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Colonoscopy, endoscopic,ercp

John M Inadomi
The costs of medical care are rising and media has focused attention on the costs of colonoscopy as a potential cause. A major component of procedural costs is the sedation, which is a combination of the drugs used and who administers them. An analysis of advanced endoscopic procedures revealed that the rate of sedation failure was significantly lower among patients administered sedation by anesthesia compared with patients who received moderate sedation administered by endoscopy staff. The authors argue that all endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) should be performed with anesthesia-administered sedation...
February 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Patsy-Anne Hill, Sofoklis Panteleimonitis, Graham McKay, Carol Watson, Andre Prach, Angus Macdonald
Background and aims Sublingual glyceryl trinitrate has been used as an aid to cannulate the Sphincter of Oddi during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Its role in terminal ileal intubation during colonoscopy is unknown. This study examines the role of sublingual glyceryl trinitrate in terminal ileal intubation during colonoscopy. Methods A triple-blind randomized controlled trial comparing sublingual glyceryl trinitrate (800 µg) vs. placebo (saline) in relation to terminal ileal intubation during colonoscopy was performed...
January 1, 2017: Scottish Medical Journal
Haruka Fujinami, Shinya Kajiura, Jun Nishikawa, Takayuki Ando, Toshiro Sugiyama
BACKGROUND: Anti-cholinergic agents may be used to inhibit duodenal peristalsis, but they may have adverse effects. Shakuyakukanzoto (Shao Yao Gan Cao Tang) has an anti-spasmodic effect and has been used before for oesophagogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy. This randomised clinical trial aimed to evaluate the inhibitory effect of Shakuyakukanzoto on duodenal peristalsis, and its usefulness when administered into the duodenum just before endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)...
2017: Chinese Medicine
David S Zimmon, Fred B Smith, Forrest Manheimer, Cathy Fan, Chantel Njiwaji, Sergei Aksenov, Premtesh Chattoo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic forceps biopsy and fixation are laborious and prolong the procedure and anesthesia. Multiple biopsy overcomes these shortcomings with a single endoscope pass that cuts, like a needle biopsy, up to 25 biopsy samples of uniform size and depth during endoscope withdrawal. Biopsy specimens are collected in acquisition order and stored in a perforated plastic storage chamber within the perforated metal tip. The tip is cut off, immersed in fixative, and sent to pathology...
December 15, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Andrea Tringali, Valerio Balassone, Paola De Angelis, Rosario Landi
The experience of the "endoscopic community" in pediatric patients is limited, but during recent years increased skills of the endoscopists and technological improvements lead to a standardization of pediatric endoscopy and the development of specialized pediatric endoscopy unit. Adverse events related to diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopy in children are usually rare. Diagnosis, prevention and treatment of complications in pediatric endoscopy is crucial when dealing with benign diseases in children. The complication rate of diagnostic EGD and colonoscopy in children are extremely low...
October 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
K Leslie, M L Allen, E Hessian, A Y-S Lee
We conducted a survey of Australian specialist anaesthetists about their practice of sedation for elective and emergency gastroscopy, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), and colonoscopy. A 24-item survey was emailed to 1,000 anaesthetists in August 2015. Responses were received from 409 anaesthetists (response rate=41%) with responses from 395 anaesthetists analysed. Pulse oximetry and oxygen administration were routine for all procedures for all respondents. Blood pressure was routinely measured by most respondents during gastroscopy (elective=88%; emergency=97%), ERCP (elective=99%; emergency=99%) and colonoscopy (elective=91%; emergency=98%)...
July 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Vaibhav Wadhwa, Danny Issa, Sushil Garg, Rocio Lopez, Madhusudhan R Sanaka, John J Vargo
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Even though propofol use for gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures has increased over the past decade, there is a perception that it causes a higher rate of cardiopulmonary adverse events. The aim of this study was to compare the sedation-related adverse events associated with use of propofol vs nonpropofol agents for endoscopic procedures. We also wanted to determine the influence of duration or complexity of the procedures and endoscopist-directed (gastroenterologist) vs non-gastroenterologist-directed sedation on the outcomes...
