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Mental health in critical care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932869/person-centered-dementia-care-current-perspectives
#1
REVIEW
Jill Manthorpe, Kritika Samsi
Person-centered dementia care is widely accepted as a value-based commitment to supporting people with dementia and is a guiding principle in care services. Policy ambitions to put people at the center of their own care are being developed internationally. These may be seen as part of the evolution of person-centered care which has its origins in critical perspectives on practice and social responses to people with dementia. In England, one further development of person-centered care has been personalization - a government policy to extend individuals' choice and control over their social care and, latterly, ways to meet their health care needs...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929687/meaning-in-life-and-meaning-of-life-in-mental-health-care-an-integrative-literature-review
#2
Xanthe Glaw, Ashley Kable, Michael Hazelton, Kerry Inder
The aim of this integrative literature review was to identify high quality empirical research and theoretical literature on the sources of meaning in life and people's beliefs regarding the meaning of life. This will inform current mental health clinical practice and research by providing a synthesis of empirical and theoretical literature. Failure to address meaninglessness or the existential crisis can lead to psychopathologies such as depression, anxiety, addiction, aggression, hopelessness, apathy, lower levels of well-being, physical illness, and suicide...
December 8, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926635/the-obstetrician-gynecologist-s-role-in-detecting-preventing-and-treating-depression
#3
Amritha Bhat, Susan D Reed, Jürgen Unützer
Women are at a higher risk for depression than are men, and this risk is especially pronounced at specific reproductive periods of vulnerability: adolescence, pregnancy, postpartum, and the menopausal transition. Obstetrician-gynecologists are often the health care providers who women consult during these vulnerable periods, usually presenting with conditions or complaints other than depression or anxiety. Presenting symptoms are frequently known comorbidities with depression or are risk factors for depression...
December 2, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919622/workplace-aggression-as-cause-and-effect-emergency-nurses-experiences-of-working-fatigued
#4
Lisa A Wolf, Cydne Perhats, Altair M Delao, Paul R Clark
INTRODUCTION: Emergency nursing requires acute attention to detail to provide safe and effective care to potentially unstable or critically ill patients; this requirement may be significantly impaired by physical and mental fatigue. There is a lack of evidence regarding the effects of fatigue caused by factors other than a sleep deficit (e.g., emotional exhaustion). Fatigue affects nurses' ability to work safely in the emergency care setting and potentially impacts their health and quality of life outside of work...
December 2, 2016: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911073/reducing-risky-alcohol-use-what-health-care-systems-can-do
#5
Amity E Quinn, Mary Brolin, Maureen T Stewart, Brooke Evans, Constance Horgan
Risky, non-dependent alcohol use is prevalent in the United States, affecting 25% of adults (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014b). Massachusetts has higher rates of alcohol use and binge drinking than most states (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2015). Serious physical, social, and economic consequences result. Excessive alcohol use contributes to cancer, cardiovascular disease, sleep disorders, birth defects, motor vehicle injuries, and suicide, and it complicates management of chronic illnesses (Green, McKnight-Eily, Tan, Mejia, & Denny, 2016; Laramee et al...
April 27, 2016: Issue Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890060/implementing-no-interruption-zones-in-the-perioperative-environment
#6
M Imelda Wright
The perioperative arena is one of the most information-intensive, intricate, and complex work environments in health care, and it depends on sound communication to help ensure patient safety. Surgical procedures require attention, vigilance, and situational awareness. Noise and other distractions have the potential to cause mental lapses, impair thought processes, and divert attention away from tasks, increasing the likelihood of adverse patient events. However, there is no way to eliminate all noise from an OR...
December 2016: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881101/knowledge-barriers-and-facilitators-of-exercise-in-dialysis-patients-a-qualitative-study-of-patients-staff-and-nephrologists
#7
Manisha Jhamb, Mary L McNulty, Gerald Ingalsbe, Julie W Childers, Jane Schell, Molly B Conroy, Daniel E Forman, Andrea Hergenroeder, Mary Amanda Dew
BACKGROUND: Despite growing evidence on benefits of increased physical activity in hemodialysis (HD) patients and safety of intra-dialytic exercise, it is not part of standard clinical care, resulting in a missed opportunity to improve clinical outcomes in these patients. To develop a successful exercise program for HD patients, it is critical to understand patients', staff and nephrologists' knowledge, barriers, motivators and preferences for patient exercise. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of HD patients, staff and nephrologists from 4 dialysis units...
