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Subclavian vein

K V Vinod, S Nishanth, M V Vidya
Haemothorax is an uncommon and serious complication, occurring most often during or immediately after percutaneous internal jugular and subclavian vein catheterizations. Delayed haemothorax is a rare complication, especially following right-sided catheterization. We report a case of acute yellow phosphorus poisoning with acute liver failure (resulting from rat killer paste ingestion) in a 28-year-old male who developed right-sided haemothorax eight days after placement of right internal jugular central venous catheter...
September 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Ryo Fujiwara, Mitsuhiro Narita, Susumu Kageyama, Akihiro Kawauchi, Takahisa Nakayama, Natsumi Nishi, Hiroyuki Sugihara, Yusaku Okada
A 67-year-old man presented at our hospital with severe edema on the left side of his neck, chest and brachial regions. He had a history of right radical nephrectomy due to renal cell carcinoma (RCC, clear cell subtype, stage II) 15 years earlier. Thereafter, metastases to the pancreatic tail and right lung, and left lung metastasis were removed at 8 years and 11 years, respectively, after the nephrectomy. Four years earlier, he had also undergone total gastrectomy for gastric carcinoma (poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, stage IV) and subsequent maintenance chemotherapy for gastric carcinoma...
September 2016: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
Umit Kervan, Sinan Sabit Kocabeyoglu, Dogan Emre Sert, Emre Aygün, Kemal Kavasoglu, Mehmet Karahan, Ertekin Utku Unal, Mustafa Pac
OBJECTIVES: The common femoral artery is the standard site for immediate vascular access when initiating adult venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. However, this approach is fraught with problems such as femoral artery occlusion, distal limb ischemia, reperfusion injury resulting in compartment syndrome, retroperitoneal hemorrhage, thrombosis, embolization, and most importantly, pulmonary edema. Here, we show our preference of using the subclavian artery with a side graft as a different cannulation technique for outflow of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, which can avoid complications associated with different access techniques...
October 14, 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Banafsheh Bakhshoude, Hassan Ravari, Gholam Hosein Kazemzadeh, Masoud Pezeshki Rad
INTRODUCTION: Currently, venography is the standard diagnostic method to examine veins before implementing access, which is invasive in nature. Computerized tomography venography (CTV) can simultaneously indicate deep and superficial venous systems in the upper extremity and their relation to the surrounding anatomical structures; however, its diagnostic value in the detection of central venous disease has yet to be defined. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic value of CT venography compared to venography in the diagnosis of stenosis and the occlusion of subclavian veins and the superior vena in renal failure patients...
August 2016: Electronic Physician
Ranjit Kumar Nath, Ajay Raj, C Parvatagouda, Neeraj Pandit
Left ventricular lead placement in the appropriate branch of coronary sinus is the key to successful cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) and this step is technically challenging. We describe a case of non-ischemic cardiomyopathy with heart failure, taken up for cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator (CRT-D) implantation. The quadripolar left ventricular lead was impossible to advance into the target lateral branch of the coronary sinus. We made a veno-venous loop, advancing the coronary guidewire through the middle cardiac vein to coronary sinus and then to superior vena cava...
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Thandar Aye, Thanh Trung Phan, Douglas Findlay Muir, Nicholas John Linker, Richard Hartley, Andrew John Turley
AIM: This new laser facilitated 'inside-out' technique was used for transvenous pacemaker insertion in a pacemaker-dependent patient with bilateral subclavian occlusion and a failed epicardial system who is not suitable for a transfemoral approach. METHOD AND RESULTS: Procedure was undertaken under general anaesthesia with venous access obtained from right femoral vein and left axillary vein. 7F multipurpose catheter was used to enter proximal edge of the occluded segment of subclavian vein via femoral approach, which then supported stiff angioplasty wires and microcatheters to tunnel into the body of occlusion...
October 14, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Ngai-Yin Chan, Nim-Pong Kwong, Adrian-Piers Cheong
AIMS: Existing data on the relationship between venous access and long-term pacemaker lead failure (PLF) are scarce and inconsistent. We aim to study the hypothesis that contrast-guided axillary vein puncture (AP) is better than subclavian puncture (SP) and similar to cephalic vein cutdown (CV) in the incidence of PLF and the success rate of AP is higher than CV. METHODS AND RESULTS: The case records of 409 patients with 681 implantable pacemaker leads were reviewed...
October 12, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Nagoor Basha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
J Abram, J Klocker, N Innerhofer-Pompernigg, M Mittermayr, M C Freund, N Gravenstein, V Wenzel
Injuries to blood vessels near the heart can quickly become life-threatening and include arterial injuries during central venous puncture, which can lead to hemorrhagic shock. We report 6 patients in whom injury to the subclavian artery and vein led to life-threatening complications. Central venous catheters are associated with a multitude of risks, such as venous thrombosis, air embolism, systemic or local infections, paresthesia, hemothorax, pneumothorax, and cervical hematoma, which are not always immediately discernible...
