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Pediatric Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939535/reading-difficulties-and-the-pediatric-ophthalmologist
#1
EDITORIAL
Sheryl M Handler, Walter M Fierson
Approximately 20% of children have dyslexia, a language-based reading disability. A variation in language processing in the brain leads to a deficit in phonological (auditory) processing, which leads to problems in learning to read, write, and spell. Myths continue to exist regarding dyslexia and vision, and although eye and vision problems may coexist with dyslexia, they are not more prevalent than in the general population. Rarely vision problems may make reading at near very difficult and may masquerade as a learning problem or attention deficit disorder/attention deficit hyperactivity disorder...
September 19, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933918/pharmacokinetics-of-a-new-amphetamine-extended-release-oral-suspension-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#2
Carolyn R Sikes, Russ L McMahen, Jeffrey G Stark, Dorothy Engelking
OBJECTIVE: An extended-release amphetamine (AMP) oral suspension has been developed to facilitate medication ingestion and dose titration. This study sought to determine the pharmacokinetic (PK) profile of this new formulation in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: This was an open-label, single-period, PK study in 29 pediatric participants with ADHD. Participants were stratified into age groups 1 (6-7 years), 2 (8-9 years), and 3 (10-12 years), and dosed with 15 mL extended-release AMP liquid suspension (equivalent to 30 mg mixed AMP salts) after an overnight fast...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921528/practitioner-review-treatment-of-chronic-insomnia-in-children-and-adolescents-with-neurodevelopmental-disabilities
#3
REVIEW
Oliviero Bruni, Marco Angriman, Fabrizio Calisti, Alessandro Comandini, Giovanna Esposito, Samuele Cortese, Raffaele Ferri
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbances, in particular insomnia, represent a common problem in children with neurodevelopmental disabilities (NDDs). Currently, there are no approved medications for insomnia in children by the US Food and Drug Administration or European Medicines Agency and therefore they are prescribed off-label. We critically reviewed pediatric literature on drugs as well as nonpharmacological (behavioral) interventions used for sleep disturbances in children with NDDs. METHODS: PubMed, Ovid (including PsycINFO, Ovid MEDLINE(®) , and Embase), and Web of Knowledge databases were searched through February 12, 2017, with no language restrictions...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914731/academic-developmental-behavioral-pediatric-faculty-at-developmental-behavioral-pediatric-research-network-sites-changing-composition-and-interests
#4
Nancy Roizen, Ruth E K Stein, Ellen J Silver, Pamela High, Marilyn C Augustyn, Nathan J Blum
OBJECTIVE: To obtain and review workforce data, given the critical demand for developmental pediatricians (DPs). METHODS: Survey of demographics and professional activities of DP physician faculty at Developmental-Behavioral Pediatric (DBP) Research Network fellowship training sites. RESULTS: Of the eligible providers at 12 centers, 76% (n = 50) completed surveys. They were on average 50 years old and mostly female (86%), white (82%), and working full time (74%)...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903621/virtual-environments-as-an-assessment-modality-with-pediatric-asd-populations-a-brief-report
#5
Tyler C Duffield, Thomas D Parsons, Allisen Landry, Shaza Karam, Tiffany Otero, Sarah Mastel, Trevor A Hall
Virtual environments (VEs) have demonstrated promise as a neuropsychological assessment modality and may be well suited for the evaluation of children suspected of having an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Some recent studies indicate their potential for enhancing reliability, ecologically validity, and sensitivity over traditional neuropsychological evaluation measures. Although research using VEs with ASD is increasing to the degree that several reviews of the literature have been conducted, the reviews to date lack rigor and are not necessarily specific to cognitive or neuropsychological assessment as many focus on intervention...
September 13, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888814/primary-and-secondary-enuresis-pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-treatment
#6
REVIEW
Bernhard Haid, Serdar Tekgül
CONTEXT: Enuresis is a common and possibly underestimated condition. While 5-10% of school-aged children suffer from the condition, a lack of background knowledge may impede timely child-adapted and successful therapy. OBJECTIVE: To provide a comprehensive overview of the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of enuresis. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Guideline and position papers from the European Society of Pediatric Urology, the European Association of Urology, and the International Children's Continence Society were acquired...
