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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068928/newly-recognized-cerebral-infarctions-on-postmortem-imaging-a-report-of-three-cases-with-systemic-infectious-disease
#1
Sakon Noriki, Kazuyuki Kinoshita, Kunihiro Inai, Toyohiko Sakai, Hirohiko Kimura, Takahiro Yamauchi, Masayuki Iwano, Hironobu Naiki
BACKGROUND: Postmortem imaging (PMI) refers to the imaging of cadavers by computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Three cases of cerebral infarctions that were not found during life but were newly recognized on PMI and were associated with severe systemic infections are presented. CASE PRESENTATIONS: An 81-year-old woman with a pacemaker and slightly impaired liver function presented with fever. Imaging suggested interstitial pneumonia and an iliopsoas abscess, and blood tests showed liver dysfunction and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)...
January 10, 2017: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018079/a-case-of-bilateral-aberrant-pectoralis-minor-insertion-with-absent-coracohumeral-ligament-clinical-relevance-and-controversies
#2
Vivek Pandey, Sandesh Madi, Satish Maddukuri, N Deepika, Nazar Hafiz, Kiran Acharya
Aberrant insertions of the pectoralis minor tendon are quite rare. Most cases are incidental findings during cadaver dissections, on an MRI or during surgical procedures of the shoulder joint. Rarely the aberrant insertion points can be a source of pain or restriction of the shoulder joint. From the literature review, we found that there has been no mention regarding the frequency of occurrence of this variation with respect to unilateral or bilateral occurence, and only three cases have been reported, in which aberrant bilateral insertions have been documented of which two were noted during cadaveric dissection and one radiologically...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966031/bilateral-bony-fusion-around-the-supraspinatus-muscle-inducing-muscle-hypoplasia-and-shoulder-pain
#3
YeNa Son, Kyung Nam Ryu, Wook Jin, Ji Seon Park, So Young Park
We describe the case of a 30-year-old man who developed chronic bilateral shoulder pain that relapsed and remitted over the course of 1 year. The patient was diagnosed with congenital shoulder fusion anomalies. The right shoulder showed anomalous accessory articulation between the distal third of the clavicle and the acromion along with normal articulation of the shoulder on CT. At the left shoulder, bony fusions were present between the distal portion of the clavicle, the acromion, and the coracoid process, and between the coracoid process, upper portion of the glenoid, and upper body of the scapula, which formed a bony canal and was responsible for hypoplasia of the supraspinatus muscle on CT and MRI...
December 14, 2016: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914841/progression-of-degenerative-changes-of-the-biceps-tendon-after-successful-rotator-cuff-repair
#4
Norimasa Takahashi, Hiroyuki Sugaya, Momoko Matsumoto, Hikaru Miyauchi, Keisuke Matsuki, Morihito Tokai, Nobuaki Kawai, Kazutomo Onishi, Yusuke Ueda, Shota Hoshika
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the morphologic changes in the biceps tendon using ultrasonography before and after successful arthroscopic posterosuperior rotator cuff repair. METHODS: Forty-four patients (44 shoulders) underwent arthroscopic posterosuperior rotator cuff repair with 1-year postoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) follow-up. The patients comprised 22 men and 22 women with an average age of 61 years. The cross-sectional area (CSA) of the biceps tendon in the bicipital groove was measured, and the vascularity in the bicipital groove was graded as 0 to 3, based on the signal density of the anterior circumflex artery, using power Doppler ultrasonography...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885850/detour-sign-in-the-diagnosis-of-subluxation-of-the-long-head-of-the-biceps-tendon-with-arthroscopic-correlation
#5
Eun Kyung Khil, Jang Gyu Cha, Ji Sook Yi, Hyun-Joo Kim, Kyung Dae Min, Young Cheol Yoon, Chan Hong Jeon
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether detection of the detour sign via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) indicates of subluxation of the long head of the biceps tendon (SLBT) in the shoulder joint and to investigate the association of SLBT with the degeneration of the long head of the biceps tendon (LBT) and rotator cuff tears. METHODS: This retrospective study included 65 patients with shoulder pain who underwent shoulder MRI and arthroscopic surgery. When axial images revealed that the LBT was displaced over the inner rim of the bicipital groove with some remaining contact with the groove (criterion 1), or demonstrated a "detour sign" of the biceps tendon (criterion 2), the lesion was diagnosed an SLBT...
