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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713502/prevalence-and-determinants-of-terminated-and-unintended-pregnancies-among-married-women-analysis-of-pooled-cross-sectional-surveys-in-nigeria
#1
Sanni Yaya, Agbessi Amouzou, Olalekan A Uthman, Michael Ekholuenetale, Ghose Bishwajit, Ogochukwu Udenigwe, Alzahra Hudani, Vaibhav Shah
Background: Induced pregnancy termination and unintended pregnancy are two commonly occurring phenomena in the discipline of women's reproductive health. In the present study, we explored cross-sectional data pooled from three rounds of Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) to understand the trends of prevalence of pregnancy termination and unintended pregnancy as well as the interplay of various sociodemographic and economic factors whereby these health issues occur. Methods: Study participants were 79 825 currently married women aged 15-49 years...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364075/psychoanalysis-and-the-challenges-of-disciplinary-exportation-notes-from-the-african-periphery-on-the-method-theory-distinction
#2
Barnaby B Barratt
This paper briefly reports on the current expansion of opportunities for clinical education in psychoanalysis in southern Africa, various regions of Asia, and Iran. It is a preliminary reconsideration of whether the disciplinary export of psychoanalysis is another egregious exercise in neo-colonialism, as contrasted with its possibly liberatory significance. The author argues that much of the discussion around the universality of many theoretical propositions needs to be reformulated. For example, the controversies over the Oedipus complex have typically been articulated in terms of the effects of specific social arrangements, familial structures, and styles of maternal and paternal functioning, rather than in terms of the universal-but with much cultural variation in its implementation-incest taboo...
February 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306795/a-retrospective-study-of-sexual-offences-in-zambia
#3
Innocent Makasa, Laura Jane Heathfield
Zambia has recently reported high incidences of sexual abuse against women and children. Zambian law categorises sexual offences into rape, defilement, incest and others, with defilement constituting the majority of the reported cases (>89%). Between 2010 and 2012, convictions of defilement cases were achieved in only 13% of cases reported to the police. DNA evidence has shown prominence in resolving crimes, specifically as an identification tool in sexual offences. Currently there is no empirical evidence describing the role of forensic evidence in sexual crimes in Zambia; as such a retrospective study was conducted to evaluate this between 2007 and 2014 (n = 1154)...
February 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166167/kinship-and-incest-avoidance-drive-patterns-of-reproductive-skew-in-cooperatively-breeding-birds
#4
Christina Riehl
Social animals vary in how reproduction is divided among group members, ranging from monopolization by a dominant pair (high skew) to equal sharing by cobreeders (low skew). Despite many theoretical models, the ecological and life-history factors that generate this variation are still debated. Here I analyze data from 83 species of cooperatively breeding birds, finding that kinship within the breeding group is a powerful predictor of reproductive sharing across species. Societies composed of nuclear families have significantly higher skew than those that contain unrelated members, a pattern that holds for both multimale and multifemale groups...
December 2017: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142112/give-one-species-the-task-to-come-up-with-a-theory-that-spans-them-all-what-good-can-come-out-of-that
#5
REVIEW
Hanna Kokko
Does the progress in understanding evolutionary theory depend on the species that is doing the investigation? This question is difficult to answer scientifically, as we are dealing with an n = 1 scenario: every individual who has ever written about evolution is a human being. I will discuss, first, whether we get the correct answer to questions if we begin with ourselves and expand outwards, and second, whether we might fail to ask all the interesting questions unless we combat our tendencies to favour taxa that are close to us...
November 29, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978288/delivering-culturally-sensitive-sexual-health-education-in-western-kenya-a-phenomenological-case-study
#6
Gary Lacey
While generic programmes have been created to raise sexual health awareness, these cannot always be applied to communities whose cultures and circumstances make them especially vulnerable to infection. Taking a phenomenological approach, this paper examines the circumstances of the Gusii people of Kisii, Kenya, and examines the specific challenges of providing sexual health education to the community as experienced by an ethnic Gusii woman, Joyce Ombasa. Joyce's story reveals that the Gusii living in and around rural villages have several cultural characteristics that make them susceptible to HIV/AIDS and that render community health education problematic, especially if offered by a female educator of the same ethnicity...
