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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778240/the-autonomic-neural-mechanism-of-right-ventricular-outflow-tract-tachycardia
#1
Hung-Yu Chang, Li-Wei Lo, Yu-Ruey Chen, Yu-Hui Chou, Wei-Lun Lin, Yenn-Jiang Lin, Wei-Hsian Yin, An-Ning Feng, Shih-Ann Chen
BACKGROUND: Ventricular tachycardia (VT) and ventricular premature complexes (VPCs) originating from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) are generally considered as benign arrhythmias, with ECG morphology showing LBBB pattern and inferior axis. Pathogenic mechanisms in the genesis of RVOT VT/VPC remain largely unknown. We aimed to investigate the neural mechanism in RVOT ventricular arrhythmias in canine model. METHODS: Twelve mongrel dogs (13.7 ± 1...
July 2018: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737447/predicting-value-of-coupling-interval-variability-in-determining-the-origin-of-ventricular-premature-contractions-with-v3-transition
#2
Umut Celikyurt, Aysen Agir, Irem Karauzum, Kurtulus Karauzum, Tayfun Sahin, Ahmet Vural
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the predictive value of coupling interval variability (ΔCI) in determining the origin of idiopathic outflow tract ventricular tachycardia (OTVT) with V3 transition. METHODS: We reviewed data from 126 patients who underwent catheter ablation of OTVT between 2015 and 2018 at our institution. We identified 32 patients of successful OTVT ablation with a precordial transition at V3 derivation. The ΔCI (maximum - minimum CI) was measured...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727513/unipolar-voltage-mapping-criteria-for-septal-aspect-of-right-ventricular-influence-of-aortic-root
#3
Iosif Kelesidis, Benoit Desjardins, Daniele Muser, Pasquale Santangeli, Erica S Zado, Francis E Marchlinski
INTRODUCTION: Unipolar voltage mapping through its wider "field of view" can identify substrate deeper to the endocardium on the right ventricular (RV) free wall and left ventricle. The reference value(s) for normal endocardial (ENDO) unipolar voltage (UNI) for the septal aspect of the right ventricle (RV) and the effect of the aortic root that is directly opposed to the posterior septal plane of the RV outflow tract (RVOT) have not been established. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed detailed (185 ± 70, range 127-342 points) RV ENDO UNI maps in 9 patients without structural heart disease; 6 had magnetic resonance (MR) imaging; 5 were males; the mean age was 49 ± 11 years...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725600/acute-and-long-term-hemodynamic-effects-of-mitraclip-implantation-on-a-preexisting-secondary-right-heart-failure
#4
M Hünlich, E Lubos, B E Beuthner, M Puls, A Bleckmann, T Beißbarth, T Tichelbäcker, V Rudolph, S Baldus, U Schäfer, H Treede, R S Von Bardeleben, S Blankenberg, W Schillinger
Positive results of MitraClip in terms of improvement in clinical and left ventricular parameters have been described in detail. However, long-term effects on secondary pulmonary hypertension were not investigated in a larger patient cohort to date. 70 patients with severe mitral regurgitation, additional pulmonary hypertension, and right heart failure as a result of left heart disease were treated in the heart centers Hamburg and Göttingen. Immediately after successful MitraClip implantation, a reduction of the RVOT diameter from 3...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724567/infective-endocarditis-after-percutaneous-pulmonary-valve-implantation-a-long-term-single-centre-experience
#5
Daniel Tanase, Peter Ewert, Alfred Hager, Stanimir Georgiev, Julie Cleuziou, John Hess, Andreas Eicken
BACKGROUND: Patients with congenital cardiovascular disease involving the right ventricular outflow tract and with prosthetic valves in the heart are at high risk for developing infective endocarditis (IE). Recently, there has been concern about relatively high rates of IE after percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI). Although there are factors specific to percutaneous valves that could plausibly contribute to the risk of IE, including procedural steps prior to implantation such as crimping the valved stent or mechanical forces during dilation, little is known about actual risk factors for this complication...
