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History of neurosurgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730103/value-of-routine-preoperative-tests-for-coagulation-before-elective-cranial-surgery-results-of-an-institutional-audit-and-a-nationwide-survey-of-neurosurgical-centers-in-pakistan
#1
Naveed Zaman Akhunzada, Muhammad Bilal Tariq, Saad Akhtar Khan, Sidra Sattar, Wajeeha Tariq, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim, Samie Asghar Dogar
Routine preoperative blood testing has become a dogma. The general practice is to order preoperative work up as a knee jerk response rather than individualize it for each patient. The fact that the bleeding brain tends to swell, which coupled with limited options for proximal control, packing and overall hemostasis, leads to an over emphasis on preoperative coagulation profile. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a retrospective review of the medical records of patients admitted at Aga Khan University Hospital from January 2010 to December 2015 for an elective craniotomy...
May 3, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709757/rapid-recovery-of-spontaneous-spinal-epidural-hematoma-without-surgical-treatment-a-case-reportand-literature-review
#2
Shu Baozhang, Fengyang Geng, Jiyue Wang, Zhiti Zhang, Chigang Du
BACKGROUND: Spontaneousspinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is a relatively uncommon yet potentially disabling neurological emergency.The classical presentation includes a severe acute attack, sometimes radiating pain at the back,interscapular, or neckareas, followed by neurological deficits. The main treatment is surgical,and self-healing cases are rare. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 17-year-old female was admitted to the department of neurosurgery with neck pain, myasthenia of the limbs, and difficulty moving...
April 27, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704690/a-systematic-review-of-the-semi-sitting-position-in-neurosurgical-patients-with-patent-foramen-ovale-how-frequent-is-paradoxical-embolism
#3
REVIEW
Johann Klein, Tareq A Juratli, Matthias Weise, Gabriele Schackert
The semi-sitting position is preferred in some surgeries of the posterior fossa and the cervical spine. At the same time, it is associated with the risk of air embolism. In the presence of a patent foramen ovale (PFO) with intracardial right-to-left shunt, an air embolism can result in a paradoxical embolism to the heart or brain. It is unclear whether the risk-benefit ratio favors the semi-sitting position in this scenario. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review of the relevant studies published after 2007 by searching the databases PubMed, Science Direct and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews for relevant articles...
April 25, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702965/neurosurgery-in-east-africa-foundations
#4
Halinder S Mangat, Karsten Schöller, Karol P Budohoski, Japhet G Ngerageza, Mahmood Qureshi, Maria M Santos, Hamisi K Shabani, Micaella R Zubkov, Roger Härtl, Philip E Stieg
This article is the first in a series of 3 articles that seek to provide readers with an understanding of the development of neurosurgery in East Africa (Foundations), the challenges that arise in providing neurosurgical care in developing countries (Challenges), and an overview of traditional and novel approaches to overcoming these challenges to improve healthcare in the region (Innovations). We review the history and evolution of neurosurgery as a clinical specialty in East Africa. We also review Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania in some detail and highlight contributions of individuals and local and regional organizations that helped to develop and shape neurosurgical care in East Africa...
May 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701560/high-prevalence-of-prior-contact-sports-play-and-concussion-among-orthopedic-and-neurosurgical-department-chairs
#5
Je Yeong Sone, S Courtney-Kay Lamb, Kristina Techar, Vikalpa Dammavalam, Mohit Uppal, Cedric Williams, Thomas Bergman, David Tupper, Paul Ort, Uzma Samadani
OBJECTIVE Increased understanding of the consequences of traumatic brain injury has heightened concerns about youth participation in contact sports. This study investigated the prevalence of high school and collegiate contact sports play and concussion history among surgical department chairs. METHODS A cross-sectional survey was administered to 107 orthopedic and 74 neurosurgery chairs. Responses were compared to published historical population norms for contact sports (high school 27.74%, collegiate 1.44%), football (high school 10...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701542/for-the-further-training-of-individuals-in-neurosurgery-a-history-of-the-william-p-van-wagenen-fellowship
#6
Tyler M Schmidt, Ian A DeAndrea-Lazarus, Kristopher T Kimmell, G Edward Vates, Stephen J Haines, Webster H Pilcher
The William P. Van Wagenen Fellowship, celebrating its 50th anniversary, is an annual award given by the AANS and administered by the Neurosurgery Research and Education Foundation (NREF). Named after its benefactor, Dr. William Van Wagenen, the fellowship continues his legacy of mentorship and innovation. As the premier research award for young neurosurgeons, it has provided a foundation for career development for many thought leaders in the field. The award was created in the spirit of Van Wagenen's belief in collaboration with other institutions as a means of refining neurosurgical technique, creating new research initiatives, and improving patient outcomes...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687859/clinical-diagnosis-of-cerebral-vasospasm-after-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-by-using-transcranial-doppler-sonography
#7
D-D Li, J-Y Chang, C-X Zhou, J-B Cui
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diagnosis of cerebral vasospasm (CVS) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) by transcranial Doppler (TCD) sonography. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 90 patients with SAH admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery of Weifang People's Hospital from January 2016 to December 2016 were selected. TCD and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) were used to diagnose the prevalence of CVS in patients. The severity of disease was evaluated (improved-Fisher grading)...
