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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347894/-gender-specific-differences-in-the-degree-of-burden-on-children-and-adolescents-taken-into-custody
#1
Stefan Rücker, Peter Büttner, Norbert Karpinski, Franz Petermann, Jörg M Fegert
Gender-specific Differences in the Degree of Burden on Children and Adolescents Taken into Custody Children and adolescents who were taken into care are a high-risk group for mental disorders such as externalizing problems or conduct disorders. 95 children and adolescents who were taken into care were tested with the Screening Child Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and the Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument 2 (MAYSI-2). In a large proportion of those children and adolescents emotional and physical neglect and abuse was identified...
January 2018: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298243/adolescent-coping-strategies-in-the-emergency-department
#2
Allison Cheng, Rita Manfredi, Gia Badolato, Monika Goyal
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to describe coping mechanisms used by adolescents during emergency treatment. METHODS: A convenience sample of adolescent patients (aged 12-18 years) was surveyed in our large (87,000 annual visits) urban academic pediatric emergency department (ED) with an adapted Adolescent Coping Orientation for Problem Experiences survey. Parents were surveyed about their perceptions of their child's coping mechanisms. Participants were excluded if they were non-English speaking, in police custody, had altered mental status, or were hemodynamically unstable...
January 2, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294728/trafficking-experiences-and-psychosocial-features-of-domestic-minor-sex-trafficking-victims
#3
Jessica L Moore, Christopher Houck, Priyadarshini Hirway, Christine E Barron, Amy P Goldberg
Domestic minor sex trafficking (DMST) is an increasingly recognized traumatic crime premised upon the control, abuse, and exploitation of youth. By definition, DMST is the "recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act" within domestic borders, in which the person is a U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident under the age of 18 years. The present study described the demographics, psychosocial features, and trafficking experiences (e.g., environments of recruitment, relationship to trafficker, solicitation) of DMST victims...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287167/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-impact-of-child-custody-loss-on-drug-use-and-crime-among-a-sample-of-african-american-mothers
#4
Kathi L H Harp, Carrie B Oser
This study examines the influence of child custody loss on drug use and crime among a sample of African American mothers. Two types of custody loss are examined: informal custody loss (child living apart from mother but courts not involved), and official loss (child removed from mother's care by authorities). METHODS: Using data from 339 African American women, longitudinal random coefficient models analyzed the effects of each type of custody loss on subsequent drug use and crime. RESULTS: indicated that both informal and official custody loss predicted increased drug use, and informal loss predicted increased criminal involvement...
December 26, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169785/-parental-alienation-child-psychological-abuse-and-dsm-5
#5
P Bensussan
Psychiatric experts find it is easier to deal with more horrible crimes than highly conflictual divorces. In the former, projections are impossible and "files" raise very interesting issues with regard to criminology; in contrast, in the latter the expert is confronted not just with a family but also and lest one forget, a couple that at one point in time had loved each other. However, the separation resembles a bloodbath. We will not detail the various psychiatric pathologies, which may further complicate a separation: they are well-known and, on a procedural level, do not raise any specific concerns...
November 20, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161158/drug-use-and-incarceration-among-rural-appalachian-women-findings-from-a-jail-sample
#6
Michele Staton, Gabriele Ciciurkaite, Carrie Oser, Martha Tillson, Carl Leukefeld, J Matthew Webster, Jennifer R Havens
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to examine drug use and incarceration history among rural Appalachian women. METHODS: This study involved random selection, screening, and interviews with rural women from local jails in Appalachia. RESULTS: Of the women randomly selected and screened, 97% met criteria for substance use intervention. Significant factors associated with incarceration history included age, education, custody status, and mental health...
November 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117024/behavioral-genetics-in-criminal-and-civil-courts
#7
Maya Sabatello, Paul S Appelbaum
Although emerging findings in psychiatric and behavioral genetics create hope for improved prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disorders, the introduction of such data as evidence in criminal and civil proceedings raises a host of ethical, legal, and social issues. Should behavioral and psychiatric genetic data be admissible in judicial proceedings? If so, what are the various means for obtaining such evidence, and for what purposes should its admission be sought and permitted? How could-and should-such evidence affect judicial outcomes in criminal and civil proceedings? And what are the potential implications of using behavioral and psychiatric genetic evidence for individuals and communities, and for societal values of equality and justice? This article provides an overview of the historical and current developments in behavioral genetics...
