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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799796/immune-modulation-by-curcumin-the-role-of-interleukin-10
#1
Hamid Mollazadeh, Arrigo F G Cicero, Christopher N Blesso, Matteo Pirro, Muhammed Majeed, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Cytokines are small secreted proteins released by different types of cells with specific effects on cellular signaling and communication via binding to their receptors on the cell surface. IL-10 is known to be a pleiotropic and potent anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive cytokine that is produced by both innate and adaptive immunity cells including dendritic cells, macrophages, mast cells, natural killer cells, eosinophils, neutrophils, B cells, CD8(+) T cells, and TH1, TH2, and TH17 and regulatory T cells...
August 11, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767538/two-fatal-intoxications-due-to-tramadol-alone-autopsy-case-reports-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Sara Gioia, Massimo Lancia, Mauro Bacci, Fabio Suadoni
Since tramadol was marketed, it has been widely prescribed as a pain killer because of its relatively safe profile among opioids.Nevertheless, intoxication can occur: overdose can lead to fatal outcomes mostly in association with other drugs, via the potential interaction with serotonergic antidepressant medications, as well as the potential for increased central nervous system (CNS) depression.Fatal outcomes only attributable to tramadol are a rare entity. In this case report, 2 fatal cases are described due to tramadol stand-alone intoxication with peculiar characteristics...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765974/effects-of-combined-general-epidural-anesthesia-and-total-intravenous-anesthesia-on-cellular-immunity-and-prognosis-in-patients-with-non%C3%A2-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-comparative-study
#3
Qiang Xu, Nian-Jun Shi, Hao Zhang, Yan-Mei Zhu
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of combined general‑epidural anesthesia (CGEA) and total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) on cellular immunity and prognosis in patients with non‑small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in a Chinese population. One‑hundred and twenty NSCLC patients were randomly divided into a TIVA group (n=60) and a CGEA group (n=60) using a random number table. All patients underwent video‑assisted thoracoscopic surgery for radical resection. Blood pressure (BP) and peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2) were measured...
August 2, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699498/is-the-addition-of-a-polyol-to-hyaluronic-acid-a-significant-advance-in-the-treatment-of-osteoarthritis
#4
Thierry Conrozier
Viscosupplementation with intra-articular injections of hyaluronic acid is recommended as a second line treatment for knee OA, after failure of non-pharmacological modalities and usual pain killers. Nevertheless there is still controversies regarding clinical relevance of its effects. Research is looking at the best means to improve the performance of viscosupplementation in order to obtain a faster, more sustainable and more marked effect. Antioxidants have been assessed in combination with hyaluronic acid because the injected hyaluronate is rapidly degraded by the reactive oxygen species present in large amounts in the OA synovial fluid, limiting its residence time into the joint...
July 10, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682757/-forensic-examination-of-sexual-assault-victims-medical-aspects-and-associations-with-the-legal-outcomes
#5
M Kolopp, E Delbaere-Crespo, C Lecossec, F Guillet-May, H Coudane, L Martrille
OBJECTIVES: To describe the medical and legal characteristics of sexual assault victims and to highlight which aspects of the medical examination may be associated with a conviction of the alleged offender. METHODS: This study included all women who consulted to the center for the victims of sexual assault in Nancy between 2008 and 2012 and who filed a complaint. Associations were evaluated with a logistic regression trying to explain the presence of a conviction at the end of the legal proceeding...
March 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659913/lactobacillus-johnsonii-n6-2-modulates-the-host-immune-responses-a-double-blind-randomized-trial-in-healthy-adults
#6
Guillermo E Marcial, Amanda L Ford, Michael J Haller, Salvador A Gezan, Natalie A Harrison, Dan Cai, Julie L Meyer, Daniel J Perry, Mark A Atkinson, Clive H Wasserfall, Timothy Garrett, Claudio F Gonzalez, Todd M Brusko, Wendy J Dahl, Graciela L Lorca
Lactobacillus johnsonii N6.2 mitigates the onset of type 1 diabetes (T1D) in biobreeding diabetes-prone rats, in part, through changes in kynurenine:tryptophan (K:T) ratios. The goal of this pilot study was to determine the safety, tolerance, and general immunological response of L. johnsonii N6.2 in healthy subjects. A double-blind, randomized clinical trial in 42 healthy individuals with no known risk factors for T1D was undertaken to evaluate subject responses to the consumption of L. johnsonii N6.2. Participants received 1 capsule/day containing 10(8) colony-forming units of L...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655856/a-nap-a-day-keeps-the-pain-away
#7
Leslie K Ferrarelli
Getting more sleep or increasing caffeine intake during the day may relieve chronic pain better than typical pain-killers.
