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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776866/hearing-impairment-in-type-2-diabetics-and-patients-with-early-diabetic-nephropathy
#1
Jianmin Ren, Fufu Ma, Yujing Zhou, Anting Xu, Jianjian Zhang, Rong Ma, Xiaoyan Xiao
AIMS: The study was to investigate the hearing function in subjects with non-diabetic nephropathy and diabetic nephropathy and analyze related clinical indexes of hearing impairment. METHODS: We assessed the hearing function of 30 diabetics (DM group), 30 patients with early diabetic nephropathy (DN group) and 30 healthy subjects (NC group) using pure-tone audiometry, otoacoustic emissions, electronystagmography, caloric test and cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP)...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776326/validity-of-the-hum-test-a-simple-and-reliable-alternative-to-the-weber-test
#2
Omar H Ahmed, Sara C Gallant, Ryan Ruiz, Binhuan Wang, William H Shapiro, Erich P Voigt
OBJECTIVES: To compare the diagnostic performance of the Hum Test against the Weber Test using pure tone audiometry (PTA) as the "gold standard" comparator. METHODS: 29 participants with normal hearing of ages 18 to 35 without any history of hearing abnormalities or otologic conditions were enrolled. Subjects underwent three tests (Hum Test, Weber Test, and PTA) across two conditions: with an ear plug in one ear (side randomized) and without ear plugs...
June 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775022/-establishment-of-the-characterization-of-an-adult-digits-in-noise-test-based-on-internet
#3
B E Qi, T B Zhang, X X Fu, G P Li
Objective: The aim of this study is to explore the sensitivity and specificity of the internet-based digital noise threshold (DIN) test for detecting noise-induced hearing loss, expecting to provide a rapid and effective screening tool for clinical application. Method: This study enrolled 50 adult subjects, of which 34 were normal hearing (NH), 16 patients with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Pure-tone audiometry, acoustic immittance and DIN test were tested respectively. Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to analyze the correlation between NH and SNHL...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775021/-the-correlation-between-radiological-classification-and-clinical-audiometry-in-otosclerosis
#4
Y Ren, K Wang, J Q Zhang
Objective: The aim of this study is to explore the correlation between radiological classification on HRCT and effects on surgery with hearing improvement in otosclerosis. Method: Thirty three patients (66 ears) with otosclerosis were enrolled to this study, who would be done operation using Fischs stapes surgery technique. All patients were classified according to axial HRCT preoperatively. All patients were evaluated by pure tone test preoperatively and 6 months postoperatively. Correlation between radiological classification and hearing effects were studied...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770223/profound-hearing-loss-following-surgery-in-pediatric-patients-with-posterior-fossa-low-grade-glioma
#5
Yahya Ghazwani, Ibrahim Qaddoumi, Johnnie K Bass, Shengjie Wu, Jason Chiang, Frederick Boop, Amar Gajjar, Zsila Sadighi
Background: Hearing loss may occur in patients with posterior fossa low-grade glioma who undergo surgery. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 217 patients with posterior fossa low-grade glioma, including 115 for whom results of hearing tests performed after surgery and before chemotherapy or radiation therapy were available. We explored the association of UHL with age at diagnosis, sex, race, tumor location, extent of resection, posterior fossa syndrome, ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement, and histology...
May 2018: Neuro-oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770122/acute-unilateral-audiovestibulopathy-due-to-embolic-labyrinthine-infarction
#6
Zhong Liqun, Kee-Hong Park, Hyo-Jung Kim, Sun-Uk Lee, Jeong-Yoon Choi, Ji-Soo Kim
Introduction: Labyrinthine infarction is a cause of acute audiovestibulopathy, but can be diagnosed only in association with other infarctions involving the brainstem or cerebellar areas supplied by the anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) since current imaging techniques cannot visualize an infarction confined to the labyrinth. This case series aimed to establish embolic labyrinthine infarction as a mechanism of isolated acute audiovestibulopathy. Methods: We analyzed clinical features, imaging findings, and mechanisms of embolism in 10 patients (8 men, age range: 38-76) who had developed acute audiovestibulopathy in association with an obvious source of embolism and concurrent acute embolic infarctions in the non-anterior inferior cerebellar artery territories...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765451/sequencing-of-exons-4-5-12-of-coch-gene-in-patients-with-postlingual-sensorineural-hearing-loss-accompanied-by-vestibular-lesion
#7
Marzena Mielczarek, Jurek Olszewski, Piotr Pietkiewicz
Introduction: Mutations at the DFNA9 locus on chromosome 14q12 are the third most common form of DFNA hearing loss, which is clinically characterized by late onset (in adulthood) progressive sensorineural hearing loss accompanied by vestibular dysfunction. The aim of the study was to search for COCH gene mutations (P51S, V66G, G87W, G88E, V104del, I109N, W117R, A119T, M512T, C542Y) in patients with severe or profound sensorineural hearing loss accompanied by a vestibular lesion. Material and methods: The study was based on a group of 30 patients...
