keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cow

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933646/antisperm-antibodies-in-repeat-breeding-cows-frequency-detection-and-validation-of-threshold-levels-employing-sperm-immobilization-sperm-agglutination-and-immunoperoxidase-assay
#1
S K Srivastava, S Shinde, S K Singh, S Mehrotra, M R Verma, A K Singh, S Nandi, N Srivastava, S K Singh, T K Goswami, S K Bhure, H Kumar, S K Ghosh
Antisperm antibodies have been found in repeat-breeding(RB) cows, and those causing agglutination and/or immobilization of sperm are considered to be closely related to unexplained infertility. However, a standard protocol for identifying antisperm antibodies (ASA) in cattle is not validated. Therefore, an investigation was undertaken to evaluate sperm immobilization (SIT), sperm agglutination (SAT) and immunoperoxidase (IPT)assays for detection of ASA in serum and their respective threshold levels for confirmation...
December 8, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933160/post-sensitization-administration-of-non-digestible-oligosaccharides-and-bifidobacterium-breve-m-16v-reduces-allergic-symptoms-in-mice
#2
Betty C A M van Esch, Suzanne Abbring, Mara A P Diks, Gemma M Dingjan, Lucien F Harthoorn, A Paul Vos, Johan Garssen
To support dietary management of severe cow's milk allergic infants, a synbiotic mixture of non-digestible oligosaccharides and Bifidobacterium breve M-16V (B. breve) was designed from source materials that are completely cow's milk-free. It was investigated whether this specific synbiotic concept can reduce an established food allergic response in a research model for hen's egg allergy. Mice were orally sensitized once a week for 5 weeks to ovalbumin (OVA) using cholera toxin (CT) as an adjuvant. Non-sensitized mice received CT in PBS only...
June 2016: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931924/sensitivity-and-specificity-of-pcr-analysis-and-bacteriological-culture-of-milk-samples-for-identification-of-intramammary-infections-in-dairy-cows-using-latent-class-analysis
#3
A-K Nyman, K Persson Waller, U Emanuelson, J Frössling
Real-time PCR analysis of milk samples is a fast method to identify intramammary infections (IMI) in dairy cows, and has the potential to be used for routine analysis of test milking composite milk samples. However, the results of the PCR analysis can be difficult to interpret. The objective of this study was to compare the sensitivity (Se) and specificity (Sp) of PCR analysis of composite milk samples, and conventional bacteriological culturing (BC) of quarter milk samples, when used to identify cows with IMI...
December 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931280/safety-profile-of-oral-immunotherapy-with-cows-milk-and-hen-egg-a-10-year-experience-in-controlled-trials
#4
Giovanni B Pajno, Lucia Caminiti, Fernanda Chiera, Giuseppe Crisafulli, Giuseppina Salzano, Stefania Arasi, Giovanni Passalacqua
BACKGROUND: Oral immunotherapy (OIT) for food allergy is gaining interest due to the favorable clinical results reported with cow's milk, hen egg and peanut. The safety of the procedure remains a critical aspect that can limit the introduction of OIT in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: We described herein, in detail, the occurrence and characteristics of adverse events (AE) with OIT in children who participated in controlled trials at our unit. METHODS: The clinical records of 68 children who received active treatment (40 for cow's milk and 28 for hen egg) were carefully reviewed...
September 2016: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927182/the-complete-genome-sequence-of-the-african-buffalo-syncerus-caffer
#5
Brigitte Glanzmann, Marlo Möller, Nikki le Roex, Gerard Tromp, Eileen G Hoal, Paul D van Helden
BACKGROUND: The African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) is an important role player in the savannah ecosystem. It has become a species of relevance because of its role as a wildlife maintenance host for an array of infectious and zoonotic diseases some of which include corridor disease, foot-and-mouth disease and bovine tuberculosis. To date, no complete genome sequence for S. caffer had been available for study and the genomes of other species such as the domestic cow (Bos taurus) had been used as a proxy for any genetics analysis conducted on this species...
