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ECG interpretation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629374/multi-purpose-ecg-telemetry-system
#1
Mohamed Marouf, Goran Vukomanovic, Lazar Saranovac, Miroslav Bozic
BACKGROUND: The Electrocardiogram ECG is one of the most important non-invasive tools for cardiac diseases diagnosis. Taking advantage of the developed telecommunication infrastructure, several approaches that address the development of telemetry cardiac devices were introduced recently. Telemetry ECG devices allow easy and fast ECG monitoring of patients with suspected cardiac issues. Choosing the right device with the desired working mode, signal quality, and the device cost are still the main obstacles to massive usage of these devices...
June 19, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628222/the-value-of-electrocardiography-in-prognosticating-clinical-deterioration-and-mortality-in-acute-pulmonary-embolism-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Amro Qaddoura, Geneviève C Digby, Conrad Kabali, Piotr Kukla, Zhong-Qun Zhan, Adrian M Baranchuk
The role of electrocardiography (ECG) in prognosticating pulmonary embolism (PE) is increasingly recognized. ECG is quickly interpretable, noninvasive, inexpensive, and available in remote areas. We hypothesized that ECG can provide useful information about PE prognostication. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Google Scholar, Web of Science, abstracts, conference proceedings, and reference lists through February 2017. Eligible studies used ECG to prognosticate for the main outcomes of death and clinical deterioration or escalation of therapy...
June 19, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611879/pitfalls-in-electrocardiographic-diagnosis-of-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-low-risk-chest-pain
#3
REVIEW
Semhar Z Tewelde, Amal Mattu, William J Brady
Less than half of patients with a chest pain history indicative of acute coronary syndrome have a diagnostic electrocardiogram (ECG) on initial presentation to the emergency department. The physician must dissect the ECG for elusive, but perilous, characteristics that are often missed by machine analysis. ST depression is interpreted and often suggestive of ischemia; however, when exclusive to leads V1-V3 with concomitant tall R waves and upright T waves, a posterior infarction should first and foremost be suspected...
June 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611540/evaluation-of-qtc-interval-prolongation-in-breast-cancer-patients-after-treatment-with-epirubicin-cyclophosphamide-and-docetaxel-and-the-influence-of-interobserver-variation
#4
Julian Puppe, Deborah van Ooyen, Jeanne Neise, Fabinshy Thangarajah, Christian Eichler, Stefan Krämer, Roman Pfister, Peter Mallmann, Marina Wirtz, Guido Michels
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy with anthracyclines is associated with life-threatening electrocardiographic alterations including corrected QT (QTc) interval prolongation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this study we assessed the effect of epirubicin, cyclophosphamide, and docetaxel (EC-Doc) on the QTc interval in 10 patients with early breast cancer. Cardiac toxicity was assessed with symptoms, transthoracic echocardiography, electrocardiography (ECG), and serum cardiac markers at baseline and after 4 cycles of EC and 4 cycles of docetaxel...
March 2017: Breast Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610624/normal-limits-of-the-electrocardiogram-derived-from-a-large-database-of-brazilian-primary-care-patients
#5
Daniel M F Palhares, Milena S Marcolino, Thales M M Santos, José L P da Silva, Paulo R Gomes, Leonardo B Ribeiro, Peter W Macfarlane, Antonio L P Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the normal limits of the electrocardiogram (ECG) is mandatory for establishing which patients have abnormal ECGs. No studies have assessed the reference standards for a Latin American population. Our aim was to establish the normal ranges of the ECG for pediatric and adult Brazilian primary care patients. METHODS: This retrospective observational study assessed all the consecutive 12-lead digital electrocardiograms of primary care patients at least 1 year old in Minas Gerais state, Brazil, recorded between 2010 and 2015...
June 13, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608915/abc-om-pediatrisk-ekg-tolkning
#6
Caroline Fransson, Stefan Johansson, Cecilia Halvorsen
The ABC of paediatric ECG interpretation In paediatric patients, ECG is used as a tool for investigation of arrhythmias, chest pain, syncope, intoxications and congenital heart abnormalities. Paediatric ECGs differ significantly from adult ECGs, and change gradually during childhood, largely because of the changes that start with the transition of foetal circulation at birth. This evolution is most prominent during the first year of life, but it is not until the late adolescent years that the ECG corresponds to that of adults...
June 9, 2017: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599797/variability-in-interpretation-of-the-electrocardiogram-in-athletes-another-limitation-in-pre-competitive-screening
#7
Hélder Dores, José Ferreira Santos, Paulo Dinis, Francisco Moscoso Costa, Lígia Mendes, José Monge, António Freitas, Pedro de Araújo Gonçalves, Nuno Cardim, Miguel Mendes
INTRODUCTION: Assessment of the electrocardiogram (ECG) in athletes remains controversial, with lack of standardization and difficulty in applying specific criteria in its interpretation. The purpose of this study was to assess variability in the interpretation of the ECG in athletes. METHODS: Twenty ECGs of competitive athletes were assessed by cardiologists and cardiology residents, 11 of them normal or with isolated physiological changes and nine pathological...
