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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770294/three-dimensional-modelling-and-three-dimensional-printing-in-pediatric-and-congenital-cardiac-surgery
#1
REVIEW
Laszlo Kiraly
Three-dimensional (3D) modelling and printing methods greatly support advances in individualized medicine and surgery. In pediatric and congenital cardiac surgery, personalized imaging and 3D modelling presents with a range of advantages, e.g., better understanding of complex anatomy, interactivity and hands-on approach, possibility for preoperative surgical planning and virtual surgery, ability to assess expected results, and improved communication within the multidisciplinary team and with patients. 3D virtual and printed models often add important new anatomical findings and prompt alternative operative scenarios...
April 2018: Translational Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760840/clinical-ultrasound-is-safe-and-highly-specific-for-acute-appendicitis-in-moderate-to-high-pre-test-probability-patients
#2
Daniel Corson-Knowles, Frances M Russell
Introduction: Clinical ultrasound (CUS) is highly specific for the diagnosis of acute appendicitis but is operator-dependent. The goal of this study was to determine if a heterogeneous group of emergency physicians (EP) could diagnose acute appendicitis on CUS in patients with a moderate to high pre-test probability. Methods: This was a prospective, observational study of a convenience sample of adult and pediatric patients with suspected appendicitis. Sonographers received a structured, 20-minute CUS training on appendicitis prior to patient enrollment...
May 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755507/computational-protein-phenotype-characterization-of-il10ra-mutations-causative-to-early-onset-inflammatory-bowel-disease-ibd
#3
Fahad A Al-Abbasi, Kaleemuddin Mohammed, Saida Sadath, Babajan Banaganapalli, Khalidah Nasser, Noor A Shaik
The deleterious amino acid substitution mutations in IL-10 receptor alpha gene are most frequently reported in several autoimmune diseases including early onset-inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Despite the important role of IL-10 RA in maintaining immune homeostasis, the specific structural and functional implications of these mutations on protein phenotype, stability, ligand binding and post translational characteristics is not well explored. Therefore, this study performed the multidimensional computational analysis of IL10RA missense variations causative to pediatric or early onset inflammatory bowel disease (<5 years of age)...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736993/children-with-cerebral-palsy-in-ghana-malnutrition-feeding-challenges-and-caregiver-quality-of-life
#4
Sarah Polack, Mel Adams, David O'banion, Marjolein Baltussen, Sandra Asante, Marko Kerac, Melissa Gladstone, Maria Zuurmond
AIM: To assess feeding difficulties and nutritional status among children with cerebral palsy (CP) in Ghana, and whether severity of feeding difficulties and malnutrition are independently associated with caregiver quality of life (QoL). METHOD: This cross-sectional survey included 76 children with CP (18mo-12y) from four regions of Ghana. Severity of CP was classified using the Gross Motor Function Classification System and anthropometric measures were taken. Caregivers rated their QoL (using the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory Family Impact Module) and difficulties with eight aspects of child feeding...
May 7, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735573/adolescent-consumption-of-sports-drinks
#5
Kyla Cordrey, Sarah A Keim, Ruth Milanaik, Andrew Adesman
BACKGROUND: Sports drinks are aggressively marketed to teenagers to replenish fluids and/or electrolytes. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, typical adolescent physical activity does not require sports drink rehydration. Given US obesity rates and that sugar-sweetened sports drinks add superfluous calories to the diet, it is important to assess adolescent sports drink consumption and changes over time. METHODS: Researchers in the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey and 2010 National Youth Physical Activity and Nutrition Survey collected nationally representative samples of US high school students about sports drink consumption...
May 7, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732652/tracheobronchial-angles-in-children-three-dimensional-computed-tomography-based-measurements
#6
Tariq M Wani, Basharat Buchh, Faris Saeed AlGhamdi, Ravees Jan, Dmitry Tumin, Joseph D Tobias
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown significant variation in the tracheobronchial angles in pediatric-aged patients. The current study revisits tracheobronchial angle measurements in children using accurate computed tomography-based 3-dimensional images to add clarity to the understanding of tracheobronchial angles. The primary objective of the current study was to measure the right and left bronchial angle take off from the trachea using 3-dimensional computed tomography-based images of the air column in the tracheobronchial tree...
