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Francesco Marini, Daniele Romano, Angelo Maravita
The crossmodal congruency task is a consolidated paradigm for investigating interactions between vision and touch. In this task, participants judge the elevation of a tactile target stimulus while ignoring a visual distracter stimulus that may occur at a congruent or incongruent elevation, thus engendering a measure of visuo-tactile interference (crossmodal congruency effect, CCE). The CCE reflects perceptual, attentional, and response-related factors, but their respective roles and interactions have not been set out yet...
December 2, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Diana E Yung, Emanuele Rondonotti, Anastasios Koulaouzidis
The colon capsule endoscopy (CCE) was first introduced in 2007. Currently, the main clinical indications for CCE are completion of incomplete colonoscopy, polyp detection and investigation of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Although conventional colonoscopy is the gold standard in bowel cancer screening, incomplete colonoscopy remains a problem as lesions are missed. CCE compares favourably to computer tomography colonography (CTC) in adenoma detection and has therefore been proposed as a method for completing colonoscopy...
October 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
Filippo Annoni, Selene Pozzebon, Ottavia Bond, Federica Zama Cavicchi, Sabino Scolletta, Jean-Louis Vincent, Jacques Creteur, Fabio Silvio Taccone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Ikki Komatsu, Hirotsugu Mitsuhashi, Mikihiko Nakaoka, Nobuyuki Komiyama
In daily practice, the iatrogenic complication hydrophilic polymer embolization (HPE) is under-recognized. An 86-year-old male experienced a distal foot embolization after transcatheter aortic valve replacement. Rashes appeared only in the access side foot just after the procedure. Gradual worsening of the rashes was first thought to be cholesterol crystal embolization (CCE), but a pathological examination revealed HPE. The clinical course following the diagnosis was uneventful without notable treatment. We experienced a rare but important alternative differential diagnosis of CCE after catheter intervention...
November 9, 2016: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
Olivia Tierney, Linda Sweet, Don Houston, Lyn Ebert
PROBLEM/BACKGROUND: The Continuity of Care Experience is a mandated workplace based component of midwifery education in Australia. Since its inclusion in midwifery clinical education, the pedagogical approaches used across Australia have varied. AIM: The purpose of this integrative review is to determine the outcomes of the Continuity of Care Experience as an educational model. METHODS: A search for relevant research literature was undertaken in 2015 using a range of databases and by examining relevant bibliographies...
November 3, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
K Nagaya, K Motomura, E Kukk, Y Takahashi, K Yamazaki, S Ohmura, H Fukuzawa, S Wada, S Mondal, T Tachibana, Y Ito, R Koga, T Sakai, K Matsunami, K Nakamura, M Kanno, A Rudenko, C Nicolas, X-J Liu, C Miron, Y Zhang, Y Jiang, J Chen, M Anand, D E Kim, K Tono, M Yabashi, M Yao, H Kono, K Ueda
We studied the electronic and nuclear dynamics of I-containing organic molecules induced by intense hard X-ray pulses at the XFEL facility SACLA in Japan. The interaction with the intense XFEL pulse causes absorption of multiple X-ray photons by the iodine atom, which results in the creation of many electronic vacancies (positive charges) via the sequential electronic relaxation in the iodine, followed by intramolecular charge redistribution. In a previous study we investigated the subsequent fragmentation by Coulomb explosion of the simplest I-substituted hydrocarbon, iodomethane (CH3I)...
October 31, 2016: Faraday Discussions
Javier Romero-Vázquez, Ángel Caunedo-Álvarez, Alba Belda-Cuesta, Victoria Alejandra Jiménez-García, Francisco Pellicer-Bautista, Juan Manuel Herrerías-Gutiérrez
Background and study aims: Colon capsules display images from the moment they are ingested, making the study of other extracolonic areas possible. The aim of this study was to analyze the significance of these extracolonic findings. Patients and methods: In this single-center, prospective study, 165 patients underwent colon capsule endoscopy (CCE) between September 2009 and October 2012 to rule out colonic pathology. Images were recorded, without interruptions, from the moment the capsule was ingested until its battery ran out...
