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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691571/-case-based-learning-based-on-cbct-software-in-clinical-teaching-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-radiology
#1
Ling Zhu, Xia Cao, Xiao-Feng Tao
PURPOSE: To compare the teaching result of case-based learning based on cone-beam CT (CBCT) software and traditional pantomography. METHODS: Thirty-eight interns (7-year programme) of grade 2011 from College of Stomatology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University were enrolled. The inner diameter of the nasopalatine ducts (A), the length of upper canine's pulp cavity (B), the length between root furcation of upper first molar and the maxillary sinus (C), the length between the root of lower wisdom tooth and the inferior alveolar nerve (D) were measured on pantomographic films and CBCT in the same case...
December 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686283/quantum-spin-liquid-in-the-semiclassical-regime
#2
Ioannis Rousochatzakis, Yuriy Sizyuk, Natalia B Perkins
Quantum spin liquids (QSLs) have been at the forefront of correlated electron research ever since their proposal in 1973, and the realization that they belong to the broader class of intrinsic topological orders. According to received wisdom, QSLs can arise in frustrated magnets with low spin S, where strong quantum fluctuations act to destabilize conventional, magnetically ordered states. Here, we present a Z2 QSL ground state that appears already in the semiclassical, large-S limit. This state has both topological and symmetry-related ground-state degeneracy, and two types of gaps, a "magnetic flux" gap that scales linearly with S and an "electric charge" gap that drops exponentially in S...
April 23, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686017/neurotransmitter-switching-coupled-to-%C3%AE-adrenergic-signaling-in-sympathetic-neurons-in-prehypertensive-states
#3
Emma N Bardsley, Harvey Davis, Keith J Buckler, David J Paterson
Single or combinatorial administration of β-blockers is a mainstay treatment strategy for conditions caused by sympathetic overactivity. Conventional wisdom suggests that the main beneficial effect of β-blockers includes resensitization and restoration of β1-adrenergic signaling pathways in the myocardium, improvements in cardiomyocyte contractility, and reversal of ventricular sensitization. However, emerging evidence indicates that another beneficial effect of β-blockers in disease may reside in sympathetic neurons...
April 23, 2018: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669894/counteracting-estimation-bias-and-social-influence-to-improve-the-wisdom-of-crowds
#4
Albert B Kao, Andrew M Berdahl, Andrew T Hartnett, Matthew J Lutz, Joseph B Bak-Coleman, Christos C Ioannou, Xingli Giam, Iain D Couzin
Aggregating multiple non-expert opinions into a collective estimate can improve accuracy across many contexts. However, two sources of error can diminish collective wisdom: individual estimation biases and information sharing between individuals. Here, we measure individual biases and social influence rules in multiple experiments involving hundreds of individuals performing a classic numerosity estimation task. We first investigate how existing aggregation methods, such as calculating the arithmetic mean or the median, are influenced by these sources of error...
April 2018: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669645/the-wisdom-of-indigenous-healers
#5
Dorene Day Waubanewquay, Dane Kaohelani Silva, Amshatar Ololodi Monroe
The wisdom of indigenous peoples is manifest in ways of knowing, seeing, and thinking that are passed down orally from generation to generation. This article takes the reader on a journey through three distinct ways of knowing, specifically as they relate to healing and health. The authors are a Midewanniquay, or Water Woman, of the Ojibway-Anishinabe people of the upper Midwest in the United States and Canada; a lomilomi healer from Hawaii; and an initiated Priest in the Yoruba tradition of West Africa. The philosophies of all three cultures emphasize the importance of spirituality to health and well-being (or healing process), but each has unique ways in which it nurtures relationship with the Creator, the earth, and humankind through sacred rituals and healing practices...
April 1, 2018: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669633/from-knowledge-to-practice-wisdom
#6
Barbara Balik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669431/-harder-and-harder-is-mainstream-pornography-becoming-increasingly-violent-and-do-viewers-prefer-violent-content
#7
Eran Shor, Kimberly Seida
It is a common notion among many scholars and pundits that the pornography industry becomes "harder and harder" with every passing year. Some have suggested that porn viewers, who are mostly men, become desensitized to "soft" pornography, and producers are happy to generate videos that are more hard core, resulting in a growing demand for and supply of violent and degrading acts against women in mainstream pornographic videos. We examined this accepted wisdom by utilizing a sample of 269 popular videos uploaded to PornHub over the past decade...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669127/defining-glioblastoma-resectability-through-the-wisdom-of-the-crowd-a-proof-of-principle-study
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667124/what-do-the-experts-know-calibration-precision-and-the-wisdom-of-crowds-among-forensic-handwriting-experts
#9
Kristy A Martire, Bethany Growns, Danielle J Navarro
Forensic handwriting examiners currently testify to the origin of questioned handwriting for legal purposes. However, forensic scientists are increasingly being encouraged to assign probabilities to their observations in the form of a likelihood ratio. This study is the first to examine whether handwriting experts are able to estimate the frequency of US handwriting features more accurately than novices. The results indicate that the absolute error for experts was lower than novices, but the size of the effect is modest, and the overall error rate even for experts is large enough as to raise questions about whether their estimates can be sufficiently trustworthy for presentation in courts...
