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Psychological Evaluation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656348/are-digitally-delivered-psychological-interventions-for-depression-the-way-forward-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Evgenia Stefanopoulou, David Lewis, Matthew Taylor, James Broscombe, Javid Ahmad, Jan Larkin
Digitally delivered interventions aim to make psychological treatments more widely accessible and minimize clinician input. Although their clinical efficacy against wait-list, control conditions is well established, comparative outcome studies are a much better way to examine if psychotherapies are equally effective. Such reviews are still relatively lacking. The aim of this review was therefore to evaluate the effectiveness of digitally delivered psychological therapies over traditionally delivered (face-to-face) ones to alleviate symptoms in adults experiencing sub-threshold and clinical depression...
April 14, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656036/laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding-in-adolescents-with-severe-obesity-psychological-aspects-decision-makers-of-surgery-and-2-year-outcomes-a-case-series
#2
E Riquin, F Schmitt, N Bouhours-Nouet, M Beaumesnil, M Dinomais, J Malka, M Robin, R Coutant, P Duverger
BACKGROUND: The results of medical treatment of severe obesity in the adolescent population (balanced diet and physical activity) are often unsatisfactory, and bariatric surgery is questioned. The psychological determinants for requesting bariatric surgery in these adolescents are unclear. The objective of this study was to report the psychiatric and psychological aspects as well as the determinants of the medical decision for surgery in a cohort of obese adolescents requesting bariatric surgery by laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding...
April 11, 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652666/effect-of-a-multidisciplinary-treatment-program-on-eating-behavior-in-overweight-and-obese-preschool-children
#3
Gianni Bocca, Mirije W B Kuitert, Pieter J J Sauer, Eva Corpeleijn
BACKGROUND: The effects of multidisciplinary treatment programs on eating behavior in overweight preschool-aged children are largely unknown. We evaluated a multidisciplinary intervention program on eating behavior in 3- to 5-year-old overweight children, comparing them with children given standard treatment. We also assessed the parental eating behavior changes and investigated associations between parents and children. METHODS: We randomized 75 children to a multidisciplinary intervention or to a standard care program...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652310/-latent-dysphoria-an-instrument-of-screening-and-diagnosis-preliminary-results
#4
M A Morozova, A A Alekseev, G E Rupchev
AIM: Latent dysphoria is a kind of emotional disorder. Its key features are floating feeling of dissatisfaction and irritability accompanied with suppression of expression of these emotions. The article is devoted to the development of a screening diagnostic tool (checklist) to screen and evaluate patients with this emotional problem. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three hundred and ninety-four neurologists (outpatient segment) were surveyed to assess the prevalence of an emotional disorder that met criteria of latent dysphoria suggested by the authors...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651832/psychological-wellbeing-in-parents-of-children-with-phenylketonuria-and-association-with-treatment-adherence
#5
Lidia Borghi, Elisabetta Salvatici, Giuseppe Banderali, Enrica Riva, Marcello Giovannini, Elena Vegni
BACKGROUND: Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a rare metabolic disorder that leads to severe neurological abnormalities unless early treated with a strict phenylalanine (Phe)-restricted diet. The parents' involvement in PKU management is crucial and could lead to psychological distress; however, few studies have explored the parents' psychological wellbeing. The study aimed to: 1) evaluate the presence of psychological distress and impaired quality of life among parents of children with PKU, assessing the load of the diagnosis and the load of the treatment management; 2) explore the associations with their children's blood-Phe levels...
April 12, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650504/interactive-two-way-mhealth-interventions-for-improving-medication-adherence-an-evaluation-using-the-behaviour-change-wheel-framework
#6
Nicole Chiang, Michael Guo, K Rivet Amico, Lou Atkins, Richard T Lester
BACKGROUND: Medication adherence is an important but highly complex set of behaviors, which for life-threatening and infectious diseases such as HIV carry critical consequences for individual and public health. There is growing evidence that mobile phone text messaging interventions (mHealth) connecting providers with patients positively impact medication adherence, particularly two-way engagement platforms that require bidirectional communication versus one-way in which responses are not mandatory...
April 12, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650015/inclusion-and-exclusion-criteria-used-in-non-specific-low-back-pain-trials-a-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials-published-between-2006-and-2012
#7
Pål André Amundsen, David W Evans, Dévan Rajendran, Philip Bright, Tom Bjørkli, Sandra Eldridge, Rachelle Buchbinder, Martin Underwood, Robert Froud
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is a common health complaint resulting in substantial economic burden. Each year, upwards of 20 randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating interventions for non-specific low back pain are published. Use of the term non-specific low back pain has been criticised on the grounds of encouraging heterogeneity and hampering interpretation of findings due to possible heterogeneous causes, challenging meta-analyses. We explored selection criteria used in trials of treatments for nsLBP...