October 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Zohreh Makoolati, Mansoureh Movahedin, Mehdi Forouzandeh-Moghadam
The present study aims to confirm and analyze germ-cell related patterns and specific gene expressions at a very early stage of cell commitment. Following the XY cytogenetic confirmation of the CCE mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) line, cells were cultured to form embrioid bodies (EBs). Expression pattern assessment of the Mvh, Stra8, α6 and β1 integrin genes in ESC and 1-3-day-old EB showed that all genes except α6 integrin were expressed in the ESC. The mean calibration of Mvh, Stra8 and α6 integrin expression significantly increased upon EB formation compared to the ESCs...
September 30, 2016: Bioscience Reports
Dongping Zhan, Lianhuan Han, Jie Zhang, Kang Shi, Jian-Zhang Zhou, Zhao-Wu Tian, Zhong-Qun Tian
In the past several decades, electrochemical machining (ECM) has enjoyed the reputation of a powerful technique in the manufacturing industry. Conventional ECM methods can be classified as electrolytic machining and electroforming: the former is based on anodic dissolution and the latter is based on cathodic deposition of metallic materials. Strikingly, ECM possesses several advantages over mechanical machining, such as high removal rate, the capability of making complex three-dimensional structures, and the practicability for difficult-to-cut materials...
September 26, 2016: Accounts of Chemical Research
Stephen J Dria, Mitchell D Eggers
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the in vitro clot capture efficiency (CCE) of an investigational absorbable inferior vena cava filter (IVCF) vs the Greenfield IVCF. METHODS: Investigational absorbable and Greenfield filters were challenged with polyacrylamide clot surrogates ranging from 3 × 5 to 10 × 24 mm (diameter × length) in a flow loop simulating the venous system. Filters were challenged with clots until CCE standard error of 5% or less was achieved under binomial statistics...
October 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
Benjamin Chun-Kit Tong, Claire Shuk-Kwan Lee, Wing-Hei Cheng, Kwok-On Lai, J Kevin Foskett, King-Ho Cheung
Some forms of familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD) are caused by mutations in presenilins (PSs), catalytic components of a γ-secretase complex that cleaves target proteins, including amyloid precursor protein (APP). Calcium (Ca(2+)) dysregulation in cells with these FAD-causing PS mutants has been attributed to attenuated store-operated Ca(2+) entry [SOCE; also called capacitative Ca(2+) entry (CCE)]. CCE occurs when STIM1 detects decreases in Ca(2+) in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and activates ORAI channels to replenish Ca(2+) stores in the ER...
September 6, 2016: Science Signaling
Chen Xin, Murray Johnstone, Ningli Wang, Ruikang K Wang
We report the use of a high-resolution optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging platform to identify and quantify pressure-dependent aqueous outflow system (AOS) tissue relationships and to infer mechanical stiffness through examination of tissue properties in ex vivo human eyes. Five enucleated human eyes are included in this study, with each eye prepared with four equal-sized quadrants, each encompassing 90 degrees of the limbal circumference. In radial limbal segments perfusion pressure within Schlemm's canal (SC) is controlled by means of a perfusion cannula inserted into the canal lumen, while the other end of the cannula leads to a reservoir at a height that can control the pressure in the cannula...
2016: PloS One
Stanley I Innes, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Bruce F Walker
BACKGROUND: The incorporation of evidence-based practice (EBP) is widely recognised as a necessary process for entry-level health professional training. Accreditation documents reflect the practice standards of health professions. No previous study has assessed the extent to which EBP has been taken up by chiropractic regulatory/licencing authorities, known as Councils on Chiropractic Education (CCEs), around the world. The purposes of this study were to examine CCEs' educational standards for signs of a positive and negative approach to EBP as indicated by the prevalence and use of the words evidence, research, subluxation and vitalism, and to make recommendations if significant deficiencies were found...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Philippe Vignon, Xavier Repessé, Antoine Vieillard-Baron, Eric Maury
Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is a leading indication for performing critical care ultrasonography (CCUS) which, in these patients, combines critical care echocardiography (CCE) and chest ultrasonography. CCE is ideally suited to guide the diagnostic work-up in patients presenting with ARF since it allows the assessment of left ventricular filling pressure and pulmonary artery pressure, and the identification of a potential underlying cardiopathy. In addition, CCE precisely depicts the consequences of pulmonary vascular lesions on right ventricular function and helps in adjusting the ventilator settings in patients sustaining moderate-to-severe acute respiratory distress syndrome...
