keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

mitochondrial transfer

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918334/inner-mechanism-of-protection-of-mitochondrial-electron-transfer-proteins-against-oxidative-damage-focus-on-hydrogen-peroxide-decomposition
#1
Erik Sedlak, Andrej Musatov
It is generally recognized that the mitochondria are the major source of reactive oxygen species including hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Although the local concentration of H2O2 near the electron-transfer chain is potentially quite high, the chain's components are rarely found to be significantly damaged by H2O2. Our experimental data, as well as the data published by others, suggest that mitochondrial electron-transfer proteins, which are in the first line to be harmed by ROS, are well prepared to defend themselves...
September 13, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917260/roles-of-sigma-1-receptors-on-mitochondrial-functions-relevant-to-neurodegenerative-diseases
#2
REVIEW
Tzu-Yu Weng, Shang-Yi Anne Tsai, Tsung-Ping Su
The sigma-1 receptor (Sig-1R) is a chaperone that resides mainly at the mitochondrion-associated endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane (called the MAMs) and acts as a dynamic pluripotent modulator in living systems. At the MAM, the Sig-1R is known to play a role in regulating the Ca(2+) signaling between ER and mitochondria and in maintaining the structural integrity of the MAM. The MAM serves as bridges between ER and mitochondria regulating multiple functions such as Ca(2+) transfer, energy exchange, lipid synthesis and transports, and protein folding that are pivotal to cell survival and defense...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914132/reverse-electron-transfer-results-in-a-loss-of-flavin-from-mitochondrial-complex-i-potential-mechanism-for-brain-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#3
Anna Stepanova, Anja Kahl, Csaba Konrad, Vadim Ten, Anatoly S Starkov, Alexander Galkin
Ischemic stroke is one of the most prevalent sources of disability in the world. The major brain tissue damage takes place upon the reperfusion of ischemic tissue. Energy failure due to alterations in mitochondrial metabolism and elevated production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is one of the main causes of brain ischemia-reperfusion (IR) damage. Ischemia resulted in the accumulation of succinate in tissues, which favors the process of reverse electron transfer (RET) when a fraction of electrons derived from succinate is directed to mitochondrial complex I for the reduction of matrix NAD(+)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913775/complete-mitochondrial-genome-of-taharana-fasciana-insecta-hemiptera-cicadellidae-and-comparison-with-other-cicadellidae-insects
#4
Jiajia Wang, Hu Li, Renhuai Dai
Here, we describe the first complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) sequence of the leafhopper Taharana fasciana (Coelidiinae). The mitogenome sequence contains 15,161 bp with an A + T content of 77.9%. It includes 13 protein-coding genes, two ribosomal RNA genes, 22 transfer RNA genes, and one non-coding (A + T-rich) region; in addition, a repeat region is also present (GenBank accession no. KY886913). These genes/regions are in the same order as in the inferred insect ancestral mitogenome. All protein-coding genes have ATN as the start codon, and TAA or single T as the stop codons, except the gene ND3, which ends with TAG...
September 14, 2017: Genetica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913729/exome-array-analysis-identifies-etfb-as-a-novel-susceptibility-gene-for-anthracycline-induced-cardiotoxicity-in-cancer-patients
#5
Sara Ruiz-Pinto, Guillermo Pita, Miguel Martín, Teresa Alonso-Gordoa, Daniel R Barnes, María R Alonso, Belén Herraez, Purificación García-Miguel, Javier Alonso, Antonio Pérez-Martínez, Antonio J Cartón, Federico Gutiérrez-Larraya, José A García-Sáenz, Javier Benítez, Douglas F Easton, Ana Patiño-García, Anna González-Neira
PURPOSE: Anthracyclines are widely used chemotherapeutic drugs that can cause progressive and irreversible cardiac damage and fatal heart failure. Several genetic variants associated with anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity (AIC) have been identified, but they explain only a small proportion of the interindividual differences in AIC susceptibility. METHODS: In this study, we evaluated the association of low-frequency variants with risk of chronic AIC using the Illumina HumanExome BeadChip array in a discovery cohort of 61 anthracycline-treated breast cancer patients with replication in a second independent cohort of 83 anthracycline-treated pediatric cancer patients, using gene-based tests (SKAT-O)...
