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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080978/the-role-of-fire-in-uk-upland-management-the-need-for-informed-challenge-to-conventional-wisdoms-a-comment-on-davies-et-al-2016
#1
David J T Douglas, Graeme M Buchanan, Patrick Thompson, Jeremy D Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 19, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077847/introjective-identification-the-analytic-work-of-evocation
#2
Judy K Eekhoff
This paper focuses on a particular counter-transference process-introjective identification and the evocation it enables. Introjective identification enables evocation because it engages the analyst's radical openness to the experience of the patient at the most primordial level. The accumulated wisdom of Ferenczi and those who followed him is used to discuss the role of introjective identification in the treatment of patients with non-neurotic structures.
December 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071796/influence-of-package-visual-cues-of-sweeteners-on-the-sensory-emotional-profiles-of-their-products
#3
Wisdom Wardy, Pitchayapat Chonpracha, Napapan Chokumnoyporn, Sujinda Sriwattana, Witoon Prinyawiwatkul, Wannita Jirangrat
Substantial evidence suggests influence of color, physical state, and other extrinsic features on consumer perception and acceptability of food products. In this study, 560 subjects evaluated liking and emotional responses associated with 5 sweeteners (sucralose, stevia, saccharin, aspartame, and sucrose) under 2 eliciting conditions: control (brand name only) and informed (brand name/packet image), to assess impact of the packet color. For a given condition, 5 identical tea samples each labeled with a sweetener type were rated for sweetness and overall liking (9-point) and emotions (5-point)...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070773/challenges-and-opportunities-building-a-relationship-between-a-department-of-biomedical-engineering-and-a-medical-school
#4
EDITORIAL
Steven C George, M Elizabeth Meyerand
A department of biomedical engineering can significantly enhance the impact of their research and training programs if a productive relationship with a medical school can be established. In order to develop such a relationship, significant hurdles must be overcome. This editorial summarizes some of the major challenges and opportunities for a department of biomedical engineering as they seek to build or enhance a relationship with a medical school. The ideas were formulated by engaging the collective wisdom from the Council of Chairs of the biomedical engineering departments...
January 9, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060718/woce-a-framework-for-clustering-ensemble-by-exploiting-the-wisdom-of-crowds-theory
#5
Muhammad Yousefnezhad, Sheng-Jun Huang, Daoqiang Zhang
The wisdom of crowds (WOCs), as a theory in the social science, gets a new paradigm in computer science. The WOC theory explains that the aggregate decision made by a group is often better than those of its individual members if specific conditions are satisfied. This paper presents a novel framework for unsupervised and semisupervised cluster ensemble by exploiting the WOC theory. We employ four conditions in the WOC theory, i.e., diversity, independency, decentralization, and aggregation, to guide both constructing of individual clustering results and final combination for clustering ensemble...
January 4, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060577/wisdom-in-professional-knowledge-why-it-can-be-valuable-to-listen-to-the-voices-of-senior-psychotherapists
#6
Marit Råbu, John McLeod
OBJECTIVE: To explore the nature of professional wisdom, through learning from the experiences of a group of highly experienced senior therapists. METHOD: Twelve senior psychotherapists took part in qualitative in-depth interviews about their professional role and their views around a range of aspects of therapy theory and practice. Interview transcripts were subjected to thematic analysis. RESULTS: The analysis yielded nine wisdom themes, clustered within three domains...
January 6, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057049/combined-use-of-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research-cfir-and-the-theoretical-domains-framework-tdf-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Sarah A Birken, Byron J Powell, Justin Presseau, M Alexis Kirk, Fabiana Lorencatto, Natalie J Gould, Christopher M Shea, Bryan J Weiner, Jill J Francis, Yan Yu, Emily Haines, Laura J Damschroder
BACKGROUND: Over 60 implementation frameworks exist. Using multiple frameworks may help researchers to address multiple study purposes, levels, and degrees of theoretical heritage and operationalizability; however, using multiple frameworks may result in unnecessary complexity and redundancy if doing so does not address study needs. The Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) and the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) are both well-operationalized, multi-level implementation determinant frameworks derived from theory...
