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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329309/time-series-sightability-modeling-of-animal-populations
#1
Althea A ArchMiller, Robert M Dorazio, Katherine St Clair, John R Fieberg
Logistic regression models-or "sightability models"-fit to detection/non-detection data from marked individuals are often used to adjust for visibility bias in later detection-only surveys, with population abundance estimated using a modified Horvitz-Thompson (mHT) estimator. More recently, a model-based alternative for analyzing combined detection/non-detection and detection-only data was developed. This approach seemed promising, since it resulted in similar estimates as the mHT when applied to data from moose (Alces alces) surveys in Minnesota...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326103/understanding-the-complex-relationship-between-critical-thinking-and-science-reasoning-among-undergraduate-thesis-writers
#2
Jason E Dowd, Robert J Thompson, Leslie A Schiff, Julie A Reynolds
Developing critical-thinking and scientific reasoning skills are core learning objectives of science education, but little empirical evidence exists regarding the interrelationships between these constructs. Writing effectively fosters students' development of these constructs, and it offers a unique window into studying how they relate. In this study of undergraduate thesis writing in biology at two universities, we examine how scientific reasoning exhibited in writing (assessed using the Biology Thesis Assessment Protocol) relates to general and specific critical-thinking skills (assessed using the California Critical Thinking Skills Test), and we consider implications for instruction...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325056/social-health-insurance-schemes-in-africa-leave-out-the-poor
#3
Ama Pokuaa Fenny, Robert Yates, Rachel Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315317/data-collection-and-storage-in-long-term-ecological-and-evolutionary-studies-the-mongoose-2000-system
#4
Harry H Marshall, David J Griffiths, Francis Mwanguhya, Robert Businge, Amber G F Griffiths, Solomon Kyabulima, Kenneth Mwesige, Jennifer L Sanderson, Faye J Thompson, Emma I K Vitikainen, Michael A Cant
Studying ecological and evolutionary processes in the natural world often requires research projects to follow multiple individuals in the wild over many years. These projects have provided significant advances but may also be hampered by needing to accurately and efficiently collect and store multiple streams of the data from multiple individuals concurrently. The increase in the availability and sophistication of portable computers (smartphones and tablets) and the applications that run on them has the potential to address many of these data collection and storage issues...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314622/frailty-prevalence-in-australia-findings-from-four-pooled-australian-cohort-studies
#5
Mark Q Thompson, Olga Theou, Jonathon Karnon, Robert J Adams, Renuka Visvanathan
OBJECTIVE: To examine frailty prevalence in Australian older adults. METHODS: Frailty was measured using a modified Fried Frailty Phenotype (FFP) in a combined cohort of 8804 Australian adults aged ≥65 years (female 86%, median age 80 (79-82) years) from the Dynamic Analyses to Optimise Ageing Project and the North West Adelaide Health Study. RESULTS: Using the FFP, 21% of participants were frail while a further 48% were prefrail. Chi-squared testing of frailty among four age groups (65-69, 70-74, 75-79 and 80-84 years) for sex, and marital status revealed that frailty was significantly higher for women (approximately double that of men), increased significantly with advancing age for both sexes, and was significantly higher for women who were widowed, divorced or never married...
January 5, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311671/home-exercise-training-improves-exercise-capacity-in-cirrhosis-patients-role-of-exercise-adherence
#6
Calvin Kruger, Margaret L McNeely, Robert J Bailey, Milad Yavari, Juan G Abraldes, Michelle Carbonneau, Kim Newnham, Vanessa DenHeyer, Mang Ma, Richard Thompson, Ian Paterson, Mark J Haykowsky, Puneeta Tandon
Cirrhosis patients have reduced peak aerobic power (peak VO2) that is associated with reduced survival. Supervised exercise training increases exercise tolerance. The effect of home-based exercise training (HET) in cirrhosis is unknown. The objective was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of 8 weeks of HET on peak VO2, 6-minute walk distance (6MWD), muscle mass, and quality of life in cirrhosis. Random assignment to 8 weeks of HET (moderate to high intensity cycling exercise, 3 days/week) or usual care. Exercise adherence defined as completing ≥80% training sessions...