November 25, 2016: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853682/acute-cervical-spontaneous-spinal-epidural-hematoma-presenting-with-minimal-neurological-deficits-a-case-report
#6
Jisoon Huh, Ho-Young Kwak, You-Nam Chung, Sun Kyung Park, Yun Suk Choi
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is an uncommon but potentially fatal condition. The increased bleeding tendency associated with anticoagulant medications has been proven to increase the risk of SSEH. The symptoms of SSEH usually begin with sudden severe neck or back pain and are followed by neurological deficits. However, some cases present with only axial pain or with radicular pain similar to herniated disc disorders. CASE PRESENTATION: A 28-year-old healthy man developed a sudden onset of severe neck and right shoulder pain with mild arm weakness...
October 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821938/correlations-between-mri-findings-and-outcome-of-capsular-distension-in-adhesive-capsulitis-of-the-shoulder
#7
Yun Hee Park, Young Sook Park, Hyun Jung Chang, Yeongmi Kim
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the association between magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in patients with adhesive shoulder capsulitis and the therapeutic effect of capsular distension. [Subjects and Methods] We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 57 patients who underwent capsular distension therapy after a diagnosis of adhesive capsulitis with clinical and MRI scans. Axillary joint capsular thickness by MRI was graded as I (≤3.6 mm), II (3.7-4.2 mm), and III (≥4...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792788/trem-1-hmgb1-and-rage-in-the-shoulder-tendon-dual-mechanisms-for-inflammation-based-on-the-coincidence-of-glenohumeral-arthritis
#8
Finosh G Thankam, Matthew F Dilisio, Nicholas E Dietz, Devendra K Agrawal
Rotator cuff injury (RCI) is a major musculoskeletal disorder in the adult population where inflammation and pain are major contributing factors. Coincidence of other clinical conditions like glenohumeral arthritis aggravates inflammation and delays the healing response. The mechanism and signaling factors underlying the sustenance of inflammation in the rotator cuff joint are largely unknown. The present article aims to elucidate the involvement of inflammatory molecule, TREM-1 (Triggering Receptors Expressed on Myeloid cells-1), and danger-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), including high mobility group protein 1 (HMGB-1) and RAGE (receptor for advanced glycation end products), in the setting of RCI with respect to the severity of glenohumeral arthritis...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790534/clinico-radiological-correlation-of-subcoracoid-impingement-with-reduced-coracohumeral-interval-and-its-relation-to-subscapularis-tears-in-indian-patients
#9
Ayyappan Vijayachandran Nair, Srivatsa Nagaraja Rao, Chandrababu Kadassery Kumaran, Bhaskaran Vadakkekottu Kochukunju
INTRODUCTION: Clinically, subcoracoid impingement is characterized by pain at the anterior aspect of the shoulder that is induced by adduction, internal rotation and forward flexion. This position leads to narrowing of the Coraco-Humeral Interval (CHI)-that is, the space between the coracoid process and the lesser tuberosity of the humerus. Structures in the rotator interval are at greatest risk for impingement which includes the Subscorapularis tendon, tendon of the long head of the biceps, and the middle gleno-humeral ligament...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703934/a-case-of-septic-arthritis-of-shoulder-presenting-as-stiffness-of-the-shoulder
#10
Senthil Nathan Sambandam, Mukesh Atturu
INTRODUCTION: Septic arthritis of the shoulder is uncommon in adults. It is a surgical emergency as joint destruction occurs rapidly and can lead to significant morbidity and mortality. Accurate diagnosis can be particularly challenging in patients with underlying liver disease. MRI is a useful adjunct in early detection of atypical causes of shoulder pain. CASE REPORT: A 43 years old male came to our outpatient department with complaints of pain and stiffness of his left shoulder...
