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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535277/sensory-impairments-and-cognitive-function-in-middle-aged-adults
#1
Carla R Schubert, Karen J Cruickshanks, Mary E Fischer, Yanjun Chen, Barbara E K Klein, Ronald Klein, A Alex Pinto
Background: Hearing, visual, and olfactory impairments have been associated with cognitive impairment in older adults but less is known about associations with cognitive function in middle-aged adults. Methods: Sensory and cognitive functions were measured on participants in the baseline examination (2005-2008) of the Beaver Dam Offspring Study. Cognitive function was measured with the Trail Making tests A (TMTA) and B (TMTB) and the Grooved Peg Board test. Pure-tone audiometry, Pelli-Robson letter charts, and the San Diego Odor Identification test were used to measure hearing, contrast sensitivity, and olfaction, respectively...
May 23, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534735/the-use-of-the-gaps-in-noise-test-as-an-index-of-the-enhanced-left-temporal-cortical-thinning-associated-with-the-transition-between-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#2
Vasiliki Vivian Iliadou, Doris-Eva Bamiou, Christos Sidiras, Nikolaos P Moschopoulos, Magda Tsolaki, Ioannis Nimatoudis, Gail D Chermak
BACKGROUND: The known link between auditory perception and cognition is often overlooked when testing for cognition. PURPOSE: To evaluate auditory perception in a group of older adults diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). RESEARCH DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of auditory perception. STUDY SAMPLE: Adults with MCI and adults with no documented cognitive issues and matched hearing sensitivity and age. DATA COLLECTION: Auditory perception was evaluated in both groups, assessing for hearing sensitivity, speech in babble (SinB), and temporal resolution...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534733/acute-acoustic-trauma-among-soldiers-during-an-intense-combat
#3
Noam Yehudai, Nir Fink, Manor Shpriz, Tal Marom
BACKGROUND: During military actions, soldiers are constantly exposed to various forms of potentially harmful noises. Acute acoustic trauma (AAT) results from an impact, unexpected intense noise ≥140 dB, which generates a high-energy sound wave that can damage the auditory system. PURPOSE: We sought to characterize AAT injuries among military personnel during operation "Protective Edge," to analyze the effectiveness of hearing protection devices (HPDs), and to evaluate the benefit of steroid treatment in early-diagnosed AAT injury...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534732/evaluation-of-adaptive-noise-management-technologies-for-school-age-children-with-hearing-loss
#4
Jace Wolfe, Mila Duke, Erin Schafer, Christine Jones, Lori Rakita
BACKGROUND: Children with hearing loss experience significant difficulty understanding speech in noisy and reverberant situations. Adaptive noise management technologies, such as fully adaptive directional microphones and digital noise reduction, have the potential to improve communication in noise for children with hearing aids. However, there are no published studies evaluating the potential benefits children receive from the use of adaptive noise management technologies in simulated real-world environments as well as in daily situations...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534731/speech-recognition-in-nonnative-versus-native-english-speaking-college-students-in-a-virtual-classroom
#5
Dorothy Neave-DiToro, Adrienne Rubinstein, Arlene C Neuman
BACKGROUND: Limited attention has been given to the effects of classroom acoustics at the college level. Many studies have reported that nonnative speakers of English are more likely to be affected by poor room acoustics than native speakers. An important question is how classroom acoustics affect speech perception of nonnative college students. PURPOSE: The combined effect of noise and reverberation on the speech recognition performance of college students who differ in age of English acquisition was evaluated under conditions simulating classrooms with reverberation times (RTs) close to ANSI recommended RTs...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534730/big-stimulus-little-ears-safety-in-administering-vestibular-evoked-myogenic-potentials-in-children
#6
Megan L A Thomas, Denis Fitzpatrick, Ryan McCreery, Kristen L Janky
BACKGROUND: Cervical and ocular vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) have become common clinical vestibular assessments. However, VEMP testing requires high intensity stimuli, raising concerns regarding safety with children, where sound pressure levels may be higher due to their smaller ear canal volumes. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the range of peak-to-peak equivalent sound pressure levels (peSPLs) in child and adult ears in response to high intensity stimuli (i...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534729/self-selection-of-frequency-tables-with-bilateral-mismatches-in-an-acoustic-simulation-of-a-cochlear-implant
#7
Matthew B Fitzgerald, Ksenia Prosolovich, Chin-Tuan Tan, E Katelyn Glassman, Mario A Svirsky
BACKGROUND: Many recipients of bilateral cochlear implants (CIs) may have differences in electrode insertion depth. Previous reports indicate that when a bilateral mismatch is imposed, performance on tests of speech understanding or sound localization becomes worse. If recipients of bilateral CIs cannot adjust to a difference in insertion depth, adjustments to the frequency table may be necessary to maximize bilateral performance. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility of using real-time manipulations of the frequency table to offset any decrements in performance resulting from a bilateral mismatch...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534728/hearing-loss-and-age-induced-changes-in-the-central-auditory-system-measured-by-the-p3-response-to-small-changes-in-frequency
