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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219966/the-child-witness-in-the-courtroom
#1
Robert H Pantell
Beginning in the 1980s, children have increasingly served as witnesses in the criminal, civil, and family courts; currently, >100 000 children appear in court each year. This statement updates the 1992 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) policy statement "The Child as a Witness" and the subsequent 1999 "The Child in Court: A Subject Review." It also builds on existing AAP policy on adverse life events affecting children and resources developed to understand and address childhood trauma. The purpose of this policy statement is to provide background information on some of the legal issues involving children testifying in court, including the accuracy and psychological impact of child testimony; to provide suggestions for how pediatricians can support patients who will testify in court; and to make recommendations for policy improvements to minimize the adverse psychological consequences for child witnesses...
February 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216771/filicide-in-the-united-states
#2
Phillip J Resnick
In the United States the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education determines the curriculum required for fellows in forensic psychiatry to become board certified as a subspecialist. Areas that must be covered during the one year fellowship include criminal issues, such as insanity; civil issues, such as tort law and Workers' Compensation; legal regulation of psychiatry, such as confidentiality and involuntary hospitalization; and correctional psychiatry issues, such as dual agency and prisoner's rights...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142627/-predictors-of-psychological-evaluation-recommendations-in-child-custody-and-access-proceedings
#3
Jelena Zumbach
Predictors of Psychological Evaluation Recommendations in Child Custody and Access Proceedings Psychologists can make an important contribution to decision making in custody and access proceedings by providing expert opinions to the courts, addressing the best interests of the child. This study aims to investigate quantified effects of indicators on recommendations of psychological evaluators in custody and access proceedings. This data is based on 179 psychological evaluations that were conducted from 2008 to 2012 at an evaluator association in Bremen, Germany...
February 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122286/does-the-forensic-physician-have-a-role-beyond-injury-documentation-and-specimen-collection-in-australia-a-personal-view
#4
John A M Gall
Clinical forensic medicine (CFM), as a single discipline, encompasses a number of areas of medico-legal practice including injury interpretation, management of sexual and physical assault cases (both adult and child; alleged victim and offender), mental health issues, traffic medicine, custodial medicine and toxicology. The cases are usually alive but in some jurisdictions the forensic practitioner also engages in death investigation with some undertaking autopsies. During the last 20-30 years, the discipline has fragmented with areas being hived off to other medical specialist disciplines and, importantly, to nurses...
February 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024453/family-structure-child-living-arrangement-and-mothers-self-rated-health-in-sweden-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Sara C Fritzell, H Michael Gähler
Alternate living, i.e. children living 50-50 with their parents following separation is emerging as a new family form. This study is the first to differentiate separated mothers with sole/main custody from mothers with alternately living children, analysing health outcomes and using a sample representative of the population. The association between the self-rated health (SRH) of mothers and different family structures are examined. Parental cooperation is included in the analyses as a potential mediator. Data on 755 mothers from the 2010 Swedish Level of Living Survey were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression...
January 1, 2016: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891762/judicial-reliance-on-parental-iq-in-appellate-level-child-welfare-cases-involving-parents-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#6
Ella Callow, Munazza Tahir, Maurice Feldman
BACKGROUND: Parents with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs) are over-represented in child welfare cases. Although IQ per se is an invalid indicator of parenting abilities, this study examined the prevalence of judicial consideration of parental IQ test evidence in US appellate cases. METHODS: The present authors conducted Boolean searches of Westlaw Corporation's case database since 1999. The present authors used a six-question checklist to survey the 42 most recent American appellate cases involving termination of parental rights (TPR) decisions that included evidence of parental intellectual and developmental disabilities based on IQ...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878920/-framed-terminating-the-parenting-rights-of-parents-with-intellectual-disability-in-iceland
#7
Hanna Björg Sigurjónsdóttir, James Gordon Rice
BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate the role of measured intellectual function in framing parents as 'unfit' in child custody deprivation cases. METHOD: Grounded theory was used to analyse a national sample of custody deprivation cases in Iceland 2002-2014. RESULTS: The terminology used to evaluate and describe the intellectual and developmental status of parents in child deprivation custody cases served as a device to define and shape the 'unfit parent'...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808522/randomized-control-trial-follow-up-online-program-and-waiting-period-for-unmarried-parents-in-title-iv-d-court
#8
Brittany N Rudd, Ani R Poladian, Amy Holtzworth-Munroe, Amy G Applegate, Brian M D'Onofrio
Despite a lack of research on parent programs for separating unmarried parents, many judicial officers mandate participation. Rudd, Holtzworth-Munroe, Reyome, Applegate, and D'Onofrio (2015) conducted the only randomized controlled trial of any online parent program for separating parents, ProudToParent.org (PTP), and related court processes (e.g., having a waiting period between the establishment of paternity and the court hearing regarding child related issues vs. having the hearing the same day). They recruited a unique sample of 182 cases in a Title IV-D Court (i...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792977/parenthood-among-patients-with-psychotic-disorders-gender-differences-in-a-non-selective-clinical-sample
#9
Beate Schrank, Tamara Rumpold, Andrea Gmeiner, Stefan Priebe, Martin Aigner
A large proportion of people with psychotic disorders have children and also live with them. However, research has rarely studied this in clinical populations and included male patients. This exploratory study used routine data of all 709 patients with a psychotic disorder treated in a psychiatric inpatient service in Austria between 2012 and 2015. Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics, number and age of children, and living arrangements were assessed and analysed. More female patients than male patients had children in the total sample (56% vs...