June 6, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593660/inhibition-of-left-ventricular-stimulation-due-to-left-ventricular-lead-failure-and-the-left-ventricular-t-wave-protection-algorithm-in-patient-with-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-and-pacemaker-dependency
#8
Andrzej Ząbek, Barbara Małecka, Maciej Dębski, Krzysztof Boczar, Jacek Lelakowski
The electrocardiogram (ECG) interpretation in patients with cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is often a perplexing problem. The difficulty in the device evaluation increases in the presence of unfamiliar timing cycles and a lead dysfunction. Authors describe a special function of a Biotronik CRT devices called the left ventricle T-wave protection (LVTP), and demonstrate its behavior in a patient with left ventricular (LV) lead failure. This report shows that sometimes it might be difficult to understand the loss of resynchronization in 12-lead ECG when LVTP feature is on, and a malfunction of left ventricular lead sensing occurs...
June 8, 2017: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572771/measures-of-heart-rate-variability-in-24-h-ecgs-depend-on-age-but-not-gender-of-healthy-children
#9
Waldemar Bobkowski, Magdalena E Stefaniak, Tomasz Krauze, Katarzyna Gendera, Andrzej Wykretowicz, Jaroslaw Piskorski, Przemyslaw Guzik
Many methods computing heart rate variability (HRV) have been applied in studies in children. Not all of these methods have a comprehensive physiological interpretation, and not all of studies are in agreement with the Task Force Standards on HRV from 1996, and the New Joint Position Statement on the advances of HRV from 2015. The study aim was to analyse HRV in the 24-h ECGs of healthy children by the Poincare plots and Lomb-Scargle periodograms, and to follow proper HRV recommendations. Additionally, we investigated the associations between age, children's sex and measured HRV indices...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557966/-the-usefulness-of-the-scale-before-exercise-and-exercise-to-identify-coronary-artery-disease-by-physiotherapists
#10
Anna Mejer-Barczewska, Joanna Kapusta, Małgorzata Godala, Edward Kowalczyk, Robert Irzmański, Jan Kowalski
Myocardial ischemia can be assessed by ECG at rest or doing the stress test, which also serves to evaluate the results of cardiac rehabilitation. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the usefulness of the scale before exercise and exercise to assess the risk of coronary heart disease and recognition by physiotherapists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included three groups of people: 1. 65 patients with stable coronary heart disease (IHD), including 45 men and 20 women, ranging in age from 33 to 79 years, an average of 60...
May 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554512/functional-atrial-undersensing-associated-with-device-algorithm-promoting-av-conduction
#11
Pasquale Crea, Angela Nicotera, Dalia Di Nunzio, Giuseppe Picciolo
A 58-year-old woman received a dual chamber pacemaker (Medtronic) for sick sinus syndrome. Given intact AV conduction the Managed Ventricular Pacing mode algorithm (MVP) was programmed. The day after, she suffered from palpitations. Her ECG showed a possible loss of atrial capture accompanied by atrial undersensing. Telemetry-supported pacemaker control confirmed the loss of capture. Undersensing of atrial signal was functional, related to long atrial refractory period in MVP mode algorithm. Device algorithms could induce false suspicions...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552419/a-new-algorithm-for-arrhythmia-interpretation
#12
Marzieh Mirtajaddini
BACKGROUND: Electrocardiogram (ECG) is an essential tool used to diagnose serious heart disease but its interpretation is challenging for undergraduate students and junior practitioners despite numerous methods that have been suggested to aid ECG interpretation. This paper aims to present a new algorithm for arrhythmia interpretation that is superior to current methods to be used as a supplement to lecture materials for medical students. METHODS: A new systematic algorithm is introduced in this paper...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534205/outflow-tract-ventricular-arrhythmias-electrocardiographic-features-in-relation-to-mapping-and-ablation
#13
REVIEW
Deepak Padmanabhan, Alan Sugrue, Prakriti Gaba, Samuel J Asirvatham
Ventricular arrhythmia arising from the outflow tracts can manifest itself as frequent premature ventricular complexes (PVCs), salvos of ventricular tachycardia (VT), and/or sustained VT. It is amenable to management with medication and catheter ablation without need for an intracardiac defibrillator. The electrocardiogram (ECG) is a crucial tool in the management of these patients as it is can help localize the site of origin, thereby helping guide the electrophysiologist. An appreciation of the unique anatomy of the outflow tracts as well as their relationships with the surrounding structures is essential in interpreting the ECG...
