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Pediatric Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335872/cognitive-impairment-in-euthymic-pediatric-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Liana R Elias, Kamilla W Miskowiak, Antônio M O Vale, Cristiano A Köhler, Hanne L Kjærstad, Brendon Stubbs, Lars V Kessing, Eduard Vieta, Michael Maes, Benjamin I Goldstein, André F Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies investigating neurocognition in euthymic youths with bipolar disorder (BD) compared to healthy controls (HCs). METHOD: A systematic literature search was conducted in the PubMed/MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and EMBASE databases from inception up until March 23, 2016, for original peer-reviewed articles that investigated neurocognition in euthymic youths with BD compared to HCs. Effect sizes (ES) for individual tests were extracted...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333546/pharmacokinetics-and-safety-of-vortioxetine-in-pediatric-patients
#2
Robert L Findling, Adelaide S Robb, Melissa DelBello, Michael Huss, Nora McNamara, Elias Sarkis, Russell Scheffer, Lis H Poulsen, Grace Chen, Ole Michael Lemming, Johan Areberg, Philippe Auby
OBJECTIVE: The primary objectives of this study were to evaluate the pharmacokinetics (PK) and tolerability of single and multiple doses of vortioxetine in children and adolescents with a depressive or anxiety disorder and to provide supportive information for appropriate dosing regimens for pediatric clinical trials. METHODS: This prospective, open-label, multinational, multisite, multiple-dose trial enrolled 48 patients (children and adolescents; 1:1 ratio) divided into 8 cohorts (4 adolescent and 4 child), with each cohort including 6 patients...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333516/collaborative-mental-health-care-for-pediatric-behavior-disorders-in-primary-care-does-it-reduce-mental-health-care-costs
#3
Hao Yu, David J Kolko, Eunice Torres
OVERVIEW: One recently completed randomized controlled trial (RCT) demonstrated the effectiveness of a doctor-office collaborative care (DOCC), relative to enhanced usual care (EUC), for pediatric behavior problems and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. In this study, we sought to extend the literature by incorporating a cost-analysis component at the conclusion of the aforementioned trial. To our knowledge, it was the first study to examine whether the DOCC model leads to lower costs of mental health services for children...
March 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317224/pharmacotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-aggression-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-patients-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-comorbid-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-questionnaire-survey-of-571-psychiatrists
#4
Kazuhiko Yamamuro, Noa Tsujii, Toyosaku Ota, Toshifumi Kishimoto, Junzo Iida
AIMS: Both attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are frequently accompanied by serious aggression that requires psychiatric treatment. However, little is known about the experiences psychiatrists have had using pharmacotherapy to treat aggression in patients who have both ASD and ADHD (ASD/ADHD). The purpose of this study was to examine the experiences of Japanese child and adolescent psychiatrists in prescribing medication for aggression in patients with ASD/ADHD...
March 20, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274540/the-effect-of-metilpheniydate-risperidone-and-combination-therapy-on-ecg-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#5
Derya Karpuz, Olgu Hallioglu, Fevziye Toros, Bahar Tasdelen
INTRODUCTION: This study is to investigate ventricular repolarization on electrocardiogram (ECG) in a pediatric population receiving methylphenidate (MPH), risperidone (RIS) and combined therapy. METHODS: A total of 215 patients between 6 and 12years with ADHD/conduct disorder receiving methylphenidate, risperidone and combined therapy for minimum 3months and an untreated ADHD group (n=76) was consecutively included in the study. Twelve lead ECG parameters including mean QT, QTc, T-peak to T-end (TpTe) intervals, TpTe dispersion and TpTe/QT ratio were compared...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273196/family-report-compared-to-clinician-documented-diagnoses-for-psychiatric-conditions-among-hospitalized-children
#6
Stephanie K Doupnik, Chris Feudtner, Steven C Marcus
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric comorbidity is common in pediatric medical and surgical hospitalizations and is associated with worse hospital outcomes. Integrating medical or surgical and psychiatric hospital care depends on accurate estimates of which hospitalized children have psychiatric comorbidity. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a study to determine agreement of family report (FR) and clinician documentation (CD) identification of psychiatric diagnoses in hospitalized children...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265323/bladder-and-bowel-dysfunction-in-children-an-update-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-a-common-but-underdiagnosed-pediatric-problem
#7
REVIEW
Joana Dos Santos, Roberto I Lopes, Martin A Koyle
Bladder and bowel dysfunction (BBD) describes a spectrum of lower urinary symptoms (LUTS) accompanied by fecal elimination issues that manifest primarily by constipation and/or encopresis. This increasingly common entity is a potential cause of significant physical and psychosocial burden for children and families. BBD is commonly associated with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), which at its extreme may lead to renal scarring and kidney failure. Additionally, BBD is frequently seen in children diagnosed with behavioural and neuropsychiatric disorders such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD)...