April 22, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722855/clinical-research-remote-magnetic-navigation-vs-manually-controlled-catheter-ablation-of-right-ventricular-outflow-tract-arrhythmias-a-retrospective-study
#6
Ayelet Shauer, Lennart J De Vries, Ferdi Akca, Jorge Palazzolo, Mohammed Shurrab, Ilan Lashevsky, Irving Tiong, Sheldon M Singh, David Newman, Tamas Szili-Torok, Eugene Crystal
Aims: Remote magnetic navigation (RMN) is an alternative to manual catheter control (MCC) radiofrequency ablation of right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) arrhythmias. The data to support RMN approach is limited. We aimed to investigate the clinical and procedural outcomes in a cohort of patients undergoing RVOT premature ventricular complex/ventricular tachycardia (PVCs/VT) ablation procedures using RMN vs. MCC. Methods and results: Data was collected from two centres...
May 1, 2018: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720396/primary-repair-versus-surgical-and-transcatheter-palliation-in-infants-with-tetralogy-of-fallot
#7
Dan M Dorobantu, Alireza S Mahani, Mansour T A Sharabiani, Ragini Pandey, Gianni D Angelini, Andrew J Parry, Robert M R Tulloh, Robin P Martin, Serban C Stoica
OBJECTIVES: Treatment of infants with tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) has evolved in the last two decades with increasing use of primary surgical repair (PrR) and transcatheter right ventricular outflow tract palliation (RVOTd), and fewer systemic-to-pulmonary shunts (SPS). We aim to report contemporary results using these treatment options in a comparative study. METHODS: This a retrospective study using data from the UK National Congenital Heart Disease Audit. All infants (n=1662, median age 181 days) with ToF and no other complex defects undergoing repair or palliation between 2000 and 2013 were considered...
May 2, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716710/catheter-ablation-for-electrical-storm-in-brugada-syndrome-results-of-substrate-based-ablation
#8
Abhijeet Shelke, Ajit Tachil, Daljeet Saggu, Masilamani Lawrance Jesuraj, Sachin Yalagudri, Calambur Narasimhan
BACKGROUND: Brugada syndrome (BrS) is known to cause malignant ventricular arrhythmia (VA) and sudden cardiac death (SCD). Patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) may experience recurrent shocks from ICD. Recent reports indicate that radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in BrS is feasible, and effective. Catheter ablation of premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) triggering VA and substrate modification of right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) has been described. METHODS AND RESULTS: Five patients (4 males, age-23 to 32 years) with BrS and electrical storm (ES) despite being on isoprenaline infusion and cilostazol (phosphodiestrase-3 inhibitor) underwent 3 dimensional electroanatomic mapping and RFA...
March 2018: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715702/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-right-ventricular-outflow-tract-obstruction-after-the-arterial-switch-operation
#9
Julie Cleuziou, Keti Vitanova, Jelena Pabst von Ohain, Masamichi Ono, Daniel Tanase, Melchior Burri, Rüdiger Lange
BACKGROUND:  The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and risk factors for the development of right ventricular outflow tract obstruction (RVOTO) after the arterial switch operation (ASO). METHODS:  Between 1983 and 2014, a total of 688 patients underwent ASO. RVOTO was defined as any obstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) requiring reintervention. RESULTS:  RVOTO developed in 79 patients (11%) at a median time of 3...
May 1, 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671105/mapping-and-ablation-of-rvot-type-arrhythmias-comparison-between-the-conventional-and-reversed-u-curve-methods
#10
Zhuo Liang, Xuejun Ren, Tao Zhang, Zhihong Han, Jianzeng Dong, Yunlong Wang
PURPOSE: We assessed conventional and reversed U curve methods for mapping and ablation of RVOT-type VAs. METHODS: Single-center data were reviewed from consecutive cases of symptomatic VAs of RVOT-type origin that were mapped and ablated successfully using conventional method in RVOT (pulmonary artery might be included) from January 2014 to December 2015 (cohort 1, n = 75) or conventional method in RVOT and reversed U curve in PSC (for first ablation attempt) from January 2016 to March 2017 (cohort 2, n = 60)...
