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Sports Nutritional Sciences

Taniya S Nagpal, Harry Prapavessis, Christina Campbell, Michelle F Mottola
To identify adherence required to achieve target health outcome(s) in nutrition and/or exercise interventions, a measurement tool that tracks objective and self-reported measures of adherence is necessary. The purpose of this study was to design an adherence measurement tool and test it retrospectively on the Nutrition and Exercise Lifestyle Intervention Program (NELIP; Ruchat et al., Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 44(8), 1419-1426, 2012; Mottola et al., Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 42(2), 265-272, 2010), designed to prevent excessive gestational weight gain (EGWG)...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Stephanie Lewis, Victoria Baxter, Kim Spaccarotella, Walter Andzel
Previous research suggests that chocolate milk may be a beneficial recovery beverage, yet little is known about how athletes and students training for careers in sports science or health-related fields interpret recommended recovery beverage serving sizes. This study examined college students' ability to correctly apply serving size recommendations for chocolate milk and protein powder used during post-exercise recovery and assessed usual consumption of milk as a recovery beverage. College students (34 women, 39 men) poured the amount of chocolate milk they would consume within 90 minutes after exercise unaided and with the use of a serving size guide...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
Stephan C Bischoff, Yves Boirie, Tommy Cederholm, Michael Chourdakis, Cristina Cuerda, Nathalie M Delzenne, Nicolaas E Deutz, Denis Fouque, Laurence Genton, Carmen Gil, Berthold Koletzko, Miguel Leon-Sanz, Raanan Shamir, Joelle Singer, Pierre Singer, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop, Anders Thorell, Arved Weimann, Rocco Barazzoni
Overnutrition and sedentary lifestyle result in overweight or obesity defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. According to the WHO, the worldwide prevalence of obesity nearly doubled between 1980 and 2008. In 2008, over 50% of both men and women in the WHO European Region were overweight, and approximately 23% of women and 20% of men were obese. Comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic approaches should include nutritional treatment to favor the best metabolic and nutritional outcome, as well as to induce potential disease-specific benefits from selected nutritional regimens...
November 16, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Monika Uys, Susan Bassett, Catherine E Draper, Lisa Micklesfield, Andries Monyeki, Anniza de Villiers, Estelle V Lambert
BACKGROUND: We present results of the 2016 Healthy Active Kids South Africa (HAKSA) Report Card on the current status of physical activity (PA) and nutrition in South African youth. The context in which we interpret the findings is that participation in PA is a fundamental human right, along with the right to "attainment of the highest standard of health." METHODS: The HAKSA 2016 Writing Group was comprised of 33 authorities in physical education, exercise science, nutrition, public health, and journalism...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Gina L Trakman, Adrienne Forsyth, Brooke L Devlin, Regina Belski
CONTEXT: Nutrition knowledge can influence dietary choices and impact on athletic performance. Valid and reliable measures are needed to assess the nutrition knowledge of athletes and coaches. OBJECTIVES: (1) To systematically review the published literature on nutrition knowledge of adult athletes and coaches and (2) to assess the quality of measures used to assess nutrition knowledge. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, CINAHL, SPORTDiscuss, Web of Science, and SCOPUS...
September 16, 2016: Nutrients
Łukasz Kryst, Agnieszka Woronkowicz, Małgorzata Kowal, Jan Sobiecki
OBJECTIVES: The size and proportions of the human body change continuously in response to social change and economic development. As reported by papers on intergenerational changes in chest size, this part of the human body is also influenced by environmental factors. The aim of this study was to assess changes in the dimensions and proportions of the chest of children and adolescents over a span of 70 years. METHODS: In 2010 an anthropological study was conducted on 3878 children and adolescents aged 3-18 years living in Kraków (Poland)...
