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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474696/situation-based-contingencies-underlying-wisdom-content-manifestations-examining-intellectual-humility-in-daily-life
#1
Corinne E Zachry, Le Vy Phan, Laura E R Blackie, Eranda Jayawickreme
Objectives: Existing assessments of intellectual humility (IH)-a key component of wisdom-do not examine its manifestation in daily life while sufficiently focusing on the core idea of the construct: owning up to one's intellectual shortcomings. The present research sought to examine situational contingencies underlying daily manifestations of IH-relevant characteristics. Methods: We developed a trait version of the State-Trait IH Scale in two studies and subsequently examined daily manifestations of IH-relevant characteristics utilizing a contextualized state version of the State-Trait IH Scale in a 21-day experience sampling study...
February 21, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472661/oral-surgery-a-helpful-wisdom-tooth
#2
J Liew, A Beech
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 23, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471747/voices-of-leadership-wisdom-from-women-leaders-in-neuropsychology
#3
Cheryl H Silver, Andreana Benitez, Kira Armstrong, Chriscelyn M Tussey
OBJECTIVE: Inspired by panel discussions at various neuropsychology conferences, the aim of this paper is to share wisdom that women in neuropsychology acquired from their leadership experiences. METHOD: We identified 46 women leaders in governance and academic research through reviews of organizational websites and journal editorial boards, and requested their response to brief questions via email. Twenty-one leaders provided responses to three questions formulated by the authors...
February 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471498/-it-was-the-best-worst-day-of-my-life-narrative-content-structure-and-process-in-wisdom-fostering-life-event-memories
#4
Nic M Weststrate, Michel Ferrari, Marc A Fournier, Kate C McLean
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine laypeople's subjective understanding of their own wisdom development. To do this, autobiographical memories of wisdom-fostering life events were examined for (a) life-event characteristics, and (b) self-reflective processes believed to support growth in wisdom through life experience. Methods: Midlife adults (N = 482) provided a written autobiographical memory of a wisdom-fostering life event. Memories were content analyzed by expert coders for life-event characteristics (i...
February 20, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471393/the-severe-impairment-profile-a-conceptual-shift
#5
Jordan S Robinson, Robert L Collins, Brian I Miller, Vitor H Pacheco, Nicholas M Wisdom
Objective: The current study sought to evaluate and replicate the severe impairment profile (SIP) of the Word Memory Test (WMT) in patients referred for dementia evaluations. Method: The sample consisted of 125 patients referred for a neuropsychological evaluation at a large Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Patients were assigned a Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) by blind raters, and were classified according to their performance on performance validity testing. Subsequent chart reviews were conducted to help in more accurately determining the presence of severe memory impairment likely due to an underlying dementing process versus poor effort/task engagement...
March 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466717/is-bigger-better-driving-factors-of-potw-performance-in-new-york
#6
Brian G Rahm, Natalie Morse, Michelle Bowen, Jun Choi, Dhaval Mehta, Sridhar Vedachalam
Like many regions around the world, New York State, USA, faces challenges in meeting wastewater treatment quality standards because of aging infrastructure, limited funding, shifting demographics and increasingly stringent environmental regulations. In recent decades construction of new wastewater treatment and distribution infrastructure in NY has most often occurred in exurban communities and suburban developments that are less dense than traditional urban cores. Here, we examine the role of size and capacity utilization on wastewater treatment effectiveness with respect to critical effluent parameters, and additionally explore which common facility engineering controls influence water quality treatment using a unique dataset of descriptive information...
February 12, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465843/awareness-of-medical-fitness-to-drive-guidelines-among-occupational-physicians-and-psychiatrists
#7
M Ryan, R McFadden, E Gilvarry, R Loane, D Whelan, D O'Neill
Irrespective of national guidelines for medical fitness to drive, this study investigated the cumulative expert wisdom of clinicians regarding minimum periods of driving cessation required for patients suffering from conditions that can impair driver capability. Occupational Physicians (196) and Psychiatrists (103) completed an online questionnaire. For private motorists, the modal response for anxiety and depression favoured clinical discretion, followed by three month cessations for hypomania, acute psychosis, schizophrenia and alcohol dependence and six weeks for alcohol misuse/dependence...
