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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916514/the-wisdom-of-investigating-early-developmental-impairment
#1
EDITORIAL
Arnab Kumar Seal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905239/expression-and-distribution-of-three-transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-trpv-channel-proteins-in-human-odontoblast-like-cells
#2
Wen Wen, Kehua Que, Chengcheng Zang, Jing Wen, Guangxu Sun, Zhiying Zhao, Yanzhong Li
Odontoblasts have been suggested to contribute to nociceptive sensation in the tooth via expression of the transient receptor potential (TRP) channels. The TRP channels as a family of nonselective cation permeable channels play an important role in sensory transduction of human. In this study, we examined the expression of transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 (TRPV1), transient receptor potential vanilloid-2 (TRPV2) and transient receptor potential vanilloid-3 (TRPV3) channels in native human odontoblasts (HODs) and long-term cultured human dental pulp cells with odontoblast phenotyoe (LHOPs) obtained from healthy wisdom teeth with the use of immunohistochemistry (IHC), immunofluorescence (IF), quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR),western blotting (WB) and immunoelectron microscopy (IEM) assay...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Molecular Histology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899268/linking-the-unitary-paradigm-to-policy-through-a-synthesis-of-caring-science-and-integrative-nursing
#3
Mary S Koithan, Mary Jo Kreitzer, Jean Watson
The principles of integrative nursing and caring science align with the unitary paradigm in a way that can inform and shape nursing knowledge, patient care delivery across populations and settings, and new healthcare policy. The proposed policies may transform the healthcare system in a way that supports nursing praxis and honors the discipline's unitary paradigm. This call to action provides a distinct and hopeful vision of a healthcare system that is accessible, equitable, safe, patient-centered, and affordable...
July 2017: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899243/understanding-by-looking-through-prisms
#4
Lila Ortuno, Kristine L Florczak
The authors of this column explore the transformational journey of a nursing student pursuing a graduate degree through the prisms of ethics, aesthetics, and nursing theory. The wisdom and insights gained contribute to an ever-changing worldview of humans and living experiences.
April 2017: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895974/intergenerational-program-for-nursing-home-residents-and-adolescents-in-korea
#5
Jaehyeon Kim, Jia Lee
Structural changes in the Korean population, such as a growing trend toward nuclear families and urbanization, have given rise to a generational gap between older adults and the younger generation. The current study developed a 6-week intergenerational program to facilitate interactions between nursing home residents and high school students. The effects of the program were examined in 120 participants (60 nursing home residents and 60 high school students) in the southern area of South Korea. The intergenerational program helped nursing home residents rediscover the value of their lives, have positive feelings about their lives, and adapt to circumstances through the sustained positive interactions with the younger generation...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890445/challenging-the-conventional-wisdom-i-from-philosophy-to-bioethics-i
#6
Franklin G Miller
Philosophy is a core discipline that has contributed importantly to bioethics. In this essay, the author traces his trajectory from philosophy to bioethics, oriented around the theme of challenging the conventional wisdom. Three topics are discussed to illustrate this theme: the ethics of randomized trials, determination of death and organ transplantation, and pragmatism as a method of bioethics. In addition, the author offers some general reflections on the relationship between philosophy and bioethics. Philosophy recovers itself when it ceases to be a device for dealing with the problems of philosophers and becomes a method, cultivated by philosophers, for dealing with the problems of men...
2017: Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884005/gynecological-cancers-an-alternative-approach-to-healing
#7
REVIEW
Srdjan Saso, Benjamin P Jones, Timothy Bracewell-Milnes, Gulsen Huseyin, Deborah C Boyle, Giuseppe Del Priore, James Richard Smith
Grief and hope are two conflicting emotions that a patient recently diagnosed with cancer has to master. The real challenge for gynecologic oncologists is how to reach out. Conventional wisdom states that offering patients focus and belief when combating cancer in their lives allows them to embrace hope with greater confidence, which minimizes their grief. Three pictorial models are presented: '4-cusp approach' model used at the initial consultation; 'tapestry of bereavement or landscape of grief' model at the postsurgery consultation; and 'Venn-diagram' model at any time during patient management...
