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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369479/development-of-microsatellites-for-population-genetic-analyses-of-the-granulate-ambrosia-beetle-coleoptera-curculionidae
#1
Claudia Husseneder, Jong-Seok Park, Christopher T Werle, John J Adamczyk
Limited male dispersal and local mating in ambrosia beetles are expected to result in extreme inbreeding and highly structured populations. In this study, we developed microsatellite markers for the granulate ambrosia beetle, Xylosandrus crassiusculus (Motschulsky), for use in future studies into population and family structure of this invasive pest species. We employed de novo next-generation sequencing to generate whole genome shotgun sequences for the characterization of microsatellite loci. Approximately 6% of the 84,024 contigs generated from Hi-Seq Illumina 2x250bp sequencing contained microsatellites with at least four repeats of di-, tri-, tetra-, penta-, and hexamers...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368155/typologies-of-child-sexual-abuse-an-analysis-of-multiple-abuse-acts-among-a-large-sample-of-danish-treatment-seeking-survivors-of-childhood-sexual-abuse
#2
Mark Shevlin, Siobhan Murphy, Ask Elklit, Jamie Murphy, Philip Hyland
OBJECTIVE: The deleterious psychological effects of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) have been extensively documented in the research literature. A limitation of this research, however, has been a reliance on overly restrictive and limiting measurements of CSA. Researchers have most commonly referred to discrete instances of rape and molestation; however, evidence suggests that sexual abuse in childhood can include a wide array of acts and that individual survivors can endure many of these...
April 3, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356488/the-opinions-and-experiences-of-irish-obstetric-and-gynaecology-trainee-doctors-in-relation-to-abortion-services-in-ireland
#3
Kara Aitken, Paul Patek, Mark E Murphy
INTRODUCTION: The provision of abortion services in the Republic of Ireland is legally restricted. Recent legislation that has been implemented allows for abortion if there is a real and substantial risk to the woman's life, but in general Irish women must travel abroad for abortion services. The aims of this study were to investigate the clinical experiences of Irish obstetric non-consultant hospital doctors (NCHDs) that work in this environment and to assess their attitudes towards termination of pregnancy (ToP)...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350264/some-epidemiological-characteristics-of-perpetrators-and-victims-of-incest-in-contemporary-ghana-analysis-of-media-reports
#4
Emmanuel N-B Quarshie, Joseph Osafo, Charity S Akotia, Jennifer Peprah, Johnny Andoh-Arthur
In Ghana, incest is considered sinful, taboo, and illegal. However, recent media reports show that incest has become a daily reality in Ghana. This study is a situational analysis of the pattern of incest in Ghana as reported in the media from January 2008 through July 2015. Qualitative content analysis was conducted on 48 incest news reports in Ghana. The findings showed that father-daughter incest was most frequent across the study period. Forty-seven females aged 3 to 25 years and a male aged 3 years were identified as victims...
February 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300493/mother-child-incest-psychosis-and-the-dynamics-of-relatedness
#5
Joan Haliburn
Sexual abuse perpetrated by a parent particularly the mother creates turmoil in the child who has to depend on the very person who betrays their trust. A review of the literature confirms that there are only a few case studies of mother-child incest reported in the psychoanalytic literature; the incidence of such incest, however, is unknown. Considerably, more information is available in the forensic and child abuse literatures along with an increase in research; yet, there is a paucity of data. Child sexual abuse by women as highly prevalent is described in early societies, and that there is a bias in peoples' minds about the capacity of females to sexually abuse children is raised by many writers...
May 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078831/perception-on-the-abortion-laws-in-sri-lanka-a-community-based-study-in-the-city-of-colombo
#6
M S Suranga, K T Silva, L Senanayake
Introduction: Abortion is legally permitted in Sri Lanka, only if it is performed to save the mother’s life. However, it is estimated that a large number of induced abortions take place in Sri Lanka. Knowledge and attitudes towards induced abortion in the society are key issues influencing the policy response towards changes in the law. This study aimed to assess the knowledge and attitudes of adults towards induced abortion in Sri Lanka. Methods: Six Grama Niladhari Divisions (GNDs) and five to eight housing clusters from each GND were selected from Thimbirigasyaya Divisional Secretariat Division using multi stage stratified random sampling...