August 15, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Xuhong Chen, Wenfeng Xiong, Chengjun Li, Shanshan Gao, Xiaowen Song, Wei Wu, Bin Li
Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are a large group of enzymes having both detoxification roles conferring insecticide resistance and specialist metabolic functions. Tribolium castaneum GST Delta 1 (TcGSTd1) has been found playing crucial role in insecticide resistance and biological processes in insect species. However, the regulatory system of TcGSTd1 has still rarely been known. Comparing the transcriptome profile of RNAi treated larvae (ds-TcGSTd1) and control larvae of T. canstaneum by using RNA-sequencing, we obtained 14,284,085 sequence reads aligned with 13,275 genes...
November 15, 2016: Gene
Karla Maria Treitl, Stefan Maurus, Nora Narvina Sommer, Hendrik Kooijman-Kurfuerst, Eva Coppenrath, Marcus Treitl, Michael Czihal, Ulrich Hoffmann, Claudia Dechant, Hendrik Schulze-Koops, Tobias Saam
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility of T1w-3D black-blood turbo spin echo (TSE) sequence with variable flip angles for the diagnosis of thoracic large vessel vasculitis (LVV). METHODS: Thirty-five patients with LVV, diagnosed according to the current standard of reference, and 35 controls were imaged at 3.0T using 1.2 × 1.3 × 2.0 mm(3) fat-suppressed, T1w-3D, modified Volumetric Isotropic TSE Acquisition (mVISTA) pre- and post-contrast. Applying a navigator and peripheral pulse unit triggering (PPU), the total scan time was 10-12 min...
August 10, 2016: European Radiology
Paul D Collins
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) has evolved to become an important tool for the non-invasive examination of the small bowel, which hitherto had been relatively inaccessible to direct visualisation. VCE has been shown to play a role in monitoring the activity of small bowel Crohn's disease and can be used to assess the response to anti-inflammatory treatment in Crohn's disease. For those patients with Crohn's disease who have undergone an intestinal resection, VCE has been assessed as a tool to detect post-operative recurrence...
July 25, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Ke Wu, Marjorie A Hoy
Pesticide-resistant populations of the predatory mite Metaseiulus (= Typhlodromus or Galendromus) occidentalis (Arthropoda: Chelicerata: Acari: Phytoseiidae) have been used in the biological control of pest mites such as phytophagous Tetranychus urticae. However, the pesticide resistance mechanisms in M. occidentalis remain largely unknown. In other arthropods, members of the glutathione-S-transferase (GST), cytochrome P450 (CYP) and carboxyl/cholinesterase (CCE) gene superfamilies are involved in the diverse biological pathways such as the metabolism of xenobiotics (e...
2016: PloS One
Danette R Ocegueda, Christopher J Van Ness, Carrie L Hanson, Lorie A Holt
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the degree to which U.S. dental hygiene programs are incorporating cultural competency education into the dental hygiene curriculum and to identify associated program characteristics. METHODS: A 19 item survey was electronically administered to all 334 U.S. dental hygiene program directors. The questionnaire solicited information on teaching and evaluation methodologies relative to cultural competency education (CCE), as well as director's perceptions and program demographic information...
June 2016: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
Melanie Gunawardene, S Willems, B Schäffer, J Moser, R Ö Akbulak, M Jularic, C Eickholt, J Nührich, C Meyer, P Kuklik, S Sehner, V Czerner, B A Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: The use of non-vitamin K antagonists (NOACs), uninterrupted (uVKA) and interrupted vitamin K antagonists (iVKA) are common periprocedural oral anticoagulation (OAC) strategies for atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. Comparative data on complication rates resulting from OAC strategies for solely persistent AF (persAF) undergoing ablation are sparse. Thus, we sought to determine the impact of these OAC strategies on complication rates among patients with persAF undergoing catheter ablation...
July 19, 2016: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
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