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mitochondrial transfer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140976/independent-degradation-in-genes-of-the-plastid-ndh-gene-family-in-species-of-the-orchid-genus-cymbidium-orchidaceae-epidendroideae
#1
Hyoung Tae Kim, Mark W Chase
In this paper, we compare ndh genes in the plastid genome of many Cymbidium species and three closely related taxa in Orchidaceae looking for evidence of ndh gene degradation. Among the 11 ndh genes, there were frequently large deletions in directly repeated or AT-rich regions. Variation in these degraded ndh genes occurs between individual plants, apparently at population levels in these Cymbidium species. It is likely that ndh gene transfers from the plastome to mitochondrial genome (chondriome) occurred independently in Orchidaceae and that ndh genes in the chondriome were also relatively recently transferred between distantly related species in Orchidaceae...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137996/mitochondrial-genome-of-diaphania-indica-saunders-lepidoptera-pyraloidea-and-implications-for-its-phylogeny
#2
Li-Shang Dai, Xu-Dong Zhou, Saima Kausar, Muhammad Nadeem Abbas, Liang Wu, Hai-Ling Zhou
The cucumber moth, Diaphania indica (Saunders) (Lepipdoptera: Pyralidae) is an economically important insect pest of cucurbits and is widely distributed in tropical and sub-tropical regions. Herein, we obtained entire mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) sequence of D. indica using polymerase chain reaction amplification and sequencing method. The complete mitogenome of D. indica is 15,367bp long, including 13 protein coding genes (PCGs), 22 transfer RNA genes (tRNAs), two ribosomal RNA genes (rRNAs) and an A+T rich element...
November 11, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137957/phylogenetic-analyses-of-transcriptome-data-resolve-familial-assignments-for-genera-of-the-red-algal-acrochaetiales-palmariales-complex-nemaliophycidae
#3
Gary W Saunders, Chris Jackson, Eric D Salomaki
Phylogenetic analyses of transcriptome data for representatives of the red algal Acrochaetiales-Palmariales Complex provided robust support for the assignment of genera to the constituent families. In the Acrochaetiales, the genera Acrochaetium, Grania, and an unnamed genus-level lineage (Acrochaetiac sp._1Aus) were assigned to the Acrochaetiaceae, while Audouinella is placed in a resurrected Audouinellaceae and Rhodochorton and Rhododrewia constitute the resurrected Rhodochortonaceae. For the Palmariales, transcriptome data solidly support the inclusion of Camontagnea and Rhodothamniella in the Rhodothamniellaceae, Meiodiscus and Rubrointrusa in the Meiodiscaceae, Rhodonematella and Rhodophysema in the Rhodophysemataceae, while Devaleraea and Palmaria remained in the Palmariaceae...
November 11, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137151/the-complete-mitogenome-of-the-wood-feeding-cockroach-cryptocercus-meridianus-blattodea-cryptocercidae-and-its-phylogenetic-relationship-among-cockroach-families
#4
Weijun Li, Zongqing Wang, Yanli Che
In this study, the complete mitochondrial genome of Cryptocercus meridianus was sequenced. The circular mitochondrial genome is 15,322 bp in size and contains 13 protein-coding genes, two ribosomal RNA genes (12S rRNA and 16S rRNA), 22 transfer RNA genes, and one D-loop region. We compare the mitogenome of C. meridianus with that of C. relictus and C. kyebangensis. The base composition of the whole genome was 45.20%, 9.74%, 16.06%, and 29.00% for A, G, C, and T, respectively; it shows a high AT content (74...
November 12, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135293/-from-the-hallervorden-spatz-eponym-to-the-molecular-terminology
#5
Ferenc Garzuly
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: A combination of Niemann-Pick- and Hallervorden-Spatz diseases led to the death of a 17-year-old boy in 1994. Genetic counseling necessitated further investigations in 2017. Meanwhile, the nomenclature of Hallervorden-Spatz disease has been abandoned. The author analyze the reasons for this change. METHOD: Professional activities of Hallervorden and Spatz during and after the Nazi euthanasia program are presented. Also, the scientific efforts that led to the discovery of the genetic background of the disease and ultimately to its new name are highlighted...
October 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135280/factors-affecting-mouse-somatic-cell-nuclear-reprogramming-by-rabbit-ooplasms
#6
Xia Huang, Lili Song, Zhiyan Zhan, Haihui Gu, Haizhong Feng, Yanxin Li
Successful development of interspecies somatic cell nuclear transfer (iSCNT) embryos depends on compatibilities between ooplasmic and nuclear components. However, the mechanisms by which the compatibilities are regulated are still unknown. In this study, using mouse Oct4-green fluorescent protein (GFP) cells as donors and rabbit oocytes as recipients, we show that Oct4 and other pluripotency related genes were reactivated in some of mouse-rabbit iSCNT embryos, which could also activate Oct4 promoter-driven GFP reporter gene expression...
