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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109156/-cloning-and-sequence-analysis-of-variable-region-genes-of-mouse-anti-human-s100a9-monoclonal-antibody
#1
Min Yan, Danyang Mi, Xiangdong Sun, Zhenqiang Zhang, Huahui Zeng, Wendi Liu
Objective To clone and analyze variable region gene sequences of mouse monoclonal antibody against human S100A9 (anti-human S100A9 mAb). Methods Total RNA was extracted from the hybridoma cell line (IID4B10) secreting mouse anti-human S100A9 mAb. Furthermore, the heavy chain variable region (VH) and light chain variable region (VL) genes were amplified using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). After the cloning and sequencing of the VH and VL genes, the sequence analyses were performed by BLAST program...
February 2017: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108511/biomarker-based-pet-imaging-of-diffuse-intrinsic-pontine-glioma-in-mouse-models
#2
Susanne Kossatz, Brandon Carney, Melanie E Schweitzer, Giuseppe Carlucci, Vesselin Miloushev, Uday B Maachani, Prajwal Rajappa, Kayvan Keshari, David J Pisapia, Wolfgang A Weber, Mark M Souweidane, Thomas Reiner
Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is a childhood brainstem tumor with a universally poor prognosis. Here, we characterize on a positron emission tomography (PET) probe for imaging DIPG in vivo. In human histological tissues, the probes target, poly(ADP)ribose polymerase 1 (PARP1), was highly expressed in DIPG compared to normal brain. PET imaging allowed for the sensitive detection of DIPG in a genetically engineered mouse model (GEMM), and probe uptake correlated to histologically determined tumor infiltration...
January 20, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105130/biological-characterization-of-sheep-kidney-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#3
Meng Ji, Chunyu Bai, Lu Li, Ya'Nan Fan, Caiyun Ma, Xiangchen Li, Weijun Guan
The aim of the present study was to isolate, culture and characterize sheep metanephric mesenchymal stem cells (MMSCs). The MMSCs were isolated from the kidney tissue of six-week-old sheep fetus. This study investigated whether primary MMSCs could be grown for 26 passages and expressed Oct-4, which is involved in the self-renewal of undifferentiated pluripotent stem cells. The MMSCs also expressed the renal lineage marker gene PAX2, and mesenchymal cell marker genes CD44, FN1 and VIM. Expression of these genes was detected using immunofluorescence and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction assays...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088723/discovery-and-metagenomic-analysis-of-an-anammox-bacterial-enrichment-related-to-candidatus-brocadia-caroliniensis-in-a-full-scale-glycerol-fed-nitritation-denitritation-separate-centrate-treatment-process
#4
Hongkeun Park, Ariane C Brotto, Mark C M van Loosdrecht, Kartik Chandran
A distinctive red biofilm was observed in a glycerol-fed digester liquid effluent treatment process coupling partial nitrification (nitritation) and partial denitrification (denitritation) processes. Based on initial phylogenetic screening using 16S rRNA clone libraries and quantitative polymerase chain reaction, the biofilm was enriched in novel anaerobic ammonium oxidizing bacteria (AMX/anammox) closely related to Candidatus "Brocadia caroliniensis". The metabolic functionality of the C. "Brocadia caroliniensis" enrichment was further explored using high-throughput sequencing and de novo metagenome assembly...
January 6, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077981/dna-polymerase-kappa-protects-human-cells-against-mmc-induced-genotoxicity-through-error-free-translesion-dna-synthesis
#5
Yuki Kanemaru, Tetsuya Suzuki, Akira Sassa, Kyomu Matsumoto, Noritaka Adachi, Masamitsu Honma, Satoshi Numazawa, Takehiko Nohmi
BACKGROUND: Interactions between genes and environment are critical factors for causing cancer in humans. The genotoxicity of environmental chemicals can be enhanced via the modulation of susceptible genes in host human cells. DNA polymerase kappa (Pol κ) is a specialized DNA polymerase that plays an important role in DNA damage tolerance through translesion DNA synthesis. To better understand the protective roles of Pol κ, we previously engineered two human cell lines either deficient in expression of Pol κ (KO) or expressing catalytically dead Pol κ (CD) in Nalm-6-MSH+ cells and examined cytotoxic sensitivity against various genotoxins...
