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Psychological Evaluation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913434/factors-influencing-child-protection-professionals-decision-making-and-multidisciplinary-collaboration-in-suspected-abusive-head-trauma-cases-a-qualitative-study
#1
Laura E Cowley, Sabine Maguire, Daniel M Farewell, Harriet D Quinn-Scoggins, Matthew O Flynn, Alison M Kemp
Clinicians face unique challenges when assessing suspected child abuse cases. The majority of the literature exploring diagnostic decision-making in this field is anecdotal or survey-based and there is a lack of studies exploring decision-making around suspected abusive head trauma (AHT). We aimed to determine factors influencing decision-making and multidisciplinary collaboration in suspected AHT cases, amongst 56 child protection professionals. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with clinicians (25), child protection social workers (10), legal practitioners (9, including 4 judges), police officers (8), and pathologists (4), purposively sampled across southwest United Kingdom...
June 15, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913052/measure-of-processes-of-care-mpoc-translation-and-validation-for-use-in-korea
#2
M An, J G Kim, J Kim
BACKGROUND: The measure of processes of care (MPOC) is a widely used instrument to assess parents' perception of the extent to which healthcare services they and their child receive are family centred. The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of the Korean translation of the MPOC (Korean MPOC). METHODS: The Korean MPOC was completed by 198 parents of children receiving rehabilitation services in five provinces in South Korea. According to the Canadian validation procedures, analyses for internal consistency, construct and concurrent validity, and test-retest reliability were performed...
July 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912312/aesthetic-perceptions-and-psychosocial-impact-of-malocclusion-comparison-between-cleft-and-non-cleft-patients-and-their-parents
#3
Sreevatsan Raghavan, Koshi Philip, Puneet Batra, Agneta Marcusson
Objective: To evaluate the influence of dentofacial attractiveness using the 'Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire' (PIDAQ), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) and Aesthetic Component (AC) of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) in patients with cleft lip/palate (CLP), and non-cleft orthodontic patients (Non-CLP) and their parents. Materials and methods: Eighty patients (aged 11-19 years) comprising 40 CLP and 40 non-CLP were administered the PIDAQ and SWLS questionnaires to be rated individually by the patients, along with IOTN-AC rated by the patients and their parents, respectively...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911752/immediate-breast-reconstruction-comparative-outcome-study-of-one-stage-direct-to-implant-and-two-stage-tissue-expander-techniques
#4
Sagit Meshulam-Derazon, Tamir Shay, Sivan Lewis, Neta Adler
BACKGROUND: One-stage direct-to-implant post-mastectomy breast reconstruction has been gaining popularity over the traditional two-stage/tissue-expander approach. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the outcome of the two post-mastectomy breast reconstruction procedures in terms of patient satisfaction. METHODS: Clinical data were collected by file review for patients who underwent mastectomy with immediate breast reconstruction at two tertiary medical centers in 2010-2013...
June 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911478/investigating-the-complex-relationship-between-intimate-partner-violence-victimization-and-perpetration-among-system-involved-women-in-heterosexual-relationships-an-exploratory-analysis
#5
Cynthia Fraga Rizo, Jennifer O'Brien, Christopher Wretman, Ashley Givens, Kirsten Kainz, Brittney Chesworth
Research indicates women who perpetrate intimate partner violence (IPV) experience both more frequent and more severe IPV victimization. However, the IPV field needs additional research to understand the complex relationship between various forms of IPV victimization (e.g., psychological, physical, sexual) and IPV perpetration by women. In particular, the field needs a better understanding of the unique interplay of various forms of IPV victimization and perpetration among female system-involved survivors (i...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911407/when-the-party-decides-the-effects-of-facial-competence-and-dominance-on-internal-nominations-of-political-candidates
#6
Lasse Laustsen, Michael Bang Petersen
The facial traits and appearance of political candidates have been found to predict election outcomes across countries with different electoral systems and institutions. Research over the last decade has provided two different versions of this overall conclusion. First and most thoroughly studied, candidates who from their mere faces are evaluated as more competent get more votes on Election Day. Second, recent research finds that the ideological leanings of candidates and the voters they cater to also matter: Right-wing and conservative candidates receive more votes if they look more dominant, while liberal candidates lose votes when looking dominant and masculine...
