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History of neurosurgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290398/government-medical-college-trivandrum-fifty-years-of-neurosurgery-in-kerala-state
#1
Anil Kumar Peethambaran, Raj S Chandran
The Department of Neurosurgery founded in the Trivandrum Medical College, Kerala, the first teaching hospital in Kerala state, is celebrating its 50th anniversary. The history of Neurosurgery in this Institute is synonymous with the history of Neurosurgery in the state as this was the first medical college to start a Neurosurgery department within the state.The students after undergoing their rigorous training in the department, went on to establish advanced neurosurgical centres throughout Kerala and in several other parts of the country...
March 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267682/a-retrospective-descriptive-comparative-study-to-identify-patient-variables-that-contribute-to-the-development-of-deep-tissue-injury-among-patients-in-intensive-care-units
#2
Holly Kirkland-Kyhn, Oleg Teleten, Machelle Wilson
Deep tissue injury (DTI) may develop in critically ill patients despite implementation of preventive interventions. A retrospective, descriptive study was conducted in a 620-bed, level 1 trauma, academic medical center with 7 adult intensive care units ([ICUs] cardiac surgery, trauma surgery, burn surgery, med-surgery, neurosurgery, medical, and transfer) among patients treated from January 1, 2010 to January 1, 2015. All patients 18 years of age or older that developed a sacral DTI that evolved into a Stage 3, Stage 4, or unstageable hospital-acquired pressure ulcers (HAPU) in the ICU were included...
February 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254101/electroacupuncture-assisted-craniotomy-on-an-awake-patient
#3
Amritpal Sidhu, Trushna Murgahayah, Vairavan Narayanan, Hari Chandran, Vicknes Waran
Although acupuncture has existed for over 2000 years, its application as an anesthetic aid began in the 1950s in China. The first surgical procedure performed under acupuncture anesthesia was a tonsillectomy. Soon thereafter, major and minor surgical procedures took place with electroacupuncture alone providing the anesthesia. The procedures performed were diverse, ranging from cardiothoracic surgery to dental extractions. Usage of acupuncture anesthesia, specifically in neurosurgery, has been well documented in hospitals across China, especially in Beijing, dating back to the 1970s...
January 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219086/first-report-of-awake-craniotomy-of-a-famous-musician-suprasellar-tumor-surgery-of-pianist-clara-haskil-in-1942
#4
Elena Romana Gasenzer, Ayhan Kanat, Edmund A M Neugebauer
Clara Haskil (January 7, 1895-December 7, 1960) was one of the most famous female pianists of the 20th century. In her life and work she set new standards in piano playing. However, her career was beset by poor health and the adversities of two world wars. In her lifetime Haskil had three major disorders: juvenile scoliosis requiring treatment in her adolescence, a tumor of the sellar region requiring surgery at age 47 years, and a traumatic brain injury causing her death at the age of 65. Her medical history illustrates the development of surgical methods and rehabilitation in medicine before and after World War II...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210785/on-glioblastoma-and-the-search-for-a-cure-where-do-we-stand
#5
REVIEW
John Bianco, Chiara Bastiancich, Aleksander Jankovski, Anne des Rieux, Véronique Préat, Fabienne Danhier
Although brain tumours have been documented and recorded since the nineteenth century, 2016 marked 90 years since Percival Bailey and Harvey Cushing coined the term "glioblastoma multiforme". Since that time, although extensive developments in diagnosis and treatment have been made, relatively little improvement on prognosis has been achieved. The resilience of GBM thus makes treating this tumour one of the biggest challenges currently faced by neuro-oncology. Aggressive and robust development, coupled with difficulties of complete resection, drug delivery and therapeutic resistance to treatment are some of the main issues that this nemesis presents today...
February 17, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188403/-stereotactic-laser-thermocoagulation-in-epilepsy-surgery
#6
C Hoppe, J-A Witt, C Helmstaedter, T Gasser, H Vatter, C E Elger
In common with other stereotactic procedures, stereotactic laser thermocoagulation (SLT) promises gentle destruction of pathological tissue, which might become especially relevant for epilepsy surgery in the future. Compared to standard resection, no large craniotomy is necessary, cortical damage during access to deep-seated lesions can be avoided and interventions close to eloquent brain areas become possible. We describe the history and rationale of laser neurosurgery as well as the two available SLT systems (Visualase® and NeuroBlate®; CE marks pending)...