July 21, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Basavana Goudra, Ahmad Nuzat, Preet Mohinder Singh, Anuradha Borle, Augustus Carlin, Gowri Gouda
Background/Aims: The landscape of sedation for gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopic procedures and the nature of the procedures themselves have changed over the last decade. In this study, an attempt is made to analyze the frequency and etiology of all major adverse events associated with GI endoscopy. Methods: All adverse events extracted from the electronic database and local registry were analyzed. Although the data analysis was retrospective, the adverse events themselves were documented prospectively...
April 29, 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
Benjamin W Vabi, Jeffrey Carter, Rong Rong, Minhua Wang, James G Corasanti, John F Gibbs
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a rare cancer of the biliary epithelium comprising only about 3% of all gastrointestinal malignancies. It is a highly aggressive malignancy and confers a dismal prognosis with majority of patients presenting with metastatic disease. Metastatic CCA to the colon is extremely rare with only few cases reported in the literature. We present a 61-year-old patient with incidental synchronous metastatic colonic adenocarcinoma from extra-hepatic CCA. Laboratory data revealed significant indirect hyperbilirubinemia and transaminitis...
April 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Juntaro Matsuzaki, Ryoma Hayashi, Tetsuo Arakawa, Fumiaki Ueno, Yoshikazu Kinoshita, Takashi Joh, Shin'ichi Takahashi, Yuji Naito, Shin Fukudo, Francis K L Chan, Ki-Baik Hahm, Udom Kachintorn, Kwong Ming Fock, Ari Fahrial Syam, Abdul Aziz Rani, Jose D Sollano, Qi Zhu, Yasuhiro Fujiwara, Eiji Kubota, Hiromi Kataoka, Kengo Tokunaga, Kazuhiko Uchiyama, Hidekazu Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal endoscopy and Helicobacter pylori(H. pylori) eradication therapy are commonly performed even among the elderly population. The aim of this study was to understand the way endoscopists viewed the application of endoscopy and H. pylori eradication in the elderly of East Asian countries. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires containing 13 questions on endoscopy and H. pylori eradication in the elderly were distributed to major institutions in Japan, South Korea, China, Indonesia, and the Philippines...
2016: Digestion
Alicia Alvarez, Cesar J Garcia, Yi Jia, Darius Boman, Marc J Zuckerman
OBJECTIVES: Streptococcus bovis bacteremia has been associated with gastrointestinal diseases, especially colon cancer, neoplastic colon polyps, and other malignancies of the gastrointestinal tract. Studies have suggested an association with chronic liver parenchymal and biliary tract disorders. We report a series of patients with S. bovis bacteremia in a county hospital in a US city on the border of Mexico to examine the demographic and clinical associations. METHODS: We characterized the demographics, clinical features, and the endoscopic and histopathologic findings in all patients with blood cultures positive for S...
July 2015: Southern Medical Journal
Chun-Yan Zeng, Guo-Hua Li, Yin Zhu, Xiao-Jiang Zhou, Nong-Hua Lv, You-Xiang Chen
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Gastrointestinal endoscopy procedures, such as endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), and colonoscopy are widely used for the diagnosis or treatment of digestive diseases. Perforation is a rare but potentially lethal complication. Large perforations usually require immediate endoscopic or surgical repair. Endoscopic closure using a nylon loop pouch suture is usually performed with a double-channel endoscope...
August 2015: Endoscopy
Vivian E Ekkelenkamp, Arjun D Koch, Robert A de Man, Ernst J Kuipers
INTRODUCTION: Training procedural skills in GI endoscopy once focused on threshold numbers. As threshold numbers poorly reflect individual competence, the focus gradually shifts towards a more individual approach. Tools to assess and document individual learning progress are being developed and incorporated in dedicated training curricula. However, there is a lack of consensus and training guidelines differ worldwide, which reflects uncertainties on optimal set-up of a training programme...
