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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922230/consensus-statement-on-diagnosis-treatment-and-follow-up-of-cow-s-milk-protein-allergy-among-infants-and-children-in-turkey
#1
Aydan Kansu, Aysel Yüce, Buket Dalgıç, Bülent Enis Şekerel, Fügen Çullu-Çokuğraş, Haluk Çokuğraş
The present paper aims to provide experts' consensus on diagnosis and management of cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) among infants and children in Turkey, based on review of available evidence-based guidelines, publications and experts' clinical experience. The experts agreed that CMPA diagnosis should be based on symptomatic evaluation and diagnostic elimination diet as followed by implementation of an open challenge test after disappearance of symptoms and confirmation of CMPA diagnosis in re-appearance of symptoms...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921401/effects-of-soybean-isoflavone-on-intestinal-antioxidant-capacity-and-cytokines-in-young-piglets-fed-oxidized-fish-oil
#2
Lin Huang, Xian-Yong Ma, Zong-Yong Jiang, You-Jun Hu, Chun-Tian Zheng, Xue-Fen Yang, Li Wang, Kai-Guo Gao
To investigate the effect of glycitein, a synthetic soybean isoflavone (ISF), on the intestinal antioxidant capacity, morphology, and cytokine content in young piglets fed oxidized fish oil, 72 4-d-old male piglets were assigned to three treatments. The control group was fed a basal diet containing fresh fish oil, and the other two groups received the same diet except for the substitution with the same dosage of oxidized fish oil alone or with ISF (oxidized fish oil plus ISF). After 21 d of feeding, supplementation of oxidized fish oil increased the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), oxidized glutathione (GSSG), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-2 (IL-2), nuclear factor κ B (NF-κB), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), NO, and Caspase-3 in jejunal mucosa, and decreased the villous height in duodenum and the levels of secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) and IL-4 in the jejunal mucosa compared with supplementation with fresh oil...
2016: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921358/low-methoxyl-lemon-pectin-attenuates-inflammatory-responses-and-improves-intestinal-barrier-integrity-in-caerulein-induced-experimental-acute-pancreatitis
#3
Yajun Sun, Yue He, Fei Wang, Hao Zhang, Paul de Vos, Jia Sun
SCOPE: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common clinical acute abdominal disease. The intestinal injury associated with AP will aggravate the condition retroactively. This study investigates whether the low-methoxyl pectin (LMP) isolated from lemon could attenuate AP and associated intestinal injury. METHODS AND RESULTS: Experimental AP was induced in BALB/c mice by caerulien (CAE) hyperstimulation. Nutritional prophylactic group was pre-fed with 5% LMP supplemented forage three days before AP induction...
December 6, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920819/co-administration-of-metformin-and-n-acetylcysteine-with-dietary-control-improves-the-biochemical-and-histological-manifestations-in-rats-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver
#4
Naglaa Mohamed El-Lakkany, Sayed Hassan Seif El-Din, Abdel-Nasser Abdel-Aal Sabra, Olfat Ali Hammam, Fatma Abdel-Latif Ebeid
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a burgeoning health problem that affects 1/3 of the adult population and an increasing number of children in developed countries. Oxidative stress and insulin resistance are the mechanisms that seem to be mostly involved in its pathogenesis. This study was conceived in a NAFLD rat model to evaluate the efficacy of both metformin (MTF) and N-acetylcysteine (NAC) with dietary control on biochemical and histologic liver manifestations. Rats were classified into nine groups; normal (I), NAFLD-induced by feeding high-fat diet (HFD; II) for 12 weeks, NAFLD switched to regular diet (RD; III), NAFLD-HFD or -RD treated with MTF in a dose of 150 mg/kg (IV, V), NAC in a dose of 500 mg/kg (VI, VII) or MTF+NAC (VIII, IX) respectively for 8 weeks...
