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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214169/protective-misperception-prospective-study-of-weight-self-perception-and-blood-pressure-in-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity
#1
Emily S Unger, Ichiro Kawachi, Carly E Milliren, Kendrin R Sonneville, Idia B Thurston, Holly C Gooding, Tracy K Richmond
PURPOSE: Underestimating one's weight is often seen as a barrier to weight loss. However, recent research has shown that weight underperception may be beneficial, with lower future weight gain and fewer depressive symptoms. Here, we examine the relationship between adolescent weight underperception and future blood pressure. METHODS: Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we obtained a nationally representative sample of 2,463 adolescents with overweight and obesity (students in grades 8-12 in 1996)...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205161/bilateral-supplemental-maxillary-central-incisors-with-double-tooth-like-appearance
#2
R P Anthonappa, S Sudhakar, N M King
BACKGROUND: Supplemental teeth refer to extra teeth that resemble the normal tooth series. Bilateral supplemental central incisors in a healthy individual are rare and bilateral supplemental incisors with double-tooth like appearance are exceptionally rare and has not been previously reported in the dental literature. CASE REPORT: This clinical report describes an 8-year old healthy Indian boy referred for the management of delayed eruption of his permanent maxillary incisor teeth...
February 15, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202649/antioxidants-and-embryo-phenotype-is-there-experimental-evidence-for-strong-integration-of-the-antioxidant-system
#3
Cristina Daniela Possenti, Filiz Karadas, Graziano Colombo, Manuela Caprioli, Diego Rubolini, Aldo Milzani, Isabella Dalle Donne, Nicola Saino, Marco Parolini
Organisms have evolved complex defense systems against oxidative stress. Bird eggs contain maternally derived antioxidants that protect embryos from oxidative damage. The antioxidant system components are thought to be integrated, but few studies have analyzed the covariation between antioxidant concentrations, embryo 'oxidative status' and morphology. In addition, no study has tested the effects of experimental change in yolk antioxidant concentration on other antioxidants, on their reciprocal relationships and on their relationships with embryo oxidative status or growth, which are expected if antioxidants defenses are integrated...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198702/epigenetic-clock-analysis-of-diet-exercise-education-and-lifestyle-factors
#4
Austin Quach, Morgan E Levine, Toshiko Tanaka, Ake T Lu, Brian H Chen, Luigi Ferrucci, Beate Ritz, Stefania Bandinelli, Marian L Neuhouser, Jeannette M Beasley, Linda Snetselaar, Robert B Wallace, Philip S Tsao, Devin Absher, Themistocles L Assimes, James D Stewart, Yun Li, Lifang Hou, Andrea A Baccarelli, Eric A Whitsel, Steve Horvath
Behavioral and lifestyle factors have been shown to relate to a number of health-related outcomes, yet there is a need for studies that examine their relationship to molecular aging rates. Toward this end, we use recent epigenetic biomarkers of age that have previously been shown to predict all-cause mortality, chronic conditions, and age-related functional decline. We analyze cross-sectional data from 4,173 postmenopausal female participants from the Women's Health Initiative, as well as 402 male and female participants from the Italian cohort study, Invecchiare nel Chianti...
February 14, 2017: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167725/little-evidence-exists-to-support-the-expectation-that-providers-would-consolidate-to-enter-new-payment-models
#5
Hannah T Neprash, Michael E Chernew, J Michael McWilliams
Provider consolidation has been associated with higher health care prices and spending. The prevailing wisdom is that payment reform will accelerate consolidation, especially between physicians and hospitals and among physician groups, as providers position themselves to bear financial risk for the full continuum of patient care. Drawing on data from a number of sources from 2008 onward, we examined the relationship between Medicare's accountable care organization (ACO) programs and provider consolidation. We found that consolidation was under way in the period 2008-10, before the Affordable Care Act (ACA) established the ACO programs...
February 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167340/knowledge-and-power-in-policy-making-for-child-survival-in-niger
#6
Sarah L Dalglish, Daniela C Rodríguez, Abdoutan Harouna, Pamela J Surkan
Calls to enhance the use of scientific evidence in international health and development policy have increased in recent years; however, analytic frameworks for understanding evidence use focus on narrowly scientific research and were created using data and observations nearly exclusively from Western countries. We examine processes of health policy development in a case study of Niger, a low-income West African country that adopted integrated community case management of childhood illness (iCCM) beginning in 2007, resulting in measurable declines in child mortality...