April 12, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649014/structural-mri-correlates-of-cognitive-event-related-potentials-in-multiple-sclerosis
#8
Artemios K Artemiadis, Maria C Anagnostouli, Ioannis G Zalonis, Konstantinos G Chairopoulos, Nikos I Triantafyllou
PURPOSE: Cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis has been associated with cognitive event-related potentials and MRI abnormalities. This study aims to explore for the first time the association between P300 and MRI in multiple sclerosis. METHODS: Fifty-eight relapsing-remitting patients (41.5 ± 10.5 years old, 41 women, disease duration 139.7 ± 84.9 months) and 51 healthy controls were used. Visual P300 responses and a set of 2- or 3-dimensional MRI indices were obtained...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648989/analysis-of-sexual-problems-in-men-with-psoriasis
#9
Marta Wojciechowska-Zdrojowy, Adam Reich, Jacek C Szepietowski, Adam Wojciechowski
INTRODUCTION: Psoriasis may have negative impact on many aspects of patient life. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of psoriasis on erectile dysfunction and other sexual problems in men with psoriasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 76 men aged between 20 and 66 years (mean 43.9±13.2 years) were enrolled. Psoriasis severity assessed according to PASI ranged from 2.0 to 49.8 points (mean 15.1±10.3 points). All patients were asked to complete International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5), Beck's Depression Inventory and Dermatology Life Quality Index...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648986/a-single-primary-blast-induced-traumatic-brain-injury-in-rodent-model-causes-cell-type-dependent-increase-in-nadph-oxidase-isoforms-in-vulnerable-brain-regions
#10
Kakulavarapu V Rama Rao, Stephanie Iring, Daniel Younger, Matthew Kuriakose, Maciej Skotak, Eren Alay, Raj K Gupta, Namas Chandra
Blast-induced Traumatic Brain Injury (bTBI) is a leading cause of morbidity in soldiers on the battlefield and in the training sites with long-term neurological and psychological pathologies. Previous studies from our laboratory demonstrated activation of oxidative stress pathways following blast injury, but their distribution among different brain regions and their impact on the pathogenesis of bTBI have not been explored. The present study examined the protein expression of two isoforms: NADPH oxidase 1 and 2 (NOX1, NOX2), corresponding superoxide production, a downstream event of NOX activation, and the extent of lipid peroxidation adducts of 4-hydroxynonenal (4HNE) to a range of proteins...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644780/support-needs-of-couples-with-hereditary-breast-and-ovarian-cancer-during-reproductive-decision-making
#11
J J G Gietel-Habets, C E M de Die-Smulders, I A P Derks-Smeets, A Tibben, V C G Tjan-Heijnen, R van Golde, E Gomez-Garcia, L A D M van Osch
OBJECTIVE: Reproductive decision-making for couples with hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) is complex and can result in decisional conflict or -regret. This study investigated couples' support needs and aimed to identify vulnerable couples. Ultimately we should strive to develop a clear standard of care guideline regarding reproductive decision-support. METHODS: Mixed methods were used for data collection. A focus group study was conducted among 18 couples (N=35) with HBOC who had made a reproductive decision after reproductive counselling...
April 12, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644763/correlation-of-quality-of-life-with-risk-factors-for-first-incident-hip-fracture-in-postmenopausal-women
#12
Fang-Ping Chen, Tsai-Sheng Fu, Yu-Ching Lin, Chih-Ming Fan
AIM: The aim of this study was to identify the correlation between health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and risk factors of first-incidence hip fracture in postmenopausal women. METHODS: This case-control study included 99 postmenopausal women with first-incident hip fracture and 101 women without hip fracture who were matched according to age. Evaluation consisted of clinical factors, 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry for bone mineral density of hip and spine...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644472/pictorial-representation-of-illness-and-self-measure-revised-2-prism-r2-an-effective-tool-to-assess-perceived-burden-of-thyroid-cancer-in-mainland-china
#13
Yanbo Wang, Suyun Fan, Hongbiao Wang, Li Li, Yanyan Jia, Li Chai
PURPOSE: Thyroid cancer, especially differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), is a highly prevalent chronic disease that is known to cause considerable distress, related both to the high recurrence and treatment of the disease. The Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self Measure-Revised 2 (PRISM-R2) has been developed as a visual measure to assess suffering. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of the instrument to identify patients with DTC with different levels of suffering who may need additional support care...
April 11, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644471/assessment-of-psychological-distress-among-asian-adolescents-and-young-adults-aya-cancer-patients-using-the-distress-thermometer-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#14
Alexandre Chan, Eileen Poon, Wei Lin Goh, Yanxiang Gan, Chia Jie Tan, Kelvin Yeo, Annabelle Chua, Magdalene Chee, Yi Chye Law, Nagavalli Somasundaram, Ravindran Kanesvaran, Quan Sing Ng, Chee Kian Tham, Chee Keong Toh, Soon Thye Lim, Miriam Tao, Tiffany Tang, Richard Quek, Mohamad Farid
PURPOSE: Since few studies have investigated whether the Distress Thermometer (DT) in Asian adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer patients (between 15 and 39 years), we investigated the appropriateness of the DT as a screening tool for psychological symptom burden in these AYA patients and to evaluate AYA patients' distress across a trajectory of three time points longitudinally over a 6-month period. METHODS: This was a prospective, longitudinal study. Recruited Asian AYA patients were diagnosed with lymphomas, sarcomas, primary brain malignancies, or germ cell tumors...
