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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214391/stroking-and-tapping-the-skin-behavioral-and-electrodermal-effects
#1
Roberta Etzi, Carlotta Carta, Alberto Gallace
Being caressed represents one of the most typical expressions of affection conveyed by touch. Converging evidence suggests that the pleasant perception of gentle and slow stroking delivered to the hairy skin is mediated by C-Tactile afferents (CTs). While behavioral and neural responses to CT-optimal touch have been moderately explored so far, less is known about the autonomic reaction to different kinds of touch (both CT-optimal and not). Here, we investigated whether physiological arousal varies as a function of the specific tactile stimulation provided...
December 6, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195432/dynamic-temporal-behaviour-of-the-keyboard-action-on-the-hammond-organ-and-its-perceptual-significance
#2
Giulio Moro, Andrew P McPherson, Mark B Sandler
The Hammond organ is one of earliest electronic instruments and is still used widely in contemporary popular music. One of its main sonic features is the "key-click," a transient that occurs upon note onset, caused by the mechanical bouncing of the nine electric contacts actuated during each key press. A study of the dynamic mechanical behaviour of the contact bounces is presented, showing that the velocity, the type of touch and, more in general, the temporal evolution of the key position, all affect different characteristics of the contact bounces...
November 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189666/validity-of-wearable-activity-monitors-during-cycling-and-resistance-exercise
#3
Benjamin D Boudreaux, Edward P Hebert, Daniel B Hollander, Brian M Williams, Corinne L Cormier, Mildred R Naquin, Wynn W Gillan, Emily E Gusew, Robert R Kraemer
INTRODUCTION: The use of wearable activity monitors has seen rapid growth; however, the mode and intensity of exercise could affect validity of heart rate (HR) and caloric (energy) expenditure (EE) readings. There is a lack of data regarding the validity of wearable activity monitors during graded cycling regimen and a standard resistance exercise. The present study determined the validity of eight monitors for HR compared to an ECG and seven monitors for EE compared to a metabolic analyzer during graded cycling and resistance exercise...
November 7, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187251/experiencing-physical-warmth-affects-implicit-attitudes-and-altruistic-behavior-toward-outgroup-in-females
#4
Takeru Miyajima, Xianwei Meng
OBJECTIVE: Experiencing physical warmth has been demonstrated to influence interpersonal warmth. However, the effects of this metaphorical link in an intergroup context is not clear. The current study aimed to investigate the effect of physical warmth on implicit attitudes and behavior toward outgroup members in a Japanese-Chinese intergroup context. After touching either a warm or cold cup for 3 min, the Japanese participants were required to complete the single-target implicit association test, which aimed to measure their implicit attitudes toward imagined Chinese people, and to express their willingness to participate in the experiments of a Chinese individual whom they interacted directly without compensation, aiming to measure their prosocial behavior toward a real outgroup member...
November 29, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183253/implementation-of-a-cardiac-transitions-of-care-pilot-program-a-prospective-study-of-inpatient-and-outpatient-clinical-pharmacy-services-for-patients-with-heart-failure-exacerbation-or-acute-myocardial-infarction
#5
Julie A Murphy, Michelle N Schroeder, Rachel E Rarus, Idris Yakubu, Sean O P McKee, Steven J Martin
BACKGROUND: Pharmacists may assist with reducing 30-day readmission rates for patients with heart failure (HF) exacerbation or acute myocardial infarction (AMI) by promoting medication adherence. OBJECTIVE: To determine the change in 30-day readmission rates for patients with HF exacerbation or AMI after implementation of a "high-touch" standard of care. METHODS: Patients admitted with HF exacerbation, non-ST-segment elevation AMI, or ST-segment elevation AMI from August 1, 2013, to June 30, 2015, were included in this prospective study...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171745/retracted-resveratrol-inhibits-oesophageal-adenocarcinoma-cell-proliferation-via-amp-activated-protein-kinase-signaling
#6
(no author information available yet)
Retraction: Retracted:Resveratrol inhibits oesophageal adenocarcinoma cell proliferation via AMP-activated protein kinase signaling Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention (APJCP) has retracted the article titled “Resveratrol Inhibits Oesophageal Adenocarcinoma Cell Proliferation via AMP-activated Protein Kinase Signaling”(1) for reason of having duplicated contents brought to the attention of APJCP’s editorial office by the following email content: “Dear Editors of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Acta Pharmacologica Sinica, Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, Clinical and Experimental Hypertension, I write to you from the editorial office of PLOS ONE to inform you of concerns related to duplicated content in articles published by your journals...
