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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718952/facets-of-clinical-appearance-and-aetiology-in-an-unusual-bovine-amorphus-globosus
#1
J Weber, N Rudolph, M Freick
Amorphus globosus is a rare entity, more common in the cow but also reported in mares, buffaloes and goats. In respect of both development and clinical presentation, this abnormity can be evolved very variably. Previously, it has been discussed whether it is a form of twin pregnancy or placental teratoma. This case report deals with morphology and genetic observations in an unusual bovine amorphus globosus exhibiting a rudimentary clitoris and vulva, gut-like structures and rudimentary bones. The amorphus globosus was shown to be dizygotic to the normal male twin using the BovineSNP50 v2 BeadChip and had a genetical female sex...
July 18, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718798/co-expression-network-and-pathway-analyses-reveal-important-modules-of-mirnas-regulating-milk-yield-and-component-traits
#2
Duy N Do, Pier-Luc Dudemaine, Ran Li, Eveline M Ibeagha-Awemu
Co-expression network analyses provide insights into the molecular interactions underlying complex traits and diseases. In this study, co-expression network analysis was performed to detect expression patterns (modules or clusters) of microRNAs (miRNAs) during lactation, and to identify miRNA regulatory mechanisms for milk yield and component traits (fat, protein, somatic cell count (SCC), lactose, and milk urea nitrogen (MUN)) via miRNA target gene enrichment analysis. miRNA expression (713 miRNAs), and milk yield and components (Fat%, Protein%, lactose, SCC, MUN) data of nine cows at each of six different time points (day 30 (D30), D70, D130, D170, D230 and D290) of an entire lactation curve were used...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717954/evaluation-of-40-diazinon-impregnated-ear-tag-patriot%C3%A2-for-controlling-horn-flies-and-face-flies-among-cow-calf-pairs-in-the-united-states
#3
Chandra Bhushan, Jason Nickell, Dan Goehl, Brad White, Miles Theurer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717310/cytological-endometritis-and-its-agreement-with-ultrasound-examination-in-postpartum-beef-cows
#4
N Salah, N Yimer
BACKGROUND: Endometritis, which is one of the most common diseases in dairy cows postpartum, causes severe economic losses, including increased open days, calving intervals, and numbers of services to achieve conception. AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the ultrasound method and its agreement with the endometrium cytology method, which is used to diagnose cytological endometritis in beef cows. Moreover, we determined which method has higher sensitivity and specificity at 4 and 5 weeks postpartum...
June 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716901/structural-determination-of-lipid-antigens-captured-at-the-cd1d-t-cell-receptor-interface
#5
Patrick J Brennan, Tan-Yun Cheng, Daniel G Pellicci, Gerald F M Watts, Natacha Veerapen, David C Young, Jamie Rossjohn, Gurdyal S Besra, Dale I Godfrey, Michael B Brenner, D Branch Moody
Glycolipid antigens recognized by αβ T-cell receptors (TCRs) drive the activation of invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells, a specialized subset of innate T lymphocytes. Glycolipids with α-linked anomeric carbohydrates have been identified as potent microbial lipid antigens for iNKT cells, and their unusual α-anomeric linkage has been thought to define a "foreign" lipid antigen motif. However, mammals use endogenous lipids to select iNKT cells, and there is compelling evidence for iNKT cell responses in various types of sterile inflammation...
July 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716291/similarities-between-large-animal-related-and-motor-vehicle-crash-related-injuries
#6
Abigail M Tremelling, Robert A Marley, Mackenzie B Marley, Christina M Woofter, Courtney Docherty, Ann E Salvator, Farid F Muakkassa
OBJECTIVE: Many Americans sustain large animal-related injuries (LARIs) from blunt trauma. We compare the injuries and management of LARI in our region of the United States with those of motor vehicle crashes (MVCs). METHODS: A 15-year retrospective study of trauma patients with LARI matched to MVC controls by Injury Severity Score (ISS), age, and sex was conducted. Values were statistically compared, and differences were considered statistically significant at P < ...
July 14, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716206/contextual-herd-factors-associated-with-cow-culling-risk-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-dairy-herds-a-multilevel-analysis
#7
Denis Haine, Hector Delgado, Roger Cue, Asheber Sewalem, Kevin Wade, René Lacroix, Daniel Lefebvre, Julie Arsenault, Émile Bouchard, Jocelyn Dubuc
Several health disorders, such as milk fever, displaced abomasum, and mastitis, as well as impaired reproductive performance, are known risk factors for the removal of affected cows from a dairy herd. While cow-level risk factors are well documented in the literature, herd-level associations have been less frequently investigated. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of cow- and herd-level determinants on variations in culling risk in Québec dairy herds: whether herd influences a cow's culling risk...