January 30, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166063/eruption-pattern-of-dentition-and-its-medico-legal-significance
#7
R K Karki
Background The eruption pattern of temporary and permanent teeth are fairly constant with the growing age. So the age determination of an individual by examination of teeth is one of the accepted methods in legal system. A review of the literature shows there are differences in eruption pattern between different populations mainly due to variations in the constitutions and environment, so highlighting the importance of this study to the Nepalese population. Objective To assess the eruption age of temporary and permanent teeth in Nepalese population and compared the eruption age with other groups...
April 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151479/increase-in-the-radioresistance-of-normal-skin-fibroblasts-but-not-tumor-cells-by-mechanical-injury
#8
Zelin Chen, Xin Wang, Taotao Jin, Yu Wang, Christopher S Hong, Li Tan, Tingyu Dai, Liao Wu, Zhengping Zhuang, Chunmeng Shi
The timing of radiation after mechanical injury such as in the case of surgery is considered a clinical challenge because radiation is assumed to impair wound healing. However, the physiological responses and underlying mechanisms of this healing impairment are still unclear. Here, we show that mechanical injury occurring before ionizing radiation decreases radiation-induced cell damage and increases cell repair in normal fibroblasts but not tumor cells in vitro and in vivo. At the molecular level, mechanical injury interrupts focal adhesion complexes and cell-cell cadherin interactions, transducing mechanical signals into intracellular chemical signals via activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), Akt, and glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (GSK-3β) pathways...
February 2, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151061/adec-at-40-second-half-of-life-wisdom-for-the-future-of-death-education-and-counseling-1
#9
Louis A Gamino
The author employs a developmental model of non-profit organizations (Simon, 2001 ) to examine the history, current status and future prospects of the Association for Death Education and Counseling (ADEC) on the occasion of its 40th anniversary as a professional society. Borrowing from the work of Richard Rohr, ( 2011 ) on second half of life wisdom, the author suggests that such maturity represents the association's best pathway to consolidating its accomplishments to date and sustaining continued growth in the future...
February 2, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149223/successful-nerve-transfers-for-traumatic-brachial-plexus-palsy-in-a-septuagenarian-a-case-report
#10
Parker H Johnsen, Scott W Wolfe
Background: Conventional wisdom and the available literature demonstrate compromised outcomes following nerve reconstruction for traumatic brachial plexus palsy in the elderly. We present a 74-year-old male who was reconstructed with multiple nerve transfers for brachial plexus palsy after a ski accident. Methods: Triceps to axillary nerve transfer, spinal accessory to suprascapular nerve transfer, and ulnar to musculocutaneous nerve transfer were performed 16 weeks post injury. Results: At 11 years post-op, the patient could abduct to 65° and forward flex at M4 strength, limited only by painful glenohumeral arthritis...
December 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144974/thinking-about-the-patient-s-wishes-practical-wisdom-of-discharge-planning-nurses-in-assisting-surrogate-decision-making
#11
Yoko Kageyama, Midori Asano
BACKGROUND: The accelerating trend towards shorter hospital stays in Japan has made modes of decision-making essential for effective patient transition from the hospital to recuperation in the regional community, and the ageing of the population has brought a rise in surrogate decision-making by the families of patients lacking decision-making ('self-decision') capacity. AIM: To verbalise and elucidate the practical wisdom of discharge planning nurses by focusing on the perceptions and judgements, they apply in practice and describing their methodology in concrete terms...
January 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143568/factors-predicting-training-transfer-in-health-professionals-participating-in-quality-improvement-educational-interventions
#12
Ahmed Eid, Doris Quinn
BACKGROUND: Predictors of quality improvement (QI) training transfer are needed. This study aimed to identify these predictors among health professionals who participated in a QI training program held at a large hospital in the United States between 2005 and 2014. It also aimed to determine how these predictive factors facilitated or impeded QI training transfer. METHODS: Following the Success Case Method, we used a screening survey to identify trainees with high and low levels of training transfer...
January 31, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134444/resistance-diagnosis-and-the-changing-epidemiology-of-antibiotic-resistance
#13
David McAdams
Widespread adoption of point-of-care resistance diagnostics (POCRD) reduces ineffective antibiotic use but could increase overall antibiotic use. Indeed, in the context of a standard susceptible-infected epidemiological model with a single antibiotic, POCRD accelerates the rise of resistance in the disease-causing bacterial population. When multiple antibiotics are available, however, POCRD may slow the rise of resistance even as more patients receive antibiotic treatment, belying the conventional wisdom that antibiotics are "exhaustible resources" whose increased use necessarily promotes the rise of resistance...
