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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523038/a-comparison-of-preoperative-and-postoperative-testicular-volume-and-blood-flow-in-patients-with-inguinal-hernia-hydrocele-and-cord-cyst-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Ahmet Ali Tuncer, Tamer Peker, Mehtap Berke Acar, Didem Baskin Embleton, Salih Cetinkursun
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of inguinal operations performed with a modified Ferguson technique upon testicular volume and blood flow. METHODS: This study involved 23 children receiving surgery for inguinal hernia, hydrocele, and cord cyst. This was a prospective study performed between April 2016 and June 2016 in a medical faculty pediatric surgery unit. The color Doppler ultrasound (CDUS) was used to assess testicular volume and blood flow before and after a modified Ferguson technique surgery...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517368/testicular-thermoregulation-scrotal-surface-temperature-patterns-and-semen-quality-of-water-buffalo-bulls-reared-in-a-tropical-climate
#2
L K X Silva, J S Sousa, A O A Silva, J B Lourenço Junior, C Faturi, L G Martorano, I M Franco, M H A Pantoja, D V Barros, A R Garcia
This study evaluated the capacity of thermoregulation and its consequences on the scrotal surface temperature patterns and semen quality of buffalo bulls raised in a wet tropical climate. Eleven water buffaloes were evaluated in the rainiest, in the transitional and in the less rainy season. Air temperature and humidity were consistently high, but the animals did not show thermal stress in any season. The scrotal temperature gradient of buffalo bulls using infrared thermography was described, and three parallel and decreasing thermal bands were characterised...
May 18, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514776/predictive-factors-for-developing-venous-thrombosis-during-cisplatin-based-chemotherapy-in-testicular-cancer
#3
Isabel Heidegger, Daniel Porres, Nica Veek, Axel Heidenreich, David Pfister
BACKGROUND: Malignancies and cisplatin-based chemotherapy are both known to correlate with a high risk of venous thrombotic events (VTT). In testicular cancer, the information regarding the incidence and reason of VTT in patients undergoing cisplatin-based chemotherapy is still discussed controversially. Moreover, no risk factors for developing a VTT during cisplatin-based chemotherapy have been elucidated so far. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 153 patients with testicular cancer undergoing cisplatin-based chemotherapy at our institution for the development of a VTT during or after chemotherapy...
May 18, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514260/differential-diagnostic-value-of-obstructive-and-nonobstructive-azoospermia-by-scrotal-ultrasound
#4
Jun Liu, Zhiqian Wang, Min Li, Mingyang Zhou, Weiwei Zhan
Our objective was to assess the differential diagnostic value of classification of obstructive versus nonobstructive azoospermia by scrotal ultrasound. Forty patients with azoospermia were selected for our study (ages, 23-35; average, 29 ± 5.34 years). Patients were divided into the obstructive (17) or nonobstructive (23) azoospermia category. Twenty "healthy" volunteers were selected for the control group. We observed the testis, epididymis, and vas deferens in all subjects. Testicular volumes were calculated and compared with the control group for both obstructive and nonobstructive groups...
May 16, 2017: Ultrasound Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498391/hypospadias-in-a-male-infant-with-an-unusual-mosaic-45-x-46-x-psu-idic-y-p11-32-46-xy-and-haploinsufficiency-of-shox-a-case-report
#5
Yan-Mei Si, Yuan Dong, Wei Wang, Ke-Yan Qi, Xin Wang
A male newborn presented with hypospadias and differential testicular volumes. Short femur length was detected four times during pregnancy, at 23, 31, 32 and 33 weeks, by ultrasonographic examination. Chromosome analysis was performed on peripheral lymphocytes obtained from the infant and his parents. Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), using sex determining region Y (SRY)/DXZ1 and DYZ3 probes, was performed to verify the deletion of the SRY gene (located on Yp11.3 region) and the activation of Y chromosomal centromeres...