November 24, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161965/i-am-there-%C3%A2-but-not-quite-an-unfaithful-mirror-that-reduces-feelings-of-ownership-and-agency
#7
Noreen O'Sullivan, Christophe de Bezenac, Andrea Piovesan, Hannah Cutler, Rhiannon Corcoran, David Fenyvesi, Marco Bertamini
The experience of seeing one's own face in a mirror is a common experience in daily life. Visual feedback from a mirror is linked to a sense of identity. We developed a procedure that allowed individuals to watch their own face, as in a normal mirror, or with specific distortions (lag) for active movement or passive touch. By distorting visual feedback while the face is being observed on a screen, we document an illusion of reduced embodiment. Participants made mouth movements, while their forehead was touched with a pen...
January 1, 2017: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159776/non-pharmacological-interventions-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-compression-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
María Paniagua-Collado, Omar Cauli
Spinal cord compression is a complex and challenging condition that greatly affects the quality of life. Non-pharmacological techniques have only been studied to a very lesser extent; although they are evidence to be beneficial. We performed Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) analysis of the scientific literature in several databases (Medline, Cochrane, Scopus, Cuiden, Pubmed, Lilacs and Embase); using the following keywords: spinal cord compression, spine compression, mobilization, positioning, brace and bracing...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156496/sensation-mechanoreceptor-and-nerve-fiber-function-after-nerve-regeneration
#9
Christian Krarup, Birgitta Rosén, Michel Boeckstyns, Allan Ibsen Sørensen, Göran Lundborg, Mihai Moldovan, Simon J Archibald
OBJECTIVE: Sensation is essential for recovery after peripheral nerve injury. However, the relationship between sensory modalities and function of regenerated fibers is uncertain. We have investigated the relationships between touch threshold, tactile gnosis and mechanoreceptor and sensory fiber function after nerve regeneration. METHODS: Twenty-one median or ulnar nerve lesions were repaired by a collagen nerve conduit or direct suture. Quantitative sensory hand function and sensory conduction studies by near-nerve technique including tactile stimulation of mechanoreceptors were followed for 2 years, and results were compared to non-injured hands...
November 20, 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153656/tune-to-touch-affective-touch-enhances-learning-of-face-identity-in-4-month-old-infants
#10
Letizia Della Longa, Teodora Gliga, Teresa Farroni
Touch provides more than sensory input for discrimination of what is on the skin. From early in development it has a rewarding and motivational value, which may reflect an evolutionary mechanism that promotes learning and affiliative bonding. In the present study we investigated whether affective touch helps infants tune to social signals, such as faces. Four-month-old infants were habituated to an individual face with averted gaze, which typically does not engage infants to the same extent as direct gaze does...
November 11, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153232/development-of-the-pediatric-temporomandibular-joint
#11
REVIEW
Melissa E Bender, Rosa B Lipin, Steven L Goudy
This article focuses on the embryologic development and growth of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and touches on the development and growth of surrounding structures. Aberrations in structures surrounding the TMJ can affect its development as well. The normal adult anatomy of the TMJ is described as well as common malformations. The clinical ramifications of a malformed TMJ are also discussed in order to understand future necessary consultants involved in the care of these patients.
February 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153009/mothers-perspectives-on-the-lived-experience-of-children-with-intellectual-disability-and-challenging-behaviour
#12
Joann Kiernan, Duncan Mitchell, Jois Stansfield, Carol Taylor
Children with intellectual disability and behavioural needs (challenging behaviour) are vulnerable to exclusion from services and communities. The situation is exacerbated by difficulties in accessing appropriate support and services to effectively meet the needs of children and carers. Family perspectives on the 'lived experience' of children can provide insight into how behavioural needs can affect their ability to access everyday experiences. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with mothers of children with intellectual disabilities and challenging behaviours...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130554/sensory-recovery-of-myomucosal-flap-oral-cavity-reconstructions
#13
Olindo Massarelli, Luigi Angelo Vaira, Andrea Biglio, Roberta Gobbi, Giovanni Dell'aversana Orabona, Giacomo De Riu
BACKGROUND: Sensory restoration of the oral cavity is a primary aim of reconstructive surgery in posttraumatic or postablative defects. Sensitivity plays a key role in oral function, whose impairment strongly affects the patient's quality of life. Cheek myomucosal flaps provide a reliable and tissue-like reconstruction of these regions but their sensitive recovery, which we still know little about, deserves thorough assessment. METHODS: In this retrospective study, the myomucosal cheek flaps were tested for different aspects of sensory recovery: touch; 2-point discrimination; pain; sharp/smooth discrimination; ability to feel hot/cold stimulus; stereognosis; and taste...
