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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448644/with-experience-comes-wisdom
#1
Christopher Hartnick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448347/should-adults-experiencing-in-hospital-cardiac-arrest-be-intubated
#2
Dalia Sofer
A new study challenges conventional wisdom.
May 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447818/correction-to-weststrate-and-gl%C3%A3-ck-2017
#3
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Hard-earned wisdom: Exploratory processing of difficult life experience is positively associated with wisdom" by Nic M. Weststrate and Judith Glück (Developmental Psychology, 2017[Apr], Vol 53[4], 800-814). (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2017-12497-007.) Laypersons and experts believe that wisdom is cultivated through a diverse range of positive and negative life experiences. Yet, not all individuals with life experience are wise. We propose that one possible determinant of growth in wisdom from life experience is self-reflection...
April 27, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444384/e-science-technologies-in-a-workflow-for-personalized-medicine-using-cancer-screening-as-a-case-study
#4
Ola Spjuth, Andreas Karlsson, Mark Clements, Keith Humphreys, Emma Ivansson, Jim Dowling, Martin Eklund, Alexandra Jauhiainen, Kamila Czene, Henrik Grönberg, Pär Sparén, Fredrik Wiklund, Abbas Cheddad, Þorgerður Pálsdóttir, Mattias Rantalainen, Linda Abrahamsson, Erwin Laure, Jan-Eric Litton, Juni Palmgren
Objective: We provide an e-Science perspective on the workflow from risk factor discovery and classification of disease to evaluation of personalized intervention programs. As case studies, we use personalized prostate and breast cancer screenings. Materials and Methods: We describe an e-Science initiative in Sweden, e-Science for Cancer Prevention and Control (eCPC), which supports biomarker discovery and offers decision support for personalized intervention strategies...
April 21, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440595/remittances-as-aid-following-major-sudden-onset-natural-disasters
#5
Catherine Bragg, Glenn Gibson, Haleigh King, Ashley A Lefler, Faustin Ntoubandi
There is a general assumption, based on macroeconomic studies, that remittances will rise following major sudden-onset natural disasters. This is confirmed by a few assessments involving country-specific research, and usually short-term data. This study, questioning conventional wisdom, reviewed and graphed annual and quarterly remittance flows using International Monetary Fund and World Bank data from 2000-14 for 12 countries that confronted 18 major natural disasters. It found that, regardless of event type, annual remittances rose steadily from 2000-14 except for after the 2008-09 financial crisis...
April 25, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432513/the-relationship-between-statins-and-breast-cancer-prognosis-varies-by-statin-type-and-exposure-time-a-meta-analysis
#6
EDITORIAL
Binliang Liu, Zongbi Yi, Xiuwen Guan, Yi-Xin Zeng, Fei Ma
PURPOSE: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in females and the leading cause of death worldwide. The effects of statins on breast cancer prognosis have long been controversial; thus, it is important to investigate the relationship between statin type, exposure time, and breast cancer prognosis. This study sought to explore the effect of statins, as well as the different effects of statin solubility and variable follow-up times, on breast cancer prognosis. METHODS: We searched the MEDLINE (via PubMed), EMBASE (via OvidSP), Cochrane Library, and ISI Web of Knowledge databases using combinations of the terms "breast neoplasms[MeSH]," "statins" or "lipid-lowering drug," "prognosis" or "survival," or "mortality" or "outcome" with no limit on the publication date...
April 21, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429491/bringing-the-human-pancreas-into-focus-new-paradigms-for-the-understanding-of-type-1-diabetes
#7
REVIEW
N G Morgan
Type 1 diabetes affects increasingly large numbers of people globally (including at least half a million children under the age of 14 years) and it remains an illness with life-long and often devastating consequences. It is surprising, therefore, that the underlying aetiology of Type 1 diabetes remains poorly understood. This is largely because the cellular and molecular processes leading to the loss of β cells in the pancreas have rarely been studied at, or soon after, the onset of disease. Where such studies have been undertaken, a number of surprises have emerged which serve to challenge conventional wisdom...
