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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778009/exploring-opioid-use-disorder-its-impact-and-treatment-among-individuals-experiencing-homelessness-as-part-of-a-family
#1
Avik Chatterjee, Eun Jin Yu, Lindsay Tishberg
BACKGROUND: Opioid Use Disorder (OUD) causes significant morbidity and mortality among people experiencing homelessness. We aimed to explore the unique way in which OUD impacts individuals experiencing homelessness as part of a family. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with adults experiencing OUD staying in Boston-area family shelters along with dependent children. We used Borkan's Immersion-Crystallization method to uncover themes from interview transcripts...
May 12, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755610/the-living-conditions-of-children-with-shared-residence-the-swedish-example
#2
Emma Fransson, Sara Brolin Låftman, Viveca Östberg, Anders Hjern, Malin Bergström
Among children with separated parents, shared residence - i.e., joint physical custody where the child is sharing his or her time equally between two custodial parents' homes - is increasing in many Western countries and is particularly common in Sweden. The overall level of living among children in Sweden is high; however, the potential structural differences between children in various post-separation family arrangements have not been sufficiently studied. Potential risks for children with shared residence relate to the daily hassles and stress when having two homes...
2018: Child Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678130/cumulative-risk-effect-of-household-dysfunction-for-child-maltreatment-after-intensive-intervention-of-the-child-protection-system-in-japan-a-longitudinal-analysis
#3
Hirotsuna Ohashi, Ichiro Wada, Yui Yamaoka, Ryoko Nakajima-Yamaguchi, Yasukazu Ogai, Nobuaki Morita
BACKGROUND: Building an effective casework system for child maltreatment is a global issue. We estimated the effect of household dysfunction (i.e., interparental violence, caregiver mental health problems, and caregiver substance abuse) on child maltreatment to understand how to advance the current framework of child welfare. METHODS: The sample comprised 759 children (1- to 17-year-old; mean age was 10.6; 404 boys and 355 girls) placed in temporary custody units (one of the strongest intervention of the Japanese child protection system)...
April 20, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658764/a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-family-mediation-with-and-without-motivational-interviewing
#4
Megan Morris, W Kim Halford, Jemima Petch
Family mediation is a widely used approach to assist separated parents to resolve conflicts about parenting arrangements for their children, yet frequently parents undertaking mediation do not reach a mutually agreeable resolution. In Australia, where the current study was conducted, separated parents must attempt family mediation before they can seek to appear in the family court for custody issues. We compared mediation enhanced with motivational interviewing (MI) with mediation as usual (MAU) in a randomized controlled trial...
March 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514550/racial-differences-in-children-s-trauma-symptoms-following-complex-trauma-exposure
#5
Rachel Wamser-Nanney, Kathryn E Cherry, Claudia Campbell, Elise Trombetta
Complex trauma exposure has been defined as multiple or chronic interpersonal trauma that begins early in life, which leads to widespread dysregulation. Previous studies have reported that minorities may be at greater risk for trauma exposure and symptoms; yet, racial differences have not been investigated in the context of complex trauma. The aim of the present study was to determine if there are racial disparities in children's trauma exposure and outcomes among 167 child survivors of complex trauma (3-18 years, M = 9...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509077/connecting-older-grandmothers-raising-grandchildren-with-community-resources-improves-family-resiliency-social-support-and-caregiver-self-efficacy
#6
Abhishek Pandey, Kerry Littlewood, Larry Cooper, Julie McCrae, Michelle Rosenthal, Angelique Day, Liliana Hernandez
Custodial grandparenting can be especially challenging for older grandmothers facing age specific issues. Kinship navigator programs are social service delivery programs intended to inform grandparents and other relatives raising children about available resources and services, provide information specific to their individual needs, and help families navigate service systems. Our study utilizes self-report data from one kinship navigator federal demonstration project, which used a randomized control trial, to examine demographic characteristics for grandmothers under and over 55 years of age, whether grandmother caregivers (≥55 years) improve family resilience, social support, and caregiver self-efficacy, and which interventions improved outcomes for grandmothers (≥55 years)...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496331/mothers-with-acute-and-chronic-postpartum-psychoses-and-impact-on-the-mother-infant-interaction
#7
REVIEW
Brigitte Ramsauer, Sandra Achtergarde
BACKGROUND: Maternal postpartum psychoses pose a serious risk to the mother-infant interaction. It is unclear how different subtypes of postpartum psychosis, including acute and chronic, might differentially affect the mother-infant interaction. METHOD: A systematic search of electronic journal databases was performed. RESULTS: This systematic review yielded 17 studies with adequate overall study quality. They focused on child custody and involvement of social services as indirect indicators of the mother-infant interaction, observed mother-infant interactions as direct indicators, or potential transitional mechanisms, including memory processing, mind-mindedness, and affect recognition, that may partially explain the effects of psychotic disorders...
