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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746415/the-potential-dysfunction-of-otolith-organs-in-patients-after-mumps-infection
#1
Yu-Juan Zhou, Jing Yu, Yong-Zhen Wu, Liang Tian, Zhao Han, Jing Wang, Fang-Lu Chi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between mumps and the extent of hearing impairment and otolith organ damage. METHODS: A total of 27 patients with unilateral hearing impairment following mumps were enrolled. The degrees of hearing loss and otolith organ damage were confirmed by audiometric and vestibular evoked myogenic potential [VEMP] tests. All the results were compared and analyzed using Stata 13.0 software for Windows. RESULTS: The VEMP thresholds of the affected ears were significantly higher than those of the unaffected ears in both tests (cervical VEMP [cVEMP] test and ocular VEMP [oVEMP] test; p = 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746360/synergistic-effects-of-cognitive-impairment-on-physical-disability-in-all-cause-mortality-among-men-aged-80-years-and-over-results-from-longitudinal-older-veterans-study
#2
Wan-Chen Yu, Ming-Yueh Chou, Li-Ning Peng, Yu-Te Lin, Chih-Kuang Liang, Liang-Kung Chen
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated effects of the interrelationship between physical disability and cognitive impairment on long-term mortality of men aged 80 years and older living in a retirement community in Taiwan. METHODS: This prospective cohort study enrolled older men aged 80 and older living in a Veterans Care Home. Those with confirmed diagnosis of dementia were excluded. All participants received comprehensive geriatric assessment, including sociodemographic data, Charlson's Comorbidity Index (CCI), geriatric syndromes, activities of daily living (ADL) using the Barthel index and cognitive function using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744995/idiopathic-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-and-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-syndrome-the-role-of-cerebral-venous-drainage
#3
Marco Matteo Ciccone, Pietro Scicchitano, Michele Gesualdo, Francesca Cortese, Annapaola Zito, Fabio Manca, Barbara Boninfante, Pasquale Recchia, Domenico Leogrande, Domenico Viola, Marialessia Damiani, Valeria Gambacorta, Antonio Piccolo, Vincenzo De Ceglie, Nicola Quaranta
AIM: to evaluate the influence of cerebral venous drainage on the pathogenesis of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSHL) and Ménière syndrome (MD). METHODS: we enrolled 59 consecutive patients (32 males, mean age 53.05+15.37 years): 40 ISSHL and 19 MD. All underwent physical examination, biochemical evaluation (glycemic and lipid profile, viral serology, C reactive protein, etc), audiometric (tonal, vocal, vestibular evoked myogenic potentials and auditory brainstem response test) and impedentiometric examination...
July 26, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742633/stable-longitudinal-performance-of-adult-cochlear-implant-users-for-more-than-10-years
#4
Kristen Rak, Sebastian P Schraven, Philipp Schendzielorz, Anja Kurz, Wafaa Shehata-Dieler, Rudolf Hagen, Andreas Radeloff
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the long-term performance of cochlear implant patients. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective longitudinal study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center with a large cochlear implant program. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Speech perception scores in quiet and in background noise in the short-term (1.12 ± 0.15 yr) and long-term (12.61 ± 2.34 yr) after implantation. PATIENTS: Fifty-eight implanted ears from 55 patients with a mean age of 51...
July 24, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741729/influence-of-timing-of-delayed-hard-palate-closure-on-articulation-skills-in-3-year-old-danish-children-with-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate
#5
Elisabeth Willadsen, Maria Boers, Antje Schöps, Mia Kisling-Møller, Joan Bogh Nielsen, Line Dahl Jørgensen, Mikael Andersen, Stig Bolund, Helene Søgaard Andersen
BACKGROUND: Differing results regarding articulation skills in young children with cleft palate (CP) have been reported and often interpreted as a consequence of different surgical protocols. AIMS: To assess the influence of different timing of hard palate closure in a two-stage procedure on articulation skills in 3-year-olds born with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). Secondary aims were to compare results with peers without CP, and to investigate if there are gender differences in articulation skills...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739189/endoscopic-transcanal-myringoplasty-for-tympanic-perforations-an-outpatient-minimally-invasive-procedure
#6
Chih-Chieh Tseng, Ming-Tang Lai, Chia-Che Wu, Sheng-Po Yuan, Yi-Fang Ding
OBJECTIVE: Since the 1950s, microscopic myringoplasty has been the standard surgery for repairing a perforated tympanic membrane. In addition to conventional microscopic myringoplasty, endoscopic myringoplasty has been an emerging technique since the late 1990s. This study evaluated the efficacy of endoscopic transcanal myringoplasty for repairing tympanic perforations and examined the minimally invasive feature of this technique (no postauricular incision, no canalplasty). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent endoscopic transcanal myringoplasty for perforations of the tympanic membrane...