December 18, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465300/with-the-end-in-mind-dying-death-and-wisdom-in-an-age-of-denial
#8
Toni C Saad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459106/building-sangha-in-the-american-healthcare-setting-for-persons-with-chronic-disease
#9
Roxane Raffin Chan, Jamie Beaulieu, Carolyn E Z Pickering
BACKGROUND: For persons with chronic disease, participation in meditation interventions can reduce anxiety, depression, and chronic disease symptoms in a dose dependent fashion. Unfortunately, information about how to support long-term participation in such an intervention is lacking. Therefore, a recent discovery of persons with chronic lung disease who have maintained a self-led meditation group for more than four years created an opportunity to analyze experiences, meanings and relationship dynamics of this community-based meditation group...
December 21, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455751/varieties-of-political-support-in-emerging-democracies-a-cross-national-analysis
#10
Gabriel Katz, Ines Levin
Political support is a multidimensional construct encompassing evaluations of political leaders and institutions (specific support) as well as adherence to basic regime principles (diffuse support). Scholars have traditionally assumed that diffuse and specific support are driven by different forces and evolve largely independently. Prior empirical work, however, has struggled to untangle the two support dimensions and focused predominantly on cross-national differences, ignoring their dynamics. This paper develops an analytical and empirical approach to examine the levels and dynamic interplay of both support dimensions and estimate their determinants, applying it to South American democracies between 1996 and 2015...
February 2018: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452416/early-and-midlife-predictors-of-wisdom-and-subjective-well-being-in-old-age
#11
Monika Ardelt, Kathryn R Gerlach, George E Vaillant
Objectives: We explored whether wisdom and well-being in old age are the result of early personality traits related to personality growth or personality adjustment, respectively, or successful human development as outlined by Erikson's stage theory and the life course paradigm. Method: Structural equation models were applied to analyze 60-year longitudinal data of 98 white male Harvard graduates born between 1915 and 1924. Different sets of judges rated the men's childhood and adolescence, early adult personality, and midlife generativity...
February 14, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451095/a-tale-of-two-campuses-lessons-learned-in-establishing-a-satellite-campus
#12
Charles Penner
"It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity." The opening line of Dickens's A Tale of Two Cities could easily be the dramatic opening line of a summary of the establishment of a satellite medical school campus in Manitoba. Reflection on my last four years as associate dean reveals that most of the descriptors in that famous sentence at one time or another were apropos. This brief essay will relate the experiences of the last four years and some of the lessons learned along the way...
February 16, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449413/hemodynamics-in-primary-mitral-regurgitation-support-for-and-challenges-to-the-conventional-wisdom
#13
EDITORIAL
Linda D Gillam, Leo Marcoff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446168/hospital-nurses-lived-experiences-of-intelligent-resilience-a-phenomenological-study
#14
Behzad Imani, Sima Mohamad Khan Kermanshahi, Zohreh Vanaki, Anoshiravan Kazemnejad Lili
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore Iranian hospital nurses' lived experiences of intelligent resilience. BACKGROUND: Nurses do high levels of emotional work when fulfilling patients' and their family members' complex needs. Intelligent resilience can alleviate nurses' stress and enhance their endurance. DESIGN: This study was based on the Husserlian descriptive phenomenology. METHODS: A purposive sample of ten hospital nurses was drawn from hospitals affiliated with Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440376/demographically-diverse-crowds-are-typically-not-much-wiser-than-homogeneous-crowds
#15
Stephanie de Oliveira, Richard E Nisbett
Averaging independent numerical judgments can be more accurate than the average individual judgment. This "wisdom of crowds" effect has been shown with large, diverse samples, but the layperson wishing to take advantage of this may only have access to the opinions of a small, more demographically homogeneous "convenience sample." How wise are homogeneous crowds relative to diverse crowds? In simulations and survey studies, we demonstrate three necessary conditions under which small socially diverse crowds can outperform socially homogeneous crowds: Social identity must predict judgment, the effect of social identity on judgment must be at least moderate in size, and the average estimates of the social groups in question must "bracket" the truth being judged...