May 10, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497463/can-haematologic-parameters-be-used-for-differential-diagnosis-of-testicular-torsion-and-epididymitis
#6
A Bitkin, M Aydın, B C Özgür, L Irkilata, E Akgunes, Mevlut Keles, H Sarıcı, M K Atilla
A differential diagnosis of testicular torsion and epididymitis has serious importance for testicular health. In emergency conditions, if testicular torsion goes unnoticed and epididymo-orchitis is diagnosed, organ loss may occur. This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of haematologic parameters for the diagnosis of both testicular torsion and epididymo-orchitis and for differential diagnosis of these two diseases. Patients were divided into three groups as those undergoing surgery for testicular torsion, those receiving medical treatment for epididymitis and a healthy control group...
May 12, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481072/-evaluation-of-testicular-growth-after-varicocele-treatment-in-early-childhood-and-adolescence-based-on-the-technique-used-palomo-ivanissevich-and-embolization
#7
V F Calderón Plazarte, J M Angulo Madero, C Soto Beauregard, N Pérez Romero, L F Ávila Ramírez, J Rodríguez-Alarcón García, J Moreno Sierra
OBJECTIVES: To analyze, depending on the technique employed, recurrence, symptomatic improvement and testicular growth following treatment of testicular varicocele. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive retrospective study of 69 pediatric and adolescent males diagnosed with varicocele treated in our center by open technique according Ivanissevich technique (IT), Palomo (PT) and percutaneous embolization (PE) between 2000-2014. Variables analyzed were age, symptoms, differential testicular volume (RV), employed technique, recurrence, symptomatic improvement and RV after treatment...
October 10, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481071/-long-term-evolution-of-detorsion-of-the-testes-after-acute-scrotum
#8
Y González Ruiz, B Izquierdo Hernández, P Bragagnini Rodríguez, A Siles Hinojosa, R Fernández Atuán, N Álvarez García, J Gracia Romero
OBJECTIVES: To assess the long-term evolution of the testicles preserved after testicular torsion (TT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We realized a prospective study by ultrasound of patients diagnosed TT that underwent orchidopexy. We reviewed 85 patients treated for acute scrotum (2004-2014), finding 49TT. We excluded from the study 15 perinatal torsions, 14 orchiectomies and 5 patients who refused to participate. We analyzed 15 patients, comparing testicular volumes between affected and contralateral testes, and the difference in volume between the two testes of the 15 cases with 14 control patients (Mann-Whitney U test)...
October 10, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479763/microdissection-testicular-sperm-extraction-in-men-with-nonobstructive-azoospermia-experience-of-king-saud-university-medical-city-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#9
Saleh Binsaleh, Dulaim Alhajeri, Khaled Madbouly
OBJECTIVES: Microdissection testicular sperm extraction (micro-TESE) is an optimal technique of sperm extraction for intracytoplasmic sperm injection. This study is to present our experience in micro-TESE and evaluate the relation of its sperm retrieval rate (SRR) with patients' characteristics, testicular functions, and histological parameters as well as previous sperm retrieval interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records of 255 patients with nonobstructive azoospermia who underwent micro-TESE between 2011 and 2014...
April 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478668/relationships-of-pyrethroids-exposure-with-gonadotropins-levels-and-pubertal-development-in-chinese-boys
#10
Xiaoqing Ye, Wuye Pan, Shilin Zhao, Yuehao Zhao, Yimin Zhu, Jing Liu, Weiping Liu
Although an acceleration of male pubertal development has been observed, precisely which endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) might contribute to the advancing onset of puberty in boys remains unclear. Here, pyrethroids, a class of widely used insecticides that have been as considered as EDCs, are proposed as new environmental risk factors. In this study, 463 boys at the age of 9-16 years old were recruited in Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China. The common metabolites of pyrethroids, 3-phenoxybenzoic acid (3-PBA) and 4-fluro-3-phenoxybenzoic acid (4-F-3-PBA), as well as the gonadotropins, including luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), were analyzed in urine samples...
