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MiRNA 27a

Chao Fang, Xiang-Ping Li, Wei-Jing Gong, Na-Yiyuan Wu, Jie Tang, Ji-Ye Yin, Xi Li, Wei Zhang, Hong-Hao Zhou, Zhao-Qian Liu
Platinum-based chemotherapy toxicity severely impedes successful treatment in lung cancer patients. MicroRNAs (miRs) have a significant impact on the occurrence and survival rate of lung cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between common miRNA variants and platinum-based chemotherapy toxicity in lung cancer patients. A total of 8 functional SNPs of miRNA were genotyped in 408 lung cancer patients by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. All the patients were histologically confirmed as lung cancer, and were treated with platinum-based chemotherapy for at least two cycles...
November 22, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
Yury O Nunez Lopez, Gabriella Garufi, Attila A Seyhan
Today obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) have both reached epidemic proportions. However, our current understanding of the primary mechanisms leading to these diseases is still limited due to the complex multifactorial nature of the underlying phenomena. We hypothesize that the levels of specific cytokines and miRNAs vary across the diabetes spectrum and unique signatures associated with them may serve as early biomarkers of the disease and provide insights into respective pathogenetic mechanisms. In this study, we measured the circulating levels of cytokines and microRNAs (miRNAs) in lean and obese humans with prediabetes (n = 21), T2D (n = 17), and healthy controls (n = 20) (ORIGINS trial, NCT02226640)...
November 21, 2016: Molecular BioSystems
Fengfeng Wang, Fei Meng, Lili Wang, S C Cesar Wong, William C S Cho, Lawrence W C Chan
Lung cancer is the top cancer killer worldwide with high mortality rate. Majority belong to non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs). The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) has been broadly explored as a drug target for therapy. However, the drug responses are not durable due to the acquired resistance. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding and endogenous molecules that can inhibit mRNA translation initiation and degrade mRNAs. We wonder if some downstream molecules shared by EGFR and the other tyrosine kinase receptors (TKRs) further transduce the signals alternatively, and some miRNAs play the key roles in affecting the expression of these downstream molecules...
2016: Frontiers in Genetics
Wei Zhao, Xiaohui Zhang, Jia Liu, Bei Sun, Hua Tang, Hong Zhang
Metformin was demonstrated to have effects on breast cancer, and microRNA-27a (miR-27a) is a prognostic marker for breast cancer progression and patient survival. AMPKα2 was found to be a suppressor in breast cancer MCF-7 cells. Therefore, the present study aimed to explain this phenomenon in regards to the relationship between microRNAs (miRNAs) and their target genes and to predict how AMPKα2 may be a downstream target gene of miR-27a, thus exploring the new mechanism of metformin in the treatment of breast cancer regarding miRNAs...
October 24, 2016: Oncology Reports
Jingwei Jiang, Qingmin Gao, Tian Wang, Hao Lin, Qiong Zhan, Zhaohui Chu, Ruofan Huang, Xinli Zhou, Xiaohua Liang, Weijian Guo
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are a group of heterogeneous myeloid cells that can suppress antitumor immunity. MDSCs are divided into granulocytic (G‑MDSCs) and monocytic subsets. In the present study, the microRNA profiles of the G‑MDSCs were determined and the differential expression of microRNAs between G‑MDSCs from tumor‑bearing mice and tumor‑free mice was examined. The number of G‑MDSCs in spleens of Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC)‑bearing mice was ~6‑fold higher than in spleens of normal mice (13...
November 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Kevin Appourchaux, Safi Dokmak, Matthieu Resche-Rigon, Xavier Treton, Martine Lapalus, Charles-Henry Gattolliat, Emmanuelle Porchet, Michelle Martinot-Peignoux, Nathalie Boyer, Michel Vidaud, Pierre Bedossa, Patrick Marcellin, Ivan Bièche, Emilie Estrabaud, Tarik Asselah
Staging fibrosis is crucial for the prognosis and to determine the rapid need of treatment in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and C (CHC). The expression of 13 fibrosis-related microRNAs (miRNAs) (miR-20a, miR-21, miR-27a, miR-27b, miR-29a, miR-29c, miR-92a, miR-122, miR-146a, miR-155, miR-221, miR-222, and miR-224) was analyzed in 194 serums and 177 liver biopsies of patients with either CHB or CHC to develop models to diagnose advanced fibrosis and cirrhosis (Metavir F3-F4). In CHB patients, the model (serum miR-122, serum miR-222, platelet count and alkaline phosphatase) was more accurate than APRI and FIB-4 to discriminate in between mild and moderate fibrosis (F1-F2) and F3-F4 (AUC of CHB model: 0...
October 12, 2016: Scientific Reports
X M Pan, X Xiao, H J Qin, Z Zhang, Z H Li, L B Gao, J Jia
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a multi-factorial disease, and genetic background may contribute to its etiology. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in microRNAs (miRNAs) may be used as specific markers of predisposition for CRC diagnosis and prevention. In this review, we summarize and discuss recent publications evaluating the roles of miRNA SNPs in CRC. A meta-analysis was also carried out to assess the association between the five most frequently studied miRNA SNPs and CRC risk. No relationship was established between this disease and the three SNPs rs11614913, rs2910164, and rs3746444 in miR-196a-2, miR-146a, and miR-499, respectively...