December 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778137/susan-j-terrio-whose-child-am-i-unaccompanied-undocumented-children-in-us-immigration-custody-university-of-california-press-oakland-ca-2015-280-pp-isbn-9780520281493
#10
Jose Luis Rodriguez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776680/medication-assisted-treatment-improves-child-permanency-outcomes-for-opioid-using-families-in-the-child-welfare-system
#11
Martin T Hall, Jordan Wilfong, Ruth A Huebner, Lynn Posze, Tina Willauer
Parents who use opioids and are involved in the child welfare system are less likely to retain custody of their children than parents who use other drugs. No previous studies have described medication-assisted treatment (MAT) utilization and child permanency outcomes for this population. The Sobriety Treatment and Recovery Team (START) model is a child welfare-based intervention focused on families with co-occurring substance use and child abuse / neglect issues. This study examined the prevalence and correlates of MAT utilization among parents in the START program with a history of opioid use, and compared child outcomes for families who received MAT services to those who did not...
December 2016: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773531/recommendations-about-pregnancy-from-women-with-mobility-disability-to-their-peers
#12
Lisa I Iezzoni, Amy J Wint, Suzanne C Smeltzer, Jeffrey L Ecker
BACKGROUND: Although growing numbers of women with mobility disability are becoming pregnant and desiring motherhood, relatively little is known about their pregnancy experiences or what they might recommend to other women with mobility disability contemplating pregnancy. METHODS: Using a semistructured, open-ended interview protocol, we conducted 2-hour telephone interviews with 22 women who had a significant mobility disability before becoming pregnant and had delivered babies within the prior 10 years...
January 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739932/parenting-efficacy-and-support-in-mothers-with-dual-disorders-in-a-substance-abuse-treatment-program
#13
Suzanne Brown, Laurel M Hicks, Elizabeth M Tracy
OBJECTIVE: Approximately 73% of women entering treatment for substance use disorders are mothers of children younger than 18, and the high rate of mental health disorders among mothers with substance use disorders increases their vulnerability to poor parenting practices. Parenting efficacy and social support for parenting have emerged as significant predictors of positive parenting practices among families at risk for child maltreatment. The purpose of the current study was to examine the impact of parenting support and parenting efficacy on the likelihood of out-of-home placement and custody status among the children of mothers with dual substance use and mental health disorders...
July 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738085/mother-child-relational-quality-of-women-in-substance-abuse-treatment
#14
Linda Lewin, Kathleen Farkas, Maryam Niazi
BACKGROUND: Mothers who abuse substances are more likely to have impaired parenting and lose custody of their young children. OBJECTIVE: The pilot study described mother-child relational quality of women in substance abuse treatment. The identification of mothers' perceptions of being parented, current level of depression, discrete and potentially modifiable mothering behaviors, and self-appraisals of their role. DESIGN: The descriptive study implemented audio-video-recorded mother-child interactions for coding...
