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History of neurosurgery

Samuel Carbunaru, Robert S Eisinger, Adolfo Ramirez-Zamora, Dana Bassan, Amin Cervantes-Arriaga, Mayela Rodriguez-Violante, Daniel Martinez-Ramirez
Objectives: Impulse control disorders (ICDs) are common among patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Risk factors identified for developing ICDs include young age, family history, and impulsive personality traits. However, the association of these potentially disabling disorders with nondopaminergic drugs and sleep disorders has been understudied. Our objective was to examine the association between ICDs and nondopaminergic medications and sleep disorders. Methods: We conducted an observational study of 53 patients with PD from the National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery...
March 2018: Brain and Behavior
Stephen T Casper
OBJECTIVE: To review the intellectual history of concussion from the mid-19th century to the opening decade of the 21st century. BACKGROUND: Head injuries (HI) and their acute and long-term effects have been investigated for centuries, with major reviews of the topic appearing by 1870. Thus, while it has long been acknowledged that chronic traumatic encephalopathy was first described by Harrison Martland in 1928, an examination of the history of concussion research up to Martland's seminal report places his studies in a deeper historical context...
March 14, 2018: Headache
Wei Liu, Jie Tang, Nicholas Van Halm-Lutterodt, Shiqi Luo, Chunde Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Elena Vetlova, Denis A Golbin, Andrey V Golanov, Alexander A Potapov, Sergey M Banov, Natalia Antipina, Valery V Kostjuchenko, Dmitry Y Usachev, Artem Y Belyaev, Sergey Goryaynov
INTRODUCTION:  Preoperative stereotactic radiosurgery (pre-SRS) is a recent advancement in the strategy for brain metastasis (BM) management, and available data demonstrate the advantages of pre-SRS before postoperative radiation treatment, including lower rates of local toxicity, leptomeningeal progression, and a high percentage of local control. The authors presented the results of pre-SRS in patients with BM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen patients with BM (11 female and eight male) have been treated at N...
December 26, 2017: Curēus
Anthony L Ritaccio, Peter Brunner, Gerwin Schalk
The application of electrical stimulation mapping (ESM) of the brain for clinical use is approximating a century. Despite this long-standing history, the value of ESM for guiding surgical resections and sparing eloquent cortex is documented largely by small retrospective studies, and ESM protocols are largely inherited and lack standardization. Although models are imperfect and mechanisms are complex, the probabilistic causality of ESM has guaranteed its perpetuation into the 21st century. At present, electrical stimulation of cortical tissue is being revisited for network connectivity...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
Hari S Raman, David D Limbrick, Wilson Z Ray, Dean W Coble, Sophie Church, Ralph G Dacey, Gregory J Zipfel
OBJECTIVE The challenging nature of neurosurgical residency necessitates that appropriate measures are taken by training programs to ensure that residents are properly progressing through their education. Residents who display a pattern of performance deficiencies must be identified and promptly addressed by faculty and program directors to ensure that resident training and patient care are not affected. While studies have been conducted to characterize these so-called "problem residents" in other specialties, no current data regarding the prevalence and management of such residents in neurosurgery exist...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
Ho-Beom Kwon, Young-Seok Park, Jung-Suk Han
Augmentation reality technology offers virtual information in addition to that of the real environment and thus opens new possibilities in various fields. The medical applications of augmentation reality are generally concentrated on surgery types, including neurosurgery, laparoscopic surgery and plastic surgery. Augmentation reality technology is also widely used in medical education and training. In dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery is the primary area of use, where dental implant placement and orthognathic surgery are the most frequent applications...
February 21, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Alba Pasini, Vanessa Samantha Manzon, Xabier Gonzalez-Muro, Emanuela Gualdi-Russo
Trepanation is one of the most ancient and applied surgical treatments; several archaeologically documented cases are known, dated back from Prehistory to the Middle ages. This case study reports the anthropological analysis of the skeletal remains of a young medieval woman and a fetus (Imola, Italy). The fetal remains were laid between her pelvis and lower limbs. A perforating injury was observed to her frontal bone. After assessing biological profiles, we attempted to interpret the injury and to reconstruct possible circumstances of death...