February 10, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187805/the-history-of-neurocritical-care
#7
E F M Wijdicks
Critical care medicine came into sharp focus in the second part of the 20th century. The care of acutely ill neurologic patients in the USA may have originated in postoperative neurosurgical units, but for many years patients with neurocritical illness were admitted to intensive care units next to patients with general medical or surgical conditions. Neurologists may have had their first exposure to the complexity of neurocritical care during the poliomyelitis epidemics, but few were interested. Much later, the development of neurocritical care as a legitimate subspecialty was possible as a result of a new cadre of neurologists, with support by departments of neurosurgery and anesthesia, who appreciated their added knowledge and expertise in care of acute neurologic illness...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186478/meaningful-use-an-electronic-medical-record-tool-for-cerebrospinal-fluid-shunt-history
#8
Lance S Governale, Jeffrey M Hoffman
The care of patients with shunted hydrocephalus can be complicated. The best assessment is provided when all data are available to the neurosurgery practitioner. However, data can be time-consuming to gather, especially in the setting of a busy practice, a trainee environment with duty-hour restrictions, and an electronic medical record (EMR) not specifically designed for the needs of subspecialists. For these reasons, the complete clinical picture, especially the historical component, is sometimes not assembled...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176963/expressive-aphasia-caused-by-streptococcus-intermedius-brain-abscess-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#9
Misbahuddin Khaja, Darryl Adler, George Lominadze
BACKGROUND: Brain abscess is an uncommon but life-threatening infection. It involves a focal, intracerebral infection that begins in a localized area of cerebritis and develops into a collection of pus, surrounded by a well-vascularized capsule. Brain abscess still poses a significant problem in developing countries but rarely in developed countries. Predisposing factors vary in different parts of the world. With the introduction of antibiotics and imaging studies, the mortality rate has decreased between 5% and 15%...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175333/history-and-current-status-of-neurosurgery-in-turkey
#10
Talat Kırış, Mehmet Osman Akçakaya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156629/a-whole-greater-than-the-sum-of-the-parts-close-collaboration-between-palliative-care-and-clinical-ethics
#11
(no author information available yet)
53 Background: The disciplines of palliative care (PC) and clinical ethics (CE) share common content but also important distinctions in method, skill set, and clinical role in a given patient encounter. Particularly in cases of advance care planning, complex decision-making, and clarifying goals oncology teams may be challenged to know which consultation service to involve. METHODS: Case report and commentary. RESULTS: A 60 year-old man with a 3-year history of glioblastoma multiforme presented with sudden onset right-sided weakness and altered mental status...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128690/history-of-neurosurgery-at-university-of-toronto-the-st-michael-s-story
#12
Naif M Alotaibi, Daipayan Guha, Christopher S Ahuja, Julian Spears, Paul J Muller, William S Tucker, Alan R Hudson, R Loch Macdonald
In this paper, the authors describe the history of neurosurgery at St. Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto. St. Michael's has long been regarded as one of the top teaching and research hospitals in Canada. A detailed literature review of published and unpublished works was performed to formulate a succinct but in-depth review of its development, successes, and challenges. This fascinating 125-year history serves as a reminder of the importance of their institution's origins, and the authors hope that it will be a useful guide for developing programs around the world...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072804/multidisciplinary-care-of-unruptured-brain-arteriovenous-malformations-to-improve-symptomatic-headache-and-the-onset-progression-and-outcomes-of-unruptured-brain-arteriovenous-malformations
#13
Ling-Feng Lai, Min Chen, Jia-Xiang Chen, Kuang Zheng, Xu-Ying He, Xi-Feng Li, Xin Zhang, Jian Yin, Qiu-Jing Wang, Tuan-Ming Zou, Chuan-Zhi Duan
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic headaches attributed to unruptured brain arteriovenous malformations (ubAVMs) are very common and affect patients' quality life, but multidisciplinary care of ubAVMs to improve symptomatic headache remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The objective is to identify the features of symptomatic headaches, and to obtain headache outcomes following multidisciplinary care of ubAVMs, as well as provide background on the natural history of ubAVMs. STUDY DESIGN: The features of symptomatic headaches and headache outcomes were analyzed in a large cohort of cases after multidisciplinary care of ubAVMs...
January 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028451/diagnostic-and-clinical-management-of-skull-fractures-in-children
#14
Christoph Arneitz, Maria Sinzig, Günter Fasching
OBJECTIVE: The indications of routine skull X-rays after mild head trauma are still in discussion, and the clinical management of a child with a skull fracture remains controversial. The aim of our retrospective study was to evaluate our diagnostic and clinical management of children with skull fractures following minor head trauma. METHODS: We worked up the medical history of all consecutive patients with a skull fracture treated in our hospital from January 2009 to October 2014 and investigated all skull X-rays in our hospital during this period...
