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Endocrine depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923310/factors-associated-with-specific-diagnostic-and-statistical-manual-of-mental-disorders-fourth-edition-sexual-dysfunctions-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-study-of-patients-and-their-partners
#1
Susanna B Hummel, Daniela E E Hahn, Jacques J D M van Lankveld, Hester S A Oldenburg, Eva Broomans, Neil K Aaronson
BACKGROUND: Many women develop sexual problems after breast cancer (BC) treatment. Little is known about BC survivors with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) sexual dysfunction and their partners, and the factors associated with their sexual functioning. AIM: To evaluate (i) patient-related and clinical factors associated with (a) specific DSM-IV sexual dysfunctions and (b) level of sexual functioning and sexual distress as reported by BC survivors and (ii) the association between the sexual functioning of BC survivors and that of their partners...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921462/bifidobacterium-pseudocatenulatum-cect-7765-ameliorates-neuroendocrine-alterations-associated-with-an-exaggerated-stress-response-and-anhedonia-in-obese-mice
#2
Ana Agusti, A Moya-Pérez, I Campillo, S Montserrat-de la Paz, V Cerrudo, A Perez-Villalba, Yolanda Sanz
Obesity, besides being a problem of metabolic dysfunction, constitutes a risk factor for psychological disorders. Experimental models of diet-induced obesity have revealed that obese animals are prone to anxious and depressive-like behaviors. The present study aimed to evaluate whether Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum CECT 7765 could reverse the neurobehavioral consequences of obesity in a high-fat diet (HFD) fed mouse model via regulation of the gut-brain axis. Adult male wild-type C57BL-6 mice were fed a standard diet or HFD, supplemented with either placebo or the bifidobacterial strain for 13 weeks...
September 18, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919050/disease-and-treatment-factors-associated-with-lower-quality-of-life-scores-in-adults-with-multiple-endocrine-neoplasia-type-i
#3
Sneha Goswami, Benjamin J Peipert, Irene Helenowski, Susan E Yount, Cord Sturgeon
BACKGROUND: Physical and psychosocial morbidity of multiple endocrine neoplasia type-1 is ill-defined. How disease and treatment-related factors relate to patient-reported outcomes including health-related quality of life is unknown. We hypothesized that disease and treatment burden negatively impacts health-related quality of life in adults with multiple endocrine neoplasia type-1. METHODS: Adults (≥18 years) with multiple endocrine neoplasia type-1 completed an online survey of demographics, disease features, treatments, and Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System 29-item profile measure, and scores were compared with normative US data...
September 14, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894050/compounds-of-psoriasis-with-obesity-and-overweight
#4
Agnieszka Owczarczyk-Saczonek, Waldemar Placek
Many epidemiological studies have confirmed the relationship of obesity and psoriasis, and it is believed that obesity is an independent risk factor for its development and is associated with a worse prognosis. Furthermore, the reduction of body weight, using low-calorie diet combined with exercise, reduces the severity of psoriasis.Visceral adipose tissue is the largest endocrine organ, producing proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6, IL-17) and adipokines (adiponectin, omentin, chemerin). They participate in the development of dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, diabetes, and consequently of the cardiovascular diseases...
August 24, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890366/increasing-adult-hippocampal-neurogenesis-in-mice-after-exposure-to-unpredictable-chronic-mild-stress-may-counteract-some-of-the-effects-of-stress
#5
Luka Culig, Alexandre Surget, Marlene Bourdey, Wahid Khemissi, Anne-Marie Le Guisquet, Elise Vogel, Amar Sahay, René Hen, Catherine Belzung
Major depression is hypothesized to be associated with dysregulations of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and impairments in adult hippocampal neurogenesis. Adult-born hippocampal neurons are required for several effects of antidepressants and increasing the rate of adult hippocampal neurogenesis (AHN) before exposure to chronic corticosterone is sufficient to protect against its harmful effects on behavior. However, it is an open question if increasing AHN after the onset of chronic stress exposure would be able to rescue behavioral deficits and which mechanisms might be involved in recovery...
September 7, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888809/childhood-maltreatment-psychological-resources-and-depressive-symptoms-in-women-with-breast-cancer
#6
Kate Ryan Kuhlman, Chloe C Boyle, Michael R Irwin, Patricia A Ganz, Catherine M Crespi, Arash Asher, Laura Petersen, Julienne E Bower
Childhood maltreatment is associated with elevated risk for depression across the human lifespan. Identifying the pathways through which childhood maltreatment relates to depressive symptoms may elucidate intervention targets that have the potential to reduce the lifelong negative health sequelae of maltreatment exposure. In this cross-sectional study, 271 women with early-stage breast cancer were assessed after their diagnosis but before the start of adjuvant treatment (chemotherapy, radiation, endocrine therapy)...
