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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435704/risk-factors-and-indicators-of-reduced-welfare-of-grazing-dairy-cows-from-selected-smallholder-dairy-farms-in-midlands-province-zimbabwe
#1
Z Matore, P Woods, S Kagler
Zimbabwe's smallholder dairying faces many challenges that affect the welfare of dairy cows; however, the status of this welfare has not yet been determined. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Midlands Province on 41 active smallholder dairy farms with 86 cows in winter and summer to determine the risk factors and indicators to impaired cow welfare. These objectives were achieved using farmer questionnaires and direct observations. Eleven percent of the observed cows were severely lame in summer while only 5% were severely lame in winter...
February 12, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428003/how-does-a-photocatalytic-antimicrobial-coating-affect-environmental-bioburden-in-hospitals
#2
Matthew Reid, Vanessa Whatley, Emma Spooner, Alan M Nevill, Michael Cooper, Jeremy J Ramsden, Stephanie J Dancer
BACKGROUND The healthcare environment is recognized as a source for healthcare-acquired infection. Because cleaning practices are often erratic and always intermittent, we hypothesize that continuously antimicrobial surfaces offer superior control of surface bioburden. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of a photocatalytic antimicrobial coating at near-patient, high-touch sites in a hospital ward. SETTING The study took place in 2 acute-care wards in a large acute-care hospital. METHODS A titanium dioxide-based photocatalytic coating was sprayed onto 6 surfaces in a 4-bed bay in a ward and compared under normal illumination against the same surfaces in an untreated ward: right and left bed rails, bed control, bedside locker, overbed table, and bed footboard...
February 12, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425632/electronic-health-record-on-the-go-device-form-factor-and-fitts-law
#3
Frank A Drews, Jonathan R Zadra, Jeremy Gleed
PURPOSE: With electronic health records (EHRs) becoming ubiquitous, computer use in exam rooms during patient-provider interactions is commonplace. Although computer use brings many benefits to providers, and patients generally rate computer-use as having a positive impact, the use of mobile devices could eliminate existing issues, for example allowing providers to enter or review records while face-to-face with patients. Using mobile devices increases flexibility of providers, but also creates challenges associated with the mobile device itself...
March 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420381/surgical-treatment-of-osteoma-in-the-basilar-region-of-the-mandible
#4
Manoela Moura De Bartoli, Luis Felipe Oliveira Maciel, Marília Gabriela Mendes de Alencar, Thiago Coelho Gomes da Silva, Ricardo José Holanda Vasconcellos
Osteoma is an uncommon benign osteogenic tumor characterized by the proliferation of compact and cancellous bone. The objective of this study was to report a case of osteoma in the basilar region of the mandible. The patient reported no pain, but the affected area was tender to touch and there was esthetic concern because of the apparent swelling. The mass measured approximately 5 cm in diameter and extended to the lingual area of the mandible. A vestibular approach was used for surgical treatment. After infiltration of a local anesthetic and vasoconstrictor, to expose the mandibular ramus, an incision was made with an electric scalpel along the external oblique ridge through the mucosa, submucosa and muscle, fascia and periosteum until the lower second molar, 3 to 5 mm inferior to the mucogingival junction...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415053/the-association-between-glutamine-repeats-in-the-androgen-receptor-gene-and-personality-traits-in-dromedary-camel-camelus-dromedarius
#5
Sherif Ramadan, Amira M Nowier, Yusuke Hori, Miho Inoue-Murayama
Temperament traits such as fearfulness are important as they define an animal's responses to its environment and handling. The increasing automation of daily tasks and growing population limits contact between camels and humans. Such limitations contribute to fear of humans and changes in physical environment. Monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) and androgen receptor (AR) genes are important candidates associated with mammal personality. In our analysis, MAOA exon 15 showed no polymorphism but a novel polymorphism was seen in the camel AR exon 1; 16, 17, 18, and 19 glutamine repeats were detected...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407469/age-related-differences-in-the-neural-correlates-of-empathy-for-pleasant-and-unpleasant-touch-in-a-female-sample
#6
Federica Riva, Melanie Tschernegg, Patrizia A Chiesa, Isabella C Wagner, Martin Kronbichler, Claus Lamm, Giorgia Silani
Empathy is essential for successful social interactions and relationships. The neural underpinnings of empathy have predominantly been studied in the young adult population, thus little is known about how they evolve across the life span. In the present study, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate age-related differences in brain activity associated to empathy for positive and negative emotions. Female participants of 3 age groups-adolescents, young, and older adults-underwent an experimental paradigm inducing both first-hand and empathic experience of pleasant and unpleasant touch...
