keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pediatric ADHD

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425688/pediatric-epilepsy-and-psychiatric-comorbidity-preliminary-observational-data-from-a-prospective-study
#1
Michela Gatta, Alessia Raffagnato, Stefania Mannarini, Laura Balottin, Irene Toldo, Marilena Vecchi, Clementina Boniver
BACKGROUND: Several studies have confirmed psychiatric comorbidity and a worse quality of life in children with epilepsy, but the clinical assessment and monitoring of these patients often pays insufficient attention to their psychological aspects alongside their neurological issues. The present study aims to describe the distribution of psychopathologies and their clinical evolution over 18 months in a sample of children followed up since the onset of their epilepsy. METHODS: After being diagnosed with epilepsy, 49 subjects (age 4-18y) were followed up with psychiatric and psychological assessments based on the use of dimensional and categorical psychometric tools...
April 20, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413441/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-among-ugandan-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Joan Wamulugwa, Angelina Kakooza, Sabrina Bakeera Kitaka, Joyce Nalugya, Mark Kaddumukasa, Shirley Moore, Martha Sajatovic, Elly Katabira
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neuropsychiatric disorder among the children. The burden of ADHD or its associated factors in Uganda are not known. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and the associated factors of ADHD among children attending the neurology and psychiatry clinics at Mulago National Referral Hospital. METHODS: Using the disruptive behavior scale (45 items), we investigated the presence of ADHD symptoms among children attending Mulago Hospital...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409230/binocular-rivalry-transitions-predict-inattention-symptom-severity-in-adult-adhd
#3
Aiste Jusyte, Natalia Zaretskaya, Nina Maria Höhnle, Andreas Bartels, Michael Schönenberg
Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent childhood disorder that is often maintained throughout the development and persists into adulthood. Established etiology models suggest that deficient inhibition underlies the core ADHD symptoms. While experimental evidence for impaired motor inhibition is overwhelming, little is known about the sensory inhibition processes, their changes throughout the development, and the relationship to ADHD symptoms. Here, we used the well-established binocular rivalry (BR) paradigm to investigate for the very first time the inhibitory processes related to visual perception in adults with ADHD...
April 13, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408828/access-to-diagnosis-treatment-and-supportive-services-among-pharmacotherapy-treated-children-adolescents-with-adhd-in-europe-data-from-the-caregiver-perspective-on-pediatric-adhd-survey
#4
Moshe Fridman, Tobias Banaschewski, Vanja Sikirica, Javier Quintero, Kristina S Chen
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood psychiatric disorders and negatively impacts caregivers' lives. Factors including barriers to accessing care, dissatisfaction with support services, and lack of caregiver resources may contribute to this. OBJECTIVES: To report caregivers' experiences of ADHD diagnosis, behavioral therapy (BT), and supportive care for children/adolescents with ADHD. METHODS: The Caregiver Perspective on Pediatric ADHD (CAPPA) survey included caregivers of children/adolescents (6-17 years) from ten European countries who were currently receiving/had received ADHD pharmacotherapy in the previous 6 months...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408002/economic-burden-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-among-pediatric-patients-in-the-united-states
#5
Komal Gupte-Singh, Rakesh R Singh, Kenneth A Lawson
OBJECTIVES: To determine the adjusted incremental total costs (direct and indirect) for patients (aged 3-17 years) with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and the differences in the adjusted incremental direct expenditures with respect to age groups (preschoolers, 0-5 years; children, 6-11 years; and adolescents, 12-17 years). METHODS: The 2011 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey was used as the data source. The ADHD cohort consisted of patients aged 0 to 17 years with a diagnosis of ADHD, whereas the non-ADHD cohort consisted of subjects in the same age range without a diagnosis of ADHD...
April 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407363/de-novo-unbalanced-translocation-4p-duplication-8p-deletion-in-a-patient-with-autism-ocd-and-overgrowth-syndrome
#6
Angela Sagar, Dalila Pinto, Fedra Najjar, Stephen J Guter, Carol Macmillan, Edwin H Cook
Chromosomal abnormalities, such as unbalanced translocations and copy number variants (CNVs), are found in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) [Sanders et al. () Neuron 70: 863-885]. Many chromosomal abnormalities, including sub microscopic genomic deletions and duplications, are missed by G-banded karyotyping or Fragile X screening alone and are picked up by chromosomal microarrays [Shen et al. () Pediatrics 125: e727-735]. Translocations involving chromosomes 4 and 8 are possibly the second most frequent translocation in humans and are often undetected in routine cytogenetics [Giglio et al...