November 11, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118529/pediatric-testicular-cancer-two-decades-of-saudi-national-data
#14
REVIEW
Mohammed Abomelha
Pediatric testicular cancer is exceedingly rare. There are no data available touching Saudi children. The aim of the study is to determine the trends and patterns of testicular cancer among Saudi children over a period of 20 years. The national database of the Saudi Cancer Registry (SCR) on pediatric testicular cancer over the last two decades was examined including epidemiological and histological patterns. From 1994 to 2013, 82 cases of testicular cancer among Saudi children aged 1-14 years were accumulated at the SCR...
October 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115755/nurses-as-participants-in-research-an-evaluation-of-recruitment-techniques
#15
Lauretta Luck, Harrison Ng Chok, Lesley Wilkes
BACKGROUND: Recruitment and retention of participants, as well as response rates, can be challenging in nursing research. This can be because of the questions asked; the choice of methodology; the methods used to collect data; the characteristics of potential participants; the sample size required; and the duration of the study. Additionally, conducting research with nurses as participants presents several issues for them, including the time needed to participate in the research, the competing commitments for clinical practice, the political and environmental climate, and recruitment itself...
September 19, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113848/high-vacuum-optical-platform-for-cryo-clem-hope-a-new-solution-for-non-integrated-multiscale-correlative-light-and-electron-microscopy
#16
Shuoguo Li, Gang Ji, Yang Shi, Lasse Hyldgaard Klausen, Tongxin Niu, Shengliu Wang, Xiaojun Huang, Wei Ding, Xiang Zhang, Mingdong Dong, Wei Xu, Fei Sun
Cryo-correlative light and electron microscopy (cryo-CLEM) offers a unique way to analyze the high-resolution structural information of cryo-vitrified specimen by cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) with the guide of the search for unique events by cryo-fluorescence microscopy (cryo-FM). To achieve cryo-FM, a trade-off must be made between the temperature and performance of objective lens. The temperature of specimen should be kept below devitrification while the distance between the objective lens and specimen should be short enough for high resolution imaging...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108882/brain-mechanisms-for-processing-discriminative-and-affective-touch-in-7-month-old-infants
#17
Helga O Miguel, Isabel C Lisboa, Óscar F Gonçalves, Adriana Sampaio
Affective touch has been associated with affiliative behavior during early stages of infant development; however, its underlying brain mechanisms are still poorly understood. This study used fNIRS (functional near-infrared spectroscopy) to examine both affective and discriminative touch in 7- month-old infants (n=35). Infants were provided affective stimuli on the forearm for 10 sec followed by a 20 sec rest period. The protocol was repeated for discriminative touch, and both affective and discriminative stimuli were given in a counterbalanced order...
October 31, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082527/time-touch-and-temperature-affect-perceived-finger-position-and-ownership-in-the-grasp-illusion
#18
Martin E Héroux, Nicolas Bayle, Annie A Butler, Simon C Gandevia
Perceived body position and ownership are fundamental to our ability to sense and interact with the world. Previous work indicates that temporally congruent, repetitive multisensory stimuli are needed to alter the sense of body ownership. In the present study 30 subjects passively grasped an artificial rubber finger with their left index and thumb while their right index finger, located 12 cm below, was lightly clamped. Fingers with varied physical characteristics were also passively grasped to determine how these characteristics influenced perceived body position and ownership...
October 29, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078134/real-time-visual-biofeedback-during-weight-bearing-improves-therapy-compliance-in-patients-following-lower-extremity-fractures
#19
Marco Raaben, Herman R Holtslag, Luke P H Leenen, Robin Augustine, Taco J Blokhuis
BACKGROUND: Individuals with lower extremity fractures are often instructed on how much weight to bear on the affected extremity. Previous studies have shown limited therapy compliance in weight bearing during rehabilitation. In this study we investigated the effect of real-time visual biofeedback on weight bearing in individuals with lower extremity fractures in two conditions: full weight bearing and touch-down weight bearing. METHODS: 11 participants with full weight bearing and 12 participants with touch-down weight bearing after lower extremity fractures have been measured with an ambulatory biofeedback system...
October 20, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077909/prevalence-and-risk-of-inappropriate-sexual-behavior-of-patients-toward-physical-therapist-clinicians-and-students-in-the-united-states
#20
Jill S Boissonnault, Ziádee Cambier, Scott J Hetzel, Margaret M Plack
Background: For health care providers in the United States, the risk for nonfatal violence in the workplace is 16 times greater than that for other workers. Inappropriate patient sexual behavior (IPSB) is directed at clinicians, staff, or other patients and may include leering, sexual remarks, deliberate touching, indecent exposure, and sexual assault. Inappropriate patient sexual behavior may adversely affect clinicians, the organization, or patients themselves. Few IPSB risk factors for physical therapists have been confirmed...
November 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
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