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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142835/trachway-video-intubating-stylet-allows-for-optimization-of-electromyographic-endotracheal-tube-placement-for-monitored-thyroidectomy
#1
Pi-Ying Chang, Pin-Yang Hu, Yi-Chu Lin, Hsiu-Ya Chen, Feng-Yu Chiang, Che-Wei Wu, Gianlorenzo Dionigi, I-Cheng Lu
Background: Endotracheal tube-based surface electrodes are now commonly applied to measure evoked electromyographic (EMG) response of the vocal cord during monitored thyroidectomy. The aim of the study was to determine the incidence of difficult intubation and to assess the effectiveness of using video-assisted intubating stylet (Trachway) for EMG tube placement in patients undergoing monitored thyroidectomy. Methods: Medical records were collected from consecutive patients undergoing thyroid surgery before and after implementation of the protocol...
October 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133991/nipponnemertes-incainca-sp-n-adoption-of-the-new-taxonomic-proposal-for-nemerteans-nemertea-cratenemertidae
#2
Jaime Gonzalez-Cueto, Lyda R Castro, Sigmer Quiroga
A new species Nipponemertes incainca is described from the intertidal zone of Santa Marta, Colombia. A new recent approach based on both morphological and molecular characters is applied for the description. The main characteristics of the species are: red color, head shield-shaped with a mid-dorsal cephalic ridge, furrows pre-cerebral inconspicuous with few faint ridges orthogonal to furrow axis, two irregular groups of eyespots situated at lateral margins in precerebral cephalic region, proboscis provided with papillae and 12 nerves, stylet smooth supported on an oval basis, and two pouches containing 3-4 accessory stylets each...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133373/arabidopsis-actin-depolymerizing-factor3-is-required-for-controlling-aphid-feeding-from-the-phloem
#3
Hossain A Mondal, Joe Louis, Lani Archer, Monika Patel, Vamsi J Nalam, Sujon Sarowar, Vishala Sivapalan, Douglas D Root, Jyoti Shah
The actin cytoskeleton network has an important role in plant cell growth, division and stress response. Actin-depolymerizing factors (ADFs) are a group of actin-binding proteins that contribute to reorganization of the actin network. Here we show that the Arabidopsis thaliana ADF3 is required in the phloem for controlling infestation by Myzus persicae Sülzer, commonly known as the green peach aphid (GPA), which is an important phloem sap-consuming pest of more than fifty plant families. In agreement with a role for the actin-depolymerizing function of ADF3 in defense against the GPA, we show that resistance in adf3 was restored by overexpression of the related ADF4, and the actin cytoskeleton destabilizers, cytochalasin D and latrunculin B...
November 13, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133229/use-of-electrical-penetration-graphs-epg-and-quantitative-pcr-to-evaluate-the-relationship-between-feeding-behaviour-and-pandora-neoaphidis-infection-levels-in-green-peach-aphid-myzus-persicae
#4
Chun Chen, Sudan Ye, Huajun Hu, Chengmei Xue, Xiaoping Yu
A real-time qPCR method was developed, validated, and used to quantity the fungal pathogen, P. neoaphidis, within aphids at different times during infection; colonization rate fitted the Gompertz model well (R(b)=0.9356). Feeding behaviour of P. neoaphidis-infected and uninfected M. persicae were investigated, for the first time, using DC-electrical penetration graphs (DC-EPG) that characterized the waveforms made during different aphid stylet probing periods corresponding to epidermis penetration, salivation and ingestion...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132804/a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-the-utility-of-lighted-stylet-and-glidescope-for-double-lumen-endobronchial-intubation
#5
Jee-Eun Chang, Hyerim Kim, Seong-Won Min, Jung-Man Lee, Jung-Hee Ryu, Soohyuk Yoon, Jin-Young Hwang
OBJECTIVE: To compare GlideScope and lighted stylet for double-lumen endobronchial tube (DLT) intubation in terms of intubation time, success rate of first attempt at intubation, difficulty in DLT advancement toward the glottis, and postoperative sore throat and hoarseness. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized study. SETTING: Medical center governed by a university hostpial. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-two adult patients undergoing thoracic surgery using DLT intubation...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117381/assessment-of-feeding-acceptance-and-injury-of-kerman-pistachios-pistacia-vera-by-brown-marmorated-stink-bug-hemiptera-pentatomidae
