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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474321/evaluation-of-icu-risk-models-adapted-for-use-as-continuous-markers-of-severity-of-illness-throughout-the-icu-stay
#1
Omar Badawi, Xinggang Liu, Erkan Hassan, Pamela J Amelung, Sunil Swami
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the accuracy of different ICU risk models repurposed as continuous markers of severity of illness. DESIGN: Nonintervention cohort study. SETTING: eICU Research Institute ICUs using tele-ICU software calculating continuous ICU Discharge Readiness Scores between January 2013 and March 2016. PATIENTS: Five hundred sixty-one thousand four hundred seventy-eight adult ICU patients with an ICU length of stay between 4 hours and 30 days...
March 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474218/an-evaluation-of-output-signal-to-noise-ratio-as-a-predictor-of-cochlear-implant-speech-intelligibility
#2
Greg D Watkins, Brett A Swanson, Gregg J Suaning
OBJECTIVES: Cochlear implant (CI) sound processing strategies are usually evaluated in clinical studies involving experienced implant recipients. Metrics which estimate the capacity to perceive speech for a given set of audio and processing conditions provide an alternative means to assess the effectiveness of processing strategies. The aim of this research was to assess the ability of the output signal to noise ratio (OSNR) to accurately predict speech perception. It was hypothesized that compared with the other metrics evaluated in this study (1) OSNR would have equivalent or better accuracy and (2) OSNR would be the most accurate in the presence of variable levels of speech presentation...
February 22, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471736/incursions-from-the-epicentre-southern-theory-social-science-and-the-global-hiv-research-domain
#3
Rebecca Hodes, Robert Morrell
Research about HIV constitutes a global domain of academic knowledge. The patterns that structure this domain reflect inequalities in the production and dissemination of knowledge, as well as broader inequalities in geopolitics. Conventional metrics for assessing the value and impact of academic research reveal that "Northern" research remains dominant, while "Southern" research remains peripheral. Southern theory provides a framework for greater critical engagement with knowledge produced by researchers within the global South...
February 22, 2018: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468742/dog-introduction-alters-the-home-dust-microbiota
#4
Alexandra Sitarik, Suzanne Havstad, Albert Levin, Susan V Lynch, Kei Fujimura, Dennis Ownby, Christine Johnson, Ganesa Wegienka
Research has largely reported that dog exposure is associated with reduced allergic disease risk. Responsible mechanism(s) are not understood. The goal was to investigate whether introducing a dog into the home changes the home's dust microbiota. Families without dogs or cats planning to adopt a dog and those who were not were recruited. Dust samples were collected from the homes at recruitment and 12 months later. Microbiota composition and taxa (V4 region of the 16S rRNA gene) were compared between homes that did and did not adopt a dog...
February 22, 2018: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466632/the-influence-of-habitat-structure-on-fish-assemblages-in-amazonian-streams-of-machado-river-basin
#5
Igor David da Costa, Vanessa Rocha
Igarapés are Amazonian streams that are extremely susceptible to environmental changes. Due to the rapidly occurring riparian land use changes, and the several impacts these may have on fish assemblages, it is highly valuable to describe and understand the current relationships between these assemblages and the local environmental conditions, especially in barely know areas. In this research, we studied the taxonomic composition and fish assemblage attributes variation in three streams with different riparian conservation conditions: forest, intermediate and pasture...
March 2017: Revista de Biología Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465749/systematic-review-of-measurement-tools-to-assess-surgeons-intraoperative-cognitive-workload
#6
REVIEW
R D Dias, M C Ngo-Howard, M T Boskovski, M A Zenati, S J Yule
BACKGROUND: Surgeons in the operating theatre deal constantly with high-demand tasks that require simultaneous processing of a large amount of information. In certain situations, high cognitive load occurs, which may impact negatively on a surgeon's performance. This systematic review aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the different methods used to assess surgeons' cognitive load, and a critique of the reliability and validity of current assessment metrics. METHODS: A search strategy encompassing MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, PsycINFO, ACM Digital Library, IEEE Xplore, PROSPERO and the Cochrane database was developed to identify peer-reviewed articles published from inception to November 2016...
February 21, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462281/linking-hospital-patient-records-for-suspected-or-established-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-a-complex-secondary-care-system-a-proof-of-concept-e-registry-in-nhs-scotland
#7
Iain Findlay, Tamsin Morris, Ruiqi Zhang, Colin McCowan, Sarah Shield, Brian Forbes, Alex McConnachie, Kenneth Mangion, Colin Berry
Aims: To implement secondary care electronic record linkage for patients hospitalised with suspected or known acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in a complex regional healthcare system and evaluate this e-Registry in terms of patterns of service delivery and 1-year outcomes. Methods and Results: Existing electronic hospital records were linked to create episodes of care using (1) a patient administration system, (2) invasive cardiovascular procedure referrals and (3) a catheter laboratory record...
