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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611448/predictors-of-death-penalty-views-in-china-an-empirical-comparison-between-college-students-and-citizens
#1
Shanhe Jiang, Ming Hu, Eric G Lambert
China's current Criminal Law has 46 death-eligible offenses, and China executes more people than any other country in the world. However, there is a lack of study of attitudes toward capital punishment for specific offenses, and no death penalty view comparison between college students and regular citizens in China was found. This study was taken to address these limitations. Using a sample of 401 respondents from Zhejiang, China, in 2016, the present study found that more than 72% of respondents favored the death penalty without any specification of crime types...
April 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534304/regularized-continuous-time-markov-model-via-elastic-net
#2
Shuang Huang, Chengcheng Hu, Melanie L Bell, Dean Billheimer, Stefano Guerra, Denise Roe, Monica M Vasquez, Edward J Bedrick
Continuous-time Markov models are commonly used to analyze longitudinal transitions between multiple disease states in panel data, where participants' disease states are only observed at multiple time points, and the exact state paths between observations are unknown. However, when covariate effects are incorporated and allowed to vary for different transitions, the number of potential parameters to estimate can become large even when the number of covariates is moderate, and traditional maximum likelihood estimation and subset model selection procedures can easily become unstable due to overfitting...
March 13, 2018: Biometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533207/lethal-asphyxiation-due-to-sadomasochistic-sex-training-how-some-sex-partners-avoid-criminal-responsibility-even-though-their-actions-lead-to-someone-s-death
#3
Damian Jacob Sendler
INTRODUCTION: Erotic asphyxiation is a sexual phenomenon in which one partner reduces the other person's brain oxygen level through strangulation. This study analyzes deaths caused by sexually-motivated strangulation to cases of homicidal choking - summarizing criminal penalties for defendants, depending on the presence of drugs, or alcohol intoxication. METHODS: The mode of analysis involves three sources of data. First, a retrospective chart review of our clinics' two recent cases...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407660/lives-saved-by-laws-and-regulations-that-resulted-from-the-bloomberg-road-safety-program
#4
Ted R Miller, David T Levy, David I Swedler
OBJECTIVE: To estimate lives saved during 2008-2023 by traffic safety laws passed in six developing countries while participating in the Bloomberg Road Safety Program (BRSP). METHODS: BRSP-funded local staff identified relevant laws and described enforcement to the study team. We analyzed road crash death estimates for 2004-2013 from the Global Burden of Disease and projected estimates absent intervention forward to 2023. We amalgamated developing country and US literature to estimate crash death reductions by country resulting from laws governing drink driving, motorcycle helmets, safety belt use, and traffic fines...
February 1, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229128/thirty-day-readmission-and-mortality-among-medicare-beneficiaries-discharged-to-skilled-nursing-facilities-after-vascular-surgery
#5
Sara Fernandes-Taylor, Stephen Berg, Rebecca Gunter, Kyla Bennett, Maureen A Smith, Paul J Rathouz, Caprice C Greenberg, K Craig Kent
BACKGROUND: Readmission within 30 d of an acute hospital stay is frequent, costly, and increasingly subject to penalties. Early readmission is most common after vascular surgery; these patients are often discharged to skilled nursing facilities (SNFs), making postacute care an essential partner in reducing readmissions. We characterize 30-day readmissions among vascular surgery patients discharged to SNF to provide evidence for this understudied segment of readmission after specialty surgery...
January 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157836/elevated-neopterin-levels-predict-early-death-in-older-hip-fracture-patients
#6
Martin Larsen, Charles Bayard, Hélène Lepetitcorps, Judith Cohen-Bittan, Victor Appay, Jacques Boddaert, Delphine Sauce
Our society faces a major challenge concerning management of the health and socio-economic burden caused by acute physical stress in the older population (+75years). In particular, hip-fracture surgery (HFS) represents a major health care preoccupation, affecting 1.6 million patients worldwide, resulting in a significant drop in life quality and autonomy. The trauma is associated with 20-30% one-year mortality in the elderly. In the present study, we aim to identify factors, which influence and/or predict the outcome of elderly hip- fracture patients (HFP) post-surgery...
December 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042520/-epilepsy-and-driving
#7
Shunsuke Takagi, Masato Matsuura
In Japan, the Road Traffic Act was amended in 2013, and the revision was enacted in 2014. This revision includes new rules such as the requirement that a driver declare medical conditions on licensing, with a penalty for false statements. There is also a new voluntary notification system that enables doctors to report unlawful drivers. At the same time, the new Criminal Law Act was enacted. This act provides a penalty for causing death or injury to other persons by driving under the influence of specific drugs or diseases, including epilepsy...
