Read by QxMD icon Read


M J J Kunst, M Van de Wiel
The current study investigated whether mental health practitioners are influenced by the narrative fallacy when assessing the psychological injuries of trauma victims. The narrative fallacy is associated with our tendency to establish logical links between different facts. In psychodiagnostic assessments, this tendency may result in overdiagnosis of mental disorders when psychological symptoms can be attributed to a traumatic event. Consequently, legal decision makers may be at risk of awarding compensation for psychological injuries which are not severe enough to justify financial reimbursement...
2016: Psychological Injury and Law
A V Kotel'nikova, A A Kukshina
The objective of the present study was to elucidate the possibility of using psycho-diagnostic tools for the preventive diagnostics of the patients' adherence to the treatment in the course of medical rehabilitation. The article presents the overview of the available literature concerning the problem of interest. It is shown that the important factors of preventive diagnostics of the compliance include the peculiar steady-state and dynamic features of the individual patients presenting with chronic pathology, their current emotional state, intellectual and motivational preparedness for the active and meaningful participation in the rehabilitation process...
May 2016: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
Stefanie Keulen, Jo Verhoeven, Louis De Page, Roel Jonkers, Roelien Bastiaanse, Peter Mariën
This paper presents the case of a 33-year-old, right-handed, French-speaking Belgian lady who was involved in a car accident as a pedestrian. Six months after the incident she developed a German/Flemish-like accent. The patient's medical history, the onset of the FAS and the possible psychological causes of the accent change are analyzed. Relevant neuropsychological, neurolinguistic, and psychodiagnostic test results are presented and discussed. The psychodiagnostic interview and testing will receive special attention, because these have been underreported in previous FAS case reports...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Andrea S Young, Molly R Meers, Anthony T Vesco, Adina M Seidenfeld, L Eugene Arnold, Mary A Fristad
This study explored predictors of improvement after completing a psychodiagnostic screening assessment but before randomization among youth who participated in two pilot randomized controlled trials of omega-3 supplementation and Individual-Family Psychoeducational Psychotherapy (PEP). Ninety-five youth (56.8% male, 61.1% White) ages 7-14 with mood disorders completed screening and baseline assessments (including Clinical Global Impressions-Improvement [CGI-I], Children's Depression Rating Scale-Revised, Young Mania Rating Scale), then were randomized into a 12-week trial of omega-3, PEP, their combination, or placebo...
April 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Stefanie Keulen, Jo Verhoeven, Roelien Bastiaanse, Peter Mariën, Roel Jonkers, Nicolas Mavroudakis, Philippe Paquier
A 40-year-old, non-aphasic, right-handed, and polyglot (L1: French, L2: Dutch, and L3: English) woman with a 12-year history of addiction to opiates and psychoactive substances, and clear psychiatric problems, presented with a foreign accent of sudden onset in L1. Speech evolved toward a mostly fluent output, despite a stutter-like behavior and a marked grammatical output disorder. The psychogenic etiology of the accent foreignness was construed based on the patient's complex medical history and psychodiagnostic, neuropsychological, and neurolinguistic assessments...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Antonietta Coppola, Carmela Caccavale, Lia Santulli, Simona Balestrini, Claudia Cagnetti, Laura Licchetta, Marcello Esposito, Francesca Bisulli, Paolo Tinuper, Leandro Provinciali, Carlo Minetti, Federico Zara, Pasquale Striano, Salvatore Striano
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this report was to assess the psychiatric comorbidity in a group of patients affected by autosomal dominant cortical tremor, myoclonus, and epilepsy (ADCME). METHODS: Reliable and validated psychodiagnostic scales including the BDI (Beck Depression Inventory), STAI-Y1 and 2 (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory - Y; 1 and 2), MMPI-2 (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory - 2), and QoLIE-31 (Quality of Life in Epilepsy Inventory - 31) were administered to 20 patients with ADCME, 20 patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME), and 20 healthy controls...