September 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873043/recovering-process-from-child-sexual-abuse-during-adulthood-from-an-integrative-approach-to-solution-focused-therapy-a-case-study
#7
Carolina Gonzalez
In recent times, strengths-based recovery approaches that focus on the present and build strategies that look toward the future have become popular. However, some cases require the consideration of experiences from previous stages of the clients' development. This single-case study explores the psychotherapeutic process of a middle-aged woman who presented with a history of child sexual abuse (incest) and a long-term adult diagnosis of depression that was treated in public health services. This psychotherapy involved an integrative approach to solution-focused therapy; specifically, the approach proposed by Yvonne Dolan to work with adult survivors of sexual abuse, in conjunction with techniques and strategies from the transtheoretical model...
October 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814874/la-belle-indiff%C3%A3-rence-revisited-a-case-report-on-progressive-supranuclear-palsy-misdiagnosed-as-conversion-disorder
#8
Petra J van Meerkerk-Aanen, Lars de Vroege, David Khasho, Aziza Foruz, J Thies van Asseldonk, Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis
BACKGROUND: Since the advent of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging scans, neurological disorders have less often been falsely labeled as conversion disorder (CD). However, misdiagnosis of a neurological disorder as CD still occurs, especially in cases with insidious onset. Misinterpretation of la belle indifférence may contribute to such misdiagnosis. Here, we describe a case of progressive supranuclear palsy/Richardson's syndrome (PSPS) misdiagnosed as a case of CD. CASE: A 62-year-old woman consulted two different neurologists in 2012 because of falling spells since 2009 and was diagnosed with CD...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749052/trump-s-abortion-promoting-aid-policy
#9
Stephen R Latham
On the fourth day of his presidency, Donald Trump reinstated and greatly expanded the "Mexico City policy," which imposes antiabortion restrictions on U.S. foreign health aid. In general, the policy has prohibited U.S. funding of any family-planning groups that use even non-U.S. funds to perform abortions; prohibited aid recipients from lobbying (again, even with non-U.S. money) for liberalization of abortion laws; prohibited nongovernment organizations from creating educational materials on abortion as a family-planning method; and prohibited health workers from referring patients for legal abortions in any cases other than rape, incest, or to save the life of the mother...
July 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671025/a-typology-of-sex-offending-against-minors-an-empirical-study-of-rape-and-molestation-cases-in-china
#10
Bin Liang, Ming Hu
Efforts to classify sexual offending and offenders continued to evolve over the years based on criteria such as offender and victim characteristics, offender-victim relationships, the nature of sexual offenses, and other situational factors. This current study draws up a typology of sexual offending against minors based on 436 adjudicated rape and child molestation cases in China. Specifically, sexual offending against minors is classified into six major categories, including opportunistic offenses, serial offenses, dating couple offenses, educator abuses, gang/party offenses, and incest offenses...
June 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630545/legal-knowledge-as-a-tool-for-social-change-la-mesa-por-la-vida-y-la-salud-de-las-mujeres-as-an-expert-on-colombian-abortion-law
#11
Ana Cristina González Vélez, Isabel Cristina Jaramillo
In May 2006, Colombia's Constitutional Court liberalized abortion, introducing three circumstances under which the procedure would not be considered a crime: (1) rape or incest; (2) a risk to the woman's health or life; and (3) fetal malformations incompatible with life. Immediately following the court's ruling, known as Sentence C-355, members of La Mesa por la Vida y Salud de las Mujeres (hereinafter La Mesa) began to mobilize to ensure the decision's implementation, bearing in mind the limited impact that the legal framework endorsed by the court has had in other countries in the region...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590208/borderline-patients-25-to-50-years-later-with-commentary-on-outcome-factors
#12
Michael H Stone
The current study concerns the long-term follow-up of 40 patients with borderline personality disorder. Sixteen were patients from the PI-500 study, formerly hospitalized at the New York State Psychiatric Institute. Twenty-four had been from the author's private practice 25 to 50 years ago. Twenty-one of the combined group had first been in treatment 50 years ago. This is believed to be the longest follow-up period recorded for borderline patients. The main results are that two-thirds of the patients eventually reached the level of either clinical remission or clinical recovery...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369479/development-of-microsatellites-for-population-genetic-analyses-of-the-granulate-ambrosia-beetle-coleoptera-curculionidae
#13
Claudia Husseneder, Jong-Seok Park, Christopher T Werle, John J Adamczyk
Limited male dispersal and local mating in ambrosia beetles are expected to result in extreme inbreeding and highly structured populations. In this study, we developed microsatellite markers for the granulate ambrosia beetle, Xylosandrus crassiusculus (Motschulsky), for use in future studies into population and family structure of this invasive pest species. We employed de novo next-generation sequencing to generate whole genome shotgun sequences for the characterization of microsatellite loci. Approximately 6% of the 84,024 contigs generated from Hi-Seq Illumina 2x250bp sequencing contained microsatellites with at least four repeats of di-, tri-, tetra-, penta-, and hexamers...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368155/typologies-of-child-sexual-abuse-an-analysis-of-multiple-abuse-acts-among-a-large-sample-of-danish-treatment-seeking-survivors-of-childhood-sexual-abuse
#14
Mark Shevlin, Siobhan Murphy, Ask Elklit, Jamie Murphy, Philip Hyland
OBJECTIVE: The deleterious psychological effects of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) have been extensively documented in the research literature. A limitation of this research, however, has been a reliance on overly restrictive and limiting measurements of CSA. Researchers have most commonly referred to discrete instances of rape and molestation; however, evidence suggests that sexual abuse in childhood can include a wide array of acts and that individual survivors can endure many of these...