October 2016: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920508/impact-of-whole-body-electromyostimulation-on-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-older-women-with-sarcopenic-obesity-the-randomized-controlled-formosa-sarcopenic-obesity-study
#5
Katharina Wittmann, Cornel Sieber, Simon von Stengel, Matthias Kohl, Ellen Freiberger, Franz Jakob, Michael Lell, Klaus Engelke, Wolfgang Kemmler
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenic obesity (SO) is characterized by a combination of low muscle and high fat mass with an additive negative effect of both conditions on cardiometabolic risk. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of whole-body electromyostimulation (WB-EMS) on the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in community-dwelling women aged ≥70 years with SO. METHODS: The study was conducted in an ambulatory university setting. Seventy-five community-dwelling women aged ≥70 years with SO living in Northern Bavaria, Germany, were randomly allocated to either 6 months of WB-EMS application with (WB-EMS&P) or without (WB-EMS) dietary supplementation (150 kcal/day, 56% protein) or a non-training control group (CG)...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920195/efficacy-of-1-3-diacylglycerol-as-a-fat-emulsifier-in-low-density-diet-for-broilers
#6
S D Upadhaya, J W Park, J H Park, I H Kim
An experiment was conducted to study the effects of dietary supplementation of 1,3-diacylglycerol (DAG) as an emulsifier in a low-density diet on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood characteristics, and meat quality in broilers. A total of 480 1-day-old male 308 Ross broiler chicks were randomly allocated into 1 of the following 5 treatments: Control, fed a basal diet (CON), basal diet minus 100 kcal ME diet (LE), T1 (LE + 0.075% 1,3-DAG), T2 (LE + 0.10% 1,3-DAG), and T3 (LE + 0.15% 1,3-DAG)...
December 5, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919757/dietary-administration-of-bacillus-subtilis-hainup40-enhances-growth-digestive-enzyme-activities-innate-immune-responses-and-disease-resistance-of-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus
#7
Haitian Liu, Shifeng Wang, Yan Cai, Xiaohui Guo, Zhenjie Cao, Yongzheng Zhang, Shubin Liu, Wei Yuan, Weiwei Zhu, Yu Zheng, Zhenyu Xie, Weiliang Guo, Yongcan Zhou
The probiotic properties of Bacillus subtilis HAINUP40 isolated from the aquatic environment, and the effects of dietary administration of B. subtilis HAINUP40 on the growth performance, intestinal probiotic recovery, digestive enzyme activities, innate immunity and disease resistance of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) were evaluated. The probiotic properties investigated include tolerance to simulated gastrointestinal stress, auto-aggregation, cell surface hydrophobicity and extracellular enzyme production...
December 2, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918411/potential-of-lactobacillus-plantarum-ccfm639-in-protecting-against-aluminum-toxicity-mediated-by-intestinal-barrier-function-and-oxidative-stress
#8
Leilei Yu, Qixiao Zhai, Fengwei Tian, Xiaoming Liu, Gang Wang, Jianxin Zhao, Hao Zhang, Arjan Narbad, Wei Chen
Aluminum (Al) is a ubiquitous metal that can seriously harm the health of animals and humans. In our previous study, we demonstrated that Lactobacillus plantarum CCFM639 can decrease Al burden in the tissues of mice by inhibiting intestinal Al absorption. The main aim of the present research was to investigate whether the protection by the strain is also associated with enhancement of the intestinal barrier, alleviation of oxidative stress and modulation of the inflammatory response. In an in vitro cell model, two protection modes (intervention and therapy) were examined and the results indicated that L...
December 2, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918205/dietary-inclusion-of-different-multi-strain-complex-probiotics-on-performance-in-broilers
#9
B Balamuralikrishnan, S I Lee, I H Kim
1. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of two different complex probiotic supplementations on the growth performance, meat quality, excreta microflora, nutrient retention, blood metabolic profile and noxious gas emissions in broilers. 2. A total of 612 conventional healthy 1-d-old Ross 308 broilers with body weight of 41 ± 0.3 g were randomly divided into 3 treatments with 12 replicate cages, with 17 broilers in each cage and fed with the following diets: CON-Basal diet, T1-CON + Probiotic A, T2-CON + Probiotic B...
