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peritoneal access care

Joseph W Lozier, Andrew J Niehaus
Indications for rumen surgery include rumen tympany (bloat), toxic plant ingestion, to provide enteral nutrition, to perform elective cannula placement, and to access other forestomach compartments (reticulum/omasum). The rumen is a highly contaminated viscus and special care should be taken to avoid peritoneal contamination from rumen contents. Diseases causing forestomach dysfunction and surgical procedures on the forestomach compartments are discussed here.
November 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Food Animal Practice
John W Scott, Joaquim M Havens, Lindsey L Wolf, Cheryl K Zogg, John A Rose, Ali Salim, Adil H Haider
BACKGROUND: The Affordable Care Act has the potential to significantly affect access to care for previously uninsured patients in need of emergency general surgical care. Our objective was to determine the relationship between insurance status and disease complexity at presentation among a national sample of emergency general surgical patients. METHODS: Data from the National Emergency Department Sample from 2006-2009 were queried to identify all patients aged 18-64 years old admitted through the emergency department with a primary diagnosis of appendicitis, diverticulitis, inguinal hernia, or bowel obstruction...
October 3, 2016: Surgery
Malcolm G Coulthard
Most babies with chronic renal failure are identified antenatally, and over half that are treated with peritoneal dialysis receive kidney transplants before school age. Most infants that develop acute renal failure have hypotension following cardiac surgery, or multiple organ failure. Sometimes the falls in glomerular filtration and urine output are physiological and reversible, and sometimes due to kidney injury, but (illogically) it is now common to define them all as having 'acute kidney injury'. Contrary to widespread opinion, careful interpretation of the plasma creatinine concentrations can provide sensitive evidence of early acute renal failure...
September 25, 2016: Early Human Development
Laure Peyro Saint Paul, Maxence Ficheux, Danièle Debruyne, Magalie Loilier, Nicolas Bouvier, Rémy Morello, Jean-Jacques Parienti, Renaud Verdon, François Fournel, Vincent Cattoir, Thierry Lobbedez
♦ Background: Antibiotics are preferentially delivered via the peritoneal route to treat peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis (PDRP) to ensure that maximal concentrations are delivered to the site of infection. Our study focused on the pharmacokinetics of daptomycin (DAP) administered via the intraperitoneal (IP) route in patients with PDRP. ♦ Methods: According to the DaptoDP protocol (Clinical Trial No. 2012-005699-33), IP DAP was administered daily, i.e., during the 6-h Nutrineal (Baxter Healthcare Corporation, Deerfield, IL, USA) dwell time period, for 14 days, in addition to administration of the antibiotics used for the usual care of patients with PDRP...
September 28, 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Michael J Fischer, Kevin T Stroupe, James S Kaufman, Ann M O'Hare, Margaret M Browning, Min-Woong Sohn, Zhiping Huo, Denise M Hynes
BACKGROUND: Predialysis nephrology care is associated with lower mortality and rates of hospitalization following chronic dialysis initiation. Whether more frequent predialysis nephrology care is associated with other favorable outcomes for older adults is not known. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of patients ≥66 years who initiated chronic dialysis in 2000-2001 and were eligible for VA and/or Medicare-covered services. Nephrology visits in VA and/or Medicare during the 12-month predialysis period were identified and classified by low intensity (<3 visits), moderate intensity (3-6 visits), and high intensity (>6 visits)...
2016: BMC Nephrology
Louise M Moist, Ahmed A Al-Jaishi
Patients with Stages 4 and 5 CKD are optimally managed within a multidisciplinary care setting. This provides an opportunity to create a "patient centered" approach to renal replacement modality options and conservative care. The care team engages with the patient and caregivers to assist with the understanding of their health status, modality and vascular access selection, and overall living with the comorbidity of chronic illness. A systematic approach to provision of education, modality, and access selection, are in part, driven by the patient's expected survival and need for dialysis, the risks and benefits with different modalities, and access and adaptation to their preferences and home situations...
July 2016: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
Belkacem Issad, Guy Rostoker, Corinne Bagnis, Gilbert Deray
Acute renal failure (ARF) in adults in the intensive care unit (ICU) often evolves in a context of multiple organ failure, which explains the high mortality rate and increase treatment needs. Among, two modalities of renal replacement therapy, peritoneal dialysis (PD) was the first modality used for the treatment of ARF in the 1950s. Today, while PD is generalized for chronic renal failure treatment, its use in the ICU is limited, particularly, due to the advent of new hemodialysis techniques and the development of continuous replacement therapy...