December 7, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925408/application-of-single-step-genomic-best-linear-unbiased-prediction-with-a-multiple-lactation-random-regression-test-day-model-for-japanese-holsteins
#6
Toshimi Baba, Yusaku Gotoh, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Satoshi Nakagawa, Hayato Abe, Yutaka Masuda, Takayoshi Kawahara
This study aimed to evaluate a validation reliability of single-step genomic best linear unbiased prediction (ssGBLUP) with a multiple-lactation random regression test-day model and investigate an effect of adding genotyped cows on the reliability. Two data sets for test-day records from the first three lactations were used: full data from February 1975 to December 2015 (60 850 534 records from 2 853 810 cows) and reduced data cut off in 2011 (53 091 066 records from 2 502 307 cows). We used marker genotypes of 4480 bulls and 608 cows...
December 7, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925313/isolation-proliferation-and-characterization-of-endometrial-canine-stem-cells
#7
V De Cesaris, S Grolli, C Bresciani, V Conti, G Basini, E Parmigiani, E Bigliardi
In the last decade, progenitor cells isolated from dissociated endometrial tissue have been the subject of many studies in several animal species. Recently, endometrial cells showing characteristics of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have been demonstrated in human, pig and cow uterine tissue samples. The aim of this study was the isolation and characterization of stromal cells from the endometrium of healthy bitches, a tissue that after elective surgery is routinely discarded. Multipotent stromal cells could be isolated from all bitches enrolled in the study (n = 7)...
December 7, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925307/a-new-device-to-inseminate-cows-at-the-base-of-the-uterine-horns
#8
O García-Peña, R Rangel-Santos, R Rodríguez-De Lara, C A Apodaca-Sarabia, E Maldonado-Simán
A new device (Chapingo device) to deposit semen at the base of the uterine horns of cattle was developed at Universidad Autonoma Chapingo, Mexico. Nine Holstein heifers were inseminated by transvaginal laparoscopy, using a laparoscope for cattle and the Chapingo device. A dose of sexed semen (2.1 × 10(6) spermatozoa) was deposited at the base of the uterine horn ipsilateral to the ovary where the preovulatory follicle was identified. Insemination was achieved in all the heifers, taking on average 13.7 ± 3...
December 7, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924402/age-related-response-of-rumen-microbiota-to-mineral-salt-and-effects-of-their-interactions-on-enteric-methane-emissions-in-cattle
#9
C Liu, X H Li, Y X Chen, Z H Cheng, Q H Duan, Q H Meng, X P Tao, B Shang, H M Dong
Mineral salt bricks are often used in cow raising as compensation for mineral losses to improve milk yield, growth, and metabolic activity. Generally, effects of minerals are partially thought to result from improvement of microbial metabolism, but their influence on the rumen microbiota has rarely been documented to date. In this study, we investigated the response of microbiota to mineral salt in heifer and adult cows and evaluated ruminal fermentation and enteric methane emissions of cows fed mineral salts...
December 6, 2016: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922230/consensus-statement-on-diagnosis-treatment-and-follow-up-of-cow-s-milk-protein-allergy-among-infants-and-children-in-turkey
#10
Aydan Kansu, Aysel Yüce, Buket Dalgıç, Bülent Enis Şekerel, Fügen Çullu-Çokuğraş, Haluk Çokuğraş
The present paper aims to provide experts' consensus on diagnosis and management of cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) among infants and children in Turkey, based on review of available evidence-based guidelines, publications and experts' clinical experience. The experts agreed that CMPA diagnosis should be based on symptomatic evaluation and diagnostic elimination diet as followed by implementation of an open challenge test after disappearance of symptoms and confirmation of CMPA diagnosis in re-appearance of symptoms...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921362/effects-of-mineral-salt-supplement-on-enteric-methane-emissions-ruminal-fermentation-and-methanogen-community-of-lactating-cows
#11
Xiaohua Li, Chong Liu, Yongxing Chen, Rongguang Shi, Zhenhua Cheng, Hongmin Dong
We evaluated the effects of mineral salt supplement on enteric methane emissions, ruminal fermentation and methanogen community of dairy cows over a whole lactation period. Ten Holstein cows fed a total mixed ration (TMR) diet were randomly allocated into two groups, one supplied with mineral salts as the treatment group and the other as the control group. The methane measurement showed that the ingestion of mineral salts lowered enteric methane emissions significantly (P < 0.05), with an average of 10...