February 26, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471817/health-care-quality-measures-for-children-and-adolescents-in-foster-care-feasibility-testing-in-electronic-records
#8
Katherine J Deans, Peter C Minneci, Kristine M Nacion, Karen Leonhart, Jennifer N Cooper, Sarah Hudson Scholle, Kelly J Kelleher
BACKGROUND: Preventive quality measures for the foster care population are largely untested. The objective of the study is to identify healthcare quality measures for young children and adolescents in foster care and to test whether the data required to calculate these measures can be feasibly extracted and interpreted within an electronic health records or within the Statewide Automated Child Welfare Information System. METHODS: The AAP Recommendations for Preventive Pediatric Health Care served as the guideline for determining quality measures...
February 22, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442389/children-detained-in-french-police-cells
#9
Dorothée Fablet, Patrick Chariot
AIM: Police custody is detention in response to a suspicion of crime. In France, until the age of 13, pre-trial detention and police custody are not allowed. We aimed to evaluate the practical implementation of police detention of children aged between 10 and 12 years and describe the medical characteristics and history, perceived health status and opinion on custody of the potentially affected children. METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted in a French reference regional department of forensic medicine at the time of medical examination in police cells among arrestees younger than 13 years old examined over a 5-year period (1 January 2011-31 December 2015)...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419722/detection-of-drug-exposed-newborns
#10
Simuli L Wabuyele, Jennifer M Colby, Gwendolyn A McMillin
Maternal substance abuse during pregnancy is a growing problem with major public health and legal concerns. In utero substance exposure may adversely affect neonatal development; pregnancy outcome; and the long-term behavioral, cognitive, and developmental abilities of the child. Also, serious legal implications are associated with substance abuse during pregnancy, including charges of child abuse and neglect that may result in the removal of the neonate from parental care and loss of custodial rights. Timely detection of in utero drug exposure is necessary for early identification and effective management of exposed newborns...
April 2018: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347894/-gender-specific-differences-in-the-degree-of-burden-on-children-and-adolescents-taken-into-custody
#11
Stefan Rücker, Peter Büttner, Norbert Karpinski, Franz Petermann, Jörg M Fegert
Gender-specific Differences in the Degree of Burden on Children and Adolescents Taken into Custody Children and adolescents who were taken into care are a high-risk group for mental disorders such as externalizing problems or conduct disorders. 95 children and adolescents who were taken into care were tested with the Screening Child Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and the Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument 2 (MAYSI-2). In a large proportion of those children and adolescents emotional and physical neglect and abuse was identified...
January 2018: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298243/adolescent-coping-strategies-in-the-emergency-department
#12
Allison Cheng, Rita Manfredi, Gia Badolato, Monika Goyal
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to describe coping mechanisms used by adolescents during emergency treatment. METHODS: A convenience sample of adolescent patients (aged 12-18 years) was surveyed in our large (87,000 annual visits) urban academic pediatric emergency department (ED) with an adapted Adolescent Coping Orientation for Problem Experiences survey. Parents were surveyed about their perceptions of their child's coping mechanisms. Participants were excluded if they were non-English speaking, in police custody, had altered mental status, or were hemodynamically unstable...
