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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216935/-chest-compression-on-cpr-and-active-abdominal-on-cpr
#1
Lixiang Wang, Wei Song, Sisen Zhang
Chest compression cannot be effectively applied under certain situations, such as chest wall deformity, rib fracture, or hemopneumothorax. Active abdominal compression-decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation (AACD-CPR) could reach better resuscitation outcomes in certain cardiac arrest (CA) patients. AACD-CPR can strengthen the high quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in "2015 American Heart Association for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care update guide". The two methods can complement each other in opposite direction, and implement the "2016 national consensus on cardiopulmonary resuscitation on CPR in China", which is an important part of the wisdom to the Chinese CPR...
December 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216733/should-the-australian-therapeutic-goods-administration-recommend-rapid-dosing-of-lithium-carbonate-in-acute-mania
#2
Klaus Oliver Schubert, Alice Wisdom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214589/indigenous-genetics-and-rare-diseases-harmony-diversity-and-equity
#3
Gareth Baynam, Caron Molster, Alicia Bauskis, Emma Kowal, Ravi Savarirayan, Margaret Kelaher, Simon Easteal, Libby Massey, Gail Garvey, Jack Goldblatt, Nicholas Pachter, Tarun S Weeramanthri, Hugh J S Dawkins
Advances in our understanding of genetic and rare diseases are changing the face of healthcare. Crucially, the global community must implement these advances equitably to reduce health disparities, including between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples. We take an Australian perspective to illustrate some key areas that are fundamental to the equitable translation of new knowledge for the improved diagnosis of genetic and rare diseases for Indigenous people. Specifically, we focus on inequalities in access to clinical genetics services and the lack of genetic and phenomic reference data to inform diagnoses...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208028/psychosocial-effects-of-infertility-among-couples-attending-st-michael-s-hospital-jachie-pramso-in-the-ashanti-region-of-ghana
#4
Reindolf Anokye, Enoch Acheampong, Wisdom Kwadwo Mprah, Janet Opia Ope, Tee Ndele Barivure
OBJECTIVE: Infertility is a life crisis with a wide range of socio-cultural, emotional, physical and financial problems. This study sought to determine the psychosocial effects of infertility among couples attending St. Michael's hospital, Jachie-Pramso. A descriptive study design was adopted using a quantitative approach. A simple random technique was used to select 100 respondents and a structured closed ended questionnaire was administered to couples who visited the St. Michaels Hospital at Jachie-Pramso...
December 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200956/stem-cells-from-cryopreserved-human-dental-pulp-tissues-sequentially-differentiate-into-definitive-endoderm-and-hepatocyte-like-cells-in-vitro
#5
Young-Jin Han, Young-Hoon Kang, Sarath Belame Shivakumar, Dinesh Bharti, Young-Bum Son, Yong-Ho Choi, Won-Uk Park, June-Ho Byun, Gyu-Jin Rho, Bong-Wook Park
We previously described a novel tissue cryopreservation protocol to enable the safe preservation of various autologous stem cell sources. The present study characterized the stem cells derived from long-term cryopreserved dental pulp tissues (hDPSCs-cryo) and analyzed their differentiation into definitive endoderm (DE) and hepatocyte-like cells (HLCs) in vitro. Human dental pulp tissues from extracted wisdom teeth were cryopreserved as per a slow freezing tissue cryopreservation protocol for at least a year...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200533/going-to-pot-the-impact-of-dispensary-closures-on-crime
#6
Tom Chang, Mireille Jacobson
Jurisdictions that sanction medical or, more recently, recreational marijuana use often allow retail sales at dispensaries. Dispensaries are controversial as many believe they contribute to local crime. To assess this claim, we analyze the short-term mass closing of hundreds of medical marijuana dispensaries in Los Angeles. Contrary to popular wisdom, we find an immediate increase in crime around dispensaries ordered to close relative to those allowed to remain open. The increase is specific to the type of crime most plausibly deterred by bystanders, and is correlated with neighborhood walkability...
