keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Wisdom

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912741/impact-of-a-school-based-intervention-on-nutritional-education-and-physical-activity-in-primary-public-schools-in-chile-kind-programme-study-protocol-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Nelly Bustos, Sonia Olivares, Bárbara Leyton, Marcelo Cano, Cecilia Albala
BACKGROUND: Chile has suffered a fast increase in childhood obesity in the last 10 years. As a result, several school programmes have been implemented, however the effectiveness of these needs to be evaluated to identify and prioritize strategies to curve this trend. METHODS: Cluster randomized controlled trial. Twelve primary public schools chosen at random over three regions of the country will take part in this study. The sample size consisted of a total of 1,655 children...
December 3, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911527/unraveling-the-anomalous-grain-size-dependence-of-cavitation
#2
J W Wilkerson, K T Ramesh
Experimental studies have identified an anomalous grain size dependence associated with the critical tensile pressure that a metal may sustain before catastrophic failure by cavitation processes. Here we derive the first quantitative theory (and its associated closed-form solution) capable of explaining this phenomena. The theory agrees well with experimental measurements and atomistic calculations over a very wide range of conditions. Utilizing this theory, we are able to map out three distinct regimes in which the critical tensile pressure for cavitation failure (i) increases with decreasing grain size in accordance with conventional wisdom, (ii) nonintuitively decreases with decreasing grain size, and (iii) is independent of grain size...
November 18, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908654/alcohol-and-cannabis-comparing-their-adverse-health-effects-and-regulatory-regimes
#3
Wayne Hall
The claim that the adverse health effects of cannabis are much less serious than those of alcohol has been central to the case for cannabis legalisation. Regulators in US states that have legalised cannabis have adopted regulatory models based on alcohol. This paper critically examines the claim about adverse health effects and the wisdom of regulating cannabis like alcohol. First, it compares what we know about the adverse health effects of alcohol and cannabis. Second, it discusses the uncertainties about the long term health effects of sustained daily cannabis use...
November 28, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905589/hydrogen-bond-dynamics-at-the-bio-water-interface-in-hydrated-proteins-a-molecular-dynamics-study
#4
Prithwish K Nandi, Niall J English, Zdenek Futera, Antonio Benedetto
Water is fundamental to the biochemistry of enzymes. It is well known that without a minimum amount of water, enzymes are not biologically active. Bare minimal solvation for biological function corresponds to about a single layer of water covering enzymes' surfaces. Many contradictory studies on protein-hydration-water-coupled dynamics have been published in recent decades. Following prevailing wisdom, a dynamical crossover in hydration water (at around 220 K for hydrated lysozymes) can trigger larger-amplitude motions of the protein, activating, in turn, biological functions...
December 1, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901119/how-does-the-spin-state-of-co-ions-affect-the-insulator-metal-transition-in-bi2a2co2o8-a%C3%A2-%C3%A2-ca-sr-ba
#5
Xiaokun Huang, Weiyi Zhang
The misfit layered Bi2A2Co2O8 (A = Ca, Sr, Ba) compounds experience an insulator to metal transition as A's ionic radius increases. This feature is contradictory to the conventional wisdom that larger lattice constant favors insulating rather than metallic state, and is also difficult to be reconciled using the Anderson weak localization theory. In this paper, we show from the first-principles calculation that an insulator-metal transition takes place from a nonmagnetic low-spin state of Co(3+) ions to a hexagonally arranged intermediate-spin low-spin mixed-state in CoO2 plane when ionic radius increases from Ca to Ba...