2017: Genes and Environment: the Official Journal of the Japanese Environmental Mutagen Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068880/low-intensity-vibrations-normalize-adipogenesis-induced-morphological-and-molecular-changes-of-adult-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#6
Oznur Baskan, Gulistan Mese, Engin Ozcivici
Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells that are committed to adipogenesis were exposed daily to high-frequency low-intensity mechanical vibrations to understand molecular, morphological and ultrastructural adaptations to mechanical signals during adipogenesis. D1-ORL-UVA mouse bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells were cultured with either growth or adipogenic medium for 1 week. Low-intensity vibration signals (15 min/day, 90 Hz, 0.1 g) were applied to one group of adipogenic cells, while the other adipogenic group served as a sham control...
January 1, 2017: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053101/generation-of-a-genetically-stable-high-fidelity-influenza-vaccine-strain
#7
Tadasuke Naito, Kotaro Mori, Hiroshi Ushirogawa, Naoki Takizawa, Eri Nobusawa, Takato Odagiri, Masato Tashiro, Ryosuke L Ohniwa, Kyosuke Nagata, Mineki Saito
: Vaccination is considered the most effective preventive means for influenza control. The development of a master virus with high growth and genetic stability, which may be used for the preparation of vaccine viruses by gene reassortment, is crucial for the enhancement of vaccine performance and efficiency of production. Here, we describe the generation of a high-fidelity and high-growth influenza vaccine master virus strain with a single V43I amino acid change in the PB1 polymerase of the high-growth PR8 master virus...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042545/comparative-in-vitro-evaluation-of-human-dental-pulp-and-follicle-stem-cell-commitment
#8
Razieh Karamzadeh, Mohamadreza Baghaban Eslaminejad, Ali Sharifi-Zarchi
OBJECTIVE: Pulp and periodontal tissues are well-known sources of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) that provide a promising place in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. The molecular mechanisms underlying commitment and differentiation of dental stem cells that originate from different dental tissues are not fully understood. In this study, we have compared the expression levels of pluripotency factors along with immunological and developmentally-related markers in the culture of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs), human dental follicle stem cells (hDFSCs), and human embryonic stem cells (hESCs)...
2017: Cell Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029616/temporal-control-of-osteoblast-cell-growth-and-behavior-dictated-by-nanotopography-and-shear-stress
#9
Udesh Dhawan, Hsu-An Pan, Ying Hao Chu, Guewha S Huang, Po Chun Chen, Wen-Liang Chen
Biomaterial design involves assessment of cellular response to nanotopography parameters such as shape, dimension of nanotopography features. Here, the effect of nanotopography alongside the in vivo factor, shear stress, on osteoblast cell behavior, is reported. Tantalum oxide nanodots of 50 or 100 nm diameter were engineered using anodized aluminum oxide as a template. Bare tantalum nitride coated silicon substrates were taken as control (flat). MG63 (osteoblast) cells were seeded for 72 hours on flat, 50 or 100 nm nanodots and modulation in cell morphology, cell viability and expression of integrins was studied...
October 2016: IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013079/development-of-dual-fluorescence-cell-based-biosensors-for-detecting-the-influence-of-environmental-factors-on-nanoparticle-toxicity
#10
Junting Liang, Xuanyu Wang, Luzhi Li, Shengmin Xu, Jiang Jiang, Lijun Wu, Guoping Zhao, Shaopeng Chen
With the expanding use of engineered nanoparticles (NPs), development of a high-throughput, sensitive method for evaluating NP safety is important. In this study, we developed cell-based biosensors to efficiently and conveniently monitor NP toxicity. The biosensor cells were obtained by transiently transfecting human cells with biosensor plasmids containing a mCherry gene regulated by an inducible promoter [an activator protein 1 (AP-1) promoter, an interleukin 8 (IL8) promoter, or a B cell translocation gene 2 (BTG2) promoter], with an enhanced green-fluorescent protein gene driven by the cytomegalovirus promoter as the internal control...
