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plant-based diet and hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771736/the-role-of-diet-for-prevention-and-management-of-hypertension
#1
Cemal Ozemek, Deepika R Laddu, Ross Arena, Carl J Lavie
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Regular consumption of a diet high in sodium, energy dense foods, fat content, refined carbohydrates, added sugar and low in fruits and vegetables contributes to an increased risk of developing hypertension (HTN) and cardiovascular disease. This review aims to provide a synopsis of evidence-based dietary approaches that have been effective in lowering blood pressure (BP) in pre-HTN and individuals with HTN. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent dietary recommendations have emphasized overall dietary patterns and its relation between food and BP...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757222/association-of-habitually-low-intake-of-dietary-calcium-with-blood-pressure-and-hypertension-in-a-population-with-predominantly-plant-based-diets
#2
Ziqi Liu, Aiping Fang, Jingjing He, Xin Shen, Rong Gao, Xintian Zhao, Keji Li
This study aimed to assess the association of habitually low dietary calcium intake with blood pressure or hypertensive risk using data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) in 2009. We included 6298 participants (2890 men and 3408 women) aged 18 years or older in this analysis. Food intakes were measured by 3-day 24-h individual recalls combined with a weighing and measuring of household food inventory. The participants were divided into normotensive, pre-hypertensive and hypertensive groups according to their mean blood pressure of three repeated measurements...
May 12, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575002/a-defined-plant-based-diet-utilized-in-an-outpatient-cardiovascular-clinic-effectively-treats-hypercholesterolemia-and-hypertension-and-reduces-medications
#3
Rami S Najjar, Carolyn E Moore, Baxter D Montgomery
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major economic burden in the United States. CVD risk factors, particularly hypertension and hypercholesterolemia, are typically treated with drug therapy. Five-year efficacy of such drugs to prevent CVD is estimated to be 5%. Plant-based diets have emerged as effective mitigators of these risk factors. HYPOTHESIS: The implementation of a defined, plant-based diet for 4 weeks in an outpatient clinical setting may mitigate CVD risk factors and reduce patient drug burden...
March 25, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555333/nutritional-patterns-associated-with-the-maintenance-of-neurocognitive-functions-and-the-risk-of-dementia-and-alzheimer-s-disease-a-focus-on-human-studies
#4
REVIEW
Francesca Pistollato, Ruben Calderón Iglesias, Roberto Ruiz, Silvia Aparicio, Jorge Crespo, Luis Dzul Lopez, Piera Pia Manna, Francesca Giampieri, Maurizio Battino
Ample epidemiological evidence suggests a strong correlation among diet, lifestyle factors and the onset and consolidation of dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD). It has been demonstrated that AD, diabetes, obesity, insulin resistance, and cardiovascular disease are strongly interconnected pathologies. Preventive strategies and nutritional interventions seem to be promising approaches to delay neurocognitive decline and reduce the risk of AD and other non-psychiatric co-morbidities. In this regard, healthy dietary patterns, characterized by high intake of plant-based foods, probiotics, antioxidants, soy beans, nuts, and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, and a low intake of saturated fats, animal-derived proteins, and refined sugars, have been shown to decrease the risk of neurocognitive impairments and eventually the onset of AD...
May 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512459/withdrawn-quercetin-a-plant-derived-polyphenol-with-tremendous-cardioprotective-effects
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2018: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753930/pregnancy-proteinuria-plant-based-supplemented-diets-and-focal-segmental-glomerulosclerosis-a-report-on-three-cases-and-critical-appraisal-of-the-literature
#6
Rossella Attini, Filomena Leone, Benedetta Montersino, Federica Fassio, Fosca Minelli, Loredana Colla, Maura Rossetti, Cristiana Rollino, Maria Grazia Alemanno, Antonella Barreca, Tullia Todros, Giorgina Barbara Piccoli
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasingly recognized in pregnant patients. Three characteristics are associated with a risk of preterm delivery or small for gestational age babies; kidney function reduction, hypertension, and proteinuria. In pregnancy, the anti-proteinuric agents (ACE-angiotensin converting enzyme-inhibitors or ARBS -angiotensin receptor blockers) have to be discontinued for their potential teratogenicity, and there is no validated approach to control proteinuria. Furthermore, proteinuria usually increases as an effect of therapeutic changes and pregnancy-induced hyperfiltration...
