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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538337/developing-a-logarithmic-chinese-reading-acuity-chart
#1
Qi-Ming Han, Lin-Juan Cong, Cong Yu, Lei Liu
PURPOSE: An individual's reading ability cannot be reliably predicted from his/her letter acuity, contrast sensitivity, and visual field extent. We developed a set of Chinese reading acuity charts (C-READ) to assess the reading ability of Chinese readers, based on the collective wisdom of previously published reading acuity charts, especially the MNRead and the Radner Reading Charts. METHODS: The C-READ consists of three charts. Each consists sixteen 12-character simplified Chinese sentences crafted from first- to third-grade textbooks...
June 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535589/water-soluble-organic-aerosols-in-indo-gangetic-plain-igp-insights-from-aerosol-mass-spectrometry
#2
Abhishek Chakraborty, Pradhi Rajeev, Prashant Rajput, Tarun Gupta
Filter samples collected during winter of 2015-16 from two polluted urban locations (Allahabad and Kanpur) residing within Indo-Gangetic plain (IGP) showed high levels of water-soluble organic aerosols (WSOA). Total organic aerosols (OA) in submicron fraction, measured at Kanpur in real time via Aerosol Mass Spectrometer also showed substantially high concentration levels. WSOA to OA contribution in Kanpur was found to be very high (around 55%) indicating significant contributions from secondary OA (SOA). On average, WSOA oxidation ratio (O/C) was found to be higher (15-20%) in Kanpur than at Allahabad...
May 19, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530416/assessment-centers-versus-cognitive-ability-tests-challenging-the-conventional-wisdom-on-criterion-related-validity
#3
Paul R Sackett, Oren R Shewach, Heidi N Keiser
Separate meta-analyses of the cognitive ability and assessment center (AC) literatures report higher criterion-related validity for cognitive ability tests in predicting job performance. We instead focus on 17 samples in which both AC and ability scores are obtained for the same examinees and used to predict the same criterion. Thus, we control for differences in job type and in criteria that may have affected prior conclusions. In contrast to Schmidt and Hunter's (1998) meta-analysis, reporting mean validity of ...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530415/the-relationship-between-cognitive-ability-saturation-and-subgroup-mean-differences-across-predictors-of-job-performance
#4
Jeffrey A Dahlke, Paul R Sackett
The authors quantify the conventional wisdom that predictors' correlations with cognitive ability are positively related to subgroup mean differences. Using meta-analytic and large-N data from diverse predictors, they found that cognitive saturation correlates .84 with predictors' artifact-corrected Black-White d values and .95 with predictors' artifact-corrected Hispanic-White d values. The authors also investigate the extent to which d values are associated with the use of assessor-based scoring and with predictor domains in which differential investment is likely to occur...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530340/-can-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-be-prevented-with-glucocorticoids
#5
REVIEW
Hagit Cohen, Zeev Kaplan, Joseph Zohar
Glucocorticoids (GCs) play a major role in orchestrating the complex physiological and behavioral reactions essential for the maintenance of homeostasis. These compounds enable the organism to prepare for, respond to and cope with the acute demands of physical and emotional stressors. The appropriate GC release, commensurate with stressor severity, enables the body to properly contain stress responses so as to promote recovery by rapidly restoring homeostasis. Indeed, inadequate GC release following stress not only delays recovery by disrupting biological homeostasis in the short run but can also interfere with the processing or interpretation of stressful information that results in long-term disruptions in memory integration...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526924/effects-of-water-ph-on-life-history-parameters-of-a-new-bosminid-cladocera-bosmina-bosmina-tripurae-korinek-saha-and-bhattachaya-1999-in-laboratory-condition
#6
Himadri Saha, K S Wisdom, Asem Lembika Devi, Da-U-Ruhi Pde, Sukham Tuni Devi, Makamguang Kamei, Anamika Biswas, Ratan K Saha, Prasenjit Pal
The effects of water pH on life history parameters of Bosmina tripurae have been studied to determine the most suitable water pH desired for the maximum growth and development of this newly discovered cladoceran species. The study was carried out under the laboratory condition at 20 ± 2°C. Five pH ranges 5.0 ± 0.2, 6.0 ± 0.2, 7.0 ± 0.2, 8.0 ± 0.2 and 9.0 ± 0.2 with six replicates for each pH consisting of one animal in each Petri dish (80 × 15 mm) were used for the study...
