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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338343/nuggets-of-wisdom-salmonella-enteritidis-outbreaks-and-the-case-for-new-rules-on-uncooked-frozen-processed-chicken
#1
J Leigh Hobbs, Bryna Warshawsky, Anne Maki, Sandra Zittermann, Allana Murphy, Anna Majury, Dean Middleton
In 2014 and 2015, three Canadian Salmonella serotype Enteritidis outbreak investigations implicated uncooked, frozen, processed chicken products produced at the same establishment, namely establishment A. In November 2014, a sustained increase in the number of reported domestically acquired Salmonella Enteritidis cases in Ontario led to the first outbreak investigation, which implicated uncooked, frozen, processed chicken products produced at establishment A. In June 2015, the identification of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns that had not been previously reported in Canada led to a national Salmonella Enteritidis investigation...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338226/exploring-and-modelling-impacts-of-third-molar-experience-on-quality-of-life-a-real-time-qualitative-study-using-twitter
#2
Kamal Hanna, Paul Sambrook, Jason M Armfield, David S Brennan
OBJECTIVES: This study had two objectives: (i) to explore and model domains describing the real-time impact of third molars (TMs) on quality of life (QoL); and (ii) to assess the percentage coverage, in some generic health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) instruments, of the TM QoL domains identified in this study. METHODOLOGY: A global cross-sectional sample of tweets containing 'wisdom tooth' over a 1-week period retrieved 3,537 tweets...
March 24, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335823/the-forge-ahead-clinical-readiness-consultation-tool-a-validated-tool-to-assess-clinical-readiness-for-chronic-disease-care-mobilization-in-canada-s-first-nations
#3
Mariam Naqshbandi Hayward, Selam Mequanint, Jann Paquette-Warren, Ross Bailie, Alexandra Chirila, Roland Dyck, Michael Green, Anthony Hanley, Jordan Tompkins, Stewart Harris
BACKGROUND: Given the astounding rates of diabetes and related complications, and the barriers to providing care present in Indigenous communities in Canada, intervention strategies that take into account contextual factors such as readiness to mobilize are needed to maximize improvements and increase the likelihood of success and sustainment. As part of the national FORGE AHEAD Program, we sought to develop, test and validate a clinical readiness consultation tool aimed at assessing the readiness of clinical teams working on-reserve in First Nations communities to participate in quality improvement (QI) to enhance diabetes care in Canada...
March 23, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333530/hard-earned-wisdom-exploratory-processing-of-difficult-life-experience-is-positively-associated-with-wisdom
#4
Nic M Weststrate, Judith Glück
Laypersons and experts believe that wisdom is cultivated through a diverse range of positive and negative life experiences. Yet, not all individuals with life experience are wise. We propose that one possible determinant of growth in wisdom from life experience is self-reflection. In a life span sample of adults (N = 94) ranging from 26 to 92 years of age, we examined wisdom's relationship to self-reflection by investigating "why" people report reflecting on the past (i.e., reminiscence functions) and "how" they reflect within autobiographical memories of difficult life events (i...
April 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333499/are-applicants-more-likely-to-quit-longer-assessments-examining-the-effect-of-assessment-length-on-applicant-attrition-behavior
#5
Jay H Hardy, Carter Gibson, Matthew Sloan, Alison Carr
Conventional wisdom suggests that assessment length is positively related to the rate at which applicants opt out of the assessment phase. However, restricting assessment length can negatively impact the utility of a selection system by reducing the reliability of its construct scores and constraining coverage of the relevant criterion domain. Given the costly nature of these tradeoffs, is it better for managers to prioritize (a) shortening assessments to reduce applicant attrition rates or (b) ensuring optimal reliability and validity of their assessment scores? In the present study, we use data from 222,772 job-seekers nested within 69 selection systems to challenge the popular notion that selection system length predicts applicant attrition behavior...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332881/an-individualized-approach-to-the-evaluation-and-management-of-primary-aldosteronism
#6
Anand Vaidya, Carl D Malchoff, Richard J Auchus
OBJECTIVE: With the increased emphasis on personalized and individualized medicine, the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists Adrenal Scientific Committee has developed a series of articles to update members on personalized medicine as it applies to adrenal diseases. METHODS: Synthesis of literature review, guidelines from professional societies, and personal experience. RESULTS: Since Conn described primary aldosteronism (PA) over 60 years ago, debate has raged about the prevalence of PA in the hypertensive population, the wisdom of broadly screening for PA, and prudent approach to the evaluation and management of these patients...