May 8, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472487/11-oxygenated-androgens-are-biomarkers-of-adrenal-volume-and-testicular-adrenal-rest-tumors-in-21-hydroxylase-deficiency
#11
Adina F Turcu, Ashwini Mallappa, Meredith Elman, Nilo A Avila, Jamie Marko, Hamsini Rao, Alexander Tsodikov, Richard J Auchus, Deborah P Merke
Context: Patients with 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21OHD) suffer from long-term complications, which might result from poor disease control and/or glucocorticoid overtreatment. Lack of optimal biomarkers has made it challenging to tailor therapy and to predict long-term outcomes. Objective: To identify biomarkers of disease control and long-term complications in 21OHD. Setting and participants: Cross-sectional study of 114 patients (70 males), ages 2 to 67 (median, 15) years, seen in a tertiary referral center...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467339/the-primitive-extratesticular-seminoma-diagnosis-of-a-rare-pathology
#12
Luca Saba
 Background: The Primitive Extratesticular Seminoma is a very rare condition and represents 3% of germ cell tumors; it is an indeterminate origin disease, whose diagnosis is often complicated by a nonspecific and highly variable clinical finding. CASE PRESENTATION: A caucasian 55 years old male, non-smoker, arrived to our centre with cough, severe respiratory distress and dysphagia, in a context of the superior vena cava syndrome. A Computed Tomography was performed, which shows the presence of a mediastinal anterior mass with aorto-pulmonary window and left paracardiac invasion...
April 28, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464076/impact-of-a-timed-release-follicle-stimulating-hormone-treatment-from-one-to-three-months-of-age-on-endocrine-and-testicular-development-of-prepubertal-bulls
#13
B R Harstine, L H Cruppe, F M Abreu, M D Utt, R S Cipriano, A Lemes, C Premanandan, J M DeJarnette, M L Day
In prepubertal bulls, FSH facilitates testis maturation and a transient proliferation of Sertoli cells. Two experiments examined the effects of exogenous FSH on hormone secretion and testis development in Angus bulls. Exogenous FSH treatment consisted of an intramuscular injection (i.m.) of 30 mg FSH (Folltropin-V) in a 2% hyaluronic acid solution (FSH-HA). In Exp. 1, bulls (50 ± 6.5 d of age) received either FSH-HA ( = 5) or saline (control; = 5) on d 50 and 53.5. Blood samples were collected via jugular venipuncture to assess FSH concentrations every 6 h for 24 h after treatment and every 12 h until 84 h...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458905/silent-crooke-s-cell-corticotroph-adenoma-of-the-pituitary-gland-presenting-as-delayed-puberty
#14
Dinesh Giri, Federico Roncaroli, Ajay Sinha, Mohammed Didi, Senthil Senniappan
SUMMARY: Corticotroph adenomas are extremely rare in children and adolescents. We present a 15-year-old boy who was investigated for delayed puberty (A1P2G1, bilateral testicular volumes of 3 mL each). There was no clinical or laboratory evidence suggestive of chronic illness, and the initial clinical impression was constitutional delay in puberty. Subsequently, MRI scan of the brain revealed the presence of a mixed cystic and solid pituitary lesion slightly displacing the optic chiasma...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457857/bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-repair-cadmium-induced-rat-testis-injury-by-inhibiting-mitochondrial-apoptosis
#15
Yong-Jie Wang, Jun Yan, Xiao-Li Zou, Ke-Jun Guo, Yue Zhao, Chun-Yang Meng, Fei Yin, Li Guo
Cadmium is a highly toxic metal with widespread exposure to people that can cause tissue injuries that lack effective treatment. The aim of this project was to uncover whether bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) can repair cadmium-induced rat testis injury and to explore the role of mitochondrial apoptosis in this process. To this end, 21 adult male Wistar rats were randomly divided into control, model and therapy groups, 7 each, and were administered 0, 0.4 and 0.4 mg/kg body weight CdCl2 saline solution, respectively, by intraperitoneal injection 5 times per week for 5 weeks...
