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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292314/association-between-blood-lead-and-blood-pressure-a-population-based-study-in-brazilian-adults
#1
Ana Carolina Bertin de Almeida Lopes, Ellen Kovner Silbergeld, Ana Navas-Acien, Rachel Zamoiski, Airton da Cunha Martins, Alissana Ester Iakmiu Camargo, Mariana Ragassi Urbano, Arthur Eumann Mesas, Monica Maria Bastos Paoliello
BACKGROUND: Environmental lead exposure among adults may increase blood pressure and elevate the risk of hypertension. The availability of data on blood lead levels (BLL) in adult Brazilian population is scarce and population-based studies are important for screening the population exposure and also to evaluate associations with adverse health effects. The goal of this study was to examine the association of BLL with blood pressure and hypertension in a population-based study in a city in Southern Brazil...
March 14, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272399/maternal-and-paternal-occupational-exposures-and-hepatoblastoma-results-from-the-hope-study-through-the-children-s-oncology-group
#2
Amanda E Janitz, Gurumurthy Ramachandran, Gail E Tomlinson, Mark Krailo, Michaela Richardson, Logan Spector
Little is known about the etiology of hepatoblastoma. We aimed to confirm the results of a previous study evaluating the association between parental occupational exposures and hepatoblastoma. In our case-control study, we identified cases (n=383) from the Children's Oncology Group and controls from birth certificates (n=387), which were frequency matched to cases on year and region of birth, sex, and birth weight. Occupational exposure in the year before and during the index pregnancy was collected through maternal interview and analyzed using unconditional logistic regression...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257398/predictors-and-spatial-variation-of-radon-testing-in-illinois-2005-2012
#3
Whitney E Zahnd, Georgia S Mueller-Luckey, Kendra Ratnapradipa, Tracey Smith
CONTEXT: Radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer, but exposure can be reduced through testing one's home and mitigating if levels are high. OBJECTIVE: To determine what factors predict radon testing and to identify, through spatial analysis, areas in Illinois with lower or higher than expected testing rates. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND MAIN OUTCOMES: An ecological study design was used to evaluate data on radon tests performed in Illinois by a licensed professional or a home radon test kit analyzed by a state-approved laboratory between 2005 and 2012...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249640/maternal-use-of-dietary-supplements-during-pregnancy-is-not-associated-with-coeliac-disease-in-the-offspring-the-environmental-determinants-of-diabetes-in-the-young-teddy-study
#4
Jimin Yang, Roy N Tamura, Carin A Aronsson, Ulla M Uusitalo, Åke Lernmark, Marian Rewers, William A Hagopian, Jin-Xiong She, Jorma Toppari, Anette G Ziegler, Beena Akolkar, Jeffrey P Krischer, Jill M Norris, Suvi M Virtanen, Daniel Agardh
Perinatal exposure to nutrients and dietary components may affect the risk for coeliac disease (CD). We investigated the association between maternal use of vitamin D, n-3 fatty acids (FA) and Fe supplements during pregnancy and risk for CD autoimmunity (CDA) and CD in the offspring. Children at increased genetic risk were prospectively followed from birth in The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study. CDA was defined as having persistently positive tissue transglutaminase autoantibodies (tTGA)...
March 2, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249227/effects-of-food-borne-exposure-of-juvenile-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-to-emerging-brominated-flame-retardants-1-2-bis-2-4-6-tribromophenoxy-ethane-and-2-ethylhexyl-2-3-4-5-tetrabromobenzoate
#5
Maeva Giraudo, Mélanie Douville, Robert J Letcher, Magali Houde
Brominated flame retardants (BFRs) represent a large group of chemicals used in a variety of household and commercial products to prevent fire propagation. The environmental persistence and toxicity of some of the most widely used BFRs has resulted in a progressive ban worldwide and the development of novel BFRs for which the knowledge on environmental health impacts remains limited. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effects of two emerging BFRs, 1,2-bis(2,4,6-tribromophenoxy)ethane (BTBPE) and 2-ethylhexyl-2,3,4,5-tetrabromobenzoate (EH-TBB), in diet exposed juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)...
February 22, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247892/arsenic-in-residential-soil-and-household-dust-in-cornwall-south-west-england-potential-human-exposure-and-the-influence-of-historical-mining
#6
Daniel R S Middleton, Michael J Watts, Darren J Beriro, Elliott M Hamilton, Giovanni S Leonardi, Tony Fletcher, Rebecca M Close, David A Polya
Exposure to arsenic (As) via residential soil and dust is a global concern, in regions affected by mining or with elevated concentrations present in underlying geology. Cornwall in south west England is one such area. Residential soil (n = 127) and household dust (n = 99) samples were collected from across Cornwall as part of a wider study assessing exposure to environmental As. Samples were analysed for total As (soil and dust samples) and human ingestion bioaccessible As (soil samples from properties with home-grown produce)...