September 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716192/impact-of-fmd-outbreak-on-milk-production-and-heifers-growth-on-a-dairy-herd-in-southern-iran
#8
Maryam Ansari-Lari, Mehdi Mohebbi-Fani, Nicholas A Lyons, Nezamaddin Azizi
Foot and mouth disease is endemic in Middle Eastern countries including Iran but its impact is poorly characterized. The present study was conducted to evaluate the impact of FMD outbreak on milk production and heifers' growth in an industrial dairy herd located in Fars province, southern Iran. Data about individual milk production, heifers' growth and total daily milk (sold for manufacturing), its fat and protein content and somatic cell counts were collected from the herd database. Based on the results of the linear mixed models, a significant decline in individual milk production after the outbreak was observed compared with before the outbreak...
September 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716189/prediction-of-streptococcus-uberis-clinical-mastitis-risk-using-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-maldi-tof-ms-in-dairy-herds
#9
Simon C Archer, Andrew J Bradley, Selin Cooper, Peers L Davies, Martin J Green
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the risk of Streptococcus uberis clinical mastitis at cow level could be predicted from the historical presence of specific strains of S. uberis on dairy farms. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry was used to identify S. uberis isolates potentially capable of contagious transmission. Data were available from 10,652 cows from 52 English and Welsh dairy farms over a 14 month period, and 521 isolates of S. uberis from clinical mastitis cases were available for analysis...
September 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715821/a-history-of-cow-s-milk-allergy-is-associated-with-lower-vitamin-d-status-in-schoolchildren
#10
Jenni Rosendahl, Mikael Fogelholm, Anna Pelkonen, Mika J Mäkelä, Outi Mäkitie, Maijaliisa Erkkola
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Vitamin D insufficiency is common in children. We aimed to evaluate the main determinants of vitamin D status in Finnish school-aged children, including the history of allergic diseases. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study on 171 ten-year-olds where serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) levels were measured, and data on food consumption and use of vitamin D supplements were collected. The history of allergic diseases was evaluated with a validated questionnaire...
July 14, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714911/nutrition-and-allergic-diseases
#11
EDITORIAL
R J J van Neerven, Huub Savelkoul
The development of IgE-mediated allergic diseases is influenced by many factors, including genetic and environmental factors such as pollution and farming, but also by nutrition. In the last decade, substantial progress has been made in our understanding of the impact that nutrition can have on allergic diseases. Many studies have addressed the effect of breastfeeding, pre-, pro- and synbiotics, vitamins and minerals, fiber, fruit and vegetables, cow's milk, and n-3 fatty acids, on the development of allergies...
July 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714321/zoophilia-in-an-adolescent-with-high-functioning-autism-from-sri-lanka
#12
Miyuru Chandradasa, Layani Champika
OBJECTIVE: Zoophilia is a rare paraphilic disorder with intense sexual urges involving animals. Autism is characterised by impairments in social communication and repetitive, restricted behaviours (RRB). Reported cases of zoophilia are limited worldwide, and zoophilia in autism is rarer. METHOD: This is a case report describing this unique and relatively unrecognised association in a male adolescent from Sri Lanka. RESULTS: A 17-year-old boy diagnosed with autism has average intelligence and academic capabilities...
July 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713793/phenotypic-antimicrobial-resistance-profile-of-isolates-causing-clinical-mastitis-in-dairy-animals
#13
Carlotta Ceniti, Domenico Britti, Adriano Michele Luigi Santoro, Rosanna Musarella, Lucia Ciambrone, Francesco Casalinuovo, Nicola Costanzo
Mastitis is the most frequent and costly disease of lactating animals and is associated with a significant reduction in milk yield, increased cost and culling. Early and specific antibiotic based treatment reduces the severity of the disease. Over the years the extensive use of antimicrobials has led to increase antimicrobial resistance. The present study was designed to investigate the prevalence of microorganisms responsible for mastitis and their antimicrobial resistance pattern. A total of 282 milk samples were collected from different animal species (sheep, cows and goats) with clinical mastitis...
April 13, 2017: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712952/a-robust-high-throughput-fungal-biosensor-assay-for-the-detection-of-estrogen-activity
#14
Christoph Zutz, Karen Wagener, Desislava Yankova, Stefanie Eder, Erich Möstl, Marc Drillich, Kathrin Rychli, Martin Wagner, Joseph Strauss
Estrogenic active compounds are present in a variety of sources and may alter biological functions in vertebrates. Therefore, it is crucial to develop innovative analytical systems that allow us to screen a broad spectrum of matrices and deliver fast and reliable results. We present the adaptation and validation of a fungal biosensor for the detection of estrogen activity in cow derived samples and tested the clinical applicability for pregnancy diagnosis in 140 mares and 120 cows. As biosensor we used a previously engineered genetically modified strain of the filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans, which contains the human estrogen receptor alpha and a reporter construct, in which β-galactosidase gene expression is controlled by an estrogen-responsive-element...