January 9, 2018: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405836/expanded-transcanal-transpromontorial-approach-a-novel-surgical-technique-for-cerebellopontine-angle-vestibular-schwannoma-removal
#7
Daniele Marchioni, Marco Carner, Davide Soloperto, Luca Bianconi, Andrea Sacchetto, Luca Sacchetto, Barbara Masotto, Livio Presutti
Objective Vestibular schwannoma (VS) is a benign tumor of the lateral skull base. Different microscopic surgical techniques are described in literature: the retrosigmoid and translabyrinthine approaches are used to treat big tumors located in the cerebellopontine angle, and the middle cranial fossa approach is utilized for small tumors with good hearing preservation. The expanded transcanal transpromontorial (ExpTT) approach is a combined microscopic-endoscopic technique previously indicated for Koos stage I and II VS and now proposed for larger VS, up to 3 cm in diameter, with linear progression into the cerebellopontine angle and touching the brainstem...
February 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404917/eeg-captures-affective-touch-ct-optimal-touch-and-neural-oscillations
#8
Mariana von Mohr, Michael J Crowley, Jessica Walthall, Linda C Mayes, Kevin A Pelphrey, Helena J V Rutherford
Tactile interactions are of developmental importance to social and emotional interactions across species. In beginning to understand the affective component of tactile stimulation, research has begun to elucidate the neural mechanisms that underscore slow, affective touch. Here, we extended this emerging body of work and examined whether affective touch (C tactile [CT]-optimal speed), as compared to nonaffective touch (non-CT-optimal speed) and no touch conditions, modulated EEG oscillations. We report an attenuation in alpha and beta activity to affective and nonaffective touch relative to the no touch condition...
February 5, 2018: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402735/the-mindedness-of-maternal-touch-an-investigation-of-maternal-mind-mindedness-and-mother-infant-touch-interactions
#9
Laura Crucianelli, Lisa Wheatley, Maria Laura Filippetti, Paul M Jenkinson, Elizabeth Kirk, Aikaterini Katerina Fotopoulou
Increasing evidence shows that maternal touch may promote emotion regulation in infants, however less is known about how parental higher-order social cognition abilities are translated into tactile, affect-regulatory behaviours towards their infants. During 10 min book-reading, mother-infant sessions when infants were 12 months old (N = 45), we investigated maternal mind-mindedness (MM), the social cognitive ability to understand an infant's mental state, by coding the contingency of maternal verbal statements towards the infants' needs and desires...
January 31, 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400617/utilizing-bloom-s-taxonomy-to-design-a-substance-use-disorders-course-for-health-professions-students
#10
Andrew J Muzyk, Chris Tew, Allie Thomas-Fannin, Sanjai Dayal, Reina Maeda, Nicole Schramm-Sapyta, Kathryn Andolsek, Shelley Holmer
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorders (SUDs) are a public health problem affecting millions of Americans. Despite its prevalence, there are few healthcare resources allocated for SUDs treatment. Relatively few healthcare professionals are exposed to SUDs education in their respective programs, which may be one reason for this resource insufficiency. In hopes of rectifying this gap, we developed a SUDs course for health professions students combining classroom learning with practical application to patient care...
February 5, 2018: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400371/effects-of-chronic-flexed-wrist-posture-on-the-elasticity-and-crosssectional-area-of-the-median-nerve-at-the-carpal-tunnel-among-chronic-stroke-patients
#11
Hulya Aslan, Pinar Doruk Analan
AIM: To investigate the effects of chronic flexed wrist posture following spasticity on the elasticity and cross-sectional area (CSA) of the median nerve at the carpal tunnel among chronic stroke patients. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This prospective study included 24 consecutive patients (mean age, 56.5±11.56 years) with unilateral wrist spasticity following a stroke in a chronic phase. The CSA of the median nerve was measured by ultrasound (US). The elasticity was measured by Virtual Touch tissue imaging quantification (VTIQ; Siemens, Erlangen, Germany)...
February 4, 2018: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397806/something-in-the-water-hospital-responds-to-water-crisis
#12
Roberta Redfern, Jennifer Micham, Rebecca Daniels, Sue Childers
Early on August 2, 2014, in the city of Toledo, Ohio, a media alert informed the public that traces of microcystin, a hazardous toxin, had been detected in the drinking water. The warning stated that residents should not drink, boil, or even touch the contaminated water. A water crisis of this magnitude was recognized to pose a potentially serious and significant impact on patient care and safety in health care environments. ProMedica Toledo Hospital's Emergency Operation Plan addressed 3 critical issues: safe water availability, alternate cleaning solutions, and preparations for a prolonged crisis...
February 5, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390202/-clinical-trial-regeneration-of-skin-perception-after-deep-degree-burns-in-childhood
#13
Stephan Fuchs, Gunter Klohs, Malte Kornhuber, Rainer Finke
BACKGROUND:  Cutaneous aesthesia is frequently impaired following thermal injury. The perception of pressure and touch is compromised. METHODS:  We analysed 352 patient files retrospectively and tested the perception in deep burn-damaged skin of children. The skin regions examined were classified into groups according to treatment: group 1: necrosectomy + split-thickness skin graft; group 2: epifascial necrosectomy + split-thickness skin graft; group 3: epifascial necrosectomy + Integra® + split- thickness skin graft...
