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Pediatric Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924149/differences-in-real-world-executive-function-between-children-with-pediatric-bipolar-disorder-and-children-with-adhd
#1
Alessandra M Passarotti, Nidhi Trivedi, Liza Dominguez-Colman, Manharkumar Patel, Scott A Langenecker
BACKGROUND: Recent research evidence suggests that executive function (EF) is impaired in both pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD) and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), although the underlying cognitive mechanisms are still unclear. In this study we examined EF, including cognitive and emotional control, in three pediatric groups with overlapping symptoms. METHODS: Sixteen children and adolescents with PBD, 17 children and adolescents with ADHD, Type Combined, and 13 children and adolescents with PBD and comorbid ADHD (PBD+ADHD) (mean age=12...
2016: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907271/adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-diagnosis-management-and-treatment-in-the-dsm-5-era
#2
Joel L Young, David W Goodman
Objective: To increase awareness of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the primary care community and to provide guidance for the management of this condition. Despite its increasing prevalence, adult ADHD largely remains underdiagnosed and inappropriately treated in the United States. The publication of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), has provided more clear diagnostic criteria for adult ADHD, but a solid framework supporting the transition of ADHD management from pediatric to adult primary care is lacking...
November 17, 2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902542/impact-of-mental-health-comorbidities-on-the-community-based-pediatric-treatment-and-outcomes-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#3
Nour Al Ghriwati, Joshua M Langberg, William Gardner, James Peugh, Kelly J Kelleher, Rebecca Baum, William B Brinkman, Phil Lichtenstein, Jeffery N Epstein
OBJECTIVE: Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often exhibit psychiatric comorbidities, which may impact illness presentation, diagnosis, and treatment outcomes. Guidelines exist for dealing with these complex cases but little is known about how comorbidities are being handled in community pediatric settings. The purpose of this study was to evaluate how mental health comorbidities affect community physicians' ADHD care practices and patients' symptom trajectories...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889487/adhd-severity-as-it-relates-to-comorbid-psychiatric-symptomatology-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-asd
#4
Rosleen Mansour, Allison T Dovi, David M Lane, Katherine A Loveland, Deborah A Pearson
Comorbid diagnoses identified in pediatric samples have been correlated with a range of outcomes, including greater levels of emotional, behavioral, and educational impairment and the need for more intensive treatment. Given that previous research has documented high levels of comorbid Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), this study closely examines the relationship between parent-reported ADHD symptoms (i.e., Conners' Parent Rating Scale, Revised [CPRS-R]) and the prevalence of additional comorbid psychiatric diagnoses in a pediatric ASD sample (n=99)...
November 24, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882412/impact-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-therapy-on-fracture-risk-in-children-treated-in-german-pediatric-practices
#5
L Jacob, K Kostev
: Two thousand eight hundred ninety-four children and adolescents treated by 243 pediatricians were analyzed. Patients receiving attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications were at a lower risk of fractures than patients without ADHD medications. The strongest impact was in the age group of 6-9 years. Finally, there was a significant association between therapy duration and fracture risk. INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of ADHD therapy on fracture risk in children treated by German pediatricians...
November 24, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879551/no-superiority-of-treatment-with-osmotic-controlled-release-oral-delivery-system-methylphenidate-over-short-medium-acting-methylphenidate-preparations-in-the-rate-and-timing-of-injuries-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#6
Pavel Golubchik, Arad Kodesh, Abraham Weizman
OBJECTIVES: Methylphenidate (MPH) treatment in patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is reported to reduce the risk for injuries. In the present study, the rate and timing of injuries were compared among the various MPH preparations (4 and 6-8 vs 12 hour-acting) in children with ADHD. METHODS: This real-world retrospective study covered the years 2011 to 2013. Participants included 2042 youngsters (aged 4-18 years, 13.01 ± 3.2 years; 71...
November 22, 2016: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871637/comparing-brain-morphometry-across-multiple-childhood-psychiatric-disorders
#7
Andrea L Gold, Melissa A Brotman, Nancy E Adleman, Sara N Lever, Elizabeth R Steuber, Stephen J Fromm, Sven C Mueller, Daniel S Pine, Ellen Leibenluft
OBJECTIVE: In both children and adults, psychiatric illness is associated with structural brain alterations, particularly in the prefrontal cortex (PFC). However, most studies compare gray matter volume (GMV) in healthy volunteers (HVs) to one psychiatric group. We compared GMV among youth with anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder (BD), disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and HVs. METHOD: 3-Tesla T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging scans were acquired in 184 youths (39 anxious, 20 BD, 52 DMDD, 20 ADHD, and 53 HV)...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859919/integrated-multimodal-network-approach-to-pet-and-mri-based-on-multidimensional-persistent-homology
#8
Hyekyoung Lee, Hyejin Kang, Moo K Chung, Seonhee Lim, Bung-Nyun Kim, Dong Soo Lee
Finding underlying relationships among multiple imaging modalities in a coherent fashion is one of the challenging problems in multimodal analysis. In this study, we propose a novel approach based on multidimensional persistence. In the extension of the previous threshold-free method of persistent homology, we visualize and discriminate the topological change of integrated brain networks by varying not only threshold but also mixing ratio between two different imaging modalities. The multidimensional persistence is implemented by a new bimodal integration method called 1D projection...
