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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245169/-mistakes-and-drawbacks-in-german-newspaper-articles-on-epidemiologic-studies-meat-consumption-and-colorectal-cancer-as-an-example
#1
Bernd Kowall, Andreas Stang
Background Results of epidemiologic studies are often reported in the media because they are of vital interest for many people. Using the example of meat consumption and colorectal cancer, we investigated whether results of epidemiologic studies are reported in an understandable and correct manner in German newspapers and magazines. Methods We gathered all articles published in 13 selected German newspapers and magazines that referred to a press release on meat consumption and colorectal cancer issued by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) on October 26th 2015...
December 15, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245004/a-standardized-preoperative-group-intervention-is-feasible-and-acceptable-to-orthognathic-surgery-patients
#2
Xialong Li, Debra L Safer, Imilce Castro Paz, Roseanne Menorca, Sabine Girod
PURPOSE: Nearly 10% of patients remain dissatisfied after orthognathic surgery, largely because of psychoeducational or psychosocial factors. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of a psychoeducationally based group intervention to improve preoperative preparation of orthognathic surgical patients and their caregivers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The intervention consisted of 2 group sessions, with each session lasting 2 hours...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244162/efficacy-and-safety-of-biologics-targeting-interleukin-6-12-23-and-17-pathways-for-peripheral-psoriatic-arthritis-a-network-meta-analysis
#3
Dongze Wu, Jiang Yue, Lai-Shan Tam
Objective: To investigate the comparative efficacy, safety and tolerability of IL-6, IL-12/23 and IL-17 inhibitors for patients with active PsA. Methods: Randomized controlled trials evaluating the efficacy, safety and tolerability of IL-6, IL-12/23 and IL-17 inhibitors were identified by a comprehensive systematic literature review. Pairwise meta-analyses and Bayesian network meta-analyses using the random effects model were performed to estimate pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% credible intervals of attaining a 20% or 50% improvement in ACR criteria (ACR20 and ACR50, respectively) across trials...
December 13, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243053/should-biodiversity-and-nature-have-to-earn-their-keep-what-it-really-means-to-bring-environmental-goods-into-the-marketplace
#4
REVIEW
Donald S Maier
Pursuit of economic gain has sponsored much of our planet's despoliation. Yet conservation increasingly operates as an economic sector that markets biodiversity, ecosystems, and nature as natural capital, service provider, or option value. This essay first elucidates what basic moral theory says about the principle that the goodness of biodiversity and nature is largely economic. It explains why economic valuations may be morally unimportant, inapt for environmental goods, and subversive of more important ideals...
December 14, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242836/vaccination-with-a-recombinant-h7-hemagglutinin-based-influenza-virus-vaccine-induces-broadly-reactive-antibodies-in-humans
#5
Daniel Stadlbauer, Arvind Rajabhathor, Fatima Amanat, Daniel Kaplan, Abusaleh Masud, John J Treanor, Ruvim Izikson, Manon M Cox, Raffael Nachbagauer, Florian Krammer
Human influenza virus infections with avian subtype H7N9 viruses are a major public health concern and have encouraged the development of effective H7 prepandemic vaccines. In this study, baseline and postvaccination serum samples of individuals aged 18 years and older who received a recombinant H7 hemagglutinin vaccine with and without an oil-in-water emulsion (SE) adjuvant were analyzed using a panel of serological assays. While only a small proportion of individuals seroconverted to H7N9 as measured by the conventional hemagglutination inhibition assay, our data show strong induction of anti-H7 hemagglutinin antibodies as measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
November 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241892/forecasting-the-long-term-clinical-and-economic-outcomes-of-lumacaftor-ivacaftor-in-cystic-fibrosis-patients-with-homozygous-phe508del-mutation
#6
Piyameth Dilokthornsakul, Mausam Patidar, Jonathan D Campbell
OBJECTIVES: To forecast lifetime outcomes and cost of lumacaftor/ivacaftor combination therapy in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) with homozygous phe508del mutation from the US payer perspective. METHODS: A lifetime Markov model was developed from a US payer perspective. The model included five health states: 1) mild lung disease (percent predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1] >70%), 2) moderate lung disease (40% ≤ FEV1 ≤ 70%), 3) severe lung disease (FEV1 < 40%), 4) lung transplantation, and 5) death...