June 27, 2017: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628025/-phenotype-facilities-of-lymphocytes-in-hemorrhagic-fever-with-renal-syndrome
#8
M Ivanov, I Balmasova, Z Vasnyova
Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is a feral herd disease caused by hantaviruses. HERS may be severe and its manifestations include acute renal failure, intoxication, hemorrhages and pain syndrome. Hantaviruses as pathogen of HFRS wield considerable influence on the character of the immune response, in particular, is capable of lymphocytic cytolysis suppressing. It was found that cytotoxic T lymphocytes along with NKT and CD8 + regulatory T cells play the key role in the immune mechanisms of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome...
May 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614055/inhibition-of-autoimmune-th17-cell-responses-by-pain-killer-ketamine
#9
Jeong-Eun Lee, Jung-Man Lee, Young-Jun Park, Byung-Seok Kim, Young-Tae Jeon, Yeonseok Chung
Ketamine is widely used in animals and humans as a systemic anesthetic. Although several immune-modulatory functions of ketamine have been reported, the effects of ketamine on the differentiation of Th17 cell are unknown. We found that ketamine significantly diminished the frequency of IL-17-producers among CD4+ T cells stimulated under Th17-skewing conditions. Mechanistic studies showed that ketamine had little effect on the production of Th17-inducing cytokines by dendritic cells and the proliferation of T cells in response to anti-CD3; however it significantly hampered IL-21 expression as well as STAT3 phosphorylation in T cells upon IL-6 stimulation...
May 31, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596313/erratum-for-the-report-a-nontoxic-pain-killer-designed-by-modeling-of-pathological-receptor-conformations-by-v-spahn-g-del-vecchio-d-labuz-a-rodriguez-gaztelumendi-n-massaly-j-temp-v-durmaz-p-sabri-m-reidelbach-h-machelska-m-weber-c-stein
#10
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593737/influence-of-opioids-on-immune-function-in-patients-with-cancer-pain-from-bench-to-bedside
#11
REVIEW
Jason W Boland, A Graham Pockley
In patients with cancer, opioids are principally used for the management of acute surgical and chronic cancer-related pain. However, opioids have many non-analgesic effects, including direct and indirect effects on cancer cells and on anti-tumour immunity (natural killer (NK) cells, macrophages and T-cells). Direct effects on immune cells are manifested via opioid and non-opioid Toll-like receptors, whereas indirect effects are manifested via the sympathetic nervous system and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis...
June 8, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583512/comprehensive-management-of-congenital-choanal-atresia
#12
Pierre Brihaye, Isabelle Delpierre, Andrée De Villé, Anne-Britt Johansson, Dominique Biarent, Anne-Laure Mansbach
OBJECTIVES: To present results of a one-stage minimally invasive surgical procedure for congenital choanal atresia (CCA). Seven outcome measures were applied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study conducted between 1999 and 2015. The same endonasal endoscopic approach with multiflaps and no stenting was used on 36 children. The flaps were attached with fibrine glue. There were 50% unilateral and 50% bilateral cases, 70% primary and 30% secondary surgery. The mean age at primary surgery for bilateral atresia was 10 days and for unilateral atresia 4 years...
July 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579386/microrna-and-chronic-pain-from-mechanisms-to-therapeutic-potential
#13
REVIEW
María José López-González, Marc Landry, Alexandre Favereaux
Chronic pain is a major public health issue with an incidence of 20-25% worldwide that can take different forms like neuropathic, cancer-related or inflammatory pain. Chronic pain often limits patients in their daily activities leading to despair. Thus, the goal of treatments is to relieve pain sufficiently to enable patients to go back to a normal life. Unfortunately, few patients with chronic pain obtain complete relief from the analgesics that are currently available. It is thus of prime importance to get a better understanding of chronic pain mechanisms to design new therapeutic strategies and pain-killers...