December 30, 2016: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861857/mainstream-body-character-breach-films-and-subjectivization
#7
Sandra Meiri, Odeya Kohen-Raz
The authors analyze a unique cinematic corpus - 'body-character breach films' (one character, initially played by a certain actor, occupies the body of another character) - demonstrating Lacan's notion of traversing the fantasy, both on the level of the films' diegesis and that of spectatorship. Breaching the alliance between actors and their characters perturbs the viewer's fantasy of wholeness enabled by this very alliance. Consequently, a change in subject/spectatorial position in relation to the lack in the Other is induced, enhanced through the visualization of various scenarios of unconscious fantasies (mostly incest)...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637563/-caring-for-young-girls-victims-of-incest
#8
L Massardier, V Lemahieu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603806/long-term-course-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#9
Michael H Stone
Information concerning the longitudinal course of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) derives mainly from (a) long-term (10 to 25 year) retrospective follow-up studies, primarily those conducted during the 1980s/1990s, (b) brief (1 to 3 year) follow-up studies of recent randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of several different treatment approaches, and (c) prospective follow-up studies. The patients contacted in the retrospective studies had been treated mostly by psychoanalytically informed approaches or supportive...
December 0: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550889/sibling-sexual-abuse-why-don-t-we-talk-about-it
#10
Peter Yates
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore two hypotheses for explaining why there is little written about sibling sexual abuse and to raise awareness of the subject in order better to protect children and to facilitate sensitive patient care. BACKGROUND: While there is no universal agreement over its definition, sibling sexual abuse is acknowledged internationally as a prevalent form of child sexual abuse but tends not to be recognised by health professionals. It is also under-represented within the literature in comparison with other forms of intrafamilial sexual abuse...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522117/attitudes-toward-abortion-among-providers-of-reproductive-health-care
#11
Laura E Dodge, Sadia Haider, Michele R Hacker
BACKGROUND: Access to abortion continues to decrease in the United States. The aim of this study was to explore attitudes toward abortion among clinicians who provide reproductive health care. METHODS: Clinician members of several reproductive health professional organizations completed a self-administered survey that assessed their attitudes toward abortion. RESULTS: A total of 278 clinicians who provided clinical reproductive health services within the United States were included...
September 2016: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456713/public-funding-for-abortion-where-broadly-legal
#12
Daniel Grossman, Kate Grindlay, Bridgit Burns
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate public funding policies for abortion in countries with liberal or liberally interpreted laws (defined as permitting abortion for economic or social reasons or upon request). STUDY DESIGN: In May 2011-February 2012 and June 2013-December 2014, we researched online resources and conducted an email-based survey among reproductive health experts to determine countries' public funding policies for abortion. We categorized countries as follows: full funding for abortion (provided for free at government facilities, covered under state-funded health insurance); partial funding (partially covered by the government, covered for certain populations based on income or nonincome criteria, or less expensive in public facilities); funding for exceptional cases (rape/incest/fetal impairment, health/life of the woman or other limited cases) and no public funding...
July 20, 2016: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382291/effects-of-perpetrator-identity-on-suicidality-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-sexually-victimized-female-adolescents
#13
Gulsen Unlu, Burcu Cakaloz
PURPOSE: Child sexual abuse and sexual dating violence victimization are common problems that are known to have long-term negative consequences. This study aimed to compare the sociodemographic, abuse-related, and clinical features of female adolescents who were sexually abused by different perpetrators, and identify the factors associated with suicidality and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in these cases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data of 254 sexually abused female adolescents between the ages of 12-18 years were evaluated...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27380849/views-of-teenagers-on-termination-of-pregnancy-at-muyexe-high-school-in-mopani-district-limpopo-province-south-africa
#14
Nditsheni J Ramakuela, Tsakani R Lebese, Sonto M Maputle, Lindiwe Mulaudzi
BACKGROUND: Teenage pregnancy is a global social health concern especially because of the HIV and AIDS pandemic, sexually transmitted infections, high rate of termination of pregnancy (TOP), adolescents' parenthood and decreased level of contraceptives. AIM: To explore the views of teenagers on the TOP at Muyexe high school in a rural village of Mopani District, Limpopo Province. SETTING: Muyexe high school in a rural village of Mopani District, Limpopo Province, in South Africa...
