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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697398/-swot-analysis-of-professional-personal-competence-of-economists-in-medical-organizations
#1
T Issayev, A Masalimova, R Magzumova
In modern conditions, there is a tendency to replace the qualification approach of assessing economists in medical organizations - competence. The purpose of the study was to identify the professional and personal abilities of economists in medical organizations to actively participate in the management decisions of the medical organization in the transition from public administration to the right of economic management. The study was carried out in 3 stages. At the first stage, the degree of influence of the experience of the economist, the frequency of training and its burden on the profitability of the medical organization was analyzed...
March 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600306/epidemiology-treatment-efficacy-and-anxiety-aspects-of-music-students-affected-by-playing-related-pain-a-retrospective-evaluation-with-follow-up
#2
Christos I Ioannou, Julia Hafer, André Lee, Eckart Altenmüller
OBJECTIVES: Playing-related pain (PRP) is a common problem among music students. We retrospectively assessed epidemiological factors that contributed to the manifestation of PRP and evaluated the efficacy of treatment methods used by affected music students. The long-term course of PRP symptoms was also examined, along with current (today) levels of trait anxieties. METHODS: Demographic and epidemiological data of 186 music students who visited the musicians' outpatient clinic over a 5-year period were retrieved...
March 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578497/use-of-a-psychophysiological-script-driven-imagery-experiment-to-study-trauma-related-dissociation-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#3
Dana Maria Bichescu-Burian, Benjamin Grieb, Tilman Steinert, Carmen Uhlmann, Jürgen Steyer
This protocol offers a detailed description of a psychophysiological experiment using script-driven trauma-related imagery and standardized clinical instruments within a comparative design assessing physiological and psychopathological features of individuals with BPD. This method aims at studying the psychological and physiological effects of trauma-related dissociation. Since the psychodiagnostic classification of trauma-related disorders relies on the observation of evolutionarily determined responses to life-threat, an integrated assessment paradigm for the study of reactions to traumatic memories proposes a very appropriate methodological approach...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505294/assessing-level-of-personality-organization-with-the-psychodiagnostic-chart-a-validity-study
#4
Jon Hinrichs, V Barry Dauphin, Cheryl C Munday, John H Porcerelli, Ray Kamoo, Paula Christian-Kliger
Heterogeneity within diagnostic types and comorbidity across diagnostic groups render a specific personality disorder anything but specific, leading researchers and clinicians to increasingly focus on the general severity of personality pathology. Personality pathology severity is reflected in one's level of personality organization (LPO) and research has demonstrated that LPO is a significant predictor of treatment response. This investigation examined the reliability and validity of the Psychodiagnostic Chart (PDC) in assessing the LPO dimension of the Psychodynamic Diagnostic Manual (PDM; PDM Task Force, 2006)...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480047/-low-intensity-evidence-based-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-of-a-patient-with-crohn-s-disease
#5
Dóra Antal-Uram, László Harsányi, Dóra Perczel-Forintos
Inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease and colitis ulcerosa) is a chronic, long-term condition that causes chronic inflammation in the digestive tract, and shows an increasing incidence and prevalence worldwide. Changes in disease activity over time affect psychological distress which increases the risk of exacerbations. Beside somatic symptoms (such as abdominal pain, diarrhoea and weight loss), psychiatric comorbidity (in particular major depression, anxiety, social phobia) is common in patients with Crohn's disease...
March 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464816/on-the-issue-of-choosing-psychodiagnostic-methods-of-measuring-and-scoring-of-cognitive-deficit-in-case-of-schizophrenia
#6
Elena Rudolfovna Isaeva, Gulfya Gadilevna Lebedeva, Yulia Alexandrovna Simon
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: The article is dedicated to the search of more accurate psychodiagnostic methods and methods of evaluation that can help to define the degree of manifestation of cognitive deficiency among patients suffering from various schizophrenic disorders. The notions of cognitive deficiency and cognitive profile are analysed; we understand them as the correlation between intact and damaged components of cognitive processes and their diagrammatic representation. The authors prove that it is essential to provide a detailed scale of cognitive deficiencies detectable in case of schizophrenic disorders and to design universal algorithms that could translate the results of traditional content analysis of cognitive disorders into quantitative indicators...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388703/gender-differences-in-neurocognitive-performance-among-children-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#7
Shira Segev, Maayan Shorer, Tammy Pilowsky Peleg, Alan Apter, Silvana Fennig, Yuri Rassovsky
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) are frequent sequelae after motor vehicle accidents (MVAs). These two pathologies often have overlapping neurocognitive deficits across several domains, such as attention, memory, and executive functions. The present study was an effort to examine the contribution of gender to these overlapping symptoms. To this end, psychodiagnostic and neuropsychological data were collected on 61 children and adolescents 3 months following MVA. All participants were diagnosed with PTSD, and about half (n = 33) also received a diagnosis of mTBI...