April 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699832/value-of-delayed-gadolinium-enhanced-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-cartilage-for-the-pre-operative-assessment-of-cervical-intervertebral-discs
#11
Christoph Schleich, Falk Miese, Anja Müller-Lutz, Johannes Boos, Joel Aissa, Adrian Nasca, Frank Zaucke, Tamara Bostelmann, Lars Schimmöller, Bernd Bittersohl, Hans-Jakob Steiger, Gerald Antoch, Richard Bostelmann
The study was performed to preoperatively assess the cartilage integrity of cervical intervertebral discs (IVDs) using Delayed Gadolinium-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Cartilage (dGEMRIC). Therefore, 53 cervical intervertebral discs of nine preoperative patients with neck and shoulder/arm pain scheduled for discectomy (five females, four males; mean age: 47.1 ± 8.4 years; range: 36-58 years) were included for biochemical analysis in this retrospective study. The patients underwent 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) including biochemical imaging with dGEMRIC and morphological, sagittal T2 weighted (T2w) imaging...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695567/anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-with-titanium-cages-for-simple-or-multilevel-herniated-discs-and-spur-of-the-cervical-spine-report-of-2-cases-and-experience-in-bali
#12
G B Mahadewa Tjokorda, Golden Nyoman, Maliawan Sri, Mizuno Junichi
This report presents two cases of cervicobrachialgia and radiculopathy due to multiple cervical herniated discs and spur formation that dealt with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) using different titanium interbody cages. The description of the clinical presentation, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearances and management strategy are discussed. Both cases showed chronic neck pain and radiating pain from the shoulder to the arm. They had a history of blurry vision, cluster head ache, weakness, and numbness on the shoulder for 2 years...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676842/safety-and-effectiveness-of-early-intramuscular-botulinum-toxin-injections-to-prevent-shoulder-deformity-in-babies-with-obstetrical-brachial-plexus-palsy-presentation-of-a-multicentre-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#13
Christelle Pons, Dinomais Mickael, Franck Fitoussi, Marie-Charlotte D'Anjou, Mélanie Porte, Emilie Rumilly, Nathaly Quintero, Philippe Violas, Sylvain Brochard
OBJECTIVE: In children with obstetrical brachial plexus palsy (OBPP), shoulder musculoskeletal deformity is the main cause of morbidity, with a loss of range of shoulder motion, pain and a reduction in social participation. Some uncontrolled studies show that early injections of botulinum toxin (BTI) in the internal shoulder rotator muscles (which cause the deformity) are one of the most promising treatments for the prevention of bony deformity. The main objective of this study will be the evaluation of the effectiveness of BTI in the internal shoulder rotator muscles at the age of 6 months in preventing an increase in posterior subluxation of the glenohumeral joint in babies with OBPP (evaluated at the ages of 5 and 12 months), compared with a placebo...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623866/results-and-functional-outcomes-of-structural-fresh-osteochondral-allograft-transfer-for-treatment-of-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-talus-in-a-highly-active-population
#14
Justin D Orr, John C Dunn, Kenneth A Heida, Nicholas A Kusnezov, Brian R Waterman, Philip J Belmont
INTRODUCTION: Structural fresh osteochondral allograft transfer is an appropriate treatment option for large osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLTs), specifically lesions involving the shoulder of the talus. Sparse literature exists regarding functional outcome following this surgery in high-demand populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a 2-year period, a single surgeon performed 8 structural allograft transfers for treatment of large OLTs in an active duty US military population...
