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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214998/optimal-visual-haptic-integration-with-articulated-tools
#1
Chie Takahashi, Simon J Watt
When we feel and see an object, the nervous system integrates visual and haptic information optimally, exploiting the redundancy in multiple signals to estimate properties more precisely than is possible from either signal alone. We examined whether optimal integration is similarly achieved when using articulated tools. Such tools (tongs, pliers, etc) are a defining characteristic of human hand function, but complicate the classical sensory 'correspondence problem' underlying multisensory integration. Optimal integration requires establishing the relationship between signals acquired by different sensors (hand and eye) and, therefore, in fundamentally unrelated units...
February 18, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210478/the-twin-epidemic-in-infertility-care-why-do-we-persist-in-transferring-too-many-embryos
#2
EDITORIAL
W Ombelet
The epidemic of iatrogenic multiple births as a result of infertility treatment are responsible for an unacceptable high incidence of maternal, perinatal and childhood morbidity and mortality. Healthcare costs due to infertility therapy are too high and this may lead to social and political concern. The introduction of single embryo transfer (SET) was a real breakthrough, but was only accepted in most European countries and Japan. The United States, Latin America and most developing countries still have high multiple pregnancy rates...
December 2016: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173847/burden-and-presentation-of-depression-among-newly-diagnosed-individuals-with-tb-in-primary-care-settings-in-ethiopia
#3
Fentie Ambaw, Rosie Mayston, Charlotte Hanlon, Atalay Alem
BACKGROUND: Understanding co-morbidity of depression and tuberculosis (TB) has been limited by challenges in measurement of depression due to overlapping symptoms, use of small hospital samples and uncontrolled analysis. This study was conducted to better understand the burden and presentation of depression, and associated factors in people with TB in primary care settings in Ethiopia. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey among 657 people newly diagnosed with TB...
February 7, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156561/a-qualitative-investigation-of-mindfulness-practice-to-support-advance-care-planning-acp
#4
Ann H Cottingham, Kathleen A Beck-Coon, Paul R Helft
: 15 Background: Despite ongoing attempts to increase ACP in the U.S, a national longitudinal study of patients with cancer found no significant change in participation in end-of-life (EOL) discussions or living will completion between 2000-2012. A key barrier to ACP includes emotional discomfort talking about EOL care preferences. Mindfulness practices facilitate emotional regulation through present-centered awareness and non-reactive coping. In this pilot, an intervention combining mindfulness training, mindful communication skill development, and information about ACP was hypothesized to increase ACP in patients with cancer...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153020/what-do-we-think-we-are-doing-how-might-a-clinical-information-network-be-promoting-implementation-of-recommended-paediatric-care-practices-in-kenyan-hospitals
#5
Mike English, Philip Ayieko, Rachel Nyamai, Fred Were, David Githanga, Grace Irimu
BACKGROUND: The creation of a clinical network was proposed as a means to promote implementation of a set of recommended clinical practices targeting inpatient paediatric care in Kenya. The rationale for selecting a network as a strategy has been previously described. Here, we aim to describe network activities actually conducted over its first 2.5 years, deconstruct its implementation into specific components and provide our 'insider' interpretation of how the network is functioning as an intervention...