September 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882111/tsh-cut-off-point-based-on-depression-in-hypothyroid-patients
#7
A Talaei, N Rafee, F Rafei, A Chehrei
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of depressive symptoms in hypothyroidism is high. Considering that hypothyroidism and depression share some clinical features, some researchers use the "brain hypothyroidism" hypothesis to explain the pathogenesis of depression. We aimed to detect a new TSH cut-off value in hypothyroidism based on depression symptoms. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on hypothyroid patients referred to endocrine clinics. Individuals who had developed euthyroid state under treatment with levothyroxine with TSH levels of 0...
September 7, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866130/differential-effects-of-imipramine-and-cort118335-glucocorticoid-receptor-modulator-mineralocorticoid-receptor-antagonist-on-brain-endocrine-stress-responses-and-depression-like-behavior-in-female-rats
#8
Elizabeth T Nguyen, Jody L Caldwell, Joshua Streicher, Valentina Ghisays, Nikolaus J Balmer, Christina M Estrada, Matia B Solomon
Depression is commonly associated with hypothalamic-pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis dysfunction that primarily manifests as aberrant glucocorticoid secretion. Glucocorticoids act on Type I mineralocorticoid (MR) and Type II glucocorticoid receptors (GR) to modulate mood and endocrine responses. Successful antidepressant treatment normalizes HPA axis function, in part due to modulatory effects on MR and GR in cortico-limbic structures. Although women are twice as likely to suffer from depression, little is known about how antidepressants modulate brain, endocrine, and behavioral stress responses in females...
September 1, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859501/is-there-a-hormonal-regulation-of-phagocytosis-at-unicellular-and-multicellular-levels-a-critical-review
#9
György Csaba
Phagocytosis is an ancient cell function, which is similar at unicellular and multicellular levels. Unicells synthesize, store, and secrete multicellular (mammalian) hormones, which influence their phagocytosis. Amino acid hormones, such as histamine, serotonin, epinephrine, and melatonin stimulate phagocytosis, whereas peptide hormones, such as adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), insulin, opioids, arginine vasopressin, and atrial natriuretic peptide decreased it, independently on their chemical structure or function in multicellulars...
September 1, 2017: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846969/effects-of-maternal-exposure-to-bisphenol-af-on-emotional-behaviors-in-adolescent-mice-offspring
#10
Miao Gong, Ziqing Huai, Han Song, Lingyu Cui, Qingjun Guo, Juan Shao, Yuan Gao, Haishui Shi
Exposure to bisphenol A (BPA), one kind of environmental endocrine disruptors (EEDs), exerted significantly detrimental effects on neuro-endocrinological system and related disorders, such as memory dysfunction and depression. Bisphenol AF (BPAF),a newly introduced chemical structurally related to BPA, is used extensively. BPAF has stronger estrogenic activities than BPA. However, the potential neurotoxicological effects of BPAF are still elusive. The present study aimed to investigate the potential effects of maternal BPAF exposure during pregnancy on emotional behaviors of adolescent mice offspring...
August 25, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844189/prevalence-of-comorbidities-in-periodontitis-patients-compared-to-the-general-austrian-population
#11
Martina Sperr, Michael Kundi, Vernes Tursic, Margit Bristela, Andreas Moritz, Oleh Andrukhov, Xiaohui Rausch-Fan, Wolfgang R Sperr
BACKGROUND: To analyze the prevalence and impact of comorbidities in patients with periodontitis in Austria. METHODS: The prevalence of comorbidities was evaluated in 1199 patients with periodontitis (median age: 49, range: 14-83 years). These data were compared to an age and sex matched randomly selected cohort of the Austrian population by an unconditional logistic regression model. RESULTS: Comorbidities were found in 821/1199=68.5% patients...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810998/delayed-diagnosis-of-acromegaly-in-the-context-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-due-to-symptoms-mimicking-known-psychotropic-medication-side-effects
#12
Ray-Bernard Portier, Afshin Afarin, Sara Pope
BACKGROUND: Acromegaly is caused by elevated secretion of human growth hormone, which is frequently because of intracranial tumors. This diagnosis is fairly uncommon with an incidence of 3 to 4 cases per million patients per year. We are presenting a case of acromegaly diagnosed in an active duty Chief Petty Officer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 38-year-old male Chief Petty Officer with no previous mental health diagnosis experienced post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)-like symptoms in early 2012 after deploying to Iraq and Afghanistan from 2010 to 2011...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755554/association-between-plasma-concentrations-of-vitamin-d-metabolites-and-depressive-symptoms-throughout-pregnancy-in-a-prospective-cohort-of-brazilian-women
#13
Amanda C Cunha Figueiredo, Janet Trujillo, Ana Amélia Freitas-Vilela, Ana Beatriz Franco-Sena, Fernanda Rebelo, Geraldo Marcelo Cunha, Maria Beatriz Trindade de Castro, Amanda Farnum, Rana R Mokhtar, Michael F Holick, Gilberto Kac
Plasma concentrations of vitamin D metabolites can be inversely associated with depressive symptoms. However, few longitudinal studies have investigated this association, especially during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and 1,25-dihydroxivitamin D [1,25(OH)2D] with the occurrence of depressive symptoms throughout pregnancy. A prospective cohort of 179 women was followed at 5th-13th, 20th-26th and 30th-36th gestational weeks...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730167/the-clinical-characteristics-of-patients-with-chronic-idiopathic-anal-pain
#14
Weiming Mao, Xiujun Liao, Wenjing Wu, Yanyan Yu, Guangen Yang
The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics, treatment outcomes and psychological distress in patients with chronic idiopathic anal pain. The study was conducted on patients referred to Hangzhou Third Hospital for chronic anal pain from January, 2010 to December, 2014. Patient demographics, clinical history, anorectal physiology, and radiological imaging data were recorded for all patients. The treatment outcome was noted for patients treated and followed up for more than 6 month at the present unit...