November 14, 2017: Cellular Reprogramming
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134018/a-gene-tree-test-of-the-traditional-taxonomy-of-american-deer-the-importance-of-voucher-specimens-geographic-data-and-dense-sampling
#7
Eliécer E Gutiérrez, Kristofer M Helgen, Molly M McDonough, Franziska Bauer, Melissa T R Hawkins, Luis A Escobedo-Morales, Bruce D Patterson, Jesús E Maldonado
The taxonomy of American deer has been established almost entirely on the basis of morphological data and without the use of explicit phylogenetic methods; hence, phylogenetic analyses including data for all of the currently recognized species, even if based on a single gene, might improve current understanding of their taxonomy. We tested the monophyly of the morphology-defined genera and species of New World deer (Odocoileini) with phylogenetic analyses of mitochondrial DNA sequences. This is the first such test conducted using extensive geographic and taxonomic sampling...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133414/correlating-kinetic-and-structural-data-on-ubiquinone-binding-and-reduction-by-respiratory-complex-i
#8
Justin G Fedor, Andrew J Y Jones, Andrea Di Luca, Ville R I Kaila, Judy Hirst
Respiratory complex I (NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase), one of the largest membrane-bound enzymes in mammalian cells, powers ATP synthesis by using the energy from electron transfer from NADH to ubiquinone-10 to drive protons across the energy-transducing mitochondrial inner membrane. Ubiquinone-10 is extremely hydrophobic, but in complex I the binding site for its redox-active quinone headgroup is ∼20 Å above the membrane surface. Structural data suggest it accesses the site by a narrow channel, long enough to accommodate almost all of its ∼50-Å isoprenoid chain...
November 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133404/correction-for-sansone-et-al-packaging-and-transfer-of-mitochondrial-dna-via-exosomes-regulate-escape-from-dormancy-in-hormonal-therapy-resistant-breast-cancer
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133387/insights-into-functions-of-the-h-channel-of-cytochrome-c-oxidase-from-atomistic-molecular-dynamics-simulations
#10
Vivek Sharma, Pablo G Jambrina, Markus Kaukonen, Edina Rosta, Peter R Rich
Proton pumping A-type cytochrome c oxidase (CcO) terminates the respiratory chains of mitochondria and many bacteria. Three possible proton transfer pathways (D, K, and H channels) have been identified based on structural, functional, and mutational data. Whereas the D channel provides the route for all pumped protons in bacterial A-type CcOs, studies of bovine mitochondrial CcO have led to suggestions that its H channel instead provides this route. Here, we have studied H-channel function by performing atomistic molecular dynamics simulations on the entire, as well as core, structure of bovine CcO in a lipid-solvent environment...
November 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127415/sequencing-and-characterization-of-the-complete-mitochondrial-genome-of-japanese-swellshark-cephalloscyllium-umbratile
#11
Ke-Cheng Zhu, Yin-Yin Liang, Na Wu, Hua-Yang Guo, Nan Zhang, Shi-Gui Jiang, Dian-Chang Zhang
To further comprehend the genome features of Cephalloscyllium umbratile (Carcharhiniformes), an endangered species, the complete mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) was firstly sequenced and annotated. The full-length mtDNA of C. umbratile was 16,697 bp and contained ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes, 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 23 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes, and a major non-coding control region. Each PCG was initiated by an authoritative ATN codon, except for COX1 initiated by a GTG codon. Seven of 13 PCGs had a typical TAA termination codon, while others terminated with a single T or TA...
November 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124426/molecular-chaperones-involved-in-mitochondrial-iron-sulfur-protein-biogenesis
#12
REVIEW
Rafal Dutkiewicz, Malgorzata Nowak
Iron-sulfur (FeS) clusters are prosthetic groups critical for the function of many proteins in all domains of life. FeS proteins function in processes ranging from oxidative phosphorylation and cofactor biosyntheses to DNA/RNA metabolism and regulation of gene expression. In eukaryotic cells, mitochondria play a central role in the process of FeS biogenesis and support maturation of FeS proteins localized within mitochondria and in other cellular compartments. In humans, defects in mitochondrial FeS cluster biogenesis lead to numerous pathologies, which are often fatal...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry: JBIC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124263/photoinduced-electron-transfer-reaction-in-mitochondria-for-spatiotemporal-selective-photo-oxidation-of-lipids-by-donor-acceptor-linked-molecules
#13
Yuta Takano, Erina Hanai, Hiroshi Imahori
Donor-acceptor-linked molecules have been synthesized and utilized to induce the rapid and site-selective lipid-oxidation in mitochondria by utilizing a photoinduced intermolecular electron transfer reaction. Two water-soluble donor-acceptor molecules (1 and 2) were designed and synthesized for this purpose. 2 was prepared to modulate its affinity to cell membrane in mitochondria. Confocal laser microscopy experiments revealed that 1 and 2 possess high localization abilities in mitochondria. By the photoinduced electron transfer, 2 exhibited the remarkable oxidation ability of lipids, mainly cardiolipin...