September 14, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911970/mesenchymal-stem-cells-alleviate-oxidative-stress-induced-mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-the-airways
#6
Xiang Li, Charalambos Michaeloudes, Yuelin Zhang, Coen H Wiegman, Ian M Adcock, Qizhou Lian, Judith C W Mak, Pankaj K Bhavsar, Kian Fan Chung
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress-induced mitochondrial dysfunction may contribute to inflammation and remodeling in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) protect against lung damage in animal models of COPD. It is unknown whether these effects occur through attenuating mitochondrial dysfunction in airway cells. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of induced-pluripotent stem cell-derived MSCs (iPSC-MSCs) on oxidative stress-induce mitochondrial dysfunction in human airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs) in vitro and in mouse lungs in vivo...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894150/melatonin-enhances-the-developmental-competence-of-porcine-somatic-cell-nuclear-transfer-embryos-by-preventing-dna-damage-induced-by-oxidative-stress
#7
Shuang Liang, Yong-Xun Jin, Bao Yuan, Jia-Bao Zhang, Nam-Hyung Kim
Melatonin has antioxidant and scavenger effects in the cellular antioxidant system. This research investigated the protective effects and underlying mechanisms of melatonin action in porcine somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) embryos. The results suggested that the developmental competence of porcine SCNT embryos was considerably enhanced after melatonin treatment. In addition, melatonin attenuated the increase in reactive oxygen species levels induced by oxidative stress, the decrease in glutathione levels, and the mitochondrial dysfunction...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893805/melas-syndrome-associated-with-a-new-mitochondrial-trna-val-gene-mutation-m-1616a-g
#8
Yuka Toyoshima, Yuji Tanaka, Kazuo Satomi
We describe the case of a 40-year-old-man with mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) syndrome, with cardiomyopathy and severe heart failure. He had a mitochondrial transfer RNA (tRNA) mutation (m.1616A>G) of the (tRNA-Val) gene, and it was not found in MELAS syndrome ever before. The presence of this newly observed tRNA-Val mutation (m.1616A>G) may induce multiple respiratory chain enzyme deficiencies and contribute to MELAS syndrome symptoms that are associated with mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893537/cytoplasmic-transfer-of-heritable-elements-other-than-mtdna-from-samp1-mice-into-mouse-tumor-cells-suppresses-their-ability-to-form-tumors-in-c57bl6-mice
#9
Akinori Shimizu, Haruna Tani, Gaku Takibuchi, Kaori Ishikawa, Ryota Sakurazawa, Takafumi Inoue, Tetsuo Hashimoto, Kazuto Nakada, Keizo Takenaga, Jun-Ichi Hayashi
In a previous study, we generated transmitochondrial P29mtSAMP1 cybrids, which had nuclear DNA from the C57BL6 (referred to as B6) mouse strain-derived P29 tumor cells and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) exogenously-transferred from the allogeneic strain SAMP1. Because P29mtSAMP1 cybrids did not form tumors in syngeneic B6 mice, we proposed that allogeneic SAMP1 mtDNA suppressed tumor formation of P29mtSAMP1 cybrids. To test this hypothesis, current study generated P29mt(sp)B6 cybrids carrying all genomes (nuclear DNA and mtDNA) from syngeneic B6 mice by eliminating SAMP1 mtDNA from P29mtSAMP1 cybrids and reintroducing B6 mtDNA...
September 9, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892557/the-basis-of-differences-in-thermodynamic-efficiency-among-skeletal-muscles
#10
C J Barclay
Muscles convert chemical free energy into mechanical work. The energy conversion occurs in two steps. First, free energy obtained from oxidation of metabolic substrates (ΔGS ) is transferred to ATP and, second, free energy from ATP hydrolysis (ΔGATP ) is converted into work by myosin cross-bridges. The fraction of ΔGS transferred to ATP is called mitochondrial efficiency (ηM ) and the fraction of ΔGATP converted into work is called cross-bridge efficiency (ηCB ). Overall cross-bridge efficiency varies among muscles from ~20% and 35% and the analysis presented in the current studies shows that this variation is largely due to differences in ηCB whereas ηM is similar (~80%) in all the muscles assessed...
