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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675875/effects-of-a-supportive-care-bundle-on-sleep-variables-of-preterm-infants-during-hospitalization
#1
Hsiang-Yun Lan, Luke Yang, Kao-Hsian Hsieh, Ti Yin, Yue-Cune Chang, Jen-Jiuan Liaw
Sleep is important for preterm infants' brain development, but they are frequently exposed to painful procedures in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) that disturb their sleep cycle and affect their growth. The purpose of this study was to examine the prolonged effects of a supportive care bundle (modulation of the infants' states, non-nutritive sucking, facilitated tucking, and oral sucrose feeding) on preterm infants' sleep variables (sleep efficiency, total sleep time, sleep latency, and frequency of wake bouts) during hospitalization...
April 20, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666885/referred-cramping-phantom-hand-pain-elicited-in-the-face-and-eliminated-by-peripheral-nerve-block
#2
Caroline Dietrich, Sandra Nehrdich, Annette Zimmer, Alexander Ritter, Gunther O Hofmann, Wolfgang H R Miltner, Thomas Weiss
Phantom limb pain is a restricting condition for a substantial number of amputees with quite different characteristics of pain. Here, we report on a forearm amputee with constant phantom pain in the hand, in whom we could regularly elicit the rare phenomenon of referred cramping phantom pain by touching the face. To clarify the underlying mechanisms, we followed the cramp during the course of an axillary blockade of the brachial plexus. During the blockade, both phantom pain and the referred cramp were abolished, while a referred sensation of "being touched at the phantom" persisted...
April 17, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660542/time-to-stop-mucking-around-impacts-of-underwater-photography-on-cryptobenthic-fauna-found-in-soft-sediment-habitats
#3
Maarten De Brauwer, Benjamin J Saunders, Rohani Ambo-Rappe, Jamaluddin Jompa, Jennifer L McIlwain, Euan S Harvey
Scuba diving tourism is a sustainable source of income for many coastal communities, but can have negative environmental impacts if not managed effectively. Diving on soft sediment habitats, typically referred to as 'muck diving', is a growing multi-million dollar industry with a strong focus on photographing cryptobenthic fauna. We assessed how the environmental impacts of scuba divers are affected by the activity they are engaged in while diving and the habitat they dive in. To do this, we observed 66 divers on coral reefs and soft sediment habitats in Indonesia and the Philippines...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627588/the-multidimensional-representational-space-of-observed-socio-affective-touch-experiences
#4
Haemy Lee Masson, Stien Van De Plas, Nicky Daniels, Hans Op de Beeck
Observed touch interactions provide useful information on how others communicate with the external world. Previous studies revealed shared neural circuits between the direct experience and the passive observation of simple touch, such as being stroked/slapped. Here, we investigate the complexity of the neural representations underlying the understanding of others' socio-affective touch interactions. Importantly, we use a recently developed touch database that contains a larger range of more complex social and non-social touch interactions...
April 5, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624725/narratives-in-the-immediate-aftermath-of-traumatic-injury-markers-of-ongoing-depressive-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms
#5
Jordan A Booker, Matthew E Graci, Lauren A Hudak, Tanja Jovanovic, Barbara O Rothbaum, Kerry J Ressler, Robyn Fivush, Jennifer Stevens
In this study, we considered connections between the content of immediate trauma narratives and longitudinal trajectories of negative symptoms to address questions about the timing and predictive value of collected trauma narratives. Participants (N = 68) were individuals who were admitted to the emergency department of a metropolitan hospital and provided narrative recollections of the traumatic event that brought them into the hospital that day. They were then assessed at intervals over the next 12 months for depressive and posttraumatic symptom severity...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610299/second-order-spinal-cord-pathway-contributes-to-cortical-responses-after-long-recoveries-from-dorsal-column-injury-in-squirrel-monkeys
#6
Chia-Chi Liao, Jamie L Reed, Hui-Xin Qi, Eva K Sawyer, Jon H Kaas
Months after the occurrence of spinal cord dorsal column lesions (DCLs) at the cervical level, neural responses in the hand representation of somatosensory area 3b hand cortex recover, along with hand use. To examine whether the second-order spinal cord pathway contributes to this functional recovery, we injected cholera toxin subunit B (CTB) into the hand representation in the cuneate nucleus (Cu) to label the spinal cord neurons, and related results to cortical reactivation in four squirrel monkeys ( Saimiri boliviensis ) at least 7 months after DCL...
April 2, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603680/chinese-children-with-autism-a-multiple-chemical-elements-profile-in-erythrocytes
#7
Jing Wu, Duo-Jian Liu, Xiao-Jing Shou, Ji-Shui Zhang, Fan-Chao Meng, Ya-Qiong Liu, Song-Ping Han, Rong Zhang, Jin-Zhu Jia, Jing-Yu Wang, Ji-Sheng Han
Several lines of evidence suggested that abnormal levels of certain chemical elements may contribute to the development of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The present work aimed to investigate the multiple chemical elements profile in the erythrocytes of autistic versus typically developing children (TDC) of China. Analyses were carried out to explore the possible association between levels of elements and the risk as well as the severity of ASD. Erythrocyte levels of 11 elements (32%) among 34 detected elements in autistic group were significantly different from those in the TDC group...