July 2016: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
Leyat Tal, Joseph R Angelo, Ayse Akcan-Arikan
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is generally considered the preferred extracorporeal therapy for neonates with acute kidney injury (AKI). However, there are situations when PD is not suitable, such as in patients with previous abdominal surgery, hyperammonemia and significant ascites or anasarca. Additionally, with a need to start PD soon after catheter placement, there is increased risk of PD catheter leak and infection. Extracorporeal continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is challenging in severely ill neonates as it requires obtaining adequately sized central venous access to accommodate adequate blood flow rates and also adaptation of a CRRT machine meant for older children and adults...
November 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Belén Marrón, Janusz Ostrowski, Marietta Török, Delia Timofte, Attila Orosz, Andrzej Kosicki, Alicja Całka, Daniela Moro, Dezider Kosa, Jenö Redl, Abdul Rashid Qureshi, Jose Carolino Divino-Filho
INTRODUCTION: Integrated Care Settings (ICS) provide a holistic approach to the transition from chronic kidney disease into renal replacement therapy (RRT), offering at least both types of dialysis. OBJECTIVES: To analyze which factors determine type of referral, modality provision and dialysis start on final RRT in ICS clinics. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 626 patients starting dialysis in 25 ICS clinics in Poland, Hungary and Romania during 2012...
2016: PloS One
Alison Smith, Robert Cacchione, Ed Miller, Lindsay McElmurray, Robert Allen, Abigail Stocker, Thomas L Abell, Michael G Hughes
We compared outcomes for two gastric electrical stimulation placement strategies, minilaparotomy with adjunctive care (MLAC) versus laparoscopy without adjunctive care (LAPA). For electrode placement, the peritoneal cavity was accessed with either a single 2.5 to 3.0 cm midline incision (MLAC) or three trocar incisions (LAPA). For both groups, generator was placed subcutaneously over the anterior rectus sheath. For MLAC, adjunctive pain control measures were used for placement of both electrode and generator (transversus abdominus plane block)...
April 2016: American Surgeon
Dugan W Maddux, Len A Usvyat, Daniel DeFalco, Peter Kotanko, Jeroen P Kooman, Frank M van der Sande, Franklin W Maddux
BACKGROUND: Pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) care impacts dialysis start and incident dialysis outcomes. We describe the use of late stage CKD population data coupled with CKD case management to improve dialysis start. METHODS: The Renal Care Coordinator (RCC) program is a nephrology practice and Fresenius Medical Care North America (FMCNA) partnership involving a case manager resource and data analytics. We studied patients starting dialysis between August 1, 2009 and February 28, 2013 in 9 nephrology practices partnering in the RCC program...
March 2016: Clinical Nephrology
Patrick J Gleeson, Itzchak Slotki, Jorge B Cannata-Andia, David W P Lappin
The Renal Section of the European Union of Medical Specialists is working towards harmonization and optimization of nephrology training across Europe and its Mediterranean borders. In addition to the need for harmonization of the heterogeneous time dedicated to training, it is necessary to ensure that the learning environment is of a sufficiently high standard to develop skilled specialists. Thus, there is a need to review the core educational infrastructure and resources that should be provided to trainees in order to be considered centres of excellence for nephrology training...
February 2016: Clinical Kidney Journal
Christophe Vinsonneau, Emma Allain-Launay, Clarisse Blayau, Michael Darmon, Damien Ducheyron, Theophile Gaillot, Patrick M Honore, Etienne Javouhey, Thierry Krummel, Annie Lahoche, Serge Letacon, Matthieu Legrand, Mehran Monchi, Christophe Ridel, René Robert, Frederique Schortgen, Bertrand Souweine, Patrick Vaillant, Lionel Velly, David Osman, Ly Van Vong
Acute renal failure (ARF) in critically ill patients is currently very frequent and requires renal replacement therapy (RRT) in many patients. During the last 15 years, several studies have considered important issues regarding the use of RRT in ARF, like the time to initiate the therapy, the dialysis dose, the types of catheter, the choice of technique, and anticoagulation. However, despite an abundant literature, conflicting results do not provide evidence on RRT implementation. We present herein recommendations for the use of RRT in adult and pediatric intensive care developed with the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system by an expert group of French Intensive Care Society (SRLF), with the participation of the French Society of Anesthesia and Intensive Care (SFAR), the French Group for Pediatric Intensive Care and Emergencies (GFRUP), and the French Dialysis Society (SFD)...