January 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302849/low-vs-high-alcohol-central-benefits-vs-detriments
#7
REVIEW
Yousef Tizabi, Bruk Getachew, Clifford L Ferguson, Antonei B Csoka, Karl M Thompson, Alejandra Gomez-Paz, Jana Ruda-Kucerova, Robert E Taylor
The dose-dependent effects of alcohol, where the initial euphoric and stimulant effects initiated by the exposure to low ethanol levels can quickly lead to a deadly consequence are well established. Thus, high blood alcohol concentration (BAC), as seen in alcoholics, can cause significant damage to various organs. At low concentrations (e.g., 10 mg% or lower), however, beneficial effects of alcohol, particularly on cardiovascular function have been reported. Although, the latter assertion has been challenged by recent epidemiological studies, protective effects of low alcohol concentrations in vitro and in vivo relevant to the central nervous system (CNS) is well documented...
January 4, 2018: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302694/effectiveness-of-a-binocular-video-game-vs-placebo-video-game-for-improving-visual-functions-in-older-children-teenagers-and-adults-with-amblyopia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Tina Y Gao, Cindy X Guo, Raiju J Babu, Joanna M Black, William R Bobier, Arijit Chakraborty, Shuan Dai, Robert F Hess, Michelle Jenkins, Yannan Jiang, Lisa S Kearns, Lionel Kowal, Carly S Y Lam, Peter C K Pang, Varsha Parag, Roberto Pieri, Rajkumar Nallour Raveendren, Jayshree South, Sandra Elfride Staffieri, Angela Wadham, Natalie Walker, Benjamin Thompson
Importance: Binocular amblyopia treatment using contrast-rebalanced stimuli showed promise in laboratory studies and requires clinical trial investigation in a home-based setting. Objective: To compare the effectiveness of a binocular video game with a placebo video game for improving visual functions in older children and adults. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Binocular Treatment of Amblyopia Using Videogames clinical trial was a multicenter, double-masked, randomized clinical trial...
January 4, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301956/genome-wide-analysis-of-the-arabidopsis-thaliana-replication-timing-program
#9
Lorenzo Concia, Ashley M Brooks, Emily Wheeler, Greg Zynda, Emily Elizabeth Wear, Chantal LeBlanc, Jawon Song, Tae-Jin Lee, Pete E Pascuzzi, Robert Martienssen, Matthew W Vaughn, William Thompson, Linda Hanley-Bowdoin
Eukaryotes use a temporally regulated process, known as the replication timing program, to ensure that their genomes are fully and accurately duplicated during S phase. Replication timing programs are predictive of genomic features and activity, and considered to be functional readouts of chromatin organization. Although replication timing programs have been described for yeast and animal systems, much less is known about the temporal regulation of plant DNA replication or its relationship to genome sequence and chromatin structure...
January 4, 2018: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298869/intravenous-delivery-of-oncolytic-reovirus-to-brain-tumor-patients-immunologically-primes-for-subsequent-checkpoint-blockade
#10
Adel Samson, Karen J Scott, David Taggart, Emma J West, Erica Wilson, Gerard J Nuovo, Simon Thomson, Robert Corns, Ryan K Mathew, Martin J Fuller, Timothy J Kottke, Jill M Thompson, Elizabeth J Ilett, Julia V Cockle, Philip van Hille, Gnanamurthy Sivakumar, Euan S Polson, Samantha J Turnbull, Elizabeth S Appleton, Gemma Migneco, Ailsa S Rose, Matthew C Coffey, Deborah A Beirne, Fiona J Collinson, Christy Ralph, D Alan Anthoney, Christopher J Twelves, Andrew J Furness, Sergio A Quezada, Heiko Wurdak, Fiona Errington-Mais, Hardev Pandha, Kevin J Harrington, Peter J Selby, Richard G Vile, Stephen D Griffin, Lucy F Stead, Susan C Short, Alan A Melcher
Immune checkpoint inhibitors, including those targeting programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1), are reshaping cancer therapeutic strategies. Evidence suggests, however, that tumor response and patient survival are determined by tumor programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression. We hypothesized that preconditioning of the tumor immune microenvironment using targeted, virus-mediated interferon (IFN) stimulation would up-regulate tumor PD-L1 protein expression and increase cytotoxic T cell infiltration, improving the efficacy of subsequent checkpoint blockade...
