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History of neurosurgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903840/burr-hole-aspiration-of-brain-abscess-in-children-with-cyanotic-heart-disease
#1
Muhammad Ashraf, Shakeel Ahmed, Shafiq Ahmad, Mukhtar Hussain
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of burr hole aspiration of brain abscess in children with cyanotic heart disease in terms of number of aspirations and residual abscess. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery at The Children's Hospital and The Institute of Child Health, Multan, from July 2010 to June 2014. METHODOLOGY: Pediatric patients of cyanotic heart disease with brain abscess were admitted...
August 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903101/citation-classics-in-stroke-the-top-100-cited-articles-on-hemorrhagic-stroke
#2
Yerim Kim, Dae Young Yoon, Jee-Eun Kim, Kang Min Park, Ju-Hun Lee, Hong-Ki Song, Jong Seok Bae
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a disastrous disease and a major health burden worldwide, especially in Korea. Hemorrhagic stroke (HS) accounts for approximately 20% of all the types of strokes. It is important to be able to evaluate stroke diagnoses and evolving treatments. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify the top-100 cited articles and assess a paradigm shift that occurred in the field of HS. METHODS: We searched all articles that had been cited more than 100 times using the Web of Science citation search tool during January 2016...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885096/infant-hydrocephalus-in-sub-saharan-africa-the-reality-on-the-tanzanian-side-of-the-lake
#3
Maria M Santos, Derick K Rubagumya, Imani Dominic, Amos Brighton, Soledad Colombe, Philip O'Donnell, Micaella R Zubkov, Roger Härtl
OBJECTIVE Infant hydrocephalus is estimated to affect more than 100,000 new infants each year in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Bugando Medical Centre (BMC), a government-funded and patient cost-shared referral center, serves over 13 million people in the Lake and Western regions of Tanzania. The goals of this study were to characterize the infant population affected by hydrocephalus who presented to BMC and were treated with a ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) to determine the rate of early complications associated with this surgical procedure and to assess its potential risk factors...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868202/a-thoracic-vertebral-localization-of-a-metastasized-cutaneous-merkel-cell-carcinoma-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#4
Rosario Maugeri, Antonella Giugno, Roberto G Giammalva, Carlo Gulì, Luigi Basile, Francesca Graziano, Domenico G Iacopino
BACKGROUND: Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare neuroendocrine skin tumor, which may be related to sun exposure. It can metastasize to lungs, liver and bone, leading to severe morbidity and mortality. Vertebral metastases from MCC are rare. The authors report the tenth case in the literature, a 59-year-old patient with MCC, which was primarily localized in the scalp, and later provoked distant metastasis to the thoracic spinal column. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 59-year-old woman was admitted at our Unit of Neurosurgery with a 4-month history of progressive and severe dorsal back pain, without neurological signs...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867172/untreated-unruptured-aneurysm-natural-history-at-long-term
#5
V Gilard, L Terrier, O Langlois, S Derrey, S Curey, F Proust
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although the diagnosis of unruptured intracranial aneurysm (IA) has become more frequent, its natural history and management still remain controversial. A better comprehension of its evolution could optimize our therapeutic strategies. The aim of our study was to evaluate, in a cohort of patients with untreated unruptured IA based on the proposition of multidisciplinary staff meetings, the proportion of bleeding, death and cardiovascular events during a long-term prospective follow-up...
August 31, 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859569/introduction-neurosurgery-psychiatry-and-function-the-history-of-altering-behavior-thought-and-function-through-neurosurgery
#6
Mark C Preul, T Forcht Dagi, Charles J Prestigiacomo, Chris A Sloffer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859568/a-brief-note-on-the-history-of-psychosurgery-in-japan
#7
Jiro Nudeshima, Takaomi Taira
In Japan, there has been no neurosurgical treatment for psychiatric disorders since the 1970s. Even deep brain stimulation (DBS) has not been studied or used for psychiatric disorders. Neurosurgery for psychiatric disorders has been thwarted by social taboos for many years, and psychiatrists today seem to simply ignore modern developments and therapies offered by neurosurgery such as DBS. As a result, most patients and their families do not know such "last-resort" options exist. Historically, as in other countries, frontal lobotomies were widely performed in Japan in the 1940s and 1950s, and some Japanese neurosurgeons used stereotactic methods for the treatment of psychiatric disorders until the 1960s...
