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A V Dolzhich, S E Avetisov
PURPOSE: to assess the neurophysiological effect and clinical effectiveness of transcranial direct current stimulation in combination with drug therapy in amblyopic children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 32 healthy children in the age of 5-12 years and 97 patients of the same age with refractive strabismic amblyopia. All study subjects underwent standard examination including ophthalmological (visometry, refractometry in normal conditions and in cycloplegia, biomicroscopy, ophthalmoscopy, type of vision), neurophysiological methods (determination of retinal electric sensitivity threshold, electric lability of optic nerve, amplitude and latency period of visual evoked potentials, electroencephalogram wave amplitudes, localization of peak electrical activity area of the cerebral cortex), assessment of neuropsychic development and estimation of mental development coefficient with age tests...
2018: Vestnik Oftalmologii
A V Ushakov, V S Ivanchenko, A I Gordienko, N V Khimich, A A Gagarina
AIM: To investigate the changes of serum nerve growth factor (NGF) level in patients with arterial hypertension (AH) and obesity in dependence on the degree of psycho-emotional stress and physical activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined 76 male patients with stage I and II AH with mean age 46.75±0.56 years (36 patients with and 40 without obesity). Control group consisted of 26 individuals without AH, obesity, and cardiovascular diseases. All patients underwent ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring...
February 2018: Kardiologiia
Djibril Boiro, Demba Diédhiou, Babacar Niang, Djiby Sow, Mandiaye Mbodj, Anna Sarr, Aliou Abdoulaye Ndongo, Aliou Thiongane, Modou Guèye, Lamine Thiam, Ndiogou Seck, Yaay Joor Dieng, Abou Ba, Idrissa Demba Ba, Ibrahima Mané Diallo, Ousmane Ndiaye, Said Nourou Diop
Introduction: Hyperthyroidism in children is rare and constitutes a problem because of its psychosomatic impact. This study aimed to present an overview of the state of knowledge on these aspects in children from Dakar. Methods: We conducted a multicenter, descriptive study over a period of 15 years. We evaluated the epidemiological, clinical and etiologic aspects of hyperthyroidism in children. Results: 239 patients were included in the study with a prevalence of 2...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
Antonio Alcaro, Stefano Carta, Jaak Panksepp
Psychologists usually considered the "Self" as an object of experience appearing when the individual perceives its existence within the conscious field. In accordance with such a view, the self-representing capacity of the human mind has been related to corticolimbic learning processes taking place within individual development. On the other hand, Carl Gustav Jung considered the Self as the core of our personality, in its conscious and unconscious aspects, as well as in its actual and potential forms...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Suping Cai, Yuanyuan Jiang, Yubo Wang, Xiaoming Wu, Junchan Ren, Min Seob Lee, Sunghoon Lee, Liyu Huang
Apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 allele is the genetic risk factor with the most established evidence for sporadic Alzheimer's disease. Previous neuroimaging studies have demonstrated insufficiently consistent functional and structural changes among healthy APOE ε4 carriers when compared to non-carriers. Here, in a cognitively intact elderly group (a total of 110: 45 APOE ε4 carriers, 65 non-carriers), we aimed to investigate the potential role of APOE ε4 in the modulation of grey matter activity, white matter integrity, and brain morphology before the development of clinically significant symptoms and signs, by methods of: amplitude of low frequency fluctuations and regional homogeneity analysis based on resting state fMRI, and fiber tractography approach based on diffusion tensor imaging...
March 30, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
V A Ilyukhina, G V Kataeva, A D Korotkov, E M Chernysheva
The review states and argues theoretical propositions on the pathogenetic role of pre- and perinatal hypoxic-ischemic brain damage in the formation of sustained oxygen-dependent energy deficit underlying in further ontogenesis the following neurobiological abnormalities: a) a decline in the level of health and compensatory-adaptive capacities of the organism, b) disorders of the psycho-speech development and adaptive behavior in children, c) early development of neuropsychic diseases, g) addition of other types of brain energy metabolism (including glucose metabolism) disorders in chronic polyetiologic diseases young and middle-aged individuals...