January 3, 2018: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288623/meeting-report-fda-public-meeting-on-patient-focused-drug-development-and-medication-adherence-in-solid-organ-transplant-patients
#11
Robert Ettenger, Renata Albrecht, Rita Alloway, Ozlem Belen, Marc W Cavaillé-Coll, Marie A Chisholm-Burns, Mary Amanda Dew, William E Fitzsimmons, Peter Nickerson, Graham Thompson, Pujita Vaidya
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) held a public meeting and scientific workshop in September 2016 to obtain perspectives from solid organ transplant recipients, family caregivers, and other patient representatives. The morning sessions focused on the impact- of organ transplantation on patients' daily lives and the spectrum of activities undertaken to maintain grafts. Participants described the physical, emotional, and social impacts of their transplant on daily life. They also discussed their post-transplant treatment regimens, including the most burdensome side effects and their hopes for future treatment...
December 30, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281752/associations-among-arbuscular-mycorrhizal-fungi-and-seedlings-are-predicted-to-change-with-tree-successional-status
#12
Bachelot Benedicte, María Uriarte, Robert Muscarella, Jimena Forero-Montaña, Jill Thompson, Krista McGuire, Jess Zimmerman, Nathan G Swenson, James S Clark
Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi in the soil may influence tropical tree dynamics and forest succession. The mechanisms are poorly understood, because the functional characteristics and abundances of tree species and AM fungi are likely to be codependent. We used generalized joint attribute modeling to evaluate if AM fungi are associated with three forest community metrics for a sub-tropical montane forest in Puerto Rico. The metrics chosen to reflect changes during forest succession are: the abundance of seedlings of different successional status, the amount of foliar damage on seedlings of different successional status, and community-weighted mean functional trait values (adult specific leaf area (SLA), adult wood density, and seed mass)...
December 27, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281666/circulating-sex-hormones-in-relation-to-anthropometric-sociodemographic-and-behavioural-factors-in-an-international-dataset-of-12-300-men
#13
Eleanor L Watts, Paul N Appleby, Demetrius Albanes, Amanda Black, June M Chan, Chu Chen, Piera M Cirillo, Barbara A Cohn, Michael B Cook, Jenny L Donovan, Luigi Ferrucci, Cedric F Garland, Graham G Giles, Phyllis J Goodman, Laurel A Habel, Christopher A Haiman, Jeff M P Holly, Robert N Hoover, Rudolf Kaaks, Paul Knekt, Laurence N Kolonel, Tatsuhiko Kubo, Loïc Le Marchand, Tapio Luostarinen, Robert J MacInnis, Hanna O Mäenpää, Satu Männistö, E Jeffrey Metter, Roger L Milne, Abraham M Y Nomura, Steven E Oliver, J Kellogg Parsons, Petra H Peeters, Elizabeth A Platz, Elio Riboli, Fulvio Ricceri, Sabina Rinaldi, Harri Rissanen, Norie Sawada, Catherine A Schaefer, Jeannette M Schenk, Frank Z Stanczyk, Meir Stampfer, Pär Stattin, Ulf-Håkan Stenman, Anne Tjønneland, Antonia Trichopoulou, Ian M Thompson, Shoichiro Tsugane, Lars Vatten, Alice S Whittemore, Regina G Ziegler, Naomi E Allen, Timothy J Key, Ruth C Travis