January 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712685/factors-associated-with-two-types-of-child-custody-loss-among-a-sample-of-african-american-mothers-a-novel-approach
#15
Kathi L H Harp, Carrie B Oser
African American families are overrepresented in the Child Welfare System; however, extant research on this phenomenon has (1) focused mostly on Caucasian or mixed-race samples and (2) has not examined informal custody arrangements alongside official child custody loss. This research addresses these gaps in the literature by examining factors associated with both official and informal child custody loss among a sample of African American mothers. Multinomial regression results show that having ever been incarcerated following a conviction increases the odds of experiencing both types of custody loss relative to no loss...
November 2016: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695660/psychiatric-genetics-in-child-custody-proceedings-ethical-legal-and-social-issues
#16
Maya Sabatello, S Appelbaum
This paper considers the ethical, legal, and social issues raised by the prospect of increasing use of psychiatric genetic data in child custody litigation. Although genetic tests cannot currently confirm a parent or child's psychiatric diagnosis, it is likely that as relevant findings emerge, they will be introduced in family courts to challenge parental capacity. Here, we draw on three projected, but plausible, scenarios for obtaining psychiatric data about parents -- imposed genetic testing, access to medical records, and genetic theft -- then consider the use of psychiatric genetic data of children, to highlight the issues that judges, child custody evaluators, and clinicians who may provide treatment for parents or children with mental health issues will need to consider...
September 2016: Current Genetic Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630981/the-amagugu-intervention-a-conceptual-framework-for-increasing-hiv-disclosure-and-parent-led-communication-about-health-among-hiv-infected-parents-with-hiv-uninfected-primary-school-aged-children
#17
Tamsen J Rochat, Joanie Mitchell, Alan Stein, Ntombizodumo Brilliant Mkwanazi, Ruth M Bland
Advances in access to HIV prevention and treatment have reduced vertical transmission of HIV, with most children born to HIV-infected parents being HIV-uninfected themselves. A major challenge that HIV-infected parents face is disclosure of their HIV status to their predominantly HIV-uninfected children. Their children enter middle childhood and early adolescence facing many challenges associated with parental illness and hospitalization, often exacerbated by stigma and a lack of access to health education and support...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27366161/hiv-prophylaxis-in-high-risk-newborns-an-examination-of-sociodemographic-factors-in-an-inner-city-context
#18
Zenita Alidina, Anne E Wormsbecker, Marcelo Urquia, Jay MacGillivray, Evan Taerk, Mark H Yudin, Douglas M Campbell
Background. Perinatal HIV transmission is less than 1% with antiretroviral (ARV) prophylaxis. Transmission risk appears higher in "high risk" dyads, yet this is not well defined, possibly exposing more infants to combination ARV compared with standard care. Objective. To describe characteristics of mother-infant dyads where infants received ARVs and how these characteristics relate to specific ARV regimens. Methods. Retrospective chart review of ARV-receiving newborns at St. Michael's Hospital from 2007 to 2012 (and their mothers)...
2016: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364282/best-interest-of-the-child-and-parental-alienation-a-survey-of-state-statutes
#19
Amy J L Baker, Mariann Asayan, Alianna LaCheen-Baker
State statutes regarding the best interests of the child (BIC) in deciding disputed custody were reviewed and independently coded with respect to three issues (i) the child's preference and any limits (ii) parental alienation and (iii) psychological maltreatment. Results revealed that many states allowed for the child's preferences to be considered and none qualified that preference when undue influence has occurred; parental alienation as a term was not found in any state statutes but 70% of the states included at least one BIC factor relevant to its core construct of the parent supporting the child's relationship to the other parent; and many states included a history of domestic violence or child abuse but only three states explicitly mentioned psychological maltreatment...
July 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27352090/cumulative-risk-hypothesis-predicting-and-preventing-child-maltreatment-recidivism
#20
David Solomon, Kia Åsberg, Samuel Peer, Gwendolyn Prince
Although Child Protective Services (CPS) and other child welfare agencies aim to prevent further maltreatment in cases of child abuse and neglect, recidivism is common. Having a better understanding of recidivism predictors could aid in preventing additional instances of maltreatment. A previous study identified two CPS interventions that predicted recidivism: psychotherapy for the parent, which was related to a reduced risk of recidivism, and temporary removal of the child from the parent's custody, which was related to an increased recidivism risk...
August 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
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