September 11, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882209/combined-biochemical-biophysical-and-cellular-methods-to-study-fe-s-cluster-transfer-and-cytosolic-aconitase-repair-by-mitoneet
#11
Cécile Mons, Ioana Ferecatu, Sylvie Riquier, Ewen Lescop, Cécile Bouton, Marie-Pierre Golinelli-Cohen
MitoNEET is the first identified Fe-S protein anchored to mammalian outer mitochondrial membranes with the vast majority of the protein polypeptide located in the cytosol, including its [2Fe-2S] cluster-binding domain. The coordination of the cluster is unusual and involves three cysteines and one histidine. MitoNEET is capable of transferring its redox-active Fe-S cluster to a bacterial apo-ferredoxin in vitro even under aerobic conditions, unlike other Fe-S transfer proteins such as ISCU. This specificity suggests its possible involvement in Fe-S repair after oxidative and/or nitrosative stress...
2017: Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882200/fe-s-cluster-hsp70-chaperones-the-atpase-cycle-and-protein-interactions
#12
Rafal Dutkiewicz, Malgorzata Nowak, Elizabeth A Craig, Jaroslaw Marszalek
Hsp70 chaperones and their obligatory J-protein cochaperones function together in many cellular processes. Via cycles of binding to short stretches of exposed amino acids on substrate proteins, Hsp70/J-protein chaperones not only facilitate protein folding but also drive intracellular protein transport, biogenesis of cellular structures, and disassembly of protein complexes. The biogenesis of iron-sulfur (Fe-S) clusters is one of the critical cellular processes that require Hsp70/J-protein action. Fe-S clusters are ubiquitous cofactors critical for activity of proteins performing diverse functions in, for example, metabolism, RNA/DNA transactions, and environmental sensing...
2017: Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879486/f%C3%A3-rster-resonance-energy-transfer-study-of-cytochrome-c-lipid-interactions
#13
Galyna P Gorbenko, Valeriya Trusova, Julian G Molotkovsky
Specific interactions between a mitochondrial hemoprotein cytochrome c (cyt c) and cardiolipin, a lipid component of mitochondrial membrane, are crucial to electron shuttling and apoptotic activities of this protein. In the present study the Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) between anthrylvinyl-labeled phosphatidylcholine as a donor and heme moiety of cyt c as an acceptor was employed to give a quantitative characterization of the protein binding to the model membranes from the mixtures of phosphatidylcholine (PC) with phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phosphatidylserine (PS) or cardiolipin (CL) in different molar ratios...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879348/the-elemental-role-of-iron-in-dna-synthesis-and-repair
#14
REVIEW
Sergi Puig, Lucía Ramos-Alonso, Antonia María Romero, María Teresa Martínez-Pastor
Iron is an essential redox element that functions as a cofactor in many metabolic pathways. Critical enzymes in DNA metabolism, including multiple DNA repair enzymes (helicases, nucleases, glycosylases, demethylases) and ribonucleotide reductase, use iron as an indispensable cofactor to function. Recent striking results have revealed that the catalytic subunit of DNA polymerases also contains conserved cysteine-rich motifs that bind iron-sulfur (Fe/S) clusters that are essential for the formation of stable and active complexes...
September 7, 2017: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877774/complete-mitochondrial-genome-of-bamboo-grasshopper-ceracris-fasciata-and-the-phylogenetic-analyses-and-divergence-time-estimation-of-caelifera-orthoptera
#15
S Gao, J J Chen, G F Jiang
The bamboo grasshopper Ceracris fasciata is regarded as a major pest species because of the damage it causes to bamboo, and its classification within the families and subfamilies of the suborder Caelifera remains unclear. Thus, we attempted to resolve these questions using molecular biology methods and analyses. Our results are as follows: (1) the complete mitochondrial genome of C. fasciata is 15,569 bp in length. The mitochondrial genome contains a standard set of 13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNA genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes and an A + T-rich region in the same order as those of the other analysed Caeliferan species...