July 2017: Journal of Urban Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200040/the-wisdom-of-age
#7
Jeanine Young-Mason
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198272/paradigm-shifts-in-the-neuropsychology-of-epilepsy
#8
Bruce Hermann, David W Loring, Sarah Wilson
This article reviews the major paradigm shifts that have occurred in the area of the application of clinical and experimental neuropsychology to epilepsy and epilepsy surgery since the founding of the International Neuropsychological Society. The five paradigm shifts discussed include: 1) The neurobiology of cognitive disorders in epilepsy - expanding the landscape of syndrome-specific neuropsychological impairment; 2) pathways to comorbidities: bidirectional relationships and their clinical implications; 3) discovering quality of life: The concept, its quantification and applicability; 4) outcomes of epilepsy surgery: challenging conventional wisdom; and 5) Iatrogenic effects of treatment: cognitive and behavioral effects of antiepilepsy drugs...
October 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194464/computer-aided-biomarker-discovery-for-precision-medicine-data-resources-models-and-applications
#9
Yuxin Lin, Fuliang Qian, Li Shen, Feifei Chen, Jiajia Chen, Bairong Shen
Biomarkers are a class of measurable and evaluable indicators with the potential to predict disease initiation and progression. In contrast to disease-associated factors, biomarkers hold the promise to capture the changeable signatures of biological states. With methodological advances, computer-aided biomarker discovery has now become a burgeoning paradigm in the field of biomedical science. In recent years, the 'big data' term has accumulated for the systematical investigation of complex biological phenomena and promoted the flourishing of computational methods for systems-level biomarker screening...
November 29, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194276/modified-backward-avulsion-used-in-the-treatment-of-third-branch-primary-trigeminal-neuralgia
#10
Chao Liang, Xiao-Yu Wang, Jun Li, Min Zhang, Hong-Fei Liu
OBJECTIVE: A clinical retrospective study was performed to observe the clinical effect of a modified surgical treatment for third-branch primary trigeminal neuralgia. METHOD: Thirty patients who had suffered from neuralgia for several years underwent modified backward avulsion of the inferior alveolar nerve and were followed for 3 to 5 years. In this technique, the inferior alveolar nerve was cut off through the mandibular wisdom tooth extraction socket or the corresponding alveolar ridge window and was avulsed from the mental foramen...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188547/humor-as-wisdom-for-reframing-life
#11
Sang Uk Lee
Human beings inevitably experience anxiety but attempt to avoid facing it through various forms of self-deception. This avoidance can lead to pathological symptoms. Young and middle-aged adults may be especially susceptible to suffering from anxiety because they are often single-mindedly pursuing means of achieving security. For these and others who fail to embrace life with warm enthusiasm, humor can serve to alleviate stress. This article views humor as a characteristic disposition of older adults-their humor signifying a sense of integrity and wisdom that often accompanies the aging process...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182476/practice-wisdom-and-research-based-knowledge-never-the-twain-shall-meet
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180431/amorphous-mos3-as-the-sulfur-equivalent-cathode-material-for-room-temperature-li-s-and-na-s-batteries
#13
Hualin Ye, Lu Ma, Yu Zhou, Lu Wang, Na Han, Feipeng Zhao, Jun Deng, Tianpin Wu, Yanguang Li, Jun Lu
Many problems associated with Li-S and Na-S batteries essentially root in the generation of their soluble polysulfide intermediates. While conventional wisdom mainly focuses on trapping polysulfides at the cathode using various functional materials, few strategies are available at present to fully resolve or circumvent this long-standing issue. In this study, we propose the concept of sulfur-equivalent cathode materials, and demonstrate the great potential of amorphous MoS3 as such a material for room-temperature Li-S and Na-S batteries...
November 27, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175699/-do-it-yourself-vaccine-rejection-and-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam
#14
Katie Attwell, Paul R Ward, Samantha B Meyer, Philippa J Rokkas, Julie Leask
In this article, we elucidate a symbiotic relationship between complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and rejection of, or hesitancy towards, vaccination. In Fremantle, Western Australia, and Adelaide, South Australia, we conducted in-depth interviews from September 2013-December 2015 with 29 parents who had refused or delayed some or all of their children's vaccines. Our qualitative analysis found that for many, their do-it-yourself ethic and personal agency was enhanced by self-directed CAM use, alongside (sometimes informal) CAM practitioner instruction...