March 23, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329810/wisdom-and-hard-times-the-ameliorating-effect-of-wisdom-on-the-negative-association-between-adverse-life-events-and-well-being
#7
Monika Ardelt, Dilip V Jeste
Objectives: Old age is characterized by many physical and social losses that adversely affect subjective well-being (SWB). Yet, past studies have shown that wisdom tends to be positively related to SWB in old age, particularly under adverse circumstances. We tested whether three-dimensional wisdom, measured as a combination of cognitive, reflective, and compassionate (affective) personality qualities, moderated the inverse association between adverse life events and well-being. Method: A sample of 994 adults aged 51-99 years (M = 77) from the Successful AGing Evaluation (SAGE) study and structural equation models with well-being as a latent variable were used to test the hypothesis...
October 20, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329202/myocardial-revascularization-in-patients-with-left-main-or-multivessel-coronary-artery-disease-at-high-surgical-risk-conventional-wisdom-versus-risk-prediction-model
#8
Raffaele Piccolo, Stephan Windecker, Philippe Kolh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328870/the-effect-of-early-life-experience-environment-and-genetic-factors-on-spontaneous-home-cage-aggression-related-wounding-in-male-c57bl-6-mice
#9
Brianna N Gaskill, Aurora M Stottler, Joseph P Garner, Christina W Winnicker, Guy B Mulder, Kathleen R Pritchett-Corning
Aggression is a major welfare issue in mice, particularly when mice unfamiliar to each other are first placed in cages, as happens on receipt from a vendor, and following cage cleaning. Injuries from aggression are the second leading cause of unplanned euthanasia in mice, following ulcerative dermatitis. Commonly employed strategies for reducing aggression-related injury are largely anecdotal, and may even be counterproductive. Here we report a series of experiments testing potential explanations and interventions for post-shipping aggression-related injuries in C57BL/6 mice...
March 22, 2017: Lab Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328209/multidk-a-multiple-descriptor-multiple-kernel-approach-for-molecular-discovery-and-its-application-to-the-discovery-of-organic-flow-battery-electrolytes
#10
Sung-Jin Kim, Adrián Jinich, Alán Aspuru-Guzik
We propose a multiple descriptor multiple kernel (MultiDK) method for efficient molecular discovery using machine learning. We show that the MultiDK method improves both the speed and accuracy of molecular property prediction. We apply the method to the discovery of electrolyte molecules for aqueous redox flow batteries. Using \emph{multiple-type - as opposed to single-type - descriptors}, we obtain more relevant features for machine learning. Following the principle of 'wisdom of the crowds', the combination of multiple-type descriptors significantly boosts prediction performance...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318666/cardiac-sympathetic-denervation-100years-later-jonnesco-would-have-never-believed-it
#11
Peter J Schwartz, Gaetano M De Ferrari, Luigi Pugliese
One hundred years have elapsed since Thomas Jonnesco performed the first left cardiac sympathetic denervation (LCSD) in a patient with unmanageable angina pectoris and ventricular tachyarrhythmias, and the progress in the field has surpassed imagination. Here we will review the historic basis of cardiac sympathectomy for the management of life-threatening arrhythmias and will then discuss the often forgotten critical experimental studies that provided the rationale for the amazing growth of its role in clinical management...
March 8, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316922/miracle-cells-for-natural-dentistry-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Rani Somani, Shipra Jaidka, Neeti Bajaj, Sameksha Arora
Stem cells are undifferentiated cells that can differentiate into specialized cells. Recently, enormous growth has been seen in the recognition of stem cell-based therapies, which have the potential to ameliorate the life of patients with conditions that span from Parkinson's disease to cardiac ischemia to bone or tooth loss. This research has produced new but unexplored possibilities in the regeneration of different organs and tissues. Presently, research is focused on the proficiency of stem cells and their utilization in dentistry, which is gaining interest...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316342/anticipated-emotions-about-unintended-pregnancy-in-relationship-context-are-latinas-really-happier
#13
Abigail R A Aiken, James Trussell
This study examined differences in women's anticipated emotional orientations towards unintended pregnancy by relationship status and race/ethnicity. Data from a prospective survey of 437 women aged 18-44 who intended no more children for at least two years were analyzed along with 27 in-depth interviews among a diverse sub-sample. Cohabiting women and women in a romantic relationship not living together were less likely to profess happiness (OR=0.42, p<.05, OR=0.25, p<.01, respectively), even when partners' intentions/feelings were controlled...
