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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682108/hybrid-operations-in-patients-with-peripheral-arterial-disease
#1
REVIEW
Atsubumi Murakami
In this seminar, I would like to discuss the recent hybrid operations in patients with peripheral arterial diseases. Hybrid is generally defined as combinations of different types of things. In the surgical community, it is loosely defined as therapy combining open surgery (OS) and endovascular therapy (EVT). In practice, combination surgery of diseased inflow vessels by EVT and outflow vessels by OS is a typical example, namely, the combination therapy of thromboendarterectomy (TEA) for common femoral artery and EVT (PTA and stenting) for iliac artery in patients with PAD (ilio-femoral lesions)...
March 25, 2018: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673800/blindness-after-facial-trauma-epidemiology-incidence-and-risk-factors-a-27-year-cohort-study-of-5708-patients
#2
Panagiotis Stathopoulos, Dimosthenis Igoumenakis, Michalis Mezitis, George Rallis
OBJECTIVES: This was a 27-year study of a cohort of 5708 patients who had sustained maxillofacial fractures. Our purpose was to present the etiology, mechanism of trauma, site, and concomitant injuries that led to visual loss. We hypothesize that fractures caused by high-energy impact of the midface may be associated with blindness. A discussion of the treatment approaches is also included. STUDY DESIGN: The study included 5708 patients who had sustained a maxillofacial fracture during the years 1985-2012...
March 23, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671695/are-atypical-things-more-popular
#3
Jonah Berger, Grant Packard
Why do some cultural items become popular? Although some researchers have argued that success is random, we suggest that how similar items are to each other plays an important role. Using natural language processing of thousands of songs, we examined the relationship between lyrical differentiation (i.e., atypicality) and song popularity. Results indicated that the more different a song's lyrics are from its genre, the more popular it becomes. This relationship is weaker in genres where lyrics matter less (e...
April 1, 2018: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668345/prevalence-and-psychosocial-correlates-of-party-drug-use-and-associated-problems-among-university-students-in-the-netherlands
#4
Laura E Kunst, Winifred A Gebhardt
BACKGROUND: Recent developments in drug use patterns call for an investigation of current party-drug use and associated problems among college students, who appear to be an important target population for harm reduction interventions. OBJECTIVES: In addition to reporting on party-drug use prevalence, we investigated whether initial use and continuation of party-drug use among students was associated with demographic, personality and psychosocial factors. METHODS: An online questionnaire was administered to 446 students from a Dutch university, inquiring about party-drug use, demographic characteristics, social norms and personality (big five, impulsiveness, aggression)...
April 18, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658766/-why-do-victims-become-perpetrators-intergenerational-transmission-of-parental-violence-in-a-representative-german-sample
#5
Deborah F Hellmann, Anja Stiller, Christoffer Glaubitz, Sören Kliem
Child maltreatment can severely impair children's emotional and physical well-being as well as their individual development across the life span. In 2011, the Criminological Research Institute of Lower Saxony (Germany), conducted a nationally representative victim survey on diverse forms of victimizations (N = 11,428). Among other things, experienced and exerted parental violence as well as participants' knowledge regarding the abolition of the parental right of corporal punishment were assessed. Apart from providing current estimates of the prevalence of experienced and exerted parental violence in Germany, we identified specific risk markers for the intergenerational transmission of parental violence...
March 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650880/-team-collaboration-in-home-medical-care-to-support-patients-at-the-end-of-life-review-of-service-personnel-meeting-on-discharge-day
#6
Miyoko Ogiwara, Hiromi Irino, Keita Yamaoka, Yoko Fujimaki, Mutsuko Watanabe, Takeshi Yamamoto, Masayoshi Hirohara, Kazuki Kushida
Due to the rising number of patients at the terminal stage or with high dependence on medical care, the cooperation of 2 teams, the hospital discharge support team and the home support team, has become very important. The recent spread of the Internet has enabled both patients and their families who have chosen home care to obtain a wide range of information about home services, as well as diseases, and form a picture of what will happen. However, there are actually many cases in which patients and families find that things are not as they imagined, and they are uneasy and unsure of what to do...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627990/the-daily-digital-practice-as-a-form-of-self-care-using-photography-for-everyday-well-being
#7
Liz Brewster, Andrew M Cox
Interest in the connection between involvement in digital communities and well-being has increased as these communities become more commonplace. Specific models of interaction that affect well-being have emerged; here, we examine one of those models, termed 'digital daily practice'. Digital daily practices involve a commitment to doing one thing - exercise, photography and writing - every day and sharing it online. Participants in these practices agree that they provide an unexpected benefit of improving well-being...
