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MiRNA 27a

Shukui Wang, Xiangxiang Liu, Bei Pan, Li Sun, Xiaoxiang Chen, Kaixuan Zeng, Xiuxiu Hu, Tao Xu, Mu Xu
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide usually with poor prognosis due to the advanced stage when diagnosed. This study aimed to investigate whether specific circulating exosomal miRNAs could act as biomarkers for early diagnosis of CRC. METHODS: A total of 369 peripheral blood samples were included in this study. In the discovery phase, circulating exosomal miR-27a and miR-130a were selected after synthetical analysis of two GEO datasets and TCGA database...
May 8, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Jian Cui, Cunqi Gong, Baorui Cao, Longfei Li
The present study aimed to determine the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) and microRNA (miRNA/miR)-27a in hippocampal tissues, and serum from a depression model of rats. In addition, the present study aimed to understand the mechanism of regulation of miR-27a in depression. A total of 40 male rats were selected, and divided into the control and depression model groups. The rats in the model group were subjected to 14 types of stimulations to model depression. By determining the body weight, syrup consumption rate and open field test score, the extent of depression in the rats was evaluated...
May 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Monika Garrido-Armas, Juan Carlos Corona, Maria Luisa Escobar, Leda Torres, Francisco Ordóñez-Romero, Abrahan Hernández-Hernández, Francisco Arenas-Huertero
Curcumin is a polyphenol compound extracted from Curcuma longa plant, is a molecule with pleiotropic effects that suppresses transformation, proliferation and metastasis of malignant tumors. Curcumin can cause different kinds of cell death depending of its concentration on the exposed cell type. Here we show that exposure of the glioblastoma cell line A172 to curcumin at 50 μM, the IC50, causes morphological changes characteristic of paraptosis cell-death. Vesicles derived from the ER and low membrane potential of the mitochondria were constantly found in the exposed cells...
April 30, 2018: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
Marcia Cristina T Dos Santos, Miguel Arturo Barreto-Sanz, Bruna Renata S Correia, Rosie Bell, Catherine Widnall, Luis Tosar Perez, Caroline Berteau, Claudia Schulte, Dieter Scheller, Daniela Berg, Walter Maetzler, Pedro A F Galante, Andre Nogueira da Costa
Parkinson's Disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder, affecting 1-2% of the elderly population. Its diagnosis is still based on the identification of motor symptoms when a considerable number of dopaminergic neurons are already lost. The development of translatable biomarkers for accurate diagnosis at the earliest stages of PD is of extreme interest. Several microRNAs have been associated with PD pathophysiology. Consequently, microRNAs are emerging as potential biomarkers, especially due to their presence in Cerebrospinal Fluid and peripheral circulation...
April 3, 2018: Oncotarget
Honglei Chen, Zhixu Zhang, Li Zhang, Junzhi Wang, Minghui Zhang, Bin Zhu
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported to be associated with heart valve disease, which can be caused by inflammation. This study aimed to investigate the functional impacts of miR-27a on TNF-α-induced inflammatory injury in human mitral valve interstitial cells (hMVICs). hMVICs were subjected to 40 ng/mL TNF-α for 48 h, before which the expressions of miR-27a and NELL-1 in hMVICs were altered by stable transfection. Trypan blue staining, BrdU incorporation assay, flow cytometry detection, ELISA, and western blot assay were performed to detect cell proliferation, apoptosis, and the release of proinflammatory cytokines...
2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
P Micó-Martínez, J-L García-Giménez, M Seco-Cervera, A López-Roldán, P-J Almiñana-Pastor, F Alpiste-Illueca, F-V Pallardó
BACKGROUND: The study and identification of new biomarkers for periodontal disease, such as microRNAs (miRNAs), may give us more information about the location and severity of the disease and will serve as a basis for treatment planning and disease-monitoring. miRNAs are a group of small RNAs which are involved in gene regulation by binding to their messenger RNA target (mRNA). In this pilot study, the procedure for purifying miRNAs from gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) was, for the first time, described...
May 1, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Lei Chen, Junxiu Yang, Jinhui Lü, Shanshan Cao, Qian Zhao, Zuoren Yu
Objective: To detect the aberrant expression of circulating miRNAs and explore the potential early diagnostic biomarkers in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Methods: Plasma samples were collected from 25 treatment-naïve PD-diagnosed patients and 25 healthy controls followed by a real-time PCR-based miRNA screening analysis of neuron disease-related miRNAs. Results: A subset of miRNAs with aberrant expression levels in the plasma of PD-diagnosed patients were identified including upregulation of miR-27a and downregulation of let-7a, let-7f, miR-142-3p, and miR-222 with the AUC values more than 0...
