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Alexander Niecke, Klaus Peters, Christina Samel, Kristin Forster, Markus Lüngen, Holger Pfaff, Christian Albus
BACKGROUND: More than 50 years after the withdrawal of thalidomide from the market, subsequent orthopedic damages and psychosocial impairments dominate the complaints of thalidomide-affected individuals. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of mental disorders in this group. METHODS: A total of 193 thalidomide-affected individuals from North Rhine-Westphalia (mean age 50.5 years, 56.5% women) underwent personal and comprehensive psychodiagnostic testing, which was based on the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV disorders (SCID-I & SCID-II) and self-reporting questionnaires...
March 10, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Наталия Е Водопьянова, Вера А Чикер, Валерия В Потявина
INTRODUCTION: In the article, the issues concerning hope, which is one of the most important resources for specialists of many nurturant professions, are observed. The theoretical analysis of hope and its categorization from the perspective of subjective and resource-based view is given. The special scientific and practical interest to human subjective and personal resources is determined by their unique role not only in human life support, but also in overcoming hard situations and extreme obstacles, including crisis situations in professional activity, with the example of the profession of a doctor...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Maria Rosaria Anna Muscatello, Giulia Maria Troili, Gianluca Pandolfo, Carmela Mento, Giuseppa Gallo, Giulia Lanza, Basilio Pintaudi, Giacoma Di Vieste, Antonino Di Benedetto, Rocco Antonio Zoccali, Antonio Bruno
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of negative emotions such as depression, anxiety and anger on clinical expression of type 1 diabetes, also assessing possible gender differences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 75 subjects with type 1 diabetes mellitus afferent to Diabetology Unit of the University Hospital in Messina underwent the following psychodiagnostic tests: Hamilton Rating Scale For Depression (HDRS), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory form Y (STAI-Y), State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-2 (STAXI-2)...
February 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
Kathryn Hefner, Gerald Valentine, Mehmet Sofuoglu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adults with mental illness (MI) use combustible tobacco at increased rates and have greater difficulty quitting smoking. Given the increasing popularity of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), their use by those with MI has important health implications. While preliminary evidence suggests potential benefits of e-cigarette use for those with MI, well-controlled, systematic research examining appeal, correlates, and consequences of e-cigarette use in this vulnerable population is lacking...
February 2, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
Merijn van de Laar, Tim Leufkens, Bart Bakker, Dirk Pevernagie, Sebastiaan Overeem
Insomnia is a too general term for various subtypes that might have different etiologies and therefore require different types of treatment. In this explorative study we used cluster analysis to distinguish different phenotypes in 218 patients with insomnia, taking into account several factors including sleep variables and characteristics related to personality and psychiatric comorbidity. Three clusters emerged from the analysis. The 'moderate insomnia with low psychopathology'-cluster was characterized by relatively normal personality traits, as well as normal levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms in the presence of moderate insomnia severity...
January 30, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Mario Vitali, Carmen Napolitano, Marlene Oscar Berman, Simona Flamminii Minuto, Gemma Battagliese, Maria Luisa Attilia, Eric R Braverman, Marina Romeo, Kenneth Blum, Mauro Ceccanti
BACKGROUND: In 1987, Cloninger proposed a clinical description and classification of different personality traits genetically defined and independent from each other. Moreover, he elaborated a specific test the TCI to investigate these traits/states. The study of craving in Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) assumed a greater significance, since ever more data seems to suggest a direct correlation between high levels of craving and a higher risk of relapse in alcoholics. Thus, our study aim is to explore the possible correlations among TCI linked molecular neurobiological pattern (s), craving and alcohol addiction severity measures in a sample of Italian alcoholics...
April 2016: Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy
Stanislava N Harizanova, Nonka G Mateva, Tanya Ch Tarnovska
BACKGROUND: Burnout syndrome is a phenomenon that seems to be studied globally in relation to all types of populations. The staff in the system of correctional institutions in Bulgaria, however, is oddly left out of this tendency. There is no standardized model in Bulgaria that can be used to detect possible susceptibility to professional burnout. The methods available at present only register the irreversible changes that have already set in the functioning of the individual. V. Boyko's method for burnout assessment allows clinicians to use individual approach to patients and affords easy comparability of results with data from other psychodiagnostic instruments...