July 21, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738977/glutathione-peroxidase-3-gene-polymorphisms-and-the-risk-of-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#7
Chen-Yu Chien, Tzu-Yen Huang, Shu-Yu Tai, Ning-Chia Chang, Hsun-Mo Wang, Ling-Feng Wang, Kuen-Yao Ho
The glutathione peroxidase 3 gene (GPX3) is reported to be a risk factor for arterial ischaemic stroke and cerebral venous thrombosis. GPX3 may be one of the aetiologies of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL), which might be attributed to the genetic effect of GPX3 by influence reactive oxygen species (ROS). Unbalanced ROS have been associated with susceptibility to SSNHL. Therefore, we conducted a case-control study with 416 SSNHL cases and 255 controls. Five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were selected...
July 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738854/understanding-clinician-attitudes-towards-implementation-of-guided-self-help-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-those-who-hear-distressing-voices-using-factor-analysis-to-test-normalisation-process-theory
#8
Cassie M Hazell, Clara Strauss, Mark Hayward, Kate Cavanagh
BACKGROUND: The Normalisation Process Theory (NPT) has been used to understand the implementation of physical health care interventions. The current study aims to apply the NPT model to a secondary mental health context, and test the model using exploratory factor analysis. This study will consider the implementation of a brief cognitive behaviour therapy for psychosis (CBTp) intervention. METHODS: Mental health clinicians were asked to complete a NPT-based questionnaire on the implementation of a brief CBTp intervention...
July 24, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738747/how-directional-microphones-affect-speech-recognition-listening-effort-and-localisation-for-listeners-with-moderate-to-severe-hearing-loss
#9
Erin M Picou, Todd A Ricketts
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of directional microphone use on laboratory measures of sentence recognition, listening effort and localisation. An additional purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of asymmetric directional microphone use on the same laboratory measures. DESIGN: Three hearing aid conditions were evaluated: (1) bilateral omnidirectional microphones, (2) bilateral directional microphones and (3) asymmetric microphones (directional microphone for only one hearing aid)...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738135/development-of-a-shortened-version-of-the-spatial-hearing-questionnaire-shq-s-for-screening-spatial-hearing-ability
#10
Hua Ou, Ann Perreau, Richard Tyler
Purpose: The Spatial Hearing Questionnaire (SHQ) was developed to address how to measure spatial-hearing ability in complex listening situations (Tyler, Perreau, & Ji, 2009). It has been translated and validated into various languages, including Chinese, Dutch, French, and Persian. Although the SHQ contains only 24 items, it could be time-consuming in a busy clinic to administer. The purposes of this study were to develop and validate a shortened version of the SHQ (SHQ-S) and to compare self-perceived spatial-hearing ability across adults with normal hearing (NH), hearing loss (HL), and cochlear implants (CIs)...
July 24, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737551/vibrotactile-thresholds-on-the-mastoid-and-forehead-position-of-deaf-patients-using-radioear-b71-and-b81
#11
Karl-Johan Fredén Jansson, Bo Håkansson, Sabine Reinfeldt, Laura Fröhlich, Torsten Rahne
OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study was to measure the vibrotactile thresholds on the mastoid process and forehead positions using patients with bilateral deafness and to compare the results from the two bone conduction vibrators Radioear B71 and B81. DESIGN: There is a possibility that the vibrotactile sensation on the skin makes it difficult to discriminate between sound and vibration. The risk is highest for patients who have bone conduction hearing thresholds in proximity to or worse than their vibrotactile thresholds...
July 21, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737283/prevalence-of-hearing-and-vestibular-loss-in-cystic-fibrosis-patients-exposed-to-aminoglycosides
#12
Jaynee A Handelsman, Samya Z Nasr, Crystal Pitts, William M King
AIM: Cystic Fibrosis (CF) patients frequently use aminoglycosides (AGS) to treat CF exacerbation due to colonization with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Although AGS can cause vestibular and auditory sensory losses that can negatively impact quality of life, little is known about the prevalence of vestibular loss in this population. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hearing loss and/or vestibular dysfunction in CF patients treated with AGS. METHODS: The relationship between hearing status and vestibular status was also investigated...