November 10, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122468/an-intronic-variation-in-slc52a1-causes-exon-skipping-and-transient-riboflavin-responsive-multiple-acyl-coa-dehydrogenation-deficiency
#14
Signe Mosegaard, Gitte Hoffmann Bruun, Karen Freund Flyvbjerg, Yngve Thomas Bliksrud, Niels Gregersen, Maja Dembic, Ellen Annexstad, Trine Tangeraas, Rikke Katrine Jentoft Olsen, Brage S Andresen
Vitamin B2, riboflavin is essential for cellular function, as it participates in a diversity of redox reactions central to human metabolism, through its role as precursor for the cofactors flavin mononucleotide (FMN) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD), which are electron carriers. The electron transfer flavoprotein (ETF) and its dehydrogenase (ETFDH), uses FAD as cofactor. The ETF and ETFDH are forming the electron transport pathway for many mitochondrial flavoprotein dehydrogenases involved in fatty acid, amino acid and choline metabolism...
November 2, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121011/assisted-reproductive-technologies-to-prevent-human-mitochondrial-disease-transmission
#15
Andy Greenfield, Peter Braude, Frances Flinter, Robin Lovell-Badge, Caroline Ogilvie, Anthony C F Perry
Mitochondria are essential cytoplasmic organelles that generate energy (ATP) by oxidative phosphorylation and mediate key cellular processes such as apoptosis. They are maternally inherited and in humans contain a 16,569-base-pair circular genome (mtDNA) encoding 37 genes required for oxidative phosphorylation. Mutations in mtDNA cause a range of pathologies, commonly affecting energy-demanding tissues such as muscle and brain. Because mitochondrial diseases are incurable, attention has focused on limiting the inheritance of pathogenic mtDNA by mitochondrial replacement therapy (MRT)...
November 9, 2017: Nature Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120073/astrocytic-and-neuronal-oxidative-metabolism-are-coupled-to-the-rate-of-glutamate-glutamine-cycle-in-the-tree-shrew-visual-cortex
#16
Sarah Sonnay, Jordan Poirot, Nathalie Just, Anne-Catherine Clerc, Rolf Gruetter, Gregor Rainer, João M N Duarte
Astrocytes play an important role in glutamatergic neurotransmission, namely by clearing synaptic glutamate and converting it into glutamine that is transferred back to neurons. The rate of this glutamate-glutamine cycle (VNT ) has been proposed to couple to that of glucose utilization and of neuronal tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that glutamatergic neurotransmission is also coupled to the TCA cycle rate in astrocytes. For that we investigated energy metabolism by means of magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) in the primary visual cortex of tree shrews (Tupaia belangeri) under light isoflurane anesthesia at rest and during continuous visual stimulation...
November 9, 2017: Glia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118824/experience-from-the-first-live-birth-derived-from-oocyte-nuclear-transfer-as-a-treatment-strategy-for-mitochondrial-diseases
#17
J Slone, J Zhang, T Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine: An International Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118738/monitoring-of-dual-crispr-cas9-mediated-steroidogenic-acute-regulatory-protein-gene-deletion-and-cholesterol-accumulation-using-high-resolution-fluorescence-in-situ-hybridization-in-a-single-cell
#18
Jinwoo Lee, Colin Jefcoate
Recent advances in fluorescence microscopy, coupled with CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing technology, provide opportunities for understanding gene regulation at the single-cell level. The application of direct imaging shown here provides an in situ side-by-side comparison of CRISPR/Cas9-edited cells and adjacent unedited cells. We apply this methodology to the steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) gene in Y-1 adrenal cells and MA-10 testis cells. StAR is a gatekeeper protein that controls the access of cholesterol from the cytoplasm to the inner mitochondria...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117219/cellular-and-exosome-mediated-molecular-defense-mechanism-in-bovine-granulosa-cells-exposed-to-oxidative-stress
#19
Mohammed Saeed-Zidane, Lea Linden, Dessie Salilew-Wondim, Eva Held, Christiane Neuhoff, Ernst Tholen, Michael Hoelker, Karl Schellander, Dawit Tesfaye
Various environmental insults including diseases, heat and oxidative stress could lead to abnormal growth, functions and apoptosis in granulosa cells during ovarian follicle growth and oocyte maturation. Despite the fact that cells exposed to oxidative stress are responding transcriptionally, the potential release of transcripts associated with oxidative stress response into extracellular space through exosomes is not yet determined. Therefore, here we aimed to investigate the effect of oxidative stress in bovine granulosa cells in vitro on the cellular and exosome mediated defense mechanisms...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116454/characterization-of-the-complete-mitochondrial-genome-of-marshallagia-marshalli-and-phylogenetic-implications-for-the-superfamily-trichostrongyloidea
#20
Miao-Miao Sun, Liang Han, Fu-Kai Zhang, Dong-Hui Zhou, Shu-Qing Wang, Jun Ma, Xing-Quan Zhu, Guo-Hua Liu
Marshallagia marshalli (Nematoda: Trichostrongylidae) infection can lead to serious parasitic gastroenteritis in sheep, goat, and wild ruminant, causing significant socioeconomic losses worldwide. Up to now, the study concerning the molecular biology of M. marshalli is limited. Herein, we sequenced the complete mitochondrial (mt) genome of M. marshalli and examined its phylogenetic relationship with selected members of the superfamily Trichostrongyloidea using Bayesian inference (BI) based on concatenated mt amino acid sequence datasets...
November 7, 2017: Parasitology Research
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