September 17, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Ascensión Marcos, Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras
Javier Aranceta-Bartrina1, Ángel Gil2, Ascensión Marcos3, Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo4, Lluis Serra-Majem5 and Gregorio Varela-Moreiras6*1Associate Professor at University of Navarra. Pamplona, Spain. 2Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. University of Granada. Granada, Spain. 3Research Professor at the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC). Madrid, Spain. 4President of Spanish Society of Community Nutrition (SENC). Bilbao, Spain. 5Professor of Preventive Medicine and Public Health. Director of Group of Nutrition...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Ascensión Marcos, Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras
Javier Aranceta-Bartrina1, Ángel Gil2, Ascensión Marcos3, Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo4, Lluis Serra-Majem5 and Gregorio Varela-Moreiras6*1Associate Professor at University of Navarra. Pamplona, Spain. 2Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. University of Granada. Granada, Spain. 3Research Professor at the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC). Madrid, Spain. 4President of Spanish Society of Community Nutrition (SENC). Bilbao, Spain. 5Professor of Preventive Medicine and Public Health. Director of Group of Nutrition...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Nobue Nakahori, Michikazu Sekine, Masaaki Yamada, Takashi Tatsuse
Objectives The numbers of nuclear families and working women have been increasing. Such changes in the home environment may affect children's dietary behaviors, lifestyle factors, and health. This study aims to clarify the associations between the home environment and children's dietary behaviors, lifestyle factors, and health.Methods In July 2014, we questioned the students and parents of five elementary schools that joined the Super Food Education School Project in Takaoka City, Toyama Prefecture. Of 2057 subjects, 1936 (94...
2016: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
Amit Ghosh, Preetam B Mahajan
In last two decades, there has been an evolution in sports medicine. Several researchers have worked on different domains of sports medicine, like strength, endurance, sports injury, and psychology. Besides this, several groups have explored the changes at cellular and molecular levels during exercise, which has led to the development of the new domain in sports science known as genetic medicine. Genetic medicine deals with the genotypic basis of sports phenotype. In this article, we try to provide an up-to-date review on genetic determinants of sports performance, which will be like a journey from the nostalgic past towards the traditional present and the romantic future of sports medicine...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Giordana Veracini, Elisabetta Leonardi, Rita Girotti, Erika Willumsen Thrasher
BACKGROUND: Ready, Steady, Go! promotes proper nutrition and physical activity among people of all ages in targeted neighborhoods and encourages social integration and children's participation in decisions that affect their lives. It also seeks to involve parents in activities so that they can influence their children's attitudes toward lifestyles and personal development. This partnership has reached 70,000 Italian children and adults with new opportunities for physical activities and social experiences that help them improve nutritional behaviors while having fun with their peers...
September 2014: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
Israel Halperin, David B Pyne, David T Martin
Internal validity refers to the degree of control exerted over potential confounding variables to reduce alternative explanations for the effects of various treatments. In exercise and sports-science research and routine testing, internal validity is commonly achieved by controlling variables such as exercise and warm-up protocols, prior training, nutritional intake before testing, ambient temperature, time of testing, hours of sleep, age, and gender. However, a number of other potential confounding variables often do not receive adequate attention in sports physiology and performance research...
October 2015: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Reyhan Nergiz-Unal, Pelin Bilgiç, Nurcan Yabancı
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Studies have indicated that university students majoring in nutrition and dietetics or sport sciences may have more obsessions associated with eating attitudes and body shape perception compared to other disciplines i.e. social sciences. Therefore, this study aimed to assess and compare the risk of eating disorders and body shape perception. MATERIALS/METHODS: Data was collected from 773 undergraduate students at the Departments of Nutrition and Dietetics (NDD) (n = 254), Physical Education and Sports (PESD) (n = 263), and Social Sciences (SOC) (n = 256)...
December 2014: Nutrition Research and Practice
Catherine Draper, Susan Basset, Anniza de Villiers, Estelle V Lambert
BACKGROUND: There is current concern for the health and well-being of children and youth in South Africa, including habits of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior. The 2014 Healthy Active Kids South Africa Report Card evaluates the current activity status of children and youth. METHODS: The Research Working Group was comprised of 23 experts in physical education, nutrition, sport science, public health and journalism. The search was based on a systematic review of peer-reviewed literature (previous 5 years), dissertations, and nonpeer-reviewed reports ('gray' literature) dealing with the PA and nutritional status of South African children and youth 6-18 years of age...
