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university of Cape Town medicine

Billy M Tsima, Vincent Setlhare, Oathokwa Nkomazana
BACKGROUND: Botswana's health care system is based on a primary care model. Various national guidelines exist for specific diseases. However, most of the guidelines address management at a tertiary level and often appear nonapplicable for the limited resources in primary care facilities. An integrated symptom-based guideline was developed so as to translate the Botswana national guidelines to those applicable in primary care. The Botswana Primary Care Guideline (BPCG) integrates the care of communicable diseases, including HIV/AIDS and noncommunicable diseases, by frontline primary health care workers...
2016: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
A C Kleynhans, A H Oosthuizen, D J van Hoving
BACKGROUND: The integration of online resources and social media into higher education and continued professional development is an increasingly common phenomenon. OBJECTIVE: To describe the usage of various traditional and modern educational resources by members of the divisions of emergency medicine at Stellenbosch University and the University of Cape Town. METHODS: Members affiliated with the divisions during 2014 were invited to participate in an online survey...
August 26, 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Stuart Saunders, J P Van Niekerk, Jacquie Greenberg, Alan Bryer, Lawrence X G Stephen
In 2014, four of Emeritus Prof. Peter (fondly known as PB) Beighton's past PhD students decided that they would like to honour him for his leadership and the influence that he had on their professional lives, and collaborated on a project to compile a Festschrift in his honour. They are Prof. Michael Hayden, now living in Canada, the first PhD graduate that PB supervised in 1979, together with Profs Jacquie Greenberg from the University of Cape Town (UCT), Alan Bryer from UCT and Groote Schuur Hospital (GSH), and Lawrence Stephen from the University of the Western Cape (UWC)...
June 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Zelra Malan, Bob Mash, Katherine Everett-Murphy
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases and associated risk factors (smoking, alcohol abuse, physical inactivity and unhealthy diet) are a major contributor to primary care morbidity and the burden of disease. The need for healthcare-provider training in evidence-based lifestyle interventions has been acknowledged by the National Department of Health. However, local studies suggest that counselling on lifestyle modification from healthcare providers is inadequate and this may, in part, be attributable to a lack of training...
2015: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Sisay Teklu, Aklilu Azazh, Nebyou Seyoum, Assefu Woldetsadik, Janis P Tupesis, Ryan Wubben, Cheryl Hunchak, Nazanin Meshkat, Girma Tefera, James Maskalyk
BACKGROUND: Ethiopians experience high rates of acute illness and injury that have been sub-optimally addressed by the existing health care system. High rates of patient morbidity and mortality prompted the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH) and the Addis Ababa University School of Medicine (AAU-SM) to prioritize the establishment of emergency medicine (EM) as a medical specialty in Ethiopia to meet this acute health system need. OBJECTIVES: To review the EM residency training program developed and implemented at AAU-SM in partnership with the University of Wisconsin (UW), the University of Toronto (UT) and University of Cape Town (UCT) and to evaluate the progress and challenges to date...
July 2014: Ethiopian Medical Journal
Philip De Jager, Sharain Suliman, Soraya Seedat
AIM: To investigate the influence of ethnicity in social anxiety disorder (SAD), and the relationship with symptom severity, depression and substance use or abuse, in health sciences' students . METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey of 112 1(st), 2(nd) and 3(rd) year students from the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences at Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa. The self-reported Social Anxiety Spectrum questionnaire was used to assess for SAD...
July 16, 2014: World Journal of Clinical Cases
A A Katz, M Futter, B M Mayosi
The Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of Cape Town is addressing the shortage of clinician-scientists in South Africa by introducing two research training tracks in parallel with the professional MB ChB programme, namely the intercalated BSc (Med) Hons/MB ChB track and the integrated MB ChB/PhD track. The BSc (Med) Hons/MB ChB track is available to MB ChB students who have completed the first two years of study. The track comprises a course in Molecular Medicine given concurrently with the MB ChB third-year curriculum, followed by a BSc (Med) Hons as a 'year out' of MB ChB...
February 2014: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
S Reid
A new masters-level course, 'Medicine and the Arts" will be offered in 2014 at the University of Cape Town, setting a precedent for interdisciplinary education in the field of medical humanities in South Africa. The humanities and social sciences have always been an implicit part of undergraduate and postgraduate education in the health sciences, but increasingly they are becoming an explicit and essential component of the curriculum, as the importance of graduate attributes and outcomes in the workplace is acknowledged...
February 2014: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Molebogeng X Rangaka, Robert J Wilkinson, Andrew Boulle, Judith R Glynn, Katherine Fielding, Gilles van Cutsem, Katalin A Wilkinson, Rene Goliath, Shaheed Mathee, Eric Goemaere, Gary Maartens
BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy reduces the risk of tuberculosis, but tuberculosis is more common in people with HIV than in people without HIV. We aimed to assess the effect of isoniazid preventive therapy on the risk of tuberculosis in people infected with HIV-1 concurrently receiving antiretroviral therapy. METHODS: For this pragmatic randomised double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in Khayelitsha, South Africa, we randomly assigned (1:1) patients to receive either isoniazid preventive therapy or a placebo for 12 months (could be completed during 15 months)...
August 23, 2014: Lancet
D Nel, R J Burman, R Hoffman, S Randera-Rees
BACKGROUND: The workforce of 'physician--scientists' is ageing and decreasing in numbers. The responsibility to combat this trend rests on future generations of healthcare professionals and it is therefore valuable to evaluate medical students' attitudes towards research. OBJECTIVE: To establish the attitudes of University of Cape Town (UCT) medical students towards research and to investigate the factors influencing these attitudes. METHODS: An anonymous, cross--sectional, self--administered questionnaire was administered to medical students from years 1 to 6 studying medicine at UCT in 2011...
