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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332659/a-case-of-hepatic-tuberculosis-a-tuberculoma
#1
Sameer Khanijo, Pragati Tandon
Tuberculosis (TB) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and its eradication in the United States has stalled for the first time in decades. Isolated hepatic TB is an extremely uncommon form of extrapulmonary TB. Here we present a case of a tuberculous liver abscess and suggest that TB should be considered in patients who fail to respond to antibiotics and prompt diagnostic intervention.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288226/progressive-delayed-hemidystonia-following-clinically-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Swaleha N Nadaf, Rahul T Chakor, Kaumil Vipul Kothari, Haresh Bharote
A 16-year-old boy presented with progressive left hemidystonia over 3 years. The possibilities of symptomatic hemidystonia due to focal lesions such as infarct (vasculitis), tumours, tuberculoma, arteriovenous malformations or heredodegenerative disorders such as Wilson disease were considered. Imaging showed a peculiar scar involving right basifrontal region extending upto anterior, centromedian and dorsomedial nuclei of thalamus due to blowout fracture of roof of orbit. This scar was responsible for progressive left hemidystonia...
December 28, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251339/-extramedullary-intradural-tuberculosis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
D Quispe, M Alvarado, D Rivas, I Gonzales
INTRODUCTION: Central nervous system tuberculosis is a common chronic infection in developing countries, being the most frequent forms: tuberculous meningitis and intracranial tuberculosis. Extramedullary intradural tuberculosis is a rare entity with few cases described in the world literature, and is usually associated with a history of tuberculous meningitis or during antituberculosis treatment. CASE REPORT: A 17 years-old male patient, without history of tuberculosis, with subacute onset and progressive course of compressive myelopathy...
January 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249362/-miliary-tuberculosis
#4
N Zaghba, K El Hachimi, H Benjelloun, N Yassine
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis miliary is a severe and rare form of tuberculosis. It is often due to a haematogenous spread of the bacillus of Koch and represents less than 2 % of tuberculosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 81 cases of tuberculous miliary collected at the Department of respiratory diseases of the Ibn Rochd university hospital in Casablanca between September 2003 and November 2016. RESULTS: A female predominance was noted with 58 % of the cases...
December 14, 2017: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245227/spinal-intramedullary-tuberculoma-following-pulmonary-tuberculosis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Guan-Chyuan Wang, Sheng-Wen Wu
RATIONALE: Spinal intramedullary tuberculoma (IMTB) is a rare disease that accounts for 1 to 2/100,000 patients with tuberculosis. We presented a case with pulmonary tuberculosis and concurrent IMTB at C3 to C5 level and reviewed the recent case series and discussed the diagnosis, treatment, and outcome. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 33-year-old male had concurrent pulmonary TB and IMTB at the C3 to C5 level. He had quadriplegia (muscle power 0 at 4 limbs) and sensory loss below C5 level...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244096/treatment-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-past-and-present
#6
Dmitry Borisovich Giller, Boris Dmitrievich Giller, Galina Vitalievna Giller, Galina Vladimirovna Shcherbakova, Anuar Bahtibaevich Bizhanov, Inga Igorevna Enilenis, Aleksey Aleksandrovich Glotov
OBJECTIVES: Surgical interventional has been key in the treatment of tuberculosis (TB) for a long time. Its importance diminished after the emergence of chemotherapy. However, the spread of rapid multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) TB has led us to return to surgery to treat TB. Today, every second patient in Russia with destructive TB has either MDR or XDR TB, which is the reason for the low efficacy of conservative treatment. In 2015, treatment with drugs resulted in clinical recovery in only 29...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221316/recent-advances-in-the-management-of-pulmonary-tuberculoma-with-focus-on-the-use-of-tubeless-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery
#7
REVIEW
Zhaohua Xia, Kun Qiao, Jianxing He
Pulmonary tuberculoma are benign solitary pulmonary nodules representing up to 25% of all resected solitary pulmonary nodules. However, the differentiation between pulmonary tuberculoma and lung cancer, as well as between active tuberculoma and inactive tuberculoma remains a clinical challenge. The present review summarizes the recent advances in the management of pulmonary tuberculoma, including radiological findings, the response to anti-tuberculosis treatment and surgical treatments. Application of the novel tubeless video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) technique in both the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary tuberculoma has been found to be safe and feasible and leads to less surgical trauma, which results in reduced length of hospitalization and better post-operative quality of life...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164583/application-of-dynamic-ct-to-identify-lung-cancer-pulmonary-tuberculosis-and-pulmonary-inflammatory-pseudotumor