December 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241511/increasing-patient-recall-of-nurse-leader-rounding
#7
Sally W Gillam, Andrew R Gillam, Tricia L Casler, Katie Cook
Nursing staff in a medical/surgical acute care 34-bed hospital unit were challenged by low percentages of patients able to recall nurse leader rounding activity (NLR). NLR occurred daily for all patients, yet many did not recall visits by nursing leaders when surveyed at discharge. Care giver credibility suffered as non-nursing executives questioned if NLR consistently occurred. Several mechanisms were used to facilitate patient NLR recall: scripted NLR verbiage/keywords, nursing uniform leadership insignia and white lab coats, sharing of business cards, handwritten notes on patient communication white boards, multimedia leadership insignia on leader e-tablets, and visits with family members: patient NLR recall did not improve...
December 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240686/marketing-animal-friendly-products-addressing-the-consumer-social-dilemma-with-reinforcement-positioning-strategies
#8
Lenka van Riemsdijk, Paul T M Ingenbleek, Hans C M van Trijp, Gerrita van der Veen
This article presents a conceptual framework that aims to encourage consumer animal-friendly product choice by introducing positioning strategies for animal-friendly products. These strategies reinforce the animal welfare with different types of consumption values and can therefore reduce consumers' social dilemma, which is a major barrier to animal-friendly consumer choices. The article suggests how animal-friendly products can use various types of consumption values (functional, sensory, emotional, social, epistemic and situational) to create an attractive position relative to their competitors...
December 14, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239568/spatiotemporal-transmission-and-socio-climatic-factors-related-to-paediatric-tuberculosis-in-north-western-ethiopia
#9
Kefyalew Addis Alene, Kerri Viney, Emma S McBryde, Archie C A Clements
The burden of tuberculosis (TB) in children reflects continuing and recent transmission within a population. This study aimed to identify spatiotemporal and socio-climatic factors associated with paediatric TB in north-western Ethiopia. Multivariate Poisson regression models were computed using a Bayesian framework. Estimates of parameters were generated using Markov chain Monte Carlo simulation. A total of 2,240 children aged under 15 years diagnosed with TB during the years 2013- 2016 were included in the analysis...
November 27, 2017: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238227/validation-of-asthma-recording-in-electronic-health-records-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Francis Nissen, Jennifer K Quint, Samantha Wilkinson, Hana Mullerova, Liam Smeeth, Ian J Douglas
Objective: To describe the methods used to validate asthma diagnoses in electronic health records and summarize the results of the validation studies. Background: Electronic health records are increasingly being used for research on asthma to inform health services and health policy. Validation of the recording of asthma diagnoses in electronic health records is essential to use these databases for credible epidemiological asthma research. Methods: We searched EMBASE and MEDLINE databases for studies that validated asthma diagnoses detected in electronic health records up to October 2016...
2017: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237443/nursing-faculty-academic-incivility-perceptions-of-nursing-students-and-faculty
#11
Joshua K Muliira, Jansi Natarajan, Jacoba van der Colff
BACKGROUND: Incivility in nursing education can adversely affect the academic environment, the learning outcomes, and safety. Nursing faculty (NF) and nursing students (NS) contribute to the academic incivility. Little is known about the extent of NF academic incivility in the Middle East region. This study aimed at exploring the perceptions and extent of NF academic incivility in an undergraduate nursing program of a public university in Oman. METHODS: A cross sectional survey was used to collect data from 155 undergraduate NS and 40 NF about faculty academic incivility...
December 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233802/how-when-and-why-people-seek-health-information-online-qualitative-study-in-hong-kong
#12
Joanna Tw Chu, Man Ping Wang, Chen Shen, Kasisomayajula Viswanath, Tai Hing Lam, Sophia Siu Chee Chan
BACKGROUND: The Internet has become an established source for health information. The number of individuals using the Internet to search for health information, ranging from healthy lifestyle advice to treatment and diseases, continues to grow. Scholars have emphasized the need to give greater voice and influence to health consumers. Hong Kong, being one of the most technologically advanced and connected cities in the world, has one of the highest Internet penetration rates in the world...
December 12, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233087/stroke-prevention-rehabilitation-intervention-trial-of-exercise-sprite-a-randomised-feasibility-study
#13
Neil Heron, Frank Kee, Jonathan Mant, Philip M Reilly, Margaret Cupples, Mark Tully, Michael Donnelly
BACKGROUND: The value of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) after a transient ischaemic attack (TIA) or minor stroke is untested despite these conditions sharing similar pathology and risk factors to coronary heart disease. We aimed to evaluate the feasibility of conducting a trial of an adapted home-based CR programme, 'The Healthy Brain Rehabilitation Manual', for patients following a TIA/minor stroke, participants' views on the intervention and, to identify the behaviour change techniques (BCTs) used...