April 2018: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910755/promoting-well-being-in-old-age-the-psychological-benefits-of-two-training-programs-of-adapted-physical-activity
#7
Antonella Delle Fave, Marta Bassi, Elena S Boccaletti, Carlotta Roncaglione, Giuseppina Bernardelli, Daniela Mari
In the last few decades, the relationship between physical conditions and mental health has increasingly attracted the interest of researchers and professionals across disciplines. This relationship is especially relevant in old age, as the challenges posed by aging at various levels represent crucial concerns for policy makers. Due to the remarkable increase in life expectancy across countries, sustainable prevention strategies are needed to help individuals preserve psychophysical well-being in old age. In particular, the regular practice of a moderately intense physical activity is recommended by the World Health Organization to enhance balance, prevent falls, strengthen muscles, and promote psychophysical well-being...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910414/athlete-self-report-measure-use-and-associated-psychological-alterations
#8
Anna E Saw, Luana C Main, Sam Robertson, Paul B Gastin
The experience of athletes and practitioners has led to the suggestion that use of an athlete self-report measure (ASRM) may increase an athlete's self-awareness, satisfaction, motivation, and confidence. This study sought to provide empirical evidence for this assertion by evaluating psychological alterations associated with ASRM use across a diverse athlete population. Athletes ( n = 335) had access to an ASRM for 16 weeks and completed an online survey at baseline, and weeks 4, 8, and 16. Generalized estimating equations were used to evaluate the associations between ASRM compliance and outcome measures...
July 26, 2017: Sports (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909738/relationships-between-hoffman-reflex-parameters-trait-stress-and-athletic-performance
#9
Rasool Bagheri, Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi, Rozita Hedayati, Ziaeddin Safavi-Farokhi, Atefeh Aminian-Far, Sadegh Tavakoli, Jafar Bagheri
This study evaluated the relationships between trait stress, Hoffman reflex, and performance among 36 healthy amateur male athletes. We first obtained a trait stress questionnaire from participants and then assigned them to high- and low-stress groups. We next recorded Hoffman reflex data from the soleus and lateral gastrocnemius muscles and then examined their athletic performance on testing protocols separated by a 72-hour washout period. Performance testing utilized vertical jump height, 20 -m sprint time, and standing stork tests...
January 1, 2018: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909497/a-retrospective-chart-review-of-children-with-asd-s-individual-education-plans-compared-to-subsequent-independent-psychological-evaluations
#10
Nicholas W Gelbar, Mary Beth Bruder, Emily DeBiase, John D Molteni
The heterogeneity of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) makes it difficult for school-based professionals to develop effective Individual Education Plans (IEP) for this group. Limited research exists on the quality of IEP programs for individuals with ASD. This article summarizes the results of a retrospective chart review from an outpatient diagnostic center. Researchers collected data from IEPs and subsequent psychological evaluations of 75 individuals diagnosed with ASD. The implications of these results for future research and practice are discussed...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909302/affective-styles-in-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-clinical-validation-of-the-affective-style-questionnaire-asq
#11
Christina Totzeck, Tobias Teismann, Stefan G Hofmann, Ruth von Brachel, Xiao Chi Zhang, Verena Pflug, Jürgen Margraf
BACKGROUND: Emotion regulation plays a critical role in the development and maintenance of psychological disorders. Less is known about the association of affective styles and psychopathology. The 20-item "Affective Style Questionnaire" (ASQ) has been validated in nonclinical samples. The American and German validation studies resulted in a three-factor structure (concealing, adjusting, and tolerating). The present study aimed to investigate three aspects: (1) the validation of the ASQ within a clinical sample, (2) the examination of possible differences in affective styles between patients suffering from affective versus anxiety disorders, and (3) the association of affective styles and anxiety, depression, and stress symptoms...
