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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938218/late-life-suicide-prevention-strategies-current-status-and-future-directions
#1
REVIEW
Kim Van Orden, Charlene Deming
Late life suicide prevention differs from suicide prevention for other age groups: first, the number of older adults worldwide is on the rise; second, late-life suicide receives much less attention in all societal spheres, from the media, to federal funding agencies, to healthcare initiatives. Recent findings indicate an association between internalized ageist stereotypes and reduced will to live. Recent research also addresses the role of cognitive control as a contributor to risk and as an intervention target (e...
September 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935552/natural-products-applied-against-hydatid-cyst-protoscolices-a-review-of-past-to-present
#2
REVIEW
Mohammad Hasan Kohansal Koshki, Abbasali Nourian, Mohammad Taghi Rahimi, Ahmad Daryani, Adel Spotin, Ehsan Ahmadpour
Echinococcus granulosus is the causative agent of cystic echinococcosis (CE), which is distributed all around the world. CE is one of the most important global parasitic infectious diseases, both in humans and animals. This parasite causes hydatid cysts that can be lodge at different organs of host such as liver, lung even in heart and brain which may lead to death. Presently, numerous scolicidal chemical agents have been administrated for inactivation of the hydatid cyst contents. Because of increasing resistance and adverse effects of medications include abnormalities of liver function, abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and headache; there is a need to find alternative therapies either with the least or without side effects...
September 18, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934780/efficacy-of-cannabis-based-medicines-for-pain-management-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#3
J Aviram, G Samuelly-Leichtag
BACKGROUND: The management of chronic pain is a complex challenge worldwide. Cannabis-based medicines (CBMs) have proven to be efficient in reducing chronic pain, although the topic remains highly controversial in this field. OBJECTIVES: This study's aim is to conduct a conclusive review and meta-analysis, which incorporates all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in order to update clinicians' and researchers' knowledge regarding the efficacy and adverse events (AEs) of CBMs for chronic and postoperative pain treatment...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933605/early-active-rehabilitation-after-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repair-a-prospective-randomized-pilot-study
#4
Rudolf Raschhofer, Nikos Poulios, Wolfgang Schimetta, Rüdiger Kisling, Christian Mittermaier
OBJECTIVE: To compare two different rehabilitation strategies, primary passive motion versus early isometric loading of the rotator cuff. DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled observer-blinded pilot study. SETTING: Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. SUBJECTS: Thirty patients after rotator cuff surgery. INTERVENTION: All participants were randomly assigned to one of the two outpatient treatment groups: primary passive motion versus early isometric loading of the rotator cuff...
October 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933478/natural-product-modulators-of-human-sensations-and-mood-molecular-mechanisms-and-therapeutic-potential
#5
REVIEW
Tomáš Pluskal, Jing-Ke Weng
Humans perceive physical information about the surrounding environment through their senses. This physical information is registered by a collection of highly evolved and finely tuned molecular sensory receptors. A multitude of bioactive, structurally diverse ligands have evolved in nature that bind these molecular receptors. The complex, dynamic interactions between the ligands and the receptors lead to changes in our sensory perception or mood. Here, we review our current knowledge of natural products and their derived analogues that interact specifically with human G protein-coupled receptors, ion channels, and nuclear hormone receptors to modulate the sensations of taste, smell, temperature, pain, and itch, as well as mood and its associated behaviour...
September 21, 2017: Chemical Society Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930903/effects-of-localized-cold-therapy-on-pain-in-postoperative-spinal-fusion-patients-a-randomized-control-trial
#6
Patricia Quinlan, Jack Davis, Kara Fields, Pia Madamba, Lisa Colman, Daniela Tinca, Regina Cannon Drake
BACKGROUND: Cold therapy used in the sports medicine settings has been found to be effective in reducing postoperative pain; however, there are limited studies that examine the effect of cold therapy on postoperative pain in patients with posterior lumbar spinal fusion. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of cold on postoperative spine pain and add to the body of knowledge specific to practical application of cold therapy in the spine surgery setting...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930222/add-on-complementary-medicine-in-cancer-care-evidence-in-literature-and-experiences-of-integration
#7
REVIEW
Elio Rossi, Mariella Di Stefano, Fabio Firenzuoli, Maria Valeria Monechi, Sonia Baccetti
Background: According to the literature an increasing number of cancer patients demand for complementary therapies during their disease. Research has demonstrated that some of these therapies are effective and safe as adjunctive treatments in specific symptoms of these patients. Methods: The aims of the paper are to review the main and recent papers of international literature on the effectiveness of complementary medicine (CM) therapies on side effects of anti-cancer protocols and improvement in the quality of life of oncological patients, and to describe the integration of evidence-based acupuncture, herbal medicine and homeopathy treatments in Public Cancer Network of the region of Tuscany...