May 22, 2017: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529261/clinical-implications-of-electrocardiograms-for-patients-with-type-a-acute-aortic-dissection
#14
Masami Kosuge, Kazuo Kimura, Keiji Uchida, Munetaka Masuda, Kouichi Tamura
Type A acute aortic dissection (AAD) is a serious cardiovascular emergency requiring urgent surgery. Timely accurate diagnosis is essential, but often challenging, because of the wide spectrum of clinical presentations. In patients with type A AAD, chest pain is the most common symptom; furthermore, ischemic ST-T changes such as ST-segment elevation or depression or negative T waves are frequently observed on presentation ECG. These clinical presentations of type A AAD are difficult to differentiate from those of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), which could lead to delayed diagnosis and treatment of type A AAD or misdiagnosis of ACS followed by inappropriate treatment...
May 19, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528431/rapid-rest-stress-regadenoson-ungated-perfusion-cmr-for-detection-of-coronary-artery-disease-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#15
Erik T Bieging, I Haider, G Adluru, L Chang, P Suksaranjit, D Likhite, A Shaaban, L Jensen, B D Wilson, C J McGann, E DiBella
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) perfusion has been established as a useful imaging modality for the detection of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, there are several limitations when applying standard, ECG-gated stress/rest perfusion CMR to patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). In this study we investigate an approach with no ECG gating and a rapid rest/stress perfusion protocol to determine its accuracy for detection of CAD in patients with AF. 26 patients with AF underwent a rapid rest/regadenoson stress CMR perfusion imaging protocol, and all patients had X-ray coronary angiography...
May 20, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495249/heart-rate-variability-to-monitor-performance-in-elite-athletes-criticalities-and-avoidable-pitfalls
#16
Daniela Lucini, Ilaria Marchetti, Antonio Spataro, Mara Malacarne, Manuela Benzi, Stefano Tamorri, Roberto Sala, Massimo Pagani
BACKGROUND: Spectral analysis of Heart Rate Variability (HRV) is a simple, non-invasive technique that is widely used in sport to assess sympatho-vagal regulation of the heart. Its employment is increasing partly due to the rising usage of wearable devices. However data acquisition using these devices may be suboptimal because they cannot discriminate between sinus and non-sinus beats and do not record any data regarding respiratory frequency. This information is mandatory for a correct clinical interpretation...
May 3, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495230/electrocardiogram-voltage-discordance-interpretation-of-low-qrs-voltage-only-in-the-precordial-leads
#17
Diana H Kim, Ralph J Verdino
OBJECTIVES: To define clinical correlates of low voltage isolated to precordial leads on the surface electrocardiogram (ECG). INTRODUCTION: Low voltage (V) on the ECG is defined as QRS V<5mm in all limb leads and <10mm in all precordial leads. The diagnostic use of ECGs with low voltage isolated to the precordial leads with normal limb lead voltages is unclear. METHODS: Twelve-lead ECGs with QRS V>5mm in one or more limb leads and <10mm in all precordial leads were collected...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479090/electrocardiogram-training-for-residents-a-curriculum-based-on-facebook-and-twitter
#18
Stanley S Liu, Sammy Zakaria, Dhananjay Vaidya, Mukta C Srivastava
BACKGROUND: We studied whether social media applications can serve as effective educational tools for teaching electrocardiogram (ECG) interpretation to medical residents. METHODS: 39 emergency, family, and internal medicine residents participated in the 33-week "ECG of the Week" curriculum via Facebook and Twitter. ECG skill was assessed before and after the study with a 10-ECG quiz. Outcomes of interest included predictors of participant response rates and post-study quiz performance...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475022/hybrid-ecg-gated-versus-non-gated-512-slice-ct-angiography-of-the-aorta-and-coronary-artery-image-quality-and-effect-of-a-motion-correction-algorithm
#19
Ji Won Lee, Chang Won Kim, Geewon Lee, Han Cheol Lee, Sang-Pil Kim, Bum Sung Choi, Yeon Joo Jeong
Background Using the hybrid electrocardiogram (ECG)-gated computed tomography (CT) technique, assessment of entire aorta, coronary arteries, and aortic valve can be possible using single-bolus contrast administration within a single acquisition. Purpose To compare the image quality of hybrid ECG-gated and non-gated CT angiography of the aorta and evaluate the effect of a motion correction algorithm (MCA) on coronary artery image quality in a hybrid ECG-gated aorta CT group. Material and Methods In total, 104 patients (76 men; mean age = 65...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465689/reversible-inferolateral-st-segment-elevation-associated-with-small-bowel-obstruction
#20
Ankit Upadhyay, Sudheer Chauhan, Umair Jangda, Vipul Bodar, Ahmed Al-Chalabi
ST-segment elevation is an important and alarming electrocardiographic sign that necessitates immediate attention but does not always indicate that the primary pathology is cardiac in origin. It needs to be interpreted in the clinical context as several pathological conditions involving especially gastrointestinal tract may lead to delayed diagnosis and treatment as well as complications from invasive unnecessary interventions. We present two patients, a 64-year-old male and a 71-year-old female, who were admitted to the emergency room of a community-based hospital with similar complaints of worsening epigastric abdominal pain and were diagnosed later with small bowel obstruction...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
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