February 2, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148806/the-quest-for-the-ffa-and-where-it-led
#6
Nancy Kanwisher
This article tells the story behind our first paper on the fusiform face area (FFA): how we chose the question, developed the methods, and followed the data to find the FFA and subsequently many other functionally specialized cortical regions. The paper's impact had less to do with the particular findings in the paper itself and more to do with the method that it promoted and the picture of the human mind and brain that it led to. The use of a functional localizer to define a candidate region in each subject individually enabled us not just to make pictures of brain activation, but also to ask principled, hypothesis-driven questions about a thing in nature...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141716/apraxia-autism-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-do-we-have-a-new-spectrum
#7
Jayna Schumacher, Kristine E Strand, Marilyn Augustyn
Gio is a bilingual 6-year 10-month-old boy new to your practice who presents for an unscheduled visit with concerns for speech and language delay. He was born in Portugal, and his native language is Portuguese. When he was 21 months old, his family moved to Italy and then moved to the United States 3 years later. He had very little contact with other children while living in Italy, but his parents report that he has made friends quickly in the United States. His family speaks Portuguese at home, although his father is fluent in English...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096066/-happiness-inventors-informing-positive-computing-technologies-through-participatory-design-with-children
#8
Svetlana Yarosh, Stephen Matthew Schueller
BACKGROUND: Positive psychological interventions for children have typically focused on direct adaptations of interventions developed for adults. As the community moves toward designing positive computing technologies to support child well-being, it is important to use a more participatory process that directly engages children's voices. OBJECTIVE: Our objectives were, through a participatory design study, to understand children's interpretations of positive psychology concepts, as well as their perspectives on technologies that are best suited to enhance their engagement with practice of well-being skills...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094653/associate-move-is-about-years-of-poor-decisions-not-improving-care
#9
Jane Bates
Physician associates, nursing associates - before long everyone will be associated with their job without being fully qualified to do it. Will we have associate managers? Associate MPs? The whole thing is quite odd.
January 4, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092708/-applying-ethics-placating-ethics-or-applying-ourselves-to-ethics-a-critical-view-of-environmental-ethics-as-applied-ethics
#10
Alejandro Serani Merlo
There is actually a pervasive tendency to consider environmental ethics and bioethics as specific cases pertaining to a supposed kind of ″applied ethics″. Application can be understood in two different meanings: a concrete sense, as in technical applications, and a psychological meaning, as when we mentally apply ourselves to a task. Ethics has been always thought as a practical knowledge, in a ″praxical″ sense and not in a ″poietic″ one. Ethics has to do with ″ends″ not with ″means″; in this sense ethics is ″useless″...
September 2016: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077845/when-words-were-wanted-but-woefully-wanting-we-waged-war-with-chess
#11
Burton Norman Seitler
What do you say to a child who rarely speaks? How do you work with such a youngster? What are the sine qua nons or guiding principles upon which analysts can draw? And, how do we know if we are being helpful? Sam was 9-years when I began treating him. He was extremely withdrawn and rarely spoke more than a few words. Instead, he mainly played chess. I did not know at first whether Sam's taciturn demeanor was due to shyness, limited verbal abilities, or the stultifying effects of trauma. Fortuitously, during one of many seemingly "innocent" games of chess, Sam happened to make a bold move, to which I admiringly remarked, "What a move, you're killing me...
December 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077741/is-using-a-latrine-a-strange-thing-to-do-a-mixed-methods-study-of-sanitation-preference-and-behaviors-in-rural-ethiopia
#12
Kristen Aiemjoy, Nicole E Stoller, Sintayehu Gebresillasie, Ayalew Shiferaw, Zerihun Tadesse, Tegene Sewent, Bezuayehu Ayele, Melsew Chanyalew, Solomon Aragie, Kelly Callahan, Aisha Stewart, Paul M Emerson, Thomas M Lietman, Jeremy D Keenan, Catherine E Oldenburg
Latrines are the most basic form of improved sanitation and are a common public health intervention. Understanding motivations for building and using latrines can help develop effective, sustainable latrine promotion programs. We conducted a mixed-methods study of latrine use in the Amhara region of Ethiopia. We held 15 focus group discussions and surveyed 278 households in five communities. We used the Integrated Behavioral Model for Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene interventions to guide our qualitative analysis...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074675/the-emergence-of-an-abstract-grammatical-category-in-children-s-early-speech
#13
Stephan C Meylan, Michael C Frank, Brandon C Roy, Roger Levy
How do children begin to use language to say things they have never heard before? The origins of linguistic productivity have been a subject of heated debate: Whereas generativist accounts posit that children's early language reflects the presence of syntactic abstractions, constructivist approaches instead emphasize gradual generalization derived from frequently heard forms. In the present research, we developed a Bayesian statistical model that measures the degree of abstraction implicit in children's early use of the determiners "a" and "the...