June 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659782/right-ventricular-outflow-tract-reconstruction-using-a-polytetrafluoroethylene-conduit-in-ross-patients
#11
Ravil Sharifulin, Alexander Bogachev-Prokophiev, Igor Demin, Sergey Zheleznev, Alexey Pivkin, Alexander Afanasyev, Alexander Karaskov
OBJECTIVES: The type of conduit used for right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) reconstruction during the Ross procedure remains problematic because of the limited availability of pulmonary allografts and the unsatisfactory long-term results associated with the use of xenografts. Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) conduits have been proposed as an alternative. This study evaluated the results of RVOT reconstruction using a PTFE conduit during the Ross procedure. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2015, 28 patients underwent RVOT reconstruction using PTFE conduits...
April 5, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659078/mechanistic-subtypes-of-focal-right-ventricular-tachycardia
#12
REVIEW
Bruce B Lerman, Jim W Cheung, James E Ip, Christopher F Liu, George Thomas, Steven M Markowitz
Idiopathic sustained focal right ventricular tachycardia (VT) is most frequently due to outflow tract (OT) tachycardia. This arrhythmia is recognized by its characteristic ECG pattern and sensitivity to adenosine. However, there are other forms of idiopathic, focal sustained VT that originate in the right ventricle (RV), which are less well appreciated and easily misdiagnosed. This review will identify the characteristic features and electrophysiologic properties of these forms of RV VT, including those originating from the tricuspid annulus, right ventricular papillary muscles and moderator band as well as variants of classic RVOT tachycardia and those due to microreentry in the presence of preclinical disease...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652902/relations-between-right-ventricular-morphology-and-clinical-electrical-and-genetic-parameters-in-brugada-syndrome
#13
Belinda Gray, Ganesh Kumar Gnanappa, Richard D Bagnall, Giuseppe Femia, Laura Yeates, Jodie Ingles, Charlotte Burns, Rajesh Puranik, Stuart M Grieve, Christopher Semsarian, Raymond W Sy
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence suggests the presence of structural changes affecting the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) in patients with Brugada Syndrome (BrS). The aim of this study was to characterise the RV morphology in BrS and explore associations between morphologic, clinical, electrical, and genetic parameters using non-invasive multimodality testing. METHODS: Consecutive BrS patients (recruited 2013-2015) underwent clinical assessment, dedicated RV imaging using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging (unless contra-indicated), electrical assessment (electrocardiogram, Holter monitoring, signal-averaged ECG[SAECG]) and genotyping...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649701/change-of-heart-dimensions-and-function-during-pregnancy-in-goats
#14
Olga Szaluś-Jordanow, Michał Czopowicz, Lucjan Witkowski, Agata Moroz, Marcin Mickiewicz, Tadeusz Frymus, Iwona Markowska-Daniel, Emilia Bagnicka, Jarosław Kaba
The study aimed to evaluate the effect of pregnancy on heart diameters and function in goats. Transthoracic echocardiography of 12 female dairy goats of two Polish regional breeds was performed. A Mindray M7 diagnostic ultrasound system with Phased Array transducer was used. Simultaneously, electrocardiography was recorded. All animals were examined four times - at mating season, at the end of the first trimester, at the end of the second trimester and just before kidding. Eleven measurements were taken each time: aortic and left atrial diameter (AoD and LAD), right and left ventricular internal diameter in diastole (RVIDd and LVIDd), left ventricular internal diameter in systole (LVIDs), inter-ventricular septum thickness in diastole and systole (IVSd and IVSd) and left ventricular posterior wall in diastole and systole (LVPWd and LVPWs), maximum left and right ventricular outflow tract velocity (RVOT Vmax and LVOT Vmax)...
March 8, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622988/outflow-tract-ventricular-premature-beats-ablation-in-the-presence-or-absence-of-structural-heart-disease-technical-considerations-and-clinical-outcomes
#15
Haitham Badran, Rania Samir, Mohamed Amin
Background: Premature ventricular beats (PVBs) are early depolarization of the myocardium originating in the ventricle. In case of very frequent PVBs, patients are severely symptomatic with impaired quality of life and are at risk of pre-syncope, syncope, heart failure, and sudden cardiac death particularly in the presence of structural heart disease. Ventricular outflow tracts are the most common sites of origin of idiopathic PVBs especially in patients without structural heart disease...
