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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667028/a-review-of-commercial-and-medical-grade-physiological-monitoring-devices-for-biofeedback-assisted-quality-of-life-improvement-studies
#1
Pedro Nogueira, Joana Urbano, Luís Paulo Reis, Henrique Lopes Cardoso, Daniel Castro Silva, Ana Paula Rocha, Joaquim Gonçalves, Brígida Mónica Faria
With the rise in wearable technology and "health culture", we are seeing an increasing interest and affordances in studying how to not only prolong life expectancy but also in how to improve individuals' quality of life. On the one hand, this attempts to give meaning to the increasing life expectancy, as living above a certain threshold of pain and lack of autonomy or mobility is both degrading and unfair. On the other hand, it lowers the cost of continuous care, as individuals with high quality of life indexes tend to have lower hospital readmissions or secondary complications, not to mention higher physical and mental health...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666750/tweet-success-scientific-communication-correlates-with-increased-citations-in-ecology-and-conservation
#2
Clayton T Lamb, Sophie L Gilbert, Adam T Ford
Science communication is seen as critical for the disciplines of ecology and conservation, where research products are often used to shape policy and decision making. Scientists are increasing their online media communication, via social media and news. Such media engagement has been thought to influence or predict traditional metrics of scholarship, such as citation rates. Here, we measure the association between citation rates and the Altmetric Attention Score-an indicator of the amount and reach of the attention an article has received-along with other forms of bibliometric performance (year published, journal impact factor, and article type)...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666201/guidelines-for-conducting-epidemiological-studies-of-blast-injury
#3
Dan Bieler, I Cernak, L Martineau, S Bjarnason, A Franke, E Kirkman, M J Leggieri, H Orru, S Ouellet, M Philippens, M G Risling, J-C Sarron, S Skriudalen, J A Teland, S Watts, R Gupta
Blast injuries are often caused by more than one mechanism, do not occur in isolation, and typically elicit a secondary multi-system response. Research efforts often do not separate blast injuries caused by blast waves from those caused by blunt force trauma and other mechanisms. 15 experts from nine different NATO nations developed in the HFM Research Task Group (RTG; HFM-234 (RTG)) 'Environmental Toxicology of Blast Exposures: Injury Metrics, Modelling, Methods and Standards' Guidelines for Conducting Epidemiological Studies of Blast Injury...
April 17, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666127/associations-of-smoking-and-alcohol-consumption-with-healthy-ageing-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-longitudinal-studies
#4
Christina Daskalopoulou, Brendon Stubbs, Carolina Kralj, Artemis Koukounari, Martin Prince, A Matthew Prina
OBJECTIVES: The number of older people is growing across the world; however, quantitative synthesis of studies examining the impact of lifestyle factors on the ageing process is rare. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies to synthesise the associations of smoking and alcohol consumption with healthy ageing (HA). METHODS: Major electronic databases were searched from inception to March 2017 (prospectively registered systematic reviews registration number CRD42016038130)...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665998/lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-including-bladder-outlet-obstruction-what-s-new-in-diagnostics
#5
REVIEW
Stavros Gravas, Iason Kyriazis, Adam P Klausner
It is well known that lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) have a multifactorial etiology. Therefore, there is an increased need for improved diagnostics for the optimal assessment of patients with LUTS in order to identify the various causes of symptoms and improve disease phenotyping. Research has focused on the development of improved urodynamic technologies and the development of noninvasive tests that could replace urodynamic studies. This mini-review will present the most recently published studies on the topic including new technologies in the diagnosis of bladder outlet obstruction, novel metrics for bladder sensation, analysis of filling phase rhythm, measurement of detrusor wall tension, and brain imaging during urodynamic studies...
April 14, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665481/estimation-of-2d-to-3d-dimensions-and-proportionality-indices-for-facial-examination
#6
Rubén Martos, Andrea Valsecchi, Oscar Ibáñez, Inmaculada Alemán
Photo-anthropometry is a metric-based facial image comparison technique where measurements of the face are taken from an image using predetermined facial landmarks. In particular, dimensions and proportionality indices (DPIs) are compared to DPIs from another facial image. Different studies concluded that photo-anthropometric facial comparison, as it is currently practiced, is unsuitable for elimination purposes. The major limitation is the need for images acquired under very restrictive, controlled conditions...