#8
X-L Wang, W Shan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the value of dynamic enhanced computed tomography (CT) scanning in diagnosing lung cancer, pulmonary tuberculosis, and pulmonary inflammatory pseudotumor. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We recruited 30 patients with pulmonary tuberculoma, 38 with lung cancer, and 16 with pulmonary inflammatory pseudotumor. All patients received CT scanning, dynamic enhanced CT scanning for 20, 30, 45, 60, 75, 90, and 120 s, and scanning for 3, 5, 8, 12, and 15 min...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155204/reciprocal-contribution-of-clinical-studies-and-the-hp10-antigen-elisa-for-the-diagnosis-of-extraparenchymal-neurocysticercosis
#9
R Michael E Parkhouse, Arturo Carpio, Alfredo Campoverde, Patricia Sastre, Glenda Rojas, María Milagros Cortez
To evaluate diagnosis of active neurocysticercosis, paired cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) and serum samples from 24 neurocysticercosis (NCC) patients and 17 control neurological patients were assayed in the HP10 Taenia antigen (Ag) ELISA. The CSF samples were also tested with an HP10 Lateral Flow Assay (LFA). The HP10 Ag was detected by ELISA in the CSF of 5/5 patients with Definitive extraparenchymal NCC, and in 4/5 of the corresponding sera. In the Definitive parenchymal group, on the other hand, the HP10 Ag was absent in 2/3 CSF (with a very low value in the one positive sample) and all the corresponding serum samples...
November 18, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123884/a-case-of-cerebral-tuberculoma-mimicking-neurocysticercosis
#10
Hiroko Yuzawa, Yousuke Hirose, Tomonori Kimura, Sho Kimura, Hisanori Sugawara, Asako Yanagisawa, Sono Toi, Takashi Ohashi, Tomohito Sadahiro
Case: A 42-year-old Peruvian woman residing in Japan for 11 years with a family history of neurocysticercosis presented to our intensive care unit with fever and intense headache.Computed tomography indicated multiple micronodular lesions in the brain parenchyma, and cerebral tuberculoma and neurocysticercosis were considered in the differential diagnosis. Neurocysticercosis was initially suspected, and oral praziquantel was initiated. However, because of a high adenosine deaminase level in the cerebrospinal fluid and positive peripheral blood interferon gamma release test result, cerebral tuberculoma was subsequently considered...
July 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119025/parachute-like-mitral-valve-tuberculoma-a-rare-presentation
#11
Arslan Masood, Gul Zaman Khan, Irfan Bashir, Zubair Akram
There have been anecdotal reports of tuberculous cardiac involvement, mainly in cases of military tuberculosis or immune deficient individuals. The spectrum of clinical presentations of tuberculous cardiac involvements includes incidental detection of single and multiple well-circumscribed tuberculomas, symptomatic obstructive lesions, AV conduction abnormalities, and even sudden death. We present a case of cardiac tuberculoma in an immune-competent person who presented with worsening dyspnea. The unique morphology of this mass posed an imaging challenge that required 4-dimensional (4D) echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) detail to differentiate the mass from an anterior mitral leaflet (AML) aneurysm...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114310/concurrent-multilevel-spinal-intra-medullary-with-extensive-intracranial-tuberculomas-a-rare-case-report
#12
Shyam Sundar Krishnan, Bhavinkumar Rameshchandra Patel, Madabushi Chakravarthy Vasudevan
Disseminated tuberculomas in the brain and spinal cord are rare. To the best of our knowledge, only nine cases of spinal intra-medullary tuberculomas with cranial involvement have been reported till date. However, involvement of all levels in the spinal cord, brain stem with pan lobar involvement of the cerebrum and cerebellum has not been reported so far. We present such a case of a 12-year-old boy with history of pulmonary tuberculosis, who presented with gradual onset of quadriparesis and generalized seizures...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049175/retrospective-analysis-for-the-false-positive-diagnosis-of-pet-ct-scan-in-lung-cancer-patients
#13
Mingxia Feng, Xuemei Yang, Qiang Ma, Yong He
Early diagnosis is pivotal for prognosis of lung cancer patients. Positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET-CT) is a useful method for human cancer diagnosis. In this study, we aimed to explore the false positive diagnosis of PET-CT in lung cancerIn total, 754 patients diagnosed with lung cancer via PET-CT were retrospectively collected in this study. Histopathological detection served as gold standard. The diagnostic accuracy of PET-CT was defined as the proportion of lung cancer cases confirmed by pathological diagnosis in the study subjects, and the percentages of misdiagnosed cases represented the false positive diagnosis of PET-CT...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040731/neurocysticercosis-vs-disseminated-intracranial-tuberculoma