April 3, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356488/the-opinions-and-experiences-of-irish-obstetric-and-gynaecology-trainee-doctors-in-relation-to-abortion-services-in-ireland
#15
Kara Aitken, Paul Patek, Mark E Murphy
INTRODUCTION: The provision of abortion services in the Republic of Ireland is legally restricted. Recent legislation that has been implemented allows for abortion if there is a real and substantial risk to the woman's life, but in general Irish women must travel abroad for abortion services. The aims of this study were to investigate the clinical experiences of Irish obstetric non-consultant hospital doctors (NCHDs) that work in this environment and to assess their attitudes towards termination of pregnancy (ToP)...
November 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350264/some-epidemiological-characteristics-of-perpetrators-and-victims-of-incest-in-contemporary-ghana-analysis-of-media-reports
#16
Emmanuel N-B Quarshie, Joseph Osafo, Charity S Akotia, Jennifer Peprah, Johnny Andoh-Arthur
In Ghana, incest is considered sinful, taboo, and illegal. However, recent media reports show that incest has become a daily reality in Ghana. This study is a situational analysis of the pattern of incest in Ghana as reported in the media from January 2008 through July 2015. Qualitative content analysis was conducted on 48 incest news reports in Ghana. The findings showed that father-daughter incest was most frequent across the study period. Forty-seven females aged 3 to 25 years and a male aged 3 years were identified as victims...
February 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300493/mother-child-incest-psychosis-and-the-dynamics-of-relatedness
#17
Joan Haliburn
Sexual abuse perpetrated by a parent particularly the mother creates turmoil in the child who has to depend on the very person who betrays their trust. A review of the literature confirms that there are only a few case studies of mother-child incest reported in the psychoanalytic literature; the incidence of such incest, however, is unknown. Considerably, more information is available in the forensic and child abuse literatures along with an increase in research; yet, there is a paucity of data. Child sexual abuse by women as highly prevalent is described in early societies, and that there is a bias in peoples' minds about the capacity of females to sexually abuse children is raised by many writers...
May 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078831/perception-on-the-abortion-laws-in-sri-lanka-a-community-based-study-in-the-city-of-colombo
#18
M S Suranga, K T Silva, L Senanayake
Introduction: Abortion is legally permitted in Sri Lanka, only if it is performed to save the mother’s life. However, it is estimated that a large number of induced abortions take place in Sri Lanka. Knowledge and attitudes towards induced abortion in the society are key issues influencing the policy response towards changes in the law. This study aimed to assess the knowledge and attitudes of adults towards induced abortion in Sri Lanka. Methods: Six Grama Niladhari Divisions (GNDs) and five to eight housing clusters from each GND were selected from Thimbirigasyaya Divisional Secretariat Division using multi stage stratified random sampling...
December 30, 2016: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861857/mainstream-body-character-breach-films-and-subjectivization
#19
Sandra Meiri, Odeya Kohen-Raz
The authors analyze a unique cinematic corpus - 'body-character breach films' (one character, initially played by a certain actor, occupies the body of another character) - demonstrating Lacan's notion of traversing the fantasy, both on the level of the films' diegesis and that of spectatorship. Breaching the alliance between actors and their characters perturbs the viewer's fantasy of wholeness enabled by this very alliance. Consequently, a change in subject/spectatorial position in relation to the lack in the Other is induced, enhanced through the visualization of various scenarios of unconscious fantasies (mostly incest)...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637563/-caring-for-young-girls-victims-of-incest
#20
L Massardier, V Lemahieu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
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