2017: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724431/biological-embedding-of-childhood-adversity-from-physiological-mechanisms-to-clinical-implications
#15
REVIEW
Anne E Berens, Sarah K G Jensen, Charles A Nelson
BACKGROUND: Adverse psychosocial exposures in early life, namely experiences such as child maltreatment, caregiver stress or depression, and domestic or community violence, have been associated in epidemiological studies with increased lifetime risk of adverse outcomes, including diabetes, heart disease, cancers, and psychiatric illnesses. Additional work has shed light on the potential molecular mechanisms by which early adversity becomes "biologically embedded" in altered physiology across body systems...
July 20, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720389/exposure-to-pesticide-as-a-risk-factor-for-depression-a-population-based-longitudinal-study-in-korea
#16
Sang-Baek Koh, Tae Hui Kim, Seongho Min, Kyungsuk Lee, Dae Ryong Kang, Jung Ran Choi
BACKGROUND: Exposure to pesticides is associated with mental disorders, including depression, especially among occupationally exposed populations, such as farmers. The results of experimental studies ascribed the negative effects of pesticides on mental health to their neurotoxic and endocrine-disrupting activities. PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the association between the risk of depression and high- or low-level exposure to pesticides in a rural population...
July 15, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711395/silymarin-ameliorates-experimentally-induced-depressive-like-behavior-in-rats-involvement-of-hippocampal-bdnf-signaling-inflammatory-cytokines-and-oxidative-stress-response
#17
Vishnu N Thakare, Manoj K Aswar, Yogesh P Kulkarni, Rajesh R Patil, Bhoomika M Patel
Silymarin is a polyphenolic flavonoid of Silybum marianum, exhibited neuroprotection and antidepressant like activity in acute restraint stressed mice. The main objective of the present study is to investigate possible antidepressant like activity of silymarin in experimentally induced depressive behavior in rats. The depressive behaviors were induced in rats by olfactory bulbectomized (OBX) technique. Wistar rats were administered with silymarin at a dose of 100mg/kg and 200mg/kg, by per oral in OBX and sham operated rats...
July 12, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706407/incidence-of-oral-lichen-planus-in-perimenopausal-women-a-cross-sectional-study-in-western-uttar-pradesh-population
#18
Ravi Prakash Sasankoti Mohan, Akanksha Gupta, Nagaraju Kamarthi, Sangeeta Malik, Sumit Goel, Swati Gupta
BACKGROUND: Hormonal fluctuations during menopause lead to endocrine changes in women, especially in their sex steroid hormone production. Studies have documented the role of estrogen and progesterone (Pg) on autoimmune disorders such as multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and rheumatoid arthritis. Lichen planus (LP), an autoimmune disorder, seen frequently in perimenopausal women, may also get affected by sex steroid hormones, but no direct relationship has been established yet...
April 2017: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694611/depression-as-a-manifestation-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#19
Sheikh Shoib, Javid A Malik, Shariq Masoodi
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) often results in a wide range of comorbid conditions, predominantly of the cardiovascular/respiratory, endocrine/metabolic, and neuropsychiatric symptoms. In view of the ambiguity of literature regarding the association between OSA and depression, we conducted this study to show any association between the two disorders. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to see the association between OSA and depression and to study the prevalence of OSA in patients suffering from depression...
July 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670550/thyro-stress
#20
Sanjay Kalra, Komal Verma, Yatan Pal Singh Balhara
Our understanding of the biopsychosocial model of health, and its influence on chronic endocrine conditions, has improved over the past few decades. We can distinguish, for example, between diabetes distress and major depressive disorders in diabetes. Similar to diabetes distress, we suggest the existence of "thyrostress" in chronic thyroid disorders. Thyro-stress is defined as an emotional state, characterized by extreme apprehension, discomfort or dejection, caused by the challenges and demand of living with thyroid disorders such as hypothyroidism...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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