August 2017: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882809/the-user-knows-what-to-call-it-incorporating-patient-voice-through-user-contributed-tags-on-a-participatory-platform-about-health-management
#8
Annie T Chen, Rachel M Carriere, Samantha Jan Kaplan
BACKGROUND: Body listening, described as the act of paying attention to the body's signals and cues, can be an important component of long-term health management. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to introduce and evaluate the Body Listening Project, an innovative effort to engage the public in the creation of a public resource-to leverage collective wisdom in the health domain. This project involved a website where people could contribute their experiences of and dialogue with others concerning body listening and self-management...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880060/comparison-of-orthopantomography-opg-and-computed-tomography-ct-accuracy-in-predicting-inferior-alveolar-nerve-injury-following-lower-third-molar-surgical-extraction
#9
Fulvio Fusaro, Fulvia Costantinides, Michele Maglione, Domenico Dalessadri, Erica Vettori, Roberto DI Lenarda
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare OPG and CT accuracy in predicting inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) injury after lower wisdom teeth extraction. METHODS: 23 patients with completely impacted lower third molar were enrolled in this study and OPG and CT exams were obtained before surgical intervention. Finally, a total of 26 lower third molars were extracted and cases of paresthesia following a IAN lesion have been registered. Then, OPG and CT images of the same patients have been randomly submitted to four experienced oral surgeons (with a seniority of at least 5 years) who were required to predict the possibility of a IAN injury by only evaluating the radiological exams...
September 5, 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879556/we-are-operating-too-much
#10
EDITORIAL
Nicola Maffulli
With the increase of superspecialisation, there has been a recent trend for a rising number of operations for both trauma and orthopaedic ailments. This flies against the results of properly planned, well performed, adequately powered, with clinically relevant outcome measures and long enough follow-up level I studies which challenge the received wisdom that surgery is actually superior to conservative management or even supervised neglect. This editorial outlines some of these issues, and suggests that orthopaedic and trauma surgeons should actually think twice before operating on anything that comes our way...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876322/wisdom-of-the-crowds-crowd-based-development-of-a-logo-for-a-conference-using-a-crowdsourcing-contest
#11
Jason J Ong, Jade E Bilardi, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: Crowdsourcing methods have been widely used in business, but rarely in sexual health research. We evaluated a crowdsourced logo contest as part of an international human immunodeficiency virus conference. METHODS: A logo crowdsourcing contest was conducted for the 20th International Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Conference. Crowdsourcing has a group of individuals solve a task, often as part of an open contest. Semistructured interviews were conducted with key informants including contest organizers, contest contributors, and conference attendees...
June 16, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861016/thin-slice-measurement-of-wisdom
#12
Chao S Hu, Michel Ferrari, Qiandong Wang, Earl Woodruff
Objective Measurement of Wisdom within a short period of time is vital for both the public interest (e.g., understanding a presidential election) and research (e.g., testing factors that facilitate wisdom development). A measurement of emotion associated with wisdom would be especially informative; therefore, a novel Thin-Slice measurement of wisdom was developed based on the Berlin Paradigm. For about 2 min, participants imagined the lens of a camera as the eyes of their friend/teacher whom they advised about a life dilemma...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858698/insomnia-identity
#13
Kenneth L Lichstein
Insomnia identity refers to the conviction that one has insomnia, and this sleep complaint can be measured independently of sleep. Conventional wisdom predicts that sleep complaints are synchronous with poor sleep, but crossing the presence or absence of poor sleep with the presence or absence of insomnia identity reveals incongruity with expected patterns. This review of existing research on insomnia identity processes and influence finds that about one-fourth of the population are uncoupled sleepers, meaning there is an uncoupling of sleep and sleep appraisal, and daytime impairment accrues more strongly to those who endorse an insomnia identity...
August 10, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853524/-cerebral-palsy-at-the-age-of-modern-obstetrics-ancient-beliefs-versus-solid-facts
#14
Shali Mazaki-Tovi
For many decades the conventional wisdom was that the sole etiology for cerebral palsy is difficult delivery. The adverse outcome associated with cerebral palsy was intuitively related to complications during labor. The blame, unjustifiably and recklessly, was placed on devoted physicians and midwifes. This wrongful accusation, that one may describe as "scientific blood libel" is unprecedented in medicine. In his article, Professor Blickstein scrupulously revises the scientific evidence connecting birth asphyxia and cerebral palsy and refutes the common belief that the only cause for cerebral palsy is complicated delivery...