February 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197202/factor-structure-and-cut-off-scores-of-the-hospital-anxiety-and-depression-scale-hads-in-a-croatian-sample-of-adult-patients-suffering-from-advanced-cancer
#8
Maja Miljanović, Joško Sindik, Vibor Milunović, Vesna Kralj Škoc, Marijana Braš, Veljko Đorđević
BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer should be systematically screened for psychological problems at key points in their pathway. Usage of self-report scales for measuring anxiety and depression (such as Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS)) is a very practical methodfor detecting anxiety and depression. The aim of this research was to determine latent structure, reliability and cut-off scores of HADSin a Croatian sample of adult patients suffering from advanced metastatic cancer...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884740/-the-specific-features-of-the-psycho-emotional-status-and-the-application-of-psychotherapy-for-the-rehabilitative-treatment-of-the-patients-presenting-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#9
A A Kukshina, D A Vereschagina, A V Kotel'nikova, V P Zaitsev
The relevance of the problem of rheumatoid arthritis arises from the influence of such factors as its prevalence rate, unpredictability, tendency towards the transition to the chronic form, severe pain syndrome, high levels of disability, and long-term loss of working ability, as well as the accompanying psycho-emotional disorders. The present reviews article was designed to analyze the premorbid personality characteristics, the specifics features of mental health, and the response to the disease in the patients presenting with rheumatoid arthritis...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713080/clinical-and-psychopathological-characteristics-of-the-autoagressive-behavior-in-patients-with-the-first-psychotic-episode-with-considering-circadian-rhythms
#10
Dmytro I Boiko, Lilia V Zhyvotovska, Grigorij T Sonnik, Andrij M Skrypnіkov
INTRODUCTION: The high rate of autoagressive action in patients with psychotic symptoms manifested during the beginning of active psychopharmatherapy, and they are often the reason for psychiatric help. The continuous growth of autoagressive behavior indicates the number of unsolved problems in clinical suicidology. AIM: The aim of this research was to explore the clinical and psychopathological characteristics of the autoagressive behavior in patients with the first psychotic episode with considering circadian rhythms...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558624/contribution-of-analyses-on-triadic-relationships-to-diagnostics-and-treatment-planning-in-developmental-psychopathology
#11
Michela Gatta, Marina Miscioscia, Alessandra Simonelli, Laura Sudati, Marta Sisti, Ilaria Comis, Pier Antonio Battistella
Recent clinical and theoretical research in the field of developmental psychopathology has focused on the importance of interactions in a child's development. The literature has investigated how children's early relationships contribute to the structure and expression of any subsequent psychological problems. The main focus of this pilot study is the application of the Lausanne Trilogue Play paradigm as part of psychodiagnostic assessments to elucidate family functioning in clinical settings. The research aims particularly to observe the characteristics of a family's interactions in the light of their child's psychopathological symptoms, based on a sample of 38 families with school-age children referred to a Neuropsychiatry Unit for Children and Adolescents for emotional or behavioral problems...
April 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526631/mating-strategies-and-sexual-functioning-in-personality-disorders-a%C3%A2-comprehensive-review-of-literature
#12
REVIEW
Alberto Collazzoni, Giacomo Ciocca, Erika Limoncin, Carmela Marucci, Daniele Mollaioli, Stefania Di Sante, Giorgio Di Lorenzo, Cinzia Niolu, Alberto Siracusano, Mario Maggi, Giovanni Castellini, Alessandro Rossi, Emmanuele A Jannini
INTRODUCTION: Personality disorders impair several aspects of intrapsychic and interpersonal life. In particular, mating strategies and sexual functioning could manifest in different and/or dysfunctional ways in people with personality disorders. AIM: To describe, through a comprehensive review of the literature, the mating strategies and sexual functioning in patients with personality disorders. METHODS: We listed and discussed the principal studies on the relation between mating strategies and sexual functioning in personality disorders...
May 16, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492577/-neuropsychological-profiles-personality-features-and-familial-relational-patterns-in-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#13
Marinella Zingale, Santina Città, Paola Occhipinti, Flaviana Elia, Serafino Buono
INTRODUCTION: The study of neuropsychological profiles and personality features of parents of persons with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has highlighted specific traits that turned out to be useful for diagnostic purposes. AIM AND METHODS: In our study, psychodiagnostic measures have been used to investigate cognitive profiles, personality features and familial relational patters in a group of parents of children with ASD associated to Intellectual Disability (ID)...