March 30, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587170/the-continuous-vs-discontinuous-use-of-restorative-safety-behaviors-on-symptoms-of-contamination-fear-an-experimental-investigation
#8
Amy R Goetz, Han-Joo Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cognitive-behavioral theorists posit that safety behaviors (SBs) interfere with important exposure processes and should be removed from therapy. However, there is growing evidence to suggest that restorative SBs (RSB; those that allow for full confrontation with a core threat) do not adversely affect exposure outcomes, and their implementation during exposure should be further examined. METHODS: The current study evaluated exposure with the continuous use of RSB (E + CONT) versus discontinuation of RSB (E + DISC), in comparison to exposure with no RSB (ERP)...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584538/reducing-fear-of-reinjury-and-pain-perception-among-athletes-with-first-time-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstructions-by-implementing-imagery-training
#9
Rosa M Rodriguez, Ashley Marroquin, Nicole Cosby
Injuries are an inevitable part of competitive sports as well a recreational activities. Research shows that one of the most common musculoskeletal complaints that accounts for approximately 48 out of 1,000 patients are knee related injuries.1 As noted, approximately nine percent of these knee complaints are related to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries.2 ,3 The ACL is commonly injured in contact sports via a non-contact action such as planting, cutting, landing on a hyperextended knee, or pivoting and sudden deceleration...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568517/surfen-and-oxalyl-surfen-decrease-tau-hyperphosphorylation-and-mitigate-neuron-deficits-in-vivo-in-a-zebrafish-model-of-tauopathy
#10
Seyedeh Maryam Alavi Naini, Constantin Yanicostas, Rahma Hassan-Abdi, Sébastien Blondeel, Mohamed Bennis, Ryan J Weiss, Yitzhak Tor, Jeffrey D Esko, Nadia Soussi-Yanicostas
Background: Tauopathies comprise a family of neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer's disease for which there is an urgent and unmet need for disease-modifying treatments. Tauopathies are characterized by pathological tau hyperphosphorylation, which has been shown to correlate tightly with disease progression and memory loss in patients suffering from Alzheimer's disease. We recently demonstrated an essential requirement for 3- O -sulfated heparan sulfate in pathological tau hyperphosphorylation in zebrafish, a prominent model organism for human drug discovery...
2018: Translational Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553407/knowledge-and-self-care-practices-in-adolescent-girls-living-in-nablus-district-during-menstruation-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Eatimad Shalabi-Abbas, Saba Dweikat, Israa Al Gazawy, Sajeda Draghmah
BACKGROUND: Menstruation is a natural phenomenon that occurs throughout the reproductive life of every woman. The aim of this study was to explore knowledge and self-care practices among Palestinian adolescent girls during their menstrual period. Reproductive health issues in adolescent girls is an important but neglected area of Palestinian research. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study we recruited girls from grades seven, eight, and nine in the three biggest schools for girls in Nablus district...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546651/multisensory-temporal-processing-in-own-body-contexts-plausibility-of-hand-ownership-does-not-improve-visuo-tactile-asynchrony-detection
#12
Robert T Keys, Anina N Rich, Regine Zopf
Tracking one's own body is essential for environmental interaction, and involves integrating multisensory cues with stored information about the body's typical features. Exactly how multisensory information is integrated in own-body perception is still unclear. For example, Ide and Hidaka (Exp Brain Res 228:43-50, 2013) found that participants made less precise visuo-tactile temporal order judgments (TOJ) when viewing hands in a plausible orientation (upright; typical for one's own hand) compared to an implausible orientation (rotated 180°)...