April 13, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402139/long-term-open-label-safety-study-of-edivoxetine-monotherapy-in-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#7
Emel Serap Monkul Nery, Mark Bangs, Peng Liu, Jonna Ahl, David Perahia
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the long-term safety and tolerability of edivoxetine, a selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor, which was being developed as monotherapy in pediatric attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: This was an open-label study of edivoxetine once daily dosing (0.1-0.3 mg/kg) as treatment for ADHD in children (6-11 years) and adolescents (12-17 years) to assess safety for up to 5 years. The safety assessments included the incidence of adverse events, vital signs, electrocardiograms, laboratory tests, percentile changes in weight, height, and body mass index, and Tanner staging...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377198/pediatrician-maintenance-of-certification-using-american-board-of-pediatrics-performance-improvement-modules
#8
Marina Arvanitis, Neal A deJong, Laurel K Leslie, Darren A DeWalt, Gregory D Randolph, Kori B Flower
BACKGROUND: From 2010-2014, pediatricians completed Part 4 Maintenance of Certification (MOC) through practice- or organization-developed quality improvement (QI) activities approved by the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP). Organization-developed activities were online modules, such as the ABP's Performance Improvement Modules (PIMs), through which pediatricians implemented QI strategies in practice, and reported quality measures. OBJECTIVES: Aim 1) Assess the proportion of pediatricians who completed practice- vs organization-developed QI activities for Part 4 MOC, and test the relationship between activities and pediatrician demographics...
April 1, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371946/-qualit%C3%A3-tsmessung-bei-der-behandlung-von-kindern-und-jugendlichen-mit-entwicklungsst%C3%A3-rungen-eine-machbarkeitsstudie-am-beispiel-adhs
#9
Marta Ulusoy, Peter Borusiak, Karin A Hameister, Max Geraedts
The question of a possible presence of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is raised with increasing frequency in pediatric practice. There are guidelines and expert recommendations for diagnostic approaches. But there are no instruments available to evaluate the structural, process and outcome quality. In this pilot study, a set of quality indicators on the treatment quality of ADHD was analyzed in terms of their feasibility in tertiary referral centers.A set of 39 quality indicators (QI) on ADHD developed in advance in a multistage procedure was assessed at 9 tertiary referral centers, with a focus on process verifiability and feasibility...
April 3, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369788/model-based-approach-for-optimizing-study-design-and-clinical-drug-performances-of-extended-release-formulations-of-methylphenidate-for-the-treatment-of-adhd
#10
R Gomeni, Fmm Bressolle-Gomeni, T J Spencer, S V Faraone, L Fang, A Babiskin
Methylphenidate (MPH) is currently used to treat children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Several extended-release (ER) formulations characterized by a dual release process were developed to improve efficacy over an extended duration. In this study, a model-based approach using literature data was developed to: a) evaluate the most efficient pharmacokinetic (PK) model to characterize the complex PK profile of MPH ER formulations; b) provide PK endpoint metrics for comparing ER formulations; c) define criteria for optimizing development of ER formulations using a convolution-based model linking in-vitro release, in-vivo release and hour-by-hour behavioral ratings of ADHD symptoms; and d) define an optimized trial design for assessing the activity of MPH in pediatric populations...
March 29, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368271/consensus-statement-of-the-indian-academy-of-pediatrics-on-evaluation-and-management-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#11
Samir Dalwai, Jeeson Unni, Veena Kalra, Pratibha Singhi, Leena Shrivastava, M K C Nair
JUSTIFICATION: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a highly prevalent in children worldwide. Management of ADHD requires a systematic, multidisciplinary approach and thereby, evidence-based, standardized national guidelines are essential. PROCESS: A meeting for formulation of national consensus guidelines on neurodevelopmental disorders was organized by Indian Academy of Pediatrics in Mumbai, on 18th and 19th December, 2015. The invited experts included Pediatricians, Developmental Pediatricians, Pediatric Neurologists, Psychiatrists, Remedial Educators and Clinical Psychologists...
March 29, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345734/-restless-legs-syndrome-in-patients-diagnosed-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#12
C Castano-De la Mota, N Moreno-Acero, R Losada-Del Pozo, V Soto-Insuga, A Perez-Villena, C Rodriguez-Fernandez, F Martin-Del Valle, M Pons-Rodriguez
INTRODUCTION: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common neurological disease. RLS has been linked to various psychiatric disorders, especially with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). AIMS: The main objective was to describe the frequency of RLS in pediatric patients diagnosed with ADHD. Secondary objectives of the study were describe other sleep disorders in ADHD patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A multicentre prospective study was conducted in nine Spanish centers...
April 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345402/clinical-and-functional-correlates-of-processing-speed-in-pediatric-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Nathan E Cook, Ellen B Braaten, Craig B H Surman
It is well established that processing speed is negatively impacted in children and adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Unfortunately, exactly how processing speed vulnerabilities manifest in daily functioning has not been well established. To support clinical care of youth with ADHD, it is important to better understand the functional consequences and relevant outcomes associated with processing speed deficits. This systematic review and meta-analysis sought to identify the association between processing speed and clinical or functional correlates among children or adolescents diagnosed with ADHD...