February 14, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Zane Jaunmuktane, Annelies Quaegebeur, Ricardo Taipa, Miguel Viana-Baptista, Raquel Barbosa, Carolin Koriath, Raf Sciot, Simon Mead, Sebastian Brandner
Amyloid-β (Aβ) is a peptide deposited in the brain parenchyma in Alzheimer's disease and in cerebral blood vessels, causing cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA). Aβ pathology is transmissible experimentally in animals and through medical procedures in humans, such as contaminated growth hormone or dura mater transplantation in the context of iatrogenic prion disease. Here, we present four patients who underwent neurosurgical procedures during childhood or teenage years and presented with intracerebral haemorrhage approximately three decades later, caused by severe CAA...
February 15, 2018: Acta Neuropathologica
Sang-Bae Ko
Although perioperative stroke is uncommon during low-risk non-vascular surgery, if it occurs, it can negatively impact recovery from the surgery and functional outcome. Based on the Society for Neuroscience in Anesthesiology and Critical Care Consensus Statement, perioperative stroke includes intraoperative stroke, as well as postoperative stroke developing within 30 days after surgery. Factors related to perioperative stroke include age, sex, a history of stroke or transient ischemic attack, cardiac surgery (aortic surgery, mitral valve surgery, or coronary artery bypass graft surgery), and neurosurgery (external carotid-internal carotid bypass surgery, carotid endarterectomy, or aneurysm clipping)...
February 2018: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Omar Ashraf, Nitesh V Patel, Simon Hanft, Shabbar F Danish
Laser therapy has become an appealing treatment modality in neurosurgery. With the advent of real-time monitoring and damage estimation, laser induced thermal therapy (LITT) has gained ground in the management of intracranial tumors. In the past decade multiple studies have demonstrated the use, outcomes, and complications associated with LITT in neurosurgery. These same studies have consistently reported an overall benefit of LITT in cases where traditional surgical approaches may be limited by the patient's clinical status, tumor location, or overall prognosis...
February 1, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Yasunori Nagahama, Marta J VanBeek, Jeremy D W Greenlee
Red man syndrome (RMS) is a well-known hypersensitivity reaction caused by intravenous administration of vancomycin, with symptoms ranging from flushing, erythematous rash, pruritus, mild to profound hypotension, and even cardiac arrest. RMS has not previously been described from local application of vancomycin powder in a surgical wound, a technique increasingly utilized for infection prophylaxis in many surgical disciplines including neurosurgery. We describe the first reported case of RMS as a result of local intra-wound application of vancomycin powder for infection prophylaxis...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Xinli Li, William Nylander, Tracy Smith, Soonhee Han, William Gunnar
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) complicates approximately 2% of surgeries in the Veterans Affairs (VA) hospitals. Surgical site infections are responsible for increased morbidity, length of hospital stay, cost, and mortality. Surgical site infection can be minimized by modifying risk factors. In this study, we identified risk factors and developed accurate predictive surgical specialty-specific SSI risk prediction models for the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) surgery population...
February 1, 2018: Surgical Infections
Abdus Samad Ansari, Brittany B Dennis, Dilip Shah, Winfred Baah
BACKGROUND: Pneumocephalus, illustrated by air in the cranial vault is relatively infrequent and generally associated with neurosurgery, trauma, meningitis and barotrauma. However cases of spontaneous non-traumatic pneumocephalus remain rare. While the relationship between continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and atraumatic pneumocephalus has been previously reported, to our knowledge the rare presentation associated with sinus wall osteomyelitis has never been described. We summarize here the case of a 67-year-old woman's acute presentation of Streptococcus salvarius infection after a sudden drop in her consciousness...