April 2018: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764886/association-between-dipstick-proteinuria-and-hearing-impairment-in-health-check-ups-among-japanese-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Mitsumasa Umesawa, Mikako Hara, Toshimi Sairenchi, Yasuo Haruyama, Masanori Nagao, Munehiro Matsushita, Gen Kobashi
OBJECTIVE: Prevention of hearing impairment is important because it is difficult to recover from it. Epidemiological studies have examined the risk factors for hearing impairment; however, the association between dipstick proteinuria and hearing impairment has not been previously examined. This study aimed to clarify the association between dipstick proteinuria and hearing impairment. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Office and factory workers from all over Japan...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764777/comparison-of-social-interaction-between-cochlear-implanted-children-with-normal-intelligence-undergoing-auditory-verbal-therapy-and-normal-hearing-children-a-pilot-study
#9
Leila Monshizadeh, Roshanak Vameghi, Firoozeh Sajedi, Fariba Yadegari, Seyed Basir Hashemi, Petra Kirchem, Fatemeh Kasbi
OBJECTIVE: A cochlear implant is a device that helps hearing-impaired children by transmitting sound signals to the brain and helping them improve their speech, language, and social interaction. Although various studies have investigated the different aspects of speech perception and language acquisition in cochlear-implanted children, little is known about their social skills, particularly Persian-speaking cochlear-implanted children. Considering the growing number of cochlear implants being performed in Iran and the increasing importance of developing near-normal social skills as one of the ultimate goals of cochlear implantation, this study was performed to compare the social interaction between Iranian cochlear-implanted children who have undergone rehabilitation (auditory verbal therapy) after surgery and normal-hearing children...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764773/cochlear-implant-electrode-array-from-partial-to-full-insertion-in-non-human-primate-model
#10
Raquel Manrique-Huarte, Diego Calavia, Maria Antonia Gallego, Manuel Manrique
OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility of progressive insertion (two sequential surgeries: partial to full insertion) of an electrode array and to compare functional outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 8 normal-hearing animals (Macaca fascicularis (MF)) were included. A 14 contact electrode array, which is suitably sized for the MF cochlea was partially inserted (PI) in 16 ears. After 3 months of follow-up revision surgery the electrode was advanced to a full insertion (FI) in 8 ears...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764328/community-based-hearing-screening-for-young-children-using-an-mhealth-service-delivery-model
#11
Shouneez Yousuf Hussein, De Wet Swanepoel, Faheema Mahomed, Leigh Biagio de Jager
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss is one of the most common developmental disorders identifiable at birth with its prevalence increasing throughout school years. However, early detection programs are mostly unavailable in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) where more than 80% of children with hearing loss reside. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the feasibility of a smartphone-based hearing screening program for preschool children operated by community healthcare workers (CHWs) in community-based early childhood development (ECD) centers...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764254/evaluation-of-a-multi-channel-algorithm-for-reducing-transient-sounds
#12
Mahmoud Keshavarzi, Thomas Baer, Brian C J Moore
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate and select appropriate parameters for a multi-channel transient reduction (MCTR) algorithm for detecting and attenuating transient sounds in speech. DESIGN: In each trial, the same sentence was played twice. A transient sound was presented in both sentences, but its level varied across the two depending on whether or not it had been processed by the MCTR and on the "strength" of the processing. The participant indicated their preference for which one was better and by how much in terms of the balance between the annoyance produced by the transient and the audibility of the transient (they were told that the transient should still be audible)...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764239/horizontal-sound-localisation-accuracy-in-individuals-with-conductive-hearing-loss-effect-of-the-bone-conduction-implant
#13
Filip Asp, Sabine Reinfeldt
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to quantify the effect of the Bone Conduction Implant (BCI) on sound localisation accuracy in subjects with conductive hearing loss (CHL). DESIGN: The subjects were tested in a horizontal sound localisation task in which localisation responses were objectively obtained by eye-tracking, in a prospective, cross-sectional design. The tests were performed unaided and unilaterally aided. The stimulus used had a spectrum similar to female speech and was presented at 63 and 73 dB SPL...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761835/attention-to-speech-and-spoken-language-development-in-deaf-children-with-cochlear-implants-a-10-year-longitudinal-study
#14
Yuanyuan Wang, Carissa L Shafto, Derek M Houston
Early auditory/language experience plays an important role in language development. In this study, we examined the effects of severe-to-profound hearing loss and subsequent cochlear implantation on the development of attention to speech in children with cochlear implants (CIs). In addition, we investigated the extent to which attention to speech may predict spoken language development in children with CIs. We tested children with CIs and compared them to chronologically age-matched peers with normal hearing (NH) on their attention to speech at four time points post implantation; specifically, less than 1 month, 3 to 6 months, 12 months, and 18 months post implantation...