March 15, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543700/variability-of-plyometric-and-ballistic-exercise-technique-maintains-jump-performance
#13
Phillip T Chandler, Matthew Greig, John J McMahon
The aim of this study was to investigate changes in vertical jump technique over the course of a training session. Twelve plyometric and ballistic exercise trained male athletes (age = 23.4 ± 4.6 years, body mass = 78.7 ± 18.8 kg, height = 177.1 ± 9.0 cm) performed three sets of 10 repetitions of drop (DJ), rebound (RJ) and squat jumps (SJ). Each exercise was analysed from touch down to peak joint flexion and peak joint flexion to take-off. SJ where analysed from peak joint flexion to take-off only. Jump height, flexion and extension time and range of motion, and instantaneous angles of the ankle, knee and hip joints were measured...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543167/new-thermal-taste-actuation-technology-for-future-multisensory-virtual-reality-and-internet
#14
Kasun Karunanayaka, Nurafiqah Johari, Surina Hariri, Hanis Camelia, Kevin Stanley Bielawski, Adrian David Cheok
Today's virtual reality (VR) applications such as gaming, multisensory entertainment, remote dining, and online shopping are mainly based on audio, visual, and touch interactions between humans and virtual worlds. Integrating the sense of taste into VR is difficult since humans are dependent on chemical-based taste delivery systems. This paper presents the 'Thermal Taste Machine', a new digital taste actuation technology that can effectively produce and modify thermal taste sensations on the tongue. It modifies the temperature of the surface of the tongue within a short period of time (from 25°C to 40 °C while heating, and from 25°C to 10 °C while cooling)...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529588/atypical-susceptibility-to-the-rubber-hand-illusion-linked-to-sensory-localised-vicarious-pain-perception
#15
V Botan, S Fan, H Critchley, J Ward
The Rubber Hand Illusion (RHI) paradigm has been widely used to investigate the sense of body ownership. People who report experiencing the pain of others are hypothesised to have differences in computing body ownership and, hence, we predicted that they would perform atypically on the RHI. The Vicarious Pain Questionnaire (VPQ), was used to divide participants into three groups: (1) non-responders (people who report no pain when seeing someone else experiencing physical pain), (2) sensory-localised responders (report sensory qualities and a localised feeling of pain) and (3) affective-general responders (report a generalised and emotional feeling of pain)...
March 9, 2018: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515377/whisker-and-nose-tactile-sense-guide-rat-behavior-in-a-skilled-reaching-task
#16
Pierantonio Parmiani, Cristina Lucchetti, Gianfranco Franchi
Skilled reaching is a complex movement in which a forelimb is extended to grasp food for eating. Video-recordings analysis of control rats enables us to distinguish several components of skilled reaching: Orient, approaching the front wall of the reaching box and poking the nose into the slot to locate the food pellet; Transport, advancing the forelimb through the slot to reach-grasp the pellet; and Withdrawal of the grasped food to eat. Although food location and skilled reaching is guided by olfaction, the importance of whisker/nose tactile sense in rats suggests that this too could play a role in reaching behavior...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501426/sensory-dysfunction-and-sexuality-in-the-u-s-population-of-older-adults
#17
Selena Zhong, Jayant M Pinto, Kristen E Wroblewski, Martha K McClintock
BACKGROUND: The sexual experience is shaped by sensory function; with aging, sensory dysfunction may interfere with sexuality and sexual behavior between partners. Specifically, older adults with age-related sensory dysfunction may have less sexual activity than those with better sensory function. In addition, since sexual desire and attraction rests in part upon sensory function, sensory dysfunction may also be associated with less sexual motivation. AIM: To test the association between sexual activity and motivation in older adults and their sensory dysfunction...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493729/the-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-touch-preparation-for-rapid-diagnosis-of-invasive-fungal-sinusitis-a-pilot-study
#18
Theodore A Schuman, Josephine H Nguyen, Joshua C Yelverton, Jorge A Almenara, Celeste N Powers
Invasive fungal sinusitis is a morbid pathology that typically affects immunocompromised patients and may quickly progress to fulminant disease. The purpose of this study was to measure the sensitivity and specificity of touch preparation of nasal debridement specimens as a rapid diagnostic tool for invasive fungal sinusitis. A retrospective chart review was performed of 22 patients undergoing nasal debridement due to suspicion for invasive fungal sinusitis over a 10-year period. Thirteen patients had touch preparation of nasal specimens followed by routine histologic processing; 2 of these patients underwent two and 1 patient had three separate debridements, for a total of 17 touch preparations performed...
January 2018: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480881/cheiro-oral-syndrome-caused-by-thalamus-hemorrhage-a-case-report
#19
Yen-Hung Wu, Kuan-Ting Liu, I-Jeng Yeh, Chia-Wen Chang
RATIONALE: Cheiro-Oral syndrome (COS) is a pure sensory deficit confined to the perioral area and ipsilateral distal fingers or hand. Owing to relatively minor clinical findings and various presentations in different cases, the insidious and severe illness it implies may be overlooked at acute settings. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 70-year-old man with history of hypertension and type II diabetes mellitus under regular medication control came to our emergency department with chief complaint of sudden onset of right perioral region and right upper limb numbness...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474289/sequence-of-pelvic-examination-affects-patient-reported-pain
#20
Rebecca Rinko, Ian Yu, Emna Bakillah, Lauren Alper, Colleen Delaney, Marisa Su, Melissa Dawson, Edward J Gracely, Kristene E Whitmore
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this trial is to compare patient-reported pain based on the sequence of the pelvic examination and to assess the relationship between pain during the examination and quality of life, self-esteem, and sexual function. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial of women presenting for annual gynecologic examinations. Women were assigned to either group A: a Q-tip touch test, speculum examination, then bimanual examination or group B: Q-tip touch test, bimanual examination, then speculum examination...
March 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
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