INTRODUCTION: Sex hormones have been implicated in the etiology of a number of diseases. To better understand disease etiology and the mechanisms of disease-risk factor associations, this analysis aimed to investigate the associations of anthropometric, sociodemographic and behavioural factors with a range of circulating sex hormones and sex hormone-binding globulin. METHODS: Statistical analyses of individual participant data from 12,330 male controls aged 25-85 years from 25 studies involved in the Endogenous Hormones Nutritional Biomarkers and Prostate Cancer Collaborative Group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274727/antiplatelet-therapy-with-aspirin-clopidogrel-and-dipyridamole-versus-clopidogrel-alone-or-aspirin-and-dipyridamole-in-patients-with-acute-cerebral-ischaemia-tardis-a-randomised-open-label-phase-3-superiority-trial
#14
Philip M Bath, Lisa J Woodhouse, Jason P Appleton, Maia Beridze, Hanne Christensen, Robert A Dineen, Lelia Duley, Timothy J England, Katie Flaherty, Diane Havard, Stan Heptinstall, Marilyn James, Kailash Krishnan, Hugh S Markus, Alan A Montgomery, Stuart J Pocock, Marc Randall, Annemarei Ranta, Thompson G Robinson, Polly Scutt, Graham S Venables, Nikola Sprigg
BACKGROUND: Intensive antiplatelet therapy with three agents might be more effective than guideline treatment for preventing recurrent events in patients with acute cerebral ischaemia. We aimed to compare the safety and efficacy of intensive antiplatelet therapy (combined aspirin, clopidogrel, and dipyridamole) with that of guideline-based antiplatelet therapy. METHODS: We did an international, prospective, randomised, open-label, blinded-endpoint trial in adult participants with ischaemic stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA) within 48 h of onset...
December 20, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273807/protein-altering-variants-associated-with-body-mass-index-implicate-pathways-that-control-energy-intake-and-expenditure-in-obesity
#15
Valérie Turcot, Yingchang Lu, Heather M Highland, Claudia Schurmann, Anne E Justice, Rebecca S Fine, Jonathan P Bradfield, Tõnu Esko, Ayush Giri, Mariaelisa Graff, Xiuqing Guo, Audrey E Hendricks, Tugce Karaderi, Adelheid Lempradl, Adam E Locke, Anubha Mahajan, Eirini Marouli, Suthesh Sivapalaratnam, Kristin L Young, Tamuno Alfred, Mary F Feitosa, Nicholas G D Masca, Alisa K Manning, Carolina Medina-Gomez, Poorva Mudgal, Maggie C Y Ng, Alex P Reiner, Sailaja Vedantam, Sara M Willems, Thomas W Winkler, Gonçalo Abecasis, Katja K Aben, Dewan S Alam, Sameer E Alharthi, Matthew Allison, Philippe Amouyel, Folkert W Asselbergs, Paul L Auer, Beverley Balkau, Lia E Bang, Inês Barroso, Lisa Bastarache, Marianne Benn, Sven Bergmann, Lawrence F Bielak, Matthias Blüher, Michael Boehnke, Heiner Boeing, Eric Boerwinkle, Carsten A Böger, Jette Bork-Jensen, Michiel L Bots, Erwin P Bottinger, Donald W Bowden, Ivan Brandslund, Gerome Breen, Murray H Brilliant, Linda Broer, Marco Brumat, Amber A Burt, Adam S Butterworth, Peter T Campbell, Stefania Cappellani, David J Carey, Eulalia Catamo, Mark J Caulfield, John C Chambers, Daniel I Chasman, Yii-Der I Chen, Rajiv Chowdhury, Cramer Christensen, Audrey Y Chu, Massimiliano