November 16, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174785/determinants-of-variation-in-pneumonia-rates-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#15
Alexander A Brescia, J Scott Rankin, Derek D Cyr, Jeffrey P Jacobs, Richard L Prager, Min Zhang, Roland A Matsouaka, Steven D Harrington, Rachel S Dokholyan, Steven F Bolling, Astrid Fishstrom, Sara K Pasquali, David M Shahian, Donald S Likosky
BACKGROUND: Although conventional wisdom suggests that differences in patient risk profiles drive variability in postoperative pneumonia rates after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), this teaching has yet to be empirically tested. We determined to what extent patient risk factors account for hospital variation in pneumonia rates. METHODS: We studied 324,085 patients undergoing CABG between July 1, 2011, and December 31, 2013, across 998 hospitals using The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Adult Cardiac Database...
November 23, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173826/effect-of-an-intervention-based-on-basic-buddhist-principles-on-the-spiritual-well-being-of-patients-with-terminal-cancer
#16
Janya Chimluang, Sureeporn Thanasilp, Lanchasak Akkayagorn, Ratchaneekorn Upasen, Noppamat Pudtong, Wilailuck Tantitrakul
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of an intervention based on basic Buddhist principles on the spiritual well-being of patients with terminal cancer. METHODS: This quasi-experimental research study had pre- and post-test control groups. The experimental group received conventional care and an intervention based on basic Buddhist principles for three consecutive days, including seven activities based on precept activities, concentration activities and wisdom activities...
December 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173138/are-emotions-abstract-or-concrete
#17
Xu Xu, Chunyan Kang, Kaia Sword, Taomei Guo
The ability to identify and communicate emotions is essential to psychological well-being. Yet research focusing exclusively on emotion concepts has been limited. This study examined nouns that represent emotions (e.g., pleasure, guilt) in comparison to nouns that represent abstract (e.g., wisdom, failure) and concrete entities (e.g., flower, coffin). Twenty-five healthy participants completed a lexical decision task. Event-related potential (ERP) data showed that emotion nouns elicited less pronounced N400 than both abstract and concrete nouns...
September 2017: Experimental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171531/teeth-as-pearls-of-wisdom
#18
G H Sperber
The role of teeth as lifestyle indicators of the past and present, and as key elements of evolutionary and forensic studies is explored. The wisdom of entrenched information in the structure of enamel, dentine and the DNA of dental pulp cells is being extracted by new technologies.
November 24, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168203/the-wisdom-of-networks-a-general-adaptation-and-learning-mechanism-of-complex-systems-the-network-core-triggers-fast-responses-to-known-stimuli-innovations-require-the-slow-network-periphery-and-are-encoded-by-core-remodeling
#19
REVIEW
Peter Csermely
I hypothesize that re-occurring prior experience of complex systems mobilizes a fast response, whose attractor is encoded by their strongly connected network core. In contrast, responses to novel stimuli are often slow and require the weakly connected network periphery. Upon repeated stimulus, peripheral network nodes remodel the network core that encodes the attractor of the new response. This "core-periphery learning" theory reviews and generalizes the heretofore fragmented knowledge on attractor formation by neural networks, periphery-driven innovation, and a number of recent reports on the adaptation of protein, neuronal, and social networks...
November 23, 2017: BioEssays: News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166669/frequency-of-five-disease-causing-genetic-mutations-in-a-large-mixed-breed-dog-population-2011-2012
#20
Sharon Zierath, Angela M Hughes, Neale Fretwell, Mark Dibley, Kari J Ekenstedt
BACKGROUND: A large and growing number of inherited genetic disease mutations are now known in the dog. Frequencies of these mutations are typically examined within the breed of discovery, possibly in related breeds, but nearly always in purebred dogs. No report to date has examined the frequencies of specific genetic disease mutations in a large population of mixed-breed dogs. Further, veterinarians and dog owners typically dismiss inherited/genetic diseases as possibilities for health problems in mixed-breed dogs, assuming hybrid vigor will guarantee that single-gene disease mutations are not a cause for concern...
2017: PloS One
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