July 19, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689610/characteristics-of-americans-choosing-vegetarian-and-vegan-diets-for-health-reasons
#7
Holger Cramer, Christian S Kessler, Tobias Sundberg, Matthew J Leach, Dania Schumann, Jon Adams, Romy Lauche
OBJECTIVE: Examine the prevalence, patterns, and associated factors of using a vegetarian or vegan diet for health reasons in the US general population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey. PARTICIPANTS: Nationally representative sample (N = 34,525). VARIABLES MEASURED: Prevalence of ever use and 12-month use of vegetarian or vegan diet for health reasons, patterns of use, and sociodemographic and health-related factor associated with use...
July 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630611/a-plant-based-diet-and-hypertension
#8
Sarah Alexander, Robert J Ostfeld, Kathleen Allen, Kim A Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541356/food-and-plant-bioactives-for-reducing-cardiometabolic-disease-risk-an-evidence-based-approach
#9
REVIEW
Arrigo F G Cicero, Federica Fogacci, Alessandro Colletti
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are one of the major causes of mortality and disability in Western countries. Prevention is known to be the cornerstone to lessen the incidence of CVDs and also to reduce the economic burden of both the citizen and the healthcare system. "Interventional medicine" certainly puts lifestyle modification as the first therapeutic step, including a healthy diet and physical activity. Secondly, a large body of research individuated a number of food and plant bioactives, which are potentially efficacious in preventing and reducing some highly prevalent CV risk factors, such as hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, vascular inflammation and vascular compliance...
June 21, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394274/vegetarian-diet-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-friend-or-foe
#10
REVIEW
Anna Gluba-Brzózka, Beata Franczyk, Jacek Rysz
Healthy diet is highly important, especially in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Proper nutrition provides the energy to perform everyday activities, prevents infection, builds muscle, and helps to prevent kidney disease from getting worse. However, what does a proper diet mean for a CKD patient? Nutrition requirements differ depending on the level of kidney function and the presence of co-morbid conditions, including hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The diet of CKD patients should help to slow the rate of progression of kidney failure, reduce uremic toxicity, decrease proteinuria, maintain good nutritional status, and lower the risk of kidney disease-related secondary complications (cardiovascular disease, bone disease, and hypertension)...
April 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319109/the-broad-study-a-randomised-controlled-trial-using-a-whole-food-plant-based-diet-in-the-community-for-obesity-ischaemic-heart-disease-or-diabetes
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
N Wright, L Wilson, M Smith, B Duncan, P McHugh
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: There is little randomised evidence using a whole food plant-based (WFPB) diet as intervention for elevated body mass index (BMI) or dyslipidaemia. We investigated the effectiveness of a community-based dietary programme. Primary end points: BMI and cholesterol at 6 months (subsequently extended). SUBJECTS: Ages 35-70, from one general practice in Gisborne, New Zealand. Diagnosed with obesity or overweight and at least one of type 2 diabetes, ischaemic heart disease, hypertension or hypercholesterolaemia...
March 20, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140320/alignment-of-healthy-dietary-patterns-and-environmental-sustainability-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Miriam E Nelson, Michael W Hamm, Frank B Hu, Steven A Abrams, Timothy S Griffin
To support food security for current and future generations, there is a need to understand the relation between sustainable diets and the health of a population. In recent years, a number of studies have investigated and compared different dietary patterns to better understand which foods and eating patterns have less of an environmental impact while meeting nutritional needs and promoting health. This systematic review (SR) of population-level dietary patterns and food sustainability extends and updates the SR that was conducted by the 2015 US Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee, an expert committee commissioned by the federal government to inform dietary guidance as it relates to the committee's original conclusions...
November 2016: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122929/a-systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-plant-compared-with-animal-protein-sources-on-features-of-metabolic-syndrome
#13
REVIEW
Tristan Chalvon-Demersay, Dalila Azzout-Marniche, Judith Arfsten, Léonie Egli, Claire Gaudichon, Leonidas G Karagounis, Daniel Tomé
Dietary protein may play an important role in the prevention of metabolic dysfunctions. However, the way in which the protein source affects these dysfunctions has not been clearly established. The aim of the current systematic review was to compare the impact of plant- and animal-sourced dietary proteins on several features of metabolic syndrome in humans. The PubMed database was searched for both chronic and acute interventional studies, as well as observational studies, in healthy humans or those with metabolic dysfunctions, in which the impact of animal and plant protein intake was compared while using the following variables: cholesterolemia and triglyceridemia, blood pressure, glucose homeostasis, and body composition...