December 1, 2016: Folia Medica
M J J Kunst, M Van de Wiel
The current study investigated whether mental health practitioners are influenced by the narrative fallacy when assessing the psychological injuries of trauma victims. The narrative fallacy is associated with our tendency to establish logical links between different facts. In psychodiagnostic assessments, this tendency may result in overdiagnosis of mental disorders when psychological symptoms can be attributed to a traumatic event. Consequently, legal decision makers may be at risk of awarding compensation for psychological injuries which are not severe enough to justify financial reimbursement...
2016: Psychological Injury and Law
A V Kotel'nikova, A A Kukshina
The objective of the present study was to elucidate the possibility of using psycho-diagnostic tools for the preventive diagnostics of the patients' adherence to the treatment in the course of medical rehabilitation. The article presents the overview of the available literature concerning the problem of interest. It is shown that the important factors of preventive diagnostics of the compliance include the peculiar steady-state and dynamic features of the individual patients presenting with chronic pathology, their current emotional state, intellectual and motivational preparedness for the active and meaningful participation in the rehabilitation process...
May 2016: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
Stefanie Keulen, Jo Verhoeven, Louis De Page, Roel Jonkers, Roelien Bastiaanse, Peter Mariën
This paper presents the case of a 33-year-old, right-handed, French-speaking Belgian lady who was involved in a car accident as a pedestrian. Six months after the incident she developed a German/Flemish-like accent. The patient's medical history, the onset of the FAS and the possible psychological causes of the accent change are analyzed. Relevant neuropsychological, neurolinguistic, and psychodiagnostic test results are presented and discussed. The psychodiagnostic interview and testing will receive special attention, because these have been underreported in previous FAS case reports...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Andrea S Young, Molly R Meers, Anthony T Vesco, Adina M Seidenfeld, L Eugene Arnold, Mary A Fristad
This study explored predictors of improvement after completing a psychodiagnostic screening assessment but before randomization among youth who participated in two pilot randomized controlled trials of omega-3 supplementation and Individual-Family Psychoeducational Psychotherapy (PEP). Ninety-five youth (56.8% male, 61.1% White) ages 7-14 with mood disorders completed screening and baseline assessments (including Clinical Global Impressions-Improvement [CGI-I], Children's Depression Rating Scale-Revised, Young Mania Rating Scale), then were randomized into a 12-week trial of omega-3, PEP, their combination, or placebo...
April 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Stefanie Keulen, Jo Verhoeven, Roelien Bastiaanse, Peter Mariën, Roel Jonkers, Nicolas Mavroudakis, Philippe Paquier
A 40-year-old, non-aphasic, right-handed, and polyglot (L1: French, L2: Dutch, and L3: English) woman with a 12-year history of addiction to opiates and psychoactive substances, and clear psychiatric problems, presented with a foreign accent of sudden onset in L1. Speech evolved toward a mostly fluent output, despite a stutter-like behavior and a marked grammatical output disorder. The psychogenic etiology of the accent foreignness was construed based on the patient's complex medical history and psychodiagnostic, neuropsychological, and neurolinguistic assessments...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Antonietta Coppola, Carmela Caccavale, Lia Santulli, Simona Balestrini, Claudia Cagnetti, Laura Licchetta, Marcello Esposito, Francesca Bisulli, Paolo Tinuper, Leandro Provinciali, Carlo Minetti, Federico Zara, Pasquale Striano, Salvatore Striano
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this report was to assess the psychiatric comorbidity in a group of patients affected by autosomal dominant cortical tremor, myoclonus, and epilepsy (ADCME). METHODS: Reliable and validated psychodiagnostic scales including the BDI (Beck Depression Inventory), STAI-Y1 and 2 (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory - Y; 1 and 2), MMPI-2 (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory - 2), and QoLIE-31 (Quality of Life in Epilepsy Inventory - 31) were administered to 20 patients with ADCME, 20 patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME), and 20 healthy controls...
