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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728260/-clinical-analysis-of-pacing-therapy-and-treatment-of-complications-during-follow-up-in-children
#1
P J Zhao, Y W Chen, F Li, Y Li, J P Yang, J J Wu
Objective: To analyze characteristics of permanent pacemaker implantation in children as well as treatment and prognosis of complications. Method: Clinical data of children who underwent endocardial or epicardial permanent pacemaker implantation between April 2000 and June 2016 in Shanghai Xinhua Hospital and Shanghai Children's Medical Center were analyzed retrospectively. These patients were discharged 5 days after implantation. Electrocardiogram, chest X ray, echocardiography and pacemaker programming were performed during follow-up...
July 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723838/transcatheter-pulmonary-valve-implantation-valve-technology-and-procedural-outcome
#2
Arash Salavitabar, Patrick Flynn, Ralf J Holzer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Procedural technique and short-term outcomes of transcatheter pulmonary valve implantation (TPVI) have been widely described. The purpose of this article is to provide an update on current valve technology, and to focus on recent data surrounding TPVI in the dilated right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT), hybrid interventions, significant outcomes, and procedural costs. RECENT FINDINGS: Transcatheter valve technology has expanded with current trials evaluating self-expandable valves that can be implanted in dilated RVOTs...
July 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670776/myocardial-protective-effect-of-antegrade-cardioplegic-cardiac-arrest-versus-ventricular-fibrillation-during-cardiopulmonary-bypass-on-immediate-postoperative-and-mid-term-left-ventricular-function-in-right-ventricular-outflow-tract-surgery
#3
Sang Yoon Kim, Sungkyu Cho, Ji-Hyun Lee, Jin-Tae Kim, Woong-Han Kim
The objective of this study is to examine the myocardial protective effect of antegrade cardioplegic cardiac arrest (ACC) versus ventricular fibrillation (VF) on short-term and mid-term left ventricular (LV) function in right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) surgery. RVOT operations conducted from January 2006 to December 2015 were reviewed. The numbers of cases using ACC and VF were 71 and 49, respectively. Postoperative mortality and morbidity were compared between the two groups. Before and after propensity score matching, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left ventricular end-systolic/end-diastolic diameter (LVESD/LVEDD) in echocardiography were measured immediately after operation and at mid-term follow-up between postoperative 6 and 24 months...
July 2, 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667170/isolated-cardiac-sarcoidosis-masquerading-as-right-ventricular-outflow-tract-ventricular-tachycardia
#4
Auras R Atreya, Mitkumar Patel, Senthil K Sivalingam, Mathias L Stoenescu
A 67-year-old man with coronary artery disease (CAD) and left anterior descending artery (LAD) stent presented with symptomatic monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT) at a rate of 190 bpm requiring cardioversion. ECG showed left bundle branch block pattern and inferior axis, suggestive of a right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) focus rather than left ventricular scar due to LAD territory myocardial infarction (MI). Echocardiography showed normal wall motion. Angiography revealed a patent mid-LAD stent. Cardiac MRI with delayed postcontrast sequence revealed several regions of hyperenhancement abnormality within the basal portion of the interventricular septum...
June 30, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655532/surgical-relief-of-left-ventricular-outflow-tract-obstruction-in-adults-with-congenital-aortic-stenosis-and-associated-aortic-annulus-hypoplasia-and-or-subaortic-obstruction
#5
Tanveer Ahmad, Amalan Thuraisingam, Marco Larobina, Peter Skillington
BACKGROUND: In children and adolescents, a Ross/Konno operation is commonly done to both enlarge the aortic root and provide a competent aortic valve with relief of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO). Optimum management is not so straightforward in adults. METHODS: Between 1995 and 2014, 16 patients of mean age 39.4 years (18-57 years) with hypoplastic aortic annulus (AA) measuring 20mm and less, and mean aortic valve/LVOT gradient of 61mmHg (30-70mmHg) presented for surgery...
