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History of neurosurgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733171/are-residents-prepared-for-surgical-cases-implications-in-patient-safety-and-education
#1
Minh-Bao Mundschenk, Elizabeth B Odom, Trina D Ghosh, Grant M Kleiber, Andrew Yee, Kamlesh B Patel, Susan E Mackinnon, Marissa M Tenenbaum, Donald W Buck
OBJECTIVE: In surgical education, the areas of focus and evaluation are skewed toward technical skill and operative knowledge; less emphasized is familiarity with the patient's medical history. The purposes of this study were to characterize how surgical trainees prepare for cases and to determine the comprehensiveness of their preparation. DESIGN: A 27-question survey was created through a web-based software program and distributed to all resident physicians and fellows in the Departments of Surgery, Neurosurgery, and Otolaryngology at our institution...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723697/the-history-and-future-of-ablative-neurosurgery-for-major-depressive-disorder
#2
Matthew Volpini, Peter Giacobbe, G Rees Cosgrove, Anthony Levitt, Andres M Lozano, Nir Lipsman
BACKGROUND: There is an urgent need to develop safe and effective treatments for patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Several neurosurgical procedures have been developed to treat the dysfunctional brain circuits implicated in major depression. OBJECTIVES: This review describes the most common ablative procedures used to treat major depressive disorder: anterior cingulotomy, subcaudate tractotomy, limbic leucotomy, and anterior capsulotomy. The efficacy and safety of each are discussed and compared with other current and emerging modalities, including deep brain stimulation (DBS) and MR-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS)...
July 20, 2017: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695337/development-of-pediatric-neurosurgical-service-at-dr-soetomo-hospital-surabaya-indonesia
#3
REVIEW
Wihasto Suryaningtyas, Muhammad Arifin, Agus Turchan, Abdul Hafid Bajamal
PURPOSE: This review traces the history of pediatric neurosurgery at Dr. Soetomo General Hospital (DSGH) and its role in advancing the field of pediatric neurosurgery. METHODS: The history, the founding fathers, and the next generations of the pediatric neurosurgery in DSGH were traced back from original sources and authors' life stories. RESULT: Pediatric neurosurgical service at DSGH has its own unique perspective being a pediatric service in general hospital setting...
July 10, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689386/surgical-informed-consent-process-in-neurosurgery
#4
REVIEW
Jaechan Park, Hyojin Park
The doctrine of informed consent, as opposed to medical paternalism, is intended to facilitate patient autonomy by allowing patient participation in the medical decision-making process. However, regrettably, the surgical informed consent (SIC) process is invariably underestimated and reduced to a documentary procedure to protect physicians from legal liability. Moreover, residents are rarely trained in the clinical and communicative skills required for the SIC process. Accordingly, to increase professional awareness of the SIC process, a brief history and introduction to the current elements of SIC, the obstacles to patient autonomy and SIC, benefits and drawbacks of SIC, planning of an optimal SIC process, and its application to cases of an unruptured intracranial aneurysm are all presented...
July 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681760/department-of-neurosurgery-seth-gordhandas-sunderdas-medical-college-and-king-edward-vii-memorial-k-e-m-hospital-mumbai
#5
Sunil Pandya, Atul Goel
Seth Gordhandas Sunderdas Medical College and King Edward VII Memorial (K.E.M.) Hospital, Mumbai were inaugurated in 1925. This article traces its illustrious history and of the eminent neurosurgeons who shaped its destiny.
July 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675196/st-hugh-s-military-hospital-head-injuries-oxford-1940-1945
#6
M F Weiner, J Silver
Despite being open for only five years, St Hugh's Military Hospital (Head Injuries) has a seminal place in the history of neurology, neurosurgery and rehabilitation medicine. At its peak, during the Normandy campaign of 1944, it provided 430 beds for the treatment of service personnel. Between 1940 and 1945, 13,000 patients were referred to St Hugh's providing a unique opportunity for ground-breaking research into the management of head injuries. The doctors at St Hugh's collaborated with research scientists at Oxford University in many areas of fundamental research including the treatment of infection, the mechanics of brain injury, brain surgery, neuropsychiatry and rehabilitation, and the use of electroencephalograms...
June 2017: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670412/facture-of-the-pars-interarticularis-with-or-without-spondylolisthesis-in-an-adult-population-in-a-developing-country-evaluation-by-multidetector-computed-tomography
#7
Sohail Ahmed Khan, Amjad Sattar, Usman Khanzada, Hatem Adel, Syed Omair Adil, Munawar Hussain
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study. PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of lumbar spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis in a general adult population unrelated to lower back pain as evaluated by multidetector computed tomography. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: There is a significant paucity of information related to the prevalence of spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis and its degenerative changes in a general adult population unrelated to lower back pain in developing countries...