January 5, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056403/being-smart-about-writing-smart-objectives
#8
May Britt Bjerke, Ralph Renger
This article challenges the conventional wisdom in mainstream evaluation regarding the process for developing specific, measurable, attainable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART) objectives. The article notes several advantages of mainstreaming the SMART method including program capacity building and being able to independently monitor progress toward process and outcome objectives. It is argued the one size fits all approach for writing SMART objectives is misleading. The context in which the evaluation is conducted is a key deciding factor in how and when the SMART criteria should be applied...
December 23, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053888/a-glimpse-of-ayurveda-the-forgotten-history-and-principles-of-indian-traditional-medicine
#9
REVIEW
Yogini S Jaiswal, Leonard L Williams
Ayurveda is considered as one of the oldest of the traditional systems of medicine (TSMs) accepted worldwide. The ancient wisdom in this traditional system of medicine is still not exhaustively explored. The junction of the rich knowledge from different traditional systems of medicine can lead to new avenues in herbal drug discovery process. The lack of the understanding of the differences and similarities between the theoretical doctrines of these systems is the major hurdle towards their convergence apart from the other impediments in the discovery of plant based medicines...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051350/can-plant-microbiome-studies-lead-to-effective-biocontrol-of-plant-diseases
#10
Jeffrey Ellis
In this commentary I question the wisdom and efficacy of studies seeking disease attenuating microbes and microbiomes only in healthy plant communities and posit the alternative view that success in biocontrol of crop diseases may come also come from studies of microbiota, or at least individual species isolates, associated with diseased plants. In support of this view I summarise the current extensive knowledge of the biology behind what is probably the most successful biocontrol of a plant disease, namely the biocontrol of crown gall of stone fruit using non-pathogenic Rhizobium rhizogenes strain K84 (New and Kerr, 1972; Kerr, 2016) where the biocontrol agent itself came from a diseased plant...
January 4, 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046240/we-h-brc-05-catastrophic-error-metrics-for-radiation-therapy
#11
S Murphy, J Molloy
PURPOSE: Intuitive evaluation of complex radiotherapy treatments is impractical, while data transfer anomalies create the potential for catastrophic treatment delivery errors. Contrary to prevailing wisdom, logical scrutiny can be applied to patient-specific machine settings. Such tests can be automated, applied at the point of treatment delivery and can be dissociated from prior states of the treatment plan, potentially revealing errors introduced early in the process. METHODS: Analytical metrics were formulated for conventional and intensity modulated RT (IMRT) treatments...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046146/prediction-of-porcine-carcass-iodine-value-based-on-diet-composition-and-fatty-acid-intake
#12
T A Kellner, G G Gourley, S Wisdom, J F Patience
The pig industry uses a variety of fat sources (FS) and fat levels (FL) in diets to increase energy content. The objective was to investigate the impact of FS and FL on rate and efficiency of gain, apparent total tract digestibility of dietary fat, and pork fat composition and test dietary predictors of carcass iodine value (IV). A total of 1,213 pigs (PIC 280 × PIC Camborough 42; PIC, Inc., Hendersonville, TN) with an initial BW of 32.0 ± 0.4 kg were randomly allotted to 1 of 6 dietary treatments on d 0...
December 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041836/the-neurobiology-of-human-attachments
#13
REVIEW
Ruth Feldman
Attachment bonds are a defining feature of mammals. A conceptual framework on human attachments is presented, integrating insights from animal research with neuroimaging studies. Four mammalian bonds are described, including parent-infant, pair-bonds, peers, and conspecifics, all built upon systems shaped by maternal provisions during sensitive periods, and evolution from rodents to humans is detailed. Bonding is underpinned by crosstalk of oxytocin and dopamine in striatum, combining motivation and vigor with social focus, and their time sensitivity/pulsatility enables reorganization of neural networks...