January 24, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929669/-clinical-analysis-of-modified-chaiping-decoction-in-treating-hbeag-negative-chronic-hepatitis-b
#8
Zheng-Rong Ye, Wei-Xing Du, Lin Wu
To observe the clinical efficacy of modified Chaiping decoction for HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B under DaBianZheng theory(syndrome differentiation theory) guidance with understanding of purgative detoxing and modern pharmacology research of traditional Chinese medicine. The patients with HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B(n=119) were randomly divided into treatment group(n=69) and control group(n=50). The patients in treatment group were treated with the modified Chaiping decoction(6 doses per week, one dose every day in two times by oral administration), and the patients in control group were treated with lamivudine(LAM) (100 mg/time, once a day)...
October 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929647/-research-progress-of-guanxin-danshen-formula-and-its-effective-components-in-treating-coronary-artery-heart-disease
#9
REVIEW
Shi-Min Tang, Xiao-Yan Xing, Xue-Hong Deng, Na-Na Zhao, Guang Li, Rui-Chuang Yang, Gui-Bo Sun, Xiao-Bo Sun
Coronary artery heart disease (CHD) is one of the common cardiovascular diseases in clinical. The morbidity and mortality of CHD recently continue increasing in our country, which has aroused wide attention. Many studies confirm that traditional Chinese medicine has better therapeutic effect on CHD. Guanxin Danshen formula, widely used in the treatment of CHD, consists of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma and volatile oil from Dalbergiae Odoriferae Lignum, and has the efficacy in promoting blood circulation to resolve stasis, regulating the circulation of Qi and alleviating pain...
October 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917972/research-on-the-antioxidant-wound-healing-and-anti-inflammatory-activities-and-the-phytochemical-composition-of-maritime-pine-pinus-pinaster-ait
#10
İbrahim Tümen, Esra Küpeli Akkol, Hakkı Taştan, Ipek Süntar, Mehmet Kurtca
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ethnobotanical investigations have shown that the Pinus species have been used against rheumatic pain and for wound healing in Turkish folk medicine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study, phytochemical composition, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and wound healing activities of Maritime Pine (Pinus pinaster Ait.) that is collected in Turkey are investigated. Essential oil composition and the amount of extracts (lipophilic and hydrophilic) of maritime pine wood and fresh cone samples had been tested...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912613/is-medicine-losing-its-way-a-firm-foundation-for-medicine-as-a-real-therapeia
#11
Willem Jacobus Cardinal Eijk
Is medicine losing its way? This question may seem to imply a serious warning, one needing a further explanation. What I mean to say by the title of this paper is that we can detect an undeniable shift in medicine in the last forty to fifty years. Medicine used to focus on what we call "health care" in a classical sense, that is, the treatment of people suffering from diseases, injuries or handicaps, or the alleviation of pain and other symptoms. In addition to this, in the last half century, it has begun to offer more and more treatments aiming to perfect the qualities of people who are otherwise healthy...
August 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910997/paediatric-nuclear-medicine-imaging
#12
Lorenzo Biassoni, Marina Easty
Background: Nuclear medicine imaging explores tissue viability and function by using radiotracers that are taken up at cellular level with different mechanism. This imaging technique can also be used to assess blood flow and transit through tubular organs. Nuclear medicine imaging has been used in paediatrics for decades and this field is continuously evolving. Sources of data: The data presented comes from clinical experience and some milestone papers on the subject...
September 1, 2017: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895673/the-effect-of-interferential-current-therapy-on-patients-with-subacromial-impingement-syndrome-a-randomized-double-blind-sham-controlled-study
#13
Tuba Nazligul, Pinar Akpinar, Ilknur Aktas, Feyza Unlu Ozkan, Hulya Cagliyan Hartevioglu
BACKGROUND: Although interferential current (IFC) is a common electrotherapeutic modality used to treat musculoskeletal pain, there is not any randomized controlled trial investigating its clinical efficacy in subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS). AIM: Investigation of effectiveness of IFC treatment in patients with SAIS. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled study. SETTING: Physical medicine and rehabilitation outpatient clinic...
September 11, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894532/an-ethno-pharmacological-study-of-plants-used-for-traditional-medication-in-tangail-district-bangladesh
#14
A H M Mahmudur Rahman, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei
BACKGROUND: In Bangladesh, folk medicinal practitioners are called "Kaviraj" and are consulted for treatment of various ailments by a large part of the rural and urban population. There are some previous studies conducted in the Tangail district of Bangladesh about medicinal plants, but there is no relevant information about this aspect in some parts of this district. AIM: To conduct an ethno-pharmacological survey among the "Kaviraj" of two upazilas (regions) in Tangail district, namely Tangail Sadar Upazila and Nagarpur Upazila, to identify the trouble-free formulations of medicinal plants for various diseases used by the folk medicine practitioners on or after other forms of medical practices...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885590/ethnopharmacology-and-therapeutic-value-of-bridelia-micrantha-hochst-baill-in-tropical-africa-a-comprehensive-review
#15
REVIEW
Alfred Maroyi
Bridelia micrantha is traditionally used in tropical Africa to treat a wide range of human and animal diseases. The aim of this study was to summarise the research that has been done on the ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological properties of B. micrantha so as to understand its importance and potential value in primary healthcare systems. The literature search for information on ethnomedicinal uses and pharmacological activities of B. micrantha was undertaken using databases such as Web of Science, Scopus, Google Scholar, Science Direct, BioMed Central (BMC), PubMed and Springerlink...
