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History of neurosurgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332069/the-history-of-movement-disorder-brain-surgery
#1
L Dade Lunsford, Ajay Niranjan
The first surgical procedures for abnormal movement disorders began in the 1930s, when surgeons first proposed ablative techniques of the caudate nucleus or transection of motor (pyramidal) pathways to reduce involuntary movements in patients with Parkinson's related tremor. During the 50-year interval between 1945 and 1995, the development of precise intracranial guiding devices, brain maps, and advanced imaging led to the refinement of appropriate deep brain targets affecting extrapyramidal pathways. Lesional surgery and subsequent neuroaugmentation using deep brain stimulation extended the role of deep brain surgery for a wider group of patients with tremor, rigidity, dyskinesia, and other involuntary movement disorders...
2018: Progress in Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282048/exploring-factors-associated-with-the-uneven-utilization-of-telemedicine-in-norway-a-mixed-methods-study
#2
H Alami, M P Gagnon, R Wootton, J P Fortin, P Zanaboni
BACKGROUND: Norway has a long history of using telemedicine, especially for geographical reasons. Despite the availability of promising telemedicine applications and the implementation of national initiatives and policies, the sustainability and scaling-up of telemedicine in the health system is still far from accomplished. The main objective of this study was to explore and identify the multi-level (micro, meso and macro) factors affecting telemedicine utilization in Norway. METHODS: We used a mixed methods approach...
December 28, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232764/brain-biopsy-performed-with-the-ronna-g3-system-a-case-study-on-using-a-novel-robotic-navigation-device-for-stereotactic-neurosurgery
#3
Domagoj Dlaka, Marko Švaco, Darko Chudy, Bojan Jerbić, Bojan Šekoranja, Filip Šuligoj, Josip Vidaković, Fadi Almahariq, Dominik Romić
BACKGROUND: Robotic neuronavigation is becoming an important tool for neurosurgeons. We present a case study of a frameless stereotactic biopsy guided by the RONNA G3 robotic neuronavigation system. METHODS: A 45 year-old patient with a history of vertigo, nausea and vomiting was diagnosed with multiple periventricular lesions. Neurological status was unremarkable. A frameless robotic biopsy of a brain lesion was performed. RESULTS: Three tissue samples were obtained...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226050/determinants-of-computed-tomography-head-scan-ordering-for-patients-with-low-risk-headache-in-the-emergency-department
#4
Meaghan J Mackenzie, Rashi Hiranandani, Dongmei Wang, Tak Fung, Eddy Lang
Background Many specialty societies have found that neuroimaging in headache is a low-value intervention for benign presentations. This study describes factors that influence Emergency Room (ER) physicians' adherence to Choosing Wisely (CW) recommendations for low-risk headache patients presenting to Calgary's Emergency Departments (EDs). Emergency medicine has yet to address imaging in headache as a CW topic; however, this study may inform that decision. Methods Data were retrospectively collected for all patients presenting to Calgary EDs with headaches from April 1, 2014 to March 31, 2016...
October 9, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203153/focused-ultrasound-subthalamotomy-in-patients-with-asymmetric-parkinson-s-disease-a-pilot-study
#5
Raul Martínez-Fernández, Rafael Rodríguez-Rojas, Marta Del Álamo, Frida Hernández-Fernández, Jose A Pineda-Pardo, Michele Dileone, Fernando Alonso-Frech, Guglielmo Foffani, Ignacio Obeso, Carmen Gasca-Salas, Esther de Luis-Pastor, Lydia Vela, José A Obeso
BACKGROUND: Ablative neurosurgery has been used to treat Parkinson's disease for many decades. MRI-guided focused ultrasound allows focal lesions to be made in deep brain structures without skull incision. We investigated the safety and preliminary efficacy of unilateral subthalamotomy by focused ultrasound in Parkinson's disease. METHODS: This prospective, open-label pilot study was done at CINAC (Centro Integral de Neurociencias), University Hospital HM Puerta del Sur in Madrid, Spain...
December 1, 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201849/concurrent-surgery-of-craniectomy-and-splenectomy-as-initial-treatment-in-severe-traumatic-head-injury-a-case-report
#6
Hyeong Rae Lee, Nam Kyu You, Sook Jin Seo, Mi Sun Choi
It is not a common case for neurosurgery department and the other departments to perform joint operation at the same time. Patients with severe head injury are a condition in which vital signs are unstable due to severe brain swelling and increased intracranial pressure, and emergency surgery is required. A 44-year-old man visited the trauma center with a motorcycle accident. The Glasgow Coma Scale score at the time of emergency department was 3 points, and the pupil was fixed at 6 mm on both sides. His medical history was unknown...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196311/unusual-cause-of-encephalopathy-after-brain-surgery
#7
Zayan Mahmooth, James G Malcolm, Jeremy S Wetzel, Faiz U Ahmad
For patients who have had a recent neurosurgical procedure, a visit to the emergency department for encephalopathy may automatically prompt a neurosurgical consult. We present a case of a patient with a history of Chiari malformation decompressed 6 months prior who presented with a 2-week history of slowly progressive altered mental status, headache and imbalance-symptoms consistent with her initial Chiari symptoms, so neurosurgery was consulted. Imaging showed no acute abnormality, but laboratory results revealed metabolic acidosis with high salicylate levels...