#6
Jesús R Lara, Matthew T Kamiyama, Gabriel Hernandez, Justin Nay, Mark S Hoddle, Yulin Gao
In the United States, California (CA) is the primary commercial producer of pistachio nuts, Pistacia vera L. (Anacardiaceae). The brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB), Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), an invasive and polyphagous insect pest from Asia, has established in urban areas in several pistachio-growing counties in CA. Breeding BMSB populations have not been detected in commercial pistachio acreage. However, the detection of BMSB in Kern and Fresno counties, major Kerman pistachio producing areas in CA, underscored key knowledge gaps on BMSB ecology in CA and motivated investigations on the susceptibility of pistachio nuts to BMSB feeding...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113010/comparison-of-four-methods-of-endotracheal-tube-passage-in-simulated-airways-there-is-room-for-improved-techniques
#7
Kirsten Kingma, Ross Hofmeyr, Irene Suilan Zeng, Christin Coomarasamy, Andrew Brainard
OBJECTIVE: Endotracheal intubation requires laryngoscopy followed by passage of the endotracheal tube (ETT). Tube passage can be difficult, but there is little evidence to support which adjunct for tube passage is most effective. METHODS: The four tube passage adjuncts tested were the naked ETT, stylet ETT, railroaded bougie and preloaded bougie. Participants completed pre- and post-test surveys identifying demographics, experience and method preference. After instruction, participants completed eight intubations on manikins with 'easy' and 'difficult' airways...
November 7, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109049/combined-transcriptomic-proteomic-analysis-of-salivary-gland-and-secreted-saliva-in-three-planthopper-species
#8
Hai-Jian Huang, Jia-Bao Lu, Qiao Li, Yan-Yuan Bao, Chuan-Xi Zhang
The planthoppers are piercing-sucking pests that continuously inject saliva into host plants using specialized stylets. However, knowledge on the constituent and function of planthopper saliva proteins was still limited. In this study, the transcriptomic and proteomic approach were adopted to characterize the composition of salivary glands and their secreted saliva in three planthoppers, respectively. Gene repertoires of salivary glands in brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens, BPH), white-backed planthopper (Sogatella furcifera, WBPH) and small brown planthopper (Laodelphax striatellus, SBPH) were very similar, which actively involved in protein synthesis and energy metabolism...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107251/progressive-metabolic-impairment-underlies-the-novel-nematicidal-action-of-fluensulfone-on-the-potato-cyst-nematode-globodera-pallida
#9
James Kearn, Catherine Lilley, Peter Urwin, Vincent O'Connor, Lindy Holden-Dye
BACKGROUND: Fluensulfone is a new nematicide with an excellent profile of selective toxicity against plant parasitic nematodes. Here, its effects on the physiology and biochemistry of the potato cyst nematode Globodera pallida have been investigated and comparisons made with its effect on the life-span of the free-living nematode Caenorhabditis elegans to provide insight into its mode of action and its selective toxicity. RESULTS: Fluensulfone exerts acute effects (≤1h; ≥100μM) on stylet thrusting and motility of hatched second stage G...
October 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104795/the-use-of-amplatz-renal-dilators-in-the-minimally-invasive-management-of-complex-urethral-strictures
#10
Michael Nomikos, Sarantis Papanikolaou, George Athanasopoulos, Athanasios Papatsoris
Introduction: To present the outcomes of using Amplatz renal dilators in the management of complex urethral strictures. Material and methods: From September 2011 to August 2015, 34 patients with complex urethral strictures were treated with Amplatz renal dilators assisted with internal urethrotomy. Evaluation included uroflowmetry, IPSS and post-void residual volume measurement. Under spinal anesthesia, sequential dilatations were performed with Amplatz renal dilators measuring from 8 Fr up to 24 Fr...