January 2014: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
C W N Spearman, M W Sonderup, J F Botha, S W van der Merwe, E Song, C Kassianides, K A Newton, H N Hairwadzi
Hepatitis B remains a significant yet preventable health issue in South Africa. The introduction of the hepatitis B vaccine into the country some 18 years ago has demonstrated benefit, but the exposure to, and prevalence of chronic HBsAg positivity remain unacceptably high. Those with chronic hepatitis B virus infection have an elevated risk of developing cirrhosis with end-stage liver disease and a markedly elevated risk of hepatocellular carcinoma, independent of the presence of cirrhosis. The challenge in South Africa remains prevention through the universal vaccination coverage of all children and the identification of those with chronic hepatitis B virus infection...
May 2013: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Anke Rohwer, Taryn Young, Susan van Schalkwyk
BACKGROUND: Teaching the steps of evidence-based medicine (EBM) to undergraduate as well as postgraduate health care professionals is crucial for implementation of effective, beneficial health care practices and abandonment of ineffective, harmful ones. Stellenbosch University in Cape Town, South Africa, offers a 12-week, completely online module on EBM within the Family Medicine division, to medical specialists in their first year of training. The aim of this study was to formatively evaluate this module; assessing both the mode of delivery; as well as the perceived effectiveness and usefulness thereof...
2013: BMC Medical Education
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2012: Paediatrics and International Child Health
H Geldenhuys, A Veldsman, M Tameris, A Luabeya, W Hanekom, H Mahomed, M Hatherill
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) vaccine trials in South Africa must be approved by the Medicines Control Council (MCC) and by a human research ethics committee (HREC). Delays in regulatory and ethical approval may affect operational and budget planning and clinical development of the product. AIM: Our aim was to analyse the time to regulatory and ethical approval for TB vaccine trials conducted by the South African Tuberculosis Vaccine Initiative (SATVI) and to evaluate factors that influence time to final approval...
February 2013: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Jared H Sun, Rachel Shing, Michele Twomey, Lee A Wallis
Resource-constrained countries are in extreme need of pre-hospital emergency care systems. However, current popular strategies to provide pre-hospital emergency care are inappropriate for and beyond the means of a resource-constrained country, and so new ones are needed-ones that can both function in an under-developed area's particular context and be done with the area's limited resources. In this study, we used a two-location pilot and consensus approach to develop a strategy to implement and support pre-hospital emergency care in one such developing, resource-constrained area: the Western Cape province of South Africa...
January 2014: Injury
Lynn Gillis, Brian A Robertson, Tuviah Zabow, Dan J Stein
Psychiatry has not always been a major clinical discipline in medical schools. Although the Faculty of Health Sciences of the University of Cape Town (UCT) celebrates its Centenary in 2012, a closely aligned major psychiatric hospital is older than the Medical School, while the Department of Psychiatry is only 50 years old. These differing dates reflect the history of and challenge for psychiatry; mental disorders contribute a major portion of the burden of disease, while appropriate recognition and resourcing of services and training has been delayed...
June 2012: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Peter Beighton, Karen Fieggen, Ambroise Wonkam, Raj Ramesar, Jacquie Greenberg
The Division of Human Genetics (DHG), Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town (UCT) - established in 1972 - recently celebrated its 40th anniversary. We review its history, current status and future objectives. Dr Stuart Saunders, former Professor of Medicine and Vice-Chancellor of UCT, played a pivotal role in initiating the DHG. Dr Peter Beighton served as Professor of Human Genetics from 1972 to 1999. In this period, the initial focus was on medical genetics and the development of cytogenetic, biochemical and molecular laboratories, with the help of Prof Jacquie Greenberg...
June 2012: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
M Hoffman, D Coetzee, R Hodes, L London
We explore the history of the School of Public Health at the University of Cape Town and its relationship to changes in the understanding of the role of public health both nationally and internationally. We draw from primary and secondary sources to trace the emergence, growth and development of the School, and to situate these processes within the socio-political, clinical and public health contexts in South Africa and internationally.
June 2012: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Timothy David Noakes
The world's first successful human heart transplantation on 2 December 1967 inspired me to study medicine at the University of Cape Town Faculty of Health Sciences. There I learned 5 key elements for a successful career in either medicine or science or both - perfectionism, passion, compassion, the dispassionate investigation of all the available evidence, and the need to challenge established beliefs for which the scientific evidence appears imperfect. Challenging such beliefs enabled us to prove that hyponatraemic encephalopathy was caused by persistent and heroic over-drinking during prolonged exercise, usually lasting more than 4 hours, and was unrelated to salt losses in sweat and urine; to understand that the brain not the muscles must regulate the exercise performance, and thus develop the Central Governor Model of Exercise; and to reconsider the dietary causes of the obesity and diabetic epidemic...
June 2012: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Leana S Wen, Heike I Geduld, J Tobias Nagurney, Lee A Wallis
OBJECTIVE: Africa's first postgraduate training program in emergency medicine (EM) was established at the University of Cape Town/Stellenbosch University (UCT/SUN) in 2004. This study of the UCT/SUN EM program investigated the backgrounds, perceptions, and experiences of its graduates. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study. The study population was the 30 graduates from the first four classes in the UCT/SUN EM program (2007-2010). We employed a scripted interview with a combination of closed and open-ended questions...
March 2012: CJEM
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