September 6, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888495/teachers-experiences-with-and-perceptions-of-students-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#7
Kay Lawrence, Robin Dawson Estrada, Jessica McCormick
PURPOSE: The purpose of this research was to examine teacher experiences with and perceptions of students with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Teachers are integral in helping these children learn effectively and foster healthy relationships, yet little is known about their interactions with these children. DESIGN AND METHOD: Semi structured interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of fourteen currently practicing or retired elementary and middle schools teachers in North Carolina and South Carolina...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821006/adherence-to-antiepileptic-drugs-in-children-and-adolescents-a-retrospective-study-in-primary-care-settings-in-germany
#8
Louis Jacob, Hajo M Hamer, Karel Kostev
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to analyze adherence to antiepileptic drugs (AED) in children and adolescents treated in pediatric practices in Germany. METHODS: The present study included patients aged between 2 and 17years who were diagnosed with epilepsy (ICD-10: G40) and had received at least two prescriptions of AED between January 2006 and December 2015 in 243 pediatric practices in Germany. The medication possession ratio (MPR) was used to estimate adherence, and patients with a MPR greater than 80% were considered adherent...
August 15, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816912/distance-learning-adhd-quality-improvement-in-primary-care-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#9
Alexander G Fiks, Stephanie L Mayne, Jeremy J Michel, Jeffrey Miller, Manju Abraham, Andrew Suh, Abbas F Jawad, James P Guevara, Robert W Grundmeier, Nathan J Blum, Thomas J Power
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a distance-learning, quality improvement intervention to improve pediatric primary care provider use of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) rating scales. METHODS: Primary care practices were cluster randomized to a 3-part distance-learning, quality improvement intervention (web-based education, collaborative consultation with ADHD experts, and performance feedback reports/calls), qualifying for Maintenance of Certification (MOC) Part IV credit, or wait-list control...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816910/acceptability-of-group-visits-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-pediatric-clinics
#10
Nerissa S Bauer, Nina Azer, Paula D Sullivan, Dorota Szczepaniak, Sarah M Stelzner, Stephen M Downs, Aaron E Carroll
OBJECTIVE: Children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have ongoing needs that impair home and school functioning. Group visit models are a promising way to deliver timely parenting support but family and provider acceptance has not previously been examined. The objective was to describe the acceptability of ADHD group visits in busy pediatric clinics based on caregivers, child participants and facilitators. METHODS: Data were analyzed from school-age children and caregivers who participated in one of two 12-month long randomized controlled studies of the ADHD group visit model from 2012 to 2013 or 2014 to 2015...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805445/prevalence-and-predictors-of-learning-and-psychological-diagnoses-following-pediatric-arterial-ischemic-stroke
#11
Tricia S Williams, Kyla P McDonald, Samantha D Roberts, Nomazulu Dlamini, Gabrielle deVeber, Robyn Westmacott
This study examined the prevalence of learning and psychological diagnoses and associated neurological and personal-environmental risk factors following perinatal and childhood arterial ischemic stroke. In our sample of 126 children and youth, 52.4% received a diagnosis following their assessment. Specifically, 32% had a single diagnosis and 21% had two or more diagnoses. Learning disability, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, and intellectual disability were the most prevalent diagnoses. Associated risk factors varied by diagnosis with lower intellectual functioning being the common risk factor across categories...
August 14, 2017: Developmental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796925/neurological-comorbidity-in-children-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#12
Keiko Hirabaru, Muneaki Matsuo
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of central nervous system comorbidities in children with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). METHODS: We performed a nationwide survey to investigate neurological comorbidities in 3-15-year-old children with NF1 in Japan by sending questionnaires to pediatricians and pediatric neurologists. A secondary questionnaire was sent to the parents of identified NF1 patients to assess neurological comorbidities including headache, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-Rating Scale (RS), and the Social Responsiveness Scale -2...
August 10, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755620/does-the-increasing-placebo-response-impact-outcomes-of-adult-and-pediatric-adhd-clinical-trials-data-from-the-us-food-and-drug-administration-2000-2009
#13
Arif Khan, Kaysee Fahl Mar, Walter A Brown
In a study of recent antidepressant clinical trial data, it was found placebo response had grown significantly over time and that contrary to expectations, trial outcome measures and success rate were not impacted. The aim of this paper was to evaluate if this trend of increasing placebo response and stable outcome measures could be seen in clinical trial data for Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, a different psychiatric condition with susceptibility to placebo response. For this reason, we evaluated efficacy data reported in the FDA Medical and Statistical reviews for 10 ADHD medication programs (4917 patients, 17 trials, 29 treatment arms)...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698828/a-case-of-pediatric-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-presenting-as-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-case-report
#14
Muhammad A Tahir, Nida R Gujar, Nusrat Jahan
In the past few years, there has been increased recognition that children, who have faced traumatic incidences, can develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), just like in adults. We present a case of PTSD in a 6-year-old child who endured three surgical procedures because he was suffering from a congenital cranial stenosis (Pfeiffer) syndrome. Because of repetitive painful episodes, resulting from the syndrome, and then post-surgical complications, the child developed behavioral outbursts, hypervigilence, concentration problems, and irritability...