Cocca, Francis S Collins, James P Cook, Janie Corley, Jordi Corominas Galbany, Amanda J Cox, David S Crosslin, Gabriel Cuellar-Partida, Angela D'Eustacchio, John Danesh, Gail Davies, Paul I W Bakker, Mark C H Groot, Renée Mutsert, Ian J Deary, George Dedoussis, Ellen W Demerath, Martin Heijer, Anneke I Hollander, Hester M Ruijter, Joe G Dennis, Josh C Denny, Emanuele Angelantonio, Fotios Drenos, Mengmeng Du, Marie-Pierre Dubé, Alison M Dunning, Douglas F Easton, Todd L Edwards, David Ellinghaus, Patrick T Ellinor, Paul Elliott, Evangelos Evangelou, Aliki-Eleni Farmaki, I Sadaf Farooqi, Jessica D Faul, Sascha Fauser, Shuang Feng, Ele Ferrannini, Jean Ferrieres, Jose C Florez, Ian Ford, Myriam Fornage, Oscar H Franco, Andre Franke, Paul W Franks, Nele Friedrich, Ruth Frikke-Schmidt, Tessel E Galesloot, Wei Gan, Ilaria Gandin, Paolo Gasparini, Jane Gibson, Vilmantas Giedraitis, Anette P Gjesing, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Mathias Gorski, Hans-Jörgen Grabe, Struan F A Grant, Niels Grarup, Helen L Griffiths, Megan L Grove, Vilmundur Gudnason, Stefan Gustafsson, Jeff Haessler, Hakon Hakonarson, Anke R Hammerschlag, Torben Hansen, Kathleen Mullan Harris, Tamara B Harris, Andrew T Hattersley, Christian T Have, Caroline Hayward, Liang He, Nancy L Heard-Costa, Andrew C Heath, Iris M Heid, Øyvind Helgeland, Jussi Hernesniemi, Alex W Hewitt, Oddgeir L Holmen, G Kees Hovingh, Joanna M M Howson, Yao Hu, Paul L Huang, Jennifer E Huffman, M Arfan Ikram, Erik Ingelsson, Anne U Jackson, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Gail P Jarvik, Gorm B Jensen, Yucheng Jia, Stefan Johansson, Marit E Jørgensen, Torben Jørgensen, J Wouter Jukema, Bratati Kahali, René S Kahn, Mika Kähönen, Pia R Kamstrup, Stavroula Kanoni, Jaakko Kaprio, Maria Karaleftheri, Sharon L R Kardia, Fredrik Karpe, Sekar Kathiresan, Frank Kee, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Eric Kim, Hidetoshi Kitajima, Pirjo Komulainen, Jaspal S Kooner, Charles Kooperberg, Tellervo Korhonen, Peter Kovacs, Helena Kuivaniemi, Zoltán Kutalik, Kari Kuulasmaa, Johanna Kuusisto, Markku Laakso, Timo A Lakka, David Lamparter, Ethan M Lange, Leslie A Lange, Claudia Langenberg, Eric B Larson, Nanette R Lee, Terho Lehtimäki, Cora E Lewis, Huaixing Li, Jin Li, Ruifang Li-Gao, Honghuang Lin, Keng-Hung Lin, Li-An Lin, Xu Lin, Lars Lind, Jaana Lindström, Allan Linneberg, Ching-Ti Liu, Dajiang J Liu, Yongmei Liu, Ken S Lo, Artitaya Lophatananon, Andrew J Lotery, Anu Loukola, Jian'an Luan, Steven A Lubitz, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Satu Männistö, Gaëlle Marenne, Angela L Mazul, Mark I McCarthy, Roberta McKean-Cowdin, Sarah E Medland, Karina Meidtner, Lili Milani, Vanisha Mistry, Paul Mitchell, Karen L Mohlke, Leena Moilanen, Marie Moitry, Grant W Montgomery, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Carmel Moore, Trevor A Mori, Andrew D Morris, Andrew P Morris, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Patricia B Munroe, Mike A Nalls, Narisu Narisu, Christopher P Nelson, Matt Neville, Sune F Nielsen, Kjell Nikus, Pål R Njølstad, Børge G Nordestgaard, Dale R Nyholt, Jeffrey R O'Connel, Michelle L O'Donoghue, Loes M Olde Loohuis, Roel A Ophoff, Katharine R Owen, Chris J