December 6, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917749/introduction-of-complementary-foods-in-sweden-and-impact-of-maternal-education-on-feeding-practices
#12
Sofia Klingberg, Johnny Ludvigsson, Hilde K Brekke
OBJECTIVE: To describe the introduction of complementary foods in a population-based cohort in relation to recommendations and explore the possible impact of maternal education on infant feeding practices. DESIGN: Prospective data from the All Babies in Southeast Sweden (ABIS) cohort study were used. The ABIS study invited all infants born in south-east Sweden during October 1997-October 1999 (n 21 700) to participate. A questionnaire was completed for 16 022 infants...
December 5, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917680/development-of-nitrogen-and-methane-losses-in-the-first-eight-weeks-of-lactation-in-holstein-cows-subjected-to-deficiency-of-utilisable-crude-protein-under-restrictive-feeding-conditions
#13
Franz Sutter, Angela Schwarm, Michael Kreuzer
Low-protein diets are increasingly being used in dairy cow nutrition to minimise noxious nitrogen (N) emissions. However, at parturition, the lower milk yield at that time may mask deficiency in dietary utilisable crude protein (uCP; equivalent to metabolisable protein). Under restrictive feeding conditions, farmers would limit the feed allowance to match the lower measured milk yield, thereby exacerbating the deficiency. The consequences for N emission intensity per kg milk yield and methane emissions are unknown...
February 2017: Archives of Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917623/impact-of-ige-mediated-food-allergy-on-parental-quality-of-life-in-iranian-patients
#14
Seyed Mohammad Fathi, Marzieh Tavakol, Nima Rezaei, Masoud Movahedi, Asghar Aghamohammadi, Mansoureh Shariat, Bamdad Sadeghi, Nasrin Behniafard, Behzad Darabi, Alireza Hajikhani, Ibrahim Abdollahpour, Mohammad Gharagozlou
Food allergy is a common disorder especially in the first years of life. Strict avoidance of the responsible food is the most effective therapeutic measure so far. But this continuous vigilance could be stressful for the patient and family and decreases their quality of life (QOL). This survey was designed to evaluate the impact of IgE-mediated food allergy on parental QOL in Iranian patients and to develop a valid Persian version of "Food Allergy Quality Of Life- Parental Burden (FAQL-PB) questionnaire". 90 patients (28 females, 62 males) and their parents who were referred to the clinic of Allergy in Children's Medical Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran were enrolled...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917357/enhancing-rock-phosphate-integration-rate-for-fast-bio-transformation-of-cow-dung-waste-paper-mixtures-to-organic-fertilizer
#15
F O Unuofin, M Siswana, E N Cishe
Rock phosphate (RP) addition in cow-dung waste-paper mixtures at rates above 2% P has been reported to increase the rate of bio-transformation and humification of organic waste mixtures during vermicomposting to produce organic fertilizer for organic farming. However, the optimization of RP for vermicomposting was not established. The objective of this study was to determine the optimal amount of RP integration rates for effective bio-transformation of cow-dung waste-paper mixtures. Arrays of RP integration degrees (0, 0...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917164/longitudinal-study-of-two-irish-dairy-herds-low-numbers-of-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-o157-and-o26-super-shedders-identified
#16
Brenda P Murphy, Evonne McCabe, Mary Murphy, James F Buckley, Dan Crowley, Séamus Fanning, Geraldine Duffy