November 24, 2016: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867261/counselling-psychology-in-south-africa
#8
Jason Bantjes, Ashraf Kagee, Charles Young
The origin and development of counselling psychology in South Africa has been profoundly influenced by the country's socio-political history and the impact of apartheid. As a result of this, counselling psychologists in the country face a number of challenges and opportunities for the future. In this paper we provide a portrait of counselling psychology in South Africa by describing the current character of the specialty and the context in which South African psychologists work. We critically discuss the challenges that the specialty faces to meet the country's mental health care needs, contest the current Scope of Practice; affirm multiculturalism without essentializing or reifying race and ethnicity, and build an evidence base for community interventions in the country...
2016: Counselling Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866392/drug-caused-deaths-in-australian-medical-practitioners-and-health-care-professionals
#9
Jennifer L Pilgrim, Rhyse Dorward, Olaf H Drummer
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There are numerous factors putting health-care professionals (HCP) at a higher risk of substance abuse and premature death, including high-stress jobs, access to controlled substances, long hours of practice and constant contact with the critically ill. This study aimed to examine fatal drug toxicity in this high-risk cohort, in order to: (1) estimate the rate of drug-caused deaths of Australian HCPs; (2) describe the key characteristics of the cohort; and (3) examine the relationship between HCP occupation and drug type, or intent...
November 20, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865899/a-systematic-review-finds-limited-data-on-measurement-properties-of-instruments-measuring-outcomes-in-adult-intensive-care-unit-survivors
#10
Karen A Robinson, Wesley E Davis, Victor D Dinglas, Pedro A Mendez-Tellez, Anahita Rabiee, Vineeth Sukrithan, Ramakrishna Yalamanchilli, Alison E Turnbull, Dale M Needham
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: There is a growing number of studies evaluating the physical, cognitive, mental health and health-related quality of life (QOL) outcomes of adults surviving critical illness. However, there is little consensus on the most appropriate instruments to measure these outcomes. To inform the development of such consensus, we conducted a systematic review of the performance characteristics of instruments measuring physical, cognitive, mental health and HRQOL outcomes in adult intensive care unit (ICU) survivors...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863524/positive-mental-health-in-outpatients-comparison-within-diagnostic-groups
#11
Rajeswari Sambasivam, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong, Edimansyah Abdin, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Lee Seng Esmond Seow, Shirlene Pang, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Positive mental health (PMH) supplements the definition of mental health which is not just the mere absence of mental illness. It encompasses an individual's social, emotional and psychological well-being. This cross-sectional study examines the PMH levels in a multi-ethnic outpatient population and the socio-demographic correlates of PMH across the various diagnostic groups. In addition comparisons with the general population were conducted. METHODS: Outpatients with schizophrenia spectrum, depressive or anxiety disorders seeking treatment at a tertiary psychiatric care hospital were included in the study sample...
November 18, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862651/critical-thinking-and-contemporary-mental-health-care-michel-foucault-s-history-of-the-present
#12
Marc Roberts
In order to be able to provide informed, effective and responsive mental health care and to do so in an evidence-based, collaborative and recovery-focused way with those who use mental health services, there is a recognition of the need for mental health professionals to possess sophisticated critical thinking capabilities. This article will therefore propose that such capabilities can be productively situated within the context of the work of the French philosopher Michel Foucault, one of the most challenging, innovative and influential thinkers of the 20th century...
November 11, 2016: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855426/idiopathic-scoliosis-from-psychopathological-and-mind-body-medicine-perspectives
#13
Goran Talić, Ljerka Ostojić, Snježana Novaković Bursać, Tatjana Nožica-Radulović, Đurđica Stevanović-Papić
Idiopathic scoliosis, defined as a three-dimensional spine and trunk deformity, which appears in otherwise healthy subjects, exhibits complex relations with various forms of personal well-being and psychopathology. Most research studies have documented a higher proportion of psychological disturbances (e.g., self-criticism, negative body image, low self-esteem) and mental disorders (e.g., anxiety and depressive disorders, personality disorders) among idiopathc scoliosis patients compared to healthy controls...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852345/psychiatric-rehabilitation-in-latin-america-challenges-and-opportunities
#14
J M Uribe-Restrepo, M L Escobar, L Cubillos
Comprehensive psychiatric rehabilitation programs in Latin America have been designed across several countries in the region without yet achieving full implementation. Facing an increasing burden of disease due to mental disorders, including alcohol and substance use disorders, the region has responded unevenly to the challenge. Moreover, low priority for mental health in national policies and insufficient funding for mental health services are common barriers for the much-needed mental health services reforms...