Packard, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Colin N A Palmer, Nicholette D Palmer, Gerard Pasterkamp, Aniruddh P Patel, Alison Pattie, Oluf Pedersen, Peggy L Peissig, Gina M Peloso, Craig E Pennell, Markus Perola, James A Perry, John R B Perry, Tune H Pers, Thomas N Person, Annette Peters, Eva R B Petersen, Patricia A Peyser, Ailith Pirie, Ozren Polasek, Tinca J Polderman, Hannu Puolijoki, Olli T Raitakari, Asif Rasheed, Rainer Rauramaa, Dermot F Reilly, Frida Renström, Myriam Rheinberger, Paul M Ridker, John D Rioux, Manuel A Rivas, David J Roberts, Neil R Robertson, Antonietta Robino, Olov Rolandsson, Igor Rudan, Katherine S Ruth, Danish Saleheen, Veikko Salomaa, Nilesh J Samani, Yadav Sapkota, Naveed Sattar, Robert E Schoen, Pamela J Schreiner, Matthias B Schulze, Robert A Scott, Marcelo P Segura-Lepe, Svati H Shah, Wayne H-H Sheu, Xueling Sim, Andrew J Slater, Kerrin S Small, Albert V Smith, Lorraine Southam, Timothy D Spector, Elizabeth K Speliotes, John M Starr, Kari Stefansson, Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir, Kathleen E Stirrups, Konstantin Strauch, Heather M Stringham, Michael Stumvoll, Liang Sun, Praveen Surendran, Amy J Swift, Hayato Tada, Katherine E Tansey, Jean-Claude Tardif, Kent D Taylor, Alexander Teumer, Deborah J Thompson, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Betina H Thuesen, Anke Tönjes, Gerard Tromp, Stella Trompet, Emmanouil Tsafantakis, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Anne Tybjaerg-Hansen, Jonathan P Tyrer, Rudolf Uher, André G Uitterlinden, Matti Uusitupa, Sander W Laan, Cornelia M Duijn, Nienke Leeuwen, Jessica van Setten, Mauno Vanhala, Anette Varbo, Tibor V Varga, Rohit Varma, Digna R Velez Edwards, Sita H Vermeulen, Giovanni Veronesi, Henrik Vestergaard, Veronique Vitart, Thomas F Vogt, Uwe Völker, Dragana Vuckovic, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Mark Walker, Lars Wallentin, Feijie Wang, Carol A Wang, Shuai Wang, Yiqin Wang, Erin B Ware, Nicholas J Wareham, Helen R Warren, Dawn M Waterworth, Jennifer Wessel, Harvey D White, Cristen J Willer, James G Wilson, Daniel R Witte, Andrew R Wood, Ying Wu, Hanieh Yaghootkar, Jie Yao, Pang Yao, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, Robin Young, Eleftheria Zeggini, Xiaowei Zhan, Weihua Zhang, Jing Hua Zhao, Wei Zhao, Wei Zhou, Krina T Zondervan, Jerome I Rotter, John A Pospisilik, Fernando Rivadeneira, Ingrid B Borecki, Panos Deloukas, Timothy M Frayling, Guillaume Lettre, Kari E North, Cecilia M Lindgren, Joel N Hirschhorn, Ruth J F Loos
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified >250 loci for body mass index (BMI), implicating pathways related to neuronal biology. Most GWAS loci represent clusters of common, noncoding variants from which pinpointing causal genes remains challenging. Here we combined data from 718,734 individuals to discover rare and low-frequency (minor allele frequency (MAF) < 5%) coding variants associated with BMI. We identified 14 coding variants in 13 genes, of which 8 variants were in genes (ZBTB7B, ACHE, RAPGEF3, RAB21, ZFHX3, ENTPD6, ZFR2 and ZNF169) newly implicated in human obesity, 2 variants were in genes (MC4R and KSR2) previously observed to be mutated in extreme obesity and 2 variants were in GIPR...