June 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625902/obesity-in-neurosurgery
#8
REVIEW
Mendel D Castle-Kirszbaum, Jin W Tee, Patrick Chan, Martin K Hunn
Obesity is an important consideration in neurosurgical practice. 28.3% of Australian adults are obese and it is estimated that over two-thirds of Australia's population will be overweight or obese by 2025. This review of the effects of obesity on neurosurgical procedures demonstrated that, in patients undergoing spinal surgery, an increased BMI is a significant risk factor for surgical site infection, venous thromboembolism, major medical complications, prolonged length of surgery and increased financial cost...
June 15, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615151/parkinson-s-disease-patient-preference-and-experience-with-various-methods-of-dbs-lead-placement
#9
Sara C LaHue, Jill L Ostrem, Nicholas B Galifianakis, Marta San Luciano, Nathan Ziman, Sarah Wang, Caroline A Racine, Philip A Starr, Paul S Larson, Maya Katz
INTRODUCTION: Physiology-guided deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery requires patients to be awake during a portion of the procedure, which may be poorly tolerated. Interventional MRI-guided (iMRI) DBS surgery was developed to use real-time image guidance, obviating the need for patients to be awake during lead placement. METHODS: All English-speaking adults with PD who underwent iMRI DBS between 2010 and 2014 at our Center were invited to participate. Subjects completed a structured interview that explored perioperative preferences and experiences...
April 17, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596198/pituitary-abscess
#10
Jameela Mohammed Al Salman, Rawan Al Muataz Billa Al Agha, Mohamed Helmy
Pituitary abscess is an uncommon pituitary lesion. Its clinical diagnosis can be difficult to distinguish from other pituitary lesions. This pathology is characterised by vague symptoms of headaches, generalised tiredness and hypopituitarism manifestations. A history of recent meningitis, paranasal sinusitis or head surgery can be a suggestive of the source of infection.A 20-year-old man was admitted to neurosurgery department with complain of headache, fatigue, polyuria, polydipsia, blurred vision and sexual dysfunction...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584681/abdominal-pseudocyst-as-a-complication-of-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-placement-review-of-the-literature-and-a-proposed-algorithm-for-treatment-using-4-illustrative-cases
#11
Samir Kashyap, Hammad Ghanchi, Tanya Minasian, Fanglong Dong, Dan Miulli
BACKGROUND: Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt placement is one of the most commonly performed procedures in neurosurgery. One rare complication is the formation of an abdominal pseudocyst, which can cause shunt malfunction. CASE DESCRIPTIONS: We present four unique cases of abdominal pseudocyst formation. Our first patient initially presented with a right upper quadrant pseudocyst. Shunt was externalized and the distal end was revised with placement of catheter on the opposite side...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574331/risk-factors-for-30-day-reoperation-and-3-month-readmission-analysis-from-the-quality-and-outcomes-database-lumbar-spine-registry
#12
Rishi K Wadhwa, Junichi Ohya, Todd D Vogel, Leah Y Carreon, Anthony L Asher, John J Knightly, Christopher I Shaffrey, Steven D Glassman, Praveen V Mummaneni
OBJECTIVE The aim of this paper was to use a prospective, longitudinal, multicenter outcome registry of patients undergoing surgery for lumbar degenerative disease in order to assess the incidence and factors associated with 30-day reoperation and 90-day readmission. METHODS Prospectively collected data from 9853 patients from the Quality and Outcomes Database (QOD; formerly known as the N(2)QOD [National Neurosurgery Quality and Outcomes Database]) lumbar spine registry were retrospectively analyzed. Multivariate binomial regression analysis was performed to identify factors associated with 30-day reoperation and 90-day readmission after surgery for lumbar degenerative disease...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567318/hemolysis-elevated-liver-enzymes-and-low-platelets-severe-fetal-growth-restriction-postpartum-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-and-craniotomy-a-rare-case-report-and-systematic-review
#13
Shadi Rezai, Justin Faye, Alexander Hughes, Mon-Lai Cheung, Joel R Cohen, Judy A Kaia, Paul N Fuller, Cassandra E Henderson
Introduction. Hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets (HELLP) syndrome is a relatively uncommon but traumatic condition occurring in the later stage of pregnancy as a complication of severe preeclampsia or eclampsia. Prompt brain computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and a multidisciplinary management approach are required to improve perinatal outcome. Case. A 37-year-old, Gravida 6, Para 1-0-4-1, Hispanic female with a history of chronic hypertension presented at 26 weeks and 6 days of gestational age...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567316/spontaneous-nosocomial-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-meningitis-presenting-as-trismus
#14
C J Parr, J Wheeler, A Sharma, C Smith