A 12-month longitudinal study was undertaken on two dairy herds to ascertain the Shiga-toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157 and O26 shedding status of the animals and its impact (if any) on raw milk. Cattle are a recognized reservoir for these organisms with associated public health and environmental implications. Animals shedding E. coli O157 at >10,000 CFU/g of feces have been deemed super-shedders. There is a gap in the knowledge regarding super-shedding of other STEC serogroups. A cohort of 40 lactating cows from herds previously identified as positive for STEC in a national surveillance project were sampled every second month between August, 2013 and July, 2014...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915439/presence-of-ureaplasma-diversum-in-the-genital-tracts-of-female-dairy-cattle-in-mato-grosso-state-brazil
#17
Jaqueline B Azevedo, Gustavo S Silva, Priscylla S Rocha, Letícia C Pitchenin, Valéria Dutra, Luciano Nakazato, Anderson Castro Soares de Oliveira, Caroline A Pescador
Ureaplasma diversum infection in bovine females may result in various reproductive problems, including granular vulvovaginitis, abortion, weak calves, salpingitis, and spontaneous abortion. The presence of U. diversum in a dairy bovine population from midwestern Brazil has not been established. The aim of this study was to determine whether U. diversum was present in dairy cattle from midwestern Brazil using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Vulvovaginal mucus was analyzed from 203 cows located in six municipalities in the north region of Mato Grosso State, Brazil...
December 3, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915437/selective-reliable-blood-and-milk-bio-markers-for-diagnosing-clinical-and-subclinical-bovine-mastitis
#18
Kadry Sadek, Ebeed Saleh, Mousa Ayoub
Mastitis is positioned as the most vital ailment in dairy cows in light of conventional cost examinations. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of different acute phase proteins (APPs), pro-inflammatory cytokines, and oxidative stress biomarkers in healthy cows and in those with clinical or subclinical mastitis and to localize APP gene expression in the milk of mastitic cows. Therefore, 20 subclinical mastitic cows with positive California Mastitis Test (CMT) results and no clinical signs of mastitis, 15 clinically mastitic cows, and 15 healthy cows with negative CMT results and somatic cell count (SCC) of <600,000 cells/mL were selected...
December 3, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913794/tlr-ligands-but-not-modulators-of-histone-modifiers-can-induce-the-complex-immune-response-pattern-of-endotoxin-tolerance-in-mammary-epithelial-cells
#19
Juliane Günther, Wolfram Petzl, Holm Zerbe, Hans-Joachim Schuberth, Hans-Martin Seyfert
Excessive stimulation of the TLR4 axis through LPS reduces the expression of some cytokine genes in immune cells, while stimulating the expression of immune defense genes during a subsequent bacterial infection. This endotoxin tolerance (ET) is mediated via epigenetic mechanisms. Priming the udder of cows with LPS was shown to induce ET in mammary epithelial cells (MEC), thereby protecting the udder against reinfection for some time. Seeking alternatives to LPS priming we tried to elicit ET by priming MEC with either lipopeptide (Pam2CSK4) via the TLR2/6 axis or inhibitors of histone-modifying enzymes...
December 1, 2016: Innate Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912754/bovine-mastitis-prevalence-risk-factors-and-isolation-of-staphylococcus-aureus-in-dairy-herds-at-hawassa-milk-shed-south-ethiopia
#20
Rahmeto Abebe, Hagere Hatiya, Mesele Abera, Bekele Megersa, Kassahun Asmare
BACKGROUND: Mastitis is a disease of major economic importance in dairy industry worldwide. It is of particular concern in developing countries like Ethiopia, where milk and milk products are scarce. The objectives of the study were to estimate the prevalence of mastitis, identify the cow-and herd-level potential risk factors and isolate Staphylococcus aureus, one of etiological agents for contagious mastitis, from cows positive for mastitis. A total of 529 lactating cows selected randomly from 95 herds were screened by California mastitis test (CMT) for sub-clinical mastitis...
December 3, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
keyword
keyword
77415
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"