August 29, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Chun-Yan Wang, Shu-Guang Wang, Jia-Li Wang, Li-Ying Zhou, Hong-Jun Liu, Yi-Feng Wang
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the possible associations of miRNA-27a and Leptin polymorphisms with the risk of recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA). MATERIAL AND METHODS Between May 2013 and April 2015 at Shenzhen Longhua New District Central Hospital, we randomly recruited 138 RSA patients as the case group and another 142 normal pregnancy women as the control group. We used denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) to determine the genotypes and allele frequencies of miRNA-27a rs895819 A/G and Leptin rs7799039 G/A...
October 2, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Hua Lin, Weiguo Sui, Wuxian Li, Qiupei Tan, Jiejing Chen, Xiuhua Lin, Hui Guo, Minglin Ou, Wen Xue, Ruohan Zhang, Yong Dai
Down syndrome (DS) is caused by trisomy of human chromosome 21 and is associated with a number of deleterious phenotypes. To investigate the role of microRNA (miRNA) in the regulation of DS, high‑throughput Illumina sequencing technology and isobaric tagging for relative and absolute protein quantification analysis were utilized for simultaneous expression profiling of miRNA and protein in fetuses with DS and normal fetuses. A total of 344 miRNAs were associated with DS. Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analyses were used to investigate the proteins found to be differentially expressed...
November 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Farima Zahedi, Maliheh Nazari-Jahantigh, Zhe Zhou, Pallavi Subramanian, Yuanyuan Wei, Jochen Grommes, Stefan Offermanns, Sabine Steffens, Christian Weber, Andreas Schober
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) coordinate vascular repair by regulating injury-induced gene expression in vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and promote the transition of SMCs from a contractile to a proliferating phenotype. However, the effect of miRNA expression in SMCs on neointima formation is unclear. Therefore, we studied the role of miRNA biogenesis by Dicer in SMCs in vascular repair. Following wire-induced injury to carotid arteries of Apolipoprotein E knockout (Apoe (-/-)) mice, miRNA microarray analysis revealed that the most significantly regulated miRNAs, such as miR-222 and miR-21-3p, were upregulated...
September 12, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
Keren Regev, Anu Paul, Brian Healy, Felipe von Glenn, Camilo Diaz-Cruz, Taha Gholipour, Maria Antonietta Mazzola, Radhika Raheja, Parham Nejad, Bonnie I Glanz, Pia Kivisakk, Tanuja Chitnis, Howard L Weiner, Roopali Gandhi
OBJECTIVE: To identify circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) linked to disease stage and disability in multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: Sera from 296 participants including patients with MS, other neurologic diseases (Alzheimer disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), and inflammatory diseases (rheumatoid arthritis and asthma) and healthy controls (HCs) were tested. miRNA profiles were determined using LNA (locked nucleic acid)-based quantitative PCR. Patients with MS were categorized according to disease stage and disability...
October 2016: Neurology® Neuroimmunology & Neuroinflammation
D Jurkovicova, M Magyerkova, Z Sestakova, L Copakova, V Bella, M Konecny, M Krivjanska, L Kulcsar, M Chovanec
Breast cancer (BC) including its progression into bone metastasis is a complex process involving changes in gene expression and function of both, microRNAs (miRNAs) and their target genes. Deregulation of miRNAs has been described as a crucial factor responsible for the initiation and progression of BC, and specific miRNA expression profiles have been found to be associated with particular disease states, histological tumor types, and BRCA1/2 or HER status. BRCA1 tumor suppressor is involved in DNA damage response and repair and epigenetically controls miR-155 expression and its pre-cancerous potential...
2016: Neoplasma
Xuechao Wan, Wenhua Huang, Shu Yang, Yalong Zhang, Pu Zhang, Zhe Kong, Tao Li, Hai Wu, Fengxiang Jing, Yao Li
Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most commonly diagnosed and secondly leading cause of cancer death among males. But the precise mechanism of prostate cancer progression, including microRNAs (miRNAs) functioning in it, is still needs further study. We found miR-27a to be down-regulated in prostate cancer, and we investigated the mechanism and role of miRNA-27a in prostate cancer. MiR-27a, a transcriptional target of AR, was an androgen-induced miRNA in LNCaP cells. In castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) cells, we for the first time reported that miR-27a was downregulated by PI3K signaling...
October 2016: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Marie Stampe Ostenfeld, Steffen Grann Jensen, Dennis Kjølhede Jeppesen, Lise-Lotte Christensen, Stine Buch Thorsen, Jan Stenvang, Michael Lykke Hvam, Anni Thomsen, Peter Mouritzen, Mads Heilskov Rasmussen, Hans Jørgen Nielsen, Torben Falck Ørntoft, Claus Lindbjerg Andersen
Cancer cells secrete small membranous extracellular vesicles (EVs) into their microenvironment and circulation. These contain biomolecules, including proteins and microRNAs (miRNAs). Both circulating EVs and miRNAs have received much attention as biomarker candidates for non-invasive diagnostics. Here we describe a sensitive analytical method for isolation and subsequent miRNA profiling of epithelial-derived EVs from blood samples of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). The epithelial-derived EVs were isolated by immunoaffinity-capture using the epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) as marker...