December 2017: The Egyptian heart journal: (EHJ): official bulletin of the Egyptian Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611170/feasibility-of-zero-or-near-zero-fluoroscopy-during-catheter-ablation-procedures
#16
Laurent M Haegeli, Linda Stutz, Mohammed Mohsen, Thomas Wolber, Corinna Brunckhorst, Chol-Jun On, Firat Duru
BACKGROUND: Awareness of risks associated with radiation exposure to patients and medical staff has significantly increased. It has been reported before that the use of advanced three-dimensional electro-anatomical mapping (EAM) system significantly reduces fluoroscopy time, however this study aimed for zero or near zero fluoroscopy ablation to assess its feasibility and safety in ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) and other tachyarrhythmias in a "real world" experience of a single tertiary care center...
April 3, 2018: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608225/prediction-of-ventricular-tachyarrhythmia-in-brugada-syndrome-by-right-ventricular-outflow-tract-conduction-delay-signs
#17
Ahmed A Y Ragab, Charlotte A Houck, Lisette J M E van der Does, Eva A H Lanters, Agnes J Q M Muskens, Natasja M S de Groot
BACKGROUND: Brugada syndrome (BrS) is an autosomal dominant disease responsible for sudden cardiac death in young individuals without structural anomalies. The most critical part in management of this channelopathy is identification of high risk patients, especially asymptomatic subjects. Prior studies have shown that conduction delay in the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) is the main mechanism for developing ventricular tachyarrhythmia (VTA) in BrS patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the significance of electrocardiographic RVOT conduction delay parameters as predictors for development of VTA in patients with BrS...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600967/ventricular-fibrillation-induced-by-radiofrequency-energy-delivery-for-premature-ventricular-contractions-arising-from-the-right-ventricular-outflow-tract-is-implantablecardioverterdefibrillator-indicated
#18
Michał Orczykowski, Paweł Derejko, Piotr Urbanek, Robert Bodalski, Radosław Lenarczyk, Dariusz Kozłowski, Edward Koźluk, Damian Łasocha, Maciej Sterliński, Zbigniew Kalarus, Maria Bilińska, Łukasz Szumowski
INTRODUCTION    Inadvertently induced ventricular fibrillation (VF) by radiofrequency (RF) energy delivery for premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) is a rare phenomenon; nevertheless, it is crucial to assess long‑term risk of sudden cardiac death in these patients. OBJECTIVES    The aim of our study was to define the long‑term prognosis in patients with normal ejection fraction (EF), in whom VF was inadvertently induced by RF energy application during ablation of symptomatic idiopathic PVCs originating from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT)...
March 29, 2018: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582363/electrophysiological-characteristics-and-radiofrequency-ablation-of-sustained-monomorphic-ventricular-tachycardia-in-adult-patients-with-isolated-ventricular-noncompaction
#19
Yanhui Li, Yumei Xue, Jianhua Yu, Chenyang Jiang, Zulu Wang, Mackenzi Mbai, Venkatakrishna Tholakanahalli, David G Benditt, Jian-Ming Li
PURPOSE: This study examined electrophysiological characteristics and outcomes of patients with sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) in the setting of isolated ventricular noncompaction (IVNC). BACKGROUND: In patients with IVNC, VT has been associated with sudden cardiac death. However, the electrophysiological characteristics and optimal management of these VTs are only incompletely understood. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study assessed arrhythmia characteristics and outcomes in IVNC patients with sustained monomorphic VTs...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577347/electrocardiographic-predictors-of-validated-right-ventricular-outflow-tract-septal-pacing-for-correct-localization-of-transthoracic-echocardiography
#20
Huiqiang Wei, Jiaojiao Tang, Dongli Chen, Qianhuan Zhang, Yuanhong Liang, Lie Liu, Shulin Wu, Chunying Lin, Zhiming Yang, Chanjuan Chai
BACKGROUND: Electrocardiographic (ECG) characteristics of true right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) septal pacing have not been clearly demonstrated. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that ECG parameters would help operators differentiate true RVOT septum from non-septal septum. METHODS: We analyzed 151 patients who underwent pacemaker implantation with a ventricular lead in the RVOT. Transthoracic echocardiographic (TTE) determination of pacing sites was applied in all patients after implantation...
March 25, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
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