December 5, 2016: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917321/effects-of-arachidonic-acid-supplementation-in-maturation-diet-on-female-reproductive-performance-and-larval-quality-of-giant-river-prawn-macrobrachium-rosenbergii
#10
Chanpim Kangpanich, Jarunan Pratoomyot, Nisa Siranonthana, Wansuk Senanan
The giant river prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) is one of the most farmed freshwater crustaceans in the world. Its global production has been stalling in the past decade due to the inconsistent quality of broodstock and hatchery-produced seeds. A better understanding of the role of nutrition in maturation diets will help overcome some of the production challenges. Arachidonic acid (20:4 n-6, ARA) is a fatty acid precursor of signaling molecules important for crustacean reproduction, prostaglandins E and F of the series II (PGE2 and PGF2α), and is often lacking in maturation diets of shrimp and prawns...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917270/effect-of-creatine-supplementation-on-cognitive-performance-and-apoptosis-in-a-rat-model-of-amyloid-beta-induced-alzheimer-s-disease
#11
Malek Alimohammadi-Kamalabadi, Mohammadreza Eshraghian, Mohammad-Reza Zarindast, Abbas Aliaghaei, Hamideh Pishva
OBJECTIVES: Neuroprotective effect of creatine (Cr) against β-amyloid (Aβ) is reported in an in vitro study. This study investigated the effect of Cr supplementation on β-amyloid toxicity in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty two, male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups. During ten weeks of study, control group went through no surgical or dietary intervention. At the 4th week of study Sham group had a hippocampal normal saline injection, while Aβ and AβCr groups had an β-amyloid injection in the hippocampus...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916873/the-effect-of-low-dose-iron-and-zinc-intake-on-child-micronutrient-status-and-development-during-the-first-1000-days-of-life-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Nicolai Petry, Ibironke Olofin, Erick Boy, Moira Donahue Angel, Fabian Rohner
Adequate supply of micronutrients during the first 1000 days is essential for normal development and healthy life. We aimed to investigate if interventions administering dietary doses up to the recommended nutrient intake (RNI) of iron and zinc within the window from conception to age 2 years have the potential to influence nutritional status and development of children. To address this objective, a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized and quasi-randomized fortification, biofortification, and supplementation trials in women (pregnant and lactating) and children (6-23 months) delivering iron or zinc in doses up to the recommended nutrient intake (RNI) levels was conducted...
November 30, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916863/lipid-composition-of-oil-extracted-from-wasted-norway-lobster-nephrops-norvegicus-heads-and-comparison-with-oil-extracted-from-antarctic-krill-euphasia-superba
#13
Amaya Albalat, Lauren E Nadler, Nicholas Foo, James R Dick, Andrew J R Watts, Heather Philp, Douglas M Neil, Oscar Monroig
In the UK, the Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus) supports its most important shellfish fishery. Nephrops are sold either whole, or as "tails-only" for the scampi trade. In the "tailing" process, the "head" (cephalothorax) is discarded as waste. A smaller crustacean species, the Antarctic krill Euphasia superba, represents an economically valuable industry, as its extractable oil is sold as a human dietary supplement. The aim of this study was to determine the amount and composition of the oil contained in discarded Nephrops heads and to compare its composition to the oil extracted from krill...
December 1, 2016: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916799/pre-sleep-protein-ingestion-to-improve-the-skeletal-muscle-adaptive-response-to-exercise-training
#14
REVIEW
Jorn Trommelen, Luc J C van Loon
Protein ingestion following resistance-type exercise stimulates muscle protein synthesis rates, and enhances the skeletal muscle adaptive response to prolonged resistance-type exercise training. As the adaptive response to a single bout of resistance exercise extends well beyond the first couple of hours of post-exercise recovery, recent studies have begun to investigate the impact of the timing and distribution of protein ingestion during more prolonged recovery periods. Recent work has shown that overnight muscle protein synthesis rates are restricted by the level of amino acid availability...