#8
Kathy R Vander Werff, Kerrie L Nesbitt
BACKGROUND: Recent behavioral studies have suggested that individuals with sloping audiograms exhibit localized improvements in frequency discrimination in the frequency region near the drop in hearing. Auditory-evoked potentials may provide evidence of such cortical plasticity and reorganization of frequency maps. PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate electrophysiological evidence of cortical plasticity related to cortical frequency representation and discrimination abilities in older individuals with high-frequency sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL)...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533009/comparison-of-implant-stability-measurement-devices-for-bone-anchored-hearing-aid-systems
#9
Lindsey Westover, Gary Faulkner, William Hodgetts, Don Raboud
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The success of implants for bone-anchored hearing aids (BAHA) relies on proper osseointegration at the bone-implant interface. Clinical evaluation of implant stability is important in prescribing loading, identifying the risk of failure, and monitoring the long-term health of the implant. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate 2 measurement systems for BAHA implant stability: the most commonly used, Osstell implant stability quotient (ISQ), and a newly developed advance system for implant stability testing (ASIST)...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532185/tone-perception-in-mandarin-speaking-children-with-cochlear-implants
#10
Gang Li, Sigfrid D Soli, Yun Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of implant age and duration of implantation on development of Mandarin tone perception in paediatric cochlear implant recipients. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional evaluation of tone perception, as assessed with the Mandarin Early Speech Perception test at 3, 6, 12, 24, 36 and 48 months after activation. STUDY SAMPLE: A total of 143 subjects, 60 girls and 83 boys unilaterally implanted at 1-4 years of age comprised the sample...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530253/sensitivity-and-specificity-of-vestibular-bedside-examination-in-detecting-viii-cranial-nerve-schwannoma-with-sensorineural-sudden-unilateral-hearing-loss-as-presenting-symptom
#11
L Califano, F Salafia, M G Melillo, S Mazzone
The objectives of this study were to identify signs of vestibular nerve suffering through a bedside vestibular examination protocol in case of sudden sensorineural unilateral hearing loss without spontaneous signs of vestibular impairment and to propose a bed-side vestibular examination based protocol for the focused execution of gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) only if a vestibular schwannoma is suspected. 96 patients, 52 men, 44 women, mean age 57.73 +/- 12.85 years, suffering from sudden sensorineural unilateral hearing loss, which presented neither vertigo nor spontaneous nystagmus, were enrolled...
May 22, 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530068/-newborn-discharge-letter-as-a-communication-document-for-continuity-of-care
#12
Jacob Urkin, Zachi Grossman, Gil Chapnick, Daniella Landau
AIMS: To check information items in newborn discharge letters from various delivery rooms and compare them to the expectations of community pediatricians. BACKGROUND: The newborn discharge letter is the document that supports the transition of care from the hospital stay to life at home and in the community. It usually summarizes medical information related to the baby's family, maternal pregnancies, delivery and the stay in hospital until discharge. It is primarily a communication tool between healthcare professionals...
November 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527538/masking-release-with-changing-fundamental-frequency-electric-acoustic-stimulation-resembles-normal-hearing-subjects
#13
Alice Barbara Auinger, Dominik Riss, Rudolfs Liepins, Tobias Rader, Tilman Keck, Thomas Keintzel, Alexandra Kaider, Wolf-Dieter Baumgartner, Wolfgang Gstoettner, Christoph Arnoldner
It has been shown that patients with electric acoustic stimulation (EAS) perform better in noisy environments than patients with a cochlear implant (CI). One reason for this could be the preserved access to acoustic low-frequency cues including the fundamental frequency (F0). Therefore, our primary aim was to investigate whether users of EAS experience a release from masking with increasing F0 difference between target talker and masking talker. The study comprised 29 patients and consisted of three groups of subjects: EAS users, CI users and normal-hearing listeners (NH)...
May 11, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522892/enhancing-communication-in-adults-with-dementia-and-age-related-hearing-loss
#14
REVIEW
Sara K Mamo, Esther Oh, Frank R Lin
For many adults with dementia, age-related hearing loss is undiagnosed and/or untreated. Untreated hearing loss can exacerbate common dementia-related behavioral symptoms, such as depression, apathy, agitation. Despite the potential benefits to the individual and the family, pursuing and adopting hearing aids for persons with dementia presents with many challenges. As such, this group of vulnerable older adults is well suited for alternative approaches that adopt an interventional audiology framework. This article reviews alternative hearing care models that we have tested when working with older adults with cognitive impairments...