January 2018: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273806/multiancestry-association-study-identifies-new-asthma-risk-loci-that-colocalize-with-immune-cell-enhancer-marks
#16
Florence Demenais, Patricia Margaritte-Jeannin, Kathleen C Barnes, William O C Cookson, Janine Altmüller, Wei Ang, R Graham Barr, Terri H Beaty, Allan B Becker, John Beilby, Hans Bisgaard, Unnur Steina Bjornsdottir, Eugene Bleecker, Klaus Bønnelykke, Dorret I Boomsma, Emmanuelle Bouzigon, Christopher E Brightling, Myriam Brossard, Guy G Brusselle, Esteban Burchard, Kristin M Burkart, Andrew Bush, Moira Chan-Yeung, Kian Fan Chung, Alexessander Couto Alves, John A Curtin, Adnan Custovic, Denise Daley, Johan C de Jongste, Blanca E Del-Rio-Navarro, Kathleen M Donohue, Liesbeth Duijts, Celeste Eng, Johan G Eriksson, Martin Farrall, Yuliya Fedorova, Bjarke Feenstra, Manuel A Ferreira, Maxim B Freidin, Zofia Gajdos, Jim Gauderman, Ulrike Gehring, Frank Geller, Jon Genuneit, Sina A Gharib, Frank Gilliland, Raquel Granell, Penelope E Graves, Daniel F Gudbjartsson, Tari Haahtela, Susan R Heckbert, Dick Heederik, Joachim Heinrich, Markku Heliövaara, John Henderson, Blanca E Himes, Hiroshi Hirose, Joel N Hirschhorn, Albert Hofman, Patrick Holt, Jouke Hottenga, Thomas J Hudson, Jennie Hui, Medea Imboden, Vladimir Ivanov, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Alan James, Christer Janson, Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin, Deborah Jarvis, Graham Jones, Ingileif Jonsdottir, Pekka Jousilahti, Michael Kabesch, Mika Kähönen, David B Kantor, Alexandra S Karunas, Elza Khusnutdinova, Gerard H Koppelman, Anita L Kozyrskyj, Eskil Kreiner, Michiaki Kubo, Rajesh Kumar, Ashish Kumar, Mikko Kuokkanen, Lies Lahousse, Tarja Laitinen, Catherine Laprise, Mark Lathrop, Susanne Lau, Young-Ae Lee, Terho Lehtimäki, Sébastien Letort, Albert M Levin, Guo Li, Liming Liang, Laura R Loehr, Stephanie J London, Daan W Loth, Ani Manichaikul, Ingo Marenholz, Fernando J Martinez, Melanie C Matheson, Rasika A Mathias, Kenji Matsumoto, Hamdi Mbarek, Wendy L McArdle, Mads Melbye, Erik Melén, Deborah Meyers, Sven Michel, Hamida Mohamdi, Arthur W Musk, Rachel A Myers, Maartje A E Nieuwenhuis, Emiko Noguchi, George T O'Connor, Ludmila M Ogorodova, Cameron D Palmer, Aarno Palotie, Julie E Park, Craig E Pennell, Göran Pershagen, Alexey Polonikov, Dirkje S Postma, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Valery P Puzyrev, Benjamin A Raby, Olli T Raitakari, Adaikalavan Ramasamy, Stephen S Rich, Colin F Robertson, Isabelle Romieu, Muhammad T Salam, Veikko Salomaa, Vivi Schlünssen, Robert Scott, Polina A Selivanova, Torben Sigsgaard, Angela Simpson, Valérie Siroux, Lewis J Smith, Maria Solodilova, Marie Standl, Kari Stefansson, David P Strachan, Bruno H Stricker, Atsushi Takahashi, Philip J Thompson, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Carla M T Tiesler, Dara G Torgerson, Tatsuhiko Tsunoda, André G Uitterlinden, Ralf J P van der Valk, Amaury Vaysse, Sailaja Vedantam, Andrea von Berg, Erika von Mutius, Judith M Vonk, Johannes Waage, Nick J Wareham, Scott T Weiss, Wendy B White, Magnus Wickman, Elisabeth Widén, Gonneke Willemsen, L Keoki Williams, Inge M Wouters, James J Yang, Jing Hua Zhao, Miriam F Moffatt, Carole Ober, Dan L Nicolae
We examined common variation in asthma risk by conducting a meta-analysis of worldwide asthma genome-wide association studies (23,948 asthma cases, 118,538 controls) of individuals from ethnically diverse populations. We identified five new asthma loci, found two new associations at two known asthma loci, established asthma associations at two loci previously implicated in the comorbidity of asthma plus hay fever, and confirmed nine known loci. Investigation of pleiotropy showed large overlaps in genetic variants with autoimmune and inflammatory diseases...