May 6, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728164/impact-of-supraglottoplasty-on-parental-preception-of-swallowing-using-a-10-question-swallowing-index
#7
Sohit Paul Kanotra, Vil Vaitaitis, Hunter Hopkins, Meghan Fletcher, Courtney K Gonsoulin, Brent Keith
INTRODUCTION: Laryngomalacia can have a significant impact on swallowing function. Most of the studies in literature have focused on evaluating swallowing dysfunction in children with Laryngomalacia using clinical assessment and swallowing studies i.e. functional endoscopic evaluation of swallowing or videofluroscopic evaluation of swallowing. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the current study was to evaluate the parental perception of swallowing using a newly devised 10-point swallowing index before and after supraglottoplasty...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724233/baby-led-weaning-what-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-adds-on
#8
REVIEW
Enza D'Auria, Marcello Bergamini, Annamaria Staiano, Giuseppe Banderali, Erica Pendezza, Francesca Penagini, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti, Diego Giampietro Peroni
The term weaning describes the time period in which a progressive reduction of breastfeeding or the feeding of infant-formula takes place while the infant is gradually introduced to solid foods. It is a crucial time in an infant's life as not only does it involve with a great deal of rapid change for the child, but it is also associated with the development of food preferences, eating behaviours and body weight in childhood and also in adolescence and adulthood.Therefore, how a child is weaned may have an influence later, on the individual's entire life...
May 3, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708493/ocular-vestibular-evoked-myogenic-potentials-normative-findings-in-children
#9
Jeffery J Kuhn, Violette H Lavender, Lisa L Hunter, Stephanie E McGuire, Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Robert W Keith, John H Greinwald
BACKGROUND: To add to the limited body of literature on ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential (oVEMP) responses in children and to assess a different montage for oVEMP recording. PURPOSE: To evaluate the characteristics of the oVEMP response in children and compare the results with that of a group of healthy adults. RESEARCH DESIGN: Prospective descriptive study from a tertiary referral center. STUDY SAMPLE: Twenty-two children (mean age = 6...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702016/static-and-functional-mr-urography-to-assess-congenital-anomalies-of-the-kidney-and-urinary-tract-in-infants-and-children-comparison-with-mag3-renal-scintigraphy-and-sonography
#10
Jessica Rodigas, Hanne Kirsch, Ulrike John, Philipp Seifert, Thomas Winkens, Martin Stenzel, Hans-Joachim Mentzel
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to compare functional MR urography (MRU) with the results of ultrasound and radionuclide 99m Tc-mercaptoacetyltriglycine (MAG3) scintigraphy in evaluating morphologic findings, split renal function, and urinary tract obstruction in pediatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pediatric patients with proven congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract were included (n = 112). The morphologic findings of MRU were compared with previous diagnostic ultrasound findings...
April 27, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696741/outcomes-of-single-kidney-transplantation-from-pediatric-donors-a-single-center-experience
#11
Yamei Jiang, Turun Song, Yang Qiu, Jinpeng Liu, Zhiling Wang, Xianding Wang, Zhongli Huang, Yu Fan, Li Wang, Tao Lin
Kidneys from pDDs are increasingly used to narrow the huge gap between incremental demand and static supply. However, there is still controversy on the clinical outcome of SKT from pDDs. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 452 adult recipients in our center between March 2012 and February 2017. Outcomes of 3 groups, transplants with organs from pDDs (n=50), aDDs (n=207), and LDs (n=195), were compared. The mean age and weight of pDDs were 8.98 years (range 8 months-17 years) and 30.05 kg (range 8...
April 25, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696657/surgical-simulation-and-applicant-perception-in-otolaryngology-residency-interviews
#12
Maheer M Masood, Elizabeth D Stephenson, Douglas R Farquhar, Zainab Farzal, Parth V Shah, Robert A Buckmire, Wade G McClain, J Madison Clark, Brian D Thorp, Adam J Kimple, Charles S Ebert, Lauren A Kilpatrick, Samip N Patel, Rupali N Shah, Adam M Zanation
OBJECTIVE: The traditional resident applicant interview involves multiple oral interviews. The implementation of surgical simulations adds an additional dimension of assessment but can be perceived in a stressful way by applicants. The purpose of this project is to describe low-fidelity simulations that were implemented for the 2016 to 2017 residency interviews and obtain applicant perception of these simulations. METHODS: Six simulation modules were created, which reflected tasks used in six subspecialties within otolaryngology (pediatrics, otology, laryngology, facial plastics, rhinology, and head/neck)...
April 25, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672178/obese-and-allergic-related-asthma-phenotypes-among-children-across-the-united-states
#13
Mindy K Ross, Tahmineh Romero, Myung S Sim, Peter G Szilagyi
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric asthma is heterogeneous with phenotypes that reflect differing underlying inflammation and pathophysiology. Little is known about the national prevalence of certain obesity and allergy related asthma phenotypes or associated characteristics. We therefore assessed the national prevalence, risk factors, and parent-reported severity of four asthma phenotypes: not-allergic-not-obese, allergic-not-obese, obese-not-allergic, and allergic-and-obese. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2007-2008 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) of 10-17 year-olds with parent-reported asthma...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667375/core-curriculum-to-facilitate-the-expansion-of-a-rheumatology-practice-to-include-nurse-practitioners-and-physician-assistants
#14
Benjamin J Smith, Marcy B Bolster, Barbara Slusher, Christine Stamatos, Jeanne R Scott, Heather Benham, Salahuddin Kazi, Elizabeth A Schlenk, Daniel E Schaffer, Vikas Majithia, Calvin R Brown, Joan M von Feldt, Joseph Flood, David M Haag, Karen L Smarr
OBJECTIVE: Due to an aging population, increasing prevalence of rheumatic disease, and a growing supply and demand gap of rheumatology providers, innovative solutions are needed to meet the needs of persons with rheumatic conditions. Nurse practitioners (NPs) and physician assistants (PAs) have been identified as a group of health professionals who could help address the workforce shortage. The Executive Committee of the Association of Rheumatology Health Professionals (ARHP), a division of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), charged a task force to facilitate the preparation of NPs/PAs to work in a rheumatology practice setting...