March 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475727/foregut-symptoms-somatoform-tendencies-and-the-selection-of-patients-for-antireflux-surgery
#14
K-H Fuchs, F Musial, F Ulbricht, W Breithaupt, A Reinisch, B Babic, H Fuchs, G Varga
A large variety of foregut symptoms can occur in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), which can overlap with other disorders such as somatoform disorders and dyspepsia. Due to unclear diagnostic situations, these patients are often not adequately treated. The aim of this study was the evaluation of patients with foregut symptoms, referred for possible antireflux surgery, regarding their relationship with GERD and somatization tendencies based on control data from an unselected population. Symptom evaluation and somatization screening were initiated both in volunteers and in patients with foregut symptoms and GERD...
July 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377012/mental-disorders-in-people-affected-by-thalidomide
#15
Alexander Niecke, Klaus Peters, Christina Samel, Kristin Forster, Markus Lüngen, Holger Pfaff, Christian Albus
BACKGROUND: More than 50 years after the withdrawal of thalidomide from the market, subsequent orthopedic damages and psychosocial impairments dominate the complaints of thalidomide-affected individuals. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of mental disorders in this group. METHODS: A total of 193 thalidomide-affected individuals from North Rhine-Westphalia (mean age 50.5 years, 56.5% women) underwent personal and comprehensive psychodiagnostic testing, which was based on the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV disorders (SCID-I & SCID-II) and self-reporting questionnaires...
March 10, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343196/-hope-as-psychological-resource-for-nurturant-professionals-medicine-case-study
#16
Наталия Е Водопьянова, Вера А Чикер, Валерия В Потявина
INTRODUCTION: In the article, the issues concerning hope, which is one of the most important resources for specialists of many nurturant professions, are observed. The theoretical analysis of hope and its categorization from the perspective of subjective and resource-based view is given. The special scientific and practical interest to human subjective and personal resources is determined by their unique role not only in human life support, but also in overcoming hard situations and extreme obstacles, including crisis situations in professional activity, with the example of the profession of a doctor...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287201/-depression-anxiety-and-anger-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Maria Rosaria Anna Muscatello, Giulia Maria Troili, Gianluca Pandolfo, Carmela Mento, Giuseppa Gallo, Giulia Lanza, Basilio Pintaudi, Giacoma Di Vieste, Antonino Di Benedetto, Rocco Antonio Zoccali, Antonio Bruno
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of negative emotions such as depression, anxiety and anger on clinical expression of type 1 diabetes, also assessing possible gender differences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 75 subjects with type 1 diabetes mellitus afferent to Diabetology Unit of the University Hospital in Messina underwent the following psychodiagnostic tests: Hamilton Rating Scale For Depression (HDRS), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory form Y (STAI-Y), State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-2 (STAXI-2)...
February 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152247/electronic-cigarettes-and-mental-illness-reviewing-the-evidence-for-help-and-harm-among-those-with-psychiatric-and-substance-use-disorders
#18
REVIEW
Kathryn Hefner, Gerald Valentine, Mehmet Sofuoglu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adults with mental illness (MI) use combustible tobacco at increased rates and have greater difficulty quitting smoking. Given the increasing popularity of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), their use by those with MI has important health implications. While preliminary evidence suggests potential benefits of e-cigarette use for those with MI, well-controlled, systematic research examining appeal, correlates, and consequences of e-cigarette use in this vulnerable population is lacking...
June 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133972/phenotypes-of-sleeplessness-stressing-the-need-for-psychodiagnostics-in-the-assessment-of-insomnia
#19
Merijn van de Laar, Tim Leufkens, Bart Bakker, Dirk Pevernagie, Sebastiaan Overeem
Insomnia is a too general term for various subtypes that might have different etiologies and therefore require different types of treatment. In this explorative study we used cluster analysis to distinguish different phenotypes in 218 patients with insomnia, taking into account several factors including sleep variables and characteristics related to personality and psychiatric comorbidity. Three clusters emerged from the analysis. The 'moderate insomnia with low psychopathology'-cluster was characterized by relatively normal personality traits, as well as normal levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms in the presence of moderate insomnia severity...
September 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090374/neurophysiological-measures-and-alcohol-use-disorder-aud-hypothesizing-links-between-clinical-severity-index-and-molecular-neurobiological-patterns
#20
Mario Vitali, Carmen Napolitano, Marlene Oscar Berman, Simona Flamminii Minuto, Gemma Battagliese, Maria Luisa Attilia, Eric R Braverman, Marina Romeo, Kenneth Blum, Mauro Ceccanti
BACKGROUND: In 1987, Cloninger proposed a clinical description and classification of different personality traits genetically defined and independent from each other. Moreover, he elaborated a specific test the TCI to investigate these traits/states. The study of craving in Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) assumed a greater significance, since ever more data seems to suggest a direct correlation between high levels of craving and a higher risk of relapse in alcoholics. Thus, our study aim is to explore the possible correlations among TCI linked molecular neurobiological pattern (s), craving and alcohol addiction severity measures in a sample of Italian alcoholics...
April 2016: Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy
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