2017: Central European Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102129/an-overview-of-cochlear-implant-electrode-array-designs
#11
REVIEW
Anandhan Dhanasingh, Claude Jolly
Cochlear implant electrode arrays are designed with specific characteristics that allow for the preservation of intra-cochlear structures during the insertion process, as well as during explantation. Straight lateral wall (LW) electrode arrays and pre-curved modiolar hugging (MH) electrode arrays are the two types that are commercially available. Although there is a third type of electrode array called the mid-scala (MS), which is positioned in the middle of the scala tympani (ST), and is usually considered as an MH type of electrode...
October 18, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068977/endotracheal-intubation-in-elective-cervical-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-assessor-blinded-study
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Hongna Fan, Huijuan Cao, Yingjie Sun, Keyan Chen, Yugang Diao, Nan Zhou, Guoquan Yao, Jin Zhou, Tiezheng Zhang
BACKGROUND: We compared the effectiveness and safety of endotracheal intubation using the GlideScope (GS) video laryngoscope, CTrach laryngeal mask airway (LMA), or Shikani optical stylet rigid laryngoscope (SOS) during elective cervical surgery. METHODS: Forty-five patients undergoing elective cervical surgery were randomly and equally assigned to endotracheal intubation via GS, LMA, or SOS airway management. RESULTS: Endotracheal intubation was successfully completed in all patients...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063598/insertion-methods-comparison-for-the-streamlined-liner-of-the-pharynx-airway-in-children-by-novice
#13
Y Chen, J Bai, R Wang
BACKGROUND: The Streamlined Liner of the Pharynx Airway (SLIPA™) is a popular supraglottic airway device used for pediatric anesthesia. However, based on the anatomical features of pediatric patients, novice residents are expected to have difficulties inserting the device. The objective of this work was to improve the SLIPA insertion by modifying the device. METHODS: A total of 134 children were randomized into two groups. Anesthesia was standardized among all patients except for the way in which the SLIPA was inserted...
October 23, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062151/a-new-species-of-the-rare-genus-anguillonema-fuchs-1938-nematoda-hexatylina-sphaerularioidea-with-its-molecular-phylogenetic-study
#14
Mahyar Mobasseri, Majid Pedram, Ebrahim Pourjam
Anguillonema amolensis n. sp. is described and illustrated based on its morphological, morphometric, and molecular characters. The new species is characterized by its 575 to 820 μm long and wide body (body width at vulva = 30 to 59 μm), irregularly ventrally curved after fixation, five to six lines in lateral fields, 6.0 to 7.5 μm long stylet with small rounded knobs, pharynx lacking a median bulb, pharyngo-intestinal junction anterior to nerve ring and excretory pore, females with monodelphic-prodelphic reproductive system, 15 to 19 μm long conical tail with broad rounded tip, and males absent...
September 2017: Journal of Nematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062150/morphological-and-molecular-characteristics-of-pratylenchus-haiduongensis-sp-n-a-new-species-of-root-lesion-nematodes-associated-with-carrot-in-vietnam
#15
Thi Duyen Nguyen, Thi Mai Linh Le, Huu Tien Nguyen, Thi Anh Duong Nguyen, Gracia Liebanas, Quang Phap Trinh
Pratylenchus haiduongensis sp. n. is described as associated with carrot (Daucus carota subsp. sativus (Hoffm.) Schübl. & G. Martens) in Hai Duong Province, Vietnam. P. haiduongensis sp. n. is characterized by the lip region with three annuli and slightly separated from the body. Stylet knobs are rounded (never indented anteriorly). The lateral field includes four incisures, bearing areolation at the pharynx region and tail region and occasionally appears in the vulval region. Sometimes the appearances of oblique broken striaes divide the lateral field into five or six incisures...