July 24, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737048/ototoxicity-monitoring-in-children-treated-with-platinum-chemotherapy
#13
Beth Brooks, Kristin Knight
OBJECTIVE: To review the prevalence, mechanisms, clinical presentation, risk factors and implications of platinum-induced ototoxicity in paediatric cancer patients based on published evidence, discuss options for monitoring hearing in young children during treatment and review long-term follow-up guidelines. DESIGN: Narrative literature review. RESULTS: Children treated with cisplatin are at high risk of hearing loss and early, accurate identification of ototoxicity is important for medical decision making and hearing rehabilitation...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736517/resolution-of-cochlear-inflammation-novel-target-for-preventing-or-ameliorating-drug-noise-and-age-related-hearing-loss
#14
REVIEW
Gilda M Kalinec, Gwen Lomberk, Raul A Urrutia, Federico Kalinec
A significant number of studies support the idea that inflammatory responses are intimately associated with drug-, noise- and age-related hearing loss (DRHL, NRHL and ARHL). Consequently, several clinical strategies aimed at reducing auditory dysfunction by preventing inflammation are currently under intense scrutiny. Inflammation, however, is a normal adaptive response aimed at restoring tissue functionality and homeostasis after infection, tissue injury and even stress under sterile conditions, and suppressing it could have unintended negative consequences...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735495/neuroanatomical-and-resting-state-eeg-power-correlates-of-central-hearing-loss-in-older-adults
#15
Nathalie Giroud, Sarah Hirsiger, Raphaela Muri, Andrea Kegel, Norbert Dillier, Martin Meyer
To gain more insight into central hearing loss, we investigated the relationship between cortical thickness and surface area, speech-relevant resting state EEG power, and above-threshold auditory measures in older adults and younger controls. Twenty-three older adults and 13 younger controls were tested with an adaptive auditory test battery to measure not only traditional pure-tone thresholds, but also above individual thresholds of temporal and spectral processing. The participants' speech recognition in noise (SiN) was evaluated, and a T1-weighted MRI image obtained for each participant...
July 22, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731964/the-relationship-between-environmental-sound-awareness-and-speech-recognition-skills-in-experienced-cochlear-implant-users
#16
Michael S Harris, Lauren Boyce, David B Pisoni, Valeriy Shafiro, Aaron C Moberly
HYPOTHESIS: 1) Environmental sound awareness (ESA) and speech recognition skills in experienced, adult cochlear implant (CI) users will be highly correlated, and, 2) ESA skills of CI users will be significantly lower than those of age-matched adults with normal hearing. BACKGROUND: Enhancement of ESA is often discussed with patients with sensorineural hearing loss as a potential benefit of implantation and, in some cases, ESA may be a major motivating factor. Despite its ecological validity and patients' expectations, ESA remains largely a presumed skill...
July 20, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731912/assessing-infant-and-maternal-readiness-for-newborn-discharge
#17
Ling Jing, Casidhe-Nicole Bethancourt, Thomas McDonagh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review highlights the shift from prescribed length of stay (LOS) to mother-infant dyad readiness as the basis for making discharge decisions for healthy term newborns. We describe the components of readiness that should be considered in making the decision, focusing on infant clinical readiness, and maternal and familial readiness. RECENT FINDINGS: Although the Newborns' and Mothers' Health Protection Act of 1996 aimed to protect infants and mothers by establishing a minimum LOS, the American Academy of Pediatrics 2015 policy on newborn discharge acknowledges the shift from LOS-based to readiness-based discharge decision-making...
July 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730299/prophylactic-etanercept-treatment-in-cisplatin-ototoxicity
#18
Sinem Dasli, Murat Topdag, Ahmet Mutlu, Ahmet Kara, Murat Ozturk
The aim of our study was to evaluate the audiological protective effects of etanercept using distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) in rats with hearing loss due to cisplatin ototoxicity. The study began with 36 healthy female albino rats; 31 rats had good measurements in DPOAE and were included in the study. On day 0, a single dose of etanercept was given by intraperitoneal administration to 15 rats (etanercept group). No medication was given to the control group. After 24 h, 16 mg/kg cisplatin was given to all rats...
July 20, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728240/-the-implantation-of-bonebridge-in-bilateral-congenital-malformation-of-external-and-middle-ear
#19
S Q Zhao, R Ren, D M Han, Y Li, X B Ma, D N Wang, Y L Li
Objective: To evaluate the auditory efficacy of Bonebridge implantation in patients with bilateral congenital malformation of external and middle ear. Methods: Eleven cases (6 males and 5 females) had unilateral Bonebridge implantation. The age ranged from 8 to 26 and the average age was 16.9. Seven to ten days after operation, the first fitting was undergone. In acoustic sound field, the average auditory thresholds were respectively measured for unaided ears and Bonebridge implanted ears by pure tone auditory (PTA, 0...
July 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726592/effect-of-extreme-adaptive-frequency-compression-in-bimodal-listeners-on-sound-localization-and-speech-perception
#20
Lidwien C E Veugen, Josef Chalupper, Lucas H M Mens, Ad F M Snik, A John van Opstal
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to improve access to high-frequency interaural level differences (ILD), by applying extreme frequency compression (FC) in the hearing aid (HA) of 13 bimodal listeners, using a cochlear implant (CI) and conventional HA in opposite ears. DESIGN: An experimental signal-adaptive frequency-lowering algorithm was tested, compressing frequencies above 160 Hz into the individual audible range of residual hearing, but only for consonants (adaptive FC), thus protecting vowel formants, with the aim to preserve speech perception...
July 20, 2017: Cochlear Implants International
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