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Joan Haliburn
Sexual abuse perpetrated by a parent particularly the mother creates turmoil in the child who has to depend on the very person who betrays their trust. A review of the literature confirms that there are only a few case studies of mother-child incest reported in the psychoanalytic literature; the incidence of such incest, however, is unknown. Considerably, more information is available in the forensic and child abuse literatures along with an increase in research; yet, there is a paucity of data. Child sexual abuse by women as highly prevalent is described in early societies, and that there is a bias in peoples' minds about the capacity of females to sexually abuse children is raised by many writers...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
M S Suranga, K T Silva, L Senanayake
Introduction: Abortion is legally permitted in Sri Lanka, only if it is performed to save the mother’s life. However, it is estimated that a large number of induced abortions take place in Sri Lanka. Knowledge and attitudes towards induced abortion in the society are key issues influencing the policy response towards changes in the law. This study aimed to assess the knowledge and attitudes of adults towards induced abortion in Sri Lanka. Methods: Six Grama Niladhari Divisions (GNDs) and five to eight housing clusters from each GND were selected from Thimbirigasyaya Divisional Secretariat Division using multi stage stratified random sampling...
December 30, 2016: Ceylon Medical Journal
Sandra Meiri, Odeya Kohen-Raz
The authors analyze a unique cinematic corpus - 'body-character breach films' (one character, initially played by a certain actor, occupies the body of another character) - demonstrating Lacan's notion of traversing the fantasy, both on the level of the films' diegesis and that of spectatorship. Breaching the alliance between actors and their characters perturbs the viewer's fantasy of wholeness enabled by this very alliance. Consequently, a change in subject/spectatorial position in relation to the lack in the Other is induced, enhanced through the visualization of various scenarios of unconscious fantasies (mostly incest)...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
L Massardier, V Lemahieu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Michael H Stone
Information concerning the longitudinal course of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) derives mainly from (a) long-term (10 to 25 year) retrospective follow-up studies, primarily those conducted during the 1980s/1990s, (b) brief (1 to 3 year) follow-up studies of recent randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of several different treatment approaches, and (c) prospective follow-up studies. The patients contacted in the retrospective studies had been treated mostly by psychoanalytically informed approaches or supportive...
December 0: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
Peter Yates
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore two hypotheses for explaining why there is little written about sibling sexual abuse and to raise awareness of the subject in order better to protect children and to facilitate sensitive patient care. BACKGROUND: While there is no universal agreement over its definition, sibling sexual abuse is acknowledged internationally as a prevalent form of child sexual abuse but tends not to be recognised by health professionals. It is also under-represented within the literature in comparison with other forms of intrafamilial sexual abuse...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Laura E Dodge, Sadia Haider, Michele R Hacker
BACKGROUND: Access to abortion continues to decrease in the United States. The aim of this study was to explore attitudes toward abortion among clinicians who provide reproductive health care. METHODS: Clinician members of several reproductive health professional organizations completed a self-administered survey that assessed their attitudes toward abortion. RESULTS: A total of 278 clinicians who provided clinical reproductive health services within the United States were included...
September 2016: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
Daniel Grossman, Kate Grindlay, Bridgit Burns
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate public funding policies for abortion in countries with liberal or liberally interpreted laws (defined as permitting abortion for economic or social reasons or upon request). STUDY DESIGN: In May 2011-February 2012 and June 2013-December 2014, we researched online resources and conducted an email-based survey among reproductive health experts to determine countries' public funding policies for abortion. We categorized countries as follows: full funding for abortion (provided for free at government facilities, covered under state-funded health insurance); partial funding (partially covered by the government, covered for certain populations based on income or nonincome criteria, or less expensive in public facilities); funding for exceptional cases (rape/incest/fetal impairment, health/life of the woman or other limited cases) and no public funding...
July 20, 2016: Contraception
Gulsen Unlu, Burcu Cakaloz
PURPOSE: Child sexual abuse and sexual dating violence victimization are common problems that are known to have long-term negative consequences. This study aimed to compare the sociodemographic, abuse-related, and clinical features of female adolescents who were sexually abused by different perpetrators, and identify the factors associated with suicidality and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in these cases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data of 254 sexually abused female adolescents between the ages of 12-18 years were evaluated...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Nditsheni J Ramakuela, Tsakani R Lebese, Sonto M Maputle, Lindiwe Mulaudzi
BACKGROUND: Teenage pregnancy is a global social health concern especially because of the HIV and AIDS pandemic, sexually transmitted infections, high rate of termination of pregnancy (TOP), adolescents' parenthood and decreased level of contraceptives. AIM: To explore the views of teenagers on the TOP at Muyexe high school in a rural village of Mopani District, Limpopo Province. SETTING: Muyexe high school in a rural village of Mopani District, Limpopo Province, in South Africa...
May 31, 2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Juhong Liao, Katrien Devolder
Gamete donation from third parties is controversial in China as it severs blood ties, which are considered of utmost importance in Confucian tradition. In recent years, infertile couples are increasingly demonstrating a preference for the use of gametes donated by family members to conceive children-known as "intra-family gamete donation." The main advantage of intra-family gamete donation is that it maintains blood ties between children and both parents. To date there is no practice of intra-family gamete donation in China...