September 13, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620544/physician-training-ultrasound-and-accuracy-of-diagnosis-in-rotator-cuff-tears
#15
Michael Day, M Phil, Richard A McCormack, Samir Nayyar, Laith Jazrawi
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasonography offers a fast and inexpensive method to evaluate the rotator cuff in the office setting. However, the accuracy of ultrasound is highly user dependent. The purpose of this study is to investigate the learning curve of an orthopaedic surgeon in using ultrasound to diagnose rotator cuff tears. METHODS: A sports medicine fellowship trained orthopaedic surgeon was taught how to perform and interpret an ultrasound examination of the shoulder by a musculoskeletal radiologist...
September 2016: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588138/medullary-metastasis-of-a-malignant-peripheral-nerve-sheath-tumor-a-case-report
#16
Tomohito Hagi, Tomoki Nakamura, Ayumu Yokoji, Akihiko Matsumine, Akihiro Sudo
The present study reports a case of medullary metastasis without lung metastasis that occurred as a result of a malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST). An 81-year-old woman presented with a MPNST in the left brachial plexus, arising from the cervical nerve root. The patient underwent carbon ion radiotherapy; however, tumor recurrence was identified in the left shoulder. Subsequently, the patient underwent wide excision. Three weeks subsequent to surgery, imbalance and dysarthria developed suddenly...
September 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577549/long-head-biceps-tenodesis-or-tenotomy-in-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repair-bite-study-protocol
#17
Derek Friedrich Petrus van Deurzen, Vanessa Antoinet Bernice Scholtes, Nienke Willemien Willigenburg, Navin Gurnani, Lukas Pieter Eduard Verweij, Michel Pieter Jozef van den Bekerom
BACKGROUND: Optimal treatment of the diseased long head of the biceps (LHB) tendon during rotator cuff repair remains a topic of debate: tenotomy or tenodesis. A recent meta analysis revealed no difference in strength or functional outcome between treatments. The included studies varied in methodological quality, and only two were randomized controlled trials (RCTs). As strong evidence in favor of either tenotomy or tenodesis is still lacking, we designed this randomized controlled trial to compare functional outcomes after tenotomy and tenodesis when performed in adjunct to arthroscopic rotator cuff repair...
30, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544678/subacromial-injection-of-autologous-platelet-rich-plasma-versus-corticosteroid-for-the-treatment-of-symptomatic-partial-rotator-cuff-tears
#18
Ahmed Shams, Mohamed El-Sayed, Osama Gamal, Waled Ewes
OBJECTIVE: Rotator cuff tears are one of the most common causes of chronic shoulder pain and disability. They significantly affect the quality of life. Reduced pain and improved function are the goals of conventional therapy, which includes relative rest, pain therapy, physical therapy, corticosteroid injections and surgical intervention. Tendons have a relative avascular nature; hence, their regenerative potential is limited. There is some clinical evidence that the application of autologous platelets may help to revascularize the area of injury in rotator cuff pathologies...
December 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539943/characteristics-of-dynamic-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-idiopathic-severe-frozen-shoulder
#19
Hideyuki Sasanuma, Hideharu Sugimoto, Akifumi Fujita, Yuji Kanaya, Yuki Iijima, Toshihiro Saito, Katsushi Takeshita
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of current techniques for dynamic 3-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of idiopathic severe frozen shoulder (FS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects consisted of 5 healthy volunteers and 16 patients with idiopathic severe FS. We defined severe idiopathic FS as follows: range of motion ≤100° in forward flexion, ≤10° in external rotation, and ≤L5 in internal rotation...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537585/multifocal-pigmented-villonodular-synovitis-in-a-child-a-case-report
#20
Liang Zhao, Kaiyu Zhou, Yimin Hua, Yifei Li, Dezhi Mu
INTRODUCTION: Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is a rare, benign proliferative disorder of the synovial membrane that typically presents in adults and affects a single joint. Multifocal PVNS is very rare, particularly in childhood. We reported a rare case of multifocal PVNS affecting over 20 joints in a child. CLINICAL PROCEDURE: A 7-year-old female patient had a 6-month history of multifocal joints swelling with mild pain. She was diagnosed as polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis at a local hospital...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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