December 1, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180086/history%C3%AF-current-situation-and-future-development-of-endoscopic-neurosurgery-in-china
#8
REVIEW
Chuzhong Li, Haibo Zhu, Xuyi Zong, Xinsheng Wang, Songbai Gui, Peng Zhao, Yazhuo Zhang
During the past few decades, Chinese endoscopic neurosurgery has achieved rapid development that has been synchronous with the rest of the world. The development history of Chinese endoscopic neurosurgery can be divided into three stages as follows: cognition and initial stage (1964-1995), exploration and maturity stage (1995-2006) and rapid development and promotion stage (2006-present). In the first stage, we mainly began to become aware of endoscopic neurosurgery from the translation and review of foreign literature...
November 24, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163069/notes-on-the-recent-history-of-neuroscience-in-africa
#9
REVIEW
Vivienne A Russell
Neuroscience began with neuroanatomy and neurosurgery in Egypt more than 5000 years ago. Knowledge grew over time and specialized neurosurgery centers were established in north Africa in the eleventh century. However, it was not until the twentieth century that neuroscience research became established in sub-Saharan Africa. In most African countries, clinical research focused on understanding the rationale and improving treatment of epilepsy, infections, nutritional neuropathies, stroke and tumors. Significant advances were made...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134341/universit%C3%A3-tsspital-z%C3%A3-rich-80-years-of-neurosurgical-patient-care-in-switzerland
#10
Martin N Stienen, Carlo Serra, Lennart H Stieglitz, Niklaus Krayenbühl, Oliver Bozinov, Luca Regli
BACKGROUND: The predecessor of today's Department of Neurosurgery, UniversitätsSpital Zürich (USZ), was founded 80 years ago as the first independent Swiss clinic dedicated to neurosurgical patient care. On the occasion of this anniversary, we aimed to highlight the history of neurosurgery as a specialty at the USZ, and to put it into the historical context of Swiss and European Neurosurgery. METHOD: A literature review was conducted and we searched the archives of the USZ and the city of Zurich, as well as those of Swiss journals to extract relevant published articles, books, historical reports and pictures...
November 13, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133716/the-department-of-neurosurgery-g-b-pant-hospital-new-delhi
#11
Anita Jagetia, Daljit Singh, Arvind K Srivastava, A K Singh
The history of the prestigious Department of Neurosurgery, Gobind Ballabh Pant Institute of Medical Education Institute and Research, New Delhi, a leading tertiary care centre, is presented. Its eminent faculty and outstanding patient care attracts patients and students from all over the country.The patients opt for this institution to get a standard of care that may be comparable with the highest standards prevalent; and, the students achieve their goal of getting excellent education in Neurosurgery at par with the best institutes of the world...
November 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121841/prophylactic-inferior-vena-cava-filter-utilization-and-risk-factors-for-nonretrieval
#12
Jordan R Stern, Danielle E Cafasso, Andrew J Meltzer, Darren B Schneider, Sharif H Ellozy, Peter H Connolly
PURPOSE: Inferior vena cava filters (IVCFs) are often placed for prophylactic indications. We sought to better define the range of practice indications for placement of prophylactic IVCFs, as well as the specific retrieval rate and risk factors for nonretrieval. METHODS: A retrospective, single-institution review of patients undergoing IVCF placement over a 2-year period was performed. Patients undergoing prophylactic IVCF placement were selected from a prospectively collected database...