February 1, 2018: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384746/day-to-day-issues-in-the-forensic-identification-practice-related-to-illegal-immigration-in-italy
#14
V Pinchi, M Focardi, F Pradella, R Grifoni, M Palandri, G A Norelli
The migratory flows to Europe from the African countries, Asia and Middle East, have hugely intensified in the recent years. In 2016, more than 98,000 out of a total of 260,000 migrants across the Mediterranean Sea arrived in Italy and in May 2017, the trend of arrivals is: Italy +576%; Greece -39% compared to previous years. Some migrants die before touching the sole of the European continent, during the crossing, often afforded with ships, made available by unscrupulous smugglers or criminal organizations, which are unsuitable for this type of transportation...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Forensic Odonto-stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374307/cellular-populations-and-thermosensing-mechanisms-of-the-hypothalamic-thermoregulatory-center
#15
REVIEW
Jan Siemens, Gretel B Kamm
Temperature affects all aspects of life down to the diffusion rates of biologically active molecules and reaction rates of enzymes. The reciprocal argument holds true as well and every biological process down to enzymatic reactions influences temperature. In order to assure biological stability, mammalian organisms possess the remarkable ability to maintain internal body temperature within a narrow range, which in humans and mice is close to 37 °C, despite wide environmental temperature variations and different rates of internal heat production...
January 27, 2018: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364988/socio-affective-touch-expression-database
#16
Haemy Lee Masson, Hans Op de Beeck
Socio-affective touch communication conveys a vast amount of information about emotions and intentions in social contexts. In spite of the complexity of the socio-affective touch expressions we use daily, previous studies addressed only a few aspects of social touch mainly focusing on hedonics, such as stroking, leaving a wide range of social touch behaviour unexplored. To overcome this limit, we present the Socio-Affective Touch Expression Database (SATED), which includes a large range of dynamic interpersonal socio-affective touch events varying in valence and arousal...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354969/-therapeutic-effect-observation-of-post-stroke-shoulder-pain-treated-with-the-touching-periosteum-needling-technique-of-the-meridian-muscle-region-theory
#17
Haiguang Yuan, Zhibin Liu, Weixing Feng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pain severity, the motor function of the upper limb and the quality of life in the patients of post-stroke shoulder pain treated with the touching-periosteum needling technique of the meridian muscle region theory. METHODS: One hundred and six cases of post-stroke shoulder pain were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 53 cases in each one. In the observation group, the touching-periosteum needle technique and the rehabilitation training were used on the bases of the theory of meridian muscle region...
October 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342092/metabolic-alterations-in-cancer-cells-and-the-emerging-role-of-oncometabolites-as-drivers-of-neoplastic-change
#18
REVIEW
Zhengqiu Zhou, Elochukwu Ibekwe, Yevgen Chornenkyy
The mitochondrion is an important organelle and provides energy for a plethora of intracellular reactions. Metabolic dysregulation has dire consequences for the cell, and alteration in metabolism has been identified in multiple disease states-cancer being one. Otto Warburg demonstrated that cancer cells, in the presence of oxygen, undergo glycolysis by reprogramming their metabolism-termed "aerobic glycolysis". Alterations in metabolism enable cancer cells to gain a growth advantage by obtaining precursors for macromolecule biosynthesis, such as nucleic acids and lipids...
January 17, 2018: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337699/associations-between-nurse-guided-variables-and-plasma-oxytocin-trajectories-in-premature-infants-during-initial-hospitalization
#19
Ashley Weber, Tondi M Harrison, Loraine Sinnott, Abigail Shoben, Deborah Steward
BACKGROUND: Oxytocin (OT) is a social hormone that may help researchers understand how nurse-guided interventions during initial infant hospitalization, such as supporting human milk expression, promoting comforting touch, and reducing exposure to stressors, affect preterm brain development. PURPOSE: To determine whether factors related to human milk, touch, or stressor exposure are related to plasma OT trajectories in premature infants. METHODS: Plasma from 33 premature infants, born gestational ages 25 to 28 6/7 weeks, was collected at 14 days of life and then weekly until 34 weeks' corrected gestational age (CGA)...
January 15, 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316895/daily-repetitive-sensory-stimulation-of-the-paretic-hand-for-the-treatment-of-sensorimotor-deficits-in-patients-with-subacute-stroke-reset-a-randomized-sham-controlled-trial
#20
Jan C Kattenstroth, Tobias Kalisch, Matthias Sczesny-Kaiser, Wolfgang Greulich, Martin Tegenthoff, Hubert R Dinse
BACKGROUND: Repetitive sensory stimulation (RSS) adapts the timing of stimulation protocols used in cellular studies to induce synaptic plasticity. In healthy subjects, RSS leads to widespread sensorimotor cortical reorganization paralleled by improved sensorimotor behavior. Here, we investigated whether RSS reduces sensorimotor upper limb impairment in patients with subacute stroke more effectively than conventional therapy. METHODS: A single-blinded sham-controlled clinical trial assessed the effectiveness of RSS in treating sensorimotor deficits of the upper limbs...
January 9, 2018: BMC Neurology
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