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Mental health in critical care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445502/long-term-recovery-following-critical-illness-in-an-australian-cohort
#1
Kimberley J Haines, Sue Berney, Stephen Warrillow, Linda Denehy
Background: Almost all data on 5-year outcomes for critical care survivors come from North America and Europe. The aim of this study was to investigate long-term mortality, physical function, psychological outcomes and health-related quality of life in a mixed intensive care unit cohort in Australia. Methods: This longitudinal study evaluated 4- to 5-year outcomes. Physical function (six-minute walk test) and health-related quality of life (Short Form 36 Version 2) were compared to 1-year outcomes and population norms...
2018: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443439/complexity-of-the-relationships-of-pain-posttraumatic-stress-and-depression-in-combat-injured-populations-an-integrative-review-to-inform-evidence-based-practice
#2
Nicholas A Giordano, Christine Bader, Therese S Richmond, Rosemary C Polomano
BACKGROUND: Understanding the complex interrelationships between combat injuries, physical health, and mental health symptoms is critical to addressing the healthcare needs of wounded military personnel and veterans. The relationship between injury characteristics, pain, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depression among combat-injured military personnel is unique to modern conflicts and understudied in the nursing literature. AIM: This integrative review synthesizes clinical presentations and relationships of combat injury, PTSD, depression, and pain in Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) United States military service members and veterans...
February 14, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430692/mental-health-care-needs-and-preferences-for-mothers-of-children-with-a-disability
#3
K-M Gilson, E Davis, S Johnson, J Gains, D Reddihough, K Williams
BACKGROUND: Mothers of children with a disability are at increased risk of poor mental health compared with mothers of typically developing children. The aim of the study was to describe the mental health care needs and preferences for support of mothers of children and young people aged 0-25 years with a disability. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was used, using an online survey with 294 mothers of children with a disability. Questions were asked about mental health, perceived need for support, barriers to accessing mental health care, and preferences for support...
February 12, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426310/barriers-to-voluntary-participation-in-sport-for-children-a-systematic-review
#4
Sarah Somerset, Derek J Hoare
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have detailed the physical health benefits of children's participation in sport and a growing body of research also highlights the benefits for mental health. Children who participate in sport have also been shown to be advantaged academically. However, despite the benefits there is evidence that children are leading increasingly sedentary lifestyles and are at greater risk of chronic disease than those with active lifestyles. Sport provides an important means for children to achieve their recommended amount of daily physical activity...
February 9, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426304/rationale-design-and-methodology-of-a-trial-evaluating-three-models-of-care-for-hcv-treatment-among-injection-drug-users-on-opioid-agonist-therapy
#5
Matthew J Akiyama, Linda Agyemang, Julia H Arnsten, Moonseong Heo, Brianna L Norton, Bruce R Schackman, Benjamin P Linas, Alain H Litwin
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) constitute 60% of the approximately 5 million people in the U.S. infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). Treatment of PWID is complex due to addiction, mental illness, poverty, homelessness, lack of positive social support, poor adherence-related skills, low motivation and knowledge, and poor access to and trust in the health care system. New direct-acting antiviral medications are available for HCV with high cure rates and few side effects. The life expectancy and economic benefits of new HCV treatments will not be realized unless we determine optimal models of care for the majority of HCV-infected patients...
February 9, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413076/application-of-the-seips-model-to-analyze-medication-safety-in-a-crisis-residential-center
#6
Maria L Steele, Brenda Talley, Karen H Frith
PURPOSE: Medication safety and error reduction has been studied in acute and long-term care settings, but little research is found in the literature regarding mental health settings. Because mental health settings are complex, medication administration is vulnerable to a variety of errors from transcription to administration. The purpose of this study was to analyze critical factors related to a mental health work system structure and processes that threaten safe medication administration practices...
February 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411197/young-adult-mental-health-a-prospective-examination-of-service-utilization-perceived-unmet-service-needs-attitudes-and-barriers-to-service-use
#7
Jennifer M Cadigan, Christine M Lee, Mary E Larimer
Most young adults with mental health symptoms do not receive treatment or access services. It remains important to identify barriers to service utilization to improve access to care. The current study was a prospective analysis examining predictors of (a) mental health service utilization and (b) perceived unmet need for mental health services. Barriers to service utilization were examined by prior depression severity status and college student status. Participants included a subsample of young adults ages 18-23 at time of recruitment who were participating in a longitudinal monthly study who completed both baseline and a 15-month follow-up assessment (N = 622, 80% of larger study)...
