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Psychological Evaluation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454162/anxiety-depression-and-asthma-control-changes-after-standardized-treatment
#1
Joaquin Sastre, Astrid Crespo, Toni Fernandez-Sanchez, Manuel Rial, Vicente Plaza
BACKGROUND: It has been documented that anxiety and depression are prevalent in patients with asthma and are associated with greater frequency of exacerbations, increased use of health-care resources, and poor asthma control. OBJECTIVES: Our study examined not only the association of asthma diagnosis with symptoms of depression/anxiety and asthma control at baseline, but also over a 6-month period of specialist supervision. METHODS: We enrolled 3,182 patients with moderate-severe asthma...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453914/medication-adherence-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#2
Nejc Horvat, Igor Locatelli, Mitja Kos, Ana Janežič
This study evaluated medication adherence and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of Slovenian patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and examined the factors associated with HRQoL. Demographic and therapy information was collected from 65 patients through interviews. The St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire and the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale were used to evaluate HRQoL and adherence, resp. A multiple linear regression model was used to assess the association between the factors and HRQoL...
March 1, 2018: Acta Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453817/endocrine-and-psychological-aspects-of-sexual-dysfunction-in-klinefelter-patients
#3
A Ferlin, R Selice, S Angelini, M Di Grazia, N Caretta, F Cavalieri, A Di Mambro, C Foresta
Klinefelter syndrome is a frequent cause of hypogonadism, but despite hundreds of publications on different aspects of Klinefelter syndrome, only a few studies dealt with sexual dysfunction. In particular, testosterone is critical for various aspects of sexual response, but its role on sexuality in Klinefelter syndrome patients is debatable and no studies have evaluated the efficacy of testosterone treatment on sexual dysfunction in these subjects. Furthermore, the impact of psychological and relational aspects on sexual function of Klinefelter syndrome subjects is poorly defined...
February 17, 2018: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451662/what-clinical-functional-and-psychological-factors-before-treatment-are-predictors-of-poor-quality-of-life-in-cancer-patients-at-the-end-of-chemotherapy
#4
Ariella Sebastião Mangia, Nara Lisiane de Oliveira Coqueiro, Fernanda Cabral Azevedo, Hiago Tomaz da Silva Araujo, Elizandra de Oliveira Amorim, Cibelli Navarro Rodrigues Alves, Calvino Camargo, Allex Jardim da Fonseca
OBJECTIVE: To correlate physical activity level (PAL), functional capacity and psychological state with quality of life (QoL) in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy (CT). METHOD: Observational cohort study. Patients (n=121) with any primary cancer site with indications of chemotherapy with palliative or curative intent were evaluated at three moments: 1) patient admission (week 0), before chemotherapy; 2) week 8; 3) end of CT. Data were collected regarding QoL, PAL, clinical data, functional capacity (short walking distance test, sitting-rising test, isometric manual gripping force), and anxiety and depression tests...
November 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451002/healing-stories-an-expressive-narrative-intervention-for-strengthening-resilience-and-survival-skills-in-school-aged-child-victims-of-war-and-political-violence-in-the-gaza-strip
#5
Guido Veronese, Gianpiero Barola
Within a preventive framework, we outline a school-based intervention aimed at strengthening skills of survival and psychological functioning in children who have experienced war and political violence in the Gaza Strip. In accordance with a socio-ecological perspective on wellbeing and resilience, the pilot study aimed at evaluating the outcomes of a psychosocial narrative school-based intervention with a group of school-aged children in the aftermath of war. The intervention was oriented at empowering positive emotions, life satisfaction, and optimism in children as protective factors in preventing posttraumatic reactions after war...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450798/catastrophizing-acceptance-and-coping-as-mediators-between-pain-and-emotional-distress-and-disability-in-fibromyalgia
#6
María J Lami, M Pilar Martínez, Elena Miró, Ana I Sánchez, Manuel A Guzmán
Catastrophizing, acceptance, and coping have an important predictive value in chronic pain; however, it is not known which of these variables has the greatest contribution in fibromyalgia (FM). This study explored the mediating role of catastrophizing, acceptance, and coping in the relationship between pain and emotional distress/disability in a FM sample. Ninety-two FM patients and 51 healthy participants controls were evaluated on pain- and psychological-related variables. Catastrophizing, acceptance, behavioral coping, and emotional coping were significantly correlated with emotional distress and/or disability...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450764/impact-of-well-being-interventions-for-siblings-of-children-and-young-people-with-a-chronic-physical-or-mental-health-condition-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Mhairi McKenzie Smith, Snehal Pinto Pereira, Lynette Chan, Charlotte Rose, Roz Shafran
Siblings of children and young people with a chronic illness are at increased risk of poor psychological functioning. A number of studies have attempted to implement and evaluate interventions targeting the psychological well-being of this at-risk group. This systematic review summarises the evidence regarding psychological functioning of siblings following an intervention targeting their well-being. The meta-analysis considered behaviour and knowledge, two of the most frequently studied outcomes. The following databases were used: PsycINFO, EMBASE, CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450530/screening-for-ovarian-cancer-updated-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#8
Jillian T Henderson, Elizabeth M Webber, George F Sawaya
Importance: Ovarian cancer is relatively rare but the fifth-leading cause of cancer mortality among United States women. Objective: To systematically review evidence on benefits and harms of ovarian cancer screening among average-risk women to inform the United States Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane Collaboration Registry of Controlled Trials; studies published in English from January 1, 2003, through January 31, 2017; ongoing surveillance in targeted publications through November 22, 2017...