November 17, 2016: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843467/comparison-of-relation-between-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-with-and-without-simple-febrile-seizure-admitted-in-arak-central-iran
#9
Bahman Salehi, Parsa Yousefichaijan, Smira Safi Arian, Somaieh Ebrahimi, Mahdyieh Naziri
OBJECTIVE: Febrile seizure is one of the most prevalent childhood convulsions with the most common age of onset at 14-18 mo old. Fever decreases the brain threshold for seizure. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is also a neurologic-behavioral problem defined by attention deficit and hyperactivity according to DSM-IV criteria in which the child must have these signs in two different environments. There is controversy on the possible relation between febrile seizure and ADHD; while some studies approve a strong relation, some exclude any relation and some attribute ADHD to the side effects of other reasons...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829119/social-perception-in-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder
#10
Sara A Stevens, Hayyah Clairman, Kelly Nash, Joanne Rovet
Although the profile of social cognitive difficulties is well recognized in children with certain neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), this profile is not as well established in other clinical pediatric populations. The objective of the present study is to examine patterns of social perception in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) compared to typically-developing (TD) control children. A total of 56 children between 8 and 12 years of age-35 with FASD and 21 TD-completed the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Task - Children's Version (RMET-C)...
November 9, 2016: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824775/evaluation-of-bipolar-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-referred-to-a-mood-service-diagnostic-pathways-and-manic-dimensions
#11
Ana P Ferreira-Maia, Alexandre C Boronat, Miguel A Boarati, Lee Fu-I, Yuan-Pang Wang
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have examined pediatric mental health services for early-onset bipolar disorder (BD). The goal of this study was to describe diagnostic pathways and manic dimensions in BD among referred children and adolescents. METHODS: Data were obtained from a review of the charts of 814 subjects, 2 to 17 years of age, with a complaint of mood disturbances who were referred between 2003 and 2012 to a university-based child and adolescent clinic that specializes in mood disorders...
November 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810669/modafinil-for-the-treatment-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-meta-analysis
#12
Sheng-Min Wang, Changsu Han, Soo-Jung Lee, Tae-Youn Jun, Ashwin A Patkar, Prakash S Masand, Chi-Un Pae
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common and a debilitating neuro-behavior disorder in the pediatric population. Although numerous effective psychostimulants are available, more than 30% of patients still do not show adequate treatment response rendering diverse pharmacological options. We aimed at assessing the efficacy and safety of modafinil in the treatment of children and adolescents with ADHD by conducting a meta-analysis. An extensive search of databases and clinical trial registries resulted in five published short-term randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials...
January 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805287/nutritional-status-and-feeding-problems-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#13
Norsuhaila Sha'ari, Zahara Abdul Manaf, Mahadir Ahmad, Fairuz Nazri Abd Rahman
OBJECTIVE: Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) maybe at risk for nutrient deficiencies due to attention demands required to sit through meals. This comparative cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the nutritional status and feeding problems of ADHD children aged 4-12 years. METHOD: Sociodemographic data, anthropometric measurements and a three-day dietary intake were collected from 54 ADHD children and 54 typical development (TD) children...
November 2, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798814/a-latent-class-analysis-to-identify-variation-in-caregivers-preferences-for-their-child-s-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-treatment-do-stated-preferences-match-current-treatment
#14
Xinyi Ng, John F P Bridges, Melissa M Ross, Emily Frosch, Gloria Reeves, Charles E Cunningham, Susan dosReis
OBJECTIVES: To investigate variation in caregiver preferences for their child's attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) care and to determine if their stated preferences align with current care management. METHODS: Caregivers of a child aged 4-14 years and in care for ADHD were recruited from pediatric outpatient clinics and advocacy groups across the state of Maryland. Participants completed a survey collecting demographics, the child's treatment, and caregiver preferences-elicited using a best-worst scaling experiment (case 2)...