January 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243096/caregiver-perspective-on-pediatric-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-medication-satisfaction-and-symptom-control
#8
Moshe Fridman, Tobias Banaschewski, Vanja Sikirica, Javier Quintero, M Haim Erder, Kristina S Chen
The caregiver perspective on pediatric attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) study (CAPPA) was a web-based, cross-sectional survey of caregivers of children and adolescents (6-17 years of age) with ADHD and was conducted in 10 European countries. CAPPA included caregiver assessments of global medication satisfaction, global symptom control, and satisfaction with ADHD medication attributes. Overall, 2,326 caregiver responses indicated that their child or adolescent was currently receiving ADHD medication and completed the "off medication" assessment required for inclusion in the present analyses...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229395/transcranial-magnetic-and-direct-current-stimulation-in-children
#9
REVIEW
Mustafa Q Hameed, Sameer C Dhamne, Roman Gersner, Harper L Kaye, Lindsay M Oberman, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Alexander Rotenberg
Promising results in adult neurologic and psychiatric disorders are driving active research into transcranial brain stimulation techniques, particularly transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), in childhood and adolescent syndromes. TMS has realistic utility as an experimental tool tested in a range of pediatric neuropathologies such as perinatal stroke, depression, Tourette syndrome, and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). tDCS has also been tested as a treatment for a number of pediatric neurologic conditions, including ASD, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, epilepsy, and cerebral palsy...
February 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223810/factors-associated-with-caregiver-burden-among-pharmacotherapy-treated-children-adolescents-with-adhd-in-the-caregiver-perspective-on-pediatric-adhd-survey-in-europe
#10
Moshe Fridman, Tobias Banaschewski, Vanja Sikirica, Javier Quintero, M Haim Erder, Kristina S Chen
BACKGROUND: Burden on caregivers of children/adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is multidimensional, but incompletely understood. OBJECTIVE: To analyze caregiver burden across the concepts of work, social/family life, and parental worry/stress, in relation to selected contributing factors. METHODS: The online Caregiver Perspective on Pediatric ADHD survey was fielded in ten European countries. Analysis included children/adolescents (6-17 years) who were receiving/had received ADHD pharmacotherapy in the previous 6 months...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188045/treatment-issues-for-children-with-epilepsy-transitioning-to-adult-care
#11
REVIEW
Rima Nabbout, Carol S Camfield, Danielle M Andrade, Alexis Arzimanoglou, Catherine Chiron, Joyce A Cramer, Jacqueline A French, Eric Kossoff, Marco Mula, Peter R Camfield
This is the third of three papers that summarize the second symposium on Transition in Epilepsies held in Paris in June 2016. This paper focuses on treatment issues that arise during the course of childhood epilepsy and make the process of transition to adult care more complicated. Some AEDs used during childhood, such as stiripentol, vigabatrin, and cannabidiol, are unfamiliar to adult epilepsy specialists. In addition, new drugs are being developed for treatment of specific childhood onset epilepsy syndromes and have no indication yet for adults...
February 7, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186315/sleep-study-in-disruptive-mood-dysregulation-disorder-and-bipolar-children
#12
Xavier Estrada-Prat, Ion Álvarez-Guerrico, María J Bleda-Hernández, Ester Camprodon-Rosanas, Santiago Batlle-Vila, Elena Pujals-Altes, María T Nascimento-Osorio, Luís M Martín-López, Enric Álvarez-Martínez, Víctor Pérez-Solá, Soledad Romero-Cela
INTRODUCTION: Decreased need for sleep has been proposed as a core symptom of mania and it has been associated with the pathogenesis of Bipolar Disorder. The emergence of Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD) as a new diagnostic has been controversial and much has been speculated about its relationship with the bipolar spectrum. REM sleep fragmentation could be a biomarker of affective disorders and it would help us to differentiate them from other disorders. METHOD: Polysomnographic cross-sectional study of children with DMDD, bipolar disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)...
January 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181385/hemodynamic-profile-and-behavioral-characteristics-during-induction-of-anesthesia-in-pediatric-patients-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#13
Richard S Cartabuke, Joseph D Tobias, Julie Rice, Dmitry Tumin
AIM: There is no consensus regarding the administration of stimulant drugs preoperatively, particularly in pediatric patients diagnosed with ADHD. The primary objective of the current study was to assess differences in blood pressure and heart rate before and after induction of anesthesia between patients on chronic amphetamine or methylphenidate therapy who receive their normal dose preoperatively compared to patients in whom the prescribed medication was withheld. Secondary objectives were to assess the anxiety level during the induction of anesthesia and the effect of premedication with midazolam...