May 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697270/lucy-maude-montgomery-and-anne-of-green-gables-an-early-description-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#15
Jessica Katz Edison, Christopher Clardy
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) was added to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, third edition, revised in 1987. Similar disorders had appeared earlier, and many consider the first description of ADHD to be a lecture in 1902 about children with an "abnormal defect in moral control" but normal intelligence. This definition of ADHD is more alarming than the current one. Anne Shirley, the protagonist of the novel Anne of Green Gables (written by Lucy Maude Montgomery and published in 1908), shares the hyperactive and inattentive qualities that fit the current definition of ADHD...
July 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691955/children-with-obsessive-compulsive-symptomology-in-the-general-population-different-subtypes
#16
Josjan Zijlmans, Reshmi Marhe, Jan van der Ende, Frank C Verhulst, Arne Popma, Henning Tiemeier, Odile A van den Heuvel
OBJECTIVE: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a moderately prevalent neurodevelopmental disorder, and many children suffer from subclinical obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms. The disorder is heterogeneous and has high comorbidity rates. In early disease stages of psychiatric disorders, symptoms are typically hard to attribute exclusively to specific disorders. The authors investigated whether profiles of neuropsychiatric symptoms can be distinguished within a large population-based study of school-aged children (7-10 years) scoring high on OC symptoms...
September 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690646/effects-of-lamotrigine-on-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-pediatric-epilepsy-patients
#17
Seung-A Han, Eu Jeen Yang, Mi-Kyoung Song, Sun Jun Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of lamotrigine for the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in children with epilepsy. METHODS: Pediatric patients newly diagnosed with epilepsy (n=90 [61 boys and 29 girls]; mean age, 9.1±3.4 years) were enrolled. All patients were evaluated with the Korean ADHD rating scale (K-ARS)-IV before treatment with lamotrigine and after doses had been administered. The mean interval of ADHD testing was approximately 12...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683846/beyond-the-pill-new-medication-delivery-options-for-adhd
#18
Andrew J Cutler, Gregory W Mattingly
Successful treatment of pediatric disorders has necessitated the development of alternative medication formulations, as children may prefer alternative dosage forms to tablets or capsules. This is especially true for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which is one of the most common chronic pediatric conditions and often involves children with a variety of overlapping physical, psychological, or neurodevelopmental disorders. A special challenge for developing alternative dosage forms for ADHD treatment is the incorporation of a once-daily long-acting formulation...
July 7, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675955/psychiatric-disorders-in-children-with-demyelinating-diseases-of-the-central-nervous-system
#19
Julia Pakpoor, Raph Goldacre, Klaus Schmierer, Gavin Giovannoni, Emmanuelle Waubant, Michael J Goldacre
INTRODUCTION: The profile of psychiatric disorders associated with multiple sclerosis (MS) may differ in children. We aimed to assess the risk of psychiatric disorders in children with MS and other demyelinating diseases, and vice versa. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed linked English Hospital Episode Statistics, and mortality data, 1999-2011. Cohorts were constructed of children admitted with MS and other central nervous system (CNS) demyelinating diseases. We searched for any subsequent episode of care with psychiatric disorders in these cohorts and compared to a reference cohort...
July 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631372/patient-and-provider-characteristics-related-with-prescribing-of-adhd-medication-nationwide-health-insurance-claims-database-study-in-korea
#20
Inmyung Song, Mo Se Lee, Eui-Kyung Lee, Ju-Young Shin
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between prescribing of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication and the patient's age, gender, and type of medical institution in Asia region. INTRODUCTION: This study investigates the prevalence and factors of diagnosis and pharmacological treatment of ADHD in the pediatric population. METHODS: Using the Korea Health Insurance database, study participants were identified as pediatric patients (≤17 years) with at least 1 diagnosis of ADHD (ICD-10, F90) from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2011...
June 20, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
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