October 5, 2016: Der Anaesthesist
Yanhong Li, Yonghua Cai, Xiaoqin Gan, Xinmei Ye, Jiayu Ling, Liang Kang, Junwen Ye, Xingwei Zhang, Jianwei Zhang, Yue Cai, Huabin Hu, Meijin Huang, Yanhong Deng
BACKGROUND: The current study aims to compare the application and convenience of the upper arm port with the other two methods of implanted ports in the jugular vein and the subclavian vein in patients with gastrointestinal cancers. METHODS: Currently, the standard of practice is placement of central venous access via an internal jugular vein approach. Perioperative time, postoperative complications, and postoperative comfort level in patients receiving an implanted venous port in the upper arm were retrospectively compared to those in the jugular vein and the subclavian vein from April 2013 to November 2014...
2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Alexandra Marquez, Veronika Shabanova, Edward Vincent S Faustino
OBJECTIVE: We determined whether in critically ill children with an untunneled central venous catheter, the risk of catheter-associated deep venous thrombosis can be predicted within 24 hours after insertion of the catheter. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of two multicenter prospective cohort studies. SETTING: PICUs in Northeastern United States. PATIENTS: A total of 175 children admitted to the PICU within 24 hours after insertion of an untunneled central venous catheter who did not receive anticoagulation were included...
September 22, 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Shaoyong Wu, Jingxiu Huang, Zongming Jiang, Zhimei Huang, Handong Ouyang, Li Deng, Wenqian Lin, Jin Guo, Weian Zeng
BACKGROUND: A totally implantable venous access device (TIVAD) provides reliable, long-term vascular access and improves patients' quality of life. The wide use of TIVADs is associated with important complications. A meta-analysis was undertaken to compare the internal jugular vein (IJV) with the subclavian vein (SCV) as the percutaneous access site for TIVAD to determine whether IJV has any advantages. METHODS: All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and cohort studies assessing the two access sites, IJV and SCV, were retrieved from PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and OVID EMB Reviews from their inception to December 2015...
2016: BMC Cancer
Kazuya Kato, Yoshiaki Iwasaki, Kazuhiko Onodera, Mineko Higuchi, Kimitaka Kato, Yurina Kato, Minoru Matsuda, Seiya Endo, Yuko Kobashi, Masahiko Taniguchi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the success rate and any complications using a percutaneous approach to the femoral vein (FV) for placement of a totally implantable access port (TIVAP), with a preoperative assessment of the femoral and iliac veins using computed tomography-venography (CT-V). METHODS: A prospective study of 72 patients was conducted where placement of a TIVAP was attempted via the right FV, with the port placed in the anterior thigh, when subclavian vein or jugular vein access was contraindicated...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Chandu Vemuri, Payam Salehi, Jaime Benarroch-Gampel, Lauren N McLaughlin, Robert W Thompson
Venous thoracic outlet syndrome (VTOS) is uncommon but most frequently occurs in young, active, healthy patients. This condition typically presents as subclavian vein (SCV) effort thrombosis, also known as Paget-Schroetter syndrome. The pathophysiology underlying VTOS is chronic repetitive compression injury of the SCV in the costoclavicular space, resulting in progressive venous scarring, focal stenosis, and eventual thrombosis. Clinical evaluation includes a history and physical examination followed by catheter-based venography, for definitive confirmation of the diagnosis and initial treatment with pharmacomechanical thrombolysis...
October 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
Daniel Putensen, David Leverett, Bhavika Patel, Jasmin Rivera
BACKGROUND: The majority of reports regarding general vascular access choices for apheresis procedures argue that peripheral venous access should be considered first. However, the clinical reality appears to be different. While some procedures mandate central vascular access (e.g., therapeutic apheresis procedures in critically ill patients) and in some cases it is the patient's preference, we propose that the majority of elective procedures can be successfully performed peripherally...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Clinical Apheresis
Raphael Suy, Sarah Thomis, Inge Fourneau
Around 1650, the thoracic chyle duct and the serous lymph vessels were discovered nearly simultaneously in four different places on the European continent. The new theory was that all ingested fluid, digested food, and serous lymph liquid were drained towards the subclavian veins, and then to the heart where they was mixed with and transformed into blood, which had been the supposed function of the liver. None of the discoverers proposed a valuable alternative function for the liver. Bile formation and filtration of serum from the blood to carry it through lymph vessels to the chyle sac (cysterna chyli) were the only remaining possible liver functions...
