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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327780/-leptospira-infections-in-cats
#1
Sonia Weis, Katrin Hartmann
Leptospirosis is a widespread zoonosis found in over 150 mammalian species. Subclinically infected rodents and farm animals serve as reservoir hosts. Cats are exposed to leptospires regularly, particularly through hunting infected rodents. However, clinical leptospirosis is rare in cats. Nevertheless, infected cats can shed the pathogen through urine and thus, cats could play an important role in the epidemiology of leptospires.
March 22, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322697/molecular-identification-of-spirometra-erinaceieuropaei-tapeworm-in-cases-of-human-sparganosis-hong-kong
#2
Tommy H C Tang, Samson S Y Wong, Christopher K C Lai, Rosana W S Poon, Helen S Y Chan, Tak Chiu Wu, Yuk-Fai Cheung, Tak-Lap Poon, Yi-Po Tsang, Wai-Lun Tang, Alan K L Wu
Human sparganosis is a foodborne zoonosis endemic in Asia. We report a series of 9 histologically confirmed human sparganosis cases in Hong Kong, China. All parasites were retrospectively identified as Spirometra erinaceieuropaei. Skin and soft tissue swelling was the most common symptom, followed by central nervous system lesions.
April 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320594/epidemiological-survey-of-human-brucellosis-in-inner-mongolia-china-2010-2014-a-high-risk-groups-based-survey
#3
Cao Ning, Guo Shuyi, Yan Tao, Zhu Hao, Xingguang Zhang
Brucellosis, a zoonosis which can seriously harm public health. Inner Mongolia is known as an endemic region of human brucellosis in China. The aim of this study is to present the epidemic of human brucellosis in Inner Mongolia from 2010 to 2014, and to provide the evidence of preventing from brucellosis in endemic areas. The study included 838,956 participants by cluster random sampling from 2010 to 2014. The contents of this study included questionnaire survey and serological testing. The seropositive rate was calculated based on the serological testing results, tested to determine whether the participants were infected by brucellosis...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315708/2016-international-meeting-of-the-global-virus-network
#4
REVIEW
Ramesh Akkina, Heinz Ellerbrok, William Hall, Hideki Hasegawa, Yasushi Kawaguchi, Harold Kleanthous, Edward McSweegan, Natalia Mercer, Victor Romanowski, Hirofumi Sawa, Anders Vahlne
The Global Virus Network (GVN) was established in 2011 in order to strengthen research and responses to current viral causes of human disease and to prepare against new viral pandemic threats. There are now 38 GVN Centers of Excellence and 6 Affiliate laboratories in 24 countries. GVN scientists meet annually to learn about each other's current research, address collaborative priorities and plan future programs. The 2016 meeting was held from October 23-25 in Hokkaido, Japan, in partnership with the Japanese Society for Virology, the National Institute of Infectious Diseases of Japan and the Research Center for Zoonosis Control of Hokkaido University...
March 16, 2017: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315659/lessons-learned-with-molecular-methods-targeting-the-bcsp-31-membrane-protein-for-diagnosis-of-human-brucellosis
#5
REVIEW
Rocio Sanjuan-Jimenez, Juan D Colmenero, Pilar Morata
Brucellosis remains an emerging and re-emerging zoonosis worldwide causing high human morbidity. It usually affects persons who are permanently exposed to fastidious microorganisms of the Brucella genus and has a nonspecific clinical picture. Thus, diagnosis of brucellosis can sometimes be difficult. Molecular techniques have recently been found very useful in the diagnosis of brucellosis together with its common and very diverse focal complications. We herein review all the lessons learned by our group concerning the molecular diagnosis of human brucellosis over the last twenty years...