May 19, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525303/low-level-laser-therapy-after-wisdom-teeth-surgery-evaluation-of-immunologic-markers-secretory-immunoglobulin-a-and-lysozyme-levels-and-thermographic-examination-placebo-controlled-study
#7
Tatjana Dostalova, Veronika Kroulikova, Stepan Podzimek, Helena Jelinková
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this investigation is to analyze the effect of therapeutic low-level laser therapy (LLLT) to have a possibility to check pain and inflammation connected with surgical removal of impacted lower third molars in general anesthesia or even phobia [not accompanied by pain or fear of dental treatment, using immunologic markers-secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) and lysozyme]. The healing process was also monitored by infrared thermography. BACKGROUND DATA: LLLT can accelerate the proliferation phase of healing and decrease the inflammatory reaction, but the effect is not really clear...
May 16, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516915/equilibrium-oxygen-storage-capacity-of-ultrathin-ceo2-%C3%AE-depends-non-monotonically-on-large-biaxial-strain
#8
Chirranjeevi Balaji Gopal, Max García-Melchor, Sang Chul Lee, Yezhou Shi, Andrey Shavorskiy, Matteo Monti, Zixuan Guan, Robert Sinclair, Hendrik Bluhm, Aleksandra Vojvodic, William C Chueh
Elastic strain is being increasingly employed to enhance the catalytic properties of mixed ion-electron conducting oxides. However, its effect on oxygen storage capacity is not well established. Here, we fabricate ultrathin, coherently strained films of CeO2-δ between 5.6% biaxial compression and 2.1% tension. In situ ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy reveals up to a fourfold enhancement in equilibrium oxygen storage capacity under both compression and tension. This non-monotonic variation with strain departs from the conventional wisdom based on a chemical expansion dominated behaviour...
May 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513000/a-hit-to-current-hit-wisdom-a-century-later-it-s-time-for-a-change
#9
Francesco Rodeghiero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502739/the-hunger-games-using-hunger-to-promote-healthy-choices-in-self-control-conflicts
#10
Tracy T L Cheung, Floor M Kroese, Bob M Fennis, Denise T D De Ridder
The majority of existing research and conventional wisdom would advise against shopping on an empty stomach as hunger is assumed to encourage impulsive choices that typically lead to self-control failure (i.e., favouring short-term gratifications at the expense of long-term goals). Nonetheless, through two studies the current research aims to demonstrate that hungry consumers would not always be disadvantaged when encountering a self-control conflict involving a trade-off choice between a healthy vs. a more palatable but unhealthy choice...
May 11, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498604/post-operative-interventions-to-reduce-inflammatory-complications-after-third-molar-surgery-review-of-the-current-evidence
#11
REVIEW
Howard Cho, Anthony J Lynham, Edward Hsu
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory complications such as pain, swelling, trismus, infection and alveolar osteitis, have an adverse affect on the quality of life of patients after third molar removal. This review presents the current evidence on post-operative strategies to reduce these complications. METHODS: A literature search was performed to identify articles published in English between 2000 to 2016 using the following key words: third molar(s), wisdom tooth/teeth, pain, swelling, trismus, infection, alveolar osteitis, and dry socket...
May 12, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490500/the-wisdom-of-crowds-for-visual-search
#12
Mordechai Z Juni, Miguel P Eckstein
Decision-making accuracy typically increases through collective integration of people's judgments into group decisions, a phenomenon known as the wisdom of crowds. For simple perceptual laboratory tasks, classic signal detection theory specifies the upper limit for collective integration benefits obtained by weighted averaging of people's confidences, and simple majority voting can often approximate that limit. Life-critical perceptual decisions often involve searching large image data (e.g., medical, security, and aerial imagery), but the expected benefits and merits of using different pooling algorithms are unknown for such tasks...
May 10, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485755/socioeconomic-situation-and-growth-in-infants-and-juveniles
#13
Rebekka Mumm, Anna-Franziska Czernitzki, Dominik Bents, Martin Musalek
Background: Physical growth of children and adolescents depends on the interaction of genetic and environmental factors e.g. diet and living conditions. Aim: We aim to discuss the influence of socioeconomic situation, using income inequality and GDP per capita as indicators, on body height, body weight and the variability of height and weight in infants and juveniles. Material and methods: We re-analyzed data from 439 growth studies on height and weight published during the last 35 years. We added year- and country-matched GDP per capita (in current US$) and the Gini coefficient for each study...