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114309/pneumocephalus-following-dorsal-laminectomy-an-unusual-complication
#13
Brajesh Kumar, Chirantan Banerjee, Samarendra Nath Ghosh
A 16-year-old male presented at Bangur Institute of Neurosciences Neurosurgery Outpatient Department with history of gradually progressive paraparesis for 5 months associated with stiffness, urinary hesitancy, and urge incontinence for last 2 months. Magnetic resonance imaging spine was done which showed cystic intradural extramedullary space occupying lesion at D4/D5 to D9. Patient had 2 episodes of generalized tonic-clonic seizure on the day 4. Computed tomography scan showed pneumocephalus. Histopathological examination report was that of nonspecific inflammatory cyst...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076419/intraoperative-seizures-anesthetic-drugs-and-antiepileptic-drugs
#14
Alberto Uribe, Alix Zuleta-Alarcon, Mahmoud Kassem, Gurneet S Sandhu, Sergio D Bergese
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a common condition with up to 1% prevalence in the general population. In the perioperative course of neurologic surgery patients, the use of prophylactic and therapeutic antiepileptic drugs is a common practice. Nonetheless, there is limited evidence supporting the use of prophylactic antiepileptics to prevent perioperative seizures and there are no guidelines for which anesthetic technique is preferred. OBJECTIVE: To discuss the seizurogenic potential of anesthetic drugs and to discuss intraoperative seizures in neurosurgical patients...
October 24, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061450/the-history-of-neurosurgery-in-the-hawaiian-islands
#15
REVIEW
Christian Swinney, William Obana
The field of neurosurgery has a rich and fascinating history. The development of the specialty in Hawaii has been particularly unique, given the state's remote location, indigenous population, and military presence. The life of Dr. Cloward, Hawaii's most noted neurosurgeon, has received some attention in the literature. However, a comprehensive review of this history, including the pre-Cloward and post-Cloward era, is lacking. Thus, this article will review and chronicle the development of neurosurgery in Hawaii with special attention to three topics: the traveling neurosurgeons of the early 20th century, such as Dr...
October 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056504/superior-oblique-myokymia
#16
REVIEW
Mia Zhang, Aubrey Gilbert, David G Hunter
Superior oblique myokymia (SOM) is a rare condition of unclear etiology. We discuss the history, etiology, clinical features, differential diagnoses, management, and prognosis of SOM. We conducted a meta-analysis of all 116 cases published since SOM was first described in 1906. The age at examination was 17-72 years (mean: 42 years.) There was a right-sided preponderance in 61% of cases (P < 0.02) that was statistically significant in females (63%, P < 0.04) but not in males (59%, P = 0.18). The pathophysiology of SOM may be neurovascular compression and/or ephaptic transmission...
October 19, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035775/avoiding-the-pocket-a-case-report-of-coiling-of-distal-shunt-catheter-into-subcutaneous-pocket
#17
Richard Justin Garling, Sandeep Sood, Carolyn Anne Harris
INTRODUCTION: Hydrocephalus is one of the most common disorders of neurosurgery and ventricular shunting, the primary surgical intervention, malfunctions in 85% of patients by 10 years. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Here we present a case of a 12-year-old girl with history of a vagal nerve stimulator (VNS) and ventricular shunt, most recently revised from ventriculoatrial (VA) to ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt at an outside hospital. The patient presented with a new left chest bulge, nausea, emesis, and seizures...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959873/prognostic-factors-in-chronic-subdural-hematoma-results-from-a-monocentric-consecutive-surgical-series-of-605-patients
#18
Susanna Bacigaluppi, Fedra Guastalli, Nicola L Bragazzi, Alberto Balestrino, Paolo Bruzzi, Gianluigi Zona
BACKGROUND: The study of age-related diseases like chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is of high interest, considered the general ageing of the population. This investigation aimed to identify the main clinical characteristics of CSDH patients, to evaluate the impact of the disease on quality of life, its treatment and co-morbidities/complications and to compare our data with other surgical series published over the past 5 years. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study including all consecutive patients operated for CSDH between January 1st 2006 and December 31st 2013 at the Unit of Neurosurgery of our hospital was carried out...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903840/burr-hole-aspiration-of-brain-abscess-in-children-with-cyanotic-heart-disease
#19
Muhammad Ashraf, Shakeel Ahmed, Shafiq Ahmad, Mukhtar Hussain
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of burr hole aspiration of brain abscess in children with cyanotic heart disease in terms of number of aspirations and residual abscess. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery at The Children's Hospital and The Institute of Child Health, Multan, from July 2010 to June 2014. METHODOLOGY: Pediatric patients of cyanotic heart disease with brain abscess were admitted...
August 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903101/citation-classics-in-stroke-the-top-100-cited-articles-on-hemorrhagic-stroke
#20
Yerim Kim, Dae Young Yoon, Jee-Eun Kim, Kang Min Park, Ju-Hun Lee, Hong-Ki Song, Jong Seok Bae
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a disastrous disease and a major health burden worldwide, especially in Korea. Hemorrhagic stroke (HS) accounts for approximately 20% of all the types of strokes. It is important to be able to evaluate stroke diagnoses and evolving treatments. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify the top-100 cited articles and assess a paradigm shift that occurred in the field of HS. METHODS: We searched all articles that had been cited more than 100 times using the Web of Science citation search tool during January 2016...
2017: European Neurology
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