February 13, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449870/validating-the-demand-control-support-questionnaire-among-white-collar-employees-in-switzerland-and-the-united-states
#9
Daniel Mauss, Raphael M Herr, Töres Theorell, Peter Angerer, Jian Li
Background: The Demand Control Support Questionnaire (DCSQ) is an established self-reported tool to measure a stressful work environment. Validated German and English versions are however currently missing. The aim of this study was therefore to evaluate the psychometric properties of German and English versions of the DCSQ among white-collar employees in Switzerland and the US. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 499 employees in Switzerland and 411 in the US, respectively...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449202/a-web-based-psychoeducational-intervention-for-adolescent-depression-design-and-development-of-moodhwb
#10
Rhys Bevan Jones, Anita Thapar, Frances Rice, Harriet Beeching, Rachel Cichosz, Becky Mars, Daniel J Smith, Sally Merry, Paul Stallard, Ian Jones, Ajay K Thapar, Sharon A Simpson
BACKGROUND: Depression is common in adolescence and leads to distress and impairment in individuals, families and carers. Treatment and prevention guidelines highlight the key role of information and evidence-based psychosocial interventions not only for individuals but also for their families and carers. Engaging young people in prevention and early intervention programs is a challenge, and early treatment and prevention of adolescent depression is a major public health concern. There has been growing interest in psychoeducational interventions to provide accurate information about health issues and to enhance and develop self-management skills...
February 15, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447996/sleep-food-cravings-and-taste
#11
Wen Lv, Graham Findlayson, Robin Dando
OBJECTIVE: Taste is influenced by factors from our environment, psychology, and from our own physiological state. The objective of the study was to determine whether sleep influences our sense of taste or our cravings for food. METHOD: 57 healthy panelists, predominantly of college age, submitted to sleep tracking, and subsequently underwent a series of sensory tests, using basic prototypic tastants as well as real foods. Panelists were also evaluated to quantify food cravings, using both the Leeds Food Preference Questionnaire, and the Control of Eating Questionnaire...
February 12, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447494/high-dose-vitamin-d-supplementation-can-improve-menstrual-problems-dysmenorrhea-and-premenstrual-syndrome-in-adolescents
#12
Afsane Bahrami, Amir Avan, Hamid Reza Sadeghnia, Habibollah Esmaeili, Maryam Tayefi, Faezeh Ghasemi, Fatemeh Nejati Salehkhani, Mahla Arabpour-Dahoue, Azam Rastgar-Moghadam, Gordon A Ferns, Hamidreza Bahrami-Taghanaki, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
Vitamin D has a crucial role in female reproduction, possibly through its effects on calcium homeostasis, cyclic sex steroid hormone fluctuations, or neurotransmitter function. We have assessed the effects of vitamin D supplementation on dysmenorrhea and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) in adolescents. In this study, 897 adolescent girls living in Mashhad and Sabzevar, Iran, received nine high-dose vitamin D supplements (as 50,000 IU/week of cholecalciferol) and were followed up over 9 weeks. We evaluated the effect of vitamin D supplementation on individuals in four categories: those with only PMS; individuals with only dysmenorrhea; subjects with both PMS and dysmenorrhea and normal subjects...
February 15, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447372/small-fiber-polyneuropathy-is-prevalent-in-patients-experiencing-complex-chronic-pelvic-pain
#13
Annie Chen, Elise De, Charles Argoff
Objective: To demonstrate the prevalence of small fiber polyneuropathy (SFPN) in patients with refractory chronic pelvic pain (CPP). Design: Retrospective study of prospective database. Subjects: Participants were complex CPP patients recruited from subspecity referral clinics defined as those who were refractory to initial treatment and/or exhibited comorbid pain syndromes at initial presentation. Methods: Comprehensive treatment history for CPP was obtained, and participants referred as above; 3-mm punch biopsies were obtained of the lower extremity and sent to diagnostic reference labs to evaluate for SFPN...