January 18, 2018: BMC Emergency Medicine
L Dade Lunsford, Ajay Niranjan
The first surgical procedures for abnormal movement disorders began in the 1930s, when surgeons first proposed ablative techniques of the caudate nucleus or transection of motor (pyramidal) pathways to reduce involuntary movements in patients with Parkinson's related tremor. During the 50-year interval between 1945 and 1995, the development of precise intracranial guiding devices, brain maps, and advanced imaging led to the refinement of appropriate deep brain targets affecting extrapyramidal pathways. Lesional surgery and subsequent neuroaugmentation using deep brain stimulation extended the role of deep brain surgery for a wider group of patients with tremor, rigidity, dyskinesia, and other involuntary movement disorders...
2018: Progress in Neurological Surgery
H Alami, M P Gagnon, R Wootton, J P Fortin, P Zanaboni
BACKGROUND: Norway has a long history of using telemedicine, especially for geographical reasons. Despite the availability of promising telemedicine applications and the implementation of national initiatives and policies, the sustainability and scaling-up of telemedicine in the health system is still far from accomplished. The main objective of this study was to explore and identify the multi-level (micro, meso and macro) factors affecting telemedicine utilization in Norway. METHODS: We used a mixed methods approach...
December 28, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Domagoj Dlaka, Marko Švaco, Darko Chudy, Bojan Jerbić, Bojan Šekoranja, Filip Šuligoj, Josip Vidaković, Fadi Almahariq, Dominik Romić
BACKGROUND: Robotic neuronavigation is becoming an important tool for neurosurgeons. We present a case study of a frameless stereotactic biopsy guided by the RONNA G3 robotic neuronavigation system. METHODS: A 45 year-old patient with a history of vertigo, nausea and vomiting was diagnosed with multiple periventricular lesions. Neurological status was unremarkable. A frameless robotic biopsy of a brain lesion was performed. RESULTS: Three tissue samples were obtained...
February 2018: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
Meaghan J Mackenzie, Rashi Hiranandani, Dongmei Wang, Tak Fung, Eddy Lang
Background Many specialty societies have found that neuroimaging in headache is a low-value intervention for benign presentations. This study describes factors that influence Emergency Room (ER) physicians' adherence to Choosing Wisely (CW) recommendations for low-risk headache patients presenting to Calgary's Emergency Departments (EDs). Emergency medicine has yet to address imaging in headache as a CW topic; however, this study may inform that decision. Methods Data were retrospectively collected for all patients presenting to Calgary EDs with headaches from April 1, 2014 to March 31, 2016...
October 9, 2017: Curēus
Raul Martínez-Fernández, Rafael Rodríguez-Rojas, Marta Del Álamo, Frida Hernández-Fernández, Jose A Pineda-Pardo, Michele Dileone, Fernando Alonso-Frech, Guglielmo Foffani, Ignacio Obeso, Carmen Gasca-Salas, Esther de Luis-Pastor, Lydia Vela, José A Obeso
BACKGROUND: Ablative neurosurgery has been used to treat Parkinson's disease for many decades. MRI-guided focused ultrasound allows focal lesions to be made in deep brain structures without skull incision. We investigated the safety and preliminary efficacy of unilateral subthalamotomy by focused ultrasound in Parkinson's disease. METHODS: This prospective, open-label pilot study was done at CINAC (Centro Integral de Neurociencias), University Hospital HM Puerta del Sur in Madrid, Spain...
January 2018: Lancet Neurology
Hyeong Rae Lee, Nam Kyu You, Sook Jin Seo, Mi Sun Choi
It is not a common case for neurosurgery department and the other departments to perform joint operation at the same time. Patients with severe head injury are a condition in which vital signs are unstable due to severe brain swelling and increased intracranial pressure, and emergency surgery is required. A 44-year-old man visited the trauma center with a motorcycle accident. The Glasgow Coma Scale score at the time of emergency department was 3 points, and the pupil was fixed at 6 mm on both sides. His medical history was unknown...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
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