May 2017: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520533/a-fully-automated-high-throughput-zebrafish-behavioral-ototoxicity-assay
#15
Douglas W Todd, Rohit C Philip, Maki Niihori, Ryan A Ringle, Kelsey R Coyle, Sobia F Zehri, Jordan A Mudery, Ross H Francis, Jeffrey J Rodriguez, Abraham Jacob
Zebrafish animal models lend themselves to behavioral assays that can facilitate rapid screening of ototoxic, otoprotective, and otoregenerative drugs. Structurally similar to human inner ear hair cells, the mechanosensory hair cells on their lateral line allow the zebrafish to sense water flow and orient head-to-current in a behavior called rheotaxis. This rheotaxis behavior deteriorates in a dose-dependent manner with increased exposure to the ototoxin cisplatin, thereby establishing itself as an excellent biomarker for anatomic damage to lateral line hair cells...
May 18, 2017: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520325/-newborn-infants-first-outpatient-visit
#16
V Rigo, C Pieltain, C Schoffeniels, M Kalenga, J L Belche
The focus on outpatient follow-up of newborn infants increases as the duration of hospital stay after birth decreases. The first outpatient visit addresses the adequacy of the home transition. Appropriate feedings are checked. Sudden infant death syndrome prevention and security advices are reminded. Realisation of both neonatal dried blood screen and hearing test is confirmed, as well as planning of specific follow-up appointments. The physical exam will focus on red flags for diseases or malformations with a delayed presentation...
May 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516965/benefits-of-active-middle-ear-implants-over-hearing-aids-in-patients-with-sloping-high-tone-hearing-loss-comparison-with-hearing-aids
#17
J M Lee, J H Jeon, I S Moon, J Y Choi
In this retrospective chart review we compared the subjective and objective benefits of active middle ear implants (AMEIs) with conventional hearing aids (HAs) in patients with sloping high tone hearing loss. Thirty-four patients with sensorineural hearing loss were treated with AMEIs. Of these, six had sloping high tone hearing loss and had worn an HA for more than 6 months. Objective assessments, a pure-tone audiogram, as well as a word recognition test, and the Korean version of the Hearing in Noise Test (K-HINT), and a subjective assessment, the Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit (APHAB) questionnaire, were performed...
June 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516959/adaptive-psychological-structure-in-childhood-hearing-impairment-audiological-correlations
#18
A Serra, G Spinato, S Cocuzza, L Licciardello, P Pavone, L Maiolino
The present research deals with the clinical and social problems present during linguistic and cognitive development of deaf children. Currently, the development of Theory of Mind represents an important research field in deafness studies. These international studies highlighted a significant alteration in the development of Theory of Mind in deaf children compared to normal hearing children, especially in cases of congenital or preverbal hearing loss. In particular, the research focuses on the skills of deaf children in recognising emotions and desires, through both perceptive and cognitive methods, by evaluation of psycho-cognitive skills of children with severe hearing loss using a set of questions to be administered to hearing loss patients...
June 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505178/a-reverse-dot-blot-assay-for-the-screening-of-twenty-mutations-in-four-genes-associated-with-nshl-in-a-chinese-population
#19
Siping Li, Qi Peng, Shengyun Liao, Wenrui Li, Qiang Ma, Xiaomei Lu
BACKGROUND: Congenital deafness is one of the most distressing disorders affecting humanity and exhibits a high incidence worldwide. Most cases of congenital deafness in the Chinese population are caused by defects in a limited number of genes. A convenient and reliable method for detecting common deafness-related gene mutations in the Chinese population is required. METHODS: We developed a PCR-reverse dot blot (RDB) assay for screening 20 hotspot mutations of GJB2, GJB3, SLC26A4, and MT-RNR1, which are common non-syndromic hearing loss (NSHL)-associated genes in the Chinese population...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505158/investigation-of-the-effect-of-cochlear-implant-electrode-length-on-speech-comprehension-in-quiet-and-noise-compared-with-the-results-with-users-of-electro-acoustic-stimulation-a-retrospective-analysis
#20
Andreas Büchner, Angelika Illg, Omid Majdani, Thomas Lenarz
OBJECTIVES: This investigation evaluated the effect of cochlear implant (CI) electrode length on speech comprehension in quiet and noise and compare the results with those of EAS users. METHODES: 91 adults with some degree of residual hearing were implanted with a FLEX20, FLEX24, or FLEX28 electrode. Some subjects were postoperative electric-acoustic-stimulation (EAS) users; the other subjects were in the groups of electric stimulation-only (ES-only). Speech perception was tested in quiet and noise at 3 and 6 months of ES or EAS use...
2017: PloS One
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