March 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Mahesh Ramanina Gowda, Nikitha Harish, Arun Aslam, Mangala Padmanabiah, Radhika Magaji
CONTEXT: Handwriting analysis is a unique, specialized and emerging scientific process that has been carried out and applied for centuries now. However, its reliability and effectiveness as a method of assessing personality and behavior is not established and is still a debatable issue. The present paper aimed to examine the possibility of a correlation between clinical diagnosis and graphological analysis and to explore the key links between the underlying personality traits and its manifestations in handwriting among children...
October 2015: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
A A Kukshina, D A Vereshchagina, A S Gozulov, A V Kotel'Nikova
The present article presents a review of the premorbid personality traits with special reference to the psychic state and pain-related behaviour characteristics of the patients presenting with dorsopathies. Also discussed is the relationship between the psychoemotional disorders and the intensity of pain syndrome. The psychodiagnostic approaches and techniques most commonly applied for the examination of this group of the patients are considered together with the psychotherapeutic methods used for their combined treatment and follow-up rehabilitative care...
July 2015: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
Andrea S Young, Sarah Horwitz, Robert L Findling, Eric A Youngstrom, L Eugene Arnold, Mary A Fristad
OBJECTIVE: The goal of these analyses was to describe the 12-month prevalence of mental health services retention for youths ages six to 12 years and identify predictors of treatment retention. Data were from the Longitudinal Assessment of Manic Symptoms study. METHODS: In a longitudinal cohort study, 416 children and their parents completed measures of mental health services use and parents' perception of the services and participated in semistructured psychodiagnostic interviews during a baseline and 12-month assessment...
March 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Annett Salzwedel, Rona Reibis, Karl Wegscheider, Sarah Eichler, Hermann Buhlert, Stefan Kaminski, Heinz Völler
BACKGROUND: Return to work (RTW) is a pivotal goal of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in patients after acute cardiac event. We aimed to evaluate cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) parameters as predictors for RTW at discharge after CR. METHODS: We analyzed data from a registry of 489 working-age patients (51.5 ± 6.9 years, 87.9 % men) who had undergone inpatient CR predominantly after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI 62.6 %), coronary artery bypass graft (CABG 17...
March 2016: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
M L Pistorio, M Veroux, A Giaquinta, N Sinagra, D Corona, P Veroux, C De Pasquale
BACKGROUND: Transplantation has profound psychological implications. Psychodiagnostic assessments with structured instruments (scales, questionnaires) may be insufficient for bringing out the deeper aspects of the personality. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty kidney transplant recipients underwent the Thematic Apperception Test to detect significant variables hypothetically related to characteristics of the study sample and the SF-36 to assess quality of life. RESULTS: The variable of Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) "communication difficulties" was significantly correlated with the dimensions of the SF-36 "emotional role functioning," "social activities," and "mental health...
September 2015: Transplantation Proceedings
Marie Ociskova, Jan Prasko, Dana Kamaradova, Ales Grambal, Zuzana Sigmundova
BACKGROUND: A number of psychiatric patients experience stigma connected to prejudices about mental disorders. It has been shown that stigma is most harmful when it is internalized. Most of the studies were performed on individuals either with psychoses or with mood disorders, and hence, there are almost no studies with other diagnostic categories. The goals of this research were to identify factors that are significantly related to self-stigma in patients with anxiety disorders and to suggest possible models of causality for these relationships...
2015: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Gregory E Alexander, Timothy A Satalich, W Rodman Shankle, William H Batchelder
Clinical tests used for psychodiagnostic purposes, such as the well-known Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale: Cognitive subscale (ADAS-Cog), include a free-recall task. The free-recall task taps into latent cognitive processes associated with learning and memory components of human cognition, any of which might be impaired with the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). A Hidden Markov model of free recall is developed to measure latent cognitive processes used during the free-recall task. In return, these cognitive measurements give us insight into the degree to which normal cognitive functions are differentially impaired by medical conditions, such as AD and related disorders...
March 2016: Psychological Assessment
L D Firsova, I M Pichugina, O B Ianova, O I Berezina, D S Bordin
AIM: To comparatively analyze clinical manifestations in patients with primary esophageal spasm (ES) and its concurrence with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and the results of their instrumental examinations and psychodiagnostic tests. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 104 patients with the clinical and manometric signs of ES were examined and divided into two groups: 1) 42 patients with primary ES; 2) 62 patients with ES concurrent with GERD. The examination encompassed esophageal manometry, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, 24-hour pH metry, and an interview using a questionnaire to identify autonomic disorders, and the Mini-Mult test...