April 20, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429300/agroecology-and-health-lessons-from-indigenous-populations
#8
REVIEW
José Suárez-Torres, José Ricardo Suárez-López, Dolores López-Paredes, Hilario Morocho, Luis Enrique Cachiguango-Cachiguango, William Dellai
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The article aims to systematize and disseminate the main contributions of indigenous ancestral wisdom in the agroecological production of food, especially in Latin America. For this purpose, it is necessary to ask whether such knowledge can be accepted by academia research groups and international forums as a valid alternative that could contribute to overcome the world's nutritional problems. RECENT FINDINGS: Although no new findings are being made, the validity of ancestral knowledge and agroecology is recognized by scientific research, and by international forums organized by agencies of the United Nations...
April 20, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420945/controversies-and-recent-developments-of-the-low-fodmap-diet
#9
Peta Hill, Jane G Muir, Peter R Gibson
The low-fermentable oligo-, di-, and monosaccharide and polyol (FODMAP) diet is a 2-phased intervention, with strict reduction of all slowly absorbed or indigestible short-chain carbohydrates (ie, FODMAPs) followed by reintroduction of specific FODMAPs according to tolerance. The efficacy of the elimination phase of the FODMAP diet is well established, but the success of maintaining this diet has been shown in only a few observational studies. How the efficacy of the low-FODMAP diet compares with that of other therapies has received limited attention, but recent studies have shown this diet to be comparable or superior to diets that address eating style and choice of food as well as to gut hypnotherapy...
January 2017: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415505/a-new-method-to-produce-macroporous-mg-phosphate-bone-growth-substitutes
#10
Elham Babaie, Boren Lin, Sarit B Bhaduri
This paper is a sequel to our previous effort in developing Mg-phosphate orthopedic cements using amorphous Mg-phosphate (AMP) as the precursor. In this paper, we report a new real-time in situ technique to create macroporous bone growth substitute (BGS). The method uses biodegradable Mg-particles as the porogen. As opposed to the conventional wisdom of providing corrosion protection layers to biodegradable Mg-alloys, the present method uses the fast corrosion kinetics of Mg to create macropores in real time during the setting of the cement...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414906/protecting-silicon-film-anodes-in-lithium-ion-batteries-using-an-atomically-thin-graphene-drape
#11
Shravan Suresh, Zi Ping Wu, Stephen F Bartolucci, Swastik Basu, Rahul Mukherjee, Tushar Gupta, Prateek Hundekar, Yunfeng Shi, Toh-Ming Lu, Nikhil Koratkar
Silicon (Si) shows promise as an anode material in lithium-ion batteries due to its very high specific capacity. However, Si is highly brittle, and in an effort to prevent Si from fracturing, the research community has migrated from the use of Si films to Si nanoparticle based electrodes. However, such a strategy significantly reduces volumetric energy density due to the porosity of Si nanoparticle electrodes. Here we show that contrary to conventional wisdom, Si films can be stabilized by two strategies: (a) anchoring the Si films to a carbon nanotube macrofilm (CNM) current collector and (b) draping the films with a graphene monolayer...
April 20, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413250/agricultural-commercialization-and-nutrition-revisited-empirical-evidence-from-three-african-countries
#12
Calogero Carletto, Paul Corral, Anita Guelfi
The transition from subsistence to commercial agriculture is key for economic growth. But what are the consequences for nutritional outcomes? The evidence to date has been scant and inconclusive. This study contributes to the debate by revisiting two prevailing wisdoms: (a) market participation by African smallholders remains low; and (b) the impact of commercialization on nutritional outcomes is generally positive. Using nationally representative data from three African countries, the analysis reveals high levels of commercialization by even the poorest and smallest landholders, with rates of market participation as high as 90%...
February 2017: Food Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413249/agricultural-input-credit-in-sub-saharan-africa-telling-myth-from-facts
#13
Serge G Adjognon, Lenis Saweda O Liverpool-Tasie, Thomas A Reardon
Recent evidence shows that many Sub-Saharan African farmers use modern inputs, but there is limited information on how these inputs are financed. We use recent nationally representative data from four countries to explore input financing and the role of credit therein. A number of our results contradict "conventional wisdom" found in the literature. Our results consistently show that traditional credit use, formal or informal, is extremely low (across credit type, country, crop and farm size categories). Instead, farmers primarily finance modern input purchases with cash from nonfarm activities and crop sales...