April 11, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643612/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-pain-coping-skills-training-for-osteoarthritis-knee-pain-management-a-systematic-review
#15
Ayah Ismail, Catherine Moore, Natasha Alshishani, Khalid Yaseen, Mansour Abdullah Alshehri
[Purpose] To investigate the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) and pain coping skills training (PCST) on pain level in adults with osteoarthritis of the knee (KOA) in comparison with usual care. [Subjects and Methods] Five databases were systematically searched for relevant randomised controlled trials (RCTs) according to the selected eligibility criteria (inception to June 7, 2016). PEDro scale was used to assess the validity of included studies. [Results] Four studies met the inclusion criteria and all studies had high methodological quality...
December 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643399/the-role-of-stabilizing-and-communicating-symptoms-given-overlapping-communities-in-psychopathology-networks
#16
Tessa F Blanken, Marie K Deserno, Jonas Dalege, Denny Borsboom, Peter Blanken, Gerard A Kerkhof, Angélique O J Cramer
Network theory, as a theoretical and methodological framework, is energizing many research fields, among which clinical psychology and psychiatry. Fundamental to the network theory of psychopathology is the role of specific symptoms and their interactions. Current statistical tools, however, fail to fully capture this constitutional property. We propose community detection tools as a means to evaluate the complex network structure of psychopathology, free from its original boundaries of distinct disorders. Unique to this approach is that symptoms can belong to multiple communities...
April 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643263/health-state-utilities-for-patient-s-current-health-from-bipolar-type-i-disorder
#17
Masoumeh Banihashemian, Arash Rashidian, Faeze Gholamian, Mahboubeh Parsaeian, Najmeh Moradi, Homayoun Amini
BACKGROUND: Bipolar Type I Disorder (BID) is a disabling mental disorder among young adults that places enormous psychological, social, and economic burdens on patients, their families, and health care systems and decreases quality of life (QOL). Few studies have investigated the quality-adjusted life-years (QALY), health state preferences, and utilities in patients with BID. AIM OF STUDY: The aim of this study was to elicit health state utilities for current health among a sample of individuals with BID irrespective of their clinical conditions at the time of evaluation...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643168/fatigue-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-protocol-of-the-dutch-multicentre-longitudinal-observational-fantastigue-study
#18
Yvonne M J Goërtz, Milou Looijmans, Judith B Prins, Daisy J A Janssen, Melissa S Y Thong, Jeannette B Peters, Chris Burtin, Yvonne Meertens-Kerris, Arnold Coors, Jean W M Muris, Mirjam A G Sprangers, Emiel F M Wouters, Jan H Vercoulen, Martijn A Spruit
INTRODUCTION: Fatigue is the second most common symptom in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Despite its high prevalence, fatigue is often ignored in daily practice. For this reason, little is known about the underlying determinants of fatigue in patients with COPD. The primary objectives of this study are to chart the course of fatigue in patients with COPD, to identify the physical, systemic, psychological and behavioural factors that precipitate and perpetuate fatigue in patients with COPD, to evaluate the impact of exacerbation-related hospitalisations on fatigue and to better understand the association between fatigue and 2-year all-cause hospitalisation and mortality in patients with COPD...
April 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643056/mobile-breast-cancer-e-support-program-for-chinese-women-with-breast-cancer-undergoing-chemotherapy-part-1-qualitative-study-of-women-s-perceptions
#19
Jiemin Zhu, Lyn Ebert, Dongmei Guo, Sumei Yang, Qiuying Han, Sally Wai-Chi Chan
BACKGROUND: Women with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy experience difficulty in accessing adequate cancer care in China. Mobile apps have the potential to provide easily accessible support for these women. However, there remains a paucity of randomized controlled trials to evaluate the effectiveness of app-based programs targeting specifically women with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy. Moreover, women's perceptions and experiences related to using and interacting within the app-based program have rarely been reported...
April 11, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642913/a-narrative-synthesis-of-research-evidence-for-tinnitus-related-complaints-as-reported-by-patients-and-their-significant-others
#20
REVIEW
Deborah Ann Hall, Kathryn Fackrell, Anne Beatrice Li, Rachel Thavayogan, Sandra Smith, Veronica Kennedy, Catarina Tinoco, Evelina D Rodrigues, Paula Campelo, Tânia D Martins, Vera Martins Lourenço, Diogo Ribeiro, Haúla F Haider
BACKGROUND: There are a large number of assessment tools for tinnitus, with little consensus on what it is important to measure and no preference for a minimum reporting standard. The item content of tinnitus assessment tools should seek to capture relevant impacts of tinnitus on everyday life, but no-one has yet synthesised information about the range of tinnitus complaints. This review is thus the first comprehensive and authoritative collection and synthesis of what adults with tinnitus and their significant others report as problems in their everyday lives caused by tinnitus...
April 11, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
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