March 2015: Zhurnal Evoliutsionnoĭ Biokhimii i Fiziologii
E A Tkachuk, I Iu Tarmaeva
The new millennium was marked by the transition of humanity to a new stage of the development--the Information Society, which is an objective reality and affects on all aspects of living environment, including the health of children. The last decade was characterized by the increase of the use of means of informatization, the level of aggression and aggressiveness of children, the decrease of intellectual indices, deterioration of mental health, an increase of children with behavioral problems, hyperactivity, inattention, decrease of mental capacity...
November 2014: Gigiena i Sanitariia
Vanessa C Evans, Grant L Iverson, Lakshmi N Yatham, Raymond W Lam
OBJECTIVE: Neurocognitive deficits are demonstrated in major depressive disorder (MDD) and most likely contribute to the functional impairment experienced by affected individuals. We systematically reviewed the evidence on neurocognitive deficits and their relationship(s) to psychosocial functioning in MDD. DATA SOURCES: English-language literature was searched in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Science Direct, and PsycInfo databases for the years 1980-October 15, 2013, with the following terms: (depressive disorder or depressive disorder, major) and permutations of (cognitive, neurocognitive, neuropsych*) with (impairment, deficit, performance, test) and (quality of life; functional outcomes; outcome assessment, health care) or (assessment, outcomes; assessment, patient outcomes; outcomes assessment; outcomes assessments, patient)...
December 2014: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
M Rusu
The carbon disulphide (CS) administrated chronic to rabbit produced an important inhibition of glucose-6-phosphate phosphohyrolase and fructose-1,6-diphosphate phosphoydrolase activity in brain and liver. The decrease of theses two enzymes of gluconeogenetic cycle seem to justify certain physiological and clinical changes of the neuropsychic and hepatic activity observed in the intoxication by CS2.
October 1981: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
L Pakharenko
To identify risks of development of any disease is a priority of modern medicine. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of polymorphic variants of A-351G gene estrogen receptor ESR1 in patients with various forms of PMS. Molecular genetic analysis of ESR1 gene polymorphism in 50 women with PMS (25 women of them had edematous form of disease, 25 - neuropsychical, 25 - mild, 25 - severe form) was carried out. 25 women without diagnosis of PMS were examined as controls. The study A-351G polymorphism estrogen gene ESR1 showed no statistically significant differences in the frequency of distribution of genotypes and alleles between women with PMS and without this pathology...
October 2014: Georgian Medical News
H Quintard, C Ichai
Cerebral oedema (CO) after brain injury can occur from different ways. The vasogenic and cytotoxic oedema are usually described but osmotic and hydrostatic CO, respectively secondary to plasmatic hypotonia or increase in blood pressure, can also be encountered. Addition of these several mechanisms can worsen injuries. Consequences are major, leading quickly to death secondary to intracerebral hypertension and later to neuropsychic sequelae. So therapeutic care to control this phenomenon is essential and osmotherapy is actually the only way...
June 2014: Annales Françaises D'anesthèsie et de Rèanimation
L A Kharitinova, O E Israfilova, M G Romantsov
Children with frequent recurrent acute respiratory infections represent an actual medical and social problem. Frequent respiratory infections provoke the host lower immunity, disturbance of the compensatory-adaptative mechanisms, impairment of the physical and neuropsychic development of the child, the social disadaptation, chronic pathologic processes in the respiratory organs. High efficacy of cycloferon in correction of the immune and interferon responses in the frequently ill children was noted.
2013: Antibiotiki i Khimioterapii︠a︡, Antibiotics and Chemoterapy [sic]
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1960: Revue Médicale de France
Santiago Mas-Coma, Verónica H Agramunt, María Adela Valero
Fascioliasis is a food-borne parasitic disease caused by the trematode species Fasciola hepatica, distributed worldwide, and Fasciola gigantica, restricted to given regions of Africa and Asia. This disease in humans shows an increasing importance, which relies on its recent widespread emergence related to climate and global changes and also on its pathogenicity in the invasive, biliary, and advanced chronic phases in the human endemic areas, mainly of developing countries. In spite of the large neurological affection capacity of Fasciola, this important pathogenic aspect of the disease has been pronouncedly overlooked in the past decades and has not even appear within the numerous reviews on the parasitic diseases of the central nervous system...