November 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895604/virtue-existential-career-model-a-dialectic-and-integrative-approach-echoing-eastern-philosophy
#6
Shu-Hui Liu, Jui-Ping Hung, Hsin-I Peng, Chia-Hui Chang, Yi-Jen Lu
Our Virtue Existential Career (VEC) model aims at complementing western modernism and postmodernism career theories with eastern philosophy. With dialectical philosophy and virtue-practice derived from the Classic of Changes, the VEC theoretical foundation incorporates merits from Holland typology, Minnesota Theory of Work Adjustment, Social Cognitive Career Theory, Meaning Therapy, Narrative Approach Career Counseling, and Happenstance Learning Theory. While modernism considers a matched job as an ideal career vision and prefers rational strategies (controlling and realizing) to achieve job security; postmodernism prefers appreciating and adapting strategies toward openness and appreciates multiple possible selves and occupations, our model pursues a blending of security and openness via controlling-and-realizing and appreciating-and-adapting interwoven with each other in a dialectical and harmonious way...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894343/post-marketing-withdrawal-of-anti-obesity-medicinal-products-because-of-adverse-drug-reactions-a-systematic-review
#7
Igho J Onakpoya, Carl J Heneghan, Jeffrey K Aronson
BACKGROUND: We identified anti-obesity medications withdrawn since 1950 because of adverse drug reactions after regulatory approval, and examined the evidence used to support such withdrawals, investigated the mechanisms of the adverse reactions, and explored the trends over time. METHODS: We conducted searches in PubMed, the World Health Organization database of drugs, the websites of drug regulatory authorities, and selected full texts, and we hand searched references in retrieved documents...
November 29, 2016: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888430/radiation-exposure-in-diagnostic-imaging-wisdom-and-prudence-but-still-a-lot-to-understand
#8
Paolo Tomà, Vittorio Cannatà, Elisabetta Genovese, Andrea Magistrelli, Claudio Granata
Since 2000, a series of scientific articles on CT have been raising increasing concern about the risk of radiation induced cancer in children. The alarming conclusions of some of these articles had international echo through global media, provoking widespread public concern. Actually, many of these alarming scientific publications appeared to be flawed by poor study design, but their conclusions were not openly contradicted. In US and Europe pediatric radiologists had to face a huge challenge, which brought to the Image Gently campaign and the Eurosafe initiative with the aim to rebut misinformation and to support medical radiation protection...
November 25, 2016: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887904/a-new-integrated-symmetrical-table-for-genetic-codes
#9
Jian-Jun Shu
Degeneracy is a salient feature of genetic codes, because there are more codons than amino acids. The conventional table for genetic codes suffers from an inability of illustrating a symmetrical nature among genetic base codes. In fact, because the conventional wisdom avoids the question, there is little agreement as to whether the symmetrical nature actually even exists. A better understanding of symmetry and an appreciation for its essential role in the genetic code formation can improve our understanding of nature's coding processes...
November 23, 2016: Bio Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886457/serenity-courage-and-wisdom-the-keys-to-successful-coronary-calcification-treatment
#10
EDITORIAL
Barbara Anna Danek, Emmanouil S Brilakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879112/machine-learning-of-swimming-data-via-wisdom-of-crowd-and-regression-analysis
#11
Jiang Xie, Junfu Xu, Celine Nie, Qing Nie
Every performance, in an officially sanctioned meet, by a registered USA swimmer is recorded into an online database with times dating back to 1980. For the first time, statistical analysis and machine learning methods are systematically applied to 4,022,631 swim records. In this study, we investigate performance features for all strokes as a function of age and gender. The variances in performance of males and females for different ages and strokes were studied, and the correlations of performances for different ages were estimated using the Pearson correlation...
April 1, 2017: Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering: MBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877076/cardiomyogenic-differentiation-of-human-dental-follicle-derived-stem-cells-by-suberoylanilide-hydroxamic-acid-and-their-in-vivo-homing-property
#12
Iel-Yong Sung, Han-Na Son, Imran Ullah, Dinesh Bharti, Ju-Mi Park, Yeong-Cheol Cho, June-Ho Byun, Young-Hoon Kang, Su-Jin Sung, Jong-Woo Kim, Gyu-Jin Rho, Bong-Wook Park
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the in vitro cardiomyogenic differentiation potential of human dental follicle-derived stem cells (DFCs) under the influence of suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), a member of the histone deacetylase inhibitor family, and analyze the in vivo homing capacity of induced cardiomyocytes (iCMs) when transplanted systemically. DFCs from extracted wisdom teeth showed mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) characteristics such as plate adherent growing, expression of MSC markers (CD44, CD90, and CD105), and mesenchymal lineage-specific differentiation potential...