November 28, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916788/effects-of-dietary-oregano-essential-oil-and-vitamin-e-supplementation-on-meat-quality-stress-response-and-intestinal-morphology-in-pigs-following-transport-stress
#15
Yi Zou, Xiao Ming Hu, Ting Zhang, Hong Kui Wei, Yuan Fei Zhou, Zhong Xin Zhou, Jian Peng
This study investigates the effects of dietary oregano essential oil (OEO) and vitamin E (Vit E) supplementation on meat quality, stress response and intestinal morphology in pigs following transport stress. A total of 288 finishing pigs were randomly assigned to three groups: a basal diet or a basal diet supplemented either with 200 mg/kg Vit E or 25 mg/kg OEO. After a 28-day feeding trial, total of 132 finishing pigs according diet and transport stress were assigned to one of four treatment groups: 1) control treatment without transport stress (Control group), 2) control treatment with 5-hr transport stress (Negative group), 3) Vit E treatment with 5-hr transport stress and 4) OEO treatment with 5-hr transport stress...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914996/long-term-organic-selenium-supplementation-overcomes-the-trade-off-between-immune-and-antioxidant-systems-in-pacu-piaractus-mesopotamicus
#16
Leonardo Susumu Takahashi, Jaqueline Dalbello Biller-Takahashi, Cleber Fernando Menegasso Mansano, Elisabeth Criscuolo Urbinati, Rodrigo Yukihiro Gimbo, Marcos Vinícius Saita
Selenium (Se) is an essential nutrient for antioxidant defenses in fish because of its role in preventing immunosuppression caused by oxidative stress. In this study it was demonstrated the relation between the oxidative stress and immune status after a long Se supplementation period, as a result of the evaluation of immunological, hematological and antioxidant responses, as well as growth performance of pacu fed diets supplemented with different concentrations of organic selenium (0, 0.3, 0.6, 0.9, and 1.8 mg Se-yeast/kg, but the final analyzed selenium concentrations were 0...
November 30, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914500/effect-of-l-arginine-asymmetric-dimethylarginine-and-symmetric-dimethylarginine-on-ischemic-heart-disease-risk-a-mendelian-randomization-study
#17
Shiu Lun Au Yeung, Shi Lin Lin, Hung San Hugh Simon Lam, Catherine Mary Schooling
BACKGROUND: l-arginine is a commonly consumed dietary conditional essential amino acid found in food items and supplements, which is closely related to asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA). l-arginine is thought to increase nitric oxide and be cardioprotective, whereas ADMA and SDMA may inhibit nitric oxide synthesis and increase cardiovascular disease risk. Unexpectedly, l-arginine increased mortality in a small trial. To clarify the effects of these potential targets of intervention, we assessed the risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD) by genetically determined l-arginine, ADMA, and SDMA...
December 2016: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913821/theobromine-upregulates-osteogenesis-by-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-vitro-and-accelerates-bone-development-in-rats
#18
Bret H Clough, Joni Ylostalo, Elizabeth Browder, Eoin P McNeill, Thomas J Bartosh, H Ralph Rawls, Tetsuo Nakamoto, Carl A Gregory
Theobromine (THB) is one of the major xanthine-like alkaloids found in cacao plant and a variety of other foodstuffs such as tea leaves, guarana and cola nuts. Historically, THB and its derivatives have been utilized to treat cardiac and circulatory disorders, drug-induced nephrotoxicity, proteinuria and as an immune-modulator. Our previous work demonstrated that THB has the capacity to improve the formation of hydroxyl-apatite during tooth development, suggesting that it may also enhance skeletal development...
December 2, 2016: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912939/dietary-supplementation-is-more-prevalent-among-adults-with-arthritis-in-the-united-states-population
#19
Patrick B Wilson
OBJECTIVES: Sparse data are available to describe the prevalence of dietary supplementation among individuals with arthritis. Using a nationally representative sample, this investigation assessed the prevalence of dietary supplement use among Americans self-reporting arthritis. SETTING AND DESIGN: Data from 4606 participants of the 2011-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed, including from 1170 participants self-reporting arthritis...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912750/fermented-barley-and-soybean-bs-mixture-enhances-intestinal-barrier-function-in-dextran-sulfate-sodium-dss-induced-colitis-mouse-model
#20
Jong Kyu Woo, Seungho Choi, Ju-Hee Kang, Dae Eung Kim, Byung-Serk Hurh, Jong-Eun Jeon, Sun Yeou Kim, Seung Hyun Oh
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by chronic or relapsing immune system activation and inflammation within the gastrointestinal tract. The lack of safety and efficacy of standard therapies, the use of food supplements for managing IBD is increasing, and many studies have reported that various food supplements provide many beneficial effects for the IBD. METHODS: This study aimed to evaluate the anti-colitis effects of dietary supplementation with a fermented barley and soybean mixture (BS) on intestinal inflammation using a murine model of IBD...
December 3, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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