October 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027893/hospital-acquired-conditions-predictors-and-implications-for-outcomes-following-spine-tumor-resection
#8
Nikita Lakomkin, Constantinos G Hadjipanayis
OBJECTIVE Hospital-acquired conditions (HACs) significantly compromise patient safety, and have been identified by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services as events that will be associated with penalties for surgeons. The mitigation of HACs must be an important consideration during the postoperative management of patients undergoing spine tumor resection. The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors for HACs and to characterize the relationship between HACs and other postoperative adverse events following spine tumor resection...
December 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887464/rnaseq-revealed-the-important-gene-pathways-controlling-adaptive-mechanisms-under-waterlogged-stress-in-maize
#9
Kanika Arora, Kusuma Kumari Panda, Shikha Mittal, Mallana Gowdra Mallikarjuna, Atmakuri Ramakrishna Rao, Prasanta Kumar Dash, Nepolean Thirunavukkarasu
Waterlogging causes yield penalty in maize-growing countries of subtropical regions. Transcriptome analysis of the roots of a tolerant inbred HKI1105 using RNA sequencing revealed 21,364 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) under waterlogged stress condition. These 21,364 DEGs are known to regulate important pathways including energy-production, programmed cell death (PCD), aerenchyma formation, and ethylene responsiveness. High up-regulation of invertase (49-fold) and hexokinase (36-fold) in roots explained the ATP requirement in waterlogging condition...
September 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818681/sanction-changes-and-drunk-driving-injuries-deaths-in-taiwan
#10
Yun-Shan Chan, Chin-Shyan Chen, Lanying Huang, Yu-I Peng
Driving under the influence (DUI) is one of the major causes of traffic accidents in Taiwan. About 5% of injuries involve DUI, and nearly 20% of deaths are due to alcohol-related crashes. During early 2006 to the end of 2014, the authorities in Taiwan increased the severity of fine and jail penalties for DUI offenders three times. At the same time, the monthly drunk-driving injures decreased nearly 40% and the monthly alcohol-related traffic death dropped more than 80%. In this paper, we examine the effects of sanction changes on the reduction of drunk-driving casualties during this period...
August 14, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801944/the-emergence-of-second-generation-lethal-injection-protocols-a-brief-history-and-review
#11
Daniel R Malcom, Frank Romanelli
The history of capital punishment in the United States is long and controversial. In many cases, lethal injection has brought medical personnel, ethically and professionally charged with preserving life, into the arena of assisting the state in taking life. U.S. Supreme Court decisions, including Baze v. Rees (2008) and Glossip v. Gross (2015), have evaluated and condoned lethal injection protocols. Despite the judicial validation of some midazolam-containing protocols, controversy exists about the level of unconsciousness provided due to the ceiling effects of the drug...
October 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792360/in-their-own-words-a-qualitative-exploration-of-last-statements-of-capital-punishment-inmates-in-the-state-of-missouri-1995-2011
#12
Maranda A Upton, Tabitha M Carwile, Kristina S Brown
Last statements have been a common practice as part of capital punishment as far back as the 1300s in Europe. In the United States, the first execution occurred in 1608, and currently, 32 states have the death penalty. In 1991, Missouri integrated death row inmates into the general prison population, which makes this population unique compared with other death row populations across the United States. This article is a qualitative study on the themes found in the last statements of 46 capitally punished inmates in Missouri from 1995 to 2011...
September 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595333/the-rise-of-the-current-mortality-pattern-of-the-united-states-1890-1930
#13
Hiroshi Maeda
This article examines how the epidemiologic transition and the reduction of the urban mortality penalty gave rise to the current mortality regime, and demonstrates how the 1918 influenza pandemic signaled its advent. This article approaches those issues by analyzing urban-rural mortality differentials from 1890 to 1930. Until 1910 infectious diseases dwarfed degenerative diseases, and, generally, the more urban the location was, the higher infectious disease, and overall, mortality was, a direct relationship...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576892/study-protocol-of-a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-pilot-trial-clinical-effectiveness-on-smoking-cessation-of-traditional-and-complementary-medicine-interventions-including-acupuncture-and-aromatherapy-in-combination-with-nicotine-replacement-therapy
#14
Soobin Jang, Sunju Park, Bo-Hyoung Jang, Yu Lee Park, Ju Ah Lee, Chung-Sik Cho, Ho-Yeon Go, Yong Cheol Shin, Seong-Gyu Ko
INTRODUCTION: Nicotine dependence is a disease, and tobacco use is related to 6 million deaths annually worldwide. Recently, in many countries, there has been growing interest in the use of traditional and complementary medicine (T&CM) methods, especially acupuncture, as therapeutic interventions for smoking cessation. The aim of this pilot study is to investigate the effectiveness of T&CM interventions on smoking cessation. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The STOP (Stop Tobacco Programme using traditional Korean medicine) study is designed to be a pragmatic, open-label, randomised pilot trial...