September 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859567/the-hypothalamus-at-the-crossroads-of-psychopathology-and-neurosurgery
#8
Daniel A N Barbosa, Ricardo de Oliveira-Souza, Felipe Monte Santo, Ana Carolina de Oliveira Faria, Alessandra A Gorgulho, Antonio A F De Salles
The neurosurgical endeavor to treat psychiatric patients may have been part of human history since its beginning. The modern era of psychosurgery can be traced to the heroic attempts of Gottlieb Burckhardt and Egas Moniz to alleviate mental symptoms through the ablation of restricted areas of the frontal lobes in patients with disabling psychiatric illnesses. Thanks to the adaptation of the stereotactic frame to human patients, the ablation of large volumes of brain tissue has been practically abandoned in favor of controlled interventions with discrete targets...
September 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859566/history-of-psychosurgery-at-sainte-anne-hospital-paris-france-through-translational-interactions-between-psychiatrists-and-neurosurgeons
#9
Marc Zanello, Johan Pallud, Nicolas Baup, Sophie Peeters, Baris Turak, Marie Odile Krebs, Catherine Oppenheim, Raphael Gaillard, Bertrand Devaux
Sainte-Anne Hospital is the largest psychiatric hospital in Paris. Its long and fascinating history began in the 18th century. In 1952, it was at Sainte-Anne Hospital that Jean Delay and Pierre Deniker used the first neuroleptic, chlorpromazine, to cure psychiatric patients, putting an end to the expansion of psychosurgery. The Department of Neuro-psychosurgery was created in 1941. The works of successive heads of the Neurosurgery Department at Sainte-Anne Hospital summarized the history of psychosurgery in France...
September 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859560/topectomy-versus-leukotomy-j-lawrence-pool-s-contribution-to-psychosurgery
#10
Ryan Holland, David Kopel, Peter W Carmel, Charles J Prestigiacomo
Surgery of the mind has a rather checkered past. Though its history begins with the prehistoric trephination of skulls to allow "evil spirits" to escape, the early- to mid-20th century saw a surge in the popularity of psychosurgery. The 2 prevailing operations were topectomy and leukotomy for the treatment of certain mental illnesses. Although they were modified and refined by several of their main practitioners, the effectiveness of and the ethics involved with these operations remained controversial. In 1947, Dr...
September 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859559/the-origins-and-persistence-of-psychosurgery-in-the-state-of-iowa
#11
Francis J Jareczek, Marshall T Holland, Matthew A Howard, Timothy Walch, Taylor J Abel
Neurosurgery for the treatment of psychological disorders has a checkered history in the United States. Prior to the advent of antipsychotic medications, individuals with severe mental illness were institutionalized and subjected to extreme therapies in an attempt to palliate their symptoms. Psychiatrist Walter Freeman first introduced psychosurgery, in the form of frontal lobotomy, as an intervention that could offer some hope to those patients in whom all other treatments had failed. Since that time, however, the use of psychosurgery in the United States has waxed and waned significantly, though literature describing its use is relatively sparse...
September 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856550/frequency-and-clinical-significance-of-chromosome-7-and-10-aneuploidies-amplification-of-the-egfr-gene-deletion-of-pten-and-tp53-genes-and-1p-19q-deficiency-in-a-sample-of-adult-patients-diagnosed-with-glioblastoma-from-southern-brazil
#12
Dayane B Koshiyama, Patrícia Trevisan, Carla Graziadio, Rafael F M Rosa, Bibiana Cunegatto, Juliete Scholl, Valentina O Provenzi, Alexandre P de Sá, Fabiano P Soares, Maíra C Velho, Nelson de A P Filho, Ceres A Oliveira, Paulo R G Zen
Glioblastoma stands out as the most frequent central nervous system neoplasia, presenting a poor prognosis. The aim of this study was to verify the frequency and clinical significance of the aneuploidy of chromosomes 7 and 10, EGFR amplification, PTEN and TP53 deletions and 1p/19q deficiency in adult patients diagnosed with glioblastoma. The sample consisted of 40 patients treated from November 2011 to March 2015 at two major neurosurgery services from Southern Brazil. Molecular cytogenetic analyses of the tumor were performed through fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH)...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810998/delayed-diagnosis-of-acromegaly-in-the-context-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-due-to-symptoms-mimicking-known-psychotropic-medication-side-effects
#13
Ray-Bernard Portier, Afshin Afarin, Sara Pope
BACKGROUND: Acromegaly is caused by elevated secretion of human growth hormone, which is frequently because of intracranial tumors. This diagnosis is fairly uncommon with an incidence of 3 to 4 cases per million patients per year. We are presenting a case of acromegaly diagnosed in an active duty Chief Petty Officer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 38-year-old male Chief Petty Officer with no previous mental health diagnosis experienced post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)-like symptoms in early 2012 after deploying to Iraq and Afghanistan from 2010 to 2011...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810347/-history-of-world-neurosurgery
#14
X Wang
In 5000 BC, South American tribes digged the bones in the living head to seek ways to communicate with the gods, which was primitive trephination and may be the first neurosurgical behavior. In 2600 BC, Imhotep in ancient Egypt took the brain out of the head from the nose, for a better preserve of the mummy, which was a prototype of modern transsphenoidal surgery. And the development of anatomy in ancient Greek laid a solid foundation for neurosurgery. From 500 to 1500 AD, the rise of religion and the occurrence of war, prompted a large number of craniocerebral trauma, which contributed greatly to the early development of neurosurgery as a distinct specialty...