March 15, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303833/antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-leptospira-spp-isolated-from-environmental-human-and-animal-sources-in-malaysia
#6
Douadi Benacer, Siti Nursheena Mohd Zain, Peck Toung Ooi, Kwai Lin Thong
Leptospirosis is a zoonosis with worldwide distribution caused by pathogenic spirochetes of the genus Leptospira. The aim of this study was to evaluate the susceptibility of isolates obtained from different hosts. A total of 65 Leptospira isolates from humans (n = 1), zoonoses (rat, n = 60; dog, n = 1; swine, n = 1) and environment (n = 2) were tested against six antibiotics. All the isolates were resistant to trimethoprim and sulphamethoxazole and had high MIC toward chloramphenicol (MIC90: 6.25 μg/ml). All except one environment isolate were sensitive to ampicillin, doxycycline and penicillin G...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299289/occurrence-of-nematodes-of-the-genus-anisakis-in-mediterranean-and-atlantic-fish-marketed-in-sardinia
#7
Daniele Casti, Christian Scarano, Maria Cristina Piras, Paolo Merella, Sonia Muglia, Francesca Piras, Giovanni Garippa, Carlo Spanu, Enrico Pietro Luigi De Santis
Anisakiasis is a gastrointestinal fish-borne zoonosis caused by the ingestion of third stage larvae of the genus Anisakis. Between January and December 2013, 1112 specimens of four commercial fish species (Engraulis encrasicolus, Merluccius merluccius, Scomber colias and Trachurus mediterraneus) marketed in Sardinia (Italy) were examined for Anisakis sp. The overall prevalence of Anisakis spp larvae was 39.9%, all morphologically identified as Type I. Scomber colias showed the highest prevalence (100%), followed by M...
January 24, 2017: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299201/lyssaviruses-and-rabies-current-conundrums-concerns-contradictions-and-controversies
#8
REVIEW
Charles Rupprecht, Ivan Kuzmin, Francois Meslin
Lyssaviruses are bullet-shaped, single-stranded, negative-sense RNA viruses and the causative agents of the ancient zoonosis rabies. Africa is the likely home to the ancestors of taxa residing within the Genus Lyssavirus, Family Rhabdoviridae. Diverse lyssaviruses are envisioned as co-evolving with bats, as the ultimate reservoirs, over seemingly millions of years. In terms of relative distribution, overt abundance, and resulting progeny, rabies virus is the most successful lyssavirus species today, but for unknown reasons...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299152/ebola-viral-disease-in-west-africa-a-threat-to-global-health-economy-and-political-stability
#9
Semeeh Akinwale Omoleke, Ibrahim Mohammed, Yauba Saidu
The West African sub-continent is currently experiencing its first, and ironically, the largest and longest Ebola viral diseases (EVD) outbreak ever documented in modern medical history. The current outbreak is significant in several ways, including longevity, magnitude of morbidity and mortality, occurrence outside the traditional niches, rapid spread and potential of becoming a global health tragedy. The authors provided explicit insights into the current and historical background, drivers of the epidemic, societal impacts, status of vaccines and drugs development and proffered recommendations to halt and prevent future occurrences...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296215/brucella-canis-infection-in-dogs-from-commercial-breeding-kennels-in-brazil
#10
L B Keid, D P Chiebao, M C A Batinga, T Faita, J A Diniz, T M F de S Oliveira, H L Ferreira, R M Soares
Canine brucellosis caused by Brucella canis is a neglected zoonosis worldwide and is a leading cause of reproductive failure in dogs, often causing substantial economic losses in breeding kennels. This study aimed to investigate the occurrence of B. canis infection in dogs of commercial breeding kennels located in São Paulo State, Brazil. A total of 753 dogs (183 males and 570 females) from 38 commercial kennels were clinically examined, and blood samples were collected for brucellosis diagnosis through blood culture...