March 1, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230752/impact-of-particulate-matter-exposure-and-surrounding-greenness-on-chronic-absenteeism-in-massachusetts-public-schools
#7
Piers MacNaughton, Erika Eitland, Itai Kloog, Joel Schwartz, Joseph Allen
Chronic absenteeism is associated with poorer academic performance and higher attrition in kindergarten to 12th grade (K-12) schools. In prior research, students who were chronically absent generally had fewer employment opportunities and worse health after graduation. We examined the impact that environmental factors surrounding schools have on chronic absenteeism. We estimated the greenness (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI)) and fine particulate matter air pollution (PM2.5) within 250 m and 1000 m respectively of each public school in Massachusetts during the 2012-2013 academic year using satellite-based data...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212639/erectile-dysfunction-and-exposure-to-ambient-air-pollution-in-a-nationally-representative-cohort-of-older-men
#8
Lindsay A Tallon, Justin Manjourides, Vivian C Pun, Murray A Mittleman, Marianthi-Anna Kioumourtzoglou, Brent Coull, Helen Suh
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between air pollution and erectile dysfunction (ED), a disorder occurring in 64% of men over the age of 70, and to date, no studies have been published. To address this significant knowledge gap, we explored the relationship between ED and air pollution in a group of older men who were part of the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (NSHAP), a nationally representative cohort study of older Americans. METHODS: We obtained incident ED status and participant data for 412 men (age 57-85)...
February 17, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209408/household-air-pollution-from-various-types-of-rural-kitchens-and-its-exposure-assessment
#9
Maninder Kaur Sidhu, Khaiwal Ravindra, Suman Mor, Siby John
Exposure to household air pollutants has become a leading environmental health risk in developing countries. Considering this, real-time temporal variation in fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and carbon monoxide (CO) concentrations were measured in various types of rural household kitchens. Observed average concentrations of PM2.5, CO, percent relative humidity (%RH) and temperature (T) in five different kitchen types were 549.6μg/m(3), 4.2ppm, 70.2% and 20°C respectively. Highest CO and PM2.5 concentration were found in household performing cooking in indoor kitchens (CO: 9...
May 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205155/endocrine-disruptors-and-obesity
#10
REVIEW
Philippa D Darbre
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review was to summarise current evidence that some environmental chemicals may be able to interfere in the endocrine regulation of energy metabolism and adipose tissue structure. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent findings demonstrate that such endocrine-disrupting chemicals, termed "obesogens", can promote adipogenesis and cause weight gain. This includes compounds to which the human population is exposed in daily life through their use in pesticides/herbicides, industrial and household products, plastics, detergents, flame retardants and as ingredients in personal care products...
March 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190838/determination-of-aluminum-in-edible-jellyfish-using-chrome-azurol-s-with-spot-test-on-filter-paper
#11
Dai Cheng, Xinyu Zhang, Xiang Li, Lihua Hou, Chunling Wang
Aluminum (Al) has been well known as an environmental factor that may affect several enzymes and other biomolecules related to Alzheimer's disease. The increasing use of Al in the preparation and storage of food currently represents the main form of Al exposure for the general public. The present study was aimed to develop a household procedure for the rapid test determination of Al in edible jellyfish. The method was developed based on the reaction of Chrome Azurol S with Al in acidic medium, forming a colored compound on the surface of filter paper...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174221/do-biomass-fuel-use-and-consumption-of-unsafe-water-mediate-educational-inequalities-in-stillbirth-risk-an-analysis-of-the-2007-ghana-maternal-health-survey
#12
A Kofi Amegah, Simo Näyhä, Jouni J K Jaakkola
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have explored the association between educational inequalities and stillbirth but most have failed to elaborate how low educational attainment leads to an increased risk of stillbirth. We hypothesised that use of biomass fuels and consumption of unsafe water related to low educational attainment could explain the stillbirth burden in Ghana attributable to socioeconomic disadvantage. METHODS: Data from the 2007 Ghana Maternal Health Survey, a nationally representative population-based survey were analysed for this study...
February 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173608/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-scrub-typhus-in-south-india
#13
Paul Trowbridge, Divya P, Prasanna S Premkumar, George M Varghese
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and risk factors of scrub typhus in Tamil Nadu, South India. METHODS: We performed a clustered seroprevalence study of the areas around Vellore. All participants completed a risk factor survey, with seropositive and seronegative participants acting as cases and controls, respectively, in a risk factor analysis. After univariate analysis, variables found to be significant underwent multivariate analysis. RESULTS: Of 721 people participating in this study, 31...