February 9, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437879/characterizing-the-potency-and-impact-of-carbon-ion-therapy-in-a-primary-mouse-model-of-soft-tissue-sarcoma
#16
Jeremy Michael Brownstein, Amy Jordan Wisdom, Katherine D Castle, Yvonne M Mowery, Peter M Guida, Chang-Lung Lee, Francesco Tommasino, Chiara La Tessa, Emanuele Scifoni, Junheng Gao, Lixia Luo, Lorraine Da Silva Campos, Yan Ma, Nerissa Williams, Sin-Ho Jung, Marco Durante, David G Kirsch
Carbon ion therapy (CIT) offers several potential advantages for treating cancers compared with X-ray and proton radiotherapy including increased biological efficacy and more conformal dosimetry. However, CIT potency has not been characterized in primary tumor animal models. Here, we calculate the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of carbon ions compared to X-rays in an autochthonous mouse model of soft tissue sarcoma. We used Cre/loxP technology to generate primary sarcomas in KrasLSL-G12D/+; p53fl/fl mice...
February 7, 2018: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435207/supernumerary-molars-and-wisdom-tooth-shape-alterations-in-patients-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#17
Reinhard E Friedrich, Anika Reul
Objectives: The purpose of the present study was the systematic investigation of numerical and morphological aberrations of teeth in the wisdom teeth region in neurofibromatosis type 1 patients. Material and Methods: The panoramic radiographs of 179 patients were analysed for supernumerary molars and dysplastic wisdom teeth with special reference to facial tumour type. The results were compared to radiographic findings obtained in panoramic radiographs of age- and sex-matched controls...
October 2017: Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432679/hypervalent-bonding-in-the-of-a4%C3%AE-sf-a4%C3%AE-sf5-sf6-and-osf4-species
#18
Apostolos Kalemos
Hypervalency has struggled the conventional wisdom of too many chemists for so many years. Numerous theories and bonding models have been introduced but the so called "hypervalent" mystery remains. We offer a simple and appealing explanation for the bonding mechanism of OF(a4Σ-), SF(a4Σ-), SF5/SF6 and OSF4 species based solely on the fact that excited and/or ionic states of the constituent fragments may and actually do occur in the ground states of so many "every day" molecules. In particular and through multireference methods we have found that the bonding in all the studied species is ionic in nature perhaps contrary to the present status of our chemical beliefs...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432082/enhancing-meaning-when-facing-later-life-losses
#19
Janet Anderson Yang, Breanna L Wilhelmi, Krista McGlynn
OBJECTIVE: This article presents several client cases to illustrate psychotherapeutic interventions for helping older adults facing later life losses enhance their sense of meaning. METHODS: Cases are derived from the client population of a community mental health clinic which provides psychotherapy for low income, seriously mentally ill, culturally diverse older adults, many of whom experience serious medical illnesses. Over the course of 24 years in this setting, the primary author has observed various interventions which offer possibilities to provide hope and meaning for clients with severe problems...
January 29, 2018: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425324/the-development-of-wisdom-a-social-ecological-approach
#20
Heidi Igarashi, Michael R Levenson, Carolyn M Aldwin
Objectives: This study examined the development of wisdom within the context of difficult life events (DLEs), and the importance of individuals and their social environments in this process of growth. Social support has long been studied in adulthood, yet less is known about the ways social transactions can promote wisdom. Method: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with men (n = 14) and women (n = 36), ages 56-91 years (M = 71.71; SD = 8.8) who described a DLE and how they coped with it...
February 7, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
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