2016: Journal of Extracellular Vesicles
Rocío Barragán, Oscar Coltell, Eva M Asensio, Francesc Francés, José V Sorlí, Ramon Estruch, Albert Salas-Huetos, Jose M Ordovas, Dolores Corella
Recently, microRNAs (miRNA) have been proposed as regulators in the different processes involved in alcohol intake, and differences have been found in the miRNA expression profile in alcoholics. However, no study has focused on analyzing polymorphisms in genes encoding miRNAs and daily alcohol consumption at the population level. Our aim was to investigate the association between a functional polymorphism in the pre-miR-27a (rs895819 A>G) gene and alcohol consumption in an elderly population. We undertook a cross-sectional study of PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea (PREDIMED)-Valencia participants (n = 1007, including men and women aged 67 ± 7 years) and measured their alcohol consumption (total and alcoholic beverages) through a validated questionnaire...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Raihana Maqbool, Saife Niaz Lone, Mahboob Ul Hussain
The tumor suppressor protein p53 is intricately regulated by various signaling molecules, including non-coding small RNAs, called microRNAs (miRNAs). The in silico analysis and the inverse expression status in various cell lines raised the possibility of miR-27a being a new regulator of p53. Using luciferase reporter assay and various mutational and functional analysis, we identified two putative binding sites of miR-27a on the 3'-UTR of p53. The overexpression of miR-27a in the human colorectal cancer cell line HCT-116(+/+) resulted in the decreased expression of the endogenous p53 protein levels...
October 15, 2016: Biochemical Journal
Dong-Liang Shi, Gui-Rong Shi, Jing Xie, Xu-Zhao Du, Hao Yang
Fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) with aberrant expression of microRNA (miRNA) are critical pathogenic regulators in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Previous studies have found that overexpression or silencing of miRNA can contribute to the development of miRNA-based therapeutics in arthritis models. In this study, we explored the effects of miR-27a on cell migration and invasion in cultured FLS from RA patients. We found that miR-27a was markedly downregulated in the serum, synovial tissue, and FLS of RA patients...
August 31, 2016: Molecules and Cells
Yue-Yue Wu, Xin-Mei Huang, Jun Liu, Ying Cha, Zao-Ping Chen, Fang Wang, Jiong Xu, Li Sheng, He-Yuang Ding
Berberine is the major active component of Rhizoma Coptidis derived from a traditional Chinese herbal medicine and is known to regulate micro (mi)RNA levels, although the mechanism for this action remains unknown. The present study confirmed that treatment of 3T3‑L1 cells with berberine inhibited cell viability and differentiation in a dose‑ and time‑dependent manner, and significantly increased the mRNA expression levels of miRNA‑27a and miRNA‑27b. In addition, in 3T3‑L1 cells treated with berberine, overexpression of miRNA‑27a and miRNA‑27b improved the berberine-mediated inhibition of cell differentiation and reduction of triglyceride contents...
September 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Julia S Johansen, Dan Calatayud, Vanna Albieri, Nicolai A Schultz, Christian Dehlendorff, Jens Werner, Benny V Jensen, Per Pfeiffer, Stig E Bojesen, Nathalia Giese, Kaspar R Nielsen, Svend E Nielsen, Mette Yilmaz, Niels H Holländer, Klaus K Andersen
Biomarkers for early diagnosis of patients with pancreatic cancer (PC) are needed. Our aim was to identify panels of miRNAs in serum in combination with CA 19-9 for use in the diagnosis of PC. Four hundred seventeen patients with PC were included prospectively from Denmark (n = 306) and Germany (n = 111). Controls included 59 patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) and 248 healthy subjects (HS). MiRNAs were analyzed in pretreatment serum samples from 3 cohorts: discovery cohort (754 human miRNAs, TaqMan(®) Human MicroRNA assay, Applied Biosystem; PC n = 133, controls n = 72); training cohort (34 miRNAs, real-time qPCR using the Fluidigm BioMark™ System; PC n = 198, controls n = 184); validation cohort (13 miRNAs, real-time qPCR using the Fluidigm BioMark™ System; PC n = 86, controls n = 51)...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Amir Abbas Momtazi, Fahimeh Shahabipour, Sepideh Khatibi, Thomas P Johnston, Matteo Pirro, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Curcumin is a natural dietary polyphenol for which anti-tumor effects have been documented. Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of curcumin, along with its immunomodulatory, proapoptotic, and antiangiogenic properties, are often referred to as the main mechanisms underlying the anti-tumor effects. At the molecular level, inhibition of NF-kB, Akt/PI3K, and MAPK pathways and enhancement of p53 are among the most important anticancer alterations induced by curcumin. Recent evidence has suggested that epigenetic alterations are also involved in the anti-tumor properties of curcumin...
July 23, 2016: Reviews of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology
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