April 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675071/pediatric-head-injury-a-study-of-403-cases-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-a-developing-country
#8
Abrar Ahad Wani, Arif Hussain Sarmast, Muzaffar Ahangar, Nayil Khursheed Malik, Sarabjit Singh Chhibber, Sajad Hussain Arif, Altaf Umar Ramzan, Bashir Ahmed Dar, Zulfiqar Ali
Introduction: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Falls are the most common type of injury, followed by motor vehicle-related accidents and child abuse. Aims and Objectives: The aim and objective of this study was to elucidate the various modes of injury, prognostic factors, complications, incidence of various modes of injury, and outcome in TBI in pediatric population. Materials and Methods: Patients with TBI, 18 years or less in age, managed in our Department of Neurosurgery, over a period of 2 years, were studied prospectively...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666075/rogue-one-a-story-of-tophaceous-gout-in-the-spine
#9
Karthik Dwarki, Andy Dothard, Bryan Abadie, Matthew C Miles
A 26-year-old man with history of extensive tophaceous gout presented to the referring facility with decreased bilateral lower extremity sensation and motor function that began acutely 1 week prior to admission and had progressed to urinary incontinence. The patient was admitted to the intensive care unit due to concern for sepsis secondary to epidural abscess. The patient was started on empiric vancomycin and cefepime. Neurosurgery did not recommend acute neurosurgical intervention given the lack of a compressive lesion...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626688/the-houdini-tumor-a-case-report-and-literature-review-of-pregnancy-associated-meningiomas
#10
Vikram Chakravarthy, Brett Kaplan, Vadim Gospodarev, Hannah Myers, Kenneth De Los Reyes, Adina Achiriloaie
BACKGROUND: Meningiomas are common intracranial neoplasms of undetermined etiology. Accelerated growth during episodes of elevated serum estrogen and progesterone have been demonstrated in pregnant patients, as exhibited by an overexpression of estrogen or progesterone upon immunohistochemical analysis. This case report and literature review describes a case of complete meningioma regression in a postpartum patient. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 23-year-old female presented at 37 weeks of pregnancy with 1-month history of fluctuating severe left-sided headaches, periodic blurry vision, nausea and vomiting...
April 4, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617854/microsurgical-treatment-of-bowhunter-s-syndrome-3-dimensional-operative-video
#11
Vijay Agarwal, Daniel L Barrow
We present the case of a 56-yr-old previously healthy male who presented with an approximately 1-yr history of intermittent dizziness, near syncope, and holocephalic headaches when turning his head to the left side for a prolonged period of time. He had a distant history of a previous anterior cervical discectomy and fusion at the C6-7 level. He was neurologically intact. Static, dynamic, and vascular imaging confirmed hypoplasia of the right vertebral artery and dominance of the left vertebral artery that completely filled the posterior circulation...
March 29, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610595/the-basic-steps-of-evolution-of-brain-surgery
#12
Alexandrina Nikova, Theodossios Birbilis
Objective and conclusion: Neurosurgery is probably the most constantly developing specialty of all times. Its dimension is enormous and its history, Ancient. The evolution of neurosurgery from the Mayan and Egyptian periods to the Renaissance and the 21st century was the result of many physicians and patients whose experiences lead to the revolution of modernization. Today, the field of neurosurgery is continuously expanding, aiming to introduce knowledge and technologies that could provide a new futuristic wave of medicine...