September 8, 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
Yahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati Salman, Erdem Cevik, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-Bordomás, Mustafa Z Mahmoud, Abdelmoneim Sulieman, Abbas Ali, Alrayah Mustafa, Ihab Abdelrahman, Mustafa Bahar, Osama Ali, H Lester Kirchner, Gregor Prosen, Ajda Anzic, Paul Leeson, Maryam Bahreini, Fatemeh Rasooli, Houman Hosseinnejad, Gabriel Blecher, Robert Meek, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Edina Ćatić Ćuti, Stanko Belina, Tihomir Vančina, Idriz Kovačević, Nadan Rustemović, Ikwan Chang, Jin Hee Lee, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Chi-Yung Cheng, Hsiu-Yung Pan, Chia-Te Kung, Ela Ćurčić, Ena Pritišanac, Ivo Planinc, Marijana Grgić Medić, Radovan Radonić, Abiola Fasina, Anthony J Dean, Nova L Panebianco, Patricia S Henwood, Oliviero Fochi, Moreno Favarato, Ezio Bonanomi, Ivan Tomić, Youngrock Ha, Hongchuen Toh, Elizabeth Harmon, Wilma Chan, Cameron Baston, Gail Morrison, Frances Shofer, Angela Hua, Sharon Kim, James Tsung, Isa Gunaydin, Zeynep Kekec, Mehmet Oguzhan Ay, Jinjoo Kim, Jinhyun Kim, Gyoosung Choi, Dowon Shim, Ji-Han Lee, Jana Ambrozic, Katja Prokselj, Miha Lucovnik, Gabrijela Brzan Simenc, Asta Mačiulienė, Almantas Maleckas, Algimantas Kriščiukaitis, Vytautas Mačiulis, Andrius Macas, Sharad Mohite, Zoltan Narancsik, Hugon Možina, Sara Nikolić, Jan Hansel, Rok Petrovčič, Una Mršić, Simon Orlob, Markus Lerchbaumer, Niklas Schönegger, Reinhard Kaufmann, Chun-I Pan, Chien-Hung Wu, Sarah Pasquale, Stephanie J Doniger, Sharon Yellin, Gerardo Chiricolo, Maja Potisek, Borut Drnovšek, Boštjan Leskovar, Kristine Robinson, Clara Kraft, Benjamin Moser, Stephen Davis, Shelley Layman, Yusef Sayeed, Joseph Minardi, Irmina Sefic Pasic, Amra Dzananovic, Anes Pasic, Sandra Vegar Zubovic, Ana Godan Hauptman, Ana Vujaklija Brajkovic, Jaksa Babel, Marina Peklic, Vedran Radonic, Luka Bielen, Peh Wee Ming, Nur Hafiza Yezid, Fatahul Laham Mohammed, Zainal Abidin Huda, Wan Nasarudin Wan Ismail, W Yus Haniff W Isa, Hashairi Fauzi, Praveena Seeva, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan
A1 Point-of-care ultrasound examination of cervical spine in emergency departmentYahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati SalmanA2 A new technique in verifying the placement of a nasogastric tube: obtaining the longitudinal view of nasogastric tube in addition to transverse view with ultrasoundYahya Acar, Necati Salman, Onur Tezel, Erdem CevikA3 Pseudoaneurysm of the femoral artery after cannulation of a central venous line. Should we always use ultrasound in these procedures?Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA4 Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular subclavian vein catheterization...
September 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
José L Merino, Hanane Bouarich, M José Pita, Patricia Martínez, Blanca Bueno, Silvia Caldés, Elena Corchete, M Teresa Jaldo, Beatriz Espejo, Vicente Paraíso
INTRODUCTION: The application of antiseptic solution for handling tunnelled catheters is recommended in patients undergoing haemodialysis. These routine antiseptic procedures in handling catheters are crucial to avoid complications. We report an outbreak of Serratia marcescens (S. marcescens) bacteraemia in numerous haemodialysis units of the Community of Madrid. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The first cases of bacteraemia due to S. marcescens were isolated in December 2014...
August 29, 2016: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
Ziev B Moses, Alp Ozpinar, Muhammad M Abd-El-Barr, Luis G Quinonez, Sitaram M Emani, Liliana C Goumnerova
The authors report a complex case of an 18-year-old male with a history of hydrocephalus secondary to intraventricular hemorrhage of prematurity, with more than 30 previous shunt revisions, who presented to the authors' institution with shunt malfunction. After exhausting his peritoneal cavity and pleural space as possible distal sites of shunt placement, he underwent a direct heart shunt placement when it was discovered he had thrombosis of his subclavian vein precluding a standard wire-guided atrial cannulation...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Bernd Stegmayr
During preparation of the hemodialysis (HD) extracorporeal circuit (ECC) a priming solution is used to remove air from the tubes and dialyzer. Ultra sound techniques have verified micro embolic signals (MES) in the ECC that may derive from clots or gas embolies. In vitro studies could clarify that embolies of air develop within the ECC and also pass the safety systems such as air traps and enter the venous line that goes into the patient. Clinical studies have confirmed the presence of MES within the ECC that pass into the return-venous-line during conventional HD without inducing an alarm...
August 30, 2016: Hemodialysis International
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