December 2015: Annals of Intensive Care
Matthew Barclay, Carolynn Gildea, Jason Poole, Lynn Hirschowitz, Usha Menon, Andrew Nordin
OBJECTIVE: International studies show lower survival rates in the United Kingdom than other countries with comparable health care systems. We report on factors associated with excess mortality in the first year after diagnosis of primary invasive epithelial ovarian, tubal, and primary peritoneal cancer. METHODS: Routinely collected national data were used for patients diagnosed in England in 2008 to 2010. A multivariate Poisson model was used to model excess mortality in 3 periods covering the first year after diagnosis, adjusting for various factors including age at diagnosis, route to diagnosis, tumor stage, tumor morphology, and treatment received...
January 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Aleš Chrdle, Nad'a Mallátová, Martina Vašáková, Jan Haber, David W Denning
We have estimated the number of serious fungal infections in the Czech Republic. All published epidemiology papers reporting Czech fungal infection rates were identified. Where no data existed, we used specific populations at risk and fungal infection frequencies in those populations. Population statistics were obtained from the 2011 Census data, prevalence and incidence data for at-risk conditions were obtained from publicly accessible healthcare statistics and relevant surveys. We estimate that 152,840 Czech women suffer with recurrent vaginal thrush...
October 2015: Mycoses
Mizuya Fukasawa
INTRODUCTION: To promote the increase in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD) in Japan, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Access started offering workshops on peritoneal access (PA) preparation procedures for doctors with less experience. Since the transfer of technology used in surgical procedures is difficult in small communities such as individual hospitals, a specialist group such as a society should take the initiative and fulfill this responsibility. METHODS: Here we used a hybrid simulator developed by Terumo Medical Pranex that uses the abdominal wall of an edible pig (a lump from the peritoneum to skin) and a mannequin...
November 2015: Journal of Vascular Access
André Alex Grassmann, Alan John Alexander McBride, Jarlath E Nally, Melissa J Caimano
Leptospira interrogans can infect a myriad of mammalian hosts, including humans (Bharti et al., 2003; Ko et al., 2009). Following acquisition by a suitable host, leptospires disseminate via the bloodstream to multiple tissues, including the kidneys, where they adhere to and colonize the proximal convoluted renal tubules (Athanazio et al., 2008). Infected hosts shed large number of spirochetes in their urine and the leptospires can survive in different environmental conditions before transmission to another host...
July 20, 2015: Bio-protocol
Robert M Kalicki, Sibylle Eicken, Suzan Dahdal, Dominik E Uehlinger
Extracorporeal renal replacement therapy is one of the most successful stories of artificial organ replacement. The current article describes the important steps in the evolution of renal replacement therapy towards modern state of the art peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis. Open questions and possibilities for future developments are discussed. Today patients have a choice with respect to the method used to replace their failing kidney. However, in order to carefully plan and select the best possible method for a patient, he has to be seen and confronted with the various methods by a nephrologist at least six month before the necessity to start renal replacement therapy...
August 2015: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
Eiji Kanehira, Aya Kamei, Akiko Umezawa, Atsushi Kurita, Takashi Tanida, Masafumi Nakagi
BACKGROUND: The treatment options for gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GITSs) at the esophagogastric junction (EGJ) are controversial. There have been reports on enucleation for EGJ GISTs in order to avoid gastrectomy. But the number of patients is too small, or the follow-up period is too short to evaluate it. The purpose of this study was to review our experience of 59 patients with EGJ GISTs treated by enucleation by percutaneous endoscopic intragastric surgery (PEIGS) and assess the clinical outcomes...
May 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Kees H Polderman, Marko Noc, Albertus Beishuizen, Hagen Biermann, Armand R J Girbes, Griffeth W Tully, Daniel Seidman, Per Arne Albertsson, Michael Holmberg, Fritz Sterz, Michael Holzer
OBJECTIVES: Hypothermia (32-34 °C) can mitigate ischemic brain injury, and some evidence suggests that it can reduce infarct size in acute myocardial infarction and acute ischemic stroke. For some indications, speed of cooling may be crucial in determining efficacy. We performed a multicenter prospective intervention study to test an ultrarapid cooling technology, the Velomedix Automated Peritoneal Lavage System using ice-cold fluids continuously circulating through the peritoneal cavity to rapidly induce and maintain hypothermia in comatose patients after cardiac arrest and a small number of awake patients with acute myocardial infarction...
October 2015: Critical Care Medicine
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