February 7, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406379/conceptualizing-post-intensive-care-syndrome-in-children-the-pics-p-framework
#8
Joseph C Manning, Neethi P Pinto, Janet E Rennick, Gillian Colville, Martha A Q Curley
CONTEXT: Over the past several decades, advances in pediatric critical care have saved many lives. As such, contemporary care has broadened its focus to also include minimizing morbidity. Post Intensive Care Syndrome, also known as "PICS," is a group of cognitive, physical, and mental health impairments that commonly occur in patients after ICU discharge. Post Intensive Care Syndrome has been well-conceptualized in the adult population but not in children. OBJECTIVE: To develop a conceptual framework describing Post Intensive Care Syndrome in pediatrics that includes aspects of the experience that are unique to children and their families...
February 5, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401043/lay-health-worker-involvement-in-evidence-based-treatment-delivery-a-conceptual-model-to-address-disparities-in-care
#9
Miya L Barnett, Anna S Lau, Jeanne Miranda
Mobilizing lay health workers (LHWs) to deliver evidence-based treatments (EBTs) is a workforce strategy to address mental health disparities in underserved communities. LHWs can be leveraged to support access to EBTs in a variety of ways, from conducting outreach for EBTs delivered by professional providers to serving as the primary treatment providers. This critical review provides an overview of how LHW-supported or -delivered EBTs have been leveraged in low-, middle-, and high-income countries (HICs). We propose a conceptual model for LHWs to address drivers of service disparities, which relate to the overall supply of the EBTs provided and the demand for these treatments...
January 31, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398641/diagnosis-and-management-of-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-part-3-primary-care-emergency-management-psychosocial-care-and-transitions-of-care-across-the-lifespan
#10
REVIEW
David J Birnkrant, Katharine Bushby, Carla M Bann, Susan D Apkon, Angela Blackwell, Mary K Colvin, Linda Cripe, Adrienne R Herron, Annie Kennedy, Kathi Kinnett, James Naprawa, Garey Noritz, James Poysky, Natalie Street, Christina J Trout, David R Weber, Leanne M Ward
Improvements in the function, quality of life, and longevity of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) have been achieved through a multidisciplinary approach to management across a range of health-care specialties. In part 3 of this update of the DMD care considerations, we focus on primary care, emergency management, psychosocial care, and transitions of care across the lifespan. Many primary care and emergency medicine clinicians are inexperienced at managing the complications of DMD. We provide a guide to the acute and chronic medical conditions that these first-line providers are likely to encounter...
February 1, 2018: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396796/a-new-community-based-model-for-training-in-evidence-based-psychotherapy-practice
#11
Scott Stuart, Jessica Schultz, Ceth Ashen
It is critical that evidence-based practices (EBP's) be provided to patients. Efforts to train clinicians in the community in EBP's, however, has been hindered by a lack of resources and rigid and resource intensive models of training. We describe efforts to overcome these barriers in a large scale community-based training program for Interpersonal Psychotherapy implemented with over 1400 clinicians in Los Angeles working within the Los Angeles County Department of Mental Health public system of care. The program, described in detail, is a potential template for training for community-based clinicians in evidence-based psychotherapy practices...
February 2, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392517/mental-health-diagnostic-frameworks-imputed-causes-of-mental-illness-and-alternative-treatments-in-northern-tanzania-exploring-mental-health-providers-perspectives
#12
Brandon A Knettel, Janvier Rugira, Joseph A Cornett
In Tanzania, a nation with a large mental health treatment gap, local stakeholders' perspectives are critical for informing effective treatment. The practice-based perspectives of mental health providers may be particularly instructive. Existing foundational literature on the professional population in this region is scarce. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 29 mental health providers in northern Tanzania. Interviews focused on three topics: use of international diagnostic frameworks for mental illness, beliefs about causes of mental health concerns, and alternative treatments sought by clients...