February 13, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447146/health-risk-behaviors-and-chronic-conditions-among-adults-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-united-states-2015-and-2016
#14
Fang Xu, James M Dahlhamer, Emily P Zammitti, Anne G Wheaton, Janet B Croft
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, involves chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. In 2015, an estimated 3.1 million adults in the United States had ever received a diagnosis of IBD (1). Nationally representative samples of adults with IBD have been unavailable or too small to assess relationships between IBD and other chronic conditions and health-risk behaviors (2). To assess the prevalence of health-risk behaviors and chronic conditions among adults with and without IBD, CDC aggregated survey data from the 2015 and 2016 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS)...
February 16, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446548/a-12-h-combined-physical-and-psychological-treatment-programme-for-patients-with-persistent-back-pain
#15
David Rogers, Peter Nightingale, Adrian Gardner
This service evaluation analysed the long-term clinical outcomes, as measured by the Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (PSEQ) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), of a 12-h group-based, multidisciplinary, combined physical and psychological treatment programme for patients with persistent back pain in a secondary care setting. Between April 2012 and December 2015, 373 patients attended the programme, with outcome measures obtained for 272 patients post-treatment. We randomly selected 120 patients who had completed treatment, for long-term outcome measurement follow-up, and gained outcome measures for 40 patients in total...
February 15, 2018: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446341/emergency-management-and-preparedness-training-for-youth-empty-the-results-of-the-first-swedish-pilot-study
#16
Amir Khorram-Manesh, Johan Berlin, Lina Ljung Roseke, Johan Aremyr, Josef Sörensson, Eric Carlström
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of a simulation training in raising a group of young students' personal and situational awareness in disasters and emergencies. METHODS: In total, 25 young students participated in two simulation scenarios representing two actual events, fire, and shooting, using a combination of two validated simulation training (Emergency Management and Preparedness Training for Youth [EMPTY]). The changes in their knowledge and awareness were evaluated by using questionnaires and the whole simulation was evaluated by three independent observers and a reference group...
February 15, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445502/long-term-recovery-following-critical-illness-in-an-australian-cohort
#17
Kimberley J Haines, Sue Berney, Stephen Warrillow, Linda Denehy
Background: Almost all data on 5-year outcomes for critical care survivors come from North America and Europe. The aim of this study was to investigate long-term mortality, physical function, psychological outcomes and health-related quality of life in a mixed intensive care unit cohort in Australia. Methods: This longitudinal study evaluated 4- to 5-year outcomes. Physical function (six-minute walk test) and health-related quality of life (Short Form 36 Version 2) were compared to 1-year outcomes and population norms...
2018: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445346/psychological-shift-in-partners-of-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-who-undertake-lifestyle-modification-an-interpretive-phenomenological-study
#18
Sandra L Neate, Keryn L Taylor, George A Jelinek, Alysha M De Livera, Chelsea R Brown, Tracey J Weiland
Introduction: Being in an intimate relationship with a person with multiple sclerosis (MS) may have a substantial impact on the partner's quality of life. Existing research has largely focused on negative impacts of MS for both people with MS (PwMS) and their partners and has sampled the population of partners of PwMS who have primarily adopted standard medical management only. Modifiable lifestyle factors have become increasingly recognized in the management of MS symptoms and disease progression. For partners of PwMS who have undertaken lifestyle modification as an additional strategy to minimize disease progression, the impacts, both positive and negative remain unexplored...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445294/anxiety-and-depression-in-general-practice-outpatients-the-long-term-change-process
#19
Fumio Shimada, Yoshiyuki Ohira, Yusuke Hirota, Akiko Ikegami, Takeshi Kondo, Kiyoshi Shikino, Shingo Suzuki, Kazutaka Noda, Takanori Uehara, Masatomi Ikusaka
Background and objectives: Patients who come for a consultation at a general practice clinic as outpatients often suffer from background anxiety and depression. The psychological state of such patients can alleviate naturally; however, there are cases when these symptoms persist. This study investigated the realities and factors behind anxiety/depression becoming prolonged. Methods: Participants were 678 adult patients, who came to Department of General Medicine at Chiba University Hospital within a 1-year period starting from April 2012 and who completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) during their initial consultation...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444721/psychological-treatments-delivered-by-community-health-workers-in-low-resource-government-health-systems-effectiveness-of-group-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-caregivers-of-children-affected-by-nodding-syndrome-in-uganda
#20
Byamah B Mutamba, Jeremy C Kane, Joop T V M de Jong, James Okello, Seggane Musisi, Brandon A Kohrt
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing evidence for the benefits of psychological treatments (PTs) in low- and middle-income countries, few national health systems have adopted PTs as standard care. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a group interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT-G) intervention, when delivered by lay community health workers (LCHWs) in a low-resource government health system in Uganda. The intended outcome was reduction of depression among caregivers of children with nodding syndrome, a neuropsychiatric condition with high morbidity, mortality and social stigma...
February 15, 2018: Psychological Medicine
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