April 17, 2018: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664739/ce-original-research-exploring-clinicians-perceptions-about-sustaining-an-evidence-based-fall-prevention-program
#10
Rebecca B Porter, Laura Cullen, Michele Farrington, Grace Matthews, Sharon Tucker
Findings from this qualitative study may help improve sustainability. ABSTRACT: Purpose: This study aimed to address the knowledge gap between implementing and sustaining evidencebased fall prevention practices for hospitalized patients by exploring perspectives of the interprofessional health care team. DESIGN: A qualitative design was used to capture insights from clinicians across disciplines in a large midwestern academic medical center. METHODS: Four homogenous semistructured focus groups and three individual interviews involving a total of 20 clinicians were conducted between October 2013 and March 2014...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663183/three-visions-of-doctoring-a-gadamerian-dialogue
#11
Benjamin Chin-Yee, Atara Messinger, L Trevor Young
Medicine in the twenty-first century faces an 'identity crisis,' as it grapples with the emergence of various 'ways of knowing,' from evidence-based and translational medicine, to narrative-based and personalized medicine. While each of these approaches has uniquely contributed to the advancement of patient care, this pluralism is not without tension. Evidence-based medicine is not necessary individualized; personalized medicine may be individualized but is not necessarily person-centered. As novel technologies and big data continue to proliferate today, the focus of medical practice is shifting away from the dialogic encounter between doctor and patient, threatening the loss of humanism that many view as integral to medicine's identity...
April 16, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661796/imaging-heart-failure-with-artificial-intelligence-improving-the-realism-of-synthetic-wisdom
#12
EDITORIAL
Sirish Shrestha, Partho P Sengupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661492/wrist-or-groin-learning-from-the-wisdom-of-the-crowd
#13
EDITORIAL
Elad Maor, Israel M Barbash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655318/simulations-of-submonolayer-xe-on-pt-111-the-case-for-a-chaotic-low-temperature-phase
#14
Anthony D Novaco, Jessica Bavaresco
Molecular dynamics simulations are reported for the structural and thermodynamic properties of submonolayer xenon adsorbed on the (111) surface of platinum for temperatures up to the (apparently incipient) triple point and beyond. While the motion of the atoms in the surface plane is treated with a standard two-dimensional molecular dynamics simulation, the model takes into consideration the thermal excitation of quantum states associated with surface-normal dynamics in an attempt to describe the apparent smoothing of the corrugation with increasing temperature...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651300/a-concise-classification-of-bencao-materia-medica
#15
REVIEW
Zhongzhen Zhao, Ping Guo, Eric Brand
Books that record the sources and applications of medicinal materials are commonly known as bencao ( materia medica ) in China. Bencao ( materia medica ) literature review is the very first step in the standard authentication procedure of Chinese medicinals. As an important part of China's cultural heritage, these various bencao ( materia medica ) texts represent centuries of accumulated wisdom in combating disease and preserving health. In this short review, bencao ( materia medica ) classics of China are broadly divided into three major categories in our routine practice: mainstream bencao ( materia medica ), thematic bencao ( materia medica ) and regional bencao ( materia medica )...
2018: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650720/academic-cardiology-and-social-media-navigating-the-wisdom-and-madness-of-the-crowd
#16
Robert W Yeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648496/the-wisdom-of-thai-indigenous-healers-for-the-spiritual-healing-of-fractures
#17
Siriratana Juntaramano, Janerawee Swangareeruk, Tanida Khunboonchan
AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore the wisdom of Thai indigenous healers (IHs) for physical and spiritual healing and their treatment process for fractures. METHOD: Twelve IHs from four regions of Thailand were selected using cluster and purposive sampling. They were interviewed on their methods for treating fractures. The Colaizzi method was used for analysis, and we returned to the IHs for validity confirmation. FINDINGS: The wisdom of IHs is believed to be inherited from ancestors and from a "sixth sense," their former teacher's spirit...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628004/the-signs-and-significance-of-personality-coherence-in-personal-stories-and-strivings
#18
Marc A Fournier, Mengxi Dong, Matthew N Quitasol, Nic M Weststrate, Stefano I Di Domenico
The concept of personality coherence refers to the extent of psychological unity and wholeness embodied within each individual. In the present research, we examined the extent to which the narrative, functional, and organismic conceptualizations of personality coherence interrelate, as well as their associations with psychological abilities and personal adjustment. College students ( N = 391) narrated accounts of three personal memories; listed five personal strivings that they subsequently compared and evaluated; completed performance measures of their intelligence, wisdom, and creativity; and rated their hedonic and eudaimonic well-being...
March 1, 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618533/truth-as-humility-nourishing-compassion-through-wisdom
#19
John L Young
Among the strengths of forensic psychiatry as a profession is its ability to support lively discussion of critical questions, such as how to characterize its own essence and whether it belongs to the practice of medicine. The American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law is fortunate that Michael Norko has taken the occasion of his presidential address to describe in depth the results of the advanced stage of his probing on a truly spiritual level the fundamental place of compassion in the practice of forensic psychiatry...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608537/role-and-value-of-the-corporate-medical-director
#20
J Brent Pawlecki, Wayne N Burton, Cherryl Christensen, K Andrew Crighton, Richard Heron, T Warner Hudson, Pamela A Hymel, David Roomes
: The role of the corporate medical director (CMD) has evolved over the last 300 years since Ramazzini first identified diseases of Italian workers in the early 1700 s. Since then, there has been a gradual blurring of the boundaries between private and workplace health concerns. Today's CMD must have intimate knowledge of their corporation's industry and the businesses that they support, particularly the occupational and environmental programs that comply with all local, state and/or national standards and regulations...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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