February 8, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159094/socioeconomic-impact-of-pediatric-sleep-disorders
#14
REVIEW
Kin M Yuen, Rafael Pelayo
Pediatric disorders tend to affect the immediate support unit, adults and children. High costs for direct consumption of medical care are offset by early diagnosis and treatment of pediatric sleep disorders. Pediatric sleep disorders are underdiagnosed and undertreated. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder may result from insufficient or fragmented sleep. Delaying school start time resulted in decreased car crashes in teen drivers and improved mood.
March 2017: Sleep Medicine Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145641/prevalence-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-its-comorbidity-among-korean-children-in-a-community-population
#15
Moon Jung Kim, Inho Park, Myung Ho Lim, Ki Chung Paik, Sungja Cho, Ho Jang Kwon, Sang Gyu Lee, Seung Jin Yoo, Mina Ha
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorders (ADHD) in children according to socio-demographic factors and the distribution of ADHD subtypes in a community in Korea. A screening survey using the Korean version of ADHD Rating Scale (K-ARS) was conducted between 2007 and 2008, and clinical interviews by a pediatric psychiatrist were performed for selected children between 2009 and 2010. A total of 49,573 elementary school students, between ages of 7 and 12, constituted the target population, among which 38,365 students (77...
March 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141724/inattentive-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-stimulant-medication-and-weight-loss-in-a-15-year-old-girl-are-we-enabling-the-development-of-an-eating-disorder
#16
Sai Iyer, Maya Kumar, Michael I Reiff, Martin T Stein
Nicole is a 15-year-old girl presenting to the Developmental Behavioral Pediatrics Clinic with symptoms of the inattentive type of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and declining school performance over the last year. She expressed frustration over her inability to concentrate on schoolwork. Assuming that her poor grades were secondary to lack of effort, her parents withdrew privileges. Nicole became increasingly depressed. She stopped participating in activities, she previously enjoyed, and her parents reported that she stopped singing in the shower...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141706/attached-to-a-diagnosis-the-quandary-of-social-deficits-and-reactive-attachment-disorder
#17
Randall Phelps, Debra Eisert, Susan Schulz, Marilyn Augustyn
Alex is a 9-year-old boy brought to you, his primary care provider, for a "fifth opinion." You have cared for Alex since he was adopted from a Romanian orphanage at 3 years of age. He has been physically healthy with normal growth parameters and no evidence of fetal alcohol syndrome. Alex has long-standing history of social difficulties, impulsivity, lying, controlling, manipulative behaviors, violent outbursts at home with subsequent lack of remorse, and excessive chatter. You referred Alex to an interdisciplinary child development clinic 2 years ago, where he was diagnosed with reactive attachment disorder (RAD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135186/physician-office-visits-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-aged-4-17-years-united-states-2012-2013
#18
Micheal Albert, Pinyao Rui, Jill J Ashman
Data from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey •During 2012-2013, an estimated annual average of 6.1 million physician office visits were made by children aged 4-17 years with a primary diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). •The ADHD visit rate among children aged 4-17 years was more than twice as high for boys (147 per 1,000 boys) as for girls (62 per 1,000 girls). •Central nervous system stimulant medications were provided, prescribed, or continued at about 80% of ADHD visits among children aged 4-17 years...
January 2017: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093821/decreasing-rates-of-pediatric-bipolar-within-an-outpatient-practice
#19
Daniel Wesemann
PROBLEM: Pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD) prevalence is estimated to be 1-3%. Nationally and internationally, rates of PBD have increased by over 400%. However, in Iowa and at one psychiatric clinic in Iowa, from 2008-2013, there was a decrease in PBD diagnosis of 33 and 51.2% respectively. This study examined the diagnosing practices of PBD by local providers in one outpatient mental health center. METHOD: Parents completed a screening packet to differentiate between PBD and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using three tools: Child Mania Rating Scale (CMRS), Child Behavior Checklist-Mania Scale (CBCL-MS), and the NICHQ Vanderbilt...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074407/youth-views-on-communication-about-adhd-and-medication-adherence
#20
Betsy Sleath, Delesha M Carpenter, Robyn Sayner, Kathleen Thomas, Larry Mann, Adam Sage, Sandra H Sulzer, Adrian D Sandler
The purpose of this study was to examine youth perceptions of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) communication with their pediatric providers, their reported adherence to their ADHD medications, and their desired location for an ADHD educational program. Youth ages 7 through 17 with an ADHD diagnosis were recruited. A research associate interviewed the youth. Parents completed demographic questionnaires. Seventy families participated. One-third of the youth wanted more discussion about ADHD with their providers during visits...
January 10, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
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