2016: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017754/an-ethiopian-training-program-in-neurosurgery-with-norwegian-support
#15
Morten Lund-Johansen, Tsegazeab Laeke, Abenezer Tirsit, Tadios Munie, Mersha Abebe, Abat Sahlu, Hagos Biluts, Knut Wester
After a 4-year planning period, a joint Ethiopian/Norwegian training program in neurosurgery was started in June 2006. The collaborating partners were Addis Ababa University; Department of Surgery, Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital; University of Bergen; Haukeland University Hospital; and Myungsung Christian Medical Center, a Korean missionary hospital in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. A memorandum of understanding was signed at dean/chief executive officer levels. Although other initiatives have been involved in supporting neurosurgery in Addis Ababa during the same period, this institutionally founded program has been the main external contributor to neurosurgical capacity building through the education of 21 Ethiopian neurosurgeons, and in supporting a sustainable environment for neurosurgical training within a network of 5 centers in Addis Ababa...
March 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993746/neurosurgery-in-lebanon-history-development-and-future-challenges
#16
Youssef Fares, Jawad Fares
Lebanon stands out as the one of the first countries in the Middle East and the Arab world to practice the medical specialty of neurosurgery. In addition, Lebanon has one of the best reputations for neurosurgery in this region. This article documents the history and current status of Lebanese neurosurgery. Residency and fellowship trainings are also highlighted, and political, socioeconomic, and academic challenges for the future of the profession are presented.
March 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935890/-surgical-prevention-of-ischaemic-strokes-by-means-of-an-extraintracranial-microanastomosis-eicma-in-the-carotid-basin
#17
V V Krylov, V A Luk'yanchikov, A S Tokarev, O Yu Nakhabin, N A Polunina, I V Sen'ko, V A Dalibaldyan, E V Grigor'eva, N E Kudryashova, G K Guseinova, E V Udodov, T A Fedulova
BACKGROUND: Not less than 50% of all ischaemic strokes appear to occur resulting from pathology of extracranial arteries. Occlusions and stenoses are more commonly encountered in carotid arteries, with the incidence of occlusion of the internal carotid artery (ICA) ranging from 5 to 10% within the structure of all lesions of brachiocephalic arteries (BCA). AIM: The study was aimed at assessing the results of a surgical procedure of extra-intracranial microanastomosis (EICMA) performed in patients presenting with occlusive and stenotic lesions of BCA at the Neurosurgical Department...
2016: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931941/the-unforgettable-neurosurgical-operations-of-musicians-in-last-century
#18
REVIEW
Elena Romana Gasenzer, Ayhan Kanat, Edmund Neugebauer
BACKGROUND: there is no study for interesting craniotomies of famous musician in history. This subject was investigated. MATERIAL ANDMETHODS: The key words were "neurosurgery and music" and the names of composers. We used digital catalogues like "pubmed" as well as the libraries of universities. RESULTS: We found four musicians with different neurosurgical diseases who are Maurice Ravel, George Gershwin, Clara Haskil, Pat Martino.from the 20(th) century eras...
December 5, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824804/predictors-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-in-neurosurgical-patients
#19
Jodi D Hellickson, Wendy R Worden, Crystal Ryan, Anne G Miers, Deborah A Benike, Sydney P Frank, Lori M Rhudy
In the neurosurgery patient population, one of the most frequent complications is postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). The purpose of this predictive correlational study was to examine the incidence and predictors of PONV in a cohort of 519 neurosurgery patients undergoing elective spinal and intracranial procedures. Patients were interviewed, and their medical records were reviewed every 24 hours for up to 72 hours postoperatively to identify risk factors for PONV development. After summarizing univariate associations, a multivariable logistic regression model for each outcome was developed using forward and backward stepwise selection, with the p value for a variable to enter or leave the model set to ...
December 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798988/global-surgery-for-pediatric-hydrocephalus-in-the-developing-world-a-review-of-the-history-challenges-and-future-directions
#20
REVIEW
Ryan T Muir, Shelly Wang, Benjamin C Warf
OBJECTIVE Pediatric hydrocephalus is one of the most common neurosurgical conditions and is a major contributor to the global burden of surgically treatable diseases. Significant health disparities exist for the treatment of hydrocephalus in developing nations due to a combination of medical, environmental, and socioeconomic factors. This review aims to provide the international neurosurgery community with an overview of the current challenges and future directions of neurosurgical care for children with hydrocephalus in low-income countries...
November 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
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