December 18, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011749/integrated-biological-responses-and-tissue-specific-expression-of-p53-and-ras-genes-in-marine-mussels-following-exposure-to-benzo-%C3%AE-pyrene-and-c60-fullerenes-either-alone-or-in-combination
#11
Yanan Di, Yann Aminot, Declan C Schroeder, James W Readman, Awadhesh N Jha
We used the marine bivalve (Mytilus galloprovincialis) to assess a range of biological or biomarker responses following exposure to a model-engineered nanoparticle, C60 fullerene, either alone or in combination with a model polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, benzo(α)pyrene [B(α)P]. An integrated biomarker approach was used that included: (i) determination of 'clearance rates' (a physiological indicator at individual level), (ii) histopathological alterations (at tissue level), (iii) DNA strand breaks using the comet assay (at cellular level) and (iv) transcriptional alterations of p53 (anti-oncogene) and ras (oncogene) determined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (at the molecular/genetic level)...
January 2017: Mutagenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994461/biofabrication-of-a-novel-biomolecule-assisted-reduced-graphene-oxide-an-excellent-biocompatible-nanomaterial
#12
Xi-Feng Zhang, Sangiliyandi Gurunathan
Graphene has been shown much interest, both in academics and industry due to its extraordinary physical, chemical, and biological proprieties. It shows great promises in biotechnological and biomedical applications as an antibacterial and anticancer agent, nanocarrier, sensor, etc. However, many studies demonstrated the toxicity of graphene in several cell lines, which is an obstacle to its use in biomedical applications. In this study, to improve the biocompatibility of graphene, we used nicotinamide (NAM) as a reducing and stabilizing agent to catalyze the reduction of graphene oxide (GO) to reduced graphene oxide (rGO)...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986722/detection-of-eskape-bacterial-pathogens-at-the-point-of-care-using-isothermal-dna-based-assays-in-a-portable-de-gas-microfluidic-diagnostic-assay-platform
#13
Lars D Renner, Jindong Zan, Linda I Hu, Manuel Martinez, Pedro J Resto, Adam C Siegel, Clint Torres, Sara B Hall, Tom R Slezak, Tuan H Nguyen, Douglas B Weibel
: An estimated 1.5B microbial infections occur globally each year and result in ∼4.6M deaths. A technology gap associated with commercially available diagnostic tests in remote and underdeveloped regions prevents timely pathogen identification for effective antibiotic chemotherapies for infected patients. The result is a trial-and-error approach that is limited in effectiveness and increases risk for patients while contributing to antimicrobial drug resistance and reduces the lifetime of antibiotics...
December 16, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943283/prophylactic-window-therapy-with-the-clinical-parp-inhibitor-olaparib-delays-brca1-deficient-mammary-tumour-formation-in-mice
#14
Marieke van de Ven, Eline van der Burg, Hanneke van der Gulden, Sjoerd Klarenbeek, Peter Bouwman, Jos Jonkers
Women with heterozygous germline mutations in the BRCA1 tumour suppressor gene are strongly predisposed to developing early-onset breast cancer through loss of the remaining wild-type BRCA1 allele and inactivation of TP53. Although tumour prevention strategies in BRCA1-mutation carriers are still limited to prophylactic surgery, several therapeutic strategies have been developed to target the DNA repair defects (aka 'BRCAness') of BRCA1-deficient tumours. Especially DNA-damaging agents such as platinum drugs and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors display strong activity against BRCA1-mutated tumours...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918898/roles-of-l-type-calcium-channels-cav1-2-and-the-distal-c-terminus-dct-in-differentiation-and-mineralization-of-rat-dental-apical-papilla-stem-cells-rscaps
#15
Qianqian Gao, Jianping Ge, Yanqin Ju, Changsheng Li, Jian Gao, Meisheng Wu, Shouliang Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Voltage-gated inward Ca(2+) currents (ICa) are triggered by cell depolarization and commonly produce transient increases in the cytoplasmic free Ca(2+) concentration. The CaV1.2 distal C-terminus is susceptible to proteolytic cleavage, which yields a truncated CaV1.2 subunit and a cleaved C-terminal fragment (CCt or DCT). Stem cells from the apical papilla (SCAPs) has a capacity for differentiation into the odontoblastic-like cells in vitro and dentin forming in vivo, which makes SCAPs advantages in tissue engineering and regenerative endodontic...