March 13, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294222/comparison-of-leptospira-interrogans-and-leptospira-biflexa-genomes-analysis-of-potential-leptospiral-host-interactions
#11
Prachi Mehrotra, Gayatri Ramakrishnan, Gunasekaran Dhandapani, Narayanaswamy Srinivasan, Madathiparambil G Madanan
Leptospirosis, a potentially life-threatening disease, remains the most widespread zoonosis caused by pathogenic species of Leptospira. The pathogenic spirochaete, Leptospira interrogans, is characterized by its ability to permeate human host tissues rapidly and colonize multiple organs in the host. In spite of the efforts taken to comprehend the pathophysiology of the pathogen and the heterogeneity posed by L. interrogans, the current knowledge on the mechanism of pathogenesis is modest. In an attempt to contribute towards the same, we demonstrate the use of an established structure-based protocol coupled with information on subcellular localization of proteins and their tissue-specificity, in recognizing a set of 49 biologically feasible interactions potentially mediated by proteins of L...
March 15, 2017: Molecular BioSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290594/-effects-of-vaccination-against-q-fever-in-lower-saxony-dairy-cattle-farms
#12
Stefanie Lehner, Katja Lohan, Heinz-Josef Dieckhoff, Ursula Gerdes
OBJECTIVE: Being a notifiable and zoonotic disease, Q-fever is coming under increasing focus of epizootic disease control. Current studies indicate that the disease is more widespread in Germany than the number of notifications suggest. Therefore, since 2013, under certain conditions a hardship allowance is granted by the Animal Diseases Fund of Lower Saxony for the vaccine costs of the basic immunization to support affected farms. Material und methods: All farmers, on whose farms clinical signs of Q-fever and the pathogen Coxiella burnetii had been detected prior to vaccination and who had taken advantage of the hardship allowance during the previous 2 years were surveyed to assess the effectiveness of the measure...
March 14, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287609/assessing-the-risk-of-an-emerging-zoonosis-of-worldwide-concern-anisakiasis
#13
Miguel Bao, Graham J Pierce, Santiago Pascual, Miguel González-Muñoz, Simonetta Mattiucci, Ivona Mladineo, Paolo Cipriani, Ivana Bušelić, Norval J C Strachan
Anisakiasis is an emerging zoonosis caused by the fish parasitic nematode Anisakis. Spain appears to have the highest reported incidence in Europe and marinated anchovies are recognised as the main food vehicle. Using data on fishery landings, fish infection rates and consumption habits of the Spanish population from questionnaires, we developed a quantitative risk assessment (QRA) model for the anchovy value chain. Spaniards were estimated to consume on average 0.66 Anisakis per untreated (non-frozen) raw or marinated anchovy meal...
March 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285587/serological-association-between-leishmania-infantum-and-sand-fly-fever-sicilian-but-not-toscana-virus-in-sheltered-dogs-from-southern-portugal
#14
Carla Maia, Sulaf Alwassouf, José Manuel Cristóvão, Nazli Ayhan, André Pereira, Remi N Charrel, Lenea Campino
BACKGROUND: Phlebotomine sand fly-borne diseases such as leishmanioses and phleboviruses are emerging threats to animal and public health. Canine leishmaniosis caused by Leishmania infantum is an endemic zoonosis in Portugal. Antibodies to Toscana virus (TOSV) and sand fly fever Sicilian virus (SFSV) were also reported in dogs from the south of the country. The aim of this work was to evaluate a possible association between exposure to L. infantum, TOSV and SFSV in sheltered dogs from the south of Portugal...
March 13, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285514/fasciola-hepatica-infection-status-of-freshwater-snails-collected-from-gangwon-do-province-korea
#15
Jae-Hyung Lee, Juan-Hua Quan, In-Wook Choi, Gab-Man Park, Guang-Ho Cha, Hyun-Ju Kim, Jae-Min Yuk, Young-Ha Lee
Fasciola hepatica is a trematode that causes zoonosis, mainly in cattle and sheep, and occasionally in humans. Few recent studies have determined the infection status of this fluke in Korea. In August 2015, we collected 402 samples of freshwater snails at Hoenggye-ri (upper stream) and Suha-ri (lower stream) of Song-cheon (stream) in Daegwalnyeong-myeon, Pyeongchang-gun in Gangwon-do (Province) near many large cattle or sheep farms. F. hepatica infection was determined using PCR on the nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS-2)...