June 3, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636647/hemodynamic-and-metabolic-characteristics-associated-with-development-of-a-right-ventricular-outflow-tract-pressure-gradient-during-upright-exercise
#6
Annelieke C M J van Riel, David M Systrom, Rudolf K F Oliveira, Michael J Landzberg, Barbara J M Mulder, Berto J Bouma, Bradley A Maron, Amil M Shah, Aaron B Waxman, Alexander R Opotowsky
BACKGROUND: We recently reported a novel observation that many patients with equal resting supine right ventricular(RV) and pulmonary artery(PA) systolic pressures develop an RV outflow tract(RVOT) pressure gradient during upright exercise. The current work details the characteristics of patients who develop such an RVOT gradient. METHODS: We studied 294 patients (59.7±15.5 years-old, 49% male) referred for clinical invasive cardiopulmonary exercise testing, who did not have a resting RVOT pressure gradient defined by the simultaneously measured peak-to-peak difference between RV and PA systolic pressures...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633270/surgical-correction-for-a-neonate-with-ebstein-s-anomaly-associated-with-tetralogy-of-fallot
#7
Ling-Yi Wei, Jin-Chung Shih, En-Ting Wu, Shyh-Jye Chen, Yih-Sharng Chen, Shu-Chien Huang
Ebstein's anomaly in combination with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is rare. We report a male infant with these combined anomalies who presented with severe cyanosis, heart failure, and respiratory distress after birth. Biventricular repair was successfully performed with 1-stage correction of his ventricular septal defect (VSD), right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) obstruction, and tricuspid regurgitation. The downward displaced tricuspid valve was also restored to the normal annulus position. The infant recovered well...
July 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616273/mid-to-long-term-outcomes-of-bovine-jugular-vein-conduit-implantation-in-chinese-children
#8
Hui-Feng Zhang, Gang Chen, Ming Ye, Xian-Gang Yan, Qi-Lin Tao, Bing Jia
BACKGROUND: Bovine jugular vein (BJV) conduits are widely applied for surgical reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT). However, relevant studies of valve failure rates and the related risk factors are limited in China. The aim of this study was to assess the BJV prognosis after medium- to long-term follow-up. METHODS: Fifty-three hospital patients implanted with BJV conduits from January 2002 to December 2013 were recruited. Patient information and follow-up prognosis were reviewed retrospectively...
May 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597737/extension-of-catheter-ablation-and-outcome-for-ventricular-tachycardia-or-premature-ventricular-contractions-from-the-right-ventricular-outflow-tract
#9
Ki-Hun Kim, Hyoung-Seob Park, Yeo-Jung Song, Jeong-Sook Seo, Han-Young Jin, Dae-Kyeong Kim, Dong-Soo Kim, Young-Soo Lee, Ki-Won Hwang, Guang-Won Seo, Dong-Kie Kim, Pil-Sang Song, Sang-Hoon Seol, Doo-Il Kim, Yoon-Nyun Kim
Objective We aimed to determine whether the extension of ablation could influence the ablation outcome for ventricular tachycardia (VT)/premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT). Methods and results The radiofrequency catheter ablation results of 33 VT/6 frequent PVCs from the RVOT were analysed. The ablation extension was divided into 3 categories from the final successful ablation point with the earliest activation: (I) focal ablation (15 cases); ablation at 1 or 2 points; (II) focal with extended ablation (12 cases); focal and surrounding area ablation (maximum ≤1 cm) after elimination of clinical VT/PVCs; and (III) broad ablation (12 cases); continued broad ablation (maximum >1 cm) after elimination of clinical VT/PVCs...
February 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592727/temporal-sequential-pattern-of-right-ventricular-free-wall-contraction-in-normal-children
#10
Yasunobu Hayabuchi, Akemi Ono, Yukako Homma, Shoji Kagami
BACKGROUND: The temporal sequence of right ventricular (RV) deformation is related to RV dysfunction. The sequence of RV free wall contraction was investigated.Methods and Results:In this prospective study, strain profiles using speckle-tracking echocardiography and tissue Doppler-derived pulmonary and tricuspid annular motion were assessed in 60 normal children. Circumferential RV free wall strain of 3 individual segments (anterior, lateral, and inferior) was evaluated. Longitudinal strain was assessed in 3 individual segments (RV outflow tract [RVOT], apical, and RV inflow tract [RVIT])...