February 16, 2018: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459838/characterizing-and-measuring-maliciousness-for-cybersecurity-risk-assessment
#8
REVIEW
Zoe M King, Diane S Henshel, Liberty Flora, Mariana G Cains, Blaine Hoffman, Char Sample
Cyber attacks have been increasingly detrimental to networks, systems, and users, and are increasing in number and severity globally. To better predict system vulnerabilities, cybersecurity researchers are developing new and more holistic approaches to characterizing cybersecurity system risk. The process must include characterizing the human factors that contribute to cyber security vulnerabilities and risk. Rationality, expertise, and maliciousness are key human characteristics influencing cyber risk within this context, yet maliciousness is poorly characterized in the literature...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458403/overuse-in-cancer-care-do-european-studies-provide-information-useful-to-support-policies
#9
REVIEW
Roberto Grilli, Valentina Chiesa
Health services overuse has been acknowledged as a relevant policy issue. In this study, we assessed the informative value of research on the quality of cancer care, exploring to what extent it is actually concerned with care overuse, thus providing policy-makers with sound estimates of overuse prevalence. We searched Medline for European studies, reporting information on the rate of use of diagnostic or therapeutic procedures/interventions in breast, colorectal, lung and prostate cancer patients, published in English between 2006 and 2016...
February 20, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458166/statistical-approach-for-selection-of-biologically-informative-genes
#10
Samarendra Das, Anil Rai, D C Mishra, S N Rai
Selection of informative genes from high dimensional gene expression data has emerged as an important research area in genomics. Many gene selection techniques have been proposed so far are either based on relevancy or redundancy measure. Further, the performance of these techniques has been adjudged through post selection classification accuracy computed through a classifier using the selected genes. This performance metric may be statistically sound but may not be biologically relevant. A statistical approach, i...
February 16, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457372/clinical-characteristics-and-factors-associated-with-disability-and-impaired-quality-of-life-in-children-with-juvenile-systemic-sclerosis
#11
Brandi E Stevens, Kathryn S Torok, Suzanne C Li, Nicole Hershey, Megan Curran, Gloria C Higgins, Katharine F Moore, C Egla Rabinovich, Samuel Dodson, Anne M Stevens
OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical manifestations of juvenile systemic sclerosis (jSSc), including disease characteristics and patient quality of life, through the multinational Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) Legacy Registry. METHODS: Subjects with jSSc were prospectively enrolled between 2010 and 2013. Diagnosis of jSSc was determined by the enrolling pediatric rheumatologist, with disease onset required prior to age 18. Collected data included demographics, disease characteristics, medication exposure, and quality of life metrics...
February 18, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456624/the-case-for-a-regional-approach-to-publication-impact
#12
EDITORIAL
Stevan Bruijns, Camillo Lamanna
Healthcare-related research is largely regional. Put simply, this is because disease burdens differ between world regions. Even global burdens, such as ischaemic heart disease and cancer, display distinctive characteristics in certain regions that are not seen in others. Regional differences in infrastructure, resources and human capital further compound the differences seen, as they affect the way in which the local scientific community can interact with the local disease burden. As such, it seems fair to assume that healthcare-related research ought to be regionally distributed...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456452/factors-associated-with-no-2-and-no-x-concentration-gradients-near-a-highway
#13
J Richmond-Bryant, M G Snyder, R C Owen, S Kimbrough
The objective of this research is to learn how the near-road gradient, in which NO2 and NOX (NO + NO2 ) concentrations are elevated, varies with changes in meteorological and traffic variables. Measurements of NO2 and NOX were obtained east of I-15 in Las Vegas and fit to functions whose slopes (dCNO2 /dx and dCNOX /dx, respectively) characterize the size of the near-road zone where NO2 and NOX concentrations from mobile sources on the highway are elevated. These metrics were used to learn about the near-road gradient by modeling dCNO2 /dx and dCNOX /dx as functions of meteorological variables (e...