May 31, 2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27307062/intra-family-gamete-donation-a-solution-to-concerns-regarding-gamete-donation-in-china
#15
Juhong Liao, Katrien Devolder
Gamete donation from third parties is controversial in China as it severs blood ties, which are considered of utmost importance in Confucian tradition. In recent years, infertile couples are increasingly demonstrating a preference for the use of gametes donated by family members to conceive children-known as "intra-family gamete donation." The main advantage of intra-family gamete donation is that it maintains blood ties between children and both parents. To date there is no practice of intra-family gamete donation in China...
September 2016: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27263247/the-pregnancy-penalty
#16
Michele Goodwin
Punishing pregnant women increasingly serves as a litmus test in political discourse, inviting more than a metaphor about state sanctioned violence targeted at women. In 2016, candidates for the United States presidency threatened to defund Planned Parenthood if elected and a leading candidate promised he would "punish" pregnant women who seek abortions. Other presidential candidates urged that even victims of rape and incest should be forced to carry their pregnancies to term, imposing yet another penalty or strike against sexually violated women and girls...
2016: Health Matrix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27180212/characteristics-of-paraphilics-in-turkey-a-retrospective-study-20years
#17
Şafak Taktak, Ebru Yılmaz, Oguz Karamustafalıoglu, Ayla Ünsal
OBJECTIVE: This study is carried out to research the frequency of occurrence and the characteristics of paraphilic cases in Turkey and forensic aspects of them and to explain forensic psychiatric studies of people show paraphilic actions and assess them from legal aspects. METHOD: This research is done by studying a total of 101,208 cases who were sent to Istanbul Forensic Medicine Institute (FMI) by the judicial organs of 4th Specialization Board between 1984 and 2004 to decide whether they show paraphilic actions or not...
September 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27168183/can-the-dissociative-ptsd-subtype-be-identified-across-two-distinct-trauma-samples-meeting-caseness-for-ptsd
#18
Maj Hansen, Jana Műllerová, Ask Elklit, Cherie Armour
INTRODUCTION: For over a century, the occurrence of dissociative symptoms in connection to traumatic exposure has been acknowledged in the scientific literature. Recently, the importance of dissociation has also been recognized in the long-term traumatic response within the DSM-5 nomenclature. Several studies have confirmed the existence of the dissociative posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) subtype. However, there is a lack of studies investigating latent profiles of PTSD solely in victims with PTSD...
August 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27146942/femtosecond-laser-assisted-keratoplasty-combined-with-cataract-extraction-in-a-patient-with-keratoconus-and-oculocutaneous-albinism
#19
Dorottya Pásztor, Bence Lajos Kolozsvári, Gergely Losonczy, Mariann Fodor
In this study, we present a case of a 58-year-old male patient with oculocutaneous albinism, keratoconus, total cataract, and glaucoma originating from father-daughter incest. He underwent femtosecond laser-assisted keratoplasty with "open-sky" cataract extraction and posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation. One week after surgery his uncorrected visual acuity improved from hand motion to 20/200. Six months later corneal K values were 49.1 D in the flat and 50.0 D in the steep meridian. The graft had a central corneal thickness of 488 µm and was well fitted...
March 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27092099/intentionality-morality-and-the-incest-taboo-in-madagascar
#20
Paulo Sousa, Lauren Swiney
In a recent article (Astuti and Bloch, 2015), cognitive anthropologists Astuti and Bloch claim that the Malagasy are ambivalent as to whether considerations of intentionality are relevant to moral judgments concerning incest and its presumed catastrophic consequences: when making moral judgments about those who commit incest, the Malagasy take into account whether the incest is intentional or not, but, when making moral judgments relating to incest's catastrophic consequences, they do not take intentionality into account...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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