2016: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873413/six-degrees-of-separation-the-small-world-of-medical-education
#13
Wolf E Hautz, Gert Krummrey, Aristomenis Exadaktylos, Stefanie C Hautz
CONTEXT: Conventional wisdom has it that everyone on earth is on average only six steps away from knowing any other person through 'a friend of a friend'. On a local level, however, many people experience that most of their acquaintances know each other. It is thus hard to imagine how such a highly clustered group could be so well connected to the rest of the world. In this paper, we investigate how co-authorship connects scholars in medical education and whether the six degrees of separation hypothesis also applies to the network of authors in the field...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870074/from-knowledge-to-wisdom-science-and-the-good-life
#14
Steve Paulson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870073/from-knowledge-to-wisdom-science-and-the-good-life
#15
Richard Rass
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869050/wisdom-and-the-path-dependent-politics-of-biomedical-research
#16
Dragos Simandan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853921/culture-medicine-psychiatry-and-wisdom-honoring-arthur-kleinman
#17
EDITORIAL
Atwood D Gaines
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853292/toward-an-understanding-of-wisdom-in-nursing
#18
Susan A Matney, Kay Avant, Nancy Staggers
As nurses, we seek to better understand how to gain nursing ‘wisdom’ and apply this wisdom in our daily practice. Yet the concept and experience of ‘wisdom in nursing practice’ has not been well defined. This article addresses wisdom-in-action for nursing practice. We briefly describe nursing theory, review the wisdom literature as presented in various disciplines, and identify characteristics of wisdom by analyzing four models of wisdom from other disciplines. We also present the ten antecedents of wisdom and the ten characteristics of wisdom identified in our analysis of the wisdom literature, discuss and summarize these antecedents, and conclude that understanding these ten antecedents and the ten characteristics of wisdom-in-action can both help nurses demonstrate wisdom as they provide nursing care and teach new nurses the process of becoming wise in nursing practice...
October 30, 2015: Online Journal of Issues in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843493/recognizing-chemicals-in-patents-a-comparative-analysis
#19
Maryam Habibi, David Luis Wiegandt, Florian Schmedding, Ulf Leser
Recently, methods for Chemical Named Entity Recognition (NER) have gained substantial interest, driven by the need for automatically analyzing todays ever growing collections of biomedical text. Chemical NER for patents is particularly essential due to the high economic importance of pharmaceutical findings. However, NER on patents has essentially been neglected by the research community for long, mostly because of the lack of enough annotated corpora. A recent international competition specifically targeted this task, but evaluated tools only on gold standard patent abstracts instead of full patents; furthermore, results from such competitions are often difficult to extrapolate to real-life settings due to the relatively high homogeneity of training and test data...
2016: Journal of Cheminformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836161/violence-by-parents-against-their-children-reporting-of-maltreatment-suspicions-child-protection-and-risk-in-mental-illness
#20
REVIEW
Miranda McEwan, Susan Hatters Friedman
Psychiatrists are mandated to report suspicions of child abuse in America. Potential for harm to children should be considered when one is treating parents who are at risk. Although it is the commonly held wisdom that mental illness itself is a major risk factor for child abuse, there are methodologic issues with studies purporting to demonstrate this. Rather, the risk from an individual parent must be considered. Substance abuse and personality disorder pose a separate risk than serious mental illness. Violence risk from mental illness is dynamic, rather than static...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
keyword
keyword
77235
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"