April 3, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662443/emotion-regulation-and-complex-brain-networks-association-between-expressive-suppression-and-efficiency-in-the-fronto-parietal-network-and-default-mode-network
#7
Junhao Pan, Liying Zhan, ChuanLin Hu, Junkai Yang, Cong Wang, Li Gu, Shengqi Zhong, Yingyu Huang, Qian Wu, Xiaolin Xie, Qijin Chen, Hui Zhou, Miner Huang, Xiang Wu
Emotion regulation (ER) refers to the "implementation of a conscious or non-conscious goal to start, stop or otherwise modulate the trajectory of an emotion" (Etkin et al., 2015). Whereas multiple brain areas have been found to be involved in ER, relatively little is known about whether and how ER is associated with the global functioning of brain networks. Recent advances in brain connectivity research using graph-theory based analysis have shown that the brain can be organized into complex networks composed of functionally or structurally connected brain areas...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661751/comparison-of-online-survey-recruitment-platforms-for-hard-to-reach-pregnant-smoking-populations-feasibility-study
#8
Jose Luis Ibarra, Jessica Marie Agas, Melissa Lee, Julia Lily Pan, Alison Meredith Buttenheim
BACKGROUND: Recruiting hard-to-reach populations for health research is challenging. Web-based platforms offer one way to recruit specific samples for research purposes, but little is known about the feasibility of online recruitment and the representativeness and comparability of samples recruited through different Web-based platforms. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to determine the feasibility of recruiting a hard-to-reach population (pregnant smokers) using 4 different Web-based platforms and to compare participants recruited through each platform...
April 16, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661747/patient-continued-use-of-online-health-care-communities-web-mining-of-patient-doctor-communication
#9
Bing Wu
BACKGROUND: In practice, online health communities have passed the adoption stage and reached the diffusion phase of development. In this phase, patients equipped with knowledge regarding the issues involved in health care are capable of switching between different communities to maximize their online health community activities. Online health communities employ doctors to answer patient questions, and high quality online health communities are more likely to be acknowledged by patients...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661436/model-for-end-stage-liver-disease-score-before-hepatic-transplantation-and-root-mean-square-of-the-diaphragmatic-domes-affect-postoperative-extubation-time
#10
R P Duarte, A M O da Silva, R M Tonella, L S R Ratti, I F S F Boin
INTRODUCTION: The liver transplantation procedure, in addition to its prolonged surgical time, also predisposes to complications such as changes in respiratory mechanics, lung volumes, and gas exchange. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to verify if clinical factors related to the recipient, namely immediate pretransplant Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score, surgical time, and root square metric (RMS) of the diaphragmatic domes, affect the extubation time after liver transplantation...
April 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659792/tracking-the-ngs-revolution-managing-life-science-research-on-shared-high-performance-computing-clusters
#11
Martin Dahlö, Douglas G Scofield, Wesley Schaal, Ola Spjuth
Background: Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) has transformed the life sciences and many research groups are newly dependent upon computer clusters to store and analyse large datasets. This creates challenges for e-infrastructures accustomed to hosting computationally mature research in other sciences. Using data gathered from our own clusters at UPPMAX computing centre at Uppsala University, Sweden, where core hours usage by ∼800 NGS and ∼200 non-NGS projects is now similar, we compare and contrast the growth, administrative burden and cluster usage of NGS projects with projects from other sciences...
April 5, 2018: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659415/functional-status-change-among-children-with-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-to-support-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-a-pediatric-cardiac-icu-a-single-institution-report
#12
Asaad G Beshish, Mathew R Baginski, Thomas J Johnson, Barry K Deatrick, Ryan P Barbaro, Gabe E Owens
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to describe the functional status of survivors from extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation instituted during in-hospital cardiac arrest using the Functional Status Scale. We aimed to determine risk factors leading to the development of new morbidity and unfavorable functional outcomes. DESIGN: This was a single-center retrospective chart review abstracting patient characteristics/demographic data, duration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, duration of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support, as well as maximum lactate levels within 2 hours before and after extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation...
April 13, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659341/impediments-to-effective-altruism-the-role-of-subjective-preferences-in-charitable-giving
#13
Jonathan Z Berman, Alixandra Barasch, Emma E Levine, Deborah A Small
Charity could do the most good if every dollar donated went to causes that produced the greatest welfare gains. In line with this proposition, the effective-altruism movement seeks to provide individuals with information regarding the effectiveness of charities in hopes that they will contribute to organizations that maximize the social return of their donation. In this research, we investigated the extent to which presenting effectiveness information leads people to choose more effective charities. We found that even when effectiveness information is made easily comparable across options, it has a limited impact on choice...