December 12, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231617/-protocol-optimization-and-quality-control-of-large-scale-acupuncture-clinical-trial-for-infertility
#14
Yingying Deng, Jingshu Gao, Hongli Ma, Rong Wang, Xiuhua Chen, Hongxia Ma, Xiaofeng Xu, Juan Li, Xiaoke Wu
The design of research protocol and quality control are the key to ensure the quality of clinical trial. A randomized clinical trial regarding the effects of medication combined with acupuncture on live birth rate in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), which was initially designed as a comparative effectiveness research, then added with an acupuncture control group and finally became a factorial analysis, is taken as an example to explain the protocol design and optimization process, demonstrating the high level of methodology design and international recognization...
May 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231314/-differences-and-international-standardization-between-acupuncture-as-therapy-and-as-specialty
#15
Szetuen Ng
The purpose of this study is to explore the differences of definition and clinical roles as well as international standardization between acupuncture as therapy and as specialty, which can provide reference evidence for specialization and internationalization of acupuncture. Owing to the clinical efficacy and safety, the credibility and controversy both exist in acupuncture; moreover, there is a lack of fair definition and international precedent regarding acupuncture specialty. Therefore, it is particularly essential to objectively compare the differences of definitions and clinical roles as well as criteria of international standardization for acupuncture as therapy and as specialty...
January 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229058/expectations-of-qigong-and-exercise-therapy-in-patients-with-long-term-neck-pain-an-analysis-of-a-prospective-randomized-study
#16
Liselott C G Persson, Birgitta Lansinger, Jane Carlsson, Gunvor Gard
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to study differences in treatment expectations after participating in qigong and exercise therapy among participants with long-term neck pain, the impact of total group expectations on treatment outcomes, and the relationship between these treatment expectations and pain and disability. METHOD: Reliable questionnaires were used. Differences between qigong and exercise was studied in a randomized, controlled, multicenter trial (n = 122)...
November 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228281/the-intriguing-evolution-of-effect-sizes-in-biomedical-research-over-time-smaller-but-more-often-statistically-significant
#17
Paul Monsarrat, Jean-Noel Vergnes
Background: In medicine, effect sizes (ESs) allow the effects of independent variables (including risk/protective factors, or treatment interventions) on dependent variables (e.g., health outcomes) to be quantified. Given that many public health decisions and health care policies are based on ES estimates, it is important to assess how ESs are used in the biomedical literature and to investigate potential trends in their reporting over time. Results: Through a big data approach, the text mining process automatically extracted 814 120 ESs from 13 322 754 PubMed abstracts...
December 6, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225003/improving-patient-safety-during-procedural-sedation-via-respiratory-volume-monitoring-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Donald M Mathews, Michael J Oberding, Eric L Simmons, Stephen E O'Donnell, Kevin R Abnet, Kathleen MacDonald
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Assess the utility of a respiratory volume monitor (RVM) to reduce the incidence of low minute ventilation events in procedural sedation. DESIGN: Randomized control trial SETTING: Endoscopy suite PATIENTS: Seventy-three total patients (ASA Physical Status 1-3) undergoing upper endoscopies were analyzed. INTERVENTION: Patients were randomized into two groups using a computer generated randomization table: Control (n=41): anesthesia provider was unable to see the screen of the RVM; RVM (n=32): anesthesia provider had access to RVM data to assist with management of the case...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225000/-validity-of-the-abdominal-ecography-in-primary-care-for-detection-of-aorta-abdominal-aneurism-in-male-between-65-and-75-years
#19
Laura Bravo-Merino, Noelia González-Lozano, Ruth Maroto-Salmón, Gloria Meijide-Santos, Patricio Suárez-Gil, Ana Fañanás-Mastral
OBJECTIVE: To determine the usefulness of ultrasound examination in Primary Care (PC) for the detection of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in male patients from 65-75 years old, as well as the consistency between observers on the diagnosis between general practitioners and the reference specialty in this area, Vascular Surgery. To estimate the prevalence of AAA in that population and its association with risk factors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive study. LOCATION: Healthcare Centres of Coto and Calzada II (Gijón, Spain)...
December 7, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224108/negative-impact-of-testosterone-deficiency-and-5%C3%AE-reductase-inhibitors-therapy-on-metabolic-and-sexual-function-in-men
#20
Abdulmaged M Traish
Androgens are steroid hormones with pleotropic and diverse biochemical and physiological functions, and androgen deficiency exerts a negative impact on human health. Testosterone (T) either directly or via its transformation into the more potent metabolite 5α-dihydrotestosterone (5α-DHT) or via aromatization into estradiol (E2) modulates important biochemical signaling pathways of human physiology and plays a critical role in the growth and/or maintenance of functions in a host of tissues and organs. T and 5α-DHT play an important role in regulating physiology of the muscle, adipose tissue, liver, bone, and central nervous system, as well as reproductive and sexual functions...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
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