May 8, 2017: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481820/a-prenatal-coparenting-intervention-with-unmarried-father-mother-dyads-fidelity-of-intervention-delivery-by-male-female-community-mentor-teams
#14
Selin Salman-Engin, Tara Little, Vikki Gaskin-Butler, James P McHale
BACKGROUND: Most prenatal preventive interventions for unmarried mothers do not integrate fathers or help the parents plan for the development of a functional coparenting alliance after the baby's arrival. Furthermore, properly trained professionals have only rarely examined the fidelity of these interventions. PURPOSE: This report examines whether experienced community interventionists (home visitors, health educators, fatherhood service personnel) with no formal couples' therapy training are capable of pairing together to deliver with adequate fidelity a manualized dyadic intervention designed for expectant unmarried mothers and fathers...
June 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475884/hematopoiesis-reconciling-historic-controversies-about-the-niche
#15
Ninib Baryawno, Nicolas Severe, David T Scadden
The niche, as first conceptualized, was in conflict with the prevailing wisdom that stem cells have internal logic. The niche hypothesis has been indisputably confirmed. Yet, recent findings indicate little plasticity of epigenetically scripted hematopoietic stem/progenitors. Reconciling this conflict requires re-envisioning the niche as an enabler, not designer, of cell fate.
May 4, 2017: Cell Stem Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473003/wisdom-across-the-ages-and-its-modern-day-relevance
#16
Leander K Mitchell, Bob G Knight, Nancy A Pachana
Wisdom is derived (in modern language terms) from the Old English words wis ("of a certainty, for certain"; "Wisdom," 2015) and dóm ("statute, judgment, jurisdiction"; "Wisdom," 2015); wisdom is, at its broadest, defined as the "Capacity of judging rightly in matters relating to life and conduct; soundness of judgement in the choice of means and ends; sometimes less strictly, sound sense, esp. in practical affairs" ("Wisdom," 2015). As a concept, wisdom has been acknowledged within our history since the time of the Sumerians (and estimated to have originated in around 2,500 BCE)...
May 5, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471214/genetic-and-environmental-sources-of-individual-differences-in-views-on-aging
#17
Anna E Kornadt, Christian Kandler
Views on aging are central psychosocial variables in the aging process, but knowledge about their determinants is still fragmental. Thus, the authors investigated the degree to which genetic and environmental factors contribute to individual differences in various domains of views on aging (wisdom, work, fitness, and family), and whether these variance components vary across ages. They analyzed data from 350 monozygotic and 322 dizygotic twin pairs from the Midlife Development in the U.S. (MIDUS) study, aged 25-74...
May 4, 2017: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468701/reflective-practice-as-a-tool-for-questioning-authority
#18
Susan A LaRocco
Reflective practice describes the cyclical interaction of learning and experience. Although the concept has been enhanced during the 20th century, the Chinese philosopher and educator Confucius indicated that wisdom is gained by reflection. Nurses can enhance their practice and gain professional satisfaction by developing the skills needed for reflective practice. Reflection can occur in the moment as well as after an event. To develop the skills needed for reflective practice, the nurse must first make a commitment to reflection...
May 1, 2017: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467243/attitudes-to-ageing-among-older-norwegian-adults-living-in-the-community
#19
Mary H Kalfoss
Attitudes toward ageing have powerful influences and impact older adults' own perception of health, quality of life and utilisation of health and social care services. This study describes attitudes to ageing among 490 Norwegian older adults living in the community who responded to The Attitudes to Ageing Questionnaire. Results showed that in spite of physical changes and psychological losses, the attitudes of older adults support life acceptance with gained wisdom in feeling that there were many pleasant things about growing older and that their identity was not defined by their age...
May 2, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466925/underscreening-in-concentrated-electrolytes
#20
Alpha A Lee, Carla S Perez-Martinez, Alexander M Smith, Susan Perkin
Screening of a surface charge by an electrolyte and the resulting interaction energy between charged objects is of fundamental importance in scenarios from bio-molecular interactions to energy storage. The conventional wisdom is that the interaction energy decays exponentially with object separation and the decay length is a decreasing function of ion concentration; the interaction is thus negligible in a concentrated electrolyte. Contrary to this conventional wisdom, we have shown by surface force measurements that the decay length is an increasing function of ion concentration and Bjerrum length for concentrated electrolytes...
May 3, 2017: Faraday Discussions
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