December 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579354/penetrating-head-injuries-in-children-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-in-australia-and-new-zealand-a-predict-prospective-study
#13
Franz E Babl, Mark D Lyttle, Silvia Bressan, Meredith L Borland, Natalie Phillips, Amit Kochar, Sarah Dalton, John A Cheek, Yuri Gilhotra, Jeremy Furyk, Jocelyn Neutze, Susan Donath, Stephen Hearps, Marta Arpone, Louise Crowe, Stuart R Dalziel, Ruth Barker, Ed Oakley
AIM: Penetrating head injuries (pHIs) are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Data on pHIs in children outside North America are limited. We describe the mechanism of injuries, neuroimaging findings, neurosurgery and mortality for pHIs in Australia and New Zealand. METHODS: This was a planned secondary analysis of a prospective observational study of children <18 years who presented with a head injury of any severity at any of 10 predominantly paediatric Australian/New Zealand emergency departments (EDs) between 2011 and 2014...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541533/impulse-control-disorders-in-parkinson-s-sleep-disorders-and-nondopaminergic-associations
#14
Samuel Carbunaru, Robert S Eisinger, Adolfo Ramirez-Zamora, Dana Bassan, Amin Cervantes-Arriaga, Mayela Rodriguez-Violante, Daniel Martinez-Ramirez
Objectives: Impulse control disorders (ICDs) are common among patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Risk factors identified for developing ICDs include young age, family history, and impulsive personality traits. However, the association of these potentially disabling disorders with nondopaminergic drugs and sleep disorders has been understudied. Our objective was to examine the association between ICDs and nondopaminergic medications and sleep disorders. Methods: We conducted an observational study of 53 patients with PD from the National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery...
March 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536502/concussion-a-history-of-science-and-medicine-1870-2005
#15
REVIEW
Stephen T Casper
OBJECTIVE: To review the intellectual history of concussion from the mid-19th century to the opening decade of the 21st century. BACKGROUND: Head injuries (HI) and their acute and long-term effects have been investigated for centuries, with major reviews of the topic appearing by 1870. Thus, while it has long been acknowledged that chronic traumatic encephalopathy was first described by Harrison Martland in 1928, an examination of the history of concussion research up to Martland's seminal report places his studies in a deeper historical context...
March 14, 2018: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520436/history-and-current-state-of-pediatric-neurosurgery-at-beijing-tiantan-hospital-neurosurgery-center
#16
EDITORIAL
Wei Liu, Jie Tang, Nicholas Van Halm-Lutterodt, Shiqi Luo, Chunde Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503781/preoperative-stereotactic-radiosurgery-of-brain-metastases-preliminary-results
#17
Elena Vetlova, Denis A Golbin, Andrey V Golanov, Alexander A Potapov, Sergey M Banov, Natalia Antipina, Valery V Kostjuchenko, Dmitry Y Usachev, Artem Y Belyaev, Sergey Goryaynov
INTRODUCTION:  Preoperative stereotactic radiosurgery (pre-SRS) is a recent advancement in the strategy for brain metastasis (BM) management, and available data demonstrate the advantages of pre-SRS before postoperative radiation treatment, including lower rates of local toxicity, leptomeningeal progression, and a high percentage of local control. The authors presented the results of pre-SRS in patients with BM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen patients with BM (11 female and eight male) have been treated at N...
December 26, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499015/electrical-stimulation-mapping-of-the-brain-basic-principles-and-emerging-alternatives
#18
Anthony L Ritaccio, Peter Brunner, Gerwin Schalk
The application of electrical stimulation mapping (ESM) of the brain for clinical use is approximating a century. Despite this long-standing history, the value of ESM for guiding surgical resections and sparing eloquent cortex is documented largely by small retrospective studies, and ESM protocols are largely inherited and lack standardization. Although models are imperfect and mechanisms are complex, the probabilistic causality of ESM has guaranteed its perpetuation into the 21st century. At present, electrical stimulation of cortical tissue is being revisited for network connectivity...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498572/prevalence-management-and-outcome-of-problem-residents-among-neurosurgical-training-programs-in-the-united-states
#19
Hari S Raman, David D Limbrick, Wilson Z Ray, Dean W Coble, Sophie Church, Ralph G Dacey, Gregory J Zipfel
OBJECTIVE The challenging nature of neurosurgical residency necessitates that appropriate measures are taken by training programs to ensure that residents are properly progressing through their education. Residents who display a pattern of performance deficiencies must be identified and promptly addressed by faculty and program directors to ensure that resident training and patient care are not affected. While studies have been conducted to characterize these so-called "problem residents" in other specialties, no current data regarding the prevalence and management of such residents in neurosurgery exist...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465283/augmented-reality-in-dentistry-a-current-perspective
#20
Ho-Beom Kwon, Young-Seok Park, Jung-Suk Han
Augmentation reality technology offers virtual information in addition to that of the real environment and thus opens new possibilities in various fields. The medical applications of augmentation reality are generally concentrated on surgery types, including neurosurgery, laparoscopic surgery and plastic surgery. Augmentation reality technology is also widely used in medical education and training. In dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery is the primary area of use, where dental implant placement and orthognathic surgery are the most frequent applications...
February 21, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
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