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I Naroura, A Zemirline, C Taleb, F Lebailly, S Facca, J J Hidalgo Díaz, S Collon, P Liverneaux
Three direct volar portals for wrist arthroscopy have been described previously: two radiocarpal and one midcarpal. The aim of this study was to systematically describe four volar arthroscopic portals through minimally invasive incisions using an inside-out approach from known dorsal portals. Four volar arthroscopic wrist portals were studied on six hand specimens using an inside-out technique: a radial radiocarpal approach (RRCA), an ulnar radiocarpal approach (URCA), a radial midcarpal approach (RMCA) and an ulnar midcarpal approach (UMCA)...
June 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Jennifer A Nichols, Michael S Bednar, Robert M Havey, Wendy M Murray
At the wrist, kinematic coupling (the relationship between flexion-extension and radial-ulnar deviation) facilitates function. Although the midcarpal joint is critical for kinematic coupling, many surgeries, such as four-corner fusion (4CF) and scaphoid-excision four-corner fusion (SE4CF), modify the midcarpal joint. This study examines how 4CF and SE4CF influence kinematic coupling by quantifying wrist axes of rotation. Wrist axes of rotation were quantified in eight cadaveric specimens using an optimization algorithm, which fit a two-revolute joint model to experimental data...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
Kevin D Han, Jaehon M Kim, Michael V DeFazio, Ricardo J Bello, Ryan D Katz, Brent G Parks, Kenneth R Means
PURPOSE: A high incidence of nonunion and relatively poor outcomes with prior fixation techniques has precluded scapholunate (SL) arthrodesis as a standard treatment for SL instability. Our purpose was to determine the impact on range of motion (ROM) of simulated SL arthrodesis via headless screw fixation. METHODS: We performed baseline wrist ROM for 10 cadaveric wrists using a standardized mounting-and-weights system. Extension, flexion, radial deviation, ulnar deviation, dart-thrower's extension, and dart-thrower's flexion were assessed...
September 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
C K Spies, M F Langer, F Unglaub, M Mühldorfer-Fodor, L P Müller, C Ahrens, S F Schlindwein
A precise medical history and specific symptom-oriented clinical tests of the wrist joint should always precede any radiological, computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) diagnostics. In many cases, specific clinical tests of the wrist joint allow at least a preliminary diagnosis, which can be supported by standard radiography using correct projections. A systematic approach is recommended covering the radiocarpal, midcarpal, ulnocarpal and distal radioulnar joints. Exact identification of the palpable anatomic landmarks is mandatory for correct application and interpretation of the various clinical tests...
August 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
Deepak N Bhatia
An acute perilunate wrist injury that is unreduced for more than 6 weeks results in severe disability, and even open reduction with stabilization through wide dorsal and volar approaches is technically challenging. This report describes an arthroscopic technique for reduction and percutaneous wire stabilization of a chronic perilunate wrist dislocations. The technique involves initial radiocarpal and midcarpal access through the 6R and 3-4 portals, and these portals are used for synovectomy and debridement of capsular flap tears...
April 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Mireia Esplugas, Marc Garcia-Elias, Alex Lluch, Manuel Llusá Pérez
This article reviews the results of a series of cadaver investigations aimed at clarifying the role of muscles in the stabilization of ligament-deficient wrists. According to these studies, isometric contraction of some forearm muscles induces midcarpal (MC) supination (ie, the abductor pollicis longus, extensor carpi radialis longus, and flexor carpi ulnaris), whereas other muscles induce MC pronation (ie, the extensor carpi ulnaris). Because MC supination implies tightening of the volar scaphoid-distal row ligaments, the MC supination muscles are likely to prevent scaphoid collapse of wrists with scapholunate ligament insufficiency...
April 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
Sanglim Lee, Jae-Ha Yu, Suk Ha Jeon
Carpal malalignments in malunion of distal radius fracture are considered as an adaptive response of the carpus to loss of normal architecture of the distal radius. This condition leads to mechanical overload, ligament attenuation and progressive dynamic instability around the wrist joint. Radial corrective osteotomy is suggested as a treatment option of carpal malalignment after distal radius malunion. In radiocarpal malalignment, the lunate is usually observed in flexion in contrast to its extension posture in the more common midcarpal malalignment...
June 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
J Brunet, G Bacle, E Marteau, F Gadea, J Laulan
Secondary osteoarthritis due to a scapholunate malalignment is well known, but is debatable in cases of lunotriquetral malalignment. It has been shown that lunotriquetral malalignment can lead to midcarpal osteoarthritis. The hypothesis of this retrospective study was that a relationship exists between the presence of midcarpal osteoarthritis and the presence of lunotriquetral malalignment. All patients with midcarpal osteoarthritis, isolated or predominant, treated between 1981 and 2013 were reviewed. Intracarpal angles were measured and the relative position of the carpal bones was analyzed by two examiners...
February 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Makoto Nakagawa, Shohei Omokawa, Tsutomu Kira, Kenji Kawamura, Yasuhito Tanaka
Purpose The objective of this article is to evaluate functional and radiological outcomes of vascularized bone grafts for stage 2 and 3 Kienböck disease. The outcomes of three different donor sites via dorsal approach of the wrist were compared. Pearls and pitfalls in surgical technique were discussed. Methods There were 28 patients who underwent vascularized bone grafts, including the extensor fourth and fifth compartmental artery graft of distal radius in 8 patients, the first and second supraretinacular intercompartmental artery graft of distal radius in 12 patients, and the second dorsal metacarpal neck graft in 8 patients...