February 7, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157640/radioactivity-levels-in-the-mostly-local-foodstuff-consumed-by-residents-of-the-high-level-natural-radiation-areas-of-ramsar-iran
#14
Nasrin Fathabadi, Ali Akbar Salehi, Kazem Naddafi, Mohammad Reza Kardan, Masud Yunesian, Ramin Nabizadeh Nodehi, Mohammad Reza Deevband, Molood Gooniband Shooshtari, Saeedeh Sadat Hosseini, Mahtab Karimi
Among High Level Natural Radiation Areas (HLNRAs) all over the world, the northern coastal city of Ramsar has been considered enormously important. Many studies have measured environmental radioactivity in Ramsar, however, no survey has been undertaken to measure concentrations in the diets of residents. This study determined the (226)Ra activity concentration in the daily diet of people of Ramsar. The samples were chosen from both normal and high level natural radiation areas and based on the daily consumption patterns of residents...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135695/home-produced-eggs-an-important-pathway-of-human-exposure-to-perfluorobutanoic-acid-pfba-and-perfluorooctanoic-acid-pfoa-around-a-fluorochemical-industrial-park-in-china
#15
Hongqiao Su, Yajuan Shi, Yonglong Lu, Pei Wang, Meng Zhang, Andrew Sweetman, Kevin Jones, Andrew Johnson
Dietary intake is considered to be a major pathway of human exposure to perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs). Chicken egg is an important contributor to the Chinese diet. In the present study, PFAAs in home produced eggs (HPEs) and commercially produced eggs (CPEs) surrounding a fluorochemical industrial park (FIP) in China were investigated. PFAAs in HPEs decreased with increasing distance from the FIP. HPEs were much more contaminated than CPEs, with PFAAs in CPEs comparable to or lower than those in HPEs from 20km away from the FIP...
April 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128023/hypothesis-driven-weight-of-evidence-analysis-of-endocrine-disruption-potential-a-case-study-with-triclosan
#16
Ellen Mihaich, Marie Capdevielle, Daniella Urbach-Ross, Brian Slezak
Triclosan is an antimicrobial agent used in a range of consumer products, such as deodorants, oral care, clothing, and household items. As with many consumer products, triclosan can be rinsed down the drain and transported to wastewater treatment plants. While most is eliminated during activated sludge sewage treatment by biodegradation and adsorption, some triclosan enters the aquatic environment and may expose wildlife. Given the potential for exposure to both humans and wildlife, resolving whether triclosan is endocrine active is important due to growing concerns about potential adverse public health and environmental effects of endocrine-disrupting substances...
January 27, 2017: Critical Reviews in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126484/prevalence-of-hiv-infection-among-people-with-disabilities-a-population-based-observational-study-in-yaound%C3%A3-cameroon-handivih
#17
Pierre De Beaudrap, Gervais Beninguisse, Estelle Pasquier, Alice Tchoumkeu, Adonis Touko, Frida Essomba, Aude Brus, Toyin Janet Aderemi, Jill Hanass-Hancock, Arne Henning Eide, Muriel Mac-Seing, Daniel Mont
BACKGROUND: In resource-limited settings, people with disabilities have been left behind in the response to HIV. In the HandiVIH study, we estimate and compare HIV prevalence and associated risk factors between people with and without disabilities. METHODS: In this cross-sectional, population-based, observational study, we used two-phase random sampling to recruit adults with disabilities and a control group matched for age, sex, and residential location from households of the general population...
January 23, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125059/racial-differences-in-perceptions-of-air-pollution-health-risk-does-environmental-exposure-matter
#18
Jayajit Chakraborty, Timothy W Collins, Sara E Grineski, Alejandra Maldonado
This article extends environmental risk perception research by exploring how potential health risk from exposure to industrial and vehicular air pollutants, as well as other contextual and socio-demographic factors, influence racial/ethnic differences in air pollution health risk perception. Our study site is the Greater Houston metropolitan area, Texas, USA-a racially/ethnically diverse area facing high levels of exposure to pollutants from both industrial and transportation sources. We integrate primary household-level survey data with estimates of excess cancer risk from ambient exposure to industrial and on-road mobile source emissions of air toxics obtained from the U...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115149/pesticide-exposures-and-respiratory-health-in-general-populations
#19
REVIEW
Ming Ye, Jeremy Beach, Jonathan W Martin, Ambikaipakan Senthilselvan
Human exposures to pesticides can occur in the workplace, in the household and through the ambient environment. While several articles have reviewed the impact of pesticide exposures on human respiratory health in occupational settings, to the best of our knowledge, this article is the first one to review published studies on the association between pesticide exposures and human respiratory health in the general populations. In this article, we critically reviewed evidences up to date studying the associations between non-occupational pesticide exposures and respiratory health in general populations...
January 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110016/spatial-characteristics-of-urinary-btex-concentrations-in-the-general-population
#20
Xanthi Tsangari, Xanthi D Andrianou, Agapios Agapiou, Pawel Mochalski, Konstantinos C Makris
Benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, o-, m-, and p-xylenes (BTEX) are ubiquitous outdoor and indoor air pollutants associated with both environmental and health effects. The objective of this exploratory study was to determine the magnitude and variability of urinary BTEX levels among residents of two areas located in the same city (Nicosia, Cyprus). The two areas differed with respect to their proximity to an industrial cluster and an intercity-highway. First morning urine voids were collected during a random campaign from selected households in the two urban areas (n = 48)...
January 8, 2017: Chemosphere
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