February 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074583/show-code
#14
Daniel Shalev
"Let's get one thing straight: there is no such thing as a show code," my attending asserted, pausing for effect. "You either try to resuscitate, or you don't. None of this halfway junk." He spoke so loudly that the two off-service consultants huddled at computers at the end of the unit looked up… We did four rounds of compressions and pushed epinephrine twice. It was not a long code. We did good, strong compressions and coded this man in earnest until the end. Toward the final round, though, as I stepped up to do compressions, my attending looked at me in a deep way...
January 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073329/the-other-side-of-magic
#15
Vebjørn Ekroll, Bilge Sayim, Johan Wagemans
When magicians perform spectacles that seem to defy the laws of nature, they do so by manipulating psychological reality. Hence, the principles underlying the art of conjuring are potentially of interest to psychological science. Here, we argue that perceptual and cognitive principles governing how humans experience hidden things and reason about them play a central role in many magic tricks. Different from tricks based on many other forms of misdirection, which require considerable skill on the part of the magician, many elements of these tricks are essentially self-working because they rely on automatic perceptual and cognitive processes...
January 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040988/how-will-cancer-survivors-use-survivorship-care-plans
#16
Nicole A Kinnane, Amanda J Piper, Michael Jefford
BACKGROUND: Survivorship care plans (SCPs) are internationally endorsed as an important tool to enhance post-treatment survivorship care. To support broad implementation of SCPs, we investigated survivors' preferences regarding SCPs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted at a comprehensive cancer center. Eligible patients from 10 clinical services, generally up to 12 months following end of treatment (EOT) were approached in clinics or via telephone. A purpose-designed survey assessed survivors' intended use of a SCP and preferences regarding format and content...
December 31, 2016: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997672/caring-for-our-wounded-warriors-a-qualitative-examination-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-caregivers-of-individuals-with-military-related-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Noelle E Carlozzi, Tracey A Brickell, Louis M French, Angelle Sander, Anna L Kratz, David S Tulsky, Nancy D Chiaravalloti, Elizabeth A Hahn, Michael Kallen, Amy M Austin, Jennifer A Miner, Rael T Lange
The purpose of this study was to develop a conceptual framework that captures aspects of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for caregivers of individuals with military-related traumatic brain injury (TBI). We analyzed qualitative data from nine focus groups composed of caregivers of wounded warriors with a medically documented TBI. Focus group participants were recruited through hospital-based and/or community outreach efforts at the Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, the University of Michigan, and Hearts of Valor support groups (Tennessee and Washington)...
2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991605/some-things-must-not-change
#18
Anne Katz
The past three months have been a season of tremendous change, and many of us have been surprised by the political events that have taken place. January heralds a change in administration for the United States, and the future seems uncertain. I sense that change is going to be the new normal, and we have to be able to cope with it-and with each other-for a long time. What I want to talk about is those things that do not change and how we, as nurses and scientists, must remain true to our roots.
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January 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973714/ethics-of-mitochondrial-replacement-techniques-a-habermasian-perspective
#19
César Palacios-González
Jürgen Habermas is regarded as a central bioconservative commentator in the debate on the ethics of human prenatal genetic manipulations. While his main work on this topic, The Future of Human Nature, has been widely examined in regard to his position on prenatal genetic enhancement, his arguments regarding prenatal genetic therapeutic interventions have for the most part been overlooked. In this work I do two things. First, I present the three necessary conditions that Habermas establishes for a prenatal genetic manipulation to be regarded as morally permissible...
January 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968907/occupational-challenges-of-physicians-involved-in-tuberculosis-control-in-china-a-qualitative-study
#20
Shanquan Chen, Hui Zhang, Yan Qu, Yushan Wu, Qian Long, Limei Ran, Qiuji Xue, Kai Chen, Fei Luo, Lan Yao, Lai-Yi Wong, Hong Fung, Manli Chen, Li Xiang
BACKGROUND: Despite its dramatic improvement, China's tuberculosis burden is still high according to the 2015 WHO TB report. Evidence show that experienced physicians do better in reducing delay diagnosis and patient mortality and are more likely to follow the treatment guidelines. However, in China, few studies have focused on physicians specialised in tuberculosis; and these few studies were mainly centred on the prevalence and risk factors among them. We assessed the occupational challenges of these physicians in China...
October 2016: Lancet
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