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Behavior and neuro economic process

Jérémie Naudé, Malou Dongelmans, Philippe Faure
Addiction to nicotine is characterized by impulses, urges and lack of self-control towards cigarettes. A key element in the process of addiction is the development of habits oriented towards nicotine consumption that surpass flexible systems as a consequence of a gradual adaptation to chronic drug exposure. However, the long-term effects of nicotine on brain circuits also induce wide changes in decision-making processes, affecting behaviors unrelated to cigarettes. This review aims at providing an update on the implications of nicotine on general decision-making processes, with an emphasis on impulsivity and risk-taking...
September 2015: Neuropharmacology
Emily B Falk, Luke W Hyde, Colter Mitchell, Jessica Faul, Richard Gonzalez, Mary M Heitzeg, Daniel P Keating, Kenneth M Langa, Meghan E Martz, Julie Maslowsky, Frederick J Morrison, Douglas C Noll, Megan E Patrick, Fabian T Pfeffer, Patricia A Reuter-Lorenz, Moriah E Thomason, Pamela Davis-Kean, Christopher S Monk, John Schulenberg
The last decades of neuroscience research have produced immense progress in the methods available to understand brain structure and function. Social, cognitive, clinical, affective, economic, communication, and developmental neurosciences have begun to map the relationships between neuro-psychological processes and behavioral outcomes, yielding a new understanding of human behavior and promising interventions. However, a limitation of this fast moving research is that most findings are based on small samples of convenience...
October 29, 2013: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Warren K Bickel, Mikhail N Koffarnus, Lara Moody, A George Wilson
Addiction science would benefit from the identification of a behavioral marker. A behavioral marker could reflect the projected clinical course of the disorder, function as a surrogate measure of clinical outcome, and/or may be related to biological components that underlie the disorder. In this paper we review relevant literature, made possible with the early and sustained support by NIDA, to determine whether temporal discounting, a neurobehavioral process derived from behavioral economics and further explored through neuroeconomics, may function as a behavioral marker...
January 2014: Neuropharmacology
Luke J Chang, Alan G Sanfey
Social expectations play a critical role in everyday decision-making. However, their precise neuro-computational role in the decision process remains unknown. Here we adopt a decision neuroscience framework by combining methods and theories from psychology, economics and neuroscience to outline a novel, expectation-based, computational model of social preferences. Results demonstrate that this model outperforms the standard inequity-aversion model in explaining decision behavior in a social interactive bargaining task...
March 2013: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
Toshiya Matsushima, Ai Kawamori, Tiaza Bem-Sojka
Studies on the foraging choices are reviewed, with an emphasis on the neural representations of elementary factors of food (i.e., amount, delay and consumption time) in the avian brain. Domestic chicks serve as an ideal animal model in this respect, as they quickly associate cue colors with subsequently supplied food rewards, and their choices are quantitatively linked with the rewards. When a pair of such color cues was simultaneously presented, the trained chicks reliably made choices according to the profitability of food associated with each color...
June 15, 2008: Brain Research Bulletin
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