April 2018: Brain and Behavior
Cinzia Di Pietro, Salvatore Caruso, Rosalia Battaglia, Marco Iraci Sareri, Alessandro La Ferlita, Fabrizio Strino, Gabriele Bonaventura, Maurizio Di Mauro, Maria Luisa Barcellona, Vincenzo Perciavalle, Michele Purrello, Antonio Cianci
PROBLEM: Chronic endometritis (CE) is usually asymptomatic and different studies demonstrated the relation with infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss. Altered regulation of protein-encoding genes in CE has been demonstrated, but no evidence about the involvement of microRNAs in the pathology is present in literature. METHOD OF STUDY: In the endometrium from 15 women with CE and 15 healthy women, by RT-qPCR single assays, we investigated some microRNAs targeting IL11, CCL4, IGF1, and IGFBP1, which mRNAs had been found differentially expressed in endometrium of women affected by CE...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
Marwa Tantawy, Mariam G Elzayat, Dina Yehia, Hala Taha
Understanding pediatric brain tumor biology is essential to help on disease stratification, and to find novel markers for early diagnosis. MicroRNA (miRNA) expression has been linked to clinical outcomes and tumor biology. Here, we aimed to detect the expression of different miRNAs in different pediatric brain tumor subtypes to discover biomarkers for early detection and develop novel therapies. Expression of 82 miRNAs was detected in 120 pediatric brain tumors from fixed-formalin paraffin-embedded tissues, low-grade glioma, high-grade glioma, ependymoma, and medulloblastoma, using quantitative real-time PCR...
January 2018: Genetics and Molecular Biology
Chengjian Cao, Liang Li, Huiming Li, Xueling He, Wu Geng, Yu Xiaoqin
A physical stimuli, it has been reported that cyclic tensile strain can promote bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) to differentiate into cardiomyocytes, but the underlying mechanisms have been poorly elucidated so far. Here, we used a mimicking loading strain, cyclic biaxial tensile strain (CBTS), and found it can promote BMSCs to differentiate into cardiomyocytes. When the CBTS were loaded, the cells expressed cardiac-specific markers GATA4, TNNT2, MEF-2c, and Cx43, meanwhile we found miR-27a decreased and stem cell factor (SCF) increased...
April 5, 2018: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Anquan Liu, Johan Frostegård
BACKGROUND: Activated T cells and dendritic cells (DCs) occur in atherosclerotic plaques. Proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin 9 (PCSK9) targets the LDL-receptor (LDLR), and results in increased LDL-levels. We here investigate immune effects of PCSK9 on OxLDL induced DC maturation and T cell activation. METHODS: T cells were isolated from carotid specimens of patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy, or from peripheral blood of healthy individuals. Human peripheral blood monocytes were differentiated into DCs...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Internal Medicine
Yanan Zhang, Xinping Ning, Guobin Mao, Xinghu Ji, Zhike He
We have developed a new enzyme-free method for target sequence DNA detection based on the dynamic quenching of fluorescent silicon nanodots (SiNDs) toward Cy5-tagged DNA probe. Fascinatingly, the water-soluble SiNDs can quench the fluorescence of cyanine (Cy5) in Cy5-tagged DNA probe in homogeneous solution, and the fluorescence of Cy5-tagged DNA probe can be restored in the presence of target sequence DNA (the synthetic target miRNA-27a). Based on this phenomenon, a SiND-featured fluorescent sensor has been constructed for "turn-on" detection of the synthetic target miRNA-27a for the first time...
March 28, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Dongsheng Wang, Si Si, Qiang Wang, Guangcheng Luo, Qin Du, Qi Liang, Xiaolan Guo, Guoyuan Zhang, Jiafu Feng, Zhengwei Leng
BACKGROUND/AIMS: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a crucial role in erythropoiesis. MiR-23a∼27a∼24-2 clusters have been proven to take part in erythropoiesis via some proteins. CDC25B (cell division control Cdc2 phosphostase B) is also the target of mir-27a; whether it regulates erythropoiesis and its mechanism are unknown. METHODS: To evaluate the potential role of miR-27a during erythroid differentiation, we performed miR-27a gain- and loss-of-function experiments on hemin-induced K562 cells...
March 22, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Giuseppe Musumeci, Gian Marco Leggio, Rubina Marzagalli, Ghaith Al-Badri, Filippo Drago, Alessandro Castorina
Following peripheral nerve injury, dysregulations of certain non-coding microRNAs (miRNAs) occur in Schwann cells. Whether these alterations are the result of local inflammation and/or correlate with perturbations in the expression profile of the protective vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP)/pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) system is currently unknown. To address these issues, we aimed at profiling the expression of selected miRNAs in the rat RT4 Schwann cell line. Cells exposed to lipopolysaccharide (LPS), to mimic the local inflammatory milieu, were appraised by real-time qPCR, Western blot and ELISAs...