April 1, 2018: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658846/tobacco-free-policies-and-tobacco-cessation-systems-at-health-centers-serving-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-clients
#14
Joseph G L Lee, Megan E DeMarco, Matthew R Beymer, Chelsea L Shover, Robert K Bolan
PURPOSE: LGBT populations have high rates of tobacco use. Health centers serving LGBT clients are an important source of care. The researchers aimed to assess the implementation of recommended systems-level tobacco cessation interventions at these health centers. METHODS: Using systematic searching, directories, and expert review, we identified health centers serving LGBT clients that provide primary care. We conducted phone-based, semi-structured interviews with administrators (n = 11) between September 2016 and March 2017 regarding implementation of the Clinical Practice Guideline, Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence: 2008 Update (the Guideline)...
April 16, 2018: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657856/collaborative-academic-medical-product-development-an-8-year-review-of-commercialization-outcomes-at-the-institute-of-translational-health-sciences
#15
Lynn M Rose, Fiona Wills, Connie Bourassa-Shaw, Terri L Butler, Jeanette Griscavage Ennis, Kim Emmons, Patrick Shelby, Meher Antia, Kim Folger Bruce
Introduction: The Institute of Translational Health Sciences (ITHS), a Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA)-funded program at the University of Washington (UW), established the Drug and Device Advisory Committee (DDAC) to provide product-specific scientific and regulatory mentoring to investigators seeking to translate their discoveries into medical products. An 8-year retrospective analysis was undertaken to evaluate the impact of the DDAC programs on commercialization metrics...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657855/developing-sustainable-research-careers-for-kl2-scholars-the-importance-of-an-inclusive-environment-and-mentorship
#16
Carrie L Byington, Erin Rothwell, Trent Matheson, Rebecca Childs, Erin Wachs, Ruben Rocha, Maureen Murtaugh, David Turok, Anthea Letsou, Julie Shakib, Rachel Hess, Willard Dere
Introduction: The National Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA) Consortium 2.0 has developed common metrics as a collaborative project for all participating sites. Metrics address several important aspects and functions of the consortium, including workforce development. The first workforce development metrics to be proposed for all CTSA hubs include the proportion of CTSA-supported trainees and scholars with sustainable careers in translational research and the diversity and inclusiveness of programs...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657854/targeted-drug-discovery-and-development-from-molecular-signaling-to-the-global-market-an-educational-program-at-new-york-university-5-year-metrics
#17
Gloria Lee, Joseph Plaksin, Ravichandran Ramasamy, Gabrielle Gold-von Simson
Drug discovery and development (DDD) is a collaborative, dynamic process of great interest to researchers, but an area where there is a lack of formal training. The Drug Development Educational Program (DDEP) at New York University was created in 2012 to stimulate an improved, multidisciplinary DDD workforce by educating early stage scientists as well as a variety of other like-minded students. The first course of the program emphasizes post-compounding aspects of DDD; the second course focuses on molecular signaling pathways...
2018: Journal of Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656848/the-discipline-of-epidemiology-engaging-in-the-full-breadth-of-population-health-science
#18
EDITORIAL
Harold I Feldman
This address was delivered by Harold I. Feldman, MD, MSCE, at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Epidemiology in New Orleans, Louisiana, on September 26, 2017. Dr. Feldman is George S. Pepper Professor of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Professor of Epidemiology and Medicine, and Chair, Department of Biostatistics, Epidemiology, and Informatics at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. He is recognized nationally and internationally for his expertise in kidney disease epidemiology...
March 21, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653199/high-agreement-was-obtained-across-scores-from-multiple-equated-scales-for-social-anxiety-disorder-using-item-response-theory
#19
Matthew Sunderland, Philip Batterham, Alison Calear, Natacha Carragher, Andrew Baillie, Tim Slade
OBJECTIVE: There is no standardized approach to the measurement of social anxiety. Researchers and clinicians are faced with numerous self-report scales with varying strengths, weaknesses, and psychometric properties. The lack of standardization makes it difficult to compare scores across populations that utilise different scales. Item response theory offers one solution to this problem via equating different scales using an anchor scale to set a standardized metric. This study is the first to equate several scales for social anxiety disorder...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652866/optimizing-the-energy-and-throughput-of-a-water-quality-monitoring-system
#20
Segun O Olatinwo, Trudi-H Joubert
This work presents a new approach to the maximization of energy and throughput in a wireless sensor network (WSN), with the intention of applying the approach to water-quality monitoring. Water-quality monitoring using WSN technology has become an interesting research area. Energy scarcity is a critical issue that plagues the widespread deployment of WSN systems. Different power supplies, harvesting energy from sustainable sources, have been explored. However, when energy-efficient models are not put in place, energy harvesting based WSN systems may experience an unstable energy supply, resulting in an interruption in communication, and low system throughput...
April 13, 2018: Sensors
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