September 2017: Journal of Nematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062149/description-of-a-new-anguinid-nematode-nothotylenchus-phoenixae-n-sp-nematoda-anguinidae-associated-with-palm-date-trees-and-its-phylogenetic-relations-within-the-family-anguinidae
#16
Mehrab Esmaeili, Ramin Heydari, Weimin Ye
Nothotylenchus phoenixae n. sp. is described and illustrated from soil samples of palm trees in Kermanshah Province, western Iran. The new species is characterized by a body length of 784 (663 to 925) μm in females and 677 to 715 μm in males; a delicate stylet 6 (5 to 7) μm long and six lines in the lateral field; median bulb of pharynx fusiform, nonmuscular, and nonvalvate; isthmus elongate, slender ending to a pyriform basal pharyngeal bulb not overlapping intestine; postvulval uterine sac well developed, 15 (14 to 17) μm long, female tail elongate-conoid with pointed terminus; and male with adanal bursa and spicules 21 to 22 μm long (n = 2)...
September 2017: Journal of Nematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062148/morphological-morphometric-and-molecular-characterization-of-intraspecific-variations-within-indian-populations-of-meloidogyne-graminicola
#17
Rajan Salalia, R K Walia, Vishal Singh Somvanshi, Puneet Kumar, Anil Kumar
Fourteen populations of Meloidogyne graminicola were collected from different agroecological regions of India. Morphological and morphometrical comparisons were made for various nematode life stages. Three populations (Hisar, New Delhi, and Samastipur) were different from typical M. graminicola on the basis of the length of eggs; J2 length, a-value, hyaline tail portion; male length, distance up to excretory pore, spicule and gubernaculum lengths; female length and width, stylet length, distance up to excretory pore, EPST (distance of excretory pore from anterior end / stylet length [females]) ratio, and vulval length...
September 2017: Journal of Nematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046680/smart-parasitic-nematodes-use-multifaceted-strategies-to-parasitize-plants
#18
REVIEW
Muhammad A Ali, Farrukh Azeem, Hongjie Li, Holger Bohlmann
Nematodes are omnipresent in nature including many species which are parasitic to plants and cause enormous economic losses in various crops. During the process of parasitism, sedentary phytonematodes use their stylet to secrete effector proteins into the plant cells to induce the development of specialized feeding structures. These effectors are used by the nematodes to develop compatible interactions with plants, partly by mimicking the expression of host genes. Intensive research is going on to investigate the molecular function of these effector proteins in the plants...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037353/shortened-protocol-for-radiofrequency-ablation-of-perforator%C3%A2-veins
#19
Afsha Aurshina, Anil Hingorani, Sheila Blumberg, Ahmad Alsheekh, Natalie Marks, Amrit Hingorani, Eleanor Iadagarova, Enrico Ascher
BACKGROUND: Routine radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of an incompetent perforator vein (IPV) using the standard treatment protocol at 85°C has a treatment time of 6 minutes. To make treatment time more efficient, we sought to determine the effect of a shortened protocol for radiofrequency stylet (RFS) ablation by comparing the early success using three different temperatures: 85°C, 90°C, and 95°C. METHODS: A retrospective study examined 642 procedures of IPV closures in 255 patients with varying degrees of venous insufficiency treated with RFA from 2009 to 2015...
November 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981705/correlation-of-electropenetrography-waveforms-from-lygus-lineolaris-hemiptera-miridae-feeding-on-cotton-squares-with-chemical-evidence-of-inducible-tannins
#20
Felix A Cervantes, Elaine A Backus, Larry Godfrey, Christopher Wallis, Waseem Akbar, Thomas L Clark, Maria G Rojas
Probing behavior of Lygus lineolaris (Palisot de Beauvois) has previously been characterized with electropenetrography (EPG). Cell rupturing (CR) and ingestion (I) EPG waveforms were identified as the two main stylet-probing behaviors by adult L. lineolaris. However, characterization and identification of EPG waveforms are not complete until specific events of a particular waveform are correlated to insect probing. With the use of EPG, histology, microscopy, and chemical analysis, probing behavior of L. lineolaris on pin-head cotton squares was studied...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
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