March 27, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335872/cognitive-impairment-in-euthymic-pediatric-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Liana R Elias, Kamilla W Miskowiak, Antônio M O Vale, Cristiano A Köhler, Hanne L Kjærstad, Brendon Stubbs, Lars V Kessing, Eduard Vieta, Michael Maes, Benjamin I Goldstein, André F Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies investigating neurocognition in euthymic youths with bipolar disorder (BD) compared to healthy controls (HCs). METHOD: A systematic literature search was conducted in the PubMed/MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and EMBASE databases from inception up until March 23, 2016, for original peer-reviewed articles that investigated neurocognition in euthymic youths with BD compared to HCs. Effect sizes (ES) for individual tests were extracted...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333546/pharmacokinetics-and-safety-of-vortioxetine-in-pediatric-patients
#15
Robert L Findling, Adelaide S Robb, Melissa DelBello, Michael Huss, Nora McNamara, Elias Sarkis, Russell Scheffer, Lis H Poulsen, Grace Chen, Ole Michael Lemming, Johan Areberg, Philippe Auby
OBJECTIVE: The primary objectives of this study were to evaluate the pharmacokinetics (PK) and tolerability of single and multiple doses of vortioxetine in children and adolescents with a depressive or anxiety disorder and to provide supportive information for appropriate dosing regimens for pediatric clinical trials. METHODS: This prospective, open-label, multinational, multisite, multiple-dose trial enrolled 48 patients (children and adolescents; 1:1 ratio) divided into 8 cohorts (4 adolescent and 4 child), with each cohort including 6 patients...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317224/pharmacotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-aggression-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-patients-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-comorbid-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-questionnaire-survey-of-571-psychiatrists
#16
Kazuhiko Yamamuro, Noa Tsujii, Toyosaku Ota, Toshifumi Kishimoto, Junzo Iida
AIMS: Both attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are frequently accompanied by serious aggression that requires psychiatric treatment. However, little is known about the experiences psychiatrists have had using pharmacotherapy to treat aggression in patients who have both ASD and ADHD (ASD/ADHD). The purpose of this study was to examine the experiences of Japanese child and adolescent psychiatrists in prescribing medication for aggression in patients with ASD/ADHD...
March 20, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286355/the-moderating-role-of-body-dissatisfaction-in-the-relationship-between-adhd-symptoms-and-disordered-eating-in-pediatric-overweight-and-obesity
#17
Marissa A Gowey, Sarah Stromberg, Crystal S Lim, David M Janicke
BACKGROUND: Identifying factors linked to disordered eating in overweight and obesity (OV/OB) may provide a better understanding of youth at risk for disordered eating. This project examined whether ADHD symptoms and body dissatisfaction were associated with disordered eating. METHODS: ADHD symptoms, disordered eating, and body dissatisfaction were assessed in 220 youth ages 7-12 who were OV/OB. RESULTS: Multiple linear regressions showed that body dissatisfaction and ADHD symptoms were associated with disordered eating...
2017: Children's Health Care: Journal of the Association for the Care of Children's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274540/the-effect-of-metilpheniydate-risperidone-and-combination-therapy-on-ecg-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#18
Derya Karpuz, Olgu Hallioglu, Fevziye Toros, Bahar Tasdelen
INTRODUCTION: This study is to investigate ventricular repolarization on electrocardiogram (ECG) in a pediatric population receiving methylphenidate (MPH), risperidone (RIS) and combined therapy. METHODS: A total of 215 patients between 6 and 12years with ADHD/conduct disorder receiving methylphenidate, risperidone and combined therapy for minimum 3months and an untreated ADHD group (n=76) was consecutively included in the study. Twelve lead ECG parameters including mean QT, QTc, T-peak to T-end (TpTe) intervals, TpTe dispersion and TpTe/QT ratio were compared...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271921/parent-based-diagnosis-of-adhd-is-as-accurate-as-a-teacher-based-diagnosis-of-adhd
#19
REVIEW
Adam Bied, Joseph Biederman, Stephen Faraone
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature evaluating the psychometric properties of parent and teacher informants relative to a gold-standard ADHD diagnosis in pediatric populations. METHOD: We included studies that included both a parent and teacher informant, a gold-standard diagnosis, and diagnostic accuracy metrics. Potential confounds were evaluated. We also assessed the 'OR' and the 'AND' rules for combining informant reports. RESULTS: Eight articles met inclusion criteria...
April 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265323/bladder-and-bowel-dysfunction-in-children-an-update-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-a-common-but-underdiagnosed-pediatric-problem
#20
REVIEW
Joana Dos Santos, Roberto I Lopes, Martin A Koyle
Bladder and bowel dysfunction (BBD) describes a spectrum of lower urinary symptoms (LUTS) accompanied by fecal elimination issues that manifest primarily by constipation and/or encopresis. This increasingly common entity is a potential cause of significant physical and psychosocial burden for children and families. BBD is commonly associated with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), which at its extreme may lead to renal scarring and kidney failure. Additionally, BBD is frequently seen in children diagnosed with behavioural and neuropsychiatric disorders such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD)...
January 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
keyword
keyword
77356
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"