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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526002/affective-concordance-in-couples-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-depression-and-anxiety-consultations-within-a-population-of-13-507-couples-in-primary-care
#1
J Walker, J Liddle, K P Jordan, P Campbell
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are common and have a significant impact on the individual and wider society. One theory proposed to explain a heightened risk for depression and anxiety is affective concordance in couples (e.g. influence of shared mood states, shared health beliefs). Whilst research has shown concordance for severe psychiatric illnesses and general mood in couples, little attention has been given to concordance for common psychiatric conditions such as depression and anxiety...
May 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503304/clinico-pathologic-presentation-of-hypersensitivity-pneumonitis-in-egyptian-patients-a-multidisciplinary-study
#2
Dalia Abd El-Kareem, Yosri M Akl, Gina A Nakhla, Ali A Elhindawi, Mahmoud A Eltorky
BACKGROUND: Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) is a common diffuse parenchymal lung disease in Egypt which can be difficult to recognize due to the dynamic symptoms & associated environmental factors. METHODS: Forty-three Egyptian patients were enrolled in this study, presenting with dyspnea and cough, predominant ground-glass opacity (GGO) in high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) where lung biopsy was needed to establish the diagnosis. RESULTS: The age range was 15 to 60 years...
2017: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482294/association-between-fish-consumption-dietary-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-persistent-organic-pollutants-intake-and-type-2-diabetes-in-18-first-nations-in-ontario-canada
#3
Lesya Marushka, Malek Batal, William David, Harold Schwartz, Amy Ing, Karen Fediuk, Donald Sharp, Andrew Black, Constantine Tikhonov, Hing Man Chan
BACKGROUND: First Nations (FNs) populations in Canada experience a disproportionally higher rate of obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared to the general population. Recent data suggest that a high consumption of fish may help prevent T2D. On the other hand, fish might also be a potential source of environmental contaminants which could potentially be a risk factor for T2D. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential associations between self-reported T2D and consumption of locally-harvested fish, dietary long-chain omega-3 fatty acids (n-3FAs) and persistent organic pollutants intake among adult FNs living on reserve in Ontario...
May 5, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478814/fragrance-compounds-the-wolves-in-sheep-s-clothings
#4
Seema Patel
In the past few decades, synthetic fragrance compounds have become ubiquitous components of personal care and household cleaning products. Overwhelming consumerism trends have led to the excess usage of these chemicals. It has been observed that this fragrance-laden unhealthy lifestyle runs parallel with the unprecedented rates of diabetes, cancer, neural ailments, teratogenicity, and transgender instances. The link between fragrances as and the multiplicity of pathogens remained latent for decades. However, now this health hazard and its role in homeostasis breakdown is getting attention...
May 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453973/determinants-of-children-s-exposure-to-pyrethroid-insecticides-in-western-france
#5
Philippe Glorennec, Tania Serrano, Morgane Fravallo, Charline Warembourg, Christine Monfort, Sylvaine Cordier, Jean-François Viel, Florent Le Gléau, Barbara Le Bot, Cécile Chevrier
Pyrethroids are insecticides frequently used in agriculture and in the home; exposure occurs through dietary and non-dietary pathways, including indoor and outdoor environmental contamination. Our objective was to study the potential determinants of pyrethroid metabolite concentrations measured in children's urine samples and in the dust of their homes. Specifically, we measured urinary metabolites from morning spot samples of 245 six-year-old children living in Brittany (France) in 2009-2012 and from dust vacuumed from the floor of their homes...
April 25, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448823/accumulative-effects-of-indoor-air-pollution-exposure-on-leukocyte-telomere-length-among-non-smokers
#6
Nan Lin, Xinlin Mu, Guilian Wang, Yu'ang Ren, Shu Su, Zhiwen Li, Bin Wang, Shu Tao
Indoor air pollution is an important environmental factor that contributes to the burden of various diseases. Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution is associated with telomere shortening. However, the association between chronic indoor air pollution from household fuel combustion and leukocyte telomere length has not been studied. In our study, 137 cancer-free non-smokers were recruited. Their exposure levels to indoor air pollution from 1985 to 2014 were assessed using a face-to-face interview questionnaire, and leukocyte telomere length (LTL) was measured using a monochrome multiplex quantitative PCR method...
