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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914845/does-magnetic-resonance-imaging-appearance-of-supraspinatus-muscle-atrophy-change-after-repairing-rotator-cuff-tears
#1
Sang-Hoon Lhee, Anant Kumar Singh, Do Young Lee
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to determine whether supraspinatus muscle atrophy appearance changes after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair and to quantify the change in appearance on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), if any, based on age and tendon retraction. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair and considered only 209 patients who had both preoperative and immediate postoperative MRI. Patients were grouped by age <60 years and >60 years...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909029/do-we-need-to-design-course-based-undergraduate-research-experiences-for-authenticity
#2
Susan Rowland, Rhianna Pedwell, Gwen Lawrie, Joseph Lovie-Toon, Yu Hung
The recent push for more authentic teaching and learning in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics indicates a shared agreement that undergraduates require greater exposure to professional practices. There is considerable variation, however, in how "authentic" science education is defined. In this paper we present our definition of authenticity as it applies to an "authentic" large-scale undergraduate research experience (ALURE); we also look to the literature and the student voice for alternate perceptions around this concept...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906509/principles-of-brain-development
#3
REVIEW
Joan Stiles
Throughout much of the 20th century, the major models of brain development were strongly deterministic. It was thought that brain development proceeds via a prescribed blueprint that is somehow innately specified in the organism. Contemporary models present a distinctly different view of both inheritance and brain development. First, we do not inherit blueprints or plans, we inherit genes and the cellular machinery for expressing them. Genes carry essential information for creating proteins, but do not determine biological processes or developmental outcomes; the first cells contain the elements necessary for creating proteins based on the information coded in the nucleotide sequences of genes...
December 1, 2016: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905083/who-should-decide-how-machines-make-morally-laden-decisions
#4
Dominic Martin
Who should decide how a machine will decide what to do when it is driving a car, performing a medical procedure, or, more generally, when it is facing any kind of morally laden decision? More and more, machines are making complex decisions with a considerable level of autonomy. We should be much more preoccupied by this problem than we currently are. After a series of preliminary remarks, this paper will go over four possible answers to the question raised above. First, we may claim that it is the maker of a machine that gets to decide how it will behave in morally laden scenarios...
November 30, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901442/a-broader-understanding-of-moral-distress
#5
Stephen M Campbell, Connie M Ulrich, Christine Grady
On the traditional view, moral distress arises only in cases where an individual believes she knows the morally right thing to do but fails to perform that action due to various constraints. We seek to motivate a broader understanding of moral distress. We begin by presenting six types of distress that fall outside the bounds of the traditional definition and explaining why they should be recognized as forms of moral distress. We then propose and defend a new and more expansive definition of moral distress and examine how it can enable the development of a taxonomy of moral distress...
December 2016: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893240/is-recovery-possible-outside-the-financial-mainstream
#6
Judith A Cook, Kim T Mueser
As psychiatric rehabilitation practitioners, we have solid evidence that our field's services are effective in helping people become employed, participate in social and civic life, avoid restrictive and coercive psychiatric treatment, and thrive in stable and secure community residences. Yet, hundreds of thousands of people with psychiatric disabilities do not do these things. So we must ask ourselves, to what extent is this due to their location outside the financial mainstream, and if it is, what we can do as a field to address poverty among those we serve? This editorial addresses this question: Is recovery possible outside of the financial mainstream? (PsycINFO Database Record...
December 2016: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891571/high-risk-medications-in-hospitalized-elderly-adults-are-we-making-it-easy-to-do-the-wrong-thing
#7
Nina L Blachman, Rosanne M Leipzig, Madhu Mazumdar, Jashvant Poeran
OBJECTIVES: To examine dosages of high-risk medications administered to elderly adults who fall in the hospital and to determine whether electronic default doses are appropriate for elderly adults. DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING: Large urban academic hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 65 and older experiencing a fall. MEASUREMENTS: Prescribed daily dosages and use of high-risk medications (opiates, benzodiazepines, benzodiazepine-receptor agonists (BRAs), sleep medications, muscle relaxants, antipsychotics) administered within 24 hours before a fall were ascertained and compared with published recommended dosages for older adults and the hospital's electronic medical record (EMR) default doses for these drugs...
November 28, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867365/gender-agreement-attraction-in-russian-production-and-comprehension-evidence
#8
Natalia Slioussar, Anton Malko
Agreement attraction errors (such as the number error in the example "The key to the cabinets are rusty") have been the object of many studies in the last 20 years. So far, almost all production experiments and all comprehension experiments looked at binary features (primarily at number in Germanic, Romance, and some other languages, in several cases at gender in Romance languages). Among other things, it was noted that both in production and in comprehension, attraction effects are much stronger for some feature combinations than for the others: they can be observed in the sentences with singular heads and plural dependent nouns (e...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786461/painting-with-rainbows-patterning-light-in-space-time-and-wavelength-for-multiphoton-optogenetic-sensing-and-control
#9
Daan Brinks, Yoav Adam, Simon Kheifets, Adam E Cohen
Photons are a fascinating reagent, flowing and reacting quite differently compared to more massive and less ephemeral particles of matter. The optogenetic palette comprises an ever growing set of light-responsive proteins, which open the possibility of using light to perturb and to measure biological processes with great precision in space and time. Yet there are limits on what light can achieve. Diffraction limits the smallest features, and scattering in tissue limits the largest. Photobleaching, diffusion of photogenerated products, and optical crosstalk between overlapping absorption spectra further muddy the optogenetic picture, particularly when one wants to use multiple optogenetic tools simultaneously...