April 27, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443501/testicular-dysfunction-is-a-common-feature-in-men-with-type2-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-nigerian-tertiary-hospital
#16
Onung Samuel Inih, Young Ekenechukwu Esther, Fasanmade Olufemi Adetola, Anyanwu Anthony Chinedu, Nwatu Chidinma Brenda, Ohwovoriole Augustine Efedaye
BACKGROUND: Hypogonadism in male patients with diabetes mellitus is associated with older age, obesity and poor glycaemic control. The patterns of sperm count, testicular volume, sperm motility and morphology have also been reported to be abnormal in these patients, though reports are conflicting. The objectives of this study were to assess gonadal function and sperm parameters in Nigerian males with diabetes mellitus. METHODS: A study sample of 150 males consisting of 108 patients and 56 age-matched controls were recruited...
April 25, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438880/testicular-dose-during-prophylaxis-of-heterotopic-ossification-with-radiation-therapy
#17
Waleed F Mourad, John K Ma, Satyaseelan Packianathan, Weisi Yan, Sherif G Shaaban, Edward M Marchan, Lamiaa E Abdallah, Rei He, Paul N Mobit, Chunli Claus Yang, Srinivasan Vijayakumar
AIM: A single-institution, retrospective study was performed to investigate potential techniques to minimize radiation exposure to the testicles during heterotopic ossification (HO) prophylaxis. We report the impact of split-beam technique (SBT) and different photon energies on the total dose of radiation received by the testicles during prophylaxis of HO. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2008 and 2010, we identified 64 patients with traumatic acetabular fractures who underwent surgery followed by radiation therapy (RT) without testicular shielding...
May 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432399/-when-is-surgical-resection-of-metastases-in-testicular-germ-cell-tumors-indicated-and-is-there-a-scientific-basis
#18
A Heidenreich, P Paffenholz, F Haidl, D Pfister
Surgical resection of metastases represents an integral part of curative management in patients with testicular germ cell tumors (GCT). Primary nerve-sparing retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (nsRPLND) for low volume metastases in clinical stages I-IIB has to be differentiated from the more complex and more extensive postchemotherapeutic procedures. In Europe, primary nerve-sparing retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (nsRPLND) for clinical stage I nonseminomatous GCT (NSGCT) plays a subordinate. In clinical stage IIA/B, nsRPLND is indicated for patients with marker-negative metastases in whom cure rates of about 65% can be achieved with surgery alone...
April 21, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431984/thyroid-disrupting-pesticides-impair-the-hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular-axis-of-a-wildlife-bird-amandava-amandava
#19
Banalata Mohanty, Surya Prakash Pandey, Kazuyoshi Tsutsui
The effect of two thyroid disrupting pesticides (TDPs) mancozeb (MCZ) and imidacloprid (IMI) on the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal/testicular (HPG) axis of a seasonally breeding bird, Amandava amandava has been evaluated. Male birds (n=8/group) were exposed to each of the pesticide (0.25% LD50 of respective pesticide) as well as to their two equimixture doses (0.25% of LD50 of each and 0.5% LD50 of each) through food for 30d during pre-breeding stage of the reproductive cycle. Reduction in weight, volume and other histopathological features revealed testicular regression...
April 19, 2017: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429094/prospective-evaluation-of-scrotal-ultrasound-and-intratesticular-perfusion-by-color-coded-duplex-sonography-ccds-in-tese-patients-with-azoospermia
#20
Bora Altinkilic, Adrian Pilatz, Thorsten Diemer, Julia Wolf, Martin Bergmann, Sarah Schönbrunn, Uwe Ligges, Hans-Christian Schuppe, Wolfgang Weidner
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to assess whether CCDS might improve the outcome of testicular sperm retrieval in patients with azoospermia. Furthermore, we evaluated potential sonographic alterations of the testis before and after trifocal and Micro-TESE. METHODS: 78 patients were enrolled prospectively: 24 with obstructive azoospermia (OA) and 54 with non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA). 31 of 54 patients in the NOA group had negative surgical sperm retrieval...
April 20, 2017: World Journal of Urology
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