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Aneasthesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25219194/-diagnosis-and-endoscopic-therapy-for-lateral-sphenoid-sinus-recess-lesions
#1
Bo Yan, Qiuhang Zhang, Lianjie Cao, Wei Wei
OBJECTIVE: To highlight concepts critical to achieving successful diagnosis and endoscopic therapy for lateral recess of the sphenoid sinus (LRSS) lesions, operative techniques, and avoiding complications in the treatment were discussed. METHOD: Pathology within a lateral recess of a widely pneumatized sphenoid sinus is difficult to access with the use of traditional open and current endoscopic surgical approaches. A new surgical procedure, the endoscopic tranapterygoid approach, directly accesses this region...
June 2014: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22993058/application-value-of-topical-aneasthesia-in-children-strabismus-surgery
#2
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Xiaoping He, Lina Chen, Xinfu Pan, Huiyong Hu, Zhimin Shi
PURPOSE: Comparison of topical vs general aneasthesia for strabismus surgery. METHODS: Preoperative patients (aged 6~12 years) were divided into two study groups: the topical aneasthesia group (n=22), and the general aneasthesia group (n=21). The study groups were compared on the following measures: analgesic effect, surgical correction effect, eye-heart reflex, preoperative preparation time and operation time, using t-tests or X2 tests where appropriate. RESULTS: Compared with the general aneasthesia group, the topical aneasthesia group gained better surgical correction results (P<0...
September 2012: Eye Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22924261/treatment-of-achilles-tendon-rupture-using-different-methods
#3
Predrag Grubor, Milan Grubor
BACKGROUND/AIM: Today there are controversies about searching for the ideal surgical method (conservatively with plaster cast, with open and percutaneous tenorrhaphy) for repairing a ruptured Achilles tendon. The aim of this study study was to examine the results of treating Achilles tendon ruptures in patients by using the following methods: percutaneous suturing, open surgery technique and non-surgical treatment by plaster cast immobilisation. METHODS: Forty two patients treated at our facility in the period August 2003 - September 2010 for Achilles tendon ruptures were included in the study...
August 2012: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21440831/-evaluation-of-topical-vasoconstrictors-in-pterygium-surgery-and-their-role-in-reducing-intraoperative-bleeding
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
E Villegas Becerril, L Pérula de Torres, M Bergillos Arillo, C Villegas del Cuvillo
OBJECTIVE: To reduce vascularisation before surgery through the application of topical vasoconstrictors, decreases the rate of intraoperative bleeding, improves the dynamics of the surgery and reduces the difficulty in surgical performance. METHODS: Only patients with primary pterygium were included in the study. A prospective randomized clinical trial was designed to compare intraoperative bleeding, need for cauterization and surgical time a group that was administered phenylephrine...
February 2011: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20005673/maxillary-infiltration-anaesthesia-by-ropivacaine-for-upper-third-molar-surgery
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
B M B Brkovic, M Zlatkovic, D Jovanovic, D Stojic
The main purpose of this study was to assess the clinical efficacy and haemodynamic effects of ropivacaine for infiltration anaesthesia in patients undergoing surgical removal of upper third molars. The safety profile of ropivacaine was also studied by investigating the maximal venous plasma concentration of ropivacaine and the reactivity to ropivacaine of isolated human infraorbital arteries. Ropivacaine in concentrations of 0.5, 0.75 and 1% achieved dose-dependent parameters of maxillary infiltration aneasthesia, clinically relevant in concentrations 0...
January 2010: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19834507/topical-cyclosporine-a-for-the-dry-eye-findings-of-thyroid-orbitopathy-patients
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
U E Altiparmak, D E Acar, P A Ozer, S D Emec, R Kasim, H Ustun, S Duman
PURPOSE: To determine the beneficial effect of topically administered Cyclosporine A (CsA) for the dry eye findings of thyroid orbitopathy patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective pilot study included 73 eyes of 42 patients with thyroid orbitopathy who had documented dry eye findings. Patients were randomly assigned into two groups: in group 1 (48 eyes), patients received topical artificial tear-drop treatment. In group 2 (25 eyes), patients received topical CsA and artificial tear-drop treatment...
June 2010: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18946852/-congenital-aortic-valve-stenosis-with-very-high-pressure-gradient-in-a-pregnant-patient
#7
T Seeliger, R L Schild, A Koch, M Weyand, F A Flachskampf
HISTORY AND CLINICAL FINDINGS: A 34-year-old woman was in her 24th week of her second pregnancy when she suffered a recurrence of her congenital aortic valve stenosis (CAS), previously treated by surgical commissurotomy. She was dyspneic on only mild exertion. The first pregnancy had been uneventful. INVESTIGATIONS: RR was 110/70 mmHg. The electrocardiogram showed left ventricular hypertrophy and myocardial damage. Echocardiography revealed a maximal systolic gradient of 155 mm Hg (mean gradient 104 mm Hg)...