December 29, 2016: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039604/socioeconomic-and-racial-disparities-a-case-control-study-of-patients-receiving-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-for-severe-aortic-stenosis
#14
Anna Sleder, Shiloh Tackett, Matthew Cerasale, Chetan Mittal, Iyad Isseh, Ryhm Radjef, Andrew Taylor, Rashad Farha, Oleksandra Lupak, Dana Larkin, Lois Lamerato, George Divine, Kimberlydawn Wisdom, Kimberly Baker-Genaw, William O'Neill
BACKGROUND: We sought to quantify socioeconomic disparities in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) at an urban, tertiary referral center. METHODS: This retrospective case-control study identified 67 patients with severe AS (aortic valve [AV] area ≤1 cm(2) or AV area index ≤0.60 cm(2)/m(2) or AV velocity ≥40 mmHg) who underwent TAVR from November 5, 2013 to June 10, 2014. Study subjects were matched to controls with severe AS without TAVR in a 4:1 age-frequency match...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031068/what-defines-mindfulness-based-programs-the-warp-and-the-weft
#15
R S Crane, J Brewer, C Feldman, J Kabat-Zinn, S Santorelli, J M G Williams, W Kuyken
There has been an explosion of interest in mindfulness-based programs (MBPs) such as Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy. This is demonstrated in increased research, implementation of MBPs in healthcare, educational, criminal justice and workplace settings, and in mainstream interest. For the sustainable development of the field there is a need to articulate a definition of what an MBP is and what it is not. This paper provides a framework to define the essential characteristics of the family of MBPs originating from the parent program MBSR, and the processes which inform adaptations of MBPs for different populations or contexts...
December 29, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030409/nurses-urged-to-prepare-for-sex-education
#16
(no author information available yet)
Editors' note: From its first issue in 1900 through to the present day, AJN has unparalleled archives detailing nurses' work and lives over more than a century. These articles not only chronicle nursing's growth as a profession within the context of the events of the day, but they also reveal prevailing societal attitudes about women, health care, and human rights. Today's nursing school curricula rarely include nursing's history, but it's a history worth knowing. To this end, From the AJN Archives highlights articles selected to fit today's topics and times...
January 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028417/a-twofold-comparison-between-dual-cure-resin-modified-cement-and-glass-ionomer-cement-for-orthodontic-band-cementation
#17
Hanaa El Attar, Omnia Elhiny, Ghada Salem, Ahmed Abdelrahman, Mazen Attia
AIM: To test the solubility of dual cure resin modified resin cement in a food simulating solution and the shear bond strength compared to conventional Glass ionomer cement. MATERIALS AND METHOD: The materials tested were self-adhesive dual cure resin modified cement and Glass Ionomer (GIC). Twenty Teflon moulds were divided into two groups of tens. The first group was injected and packed with the modified resin cement, the second group was packed with GIC. To test the solubility, each mould was weighed before and after being placed in an analytical reagent for 30 days...
December 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012887/-the-actualized-neurosurgeon-a-proposed-model-of-surgical-resident-development
#18
Nir Lipsman, Osaama Khan, Abhaya V Kulkarni
Modern neurosurgical training is both physically and emotionally demanding, posing significant challenges, new and old, to residents, as well as programs attempting to train safe, competent surgeons. Models to describe resident development, such as the ACGME competencies and milestones, address the acquisition of specific skills, but largely ignore the stresses and pressures unique to each stage of resident training. We propose an alternative model of resident development adapted from the developmental psychology literature...
December 21, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007933/wisdom-and-heart-rate
#19
Igor Grossmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999610/selected-toxic-and-essential-heavy-metals-in-impacted-teeth-and-the-surrounding-mandibular-bones-of-people-exposed-to-heavy-metals-in-the-environment
#20
Piotr Malara, Agnieszka Fischer, Beata Malara
BACKGROUND: The elemental composition of bones and teeth can allow exposure to heavy metals in the environment to be estimated. The aim of this study was to determine whether impacted mandibular teeth and the surrounding bones can be used as biomonitoring media to assess exposure to heavy metals. METHODS: The research materials were 67 impacted lower third molars and samples of the cortical bone removed when the wisdom teeth were surgically extracted. The samples were from people living in two areas with different environmental concentrations of heavy metals...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
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