September 8, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882346/current-evidence-regarding-the-treatment-of-pediatric-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-a-report-from-the-scoliosis-research-society-evidence-based-medicine-committee
#16
Charles H Crawford, A Noelle Larson, Marilyn Gates, R Shay Bess, Tenner J Guillaume, Han Jo Kim, Matthew E Oetgen, Charles G Ledonio, James Sanders, Douglas C Burton
STUDY DESIGN: Structured literature review. OBJECTIVES: The Scoliosis Research Society requested an assessment of the current state of peer-reviewed evidence regarding pediatric lumbar spondylolisthesis to identify what is known and what research remains essential to further understanding. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pediatric lumbar spondylolisthesis is common, yet no formal synthesis of the published literature regarding treatment has been previously performed...
September 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878478/clinical-features-of-patients-diagnosed-with-degenerative-rotator-cuff-tendon-disease-a-6-month-prospective-definitive-clinical-study-from-turkey
#17
Tuba Tülay Koca, Aydın Arslan, Filiz Özdemir, Günseli Acet
[Purpose] In rotator cuff tendon disease (RCTD), anamnesis is as important as clinical findings and anatomic/radio diagnostic examination. This study aimed to investigate the clinical features of patients diagnosed with RCTD using clinical and radiological methods between March 2015 and August 2015 at Malatya Research and Training Hospital Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation department. [Subjects and Methods] The study included 178 patients who were diagnosed with RCTD (128 females and 50 males). A questionnaire comprising 33 questions was given to each patient...
August 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874924/reduction-in-pain-medication-prescriptions-and-self-reported-outcomes-associated-with-acupuncture-in-a-military-patient-population
#18
Paul Crawford, Donald B Penzien, Remy Coeytaux
Background: Acupuncture is being offered to patients as part of routine medical care in selected military bases in the United States. There is little published information about the clinical outcomes associated with acupuncture in these clinical settings. Objective: The goal of this research was to assess clinical outcomes observed among adult patients who received acupuncture treatments at a United States Air Force medical center. Materials and Methods: This retrospective chart review was performed at the Nellis Family Medicine Residency in the Mike O'Callaghan Military Medical Center at Nellis Air Force Base in Las Vegas, NV...
August 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862129/duration-of-intravenous-antibiotic-therapy-for-children-with-acute-osteomyelitis-or-septic-arthritis-a-feasibility-study
#19
Hans de Graaf, Priya Sukhtankar, Barbara Arch, Nusreen Ahmad, Amanda Lees, Abigail Bennett, Catherine Spowart, Helen Hickey, Annmarie Jeanes, Kate Armon, Andrew Riordan, Jethro Herberg, Scott Hackett, Carrol Gamble, Delane Shingadia, Ann Pallett, Stuart C Clarke, Philip Henman, Marieke Emonts, Mike Sharland, Adam Finn, Andrew J Pollard, Colin Powell, Peter Marsh, Claire Ballinger, Paula R Williamson, Nicholas Mp Clarke, Saul N Faust
BACKGROUND: There is little current consensus regarding the route or duration of antibiotic treatment for acute osteomyelitis (OM) and septic arthritis (SA) in children. OBJECTIVE: To assess the overall feasibility and inform the design of a future randomised controlled trial (RCT) to reduce the duration of intravenous (i.v.) antibiotic use in paediatric OM and SA. DESIGN: (1) A prospective service evaluation (cohort study) to determine the current disease spectrum and UK clinical practice in paediatric OM/SA; (2) a prospective cohort substudy to assess the use of targeted polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in diagnosing paediatric OM/SA; (3) a qualitative study to explore families' views and experiences of OM/SA; and (4) the development of a core outcome set via a systematic review of literature, Delphi clinician survey and stakeholder consensus meeting...
September 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861509/cannabis-and-pain-a-clinical-review
#20
REVIEW
Kevin P Hill, Matthew D Palastro, Brian Johnson, Joseph W Ditre
Introduction: Cannabis has been used for medical purposes across the world for centuries. As states and countries implement medical and recreational cannabis policies, increasing numbers of people are using cannabis pharmacotherapy for pain. There is a theoretical rationale for cannabis' efficacy for pain management, although the subjective pain relief from cannabis may not match objective measurements of analgesia. As more patients turn to cannabis for pain relief, there is a need for additional scientific evidence to evaluate this increase...
2017: Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research
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