January 2018: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261570/quality-of-life-patient-reported-outcomes-for-locally-advanced-cutaneous-melanoma
#17
Evan S Weitman, Matthew Perez, John F Thompson, Robert H I Andtbacka, Jo Dalton, Mona L Martin, Talia Miller, Chad Gwaltney, David Sarson, Eric Wachter, Jonathan S Zager
Locally advanced cutaneous melanoma has marked quality-of-life implications; however, the patient experience of symptom management and subsequent impact on quality of life has not been well described. This study aims to address the impact on patients of advanced cutaneous melanoma through qualitative interviews. Adults with stage IIIB, IIIC, or IV (M1a) cutaneous melanoma were recruited from two cancer centers in the USA and one in Australia. Telephone interviews were conducted to assess how locoregionally advanced cutaneous melanoma impacted everyday life...
December 19, 2017: Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233374/curriculum-renewal-alignment-of-introductory-pharmacy-practice-experiences-with-didactic-course-content
#18
Wesley Nuffer, Sheila Botts, Kari Franson, Eric Gilliam, Randy Knutsen, Monika Nuffer, Elizabeth O'Brien, Joseph Saseen, Megan Thompson, Joseph Vande Griend, Robert Willis
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences (SSPPS) used the opportunity of curriculum renewal to integrate knowledge and skills learned from didactic courses into the introductory pharmacy practice experiences (IPPEs) occurring simultaneously. This paper describes and evaluates the meaningful application of course content into IPPEs, and evaluates the success using qualitative feedback. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Students entering the renewed curriculum starting in fall 2012 were provided a list of pharmacy skills and activities from didactic course directors that reinforced course content for that semester...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226478/improved-protein-splicing-using-embedded-split-inteins
#19
Josef A Gramespacher, Adam J Stevens, Robert E Thompson, Tom W Muir
Naturally split inteins mediate a traceless protein ligation process known as protein trans-splicing (PTS). Although frequently used in protein engineering applications, the efficiency of PTS can be reduced by the tendency of some split intein fusion constructs to aggregate; a consequence of the fragmented nature of the split intein itself or the polypeptide to which it is fused (the extein). Here, we report a strategy to help address this liability. This involves embedding the split intein within a protein sequence designed to stabilize either the intein fragment itself or the appended extein...
December 11, 2017: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223522/custom-made-titanium-3d-printed-interbody-cages-for-treatment-of-osteoporotic-fracture-related-spinal-deformity
#20
Timothy Siu, Jeffrey M Rogers, Kainu Lin, Robert Thompson, Mark Owbridge
BACKGROUND: Advances in minimally invasive interbody fusion have greatly enhanced surgeons' capability to correct adult spinal deformity with reduced morbidity. However, the feasibility of such approaches is limited in patients with previous osteoporotic fractures as the resultant vertebral deformity renders the endplate geometry incongruous with conventional interbody implants. Current 3D printing technology offers a novel solution by fabricating custom-made implants tailored to individual anatomy...
December 6, 2017: World Neurosurgery
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