February 2017: Food Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413245/is-increasing-inorganic-fertilizer-use-for-maize-production-in-ssa-a-profitable-proposition-evidence-from-nigeria
#14
Lenis Saweda O Liverpool-Tasie, Bolarin T Omonona, Awa Sanou, Wale O Ogunleye
Inorganic fertilizer use across Sub-Saharan Africa is generally considered to be low. Yet, the notion that fertilizer use is too low is predicated on the assumption that it is profitable to use rates higher than currently observed. There is, however, limited empirical evidence to support this. Using a nationally representative panel dataset, this paper empirically estimates the profitability of fertilizer use for maize production in Nigeria. We find that fertilizer use in Nigeria is not as low as conventional wisdom suggests...
February 2017: Food Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413243/ten-striking-facts-about-agricultural-input-use-in-sub-saharan-africa
#15
Megan Sheahan, Christopher B Barrett
Conventional wisdom holds that Sub-Saharan African farmers use few modern inputs despite the fact that most poverty-reducing agricultural growth in the region is expected to come largely from expanded use of inputs that embody improved technologies, particularly improved seed, fertilizers and other agro-chemicals, machinery, and irrigation. Yet following several years of high food prices, concerted policy efforts to intensify fertilizer and hybrid seed use, and increased public and private investment in agriculture, how low is modern input use in Africa really? This article revisits Africa's agricultural input landscape, exploiting the unique, recently collected, nationally representative, agriculturally intensive, and cross-country comparable Living Standard Measurement Study-Integrated Surveys on Agriculture (LSMS-ISA) covering six countries in the region (Ethiopia, Malawi, Niger, Nigeria, Tanzania, and Uganda)...
February 2017: Food Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413242/agriculture-in-africa-telling-myths-from-facts-a-synthesis
#16
EDITORIAL
Luc Christiaensen
Stylized facts drive research agendas and policy debates. Yet robust stylized facts are hard to come by, and when available, often outdated. The 12 papers in this Special Issue revisit conventional wisdom on African agriculture and its farmers' livelihoods using nationally representative surveys from the Living Standards Measurement Study-Integrated Surveys on Agriculture Initiative in six African countries. At times they simply confirm our common understanding of the topic. But they also throw up a number of surprises, redirecting policy debates while fine-tuning others...
February 2017: Food Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412630/phenol-remediation-by-peroxidase-from-an-invasive-mesquite-turning-an-environmental-wound-into-wisdom
#17
Savita Singh, Ruchi Mishra, Radhey Shyam Sharma, Vandana Mishra
The present study examines mesquite (Prosopis juliflora), an invasive species, to yield peroxidase that may reduce hazards of phenolics to living organisms. As low as 0.3U of low-purity mesquite peroxidase (MPx) efficiently remove phenol and chlorophenols (90-92%) compared with Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) (40-60%). MPx shows a very high removal efficiency (40-50%) at a wide range of pH (2-9) and temperature (20-80°C), as opposed to HRP (15-20%). At a high-level of the substrate (2.4mM) and without the addition of PEG, MPx maintains a significant phenolic removal (60-≥92%) and residual activity (∼25%)...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393337/-living-with-tolerable-burden-exploring-the-ethical-self-of-nurses-who-provide-end-of-life-care
#18
Ying-Chun Liu, Yu-Lun Tai, Hsien-Hsien Chiang
BACKGROUND: Providing end-of-life (EOL) care elicits complex emotions in nurses in the context of modern medicine. Nurses must not only watch their patients succumb to disease and death but also witness their suffering. PURPOSE: This qualitative study adopted the perspective of "the other", as proposed by Emmanuel Levinas, to understand the experience of nurses who provide EOL care and the possibilities of nurses build up their ethical selves within the context of modern medicine...
April 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389863/your-best-life-ancient-toltec-wisdom-for-resilience
#19
John D Kelly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380307/how-many-u-s-high-school-students-have-a-foreign-language-reading-disability-reading-without-meaning-and-the-simple-view
#20
Richard L Sparks, Julie Luebbers
Conventional wisdom suggests that students classified as learning disabled will exhibit difficulties with foreign language (FL) learning, but evidence has not supported a relationship between FL learning problems and learning disabilities. The simple view of reading model posits that reading comprehension is the product of word decoding and language comprehension and that there are good readers and 3 types of poor readers-dyslexic, hyperlexic, and garden variety-who exhibit different profiles of strengths and/or deficits in word decoding and language comprehension...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
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