January 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131160/wisdom-from-a-chair-thirty-years-of-quadriplegia-a-memoir-by-andrew-i-batavia-and-mitchell-batavia
#14
Ruth W Brannon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130475/breast-cancer-screening-in-the-precision-medicine-era-risk-based-screening-in-a-population-based-trial
#15
REVIEW
Yiwey Shieh, Martin Eklund, Lisa Madlensky, Sarah D Sawyer, Carlie K Thompson, Allison Stover Fiscalini, Elad Ziv, Laura J Van't Veer, Laura J Esserman, Jeffrey A Tice
Ongoing controversy over the optimal approach to breast cancer screening has led to discordant professional society recommendations, particularly in women age 40 to 49 years. One potential solution is risk-based screening, where decisions around the starting age, stopping age, frequency, and modality of screening are based on individual risk to maximize the early detection of aggressive cancers and minimize the harms of screening through optimal resource utilization. We present a novel approach to risk-based screening that integrates clinical risk factors, breast density, a polygenic risk score representing the cumulative effects of genetic variants, and sequencing for moderate- and high-penetrance germline mutations...
January 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129016/grandparent-power-wisdom-experience-and-perspective-an-intergenerational-mental-health-resource
#16
Michelle Cleary, Christine Handley, Rachel Kornhaber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128245/a-solution-to-the-single-question-crowd-wisdom-problem
#17
Dražen Prelec, H Sebastian Seung, John McCoy
Once considered provocative, the notion that the wisdom of the crowd is superior to any individual has become itself a piece of crowd wisdom, leading to speculation that online voting may soon put credentialed experts out of business. Recent applications include political and economic forecasting, evaluating nuclear safety, public policy, the quality of chemical probes, and possible responses to a restless volcano. Algorithms for extracting wisdom from the crowd are typically based on a democratic voting procedure...
January 25, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126114/the-new-income-inequality-and-well-being-paradigm-inequality-has-no-effect-on-happiness-in-rich-nations-and-normal-times-varied-effects-in-extraordinary-circumstances-increases-happiness-in-poor-nations-and-interacts-with-individuals-perceptions-attitudes-politics
#18
Jonathan Kelley, M D R Evans
Based on earlier, mainly aggregate analyses, conventional wisdom previously held that income inequality reduces happiness. But aggregate models consistently yield misleading results in this domain, substantially because of intractable problems of sample size, confounding omitted variables, and conditional effects differing between poor developing nations, rich advanced nations, and nations in transition from Communism. Based on more recent evidence, scholarly views are beginning to merge on a consensus that national income inequality is irrelevant to individuals' subjective well-being in advanced nations and normal times, as shown by multi-level models with appropriate controls (including socioeconomic development, an engine of happiness and foe of inequality)...
February 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120941/persistence-of-strong-and-switchable-ferroelectricity-despite-vacancies
#19
Aldo Raeliarijaona, Huaxiang Fu
Vacancies play a pivotal role in affecting ferroelectric polarization and switching properties, and there is a possibility that ferroelectricity may be utterly eliminated when defects render the system metallic. However, sufficient quantitative understandings of the subject have been lacking for decades due to the fact that vacancies in ferroelectrics are often charged and polarization in charged systems is not translationally invariant. Here we perform first-principles studies to investigate the influence of vacancies on ferroelectric polarization and polarization switching in prototypical BaTiO3 of tetragonal symmetry...
January 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119018/reconsolidation-and-extinction-using-epigenetic-signatures-to-challenge-conventional-wisdom
#20
Thekla J Hemstedt, K Matthew Lattal, Marcelo A Wood
Epigenetic mechanisms have the potential to give rise to lasting changes in cell function that ultimately can affect behavior persistently. This concept is especially interesting with respect to fear reconsolidation and fear memory extinction. These two behavioral approaches are used in the laboratory to investigate how fear memory can be attenuated, which becomes important when searching for therapeutic intervention to treat anxiety disorders and post-traumatic stress disorder. Here we review the role of several key epigenetic mechanisms in reconsolidation and extinction of learned fear and their potential to persistently alter behavioral responses to conditioned cues...
January 21, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
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