November 21, 2017: Atmospheric Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454392/soft-robotic-devices-for-hand-rehabilitation-and-assistance-a-narrative-review
#14
REVIEW
Chia-Ye Chu, Rita M Patterson
INTRODUCTION: The debilitating effects on hand function from a number of a neurologic disorders has given rise to the development of rehabilitative robotic devices aimed at restoring hand function in these patients. To combat the shortcomings of previous traditional robotics, soft robotics are rapidly emerging as an alternative due to their inherent safety, less complex designs, and increased potential for portability and efficacy. While several groups have begun designing devices, there are few devices that have progressed enough to provide clinical evidence of their design's therapeutic abilities...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452549/characterizing-potentially-preventable-cancer-and-chronic-disease-related-emergency-department-use-in-the-year-after-treatment-initiation-a-regional-study
#15
Laura Panattoni, Catherine Fedorenko, Mikael Anne Greenwood-Hickman, Karma Kreizenbeck, Julia R Walker, Renato Martins, Keith D Eaton, John W Rieke, Ted Conklin, Bruce Smith, Gary Lyman, Scott D Ramsey
PURPOSE: As new quality metrics and interventions for potentially preventable emergency department (ED) visits are implemented, we sought to compare methods for evaluating the prevalence and costs of potentially preventable ED visits that were related to cancer and chronic disease among a commercially insured oncology population in the year after treatment initiation. METHODS: We linked SEER records in western Washington from 2011 to 2016 with claims from two commercial insurers...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451814/variability-in-asthma-quality-and-costs-in-children-with-different-medicaid-insurance-plans-in-maricopa-county
#16
Matthew Rank, Natalie Landman, Gevork Harootunian, Michelle Winscott, Neil Jain, Keith Frey, Gena Wilson, Rupali Drewek, Lilia Parra-Roide, Charlton Wilson, Robert Smoldt, Denis Cortese
OBJECTIVE: To describe the variation in asthma quality and costs among children with different Medicaid insurance plans. METHODS: We used 2013 data from the Center for Health Information and Research, which houses a database that includes individuals who have Medicaid insurance in Arizona. We analyzed children ages 2-17 years-old who lived in Maricopa County, Arizona. Asthma medication ratio (AMR, a measure of appropriate asthma medication use), outpatient follow-up within 2 weeks after asthma-related hospitalization (a measure of continuity of care), asthma-related hospitalizations, and all emergency department (ED) visits were the primary quality metrics...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448883/natural-frequencies-do-foster-public-understanding-of-medical-tests-comment-on-pighin-gonzalez-savadori-and-girotto-2016
#17
Michelle McDowell, Mirta Galesic, Gerd Gigerenzer
Patients and doctors often need to make decisions based on the results of medical tests. When these results are presented in the form of conditional probabilities, even doctors find it difficult to interpret them correctly. There is over 20 y of research supporting the finding that people are better able to calculate the correct positive predictive value of a test when given information in natural frequencies, as opposed to conditional probabilities. Natural frequencies are one of a few psychological tools that have made it into evidence-based medicine...
February 1, 2018: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448009/openstreetmap-data-for-alcohol-research-reliability-assessment-and-quality-indicators
#18
Jonathan Bright, Stefano De Sabbata, Sumin Lee, Bharath Ganesh, David K Humphreys
There is a growing interest in using OpenStreetMap [OSM] data in health research. We evaluate the usefulness of OSM data for researching the spatial availability of alcohol, a field which has been hampered by data access difficulties. We find OSM data is about 50% complete, which appears adequate for replicating findings from other studies using alcohol licensing data. Further, we show how OSM quality metrics can be used to select areas with more complete alcohol data. The ease of access and use may create opportunities for analysts and researchers seeking to understand broad patterns of alcohol availability...
February 12, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447056/investigating-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-revised-child-anxiety-and-depression-scale-rcads-in-a-non-clinical-sample-of-irish-adolescents
#19
Alanna Donnelly, Amanda Fitzgerald, Mark Shevlin, Barbara Dooley
BACKGROUND: The psychometric properties of the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale (RCADS) have been established cross-culturally, yet psychometric evidence is lacking for an English-speaking European population. AIM: This research sought to further cross-validate the measure in a non-clinical Irish adolescent sample, and to test for gender and age-based differential item functioning in depression and anxiety. METHOD: Participants were Irish second-level school students (N = 345; 164 male; 12-18 years, M =14...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444130/-are-you-gonna-publish-that-peer-reviewed-publication-outcomes-of-doctoral-dissertations-in-psychology
#20
Spencer C Evans, Christina M Amaro, Robyn Herbert, Jennifer B Blossom, Michael C Roberts
If a doctoral dissertation represents an original investigation that makes a contribution to one's field, then dissertation research could, and arguably should, be disseminated into the scientific literature. However, the extent and nature of dissertation publication remains largely unknown within psychology. The present study investigated the peer-reviewed publication outcomes of psychology dissertation research in the United States. Additionally, we examined publication lag, scientific impact, and variations across subfields...
2018: PloS One
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