October 2008: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18097893/the-practice-of-caesarean-birth-in-the-uk
#8
W Savage, C Francome
A survey of 231 clinical directors in obstetrics and gynaecology in the British isles in 2005 asking about attitudes and practice relating to Caesarean Section (CS) had a 68.3% response rate. This paper reports on consultants' practice. Since our previous survey done in 1990 relating to births in 1989 the use of epidural anaesthesia had increased and the vast majority of caesarean sections were done under epidural or spinal aneasthesia and the majority of consultants allowed the partner to be present at the birth compared with 55% in 1989...
November 2007: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17288175/-an-association-between-tobacco-smoking-and-basic-haemodynamic-parameters-during-induction-of-anaesthesia-in-gynecologic-patients-a-pilot-study
#9
Hanna Billert, Michał Gaca, Dariusz Adamski
Cardiovascular risk is increased in cigarette smokers in the perioperative period and smoking cessation results in its decrease. The pilot study has been designed to assess an association between smoking and arterial blood pressure and heart rate during induction of anaesthesia in gynecologic patients. Significance of smoking cessation before operation in this respect should be also assessed. Systolic, diastolic and mean arterial blood pressures and heart rate were assessed before and after the induction of anaesthesia in gynecologic patients subjected to hysterectomy: 27 smokers and 27 non-smokers...
2006: Przegla̧d Lekarski
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15760648/non-human-primate-spect-model-for-determining-cerebral-perfusion-effects-of-cerebrovasoactive-drugs-acting-via-multiple-modes-of-pharmacological-action
#10
Douglas W Oliver, Irene C Dormehl, Werner K A Louw
Increasing clinical and experimental evidence implicate cerebral hypoperfusion during increased ageing and points to chronic cerebrovascular ischemia as a vital component of the neuropathological progression of dementia. In vivo cerebral perfusion animal models can greatly contribute to the evaluation of drugs and to the screening of drug interactions. This study describes a baboon Papio ursinus model under anaesthesia, for in vivo cerebral blood flow (CBF) determinations, using Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) following the split-dose method with 99mTc-hexamethylpropylene amine oxime (99mTc-HMPAO)...
March 15, 2005: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12751573/rigid-retrograde-endoscopy-under-regional-aneasthesia-a-novel-technique-for-the-early-realignment-of-traumatic-posterior-urethral-disruption
#11
E O Olapade-Olaopa, S A Adebayo, O M Atalabi, A A Popoola, I A Ogunmodede, U F Enabulele
Traumatic disruption of the posterior urethra usually occurs in association with pelvic fractures and may result in significant morbidity. The management of this injury remains difficult and controversial. Recently, early restoration of urethral continuity in these patients using either both antegrade and retrograde cystoscopy (with or without fluoroscopy), or flexible retrograde urethroscopy alone under general aneasthesia, has been reported with good results. These procedures have been proposed as an improvement over the traditional teaching of placement of a suprapubic catheter followed by delayed open repair (urethroplasty)...
September 2002: African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12583112/-the-reasonable-design-of-the-combined-spinal-epidural-needles-csen-in-aneasthesia
#12
Y S Yin, K C Huang, S G Cheng
This paper discusses the reasonable factors of parameters in CSEN design and has also raised some useful reasonable parameters concerned.
January 2000: Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/1237252/relation-of-anesthesia-to-total-hip-replacement-and-control-of-operative-blood-loss
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
L Amaranath, H F Cascorbi, A V Singh-Amaranath, D B Frankmann
Blood loss during total hip replacement has been reported as ranging from 500 to more than 4000 ml. To find reasons for this large variation, 167 case reports were studied. Blood loss was higher with nitrous oxide-oxygen-curare-morphine aneasthesia than with halothane-nitrous oxide-oxygen. Blood loss was also higher in patients with cups, prostheses, and neoplasms of the femoral head and neck than in patients with degenerative and rheumatoid arthritis. In patients undergoing bilateral total hip replacement, operative blood loss was significantly (p=0...
September 1975: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/310333/anaesthetic-management-for-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#14
E A Moffitt
The principles and practice of aneasthesia for patients having coronary bypass grafts are discussed. The essential basic principle is to restrict myocardial oxygen requirement while maintaining oxygen supply. The pathophysiology of coronary artery disease and the pharmacological principles for successful management of the cardiac patient through operation and whole body perfusion for coronary bypass grafts are summarized.
November 1978: Canadian Anaesthetists' Society Journal
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