April 2016: Gut
Douglas G Adler
Endoscopy constitutes a wide range of procedures with many indications. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy, colonoscopy, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, endoscopic ultrasonography, and enteroscopy comprise the most commonly performed procedures. These examinations all carry risk to the patient, and incumbent in this is some legal risk with regard to how the procedure is conducted, decisions made based on the intraprocedure findings, and the postprocedure results, in addition to events that occur following the procedure...
January 2015: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
Nurten Savas
Gastrointestinal endoscopy has a major diagnostic and therapeutic role in most gastrointestinal disorders; however, limited information is available about clinical efficacy and safety in pregnant patients. The major risks of endoscopy during pregnancy include potential harm to the fetus because of hypoxia, premature labor, trauma and teratogenesis. In some cases, endoscopic procedures may be postponed until after delivery. When emergency or urgent indications are present, endoscopic procedures may be considered with some precautions...
November 7, 2014: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Hyun Jung Lee, Soo Jung Park, Jae Hee Cheon, Tae Il Kim, Won Ho Kim, Sung Pil Hong
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Recently, self-expandable metal stents (SEMSs) have been widely used as an initial therapy for relieving malignant colorectal obstructions. However, several factors, including the endoscopist's experience, affect the clinical outcome of SEMSs. The aim of this study was to define the adequate level of experience necessary to perform endoscopic stenting effectively and safely and to identify technical factors for successful stenting. METHODS: Between March 2009 and June 2012, 160 patients underwent SEMS placement for malignant colorectal obstruction with the intent of palliation or as a bridge to surgery by a single endoscopist who experienced colonoscopy and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography...
January 2015: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Yoshiya Yamauchi, Noritaka Wakui, Yasutsugu Asai, Nobuhiro Dan, Yuki Takeda, Nobuo Ueki, Takahumi Otsuka, Nobuyuki Oba, Shuta Nisinakagawa, Tatsuya Kojima
An 85-year-old woman was an outpatient treated at Tokyo Rosai Hospital for cirrhosis caused by hepatitis B. She had previously been diagnosed as having common bile duct stones, for which she underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). However, as stone removal was unsuccessful, a plastic stent was placed after endoscopic sphincterotomy. In October 2012, the stent was replaced endoscopically because she developed cholangitis due to stent occlusion. Seven days later, we performed ERCP to treat recurring cholangitis...
2014: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
David Friedel, Stavros Stavropoulos, Shahzad Iqbal, Mitchell S Cappell
About 20000 gastrointestinal endoscopies are performed annually in America in pregnant women. Gastrointestinal endoscopy during pregnancy raises the critical issue of fetal safety in addition to patient safety. Endoscopic medications may be potentially abortifacient or teratogenic. Generally, Food and Drug Administration category B or C drugs should be used for endoscopy. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) seems to be relatively safe for both mother and fetus based on two retrospective studies of 83 and 60 pregnant patients...
May 16, 2014: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Kunjam Modha, Udayakumar Navaneethan
Endoscopy plays a key role in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Colonoscopy has been traditionally used in the diagnosis of IBD and helps in determination of an important end point in patient management, "mucosal healing". However, the involvement of an advanced endoscopist has expanded with innovations in therapeutic and newer imaging techniques. Endoscopists are increasingly being involved in the management of anastomotic and small bowel strictures in these patients...
April 7, 2014: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Amy C Lord, Stefan Riss
Endoscopic procedures continue to play an emerging role in diagnosing and treating upper and lower gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. In particular, the introduction of colonoscopy in bowel cancer screening has underlined its promising role in decreasing the incidence of colorectal cancer and reducing tumour related mortality. To achieve these goals patients need to contemplate endoscopic examinations as painless and fearless procedures. The use of carbon dioxide (CO₂) as an alternative insufflation gas in comparison to air has been considered as an essential key to improving patients' acceptance in undergoing endoscopic procedures...
March 7, 2014: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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