2014: Advances in Parasitology
Eva Grey, Maria Hardy, Veronika Sladeckova, Jana Adamcova, Ladislav Bucko, Juraj Blaskovic, Kristina Pauerova, Terezia Dudasova, Jaroslava Polonova, Lenka Rabarova, George J Benca
OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychic manifestations of AIDS are still noticeable especially in developing countries. The aim of this short communication is to describe psychological, behavioral and neurologic disorders caused by either HIV-related disorders, or drug related toxicities in HIV-infected children from Cambodia (Phnom Penh, Sihanoukville) treated during 10 years with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). METHODS: One hundred and thirty seven (137) HIV-positive children (age 2-19 years) treated with HAART since 2003 (6-10 years follow up) have been analyzed concerning opportunistic infections, other co-infections, renal parameters, hematologic parameters, chest X-ray, antiretroviral treatment, anti-tuberculotics and antibiotics treatment...
September 2013: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
A V Foniakin, V Vl Mashin, A S Ataian, L V Saprygina
A total of 65 patients (mean age 40.2 +/- 8.1 yr) with neurologic and neuropsychological disorders associated with long-term idiopathic arterial hypotension (IAH) were studied to estimate the state of their central blood circulation. Neuropsychological conditions were estimated from the state of higher psychic functions, such as memory speech, gnosis, praxis, cognition, attention, counting, writing, and reading abilities. Central hemodynamics was studied by 24 hr monitoring arterial pressure and echocardiography...
2012: Klinicheskaia Meditsina
Iu A Parfenov
The article presents the actual in modern medicine problem of professional burnout of polyclinic doctors of middle and elderly age. It is shown that the specificity of the polyclinic doctors' activity provokes the formation of professional burnout syndrome, paired with maladaptive neuro-psychic conditions. We studied the prevalence of this syndrome in polyclinic doctors of middle age and older; its specific versions among the middle-aged doctors were defined, where the level of burnout is associated with aggressive tendencies, and the elderly doctors, where professional burnout is associated with the instability of affective response...
2012: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
(no author information available yet)
The lecture is dedicated to the idea of a role of psychosomatic disorders in the occurrence and development of asthma, on the diagnosis and treatment of the neuropsychic type of its course, and on possibilities for psychotherapeutic correction.
2012: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
G Costa
Driving is a stressful task that requires high levels of attention and vigilance to cope properly with job demands, mainly related to working hours and timetables, weather and traffic conditions, passengers and goods safety, responsibility in case of error and/or accident. Scientific literature shows a higher prevalence of cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, neuropsychic and musculoskeletal disorders, and consequent sick leaves, in professional bus/lorry and train drivers. Several studies have emphasized that stress, fatigue and excessive sleepiness give a significant contribution to occupational road and rail accidents...
July 2012: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
A M Ovezov, M A Lobov, M V Panteleeva, A V Lugovoĭ, P S Miatchin, I E Gus'kov
UNLABELLED: The aim of the study was to assess the possibility and effectiveness of hopaten acid use for early postoperative cognitive dysfunction correction in children of school age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In compliance with inclusion and exclusion criteria, totally 40 children of school age (7-16 years old, ASA status I-II) with surgical pathology: (varicocele, cryptorchidism, inguinal hernia) were included A comperative assessment of neuropsychic status during pre - and postoperative are period in children, operated under propofol-fentanyl total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) was conducted All patients were randomized to the control (without cepebroprotection 1st group, 20 children) and experimental (using cepebroprotection with hopaten acid within 1 month after the operation, 2nd group, 20 children) groups...
May 2012: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
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