September 7, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876046/electron-bifurcation-thermodynamics-and-kinetics-of-two-electron-brokering-in-biological-redox-chemistry
#16
Peng Zhang, Jonathon L Yuly, Carolyn E Lubner, David W Mulder, Paul W King, John W Peters, David N Beratan
How can proteins drive two electrons from a redox active donor onto two acceptors at very different potentials and distances? And how can this transaction be conducted without dissipating very much energy or violating the laws of thermodynamics? Nature appears to have addressed these challenges by coupling thermodynamically uphill and downhill electron transfer reactions, using two-electron donor cofactors that have very different potentials for the removal of the first and second electron. Although electron bifurcation is carried out with near perfection from the standpoint of energy conservation and electron delivery yields, it is a biological energy transduction paradigm that has only come into focus recently...
September 6, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874842/investigation-of-mitochondrial-metabolic-response-to-doxorubicin-in-prostate-cancer-cells-an-nadh-fad-and-tryptophan-flim-assay
#17
Shagufta Rehman Alam, Horst Wallrabe, Zdenek Svindrych, Ajay K Chaudhary, Kathryn G Christopher, Dhyan Chandra, Ammasi Periasamy
Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the leading cancers in men in the USA. Lack of experimental tools that predict therapy response is one of the limitations of current therapeutic regimens. Mitochondrial dysfunctions including defective oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) in cancer inhibit apoptosis by modulating ROS production and cellular signaling. Thus, correction of mitochondrial dysfunction and induction of apoptosis are promising strategies in cancer treatment. We have used Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging Microscopy (FLIM) to quantify mitochondrial metabolic response in PCa cells by tracking auto-fluorescent NAD(P)H, FAD and tryptophan (Trp) lifetimes and their enzyme-bound fractions as markers, before and after treatment with anti-cancer drug doxorubicin...
September 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874733/mitochondrial-permeability-transition-pore-sensitivity-to-opening-and-mechanistic-dependence-on-substrate-availability
#18
Thomas Briston, Malcolm Roberts, Sian Lewis, Ben Powney, James M Staddon, Gyorgy Szabadkai, Michael R Duchen
Mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake has a key role in cellular Ca(2+) homeostasis. Excessive matrix Ca(2+) concentrations, especially when coincident with oxidative stress, precipitate opening of an inner mitochondrial membrane, high-conductance channel: the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP). mPTP opening has been implicated as a final cell death pathway in numerous diseases and therefore understanding conditions dictating mPTP opening is crucial for developing targeted therapies. Here, we have investigated the impact of mitochondrial metabolic state on the probability and consequences of mPTP opening...
September 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874137/mitochondrial-genomes-of-blister-beetles-coleoptera-meloidae-and-two-large-intergenic-spacers-in-hycleus-genera
#19
Chao Du, Lifang Zhang, Ting Lu, Jingnan Ma, Chenjuan Zeng, Bisong Yue, Xiuyue Zhang
BACKGROUND: Insect mitochondrial genomes (mitogenomes) exhibit high diversity in some lineages. The gene rearrangement and large intergenic spacer (IGS) have been reported in several Coleopteran species, although very little is known about mitogenomes of Meloidae. RESULTS: We determined complete or nearly complete mitogenomes of seven meloid species. The circular genomes encode 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 transfer RNAs (tRNAs) and two ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs), and contain a control region, with gene arrangement identical to the ancestral type for insects...
September 6, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866019/comparative-mitochondrial-genome-analysis-of-spilarctia-subcarnea-and-other-noctuid-insects
#20
Zhao-Zhe Xin, Yu Liu, Dai-Zhen Zhang, Zheng-Fei Wang, Bo-Ping Tang, Hua-Bin Zhang, Chun-Lin Zhou, Xin-Yue Chai, Qiu-Ning Liu
This study was performed to better understand the phylogenetic relationships within the lepidopteran superfamily Noctuoidea. The mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) has been extensively used for studying phylogenetic relationships at different taxonomic levels. In this study, the complete mitogenome of Spilarctia subcarnea (Noctuoidea: Erebidae) was sequenced and annotated. The mitogenome is 15,441bp in length, containing 13 typical protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 transfer RNA genes (tRNAs), two ribosomal RNA genes (rRNAs) and a noncoding control region (CR)...
August 30, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
keyword
keyword
77281
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"