June 1, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537918/cryoablation-combined-with-allogenic-natural-killer-cell-immunotherapy-improves-the-curative-effect-in-patients-with-advanced-hepatocellular-cancer
#14
Mao Lin, Shuzhen Liang, Xiaohua Wang, Yinqing Liang, Mingjie Zhang, Jibing Chen, Lizhi Niu, Kecheng Xu
In this study, the clinical efficacy of cryosurgery combined with allogenic natural killer cell immunotherapy for advanced hepatocellular cancer was evaluated. From October 2015 to March 2017, we enrolled 61 patients who met the enrollment criteria and divided them into two groups: 1) the simple cryoablation group (Cryo group, n = 26); and 2) the cryoablation combined with allogenic natural killer cells group (Cryo-NK group, n = 35), the safety and short-term effects were evaluated firstly, then the median progression-free survival, response rate and disease control rate were assessed...
May 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520652/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-laparoscopic-and-open-distal-pancreatectomy-of-nonductal-adenocarcinomatous-pancreatic-tumor-ndacpt-in-the-pancreatic-body-and-tail
#15
Xiaojiang Yi, Sile Chen, Wei Wang, Liaonan Zou, Dechang Diao, Yansheng Zheng, Yaobin He, Hongming Li, Lijie Luo, Wenjun Xiong, Jin Wan
BACKGROUND: Currently, laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy is regarded as a safe and effective surgical approach for lesions in the body and tail of the pancreas. This review examined the evidence from published data of comparative studies of laparoscopic versus open distal pancreatectomy of nonductal adenocarcinomatous pancreatic tumor in pancreatic body and tail. METHODS: A systematic review of the studies comparing laparoscopic and open distal pancreatectomy was conducted...
August 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509795/two-cents-worth-from-pain-killer-makers-perry-davis-son
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428748/resting-state-neuroimaging-and-neuropsychological-findings-in-opioid-use-disorder-during-abstinence-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Hada Fong-Ha Ieong, Zhen Yuan
Dependence to opiates, including illicit heroin and prescription pain killers, and treatment of the opioid use disorder (OUD) have been longstanding problems over the world. Despite intense efforts to scientific investigation and public health care, treatment outcomes have not significantly improved for the past 50 years. One reason behind the continuing use of heroin worldwide despite such efforts is its highly addictive nature. Brain imaging studies over the past two decades have made significant contribution to the understanding of the addictive properties as to be due in part to biological processes, specifically those in the brain structure and function...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370135/aptamer-entrapment-in-microfluidic-channel-using-one-step-sol-gel-process-in-view-of-the-integration-of-a-new-selective-extraction-phase-for-lab-on-a-chip
#18
Camille Perréard, Fanny d'Orlyé, Sophie Griveau, Baohong Liu, Fethi Bedioui, Anne Varenne
There is a great demand for integrating sample treatment into micro total analysis systems. In this context, we developed a new sol-gel phase for extraction of trace compounds in complex matrices. For this purpose, the incorporation of aptamers in silica-based gel within PDMS/glass microfluidic channels was performed for the first time by a one-step sol-gel process. The effective gel attachment onto microchannel walls and aptamer incorporation in the polymerized gel were evaluated using fluorescence microscopy...
March 30, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343680/the-medical-itineraries-of-blaise-cendrars-neuropsychiatry-marks-life-and-literature
#19
REVIEW
L Tatu, J Bogousslavsky
Neuropsychiatry had a profound impact on the life and work of one of the most influential French writers of the 20th century, Frédéric Sauser, better known by his pen name Blaise Cendrars (1887-1961). Cendrars, whose right writing hand was amputated after a battlefield wound in 1915, described with acuity his stump pain and phantom limb syndrome. He became a left-handed writer. Between 1956 and his death in 1961, he also suffered two strokes that progressively paralyzed his left side and greatly diminished his ability to speak...
March 2017: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324318/botulinum-neurotoxin-type-a-for-the-treatment-of-pain-not-just-in-migraine-and-trigeminal-neuralgia
#20
REVIEW
Giorgio Sandrini, Roberto De Icco, Cristina Tassorelli, Nicola Smania, Stefano Tamburin
BACKGROUND: Despite their huge epidemiological impact, primary headaches, trigeminal neuralgia and other chronic pain conditions still receive suboptimal medical approach, even in developed countries. The limited efficacy of current pain-killers and prophylactic treatments stands among the main reasons for this phenomenon. Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) represents a well-established and licensed treatment for chronic migraine, but also an emerging treatment for other types of primary headache, trigeminal neuralgia, neuropathic pain, and an increasing number of pain conditions...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
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