June 6, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585685/pulmonary-artery-a-pivotal-site-for-catheter-ablation-in-idiopathic-rvot-ventricular-arrhythmias
#11
REVIEW
Chunmiao Wang, Yawen Zhang, Fangde Hong, Ying Huang
In patients without associated myocardial diseases, characterized by left bundle branch block and inferior axis morphologies, repetitive idiopathic right ventricular tachycardias and ventricular premature contractions typically arise from right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT). Accumulated evidences have shown that radiofrequency catheter ablation is a useful treatment for patients with RVOT ventricular arrhythmias (VAs). Interestingly, several medical centers have shown that pulmonary artery (PA) is a potential novel site for catheter ablation in RVOT-like VAs, particularly in patients where termination of RVOT VAs at the usual site fails...
June 6, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583685/usefulness-of-the-r-wave-sign-as-a-predictor-for-ventricular-tachyarrhythmia-in-patients-with-brugada-syndrome
#12
Ahmed A Y Ragab, Charlotte A Houck, Lisette J M E van der Does, Eva A H Lanters, Danielle E Burghouwt, Agnes J Q M Muskens, Natasja M S de Groot
Brugada syndrome (BrS) is an autosomal dominant channelopathy which is responsible for a large number of sudden cardiac deaths in young subjects without structural abnormalities. The most challenging step in management of patients with BrS is identifying who is at risk for developing malignant ventricular tachyarrhythmia (VTA). In patients with BrS, conduction delay in the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) causes a prominent R wave in lead aVR. This electrocardiographic parameter can be useful to detect these high-risk patients...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575228/right-ventricular-outflow-tract-dimensions-in-arrhythmogenic-right-ventricular-cardiomyopathy-dysplasia-a-multicentre-study-comparing-echocardiography-and-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance
#13
Alexander Gotschy, Ardan M Saguner, Markus Niemann, Sandra Hamada, Deniz Akdis, Ji-Na Yoon, Elena V Parmon, Victoria Delgado, Jeroen J Bax, Sebastian Kozerke, Corinna Brunckhorst, Firat Duru, Felix C Tanner, Robert Manka
Aims: Right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) dilation is one of the echocardiographic criteria in the 2010 revised Task Force Criteria (TFC) of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia (ARVC/D). However, studies comparing cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) suggest a lower diagnostic accuracy of TTE due to its operator dependence and limited reproducibility. The goal of this study was to compare the 2010 TFC measures of RVOT dilation with three alternative measures for improving the echocardiographic assessment of RVOT in patients with ARVC/D...
May 26, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506214/origins-location-of-the-outflow-tract-ventricular-arrhythmias-exhibiting-qrs-pattern-or-qs-pattern-with-a-notch-on-the-descending-limb-in-lead-v1
#14
Cong Lin, Cheng Zheng, De-Pu Zhou, Xiao-Wei Li, Shu-Jie Wu, Jia-Feng Lin
BACKGROUND: Ventricular outflow tract(VOT) ventricular arrhythmias(VAs) presenting qrS pattern or QS pattern with a notch on the descending limb in lead V1 were consistently thought of arising from the commissure between left and right coronary cusp (L-RCC) by previous studies. However, we found they could originate from other anatomic structures in VOT. This study aimed to investigate the exact origin of this kind VAs. METHODS: Forty-nine patients of VOT premature ventricular contrations/ventricular tachycardia(PVCs/VT) with lead V1 presenting qrS pattern or QS pattern with a notch on the descending limb undergoing successful radiofrequency catheter ablation(RFCA) in our center were analyzed...
May 15, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487470/discrepant-effects-of-heart-failure-on-electrophysiological%C3%A2-property-in-right-ventricular-outflow-tract-and-left-ventricular-outflow-tract-cardiomyocytes
#15
Yen-Yu Lu, Chen-Chuan Cheng, Chin-Feng Tsai, Yung Kuo Lin, Ting-I Lee, Yao-Chang Chen, Shih-Ann Chen, Yi Jen Chen
Ventricular arrhythmias commonly arise from the right and left ventricular outflow tracts (RVOT/LVOT) in patients without structural heart disease. Heart failure (HF) significantly increases the risk of ventricular arrhythmias. The regional differences and how HF affects the electrophysiological characteristics of RVOT and LVOT cardiomyocytes remain unclear. The whole-cell patch clamp technique was used to investigate the action potentials and ionic currents in isolated single RVOT and LVOT cardiomyocytes from control and rapid ventricular pacing-induced HF rabbit...