October 27, 2016: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778303/will-the-conscious-subconscious-pacing-quagmire-help-elucidate-the-mechanisms-of-self-paced-exercise-new-opportunities-in-dual-process-theory-and-process-tracing-methods
#10
Dominic Micklewright, Sue Kegerreis, John Raglin, Florentina Hettinga
The extent to which athletic pacing decisions are made consciously or subconsciously is a prevailing issue. In this article we discuss why the one-dimensional conscious-subconscious debate that has reigned in the pacing literature has suppressed our understanding of the multidimensional processes that occur in pacing decisions. How do we make our decisions in real-life competitive situations? What information do we use and how do we respond to opponents? These are questions that need to be explored and better understood, using smartly designed experiments...
October 25, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767390/exceptionalist-naturalism-human-agency-and-the-causal-order
#11
John Turri
This paper addresses a fundamental question in folk metaphysics: how do we ordinarily view human agency? According to the transcendence account, we view human agency as standing outside of the causal order and imbued with exceptional powers. According to a naturalistic account, we view human agency as subject to the same physical laws as other objects and completely open to scientific investigation. According to exceptionalist naturalism, the truth lies somewhere in between: we view human agency as fitting broadly within the causal order while still being exceptional in important respects...
October 21, 2016: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760930/-screening-for-pain-in-cancer-patients
#12
Motohiro Matoba
The newly revised 2014 Set of Standards for"Designated Cancer Care Hospitals"mandated the screening of all cancer patients6 for their physical and psychological suffering systematically in both outpatient and inpatient settings as well as rapid response to the suffering detected. It is a step forward as a cancer control policy, but because the pain associated with cancer changes by time depending on factors such as disease progression and treatment, it must be evaluated repeatedly. Simply complying with the standard by measuring once, say on admission or at the initial visit, will not help patients...
October 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752340/screening-for-depression-in-primary-care-a-rasch-analysis-of-the-phq-9
#13
Mike Horton, Amanda E Perry
Aims and method To explore the modern psychometric properties of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), we used the Rasch analysis in a sample of 767 primary care patients with depression. Results The analysis highlighted dependency issues between items 1 and 2 ('Little interest or pleasure in doing things' and 'Feeling down, depressed, or hopeless'), and items 3 and 4 ('Trouble falling or staying asleep, or sleeping too much' and 'Feeling tired or having little energy'). Items 1 and 2 displayed an over-discrimination, suggesting their potential redundancy within the complete item set...
October 2016: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741404/the-language-of-life
#14
Ann C Palmenberg
Science is our best current approximation of the way things work. You cannot do science unless you believe there is a discernable truth inherent to the arrangement of our tangible world. The problem is, we in our given time never know where exactly the asymptote lies or how far we are from it. My curiosity about the natural world is innate, but fate has variously gifted me with outstanding personal opportunities to indulge that curiosity through the study of viruses. To a woman of the boomer generation, professional paths were not always open-door, and to a certain extent they still aren't...
September 29, 2016: Annual Review of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738065/death-after-ablation-of-atrial-flutter-are-we-doing-the-right-thing
#15
Serge A Trines
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729684/advancements-in-adherence-monitoring
#16
EDITORIAL
Brent I Fox, Bill G Felkey
Some things really never change. For example, medication adherence remains a critical factor that influences the effectiveness of our modern health care system. Is there a magic bullet to solve the problem of nonadherence? We don't think there is. We do believe, however, that tools to monitor adherence continue to improve in their utility.
November 2015: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722070/sunt-verba-rerum-the-pragmatic-life-of-words
#17
Jacob L Mey
Pragmatics is not about language as such, viewed in isolation, but about words as they are being used. And words are never things, pure objects; words have their history and lives: their story is the story of their users. Pragmatic thinking focuses not just on what 'is' there (the 'essentialist' method of linguistics), but on how what 'is' there, 'got' there, and what it 'does' there, in a 'functionalist' approach, characteristic of pragmatics. Such a functional approach relies heavily on the processes that are material in creating the conditions for words to be used in a particular way: both those processes we normally call 'historical' (the history of what has been) and those that are characteristic for what happens in our own times: the pragmatic life of words...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27700969/what-gets-in-the-way-of-person-centred-care-for-people-with-multimorbidity-lessons-from-ontario-canada
#18
Kerry Kuluski, Allie Peckham, A Paul Williams, Ross E G Upshur
Person-centred care is becoming a key component of quality in health systems worldwide. Although the term can mean different things, it typically entails paying attention to the needs and background of health system users, involving them in decisions that affect their health, assessing their care goals and implementing a coordinated plan of care that aligns with their unique circumstances. The importance of practising a person-centred approach in care delivery dominates policy and research rhetoric worldwide, yet competing goals set by policy planners to save money, eliminate waste and sustain the healthcare system challenge the implementation of such an approach...
2016: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696489/5th-european-nursing-congress-4-7-october-2016-rotterdam-the-netherlands-caring-for-older-people-how-can-we-do-the-right-things-right-guest-editors-johan-lambregts-cuno-van-merwijk-bert-de-groot
#19
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677896/when-the-spirit-is-willing-but-the-flesh-is-weak-developmental-differences-in-judgments-about-inner-moral-conflict
#20
Christina Starmans, Paul Bloom
Sometimes it is easy to do the right thing. But often, people act morally only after overcoming competing immoral desires. How does learning about someone's inner moral conflict influence children's and adults' moral judgments about that person? Across four studies, we discovered a striking developmental difference: When the outcome is held constant, 3- to 8-year-old children judge someone who does the right thing without experiencing immoral desires to be morally superior to someone who does the right thing through overcoming conflicting desires-but adults have the opposite intuition...
September 27, 2016: Psychological Science
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