May 15, 2018: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761349/intracochlear-administration-of-steroids-with-a-catheter-during-human-cochlear-implantation-a-safety-and-feasibility-study
#15
Nils K Prenzler, Rolf Salcher, Max Timm, Lutz Gaertner, Thomas Lenarz, Athanasia Warnecke
Suppression of foreign body reaction, improvement of electrode-nerve interaction, and preservation of residual hearing are essential research topics in cochlear implantation. Intracochlear pharmaco- or cell-based therapies can open new horizons in this field. Local drug delivery strategies are desirable as higher local concentrations of agents can be realized and side effects can be minimized compared to systemic administrations. When administered locally at accessible, basal parts of the cochlea, drugs reach apical regions later and in much lower concentrations due to poor diffusion patterns in cochlear fluids...
May 14, 2018: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761033/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-congenital-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#16
Divya A Chari, Dylan K Chan
Purpose of Review: The aim of this report is to review current literature regarding the work-up and management of congenital sensorineural hearing loss. Recent Findings: Diagnostic evaluation of a newborn with sensorineural hearing loss begins with a complete audiologic evaluation and comprehensive history and physical exam. This review presents a diagnostic algorithm for the work-up of congenital hearing loss, focusing on the three following modalities: cytomegalovirus testing, genetic evaluation, and imaging...
December 2017: Current Otorhinolaryngology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757800/are-you-there-for-me-joint-engagement-and-emotional-availability-in-parent-child-interactions-for-toddlers-with-moderate-hearing-loss
#17
Evelien Dirks, Carolien Rieffe
OBJECTIVES: This study examined joint engagement and emotional availability of parent-child interactions for toddlers with moderate hearing loss (MHL) compared with toddlers with normal hearing (NH) and in relation to children's language abilities. DESIGN: The participants in this study were 25 children with MHL (40 to 60 dB hearing loss) and 26 children with NH (mean age: 33.3 months). The children and their parents were filmed during a 10-minute free play session in their homes...
May 11, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757799/improved-detection-of-vowel-envelope-frequency-following-responses-using-hotelling-s-t2-analysis
#18
Frederique J Vanheusden, Steven L Bell, Michael A Chesnaye, David M Simpson
OBJECTIVES: Objective detection of brainstem responses to natural speech stimuli is an important tool for the evaluation of hearing aid fitting, especially in people who may not be able to respond reliably in behavioral tests. Of particular interest is the envelope frequency following response (eFFR), which refers to the EEG response at the stimulus' fundamental frequency (and its harmonics), and here in particular to the response to natural spoken vowel sounds. This article introduces the frequency-domain Hotelling's T (HT2) method for eFFR detection...
May 11, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757798/tinnitus-severity-is-related-to-the-sound-exposure-of-symphony-orchestra-musicians-independently-of-hearing-impairment
#19
Jesper Hvass Schmidt, Helene M Paarup, Jesper Bælum
OBJECTIVES: Tinnitus can be debilitating and with great impact of musicians professional and private life. The objectives of the study were therefore to: (1) describe the epidemiology of tinnitus including its severity in classical orchestra musicians, (2) investigate the association between tinnitus severity in classical musicians and their cumulative lifetime sound exposure, and (3) the association between tinnitus and hearing thresholds. DESIGN: The study population included all musicians from five Danish symphony orchestras...
May 11, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757361/effects-of-rhinoplasty-on-labyrinthine-function
#20
Ahmet Mahmut Tekin, Erkan Soylu, Handan Turan Dizdar, Fahrettin Yilmaz, Yildirim Ahmet Bayazit
Background: Rhinoplasty is a common surgical procedure that is requested and accepted by patients for cosmetic and functional reasons. Osteotomies are performed on nasal bone, maxillary crest, or vomer to fix the deviations of the nasal dorsum or septum. During the percussion of the osteotomes with the surgical mallet, the vibration energy diffuses to the cranium. Auditory and vestibular systems may be affected by these vibrations. Objectives: To assess the effects of rhinoplasty, in which osteotomies were performed using a hammer, on the audiovestibular system...
May 11, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
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