February 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275967/-rapid-diagnostic-tests-for-the-serodiagnosis-of-human-cystic-echinococcosis
#16
F Tamarozzi, M Mariconti, I Covini, E Brunetti
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a parasitic zoonosis especially affecting resource-poor populations in livestock raising areas. Imaging, in particular ultrasound (US), is crucial for the diagnosis, staging, and clinical management of abdominal CE in humans. Serology is a valuable complement to imaging, especially when ultrasound features of CE are absent or unclear. In rural endemic areas, where expertise in US is scant, and conventional serology techniques are unavailable due to lack of laboratory equipment, rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) may be very useful...
February 2017: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271465/porcine-islet-xenografts-a-clinical-source-of-%C3%A3-cell-grafts
#17
REVIEW
Bassem F Salama, Gregory S Korbutt
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Diabetes is medical and social burden affecting millions around the world. Despite intensive therapy, insulin fails to maintain adequate glucose homeostasis and often results in episodes of hypoglycemic unawareness. Islet transplantation is a propitious replacement therapy, and incremental improvements in islet isolation and immunosuppressive drugs have made this procedure a feasible option. Shortage of donors, graft loss, and toxic immunosuppressive agents are few of many hurdles against making human allogenic islet transplantation a routine procedure...
March 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270811/animal-models-of-leptospirosis-of-mice-and-hamsters
#18
REVIEW
Maria Gomes-Solecki, Ignacio Santecchia, Catherine Werts
Pathogenic Leptospira sp. are spirochetal bacteria responsible for leptospirosis, an emerging worldwide zoonosis. These spirochetes are very successful pathogens that infect a wide range of hosts such as fish, reptiles, birds, marsupials, and mammals. Transmission occurs when chronically infected animals excrete live bacteria in their urine, contaminating the environment. Leptospira sp. enter their hosts through damaged skin and mucosa. Chronically infected rats and mice are asymptomatic and are considered as important reservoirs of the disease...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267619/protection-of-human-influenza-vaccines-against-a-reassortant-swine-influenza-virus-of-pandemic-h1n1-origin-using-a-pig-model
#19
Jirapat Arunorat, Nataya Charoenvisal, Yonlayong Woonwong, Roongtham Kedkovid, Supattra Jittimanee, Panchan Sitthicharoenchai, Sawang Kesdangsakonwut, Pariwat Poolperm, Roongroje Thanawongnuwech
Since the pandemic H1N1 emergence in 2009 (pdmH1N1), many reassortant pdmH1N1 viruses emerged and found circulating in the pig population worldwide. Currently, commercial human subunit vaccines are used commonly to prevent the influenza symptom based on the WHO recommendation. In case of current reassortant swine influenza viruses transmitting from pigs to humans, the efficacy of current human influenza vaccines is of interest. In this study, influenza A negative pigs were vaccinated with selected commercial human subunit vaccines and challenged with rH3N2...
February 28, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259752/co-administration-of-recombinant-major-envelope-proteins-ra27l-and-rh3l-of-buffalopox-virus-provides-enhanced-immunogenicity-and-protective-efficacy-in-animal-models
#20
Amit Kumar, Revanaiah Yogisharadhya, Gnanavel Venkatesan, Veerakyathappa Bhanuprakash, Awadh Bihari Pandey, Sathish Bhadravati Shivachandra
Buffalopox virus (BPXV) and other vaccinia-like viruses (VLVs) are causing an emerging/re-emerging zoonosis affecting buffaloes, cattle and humans in India and other countries. A27L and H3L are immuno-dominant major envelope proteins of intracellular mature virion (IMV) of orthopoxviruses (OPVs) and are highly conserved with an ability to elicit neutralizing antibodies. In the present study, two recombinant proteins namely; rA27L (21S to E110; ∼30 kDa) and rH3L(1M to I280; ∼50 kDa) of BPXV-Vij/96 produced from Escherichia coli were used in vaccine formulation...
March 1, 2017: Antiviral Research
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