March 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Mahesh Ramanina Gowda, Nikitha Harish, Arun Aslam, Mangala Padmanabiah, Radhika Magaji
CONTEXT: Handwriting analysis is a unique, specialized and emerging scientific process that has been carried out and applied for centuries now. However, its reliability and effectiveness as a method of assessing personality and behavior is not established and is still a debatable issue. The present paper aimed to examine the possibility of a correlation between clinical diagnosis and graphological analysis and to explore the key links between the underlying personality traits and its manifestations in handwriting among children...
October 2015: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
A A Kukshina, D A Vereshchagina, A S Gozulov, A V Kotel'Nikova
The present article presents a review of the premorbid personality traits with special reference to the psychic state and pain-related behaviour characteristics of the patients presenting with dorsopathies. Also discussed is the relationship between the psychoemotional disorders and the intensity of pain syndrome. The psychodiagnostic approaches and techniques most commonly applied for the examination of this group of the patients are considered together with the psychotherapeutic methods used for their combined treatment and follow-up rehabilitative care...
July 2015: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
Andrea S Young, Sarah Horwitz, Robert L Findling, Eric A Youngstrom, L Eugene Arnold, Mary A Fristad
OBJECTIVE: The goal of these analyses was to describe the 12-month prevalence of mental health services retention for youths ages six to 12 years and identify predictors of treatment retention. Data were from the Longitudinal Assessment of Manic Symptoms study. METHODS: In a longitudinal cohort study, 416 children and their parents completed measures of mental health services use and parents' perception of the services and participated in semistructured psychodiagnostic interviews during a baseline and 12-month assessment...
March 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Annett Salzwedel, Rona Reibis, Karl Wegscheider, Sarah Eichler, Hermann Buhlert, Stefan Kaminski, Heinz Völler
BACKGROUND: Return to work (RTW) is a pivotal goal of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in patients after acute cardiac event. We aimed to evaluate cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) parameters as predictors for RTW at discharge after CR. METHODS: We analyzed data from a registry of 489 working-age patients (51.5 ± 6.9 years, 87.9 % men) who had undergone inpatient CR predominantly after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI 62.6 %), coronary artery bypass graft (CABG 17...
March 2016: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
M L Pistorio, M Veroux, A Giaquinta, N Sinagra, D Corona, P Veroux, C De Pasquale
BACKGROUND: Transplantation has profound psychological implications. Psychodiagnostic assessments with structured instruments (scales, questionnaires) may be insufficient for bringing out the deeper aspects of the personality. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty kidney transplant recipients underwent the Thematic Apperception Test to detect significant variables hypothetically related to characteristics of the study sample and the SF-36 to assess quality of life. RESULTS: The variable of Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) "communication difficulties" was significantly correlated with the dimensions of the SF-36 "emotional role functioning," "social activities," and "mental health...
September 2015: Transplantation Proceedings
Marie Ociskova, Jan Prasko, Dana Kamaradova, Ales Grambal, Zuzana Sigmundova
BACKGROUND: A number of psychiatric patients experience stigma connected to prejudices about mental disorders. It has been shown that stigma is most harmful when it is internalized. Most of the studies were performed on individuals either with psychoses or with mood disorders, and hence, there are almost no studies with other diagnostic categories. The goals of this research were to identify factors that are significantly related to self-stigma in patients with anxiety disorders and to suggest possible models of causality for these relationships...
2015: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Gregory E Alexander, Timothy A Satalich, W Rodman Shankle, William H Batchelder
Clinical tests used for psychodiagnostic purposes, such as the well-known Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale: Cognitive subscale (ADAS-Cog), include a free-recall task. The free-recall task taps into latent cognitive processes associated with learning and memory components of human cognition, any of which might be impaired with the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). A Hidden Markov model of free recall is developed to measure latent cognitive processes used during the free-recall task. In return, these cognitive measurements give us insight into the degree to which normal cognitive functions are differentially impaired by medical conditions, such as AD and related disorders...
March 2016: Psychological Assessment
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