#14
Oscar M P Jolobe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033887/atypical-cerebral-manifestations-of-disseminated-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#15
Ji Hye Hwang, Kyung Mi Lee, Ji Eun Park, Hyug-Gi Kim, Eui Jong Kim, Woo Suk Choi, Na Rae Yang
BACKGROUND: We investigated the patterns of cerebral manifestations in patients with underlying pulmonary or extrapulmonary tuberculosis or disseminated tuberculosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2010 to September 2016, brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans were obtained to evaluate cerebral manifestations in patients with underlying pulmonary or extrapulmonary tuberculosis. We also included patients with drug-resistant tuberculosis or disseminated tuberculosis...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026544/central-nervous-system-tuberculosis-in-a-man-from-cambodia-with-worsening-headaches
#16
Daniel S Krauth, Kristi K Stone-Garza, Deirdre E Amaro, Sharon L Reed, Theodoros F Katsivas
Central nervous system (CNS) tuberculosis should be considered in patients from endemic nations with worsening neurological symptoms. If imaging reveals possible CNS tuberculomas, potentially life-threatening lesions should be excised and analyzed. When disease is less severe, other tissues possibly infected should be biopsied first for diagnosis to avoid neurosurgery.
October 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021660/18f-fludeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-guided-diagnosis-of-prostatic-and-leptomeningeal-tuberculosis
#17
Madhuri Shimpi Mahajan, Akshay Bedmutha, Natasha Singh
Genitourinary tuberculosis contributes to 10%-14% of extrapulmonary TB. Prostate tuberculosis is rare and usually found incidentally following transurethral resection of the prostate for benign prostatic hyperplasia. We report a case of an immunocompetent patient with pyrexia of unknown origin, on evaluation with whole-body 18F-fludeoxyglucose positron emission tomography computed tomography scan found to have suspicious prostatic primary, with hypermetabolic abnormalities involving the brain. Histopathological diagnosis was established as multifocal tuberculosis involving prostate, meninges, and intracranial tuberculomas...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991694/dilemmas-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-intracranial-tuberculomas
#18
REVIEW
Rajeswari Ramachandran, M Muniyandi, Vijay Iyer, T Sripriya, B Priya, T G Govindarajan
Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major public health problem across the globe. A common form of extrapulmonary TB (EPTB) with high mortality and morbidity is neuro TB or tuberculosis of the nervous system. The management of brain TB remains a big challenge due to the lack of specific diagnostic tools and appropriate treatment guidelines. In this context, this manuscript discusses clinical, diagnostic and treatment dilemmas in the management of intracranial tuberculomas. Brain tuberculoma may occur at any site within the cranium, no part of the brain substance or ventricular surface being exempt...
October 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977811/-interdisciplinary-treatment-of-patients-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#19
Joachim Pfannschmidt, Nicolas Schönfeld
Today surgical procedures for pulmonary tuberculosis are highly selective but owing to the increasing incidence of multidrug resistant tuberculosis has been becoming more and more relevant. Besides the treatment of tuberculosis foci in multidrug resistance tuberculosis to eliminate the source of relapse, complications as sequelae of tuberculosis are among the most frequent indications for surgery. In patients with cavernous lesions, destroyed lobe or lung, bronchiectasis, pleural empyema or hemoptysis thoracic surgical procedures may be warranted...
September 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941861/concurrent-intramedullary-spinal-cord-and-multiple-intracranial-tuberculomas-with-tuberculous-optic-neuritis-a-rare-case-report
#20
Lulup Sahoo, Ashok Kumar Mallick, Geeta Mohanty, Kali Prasanna Swain, Soumyadarshan Nayak, Ashwini Kumar Sahu
Tuberculosis (TB) remains a worldwide burden, with a large majority of new active TB cases occurring in underdeveloped and developing countries. Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is one of the common infections of central nervous system. Other manifestations include intracranial tuberculoma, tubercular brain abscess, spinal tuberculoma, and granulomatous arachnoiditis. Visual impairment in TBM may be due to optic neuritis, optochiasmatic arachnoiditis (OCA), tuberculoma in the chiasmatic region or in the optic pathways, chorioretinitis, secondary to hydrocephalus and increased intracranial pressure, and finally due to ethambutol toxicity...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
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