April 24, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442938/environmental-arsenic-exposure-and-risk-of-diabetes-type-2-in-ron-phibun-subdistrict-nakhon-si-thammarat-province-thailand-unmatched-and-matched-case-control-studies
#7
Kwanyuen Sripaoraya, Wattasit Siriwong, Sumol Pavittranon, Robert S Chapman
BACKGROUND: There are inconsistent findings on associations between low-to-moderate level of arsenic in water and diabetes risk from previous epidemiological reports. In Ron Phibun subdistrict, Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, Thailand, a low level of arsenic exposure among population was observed and increased diabetes mellitus (DM) rate was identified. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the association between determinants (including low-level water arsenic exposure) of DM type 2 risk among residents of three villages of Ron Phibun subdistrict, Nakhon Si Thammarat Province...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441989/ara-h2-levels-in-dust-from-homes-of-individuals-with-peanut-allergy-and-individuals-with-peanut-tolerance
#8
Jodi Shroba, Charles Barnes, Maya Nanda, Chitra Dinakar, Christina Ciaccio
BACKGROUND: Approximately 1% of the U.S. population has a peanut allergy. Previous studies that measured peanut protein in house dust support the hypothesis that household peanut consumption may lead to clinical sensitization through transdermal exposure. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this pilot study was to characterize Ara h2 levels in house dust from homes with and without individuals with peanut allergy. METHODS: Household dust was obtained from homes with an individual with peanut allergy and from homes with no individual with peanut allergy...
May 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437652/review-of-take-home-pesticide-exposure-pathway-in-children-living-in-agricultural-areas
#9
REVIEW
Carly Hyland, Ouahiba Laribi
BACKGROUND: Children of farmworkers may be chronically exposed to pesticides via the take-home exposure pathway. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this review was to analyze scientific literature evaluating the role of the take-home pesticide exposure pathway in children of agricultural workers. METHODS: A systematic review was undertaken and inclusion criteria were applied to identify original articles of interest. Of the 30 articles included in this review, some belonged to the same studies, resulting in a total of 23 studies...
April 21, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420188/health-risk-assessment-of-indoor-air-quality-socioeconomic-and-house-characteristics-on-respiratory-health-among-women-and-children-of-tirupur-south-india
#10
Krassi Rumchev, Yun Zhao, Jeffery Spickett
Background: Indoor air pollution is still considered as one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide and especially in developing countries, including India. This study aims to assess social, housing, and indoor environmental factors associated with respiratory health among mothers and children. Methods: The study was conducted in the city of Tirupur, South India. We quantitatively assessed the indoor exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and carbon monoxide in relation to respiratory health among women and children...
April 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400957/sociodemographic-behavioral-and-environmental-factors-of-child-mortality-in-eastern-region-of-cameroon-results-from-a-social-autopsy-study
#11
Alain K Koffi, Romain S Wounang, Félicitée Nguefack, Seidou Moluh, Paul-Roger Libite, Henry D Kalter
BACKGROUND: While most child deaths are caused by highly preventable and treatable diseases such as pneumonia, diarrhea, and malaria, several sociodemographic, cultural and health system factors work against children surviving from these diseases. METHODS: A retrospective verbal/social autopsy survey was conducted in 2012 to measure the biological causes and social determinants of under-five years old deaths from 2007 to 2010 in Doume, Nguelemendouka, and Abong-Mbang health districts in the Eastern Region of Cameroon...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388519/occurrence-sources-and-human-exposure-assessment-of-sccps-in-indoor-dust-of-northeast-china
#12
Li-Hua Liu, Wan-Li Ma, Li-Yan Liu, Chun-Yan Huo, Wen-Long Li, Chong-Jing Gao, Hai-Ling Li, Yi-Fan Li, Hing Man Chan
Short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) are widely used chemicals in household products and might cause adverse human health effects. However, limited information is available on the occurrence of SCCPs in indoor environments and their exposure risks on humans. In this study the concentrations, profiles and human exposure of SCCPs in indoor dust from five different indoor environments, including commercial stores, residential apartments, dormitories, offices and laboratories were characterized. The SCCPs levels ranged from 10...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376976/environmental-tobacco-smoke-relationship-to-early-pregnancy-discomforts
#13
Hui-Jung Hung, Chiu-Ying Chen, Shu-Li Wang, Trong-Neng Wu, Chiu-Hsiang Lee, Shi-Yann Cheng
OBJECTIVES: We assessed environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and examined its association with pregnancy discomforts. METHODS: We used structured questionnaires to interview a convenience sample of 139 pregnant women (8-20 weeks of gestation) recruited from 2 hospitals in central Taiwan. RESULTS: We found that 84% of the participants experienced ETS exposure in their households, workplaces, and/or public areas. Bivariate analyses showed the severity of pregnancy discomforts in the participants exposed to a high level of ETS was higher than that in those exposed to a low level of ETS...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358338/heat-wave-vulnerability-mapping-for-india
#14
Gulrez Azhar, Shubhayu Saha, Partha Ganguly, Dileep Mavalankar, Jaime Madrigano