April 1, 2018: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594783/enhanced-molecular-dynamics-methods-applied-to-drug-design-projects
#8
Sonia Ziada, Abdennour Braka, Julien Diharce, Samia Aci-Sèche, Pascal Bonnet
Nobel Laureate Richard P. Feynman stated: "[…] everything that living things do can be understood in terms of jiggling and wiggling of atoms […]." The importance of computer simulations of macromolecules, which use classical mechanics principles to describe atom behavior, is widely acknowledged and nowadays, they are applied in many fields such as material sciences and drug discovery. With the increase of computing power, molecular dynamics simulations can be applied to understand biological mechanisms at realistic timescales...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593761/14-3-3-proteins-in-plant-hormone-signaling-doing-several-things-at-once
#9
REVIEW
Lorenzo Camoni, Sabina Visconti, Patrizia Aducci, Mauro Marra
In this review we highlight the advances achieved in the investigation of the role of 14-3-3 proteins in hormone signaling, biosynthesis, and transport. 14-3-3 proteins are a family of conserved molecules that target a number of protein clients through their ability to recognize well-defined phosphorylated motifs. As a result, they regulate several cellular processes, ranging from metabolism to transport, growth, development, and stress response. High-throughput proteomic data and two-hybrid screen demonstrate that 14-3-3 proteins physically interact with many protein clients involved in the biosynthesis or signaling pathways of the main plant hormones, while increasing functional evidence indicates that 14-3-3-target interactions play pivotal regulatory roles...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590422/veteran-experiences-seeking-non-pharmacologic-approaches-for-pain
#10
Karleen Giannitrapani, Matthew McCaa, Marie Haverfield, Robert D Kerns, Christine Timko, Steven Dobscha, Karl Lorenz
Introduction: Pain is a longstanding and growing concern among US military veterans. Although many individuals rely on medications, a growing body of literature supports the use of complementary non-pharmacologic approaches when treating pain. Our objective is to characterize veteran experiences with and barriers to accessing alternatives to medication (e.g., non-pharmacologic treatments or non-pharmacologic approaches) for pain in primary care. Materials and Methods: Data for this qualitative analysis were collected as part of the Effective Screening for Pain (ESP) study (2012-2017), a national randomized controlled trial of pain screening and assessment methods...
March 26, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578886/development-of-a-novel-bone-conduction-verification-tool-using-a-surface-microphone-validation-with-percutaneous-bone-conduction-users
#11
William Hodgetts, Dylan Scott, Patrick Maas, Lindsey Westover
OBJECTIVES: To determine if a newly-designed, forehead-mounted surface microphone would yield equivalent estimates of audibility when compared to audibility measured with a skull simulator for adult bone conduction users. DESIGN: Data was analyzed using a within subjects, repeated measures design. There were two different sensors (skull simulator and surface microphone) measuring the same hearing aid programmed to the same settings for all subjects. We were looking for equivalent results...
March 23, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554583/ordinary-people-think-free-will-is-a-lack-of-constraint-not-the-presence-of-a-soul
#12
Andrew J Vonasch, Roy F Baumeister, Alfred R Mele
Four experiments supported the hypothesis that ordinary people understand free will as meaning unconstrained choice, not having a soul. People consistently rated free will as being high unless reduced by internal constraints (i.e., things that impaired people's mental abilities to make choices) or external constraints (i.e., situations that hampered people's abilities to choose and act as they desired). Scientific paradigms that have been argued to disprove free will were seen as reducing, but usually not eliminating free will, and the reductions were because of constrained conscious choice...