August 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846507/assessing-distance-training-how-well-does-it-produce-psychoanalytic-psychotherapists
#15
Robert M Gordon, Jing Lan
How effective is psychoanalytic/psychodynamic distance training over the Internet? To assess this, we surveyed graduates of the 2-year and 4-year programs of the China America Psychoanalytic Alliance (CAPA). The main results of the 90 graduates' surveys showed that 77% of their work involves a psychoanalytic formulation of their cases as compared to other theoretical orientations. Graduates highly rated the effectiveness of their own psychoanalytic therapy over videoconferencing (VCON). Graduates' ratings of treatment with their patients over VCON positively correlated with years of psychoanalytic education, number of days a week in own treatment, years doing psychoanalytic treatment, and degree working with a psychoanalytic orientation...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844888/an-oxidative-central-metabolism-enables-salmonella-to-utilize-microbiota-derived-succinate
#16
Luisella Spiga, Maria G Winter, Tatiane Furtado de Carvalho, Wenhan Zhu, Elizabeth R Hughes, Caroline C Gillis, Cassie L Behrendt, Jiwoong Kim, Daniela Chessa, Helene L Andrews-Polymenis, Daniel P Beiting, Renato L Santos, Lora V Hooper, Sebastian E Winter
The mucosal inflammatory response induced by Salmonella serovar Typhimurium creates a favorable niche for this gut pathogen. Conventional wisdom holds that S. Typhimurium undergoes an incomplete tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle in the anaerobic mammalian gut. One change during S. Typhimurium-induced inflammation is the production of oxidized compounds by infiltrating neutrophils. We show that inflammation-derived electron acceptors induce a complete, oxidative TCA cycle in S. Typhimurium, allowing the bacteria to compete with the microbiota for colonization...
September 13, 2017: Cell Host & Microbe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837905/interictal-epileptiform-discharge-characteristics-underlying-expert-interrater-agreement
#17
Elham Bagheri, Justin Dauwels, Brian C Dean, Chad G Waters, M Brandon Westover, Jonathan J Halford
OBJECTIVE: The presence of interictal epileptiform discharges (IED) in the electroencephalogram (EEG) is a key finding in the medical workup of a patient with suspected epilepsy. However, inter-rater agreement (IRA) regarding the presence of IED is imperfect, leading to incorrect and delayed diagnoses. An improved understanding of which IED attributes mediate expert IRA might help in developing automatic methods for IED detection able to emulate the abilities of experts. Therefore, using a set of IED scored by a large number of experts, we set out to determine which attributes of IED predict expert agreement regarding the presence of IED...
July 18, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837084/consumption-of-low-calorie-sweetened-beverages-compared-to-water-is-associated-with-reduced-intake-of-carbohydrates-and-sugar-with-no-adverse-relationships-to-glycemic-responses-results-from-the-2001-2012-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys
#18
Marge Leahy, Joseph C Ratliff, Claudia S Riedt, Victor L Fulgoni
Although the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee concluded that there was moderate evidence that substituting sugar-containing sweeteners with low-calorie sweeteners (LCS) reduces calorie intake and weight, dietary recommendations encourage substituting only water for sugar-sweetened beverages during weight management. This cross-sectional study evaluated the relation of water and no- and low-calorie sweetened beverage (LCSB) intake with nutrient intakes and prediabetes criteria using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2001-2012 in 25,817 adults that were free of diabetes...
August 24, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815466/medical-students-perceptions-of-a%C3%A2-novel-institutional-incident-reporting-system-a%C3%A2-thematic-analysis
#19
Morris Gordon, Dillan Parakh
BACKGROUND: Errors in healthcare are a major patient safety issue, with incident reporting a key solution. The incident reporting system has been integrated within a new medical curriculum, encouraging medical students to take part in this key safety process. The aim of this study was to describe the system and assess how students perceived the reporting system with regards to its role in enhancing safety. METHODS: Employing a thematic analysis, this study used interviews with medical students at the end of the first year...
August 16, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808090/the-wisdom-of-crowds-regulating-cell-function-through-condensed-states-of-living-matter
#20
REVIEW
Simon Alberti
Our understanding of cells has progressed rapidly in recent years, mainly because of technological advances. Modern technology now allows us to observe molecular processes in living cells with high spatial and temporal resolution. At the same time, we are beginning to compile the molecular parts list of cells. However, how all these parts work together to yield complex cellular behavior is still unclear. In addition, the established paradigm of molecular biology, which sees proteins as well-folded enzymes that undergo specific lock-and-key type interactions, is increasingly being challenged...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
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