May 9, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472282/right-ventricular-outflow-tract-high-density-endocardial-unipolar-voltage-mapping-in-patients-with-brugada-syndrome-evidence-for-electroanatomical-abnormalities
#16
Konstantinos P Letsas, Michael Efremidis, Konstantinos Vlachos, Stamatis Georgopoulos, Nikolaos Karamichalakis, Dimitrios Asvestas, Kosmas Valkanas, Panagiotis Korantzopoulos, Tong Liu, Antonios Sideris
Aims: Epicardial structural abnormalities at the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) may provide the arrhythmia substrate in Brugada syndrome (BrS). Electroanatomical endocardial unipolar voltage mapping is an emerging tool that accurately identifies epicardial abnormalities in different clinical settings. This study investigated whether endocardial unipolar voltage mapping of the RVOT detects electroanatomical abnormalities in patients with BrS. Methods and results: Ten asymptomatic patients (8 males, 34...
May 2, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465993/right-ventricular-outflow-tract-systolic-excursion-and-fractional-shortening-can-these-echocardiographic-parameters-be-used-for-the-assessment-of-right-ventricular-function
#17
Lamyaa Elsayed Allam, Ahmed Mohammed Onsy, Hylan Ahmed Ghalib
BACKGROUND: Echocardiographic right ventricular (RV) function assessment is difficult and still a gray area despite rapid advancement of imaging modalities. The aim of this study is to assess the role of echocardiographic RV outflow tract (RVOT) function in the form of RVOT fractional shortening (RVOT FS) and RVOT systolic excursion (RVOT SE) for the assessment of RV function. METHODS: We studied ninety individuals divided equally into two groups. The control group included 45 normal healthy individuals and age-matched patient group included 45 patients with RV dysfunction which was defined by tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) <16 mm and RV fractional area change (RV FAC) ≤35%...
April 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460765/percutaneous-balloon-valvuloplasty-with-inoue-balloon-catheter-technique-for-pulmonary-valve-stenosis-in-adolescents-and-adults
#18
Charan Lanjewar, Milind Phadke, Arvind Singh, Girish Sabnis, Mahesh Jare, Prafulla Kerkar
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty is the procedure of choice for uncomplicated severe or symptomatic pulmonary stenosis. The present study describes our experience in balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty using the Inoue balloon catheter in adolescent and adult patients. AIMS: To assess the immediate and mid-term outcomes of percutaneous balloon valvuloplasty with Inoue balloon catheter in adolescent and adult patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between June 2010 and July 2015, we performed percutaneous balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty with Inoue balloon catheter in 32 patients (59...
March 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449506/surgical-resection-of-right-ventricular-rhabdomyoma-under-the-guidance-of-transesophageal-echocardiography-on-a-beating-heart
#19
Xueguang Han, Haibo Song, Li Zhou, Chunling Jiang
Cardiac rhabdomyoma, a type of benign myocardial tumor, is regarded as the most common fetal cardiac tumor. Rhabdomyomas are usually found before birth or during the first year of life. It is widely accepted that rhabdomyomas are strongly associated with tuberous sclerosis, and tend to regress spontaneously without surgical excision. However, if the tumor has caused significant obstruction or refractory arrhythmias, the surgery should be advocated. Most of the surgeries for pediatric cardiac tumors are performed under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with cardioplegia...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431055/electrocardiographic-differentiation-of-idiopathic-right-ventricular-outflow-tract-ectopy-from-early-arrhythmogenic-right-ventricular-cardiomyopathy
#20
Jan Novak, Alessandro Zorzi, Silvia Castelletti, Antonis Pantasis, Ilaria Rigato, Domenico Corrado, William Mckenna, Pier D Lambiase
Aims: The differentiation between idiopathic right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) arrhythmias and early arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) can be challenging. We aimed to assess whether QRS morphological features and coupling interval of ventricular ectopic beats (VEBs) can improve differentiation between the two conditions. Methods and Results: Twenty desmosomal-gene mutation carriers (13 females, mean age 43 years) with no or mild ARVC phenotypic expression and 33 age- and sex-matched subjects with idiopathic RVOT arrhythmias were studied...
April 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
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