February 1, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384428/telehealth-at-the-us-department-of-veterans-affairs-after-hurricane-sandy
#13
Claudia Der-Martirosian, Anne R Griffin, Karen Chu, Aram Dobalian
Background Like other integrated health systems, the US Department of Veterans Affairs has widely implemented telehealth during the past decade to improve access to care for its patient population. During major crises, the US Department of Veterans Affairs has the potential to transition healthcare delivery from traditional care to telecare. This paper identifies the types of Veterans Affairs telehealth services used during Hurricane Sandy (2012), and examines the patient characteristics of those users. Methods This study conducted both quantitative and qualitative analyses...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378547/the-research-and-evaluation-of-antipsychotic-treatment-in-community-behavioral-health-organizations-outcomes-reach-out-study-real-world-clinical-practice-in-schizophrenia
#14
Kruti Joshi, Lian Mao, David M Biondi, Robert Millet
BACKGROUND: Outpatient facilities, such as community behavioral health organizations (CBHOs), play a critical role in the care of patients with serious mental illness, but there is a paucity of "real-world" patient outcomes data from this health care setting. Therefore, we conducted The Research and Evaluation of Antipsychotic Treatment in Community Behavioral Health Organizations, Outcomes (REACH-OUT) trial, a real-world, prospective, noninterventional observational study of patients with mental illness treated at CBHOs across the United States...
January 29, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358479/advocacy-for-improving-nutrition-in-the-first-1000-days-to-support-childhood-development-and-adult-health
#15
Sarah Jane Schwarzenberg, Michael K Georgieff
Maternal prenatal nutrition and the child's nutrition in the first 2 years of life (1000 days) are crucial factors in a child's neurodevelopment and lifelong mental health. Child and adult health risks, including obesity, hypertension, and diabetes, may be programmed by nutritional status during this period. Calories are essential for growth of both fetus and child but are not sufficient for normal brain development. Although all nutrients are necessary for brain growth, key nutrients that support neurodevelopment include protein; zinc; iron; choline; folate; iodine; vitamins A, D, B6, and B12; and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids...
January 22, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354278/development-of-the-human-factors-skills-for-healthcare-instrument-a-valid-and-reliable-tool-for-assessing-interprofessional-learning-across-healthcare-practice-settings
#16
Gabriel B Reedy, Mary Lavelle, Thomas Simpson, Janet E Anderson
Background: A central feature of clinical simulation training is human factors skills, providing staff with the social and cognitive skills to cope with demanding clinical situations. Although these skills are critical to safe patient care, assessing their learning is challenging. This study aimed to develop, pilot and evaluate a valid and reliable structured instrument to assess human factors skills, which can be used pre- and post-simulation training, and is relevant across a range of healthcare professions...
October 2017: BMJ Simul Technol Enhanc Learn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352534/increasing-equity-in-access-to-mental-health-care-a-critical-first-step-in-improving-service-quality
#17
Margarita Alegría, Ora Nakash, Amanda NeMoyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345005/-there-s-no-acknowledgement-of-what-this-does-to-people-a-qualitative-exploration-of-mental-health-among-parents-of-children-with-critical-congenital-heart-defects
#18
Sarah Woolf-King, Emily Arnold, Sandra Weiss, David Teitel
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the psychological impact of parenting a child with a critical congenital heart defect (CHD), and the feasibility and acceptability of integrating psychological services into pediatric cardiology care. BACKGROUND: Children with critical CHD are at an increased risk for long-term behavioral, social, and emotional difficulties. Data suggest that this risk is partially attributable to parental mental health, which is a stronger predictor of long-term behavioral problems in CHD children than disease-specific and surgical factors...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342263/sri-lanka-s-post-tsunami-health-system-recovery-a-qualitative-analysis-of-physician-perspectives
#19
William Collin Schenk, Thuy Bui
Background: The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami caused significant damage to the health system in Sri Lanka. Rebuilding infrastructure and improving the mental health system were targets of recovery policies. Retrospective analyses of the post-tsunami health system recovery in Sri Lanka lack the perspectives of local stakeholders, including health care providers. Methods: In 2014 we interviewed 23 Sri Lankan physicians from the Eastern and Southern regions. Participants were recruited with snowball sampling...
January 12, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330232/interventions-must-be-realistic-to-be-useful-and-completed-in-family-medicine
#20
EDITORIAL
Marjorie A Bowman, Dean A Seehusen, Anne Victoria Neale
Being realistic while helping our patients is this issue's theme. Given the volume of tasks required in family medicine, recommendations for improvements in direct care or care measurement cannot just be evidence-based but must also be realistic. On the list of realistic: ordering antipsychotics for symptoms of dementia in the elderly, despite recommendations to not do so; ordering antidepressants without fear that the patient could develop hypertension; mental health care providers in primary care offices; forced choice for opioid management; plus agenda setting for visit efficiency...
January 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
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