2015: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
Heide Glaesmer, Thomas Forkmann, Andreas Dinkel, Inka Wahl, Heribert Sattel, Dorothea Huber, Lena Spangenberg, Sven Rabung, Sylke Andreas, Karin Tritt, Gabriele Helga Franke, Matthias Rose, Bernd Löwe
OBJECTIVES: Psychometric instruments are commonly applied in psychotherapeutic research and care for the baseline assessment of symptoms, the planning of therapeutic interventions, the assessment of the longitudinal course of symptoms and outcomes of therapeutic interventions as well as quality management of care. Psychometric properties as well as economic aspects should be considered in the selection of specific instruments. It is assumed that users of psychometric instruments face a great variety of instruments and related information...
July 2015: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
M A Morozova, G E Rupchev
OBJECTIVE: During the last years there is a clear shift of interest from acute to non-acute stages of schizophrenia: psychopathology and quality of remission, social functioning, and quality of life of patients. Authors think that in addition to that, a separate object of research should be the ability of patient to independent existence, or phenomenon of autonomy. For systematic research of autonomy in patients with schizophrenia a specialized assessment scale was constructed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: On the basis of preliminary clinical data, we realized that for description of autonomy it is necessary to consider consistency of patients at least in the following areas of life: to possess sufficient level of physical and psychic power; to be able to form specific and realistic goals at least in the nearest future and structure behavior correspondingly to goal achievement; to be able to use support from the social environment in case of deficit of personal resources; to use efficiently and on regular basis contacts with a doctor and other medical resources; to be able to manage everyday needs from hygiene to self-sufficiency, including ability to support compliance...
2015: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Francesco Gazzillo, Vittorio Lingiardi, Franco Del Corno, Federica Genova, Robert F Bornstein, Robert M Gordon, Nancy McWilliams
The aim of this study is to explore the relationship between level of personality organization and type of personality disorder as assessed with the categories in the Psychodynamic Diagnostic Manual (PDM; PDM Task Force, 2006) and the emotional responses of treating clinicians. We asked 148 Italian clinicians to assess 1 of their adult patients in treatment for personality disorders with the Psychodiagnostic Chart (PDC; Gordon & Bornstein, 2012) and the Personality Diagnostic Prototype (PDP; Gazzillo, Lingiardi, & Del Corno, 2012) and to complete the Therapist Response Questionnaire (TRQ; Betan, Heim, Zittel-Conklin, & Westen, 2005)...
June 2015: Psychotherapy
T A Aĭvazian, V P Zaĭtsev
The objective of the present study was to estimate the diagnostic potential of the Luscher color test. A total of 1083 patients presenting with chronic somatic diseases were available for the psychodiagnostic examination. It was shown that the color test makes it possible to evaluate clinically significant psychological characteristics as well as dynamics of anxiety and stress-resistance in this group of patients. Specifically, in the cases of chronic somatic diseases, the test can be used as one of the psychodiagnostic methods especially for mass screening and in the situations when the application of the standard questionnaires encounters difficulties (for example, in the patients with disturbed cognitive functions)...
September 2014: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
Suzette Glasner-Edwards, Larissa J Mooney
Psychotic symptoms and syndromes are frequently experienced among individuals who use methamphetamine, with recent estimates of up to approximately 40 % of users affected. Although transient in a large proportion of users, acute symptoms can include agitation, violence, and delusions, and may require management in an inpatient psychiatric or other crisis intervention setting. In a subset of individuals, psychosis can recur and persist and may be difficult to distinguish from a primary psychotic disorder such as schizophrenia...
December 2014: CNS Drugs
V de Vogel, J Stam, Y Bouman, P Ter Horst, M Lancel
BACKGROUND: Violence perpetrated by women has attracted more and more attention in the past few years. However, there is lack of background information about women admitted to forensic psychiatric hospitals and about risk factors for recidivism. AIM: To conduct a multicenter study which will give more insight into female psychiatric patients and which will probably have implications for psychodiagnostics, risk assessment and treatment in (forensic) psychiatric settings...
2014: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"