April 2018: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550721/modeling-social-norms-increasingly-influences-costly-sharing-in-middle-childhood
#13
Bailey R House, Michael Tomasello
Prosocial and normative behavior emerges in early childhood, but substantial changes in prosocial behavior in middle childhood may be due to it becoming integrated with children's understanding of what is normative. Here we show that information about what is normative begins influencing children's costly sharing in middle childhood in a sample of 6- to 11-year-old German children. Information about what is normative was most influential when indicating what was "right" (i.e., "The right thing is to choose this")...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515509/-the-less-i-think-about-it-the-better-i-feel-a-thematic-analysis-of-the-subjective-experience-of-malignant-mesothelioma-patients-and-their-caregivers
#14
Fanny Guglielmucci, Isabella G Franzoi, Michela Bonafede, Francesca V Borgogno, Federica Grosso, Antonella Granieri
Aim: A cancer diagnosis-and in particular a Malignant Mesothelioma (MM) one-breaks the somatopsychic balance of the individual, compromising the quality of residual life and giving rise to many negative emotions difficult to integrate and to elaborate (such as depression, fears, anxieties, hopelessness, guilt, shame, and rage). Several national and international guidelines acknowledged the importance of evaluating psychological and socio-relational features in MM patients and their caregiver. However, only few studies have investigated the subjective experience of MM patients and even less research has focused on the caregivers' experience...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514110/shaping-the-use-of-psychotropic-medicines-in-nursing-homes-a-qualitative-study-on-organisational-culture
#15
Mouna Sawan, Yun-Hee Jeon, Timothy F Chen
Psychotropic medicines have limited efficacy in the management of behavioural and psychological disturbances, yet they are commonly used in nursing homes. Organisational culture is an important consideration influencing use of psychotropic medicines. Schein's theory elucidates that organisational culture is underpinned by basic assumptions, which are the taken for granted beliefs driving organisational members' behaviour and practices. By exploring the basic assumptions of culture we are able to find explanations for why psychotropic medicines are prescribed contrary to standards...
February 15, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504796/how-you-behave-in-school-predicts-life-success-above-and-beyond-family-background-broad-traits-and-cognitive-ability
#16
Marion Spengler, Rodica Ioana Damian, Brent W Roberts
In this study, we investigated the role of student characteristics and behaviors in a longitudinal study over a 50-year timespan (using a large U.S. representative sample of high school students). We addressed the question of whether behaviors in school have any long-lasting effects for one's later life. Specifically, we investigated the role of being a responsible student, interest in school, writing skills, and reading skills in predicting educational attainment, occupational prestige, and income 11 years (N = 81,912) and 50 years (N = 1,952) after high school...
April 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497357/inter-subject-registration-of-functional-images-do-we-need-anatomical-images
#17
Elvis Dohmatob, Gael Varoquaux, Bertrand Thirion
In Echo-Planar Imaging (EPI)-based Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), inter-subject registration typically uses the subject's T1-weighted (T1w) anatomical image to learn deformations of the subject's brain onto a template. The estimated deformation fields are then applied to the subject's EPI scans (functional or diffusion-weighted images) to warp the latter to a template space. Historically, such indirect T1w-based registration was motivated by the lack of clear anatomical details in low-resolution EPI images: a direct registration of the EPI scans to template space would be futile...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468570/quality-improvement-in-health-care-the-role-of-psychologists-and-psychology
#18
Liza Bonin
Quality Improvement (QI) is a health care interprofessional team activity wherein psychology as a field and individual psychologists in health care settings can and should adopt a more robust presence. The current article makes the argument for why psychology's participation in QI is good for health care, is good for our profession, and is the right thing to do for the patients and families we serve. It reviews the varied ways individual psychologists and our profession can integrate quality processes and improve health care through: (1) our approach to our daily work; (2) our roles on health care teams and involvement in organizational initiatives; (3) opportunities for teaching and scholarship; and (4) system redesign and advocacy within our health care organizations and health care environment...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464771/materialities-of-mundane-care-and-the-art-of-holding-one-s-own
#19
Julie Brownlie, Helen Spandler
The focus of this special issue is on how everyday or mundane materialities actively mediate health and care practices. This article extends this concern with the mundane to care itself and explores how specific materialities, such as shared spaces and everyday objects, not only mediate mundane care but enable it to happen. Our focus is on mundane help in the context of ill health, between people who are not immediate family, such as neighbours, acquaintances and others with whom we interact in our daily lives...
February 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462835/controlling-the-type-i-error-rate-in-two-stage-sequential-adaptive-designs-when-testing-for-average-bioequivalence
#20
Willi Maurer, Byron Jones, Ying Chen
In a 2×2 crossover trial for establishing average bioequivalence (ABE) of a generic agent and a currently marketed drug, the recommended approach to hypothesis testing is the two one-sided test (TOST) procedure, which depends, among other things, on the estimated within-subject variability. The power of this procedure, and therefore the sample size required to achieve a minimum power, depends on having a good estimate of this variability. When there is uncertainty, it is advisable to plan the design in two stages, with an interim sample size reestimation after the first stage, using an interim estimate of the within-subject variability...
February 20, 2018: Statistics in Medicine
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