June 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909128/prevalence-of-childhood-mental-disorders-in-overweight-and-obese-spanish-children-identifying-loss-of-control-eating
#12
Ana R Sepúlveda, Santos Solano, Miriam Blanco, Tatiana Lacruz, Montserrat Graell
The aim was to examine the prevalence of childhood mental disorders in overweight/obese pediatric sample and also to explore the relationship between these pathologies and loss of control eating (LOC). Another aim was to assess the association between psychopathology and severity of obesity. A total of 170 children from different Health Centers were evaluated (84 girls and 86 boys; aged 8 to 12 years). Childhood psychological problems were assessed through a standardized diagnostic interview schedule (K-SADS-R) and by questionnaires (STAIC for anxiety, CDI for depression and ChEAT for disordered eating)...
June 8, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908875/managing-aesthetic-referrals-in-nhs-scotland-outcomes-from-1122-patients-in-the-east-of-scotland
#13
Abdulla Ibrahim, Mahmoud K Nassar, Daniel J Jordan, Manish Sinha, Fiona J Hogg
The Adult Exceptional Aesthetic Referral Protocol (AEARP) encompasses a series of aesthetic procedures which, as they do not treat an underlying disease process, are not routinely available within the National Health Service. Provision of these services can only be provided on an exceptional basis. In this prospective study, we evaluated the referral process and outcomes of 1122 patients referred under the AEARP over a 3.5-year period. Referrals were screened by a vetting panel comprising of a plastic surgeon, clinical nurse specialist, and clinical psychologist...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908718/effects-of-cognitive-and-motor-rehabilitation-in-non-convulsive-status-epilepticus-a-case-report
#14
Francesco Corallo, Viviana Lo Buono, Marcella Di Cara, Simona De Salvo, Giuliana Vermiglio, Patrizia Pollicino, Placido Bramanti, Silvia Marino, Carmela Rifici
Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent and unpredictable interruptions of normal brain function, that implies neurobiologic, psychological, and social consequences. Non-convulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) is an electro-clinical state associated to altered level of consciousness. In NCSE could occur the behavioural and emotional disorder, cognitive impairment and psychiatric disorder with a negative impact on quality of life and adaptive social behaviours. Cognitive rehabilitation for epileptic patients may include internal compensation strategies, external memory aids, psychoeducation, verbal and visual memory training, attention exercise and executive functions...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908483/sex-differences-in-nicotine-dependency-and-depressive-tendency-among-smokers
#15
Maki Komiyama, Hajime Yamakage, Noriko Satoh-Asahara, Yuka Ozaki, Tatsuya Morimoto, Akira Shimatsu, Yuko Takahashi, Koji Hasegawa
Depressive tendency and nicotine dependency are factors related to the failure of smoking cessation. Women generally have a higher depressive tendency and difficulty in smoking cessation than men. However, the impact of sex differences on the relationship between nicotine dependency and depressive tendency remains unclear. We evaluated 727 patients (496 men and 231 women) who visited our outpatient clinic for smoking cessation therapy and compared various parameters measured between sexes during consultation...
June 9, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908336/positive-reinforcement-targeting-abstinence-in-substance-misuse-praise-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-rct-process-evaluation-of-contingency-management
#16
N Metrebian, T Weaver, S Pilling, J Hellier, S Byford, J Shearer, L Mitcheson, M Astbury, P Bijral, N Bogdan, O Bowden-Jones, E Day, J Dunn, E Finch, S Forshall, A Glasper, G Morse, S Akhtar, J Bajaria, C Bennett, E Bishop, V Charles, C Davey, R Desai, C Goodfellow, F Haque, N Little, H McKechnie, J Morris, F Mosler, J Mutz, R Pauli, D Poovendran, E Slater, J Strang
There are approximately 256,000 heroin and other opiate users in England of whom 155,000 are in treatment for heroin (or opiate) addiction. The majority of people in treatment receive opiate substitution treatment (OST) (methadone and buprenorphine). However, OST suffers from high attrition and persistent heroin use even whilst in treatment. Contingency management (CM) is a psychological intervention based on the principles of operant conditioning. It is delivered as an adjunct to existing evidence based treatments to amplify patient benefit and involves the systematic application of positive reinforcement (financial or material incentives) to promote behaviours consistent with treatment goals...