March 25, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Aiqing Zhang, Min Li, Bin Wang, Janet D Klein, S Russ Price, Xiaonan H Wang
BACKGROUND: The treatment of muscle wasting is accompanied by benefits in other organs, possibly resulting from muscle-organ crosstalk. However, how the muscle communicates with these organs is less understood. Two microRNAs (miRs), miR-23a and miR-27a, are located together in a gene cluster and regulate proteins that are involved in the atrophy process. MiR-23a/27a has been shown to reduce muscle wasting and act as an anti-fibrotic agent. We hypothesized that intramuscular injection of miR-23a/27a would counteract both muscle wasting and renal fibrosis lesions in a streptozotocin-induced diabetic model...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
Gati K Panigrahi, Anand Ramteke, Diane Birks, Hamdy E Abouzeid Ali, Sujatha Venkataraman, Chapla Agarwal, Rajeev Vibhakar, Lance D Miller, Rajesh Agarwal, Zakaria Y Abd Elmageed, Gagan Deep
Hypoxia and expression of hypoxia-related biomarkers are associated with disease progression and treatment failure in prostate cancer (PCa). We have reported that exosomes (nanovesicles of 30-150 nm in diameter) secreted by human PCa cells under hypoxia promote invasiveness and stemness in naïve PCa cells. Here, we identified the unique microRNAs (miRNAs) loaded in exosomes secreted by PCa cells under hypoxia. Using TaqMan® array microRNA cards, we analyzed the miRNA profile in exosomes secreted by human PCa LNCaP cells under hypoxic (ExoHypoxic ) and normoxic (ExoNormoxic ) conditions...
March 2, 2018: Oncotarget
Qian Xu, Yuying Zhao, Xiaoyan Zhou, Jing Luan, Yazhou Cui, Jinxiang Han
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a muscle-bone degenerative disease, which lacks a specific index for diagnosis. In our previous studies, we found that exosomes mediated the interaction mechanism between muscle and bone at the cellular level, and myoblast exosomes can transfer miR-27a-3p to promote osteoblast mineralization. Therefore, we suppose that the expression of miR-27a-3p in the serum exosomes of ALS patients also changes. In this study, we used healthy human serum as a sample to find out the conditions and methods for extraction and detection...
February 2018: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
S Mashayekhi, H Saeidi Saedi, Z Salehi, S Soltanipour, E Mirzajani
Background microRNAs (miRNAs) are potentially involved in many physiopathological processes, including regulation of cell growth, differentiation, apoptosis and cancer. Single nucleotide polymorphisms of the genes encoding miRNAs can alter their expression and may influence cancer risks. This case-control study explored the relationship between three microRNA polymorphisms (miR-27a, miR-196a2 and miR -146a) and breast cancer (BC). Methods A total of 353 breast cancer cases and 353 controls were genotyped for miR-27a (rs895819), miR-196a2 (rs11614913) and miR -146a (rs2910164)...
April 2018: British Journal of Biomedical Science
Jin Liu, Mingpeng Li, Xiancheng Liu, Fan Liu, Jianwei Zhu
Osteosarcoma has become one of the most common primary malignant tumors affecting children and adolescents. Although increasing evidence has indicated that microRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) play important roles in the development of osteosarcoma, the expression of miR‑27a‑3p and its effects on osteosarcoma are not yet fully understood. In the present study, our data demonstrated that the expression of miR‑27a‑3p in osteosarcoma cell lines was significantly higher than that in the normal human osteoblastic cell line, hFOB 1...
April 2018: International Journal of Oncology
Daria Domańska-Senderowska, Zbigniew Jastrzębski, Justyna Kiszałkiewicz, Michał Brzeziański, Dorota Pastuszak-Lewandoska, Łukasz Radzimińki, Ewa Brzeziańska-Lasota, Anna Jegier
Recently studies have shown that, depending on the type of training and its duration, the expression levels of selected circulating myomiRNAs (c-miR-27a,b, c-miR-29a,b,c, c-miR-133a) differ and correlate with the physiological indicators of adaptation to physical activity. To analyse the expression of selected classes of miRNAs in soccer players during different periods of their training cycle. The study involved 22 soccer players aged 17-18 years. The multi-stage 20-m shuttle run test was used to estimate VO2 max among the soccer players...
December 2017: Biology of Sport
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