May 2016: Journal of Wrist Surgery
N Borisch
OBJECTIVE: Pain relief and improvement of hand function by ganglion cyst resection and/or creation of a dorsal capsular window with partial synovectomy. In the case of visible ganglion cysts consideration of aesthetic aspects. INDICATIONS: Visible and occult persisting dorsal wrist ganglion cysts, recurrent ganglion cyst after open or arthroscopic resection and intraosseous ganglion cyst with an extraosseous portion. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Recent skin lesion of the wrist...
August 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
G Shyamalan, R W Jordan, P K Kimani, P A Liverneaux, C Mathoulin
UNLABELLED: We assessed the proximity of neurological structures to arthroscopic portals in a cadaveric study and through a systematic review. Arthroscopy was performed on ten cadaveric wrists. Subsequently the specimens were dissected to isolate the superficial branch of the radial nerve, the dorsal branch of the ulnar nerve, the posterior interosseous nerve and the extensor tendons. We measured the distances from the nerves to common portals. For the systematic review Pubmed and EMBASE were searched on the 31 May 2014 for cadaveric studies reporting the proximity of neurological structures to any arthroscopic wrist portal...
October 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
P Shea Brannan, R Glenn Gaston, Bryan J Loeffler, Daniel R Lewis
PURPOSE: In an effort to improve fracture healing and decrease the need for autologous bone graft, products such as recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP-2) have been developed and used in both spine and nonspine surgery. There is a paucity of literature regarding the use of rhBMP-2 in scaphoid nonunion surgery with very little reporting on the complications associated with its use. The objective of this study was to retrospectively review the complications documented for a case series of patients treated with revision fixation, bone graft, and rhBMP-2 in revision scaphoid nonunion surgery...
May 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
Evan B Katzel, Dierde Bielicka, Sameer Shakir, John Fowler, Glenn A Buterbaugh, Joseph E Imbriglia
BACKGROUND: Carpometacarpal arthroplasty provides well-documented pain relief with preservation of thenar function in basal joint arthritis treatment. Nevertheless, some patients continue to have pain following surgery. The authors hypothesize that unrecognized midcarpal (capitolunate) arthritis is a contributor to persistent pain after carpometacarpal arthroplasty. The prevalence of midcarpal arthritis in patients with basal joint arthritis is unknown. This article establishes the radiographic prevalence of midcarpal arthritis in patients with carpometacarpal arthritis...
June 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
F Corella, M Ocampos, M Del Cerro, R Larrainzar-Garijo, T Vázquez
Background Nowadays, the wrist is not limited to a dorsal visualization; the joint can be thought of as a "box," which can be visualized from almost every perspective. The purpose of this study was to describe a new volar central portal for the wrist, following three principles: a single incision that allows access to both the radiocarpal and midcarpal joints, centered on the lunate, with the volar structures at risk protected not only by retractors, but also by tendons. Description of Technique The incision begins in the distal wrist crease and extended 1...
March 2016: Journal of Wrist Surgery
Carissa White, Prosper Benhaim, Benjamin Plotkin
The etiology of Kienböck disease, or avascular necrosis of the lunate, is controversial, and there are a myriad of treatments aimed at correcting the various hypothesized pathologies. Interventions to reduce mechanical stress on the lunate have been used for decades, including radial osteotomy with or without radial shortening, ulnar lengthening and metaphyseal core decompression procedures. However, these procedures require preservation of lunate architecture. Newer procedures to revascularize the lunate bone have emerged in the last 10 years, such as pedicled corticoperiosteal vascularized bone grafting...
April 2016: Skeletal Radiology
D G Hargreaves
Midcarpal instability is a collective term for a number of conditions where the instability of the wrist is predominantly between the proximal and distal carpal rows. It has been regarded as relatively rare and infrequently requires surgical treatment. Palmar midcarpal instability is the most commonly found type of midcarpal instability and can be responsible for causing a clunking and painful wrist. The diagnosis is made on clinical grounds using the midcarpal instability provocative tests. Standard imaging and arthroscopic inspection do not usually confirm a definite diagnosis, but are important in excluding other pathologies...
January 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
T R Lindau
Carpal instability is predominantly caused by trauma and presents as a painful wrist with signs and symptoms of weakness, clicking, clunking and a sense of giving way. Wrist arthroscopy is widely regarded as the 'gold standard' in diagnosing and understanding carpal instability. This article is based on an extensive literature search to evaluate the evidence behind the use of wrist arthroscopy in the assessment and management of these patients. There is convincing evidence supporting the role of arthroscopy in diagnosis and assessment of factors involved in the development of carpal instability, but weak evidence for the effectiveness of arthroscopic techniques in the actual treatment of this condition...
January 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
C Harwood, L Turner
Midcarpal instability is a complex condition that can present in various forms, from mild pain to debilitating subluxation. Once diagnosed, treatment guidelines for hand therapy are limited by the scarcity of high-level evidence. Evidence does exist for use of proprioceptive awareness and neuromuscular rehabilitation for instability of the knee, shoulder and ankle joint, but studies of similar programmes for the wrist joint have not been published. The purpose of this review is to examine the evidence supporting current concepts in the non-operative management of midcarpal instability, and to provide recommendations for the management of this condition with hand therapy...
January 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
Robert J van Kampen, Christopher O Bayne, Steven L Moran, Richard A Berger
Purpose In an attempt to restore natural carpal kinematics more closely, bone-ligament-bone (BLB) grafts have been described for treating scapholunate (SL) injury. In this article we report the long-term results of capitohamate BLB autograft for the treatment of SL dissociation. Methods The medical records of patients treated with capitohamate BLB grafts for SL dissociation were retrospectively reviewed. Twenty-three patients were available for evaluation. Patients were sent a Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) and a Patient-Rated Wrist Evaluation (PRWE) questionnaire and returned for exam...
November 2015: Journal of Wrist Surgery
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