November 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110253/susan-j-terrio-whose-child-am-i-unaccompanied-undocumented-children-in-us-immigration-custody-university-of-california-press-oakland-ca-2015-277-pp-isbn-9780520281493
#8
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082774/maternal-mental-health-after-custody-loss-and-death-of-a-child-a-retrospective-cohort-study-using-linkable-administrative-data
#9
Elizabeth Wall-Wieler, Leslie L Roos, James Bolton, Marni Brownell, Nathan Nickel, Dan Chateau
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to compare mental illness diagnoses and treatment use among mothers who lost custody of their child through involvement with child protection services and those seen in mothers dealing with the death of a child. METHODS: We studied mental health outcomes of a cohort of women whose first child was born in Manitoba, Canada between 1 April 1997 and 31 March 2015. Of these women, 5,792 had a child taken into care, and 1,143 mothers experienced the death of a child (<18 y old) before 31 March 2015...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082772/clinical-and-psychosocial-factors-associated-with-patient-experience-in-pediatrics
#10
Louis Ehwerhemuepha, Sandra Schultz, William Feaster
OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical and psychosocial factors associated with patient experience with care. METHODS: We analyzed patient experience surveys, corresponding clinical and psychosocial the data of 1567 encounters using survey-weighted multivariate logistic regression analysis with willingness to recommend the facility as outcome variable. RESULTS: Parents are less likely to recommend the facility if there were custody issues with the child during their stay, if the child has history of chronic medical condition, and if the child is male with odds ratio and corresponding 95% confidence interval of 0...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941983/child-strengths-and-placement-stability-among-racial-ethnic-minority-youth-in-the-child-welfare-system
#11
Faith Summersett-Ringgold, Neil Jordan, Cassandra Kisiel, Rachel M Sax, Gary McClelland
While all children deserve a stable living environment, national data illustrate that many states struggle to achieve placement stability for youth in the child welfare system as a significant number of children in foster care continue to experience multiple placements while in state custody. Prior research has not considered the impact of youth protective factors or strengths on the frequency of placement changes that youth experience while in the child welfare system. This study examined the association between strengths measured at multiple levels (i...
September 20, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938866/the-interpretation-of-hair-analysis-for-drugs-and-drug-metabolites
#12
Eva Cuypers, Robert J Flanagan
INTRODUCTION: Head hair analysis for drugs and drug metabolites has been used widely with the aim of detecting exposure in the weeks or months prior to sample collection. However, inappropriate interpretation of results has likely led to serious miscarriages of justice, especially in child custody cases. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to assess critically what can, and perhaps more importantly, what cannot be claimed as regards the interpretation of hair test results in a given set of circumstances in order to inform future testing...
September 22, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936018/effects-of-a-video-feedback-parent-training-program-during-child-welfare-visitation
#13
Rhonda N T Nese, Cynthia M Anderson, Traci Ruppert, Philip A Fisher
Behavioral parent training programs have documented efficacy for improving behaviors among parents and their children and are frequently used by child welfare agencies to prevent removal of a child from the parental home or to facilitate reunification. Although an ideal time for parent training might be during supervised visits where parents may practice skills with their children under the guidance and support of a therapist or caseworker, this is not typically the case. Most often, parents within the child welfare system receive parent training in small groups without their children present, and to date, few studies have examined effects of behavioral parent training interventions during supervised visitation...
December 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921731/interobserver-agreement-in-pediatric-cervical-spine-injury-assessment-between-prehospital-and-emergency-department-providers
#14
Lorin R Browne, Hamilton Schwartz, Fahd A Ahmad, Michael Wallendorf, Nathan Kuppermann, E Brooke Lerner, Julie C Leonard
BACKGROUND: Investigators have derived cervical spine injury (CSI) decision support tools from physician observations. There is a need to demonstrate that prehospital emergency medical services (EMS) providers can use these tools to appropriately determine the need for spinal motion restrictions and make field disposition decisions. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to determine the interobserver agreement between EMS and emergency department (ED) providers for CSI risk assessment variables and overall gestalt for CSI in children after blunt trauma...