November 17, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833396/strengthening-the-coordination-of-pediatric-mental-health-and-medical-care-piloting-a-collaborative-model-for-freestanding-practices
#15
Carolyn A Greene, Julian D Ford, Barbara Ward-Zimmerman, Lisa Honigfeld, Anne E Pidano
BACKGROUND: Collaborative pediatric mental health and primary care is increasingly recognized as optimal for meeting the needs of children with mental health problems. This paper describes the challenges faced by freestanding specialty mental health clinics and pediatric health practices to provide such coordinated mind-and-body treatment. It describes critical elements of a proactive approach to achieving collaborative pediatric care under real-world circumstances using the patient-centered medical home neighborhood (PCMH-N) model...
October 2016: Child & Youth Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831733/personal-assistance-disability-and-intimate-partner-violence-a-guide-for-healthcare-providers
#16
Jessica K Salwen, Anthea Gray, Linda R Mona
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to provide evidence-based guidance for health care providers to engage in brief and extensive assessment of intimate partner violence (IPV) and to initiate appropriate safety precautions and referrals, all within the context of disability. Research Method/Design: This article is a review of the literature on prevalence and risk factors for IPV in nondisabled couples and in couples where a partner has a disability, on various assessment tools, and on the impact of personal assistance on relationships...
November 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812734/epidemiological-patterns-and-correlates-of-mental-disorders-among-orphans-and-vulnerable-children-under-institutional-care
#17
Victoria N Mutiso, Christine W Musyimi, Albert Tele, David M Ndetei
PURPOSE: The objective of the study was to estimate the prevalence, comorbidity and socio-demographic correlates of common mental disorders among orphan and vulnerable children (OVCs) in residential care. METHODS: The Youth Self Report (YSR) instrument was adapted for use and administered to 630 OVCs aged 10-18 years in four institutions operating within the Eastern province of Kenya. We estimated the prevalence of YSR syndromes and used logistic regression analyses to examine socio-demographic factors associated with each disorder...
November 3, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783555/integrated-pharmacies-at-community-mental-health-centers-medication-adherence-and-outcomes
#18
W Abel Wright, Jack M Gorman, Melissa Odorzynski, Mark J Peterson, Carol Clayton
BACKGROUND: Patients receiving psychiatric services at community mental health centers (CMHCs) are often prescribed medication that is critical to the treatment of behavioral health conditions, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, anxiety, and depression. Previous studies have shown correlation between rates of medication adherence and risk of hospitalization, but potential differences in medication adherence and other outcomes for patients of CMHCs by pharmacy type have not been widely studied...
November 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782830/patient-outcomes-after-critical-illness-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies-following-hospital-discharge
#19
Mohamed D Hashem, Aparna Nallagangula, Swaroopa Nalamalapu, Krishidhar Nunna, Utkarsh Nausran, Karen A Robinson, Victor D Dinglas, Dale M Needham, Michelle N Eakin
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in patient outcomes following critical illness, with an increasing number and different types of studies conducted, and a need for synthesis of existing findings to help inform the field. For this purpose we conducted a systematic review of qualitative studies evaluating patient outcomes after hospital discharge for survivors of critical illness. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and CENTRAL databases from inception to June 2015...
October 26, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775402/youth-psychotherapy-outcomes-in-usual-care-and-predictors-of-outcome-group-membership
#20
Ashley M Smith, Amanda Jensen-Doss
Improving mental health services for youth in usual care (UC) is one of the most critical issues in mental health services research. Identification of change groups in UC (e.g., recovery, improvement, no response, deterioration) can help researchers gain a richer understanding of UC and facilitate efforts to tailor UC to individuals who may not be responding well to treatment. This study used the reliable change index (RCI; Jacobson & Truax, 1991) to examine change groups within youth UC on two parent report outcome measures-symptom severity and functioning-using a large, naturalistic sample of youth (N = 672) treated in UC served at four clinics operating under a large county-wide public mental health authority...
October 24, 2016: Psychological Services
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