July 13, 2017: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712377/breed-of-cow-and-herd-productivity-affect-milk-nutrient-recovery-in-curd-and-cheese-yield-efficiency-and-daily-production
#15
G Stocco, C Cipolat-Gotet, V Gasparotto, A Cecchinato, G Bittante
Little is known about cheese-making efficiency at the individual cow level, so our objective was to study the effects of herd productivity, individual herd within productivity class and breed of cow within herd by producing, then analyzing, 508 model cheeses from the milk of 508 cows of six different breeds reared in 41 multi-breed herds classified into two productivity classes (high v. low). For each cow we obtained six milk composition traits; four milk nutrient (fat, protein, solids and energy) recovery traits (REC) in curd; three actual % cheese yield traits (%CY); two theoretical %CYs (fresh cheese and cheese solids) calculated from milk composition; two overall cheese-making efficiencies (% ratio of actual to theoretical %CYs); daily milk yield (dMY); and three actual daily cheese yield traits (dCY)...
July 17, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712373/impact-of-animal-density-on-cattle-nutrition-in-dry-mediterranean-rangelands-a-faecal-near-ir-spectroscopy-aided-study
#16
S Y Landau, L Dvash, Y Yehuda, H Muklada, G Peleg, Z Henkin, H Voet, E D Ungar
In the context of determining the sustainable carrying capacity of dry-Mediterranean herbaceous rangelands, we examined the effect of animal density on cattle nutrition, which is fundamental to animal performance and welfare. The effects on dietary components of low (0.56 cows/ha; L) and high (1.11 cows/ha; H) animal densities were monitored for three consecutive years in grazing beef cows. In the dry season (summer and early autumn), cows had free access to N-rich poultry litter (PL) given as a dietary supplement...
July 17, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712368/inferring-genetic-parameters-on-latent-variables-underlying-milk-yield-and-quality-protein-composition-curd-firmness-and-cheese-making-traits-in-dairy-cattle
#17
C Dadousis, C Cipolat-Gotet, G Bittante, A Cecchinato
We studied the genetics of cheese-related latent variables (factors; Fs) for application in dairy cattle breeding. In total, 26 traits, recorded in 1264 Brown Swiss cows, were analyzed through multivariate factor analysis (MFA). Traits analyzed were descriptors of milk quality and yield (including protein fractions) and measures of coagulation, curd firmness (CF), cheese yields (%CY) and nutrient recoveries in the curd (REC). A total of 10 Fs (mutual orthogonal with a varimax rotation) were obtained. To assess the practical use of the Fs into breeding, we inferred their genetic parameters using single and bivariate animal models under a Bayesian framework...
July 17, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712316/disturbed-bovine-mitochondrial-lipid-metabolism-a-review
#18
J H van der Kolk, J J Gross, V Gerber, R M Bruckmaier
In mammals, excess energy is stored primarily as triglycerides, which are mobilized when energy demands arise and cannot be covered by feed intake. This review mainly focuses on the role of long chain fatty acids in disturbed energy metabolism of the bovine species. Long chain fatty acids regulate energy metabolism as ligands of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors. β-Oxidation is the process by which fatty acid molecules are broken down in the mitochondria or peroxisomes to generate acetyl-CoA. Carnitine acts as a carrier of fatty acyl groups as long-chain acyl-CoA derivatives do not penetrate the mitochondrial inner membrane...
July 17, 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712180/causes-of-chronic-non-infectious-diarrhoea-in-infants-less-than-6-months-of-age-rarely-recognized-entities
#19
Iqra Mushtaq, Huma Ashraf Cheema, Hassan Suleman Malik, Nadia Waheed, Muhammad Almas Hashmi, Hassan Suleman Malik
BACKGROUND: Non-infectious causes of chronic diarrhoea are important and easily missed. The study was done with the objectives to identify different causes of chronic non-infectious diarrhoea in infants less than 6 months of age. METHODS: All patients less than 6 months of age presenting for the first time to a Paediatric Gastroenterology tertiary care centre with a history of chronic diarrhoea and negative stool cultures were enrolled over a period of 8 months...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712032/copper-stressed-anaerobic-fermentation-biogas-properties-process-stability-biodegradation-and-enzyme-responses
#20
He Hao, Yonglan Tian, Huayong Zhang, Yang Chai
The effect of copper (added as CuCl2) on the anaerobic co-digestion of Phragmites straw and cow dung was studied in pilot experiments by investigating the biogas properties, process stability, substrate degradation and enzyme activities at different stages of mesophilic fermentation. The results showed that 30 and 100 mg/L Cu(2+) addition increased the cumulative biogas yields by up to 43.62 and 20.77% respectively, and brought forward the daily biogas yield peak, while 500 mg/L Cu(2+) addition inhibited biogas production...
July 15, 2017: Biodegradation
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