October 31, 2016: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782299/association-between-irritability-and-bias-in-attention-orienting-to-threat-in-children-and-adolescents
#15
Giovanni A Salum, Karin Mogg, Brendan P Bradley, Argyris Stringaris, Ary Gadelha, Pedro M Pan, Luis A Rohde, Guilherme V Polanczyk, Gisele G Manfro, Daniel S Pine, Ellen Leibenluft
BACKGROUND: Irritability, a frequent complaint in children with psychiatric disorders, reflects increased predisposition to anger. Preliminary work in pediatric clinical samples links irritability to attention bias to threat, and the current study examines this association in a large population-based sample. METHODS: We studied 1,872 children (ages 6-14) using the Development and Well-Being Assessment (DAWBA), Childhood Behavior Checklist (CBCL), and dot-probe tasks...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735973/skills-versus-pills-psychosocial-treatments-for-adhd-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#16
Erin N Schoenfelder, Tyler Sasser
Although side effects and family concerns are common and long-term medication adherence is low, stimulant medications are a front-line treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Psychosocial treatments include classroom, family, and child-focused interventions that teach caregivers and teachers how to implement contingencies to shape behavior and provide children with skills to compensate for ADHD deficits. Such programs have a growing evidence-base and can be implemented alone or in conjunction with pharmacological treatments...
October 1, 2016: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735969/mental-health-issues-in-foster-care
#17
W David Lohr, V Faye Jones
Children in foster care have exceptional needs due to their histories of abuse, neglect, and increased exposure to violence. The rates of psychiatric symptoms and disorders, such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, and reactive attachment disorder, are much higher in children in foster care; furthermore, the rate of these children receiving psychotropic medications is 3 times that of children who are not in foster care. Pediatricians, in their role of providing a medical home, play a central role in safeguarding the physical and mental health of these children...
October 1, 2016: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689122/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-with-overactive-bladder-a-case-control-study
#18
Parsa Yousefichaijan, Mojtaba Sharafkhah, Mohammad Rafiei, Bahman Salehi
INTRODUCTION: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common childhood psychiatric disorder. This disorder is more prevalent in some chronic diseases. OBJECTIVES: To investigate ADHD in children with overactive bladder. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A number of 92 children with overactive bladder and 92 healthy children without overactive bladder (age range of both groups 5 to 12 years old) were included in this study as case and control groups, respectively...
2016: Journal of Renal Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673503/cortical-morphology-as-a-shared-neurobiological-substrate-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-symptoms-and-executive-functioning-a-population-based-pediatric-neuroimaging-study
#19
Sabine E Mous, Tonya White, Ryan L Muetzel, Hanan El Marroun, Jolien Rijlaarsdam, Tinca J C Polderman, Vincent W Jaddoe, Frank C Verhulst, Danielle Posthuma, Henning Tiemeier
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity symptoms have repeatedly been associated with poor cognitive functioning. Genetic studies have demonstrated a shared etiology of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and cognitive ability, suggesting a common underlying neurobiology of ADHD and cognition. Further, neuroimaging studies suggest that altered cortical development is related to ADHD. In a large population-based sample we investigated whether cortical morphology, as a potential neurobiological substrate, underlies the association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity symptoms and cognitive problems...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663945/a-genome-wide-association-meta-analysis-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-in-population-based-pediatric-cohorts
#20
Christel M Middeldorp, Anke R Hammerschlag, Klaasjan G Ouwens, Maria M Groen-Blokhuis, Beate St Pourcain, Corina U Greven, Irene Pappa, Carla M T Tiesler, Wei Ang, Ilja M Nolte, Natalia Vilor-Tejedor, Jonas Bacelis, Jane L Ebejer, Huiying Zhao, Gareth E Davies, Erik A Ehli, David M Evans, Iryna O Fedko, Mònica Guxens, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, James J Hudziak, Astanand Jugessur, John P Kemp, Eva Krapohl, Nicholas G Martin, Mario Murcia, Ronny Myhre, Johan Ormel, Susan M Ring, Marie Standl, Evie Stergiakouli, Camilla Stoltenberg, Elisabeth Thiering, Nicholas J Timpson, Maciej Trzaskowski, Peter J van der Most, Carol Wang, Dale R Nyholt, Sarah E Medland, Benjamin Neale, Bo Jacobsson, Jordi Sunyer, Catharina A Hartman, Andrew J O Whitehouse, Craig E Pennell, Joachim Heinrich, Robert Plomin, George Davey Smith, Henning Tiemeier, Danielle Posthuma, Dorret I Boomsma
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to elucidate the influence of common genetic variants on childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, to identify genetic variants that explain its high heritability, and to investigate the genetic overlap of ADHD symptom scores with ADHD diagnosis. METHOD: Within the EArly Genetics and Lifecourse Epidemiology (EAGLE) consortium, genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and ADHD symptom scores were available for 17,666 children (<13 years of age) from nine population-based cohorts...
October 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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