January 2, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294728/trafficking-experiences-and-psychosocial-features-of-domestic-minor-sex-trafficking-victims
#13
Jessica L Moore, Christopher Houck, Priyadarshini Hirway, Christine E Barron, Amy P Goldberg
Domestic minor sex trafficking (DMST) is an increasingly recognized traumatic crime premised upon the control, abuse, and exploitation of youth. By definition, DMST is the "recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act" within domestic borders, in which the person is a U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident under the age of 18 years. The present study described the demographics, psychosocial features, and trafficking experiences (e...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287167/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-impact-of-child-custody-loss-on-drug-use-and-crime-among-a-sample-of-african-american-mothers
#14
Kathi L H Harp, Carrie B Oser
This study examines the influence of child custody loss on drug use and crime among a sample of African American mothers. Two types of custody loss are examined: informal custody loss (child living apart from mother but courts not involved), and official loss (child removed from mother's care by authorities). METHODS: Using data from 339 African American women, longitudinal random coefficient models analyzed the effects of each type of custody loss on subsequent drug use and crime. RESULTS: indicated that both informal and official custody loss predicted increased drug use, and informal loss predicted increased criminal involvement...
March 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169785/-parental-alienation-child-psychological-abuse-and-dsm-5
#15
P Bensussan
Psychiatric experts find it is easier to deal with more horrible crimes than highly conflictual divorces. In the former, projections are impossible and "files" raise very interesting issues with regard to criminology; in contrast, in the latter the expert is confronted not just with a family but also and lest one forget, a couple that at one point in time had loved each other. However, the separation resembles a bloodbath. We will not detail the various psychiatric pathologies, which may further complicate a separation: they are well-known and, on a procedural level, do not raise any specific concerns...
December 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161158/drug-use-and-incarceration-among-rural-appalachian-women-findings-from-a-jail-sample
#16
Michele Staton, Gabriele Ciciurkaite, Carrie Oser, Martha Tillson, Carl Leukefeld, J Matthew Webster, Jennifer R Havens
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to examine drug use and incarceration history among rural Appalachian women. METHODS: This study involved random selection, screening, and interviews with rural women from local jails in Appalachia. RESULTS: Of the women randomly selected and screened, 97% met criteria for substance use intervention. Significant factors associated with incarceration history included age, education, custody status, and mental health...
November 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117024/behavioral-genetics-in-criminal-and-civil-courts
#17
Maya Sabatello, Paul S Appelbaum
Although emerging findings in psychiatric and behavioral genetics create hope for improved prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disorders, the introduction of such data as evidence in criminal and civil proceedings raises a host of ethical, legal, and social issues. Should behavioral and psychiatric genetic data be admissible in judicial proceedings? If so, what are the various means for obtaining such evidence, and for what purposes should its admission be sought and permitted? How could-and should-such evidence affect judicial outcomes in criminal and civil proceedings? And what are the potential implications of using behavioral and psychiatric genetic evidence for individuals and communities, and for societal values of equality and justice? This article provides an overview of the historical and current developments in behavioral genetics...
November 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110253/susan-j-terrio-whose-child-am-i-unaccompanied-undocumented-children-in-us-immigration-custody-university-of-california-press-oakland-ca-2015-277-pp-isbn-9780520281493
#18
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082774/maternal-mental-health-after-custody-loss-and-death-of-a-child-a-retrospective-cohort-study-using-linkable-administrative-data
#19
Elizabeth Wall-Wieler, Leslie L Roos, James Bolton, Marni Brownell, Nathan Nickel, Dan Chateau
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to compare mental illness diagnoses and treatment use among mothers who lost custody of their child through involvement with child protection services and those seen in mothers dealing with the death of a child. METHODS: We studied mental health outcomes of a cohort of women whose first child was born in Manitoba, Canada between 1 April 1997 and 31 March 2015. Of these women, 5,792 had a child taken into care, and 1,143 mothers experienced the death of a child (<18 y old) before 31 March 2015...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082772/clinical-and-psychosocial-factors-associated-with-patient-experience-in-pediatrics
#20
Louis Ehwerhemuepha, Sandra Schultz, William Feaster
OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical and psychosocial factors associated with patient experience with care. METHODS: We analyzed patient experience surveys, corresponding clinical and psychosocial the data of 1567 encounters using survey-weighted multivariate logistic regression analysis with willingness to recommend the facility as outcome variable. RESULTS: Parents are less likely to recommend the facility if there were custody issues with the child during their stay, if the child has history of chronic medical condition, and if the child is male with odds ratio and corresponding 95% confidence interval of 0...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
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