June 2, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549528/the-penalty-points-system-in-ireland-does-it-remain-effective-14-years-on
#15
C Downey, M Donnelly
INTRODUCTION: Road traffic accidents (RTAs) are the leading cause of trauma related mortality in Ireland. The penalty points system (PPS) was introduced in Ireland in 2002 to incentivise safer driving and reduce injury. Its early effect was studied previously(1) which concluded that there was a slight reduction in RTA related femoral shaft fractures (a sensitive indicator of high energy trauma) and a dramatic reduction in RTA related discharges. We hypothesized that over the following 14 years, the penalty points system might lose its effectiveness...
May 23, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476128/impact-on-hospital-ranking-of-basing-readmission-measures-on-a-composite-endpoint-of-death-or-readmission-versus-readmissions-alone
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Laurent G Glance, Yue Li, Andrew W Dick
BACKGROUND: Readmission penalties are central to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) efforts to improve patient outcomes and reduce health care spending. However, many clinicians believe that readmission metrics may unfairly penalize low-mortality hospitals because mortality and readmission are competing risks. The objective of this study is to compare hospital ranking based on a composite outcome of death or readmission versus readmission alone. METHODS: We performed a retrospective observational study of 344,565 admissions for acute myocardial infarction (AMI), congestive heart failure (CHF), or pneumoniae (PNEU) using population-based data from the New York State Inpatient Database (NY SID) between 2011 and 2013...
May 5, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443539/achieving-progress-on-ending-the-death-penalty
#17
EDITORIAL
The Lancet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 22, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438993/air-quality-health-and-climate-implications-of-china-s-synthetic-natural-gas-development
#18
Yue Qin, Fabian Wagner, Noah Scovronick, Wei Peng, Junnan Yang, Tong Zhu, Kirk R Smith, Denise L Mauzerall
Facing severe air pollution and growing dependence on natural gas imports, the Chinese government plans to increase coal-based synthetic natural gas (SNG) production. Although displacement of coal with SNG benefits air quality, it increases CO2 emissions. Due to variations in air pollutant and CO2 emission factors and energy efficiencies across sectors, coal replacement with SNG results in varying degrees of air quality benefits and climate penalties. We estimate air quality, human health, and climate impacts of SNG substitution strategies in 2020...
May 9, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403736/make-health-and-safety-a-part-of-global-struggles-against-imperialism-racism-and-other-oppressions
#19
Deborah Deeg Gold
Deborah "Deeg" Gold was presented in November 2016 with the Alice Hamilton Award of the Occupational Health and Safety Section of the American Public Health Association. Deeg worked for more than 20 years for the California Division of Occupational Safety and Health (Cal/OSHA) as a field compliance officer, senior industrial hygienist, and then became the agency's Deputy Chief for Health. Prior to joining Cal/OSHA, Deeg Gold was a rank-and-file worker health and safety activist in her union. She is also an activist on many social justice issues, including opposing the death penalty and is a queer activist...
May 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340206/monitoring-the-quality-of-cardiac-surgery-based-on-three-or-more-surgical-outcomes-using-a-new-variable-life-adjusted-display
#20
Fah Fatt Gan, Xu Tang, Yexin Zhu, Puay Weng Lim
Quality problem or issue: The traditional variable life-adjusted display (VLAD) is a graphical display of the difference between expected and actual cumulative deaths. The VLAD assumes binary outcomes: death within 30 days of an operation or survival beyond 30 days. Full recovery and bedridden for life, for example, are considered the same outcome. This binary classification results in a great loss of information. Initial assessment: Although there are many grades of survival, the binary outcomes are commonly used to classify surgical outcomes...
June 1, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
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