September 2016: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
Michele Goodwin
Punishing pregnant women increasingly serves as a litmus test in political discourse, inviting more than a metaphor about state sanctioned violence targeted at women. In 2016, candidates for the United States presidency threatened to defund Planned Parenthood if elected and a leading candidate promised he would "punish" pregnant women who seek abortions. Other presidential candidates urged that even victims of rape and incest should be forced to carry their pregnancies to term, imposing yet another penalty or strike against sexually violated women and girls...
2016: Health Matrix
Şafak Taktak, Ebru Yılmaz, Oguz Karamustafalıoglu, Ayla Ünsal
OBJECTIVE: This study is carried out to research the frequency of occurrence and the characteristics of paraphilic cases in Turkey and forensic aspects of them and to explain forensic psychiatric studies of people show paraphilic actions and assess them from legal aspects. METHOD: This research is done by studying a total of 101,208 cases who were sent to Istanbul Forensic Medicine Institute (FMI) by the judicial organs of 4th Specialization Board between 1984 and 2004 to decide whether they show paraphilic actions or not...
September 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Maj Hansen, Jana Műllerová, Ask Elklit, Cherie Armour
INTRODUCTION: For over a century, the occurrence of dissociative symptoms in connection to traumatic exposure has been acknowledged in the scientific literature. Recently, the importance of dissociation has also been recognized in the long-term traumatic response within the DSM-5 nomenclature. Several studies have confirmed the existence of the dissociative posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) subtype. However, there is a lack of studies investigating latent profiles of PTSD solely in victims with PTSD...
August 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Dorottya Pásztor, Bence Lajos Kolozsvári, Gergely Losonczy, Mariann Fodor
In this study, we present a case of a 58-year-old male patient with oculocutaneous albinism, keratoconus, total cataract, and glaucoma originating from father-daughter incest. He underwent femtosecond laser-assisted keratoplasty with "open-sky" cataract extraction and posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation. One week after surgery his uncorrected visual acuity improved from hand motion to 20/200. Six months later corneal K values were 49.1 D in the flat and 50.0 D in the steep meridian. The graft had a central corneal thickness of 488 µm and was well fitted...
March 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Paulo Sousa, Lauren Swiney
In a recent article (Astuti and Bloch, 2015), cognitive anthropologists Astuti and Bloch claim that the Malagasy are ambivalent as to whether considerations of intentionality are relevant to moral judgments concerning incest and its presumed catastrophic consequences: when making moral judgments about those who commit incest, the Malagasy take into account whether the incest is intentional or not, but, when making moral judgments relating to incest's catastrophic consequences, they do not take intentionality into account...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Bogna Smiatek-Mazgaj, Jerzy A Sobański, Krzysztof Rutkowski, Katarzyna Klasa, Edyta Dembińska, Łukasz Müldner-Nieckowski, Katarzyna Cyranka, Michał Mielimąka
INTRODUCTION: The symptoms of dissociation, depersonalization and derealization are often associated with exposure of patients to mental and physical injuries, usually occurring in childhood. Most of these observations were carried out in populations of patients with various disorders (posttraumatic, conversion-dissociation, personality disorders - especially borderline), who reported their exposure to adverse life circumstances through questionnaire interviews. AIM: Assessment of the risk associated with various traumatic events in childhood and adolescence concerning the symptoms of pain and tactile dissociation, depersonalization and derealization...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
Eoin McElroy, Mark Shevlin, Ask Elklit, Philip Hyland, Siobhan Murphy, Jamie Murphy
BACKGROUND: Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is a common occurrence and a robust, yet non-specific, predictor of adult psychopathology. While many demographic and abuse factors have been shown to impact this relationship, their common and specific effects remain poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to assess the prevalence of Axis I disorders in a large sample of help-seeking victims of sexual trauma, and to examine the common and specific effects of demographic and abuse characteristics across these different diagnoses...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
M Mustafa Arslan, D Sumeyra Demirkiran, Ramazan Akcan, Cem Zeren, M Hanifi Kokacya
OBJECTIVE: Child sexual offenders are a poorly studied and relatively neglected population in our country. This study aims to evaluate the relationship between criminal behavior and socio-demographic characteristics of a series of child sexual offenders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of social worker interviews with 48 child sexual offenders between 2009 and 2013 were used. The reports issued by social workers regarding child sexual offenders were retrospectively examined, since these reports were relatively the most thorough documents including offenders' personal and familial characteristics, and criminal event information...
February 2016: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Anisa R Assifi, Blair Berger, Özge Tunçalp, Rajat Khosla, Bela Ganatra
BACKGROUND: Incorrect knowledge of laws may affect how women enter the health system or seek services, and it likely contributes to the disconnect between official laws and practical applications of the laws that influence women's access to safe, legal abortion services. OBJECTIVE: To provide a synthesis of evidence of women's awareness and knowledge of the legal status of abortion in their country, and the accuracy of women's knowledge on specific legal grounds and restrictions outlined in a country's abortion law...
2016: PloS One
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