April 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301531/the-myopia-of-crowds-cognitive-load-and-collective-evaluation-of-answers-on-stack-exchange
#14
Keith Burghardt, Emanuel F Alsina, Michelle Girvan, William Rand, Kristina Lerman
Crowds can often make better decisions than individuals or small groups of experts by leveraging their ability to aggregate diverse information. Question answering sites, such as Stack Exchange, rely on the "wisdom of crowds" effect to identify the best answers to questions asked by users. We analyze data from 250 communities on the Stack Exchange network to pinpoint factors affecting which answers are chosen as the best answers. Our results suggest that, rather than evaluate all available answers to a question, users rely on simple cognitive heuristics to choose an answer to vote for or accept...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296885/oral-health-in-transition-the-hadza-foragers-of-tanzania
#15
Alyssa N Crittenden, John Sorrentino, Sheniz A Moonie, Mika Peterson, Audax Mabulla, Peter S Ungar
Conventional wisdom holds that a decline in oral health accompanies the transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture, given increased consumption of carbohydrates. This widely touted example of the mismatch between our biology and modern lifestyle has been intuited largely from the bioarchaeological record of the Neolithic Revolution in the New World. Recent studies of other populations have, however, challenged the universality of this assertion. Here, we present the first comprehensive study of oral health among a living population in transition from the bush to village life, the Hadza hunter-gatherers of Tanzania, to test the hypothesis that the shift from foraging to farming, or agricultural intensification, inevitably leads to increased periodontal disease, caries, and orthodontic disorders...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295696/probing-a-device-s-active-atoms
#16
Michał Studniarek, Ufuk Halisdemir, Filip Schleicher, Beata Taudul, Etienne Urbain, Samy Boukari, Marie Hervé, Charles-Henri Lambert, Abbass Hamadeh, Sebastien Petit-Watelot, Olivia Zill, Daniel Lacour, Loïc Joly, Fabrice Scheurer, Guy Schmerber, Victor Da Costa, Anant Dixit, Pierre André Guitard, Manuel Acosta, Florian Leduc, Fadi Choueikani, Edwige Otero, Wulf Wulfhekel, François Montaigne, Elmer Nahuel Monteblanco, Jacek Arabski, Philippe Ohresser, Eric Beaurepaire, Wolfgang Weber, Mébarek Alouani, Michel Hehn, Martin Bowen
Materials science and device studies have, when implemented jointly as "operando" studies, better revealed the causal link between the properties of the device's materials and its operation, with applications ranging from gas sensing to information and energy technologies. Here, as a further step that maximizes this causal link, the paper focuses on the electronic properties of those atoms that drive a device's operation by using it to read out the materials property. It is demonstrated how this method can reveal insight into the operation of a macroscale, industrial-grade microelectronic device on the atomic level...
March 13, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292307/describing-knowledge-encounters-in-healthcare-a-mixed-studies-systematic-review-and-development-of-a-classification
#17
REVIEW
Dominic Hurst, Sharon Mickan
BACKGROUND: Implementation science seeks to promote the uptake of research and other evidence-based findings into practice, but for healthcare professionals, this is complex as practice draws on, in addition to scientific principles, rules of thumb and a store of practical wisdom acquired from a range of informational and experiential sources. The aims of this review were to identify sources of information and professional experiences encountered by healthcare workers and from this to build a classification system, for use in future observational studies, that describes influences on how healthcare professionals acquire and use information in their clinical practice...
March 14, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283476/alveolar-non-selective-channels-are-asic1a-%C3%AE-enac-channels-and-contribute-to-afc
#18
Phi T Trac, Tiffany L Thai, Valerie Linck, Li Zou, Megan M Greenlee, Qiang Yue, Otor K Al-Khalili, Abdel A Alli, Amity F Eaton, Douglas C Eaton
A thin fluid layer in alveoli is normal and results from a balance of fluid entry and fluid uptake by transepithelial salt and water reabsorption. Conventional wisdom suggests the reabsorption is via epithelial Na(+) channels (ENaC), but if all Na(+) reabsorption was via ENaC, then amiloride, an ENaC inhibitor, should block AFC. But amiloride blocks only half of AFC. The reason for failure to block is clear from single channel measurements from alveolar epithelial cells: ENaC channels are observed, but another channel is present at the same frequency that is non-selective for Na(+) over K(+), has a larger conductance, and shorter open and closed times...
March 10, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279110/oxford-handbook-of-emergency-nursing-crouch-robert-charters-alan-dawood-mary-et-al-oxford-handbook-of-emergency-nursing-832pp-%C3%A2-26-99-oxford-university-press-9780199688869-0199688869-formula-see-text
#19
(no author information available yet)
Oxford handbooks are always useful, but this one is particularly good. In the nuggets of wisdom it offers from old hands to new recruits, the weight of experience comes across clearly.
March 10, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277230/computed-tomography-findings-associated-with-the-risk-for-emergency-ventral-hernia-repair
#20
Krislynn M Mueck, Julie L Holihan, Jiandi Mo, Juan R Flores-Gonzales, Tien C Ko, Lillian S Kao, Mike K Liang
BACKGROUND: Conventional wisdom teaches that small hernia defects are more likely to incarcerate. We aim to identify radiographic features of ventral hernias associated with increased risk of bowel incarceration. METHODS: We assessed all patients who underwent emergent ventral hernia repair for bowel complications from 2009 to 2015. Cases were matched 1:3 with elective controls. Computed tomography scans were reviewed to determine hernia characteristics. Univariate and multivariable analyses were performed to identify variables associated with emergent surgery...
September 30, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
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