May 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804043/the-top-100-most-cited-articles-on-meningioma
#15
REVIEW
Othman Almutairi, Abdulrahman Albakr, Amro Al-Habib, Abdulrazag Ajlan
BACKGROUND: There is an abundance of articles published on meningioma. OBJECTIVE: To identify the 100 most-cited articles on meningioma and to perform a bibliometric analysis. METHODS: In November 2016, we performed a title-specific search of the Scopus database using "meningioma" as our search query term without publication date restrictions. The top 100 most cited articles were obtained and reviewed. RESULTS: The top 100 most cited articles received a mean 198 citations per paper...
August 10, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733171/are-residents-prepared-for-surgical-cases-implications-in-patient-safety-and-education
#16
Minh-Bao Mundschenk, Elizabeth B Odom, Trina D Ghosh, Grant M Kleiber, Andrew Yee, Kamlesh B Patel, Susan E Mackinnon, Marissa M Tenenbaum, Donald W Buck
OBJECTIVE: In surgical education, the areas of focus and evaluation are skewed toward technical skill and operative knowledge; less emphasized is familiarity with the patient's medical history. The purposes of this study were to characterize how surgical trainees prepare for cases and to determine the comprehensiveness of their preparation. DESIGN: A 27-question survey was created through a web-based software program and distributed to all resident physicians and fellows in the Departments of Surgery, Neurosurgery, and Otolaryngology at our institution...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723697/the-history-and-future-of-ablative-neurosurgery-for-major-depressive-disorder
#17
Matthew Volpini, Peter Giacobbe, G Rees Cosgrove, Anthony Levitt, Andres M Lozano, Nir Lipsman
BACKGROUND: There is an urgent need to develop safe and effective treatments for patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Several neurosurgical procedures have been developed to treat the dysfunctional brain circuits implicated in major depression. OBJECTIVES: This review describes the most common ablative procedures used to treat major depressive disorder: anterior cingulotomy, subcaudate tractotomy, limbic leucotomy, and anterior capsulotomy. The efficacy and safety of each are discussed and compared with other current and emerging modalities, including deep brain stimulation (DBS) and MR-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS)...
2017: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695337/development-of-pediatric-neurosurgical-service-at-dr-soetomo-hospital-surabaya-indonesia
#18
REVIEW
Wihasto Suryaningtyas, Muhammad Arifin, Agus Turchan, Abdul Hafid Bajamal
PURPOSE: This review traces the history of pediatric neurosurgery at Dr. Soetomo General Hospital (DSGH) and its role in advancing the field of pediatric neurosurgery. METHODS: The history, the founding fathers, and the next generations of the pediatric neurosurgery in DSGH were traced back from original sources and authors' life stories. RESULT: Pediatric neurosurgical service at DSGH has its own unique perspective being a pediatric service in general hospital setting...
July 10, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689386/surgical-informed-consent-process-in-neurosurgery
#19
REVIEW
Jaechan Park, Hyojin Park
The doctrine of informed consent, as opposed to medical paternalism, is intended to facilitate patient autonomy by allowing patient participation in the medical decision-making process. However, regrettably, the surgical informed consent (SIC) process is invariably underestimated and reduced to a documentary procedure to protect physicians from legal liability. Moreover, residents are rarely trained in the clinical and communicative skills required for the SIC process. Accordingly, to increase professional awareness of the SIC process, a brief history and introduction to the current elements of SIC, the obstacles to patient autonomy and SIC, benefits and drawbacks of SIC, planning of an optimal SIC process, and its application to cases of an unruptured intracranial aneurysm are all presented...
July 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681760/department-of-neurosurgery-seth-gordhandas-sunderdas-medical-college-and-king-edward-vii-memorial-k-e-m-hospital-mumbai
#20
Sunil Pandya, Atul Goel
Seth Gordhandas Sunderdas Medical College and King Edward VII Memorial (K.E.M.) Hospital, Mumbai were inaugurated in 1925. This article traces its illustrious history and of the eminent neurosurgeons who shaped its destiny.
July 2017: Neurology India
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