April 17, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663335/long-term-efficacy-of-add-on-lacosamide-treatment-in-children-and-adolescents-with-refractory-epilepsies-a-single-center-observational-study
#15
Anna Rosati, Lucrezia Ilvento, Riccardo Rizzi, Viola Doccini, Maria Carmela Leo, Alessandra Pugi, Salvatore De Masi, Renzo Guerrini
OBJECTIVE: To assess long-term efficacy and tolerability of lacosamide (LCM) as adjunctive treatment through a retrospective study in children and adolescents with refractory epilepsies. METHODS: All patients consecutively treated with LCM as add-on for refractory focal and generalized epilepsy and followed at the Neuroscience Center of Excellence of the Meyer Children's Hospital of Florence between January 2011 and September 2015 were included in the study. Responder rate, relapse-free survival, and retention rate were calculated...
April 17, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652750/a-needs-assessment-of-brain-death-education-in-pediatric-critical-care-medicine-fellowships
#16
Andrew M Ausmus, Pippa M Simpson, Liyun Zhang, Tara L Petersen
OBJECTIVES: To assess the current training in brain death examination provided during pediatric critical care medicine fellowship. DESIGN: Internet-based survey. SETTING: United States pediatric critical care medicine fellowship programs. SUBJECTS: Sixty-four pediatric critical care medicine fellowship program directors and 230 current pediatric critical care medicine fellows/recent graduates were invited to participate...
April 12, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600123/association-between-baseline-blood-pressures-heart-rates-and-vasovagal-syncope-in-children-and-adolescents
#17
Himanshu Adlakha, Ruchi Gupta, Romana Hassan, Jeffrey H Kern
BACKGROUND: Vasovagal syncope is the most common cause of syncope in children and adults, accounting for 50-66% of unexplained syncope. There are no studies establishing the relationship between syncope, baseline heart rate, and blood pressure. OBJECTIVE: To identify a possible association between baseline blood pressure and heart rate with syncope. DESIGN/METHODS: We conducted a questionnaire-based chart review study. A questionnaire was distributed to the guardian of children between eight and 18 years of age who attended the Pediatric Ambulatory Care Clinic at Flushing Hospital Medical Center...
January 28, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596007/outpatient-physical-therapy-cardiovascular-assessment-physical-therapist-perspective-and-experience
#18
Ali Mufraih Albarrati
BACKGROUND: Physical therapists are recognized healthcare providers who play an important role in cardiovascular disease prevention. Heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) are important parameters in cardiovascular risk assessment; however, physical therapists do not usually integrate them into clinical practice. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the current practice and opinion of outpatient physical therapists toward HR and BP measurements in clinics. METHODS: A 12-item survey questionnaire was distributed to outpatient physical therapists...
March 29, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592851/development-of-a-provisional-essential-medicines-list-for-children-in-canada-consensus-process
#19
Hannah Woods, Efosa Oronsaye, Anjli Bali, Yathavan Rajakulasingam, Taehoon Lee, Norman Umali, Eyal Cohen, Yaron Finkelstein, Martin Offringa, Nav Persaud
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, many countries have developed a list of essential medicines for children to improve prescribing. We aimed to create an essential medicines list for children in Canada. METHODS: We adapted the previously created preliminary list of essential medicines for adults in Canada and the WHO Model List of Essential Medicines for Children to create a provisional list of essential medicines for children in Canada. Canadian clinicians made suggestions for changes...
March 26, 2018: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574583/the-broader-autism-phenotype-and-visual-perception-in-children
#20
Antoinette Sabatino DiCriscio, Vanessa Troiani
Atypical visual perception has increasingly been described in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and linked to quantitative, autism-like features that are present in children and adults without ASD. We investigated whether individual differences in visual processing skills were related to quantitative measures of autism traits in a pediatric sample with a range of clinical features. Visual processing was comprehensively characterized using the test of visual perceptual skills (TVPS), a standardized test of visual perception with seven subtests that capture a range of visual processing abilities...
March 24, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
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