We describe the case of a 78-year-old female receiving adjuvant postsurgical chemotherapy for colon adenocarcinoma who spontaneously developed nosocomial Pseudomonas meningitis causing severe trismus. The patient was initially admitted for ileus, developing neck stiffness and trismus on the thirteenth day of admission. Cerebrospinal fluid grew pansensitive Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain was consistent with bilateral subacute infarcts secondary to meningitis. The patient responded well to 21 days of broad spectrum antimicrobial therapy modified to ceftazidime alone following speciation and sensitivity...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550628/giovanni-verga-1879-1923-author-of-a-pioneering-treatise-on-pituitary-surgery-the-foundations-of-this-new-field-in-europe-in-the-early-1900s
#15
REVIEW
José M Pascual, Lorenzo Mongardi, Ruth Prieto, Inés Castro-Dufourny, María Rosdolsky, Sewan Strauss, Rodrigo Carrasco, Eduard Winter, Paolo Mazzarello
The field of pituitary surgery was born in the first decade of the twentieth century in Europe, and it evolved rapidly with the development of numerous innovative surgical techniques by some of the founding fathers of neurosurgery. This study investigates the pioneering Italian treatise on pituitary surgery, La Patologia Chirurgica dell'Ipofisi (Surgical Pathology of the Hypophysis), published in 1911 by Giovanni Verga (1879-1923), a surgeon from Pavía and one of Golgi's disciples. This little-known monograph compiles the earliest experience on pituitary surgery through the analysis of the first 50 procedures performed between 1903 and 1911...
May 27, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490152/keyhole-approach-and-neuroendoscopy-for-cerebral-aneurysms
#16
REVIEW
Won-Sang Cho, Jeong Eun Kim, Hyun-Seung Kang, Young-Je Son, Jae Seung Bang, Chang Wan Oh
Treating diseases in the field of neurosurgery has progressed concomitantly with technical advances. Here, as a surgical armamentarium for the treatment of cerebral aneurysms, the history and present status of the keyhole approach and the use of neuroendoscopy are reviewed, including our clinical data. The major significance of keyhole approach is to expose an essential space toward a target, and to minimize brain exposure and retraction. Among several kinds of keyhole approaches, representative keyhole approaches for anterior circulation aneurysms include superciliary and lateral supraorbital, frontolateral, mini-pterional and mini-interhemispheric approaches...
May 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488627/neurosurgery-at-the-bombay-hospital
#17
Chandrashekhar E Deopujari
Neurosurgery at Bombay Hospital started in 1953 when Dr. Ram Ginde joined as the Honorary Neurosurgeon. Over the years, the Department of Neurosurgery has earned the reputation of providing contemporary medical services as well as of imparting excellent training to the neurosurgical residents. Professor S. N. Bhagwati started the prestigious annual 'Ginde oration' in 1991, that has been given by several illustrious orators from across the world and has become a precursor of various medical activities held thereafter...
May 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474715/-the-woman-in-neurosurgery-at-the-national-institute-of-neurology-and-neurosurgery
#18
Sonia Iliana Mejía-Pérez, Claudia Cervera-Martínez, Thalía Estefanía Sánchez-Correa, Teresa Corona-Vázquezo
Women have always had a hard time in the history of medicine; Dr. Isabel Blackwell was the first woman in history to practice medicine. Dr. Diana Beck became the world´s first female neurosurgeon. The first Latin American female neurosurgeon was Dr. María Cristina García Sancho y Álvarez-Tostado. All of these women had to face a large number of social, cultural, and economic obstacles in their path; however, this situation has changed gradually. Dr. Ana Lilia Siordia Karam was the first neurosurgeon to graduate from INNN...
March 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465272/global-diversity-and-academic-success-of-foreign-trained-academic-neurosurgeons-in-the-united-states
#19
Akshitkumar M Mistry, Nishant Ganesh Kumar, Rebecca A Reynolds, Andrew T Hale, John C Wellons, Robert P Naftel
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the proportion of academic neurosurgeons practicing in the United States who acquired residency training outside of the United States and compare their training backgrounds and academic success with those who received their residency training in the United States. METHODS: We identified 1338 clinically active academic neurosurgeons from 104 programs that participated in the neurosurgery residency match in the United States in January-February 2015...
August 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465263/history-of-neurosurgery-in-palestine
#20
REVIEW
Rami Darwazeh, Mazhar Darwazeh, Xiaochuan Sun
BACKGROUND: Palestinian neurosurgery started with Dr. Antone Tarazi as the first Palestinian neurosurgeon. Before that, there was no organized neurosurgery specialty, and general surgeons performed neurosurgical procedures. Here we review the history of neurosurgery and neurosurgical applications in Palestine, evaluate some limitations of the current system, and discuss major challenges to improving this system. METHODS: We collected information from various sources in either English or Arabic...
August 2017: World Neurosurgery
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