June 13, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907553/development-and-evaluation-of-an-ethical-guideline-for-decisions-to-limit-life-prolonging-treatment-in-advanced-cancer-protocol-for-a-monocentric-mixed-method-interventional-study
#17
Katsiaryna Laryionava, Katja Mehlis, Elena Bierwirth, Friederike Mumm, Wolfgang Hiddemann, Pia Heußner, Eva C Winkler
BACKGROUND: Many patients with advanced cancer receive chemotherapy close to death and are referred too late to palliative or hospice care, and therefore die under therapy or in intensive care units. Oncologists still have difficulties in involving patients appropriately in decisions about limiting tumor-specific or life-prolonging treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this Ethics Policy for Advanced Care Planning and Limiting Treatment Study is to develop an ethical guideline for end-of-life decisions and to evaluate the impact of this guideline on clinical practice regarding the following target goals: reduction of decisional conflicts, improvement of documentation transparency and traceability, reduction of distress of the caregiver team, and better knowledge and consideration of patients' preferences...
June 15, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907520/why-do-young-hispanic-women-take-sexual-risks-psychological-and-cultural-factors-for-hiv-prevention
#18
Cristina Giménez-García, Estefanía Ruiz-Palomino, María Dolores Gil-Llario, Rafael Ballester-Arnal, Claudia Castañeiras
Young Hispanic women have been particularly affected by HIV. For this reason, we analyzed the influence of cognitive factors, dispositional variables, and gender culture on the HIV risks of two groups of Hispanic women. Young Argentinian and Spanish women (N = 342) completed the AIDS Prevention Questionnaire, the Spanish version of the Sexual Compulsivity Scale, and the Spanish version of the Sexual Sensation Seeking Scale in order to evaluate knowledge of HIV transmission, HIV, and condom use; self-efficacy; safe-sex intention and safe sex; as well as Sexual Sensation Seeking and Sexual Compulsivity traits...
June 4, 2018: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907153/comparison-of-two-low-fat-diets-differing-in-protein-and-carbohydrate-on-psychological-wellbeing-in-adults-with-obesity-and-type-2-diabetes-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#19
Nerylee Ann Watson, Kathryn Ann Dyer, Jonathan David Buckley, Grant David Brinkworth, Alison Mary Coates, Gaynor Parfitt, Peter Ranald Charles Howe, Manny Noakes, Karen Joy Murphy
BACKGROUND: Although higher-protein diets (HP) can assist with weight loss and glycemic control, their effect on psychological wellbeing has not been established. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of a HP and a higher-carbohydrate diet (HC), combined with regular exercise, on psychological wellbeing both during weight loss (WL) and weight maintenance phases (WM). METHODS: In a parallel RCT, 61 adults with T2D (mean ± SD: BMI 34.3 ± 5...
June 15, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907087/factors-associated-with-missed-assessments-in-a-2-year-longitudinal-study-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-survivors
#20
Sara E Heins, Amy W Wozniak, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Kristin A Sepulveda, Pedro A Mendez-Tellez, Cheryl Dennison-Himmelfarb, Dale M Needham, Victor D Dinglas
BACKGROUND: To evaluate participant-related variables associated with missing assessment(s) at follow-up visits during a longitudinal research study. METHODS: This is a prospective, longitudinal, multi-site study of 196 acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) survivors. More than 30 relevant sociodemographic, physical status, and mental health variables (representing participant characteristics prior to ARDS, at hospital discharge, and at the immediately preceding follow-up visit) were evaluated for association with missed assessments at 3, 6, 12, and 24-month follow-up visits (89-95% retention rates), using binomial logistic regression...
June 15, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
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