Assessing geographic variability in heat wave vulnerability forms the basis for planning appropriate targeted adaptation strategies. Given several recent deadly heatwaves in India, heat is increasingly being recognized as a public health problem. However, to date there has not been a country-wide assessment of heat vulnerability in India. We evaluated demographic, socioeconomic, and environmental vulnerability factors and combined district level data from several sources including the most recent census, health reports, and satellite remote sensing data...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350867/dissociation-between-skin-test-reactivity-and-anti-aeroallergen-ige-determinants-among-urban-brazilian-children
#15
Neuza M Alcantara-Neves, Rafael V Veiga, João C M Ponte, Sérgio S da Cunha, Silvia M Simões, Álvaro A Cruz, Maria Yazdanbakhsh, Sheila M Matos, Thiago Magalhães Silva, Camila A Figueiredo, Lain C Pontes-de-Carvalho, Laura C Rodrigues, Rosemeire L Fiaccone, Philip J Cooper, Maurício L Barreto
BACKGROUND: The dissociation between specific IgE and skin prick test reactivity to aeroallergens, a common finding in populations living in low and middle-income countries, has important implications for the diagnosis and treatment of allergic diseases. Few studies have investigated the determinants of this dissociation. In the present study, we explored potential factors explaining this dissociation in children living in an urban area of Northeast Brazil, focusing in particular on factors associated with poor hygiene...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346028/prevalence-and-associated-factors-for-self-reported-asthma-in-a-canadian-population-the-canadian-community-health-survey-2014
#16
Luan M Chu, Punam Pahwa
BACKGROUND: Asthma prevalence is increasing among adults, yet limited information regarding the association between adult asthma and environmental and personal exposures is available using large nationally representative population-based survey. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of asthma and associated factors for self-reported asthma in a Canadian population aged 12 years and older by using the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) 2014 cross-sectional cohort...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343040/the-influence-of-lead-content-in-drinking-water-household-dust-soil-and-paint-on-blood-lead-levels-of-children-in-flin-flon-manitoba-and-creighton-saskatchewan
#17
Adam M Safruk, Erin McGregor, Melissa L Whitfield Aslund, Paul H Cheung, Celine Pinsent, Blair J Jackson, Alan T Hair, Murray Lee, Elliot A Sigal
Lead exposure continues to be an important health issue despite the general removal of lead sources in commercial and industrial applications. Low levels of lead exposure have been found to produce adverse neurodevelopmental effects in children with no evidence that a threshold exists for this critical endpoint. Blood lead levels (BLLs) were measured in children (n=118) under the age of 7years in the northern Canadian smelter community of Flin Flon, Manitoba and Creighton, Saskatchewan. An environmental sampling component was included to examine the relationship between lead content in outdoor soil, household dust, tap water, and paint within a given household and the corresponding BLLs in participating children...
March 23, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336137/an-ultra-sensitive-method-for-the-analysis-of-perfluorinated-alkyl-acids-in-drinking-water-using-a-column-switching-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#18
Kavitha Dasu, Shoji F Nakayama, Mitsuha Yoshikane, Marc A Mills, J Michael Wright, Shelley Ehrlich
In epidemiological research, it has become increasingly important to assess subjects' exposure to different classes of chemicals in multiple environmental media. It is a common practice to aliquot limited volumes of samples into smaller quantities for specific trace level chemical analyses. A novel method was developed for the determination of 14 perfluorinated alkyl acids (PFAAs) in small volumes (10mL) of drinking water using off-line solid phase extraction (SPE) pre-treatment followed by on-line pre-concentration on a WAX column before analysis on column-switching high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292314/association-between-blood-lead-and-blood-pressure-a-population-based-study-in-brazilian-adults
#19
Ana Carolina Bertin de Almeida Lopes, Ellen Kovner Silbergeld, Ana Navas-Acien, Rachel Zamoiski, Airton da Cunha Martins, Alissana Ester Iakmiu Camargo, Mariana Ragassi Urbano, Arthur Eumann Mesas, Monica Maria Bastos Paoliello
BACKGROUND: Environmental lead exposure among adults may increase blood pressure and elevate the risk of hypertension. The availability of data on blood lead levels (BLL) in adult Brazilian population is scarce and population-based studies are important for screening the population exposure and also to evaluate associations with adverse health effects. The goal of this study was to examine the association of BLL with blood pressure and hypertension in a population-based study in a city in Southern Brazil...
March 14, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272399/maternal-and-paternal-occupational-exposures-and-hepatoblastoma-results-from-the-hope-study-through-the-children-s-oncology-group
#20
Amanda E Janitz, Gurumurthy Ramachandran, Gail E Tomlinson, Mark Krailo, Michaela Richardson, Logan Spector
Little is known about the etiology of hepatoblastoma. We aimed to confirm the results of a previous study evaluating the association between parental occupational exposures and hepatoblastoma. In our case-control study, we identified cases (n=383) from the Children's Oncology Group and controls from birth certificates (n=387), which were frequency matched to cases on year and region of birth, sex, and birth weight. Occupational exposure in the year before and during the index pregnancy was collected through maternal interview and analyzed using unconditional logistic regression...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
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