May 2014: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Simona Bo, Rossana Zoccali, Valentina Ponzo, Laura Soldati, Luca De Carli, Andrea Benso, Elisabetta Fea, Alberto Rainoldi, Marilena Durazzo, Secondo Fassino, Giovanni Abbate-Daga
BACKGROUND: Orthorexia and muscle dysmorphia are disorders affecting above all young adults whose prevalence and social impact are still unclear. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of the traits of orthorexia and muscle dysmorphia among freshmen attending university courses focused on nutrition (Dietetics) and body care (Exercise and Sport Sciences). Students of Biology were considered as a control group. The prevalence of eating disorder (ED) traits were also evaluated. METHODS: All participants (n = 440; n = 53 Dietetics school, n = 200 Exercise and Sport Sciences school, n = 187 the Biology school) completed the following questionnaires: ORTO-15, Muscle-Dysmorphic-Disorder-Inventory, and Eating Attitudes Test-26...
2014: Journal of Translational Medicine
Louisa Ming Yan Chung, Queenie Pui Sze Law, Shirley Siu Ming Fong, Joanne Wai Yee Chung
OBJECTIVE: This study's objective was to investigate whether use of an electronic dietary recording system improves nutrition knowledge, eating attitudes and habitual physical activity levels compared to use of a food diary and no self-monitoring. METHODS: Sixty adults aged 20-60 with a body mass index ≥25 were recruited and randomly assigned to one of three groups: a group using an electronic system (EG), a group using a food diary (FD) and a control group using nothing (CG) to record food intake...
August 2014: Eating Behaviors
Helen Dixon, Maree Scully, Bridget Kelly, Robert Donovan, Kathy Chapman, Melanie Wakefield
OBJECTIVE: Assess the effect of counter-advertisements on parents' appraisals of unhealthy foods featuring front-of-package promotions (FOPPs). DESIGN: A 2 × 2 × 5 between-subjects Web-based experiment. Parents were randomly shown an advertisement (counter-advertisement challenging FOPP/control advertisement) and then a pair of food products from the same category: an unhealthy product featuring an FOPP (nutrient content claim/sports celebrity endorsement) and a healthier control product with no FOPP...
November 2014: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Xiong Wang
Ginkgo aglucone flavone is a kind of effective natural antioxidant. Lots of researches show that ginkgo aglucone flavone has various biological activities and it is of great importance to antioxidant, anti-aging, free radial scavenging and immunoregulation. However, researches on effect of ginkgo aglucone flavone to immune function are rare so far. Thus, it is important to go into the effect of ginkgo aglucone flavone to immune function. We can find out more effective measurement that resist immunosuppression through research and provide referable science activity form and suggestion of sports nutrition supplements...
July 2014: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Melinda M Manore, Katie Brown, Linda Houtkooper, John Jakicic, John C Peters, Marianne Smith Edge, Alison Steiber, Scott Going, Lisa Guillermin Gable, Ann Marie Krautheim
UNLABELLED: One of the major challenges facing the United States is the high number of overweight and obese adults and the growing number of overweight and unfit children and youth. To improve the nation's health, young people must move into adulthood without the burden of obesity and its associated chronic diseases. PURPOSE: To address these issues, the American College of Sports Medicine, the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, and the US Department of Agriculture/Agriculture Research Service convened an expert panel meeting in October 2012 titled "Energy Balance at a Crossroads: Translating the Science into Action...
July 2014: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Fiona Pelly, Nanna L Meyer, Jeni Pearce, Sarah J Burkhart, Louise M Burke
The aim of this study was to evaluate the food provision and nutrition support at the London 2012 Olympic (OG) and Paralympic Games (PG) from the perspective of sports nutrition experts attending the event. Participants (n = 15) were asked to complete an online survey and rate on a Likert scale menu qualities, food safety, sustainability practices, nutrition labeling, and provision for cultural needs, dietary regimes and specific situations. Open-ended responses were incorporated to explore expert opinion and areas for improvement...
December 2014: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
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