February 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902845/cloning-and-heterologous-expression-of-chlorophyll-a-synthase-in-rhodobacter-sphaeroides
#16
Emre M Ipekoğlu, Koray Göçmen, Mehmet T Öz, Muazzez Gürgan, Meral Yücel
Rhodobacter sphaeroides is a purple non-sulfur bacterium which photoheterotrophically produces hydrogen from organic acids under anaerobic conditions. A gene coding for putative chlorophyll a synthase (chlG) from cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus marinus was amplified by nested polymerase chain reaction and cloned into an inducible-expression plasmid which was subsequently transferred to R. sphaeroides for heterologous expression. Induced expression of chlG in R. sphaeroides led to changes in light absorption spectrum within 400-700 nm...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895039/region-specific-effect-of-the-decellularized-meniscus-extracellular-matrix-on-mesenchymal-stem-cell-based-meniscus-tissue-engineering
#17
Kazunori Shimomura, Benjamin B Rothrauff, Rocky S Tuan
BACKGROUND: The meniscus is the most commonly injured knee structure, and surgical repair is often ineffective. Tissue engineering-based repair or regeneration may provide a needed solution. Decellularized, tissue-derived extracellular matrices (ECMs) have received attention for their potential use as tissue-engineered scaffolds. In considering meniscus-derived ECMs (mECMs) for meniscus tissue engineering, it is noteworthy that the inner and outer regions of the meniscus have different structural and biochemical features, potentially directing the differentiation of cells toward region-specific phenotypes...
November 28, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889295/novel-t7-like-expression-systems-used-for-halomonas
#18
Han Zhao, Haoqian M Zhang, Xiangbin Chen, Teng Li, Qiong Wu, Qi Ouyang, Guo-Qiang Chen
To engineer non-model organisms, suitable genetic parts must be available. However, biological parts are often host strain sensitive. It is therefore necessary to develop genetic parts that are functional regardless of host strains. Here we report several novel phage-derived expression systems used for transcriptional control in non-model bacteria. Novel T7-like RNA polymerase-promoter pairs were obtained by mining phage genomes, followed by in vivo characterization in non-model strains Halomonas spp TD01 and Pseudomonas entomophila...
January 2017: Metabolic Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886065/dual-function-of-glucosamine-in-gelatin-hyaluronic-acid-cryogel-to-modulate-scaffold-mechanical-properties-and-to-maintain-chondrogenic-phenotype-for-cartilage-tissue-engineering
#19
Chih-Hao Chen, Chang-Yi Kuo, Yan-Jie Wang, Jyh-Ping Chen
Glucosamine (GlcN) fulfills many of the requirements as an ideal component in scaffolds used in cartilage tissue engineering. The incorporation of GlcN in a gelatin/hyaluronic acid (GH) cryogel scaffold could provide biological cues in maintaining the phenotype of chondrocytes. Nonetheless, substituting gelatin with GlcN may also decrease the crosslinking density and modulate the mechanical properties of the cryogel scaffold, which may be beneficial as physical cues for chondrocytes in the scaffold. Thus, we prepared cryogel scaffolds containing 9% GlcN (GH-GlcN9) and 16% GlcN (GH-GlcN16) by carbodiimide-mediated crosslinking reactions at -16 °C...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884105/structural-features-of-dna-that-determine-rna-polymerase-ii-core-promoter
#20
Irina A Il'icheva, Mingian V Khodikov, Maria S Poptsova, Dmitry Yu Nechipurenko, Yury D Nechipurenko, Sergei L Grokhovsky
BACKGROUND: The general structure and action of all eukaryotic and archaeal RNA polymerases machinery have an astonishing similarity despite the diversity of core promoter sequences in different species. The goal of our work is to find common characteristics of DNA region that define it as a promoter for the RNA polymerase II (Pol II). RESULTS: The profiles of a large number of physical and structural characteristics, averaged over representative sets of the Pol II minimal core promoters of the evolutionary divergent species from animals, plants and unicellular fungi were analysed...
November 25, 2016: BMC Genomics
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