September 18, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838893/impact-of-family-friendly-prison-policies-on-health-justice-and-child-protection-outcomes-for-incarcerated-mothers-and-their-dependent-children-a-cohort-study-protocol
#15
Helen Myers, Leonie Segal, Derrick Lopez, Ian W Li, David B Preen
INTRODUCTION: Female imprisonment has numerous health and social sequelae for both women prisoners and their children. Examples of comprehensive family-friendly prison policies that seek to improve the health and social functioning of women prisoners and their children exist but have not been evaluated. This study will determine the impact of exposure to a family-friendly prison environment on health, child protection and justice outcomes for incarcerated mothers and their dependent children...
August 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795827/the-parting-parent-concern-inventory-parents-appraisals-correlate-with-divorced-family-functioning
#16
Keith Sanford, Alannah Shelby Rivers
When married parents go through a divorce, they may have concerns in 6 areas that are associated with postdivorce family adjustment. These include concerns about malice, power, custody, child rejection, esteem, and finances. The Parting Parent Concern Inventory assesses these concerns. It was developed in a series of preliminary studies, and this report focuses on results from 2 subsequent validation studies including 643 divorced parents with at least 1 child from their former marriage under the age of 18...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792293/the-opioid-epidemic-challenges-of-sustained-remission
#17
Nitin Chopra, Lauren H Marasa
Opioid use disorder is a growing epidemic, with an alarming number of associated deaths. In 2014, in the United States, 18,893 lethal overdoses were related to prescription opioids and 10,574 due to heroin. Despite the growing number of treatment options for substance use disorders, which are chronic, relapsing-remitting conditions, relapse rates remain as high as 91%. In the United States, 7.5 million children reside with at least one patient who abuses drugs or alcohol. Mothers are twice as likely to lose custody of their children...
March 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727535/civil-unrest-in-the-context-of-chronic-community-violence-impact-on-maternal-depressive-symptoms
#18
Doris P Yimgang, Yan Wang, Grace Paik, Erin R Hager, Maureen M Black
OBJECTIVES: To examine changes in maternal-child health surrounding the April 2015 civil unrest in Baltimore, Maryland, following Freddie Gray's death while in police custody. METHODS: We conducted cross-sectional Children's HealthWatch surveys January 2014 through December 2015 in pediatric emergency departments and primary care clinics on maternal-child health and June 2015 through October 2015 on daily and community routines. We used trend analysis and piecewise logistic regression to examine effects of time, residential proximity moderation, and mediation analysis to assess proximity and maternal-child health relations via maternal concerns...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727173/national-data-study-showed-that-adolescents-living-in-poorer-households-and-with-one-parent-were-more-likely-to-be-bullied
#19
S B Låftman, E Fransson, B Modin, V Östberg
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess whether sociodemographic household characteristics were associated with which Swedish adolescents were more likely to be bullied. METHODS: The data were derived from the Swedish Living Conditions Survey and its child supplements from the survey years 2008-2011. The analyses included information on 3951 adolescents aged 10-18 years. Exposure to bullying was reported by adolescents, and information on sociodemographic household characteristics was reported by parents and obtained from official registers...
July 20, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706461/caregiver-involvement-in-behavioural-health-services-in-the-context-of-child-welfare-service-referrals-a-qualitative-study
#20
Mónica Pérez Jolles, Jodon Anne Jodi Flick, Rebecca Wells, Emmeline Chuang
Human service agencies serve a growing number of adults with behavioral health needs. Despite these agencies' key role in identifying need and facilitating services, many individuals do not receive care or end services prematurely. Few studies have explored the experiences of families referred to behavioral health services by such agencies or the extent to which families' perceptions of service need align with those of treatment providers and frontline workers. This study presents findings from a qualitative study of caregivers involved with child welfare agencies who were referred to behavioral health services...
May 2017: Child & Family Social Work
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