March 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071023/effect-of-food-processing-on-the-physicochemical-properties-of-dietary-fibre
#14
REVIEW
Vasfiye Hazal Ozyurt, Semih Ötles
Products derived from the manufacturing or processing of plant based foods: cereals, fruits, vegetables, as well as algae, are sources of abundant dietary fibre. Diets high in dietary fibre have been associated with the reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and gastrointestinal disorders. These fibre-rich products and byproducts can also fortify foods, increase their dietary fibre content and result in healthy products, low in calories, cholesterol and fat. Traditionally, consumers have chosen foods such as whole grains, fruits and vegetables as sources of dietary fibre...
July 2016: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886704/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-vegetarian-diets
#15
Vesanto Melina, Winston Craig, Susan Levin
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that appropriately planned vegetarian, including vegan, diets are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits for the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. These diets are appropriate for all stages of the life cycle, including pregnancy, lactation, infancy, childhood, adolescence, older adulthood, and for athletes. Plant-based diets are more environmentally sustainable than diets rich in animal products because they use fewer natural resources and are associated with much less environmental damage...
December 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754409/diet-quality-the-greeks-had-it-right
#16
John J B Anderson, David C Nieman
The Mediterranean diet is upheld in the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines as an example of an eating pattern that promotes good health, a healthy body weight, and disease prevention throughout the lifespan. The Mediterranean eating pattern is based on a variety of unprocessed plant foods including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, and seeds that are high in polyphenols. The majority of polyphenols arrive in the colon where bacteria degrade them into smaller phenolics that can be translocated via the portal vein to the liver...
October 14, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613382/nutraceuticals-a-paradigm-of-proactive-medicine
#17
REVIEW
Antonello Santini, Gian Carlo Tenore, Ettore Novellino
Nutraceuticals define a new category which shades the frontier between drugs and food. As per its definition, a nutraceutical is "a food or part of a food that provides benefits health in addition to its nutritional content". Active substances either way extracted from plants (phytocomplexes) or of animal origin, when extracted, concentrated and administered in a suitable pharmaceutical form, can create a very promising toolbox useful to prevent and/or support the therapy of some pathologic conditions given their proven clinical efficacy...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604093/protective-effects-of-terpenes-on-the-cardiovascular-system-current-advances-and-future-perspectives
#18
REVIEW
Jorge M Alves-Silva, Monica Zuzarte, Carla Marques, Ligia Salgueiro, Henrique Girao
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide that seriously affect patient's life quality and are responsible for huge economic and social burdens. It is widely accepted that a plant-based diet may reduce the risk of CVDs by attenuating several risk factors and/or modulating disease's onset and progression. Plants are rich in secondary metabolites, being terpenes the most abundant and structurally diverse group. These compounds have shown broad therapeutic potential as antimicrobial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory and antitumor agents...
2016: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27412573/dietary-patterns-and-risk-of-colorectal-adenoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#19
REVIEW
J Godos, F Bella, A Torrisi, S Sciacca, F Galvano, G Grosso
BACKGROUND: Current evidence suggests that dietary patterns may play an important role in colorectal cancer risk. The present study aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies exploring the association between dietary patterns and colorectal adenomas (a precancerous condition). METHODS: Pubmed and EMBASE electronic databases were systematically searched to retrieve eligible studies. Only studies exploring the risk or association with colorectal adenomas for the highest versus lowest category of exposure to a posteriori dietary patterns were included in the quantitative analysis...
December 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27152261/soy-based-renoprotection
#20
REVIEW
Nancy J McGraw, Elaine S Krul, Elizabeth Grunz-Borgmann, Alan R Parrish
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a significant public health problem as risk factors such as advanced age, obesity, hypertension and diabetes rise in the global population. Currently there are no effective pharmacologic treatments for this disease. The role of diet is important for slowing the progression of CKD and managing symptoms in later stages of renal insufficiency. While low protein diets are generally recommended, maintaining adequate levels of intake is critical for health. There is an increasing appreciation that the source of protein may also be important...
May 6, 2016: World Journal of Nephrology
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