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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717207/barcoding-utility-in-a-mega-diverse-cross-continental-genus-keeping-pace-with-cyrtodactylus-geckos
#1
Ian G Brennan, Aaron M Bauer, Ngo Van Tri, Yun-Yu Wang, Wen-Zhi Wang, Ya-Ping Zhang, Robert W Murphy
Over the past decade, DNA barcoding has become a staple of low-cost molecular systematic investigations. The availability of universal primers and subsidized sequencing projects (PolarBOL, SharkBOL, SpongeBOL) have driven this popularity, often without appropriate investigation into the utility of barcoding data for the taxonomic group of interest. Here, our primary aim is to determine the phylogenetic value of DNA barcoding (mitochondrial locus COI) within the gecko genus Cyrtodactylus. With >40 new species described since last systematic investigation, Cyrtodactylus represents one of the most diverse extant squamate genera, and their contemporary distribution spans the Indian subcontinent, eastward through Indochina, and into AustraloPapua...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704146/legacy-interventions-with-patients-with-co-occurring-disorders-legacy-definitions-life-satisfaction-and-self-efficacy
#2
Felina C Franklin, Monit Cheung
BACKGROUND: Individuals with co-occurring disorders tend to avoid interaction with others. To instill hope, legacy intervention aims to highlight past experiences while managing life stressors for a positive outlook. Participants take part in legacy activities-crafting tangible projects and recording one's life events-in order to actualize a personal sense of legacy. OBJECTIVES: This pre-posttest research tested whether legacy intervention in a partial hospital program (PHP) on reframing past experiences through creative activities could increase life satisfaction and self-efficacy among adults with co-occurring substance misuse and mental health symptoms...
July 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703276/occurrence-of-sympatric-charr-groups-salvelinus-salmonidae-in-the-lakes-of-kamchatka-a-legacy-of-the-last-glaciations
#3
E V Esin, E S Bocharova, N S Mugue, G N Markevich
Six postglacial lakes were studied along both sides of the Kamchatka central mountain range, Russia. Pairs of local morphotypes of species of Arctic charrs, Salvelinus spp., have previously been described from the southernmost lakes while the fish fauna of the four northernmost lakes was studied here for the first time. Phenotypic data support the division of Kamchatkan lacustrine charrs into two groups according to the number of gill rakers and pyloric caeca, as well as snout-dorsal and snout-ventral distances (MANOVA, P < 0·001)...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701566/chronotype-variation-drives-night-time-sentinel-like-behaviour-in-hunter-gatherers
#4
David R Samson, Alyssa N Crittenden, Ibrahim A Mabulla, Audax Z P Mabulla, Charles L Nunn
Sleep is essential for survival, yet it also represents a time of extreme vulnerability to predation, hostile conspecifics and environmental dangers. To reduce the risks of sleeping, the sentinel hypothesis proposes that group-living animals share the task of vigilance during sleep, with some individuals sleeping while others are awake. To investigate sentinel-like behaviour in sleeping humans, we investigated activity patterns at night among Hadza hunter-gatherers of Tanzania. Using actigraphy, we discovered that all subjects were simultaneously scored as asleep for only 18 min in total over 20 days of observation, with a median of eight individuals awake throughout the night-time period; thus, one or more individuals was awake (or in light stages of sleep) during 99...
July 12, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697859/emergency-preparedness-for-mass-gatherings-lessons-of-12-31-stampede-in%C3%A2-shanghai-bund
#5
Yong-He Dong, Fei Liu, Yong-Mei Liu, Xia-Rong Jiang, Zhong-Xin Zhao
According to WHO, one of these mass gatherings with critical risk is stampedes. Shanghai "12.31" stampede was a preventable tragedy that the government and event planner hold responsibility for. At the same time, it can be a legacy for improvement in the future. The government should draw experience on the implementation of an emergency preparedness system, in order to improve the rapid emergency response during mass gatherings in the future.
May 25, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693111/occurrence-and-spatial-distribution-of-legacy-and-emerging-organic-pollutants-in-marine-sediments-from-the-atlantic-coast-andalusia-sw-spain
#6
Marina G Pintado-Herrera, Tatiane Combi, Carmen Corada-Fernández, Eduardo González-Mazo, Pablo A Lara-Martín
Contamination of aquatic systems by no longer used but very persistent compounds (e.g., organochlorine pesticides) and newly detected chemicals, such as personal care products (PCPs), represents a raising concern. In this study, we carried out one of the first comparisons of both types of contaminants, legacy and emerging, in two coastal systems (Cadiz Bay and Huelva Estuary). A wide range of analytes were selected to this end, including hydrocarbons, UV filters, fragrances, and antimicrobials. Analysis of surface sediments revealed the occurrence of 46 out of 97 target analytes, most of them predominantly accumulated in depositional areas with high organic carbon content...
July 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688993/fat-demented-and-stupid-an-unrecognized-legacy-of-pediatric-urology
#7
REVIEW
Christopher S Cooper
The human body is an unfathomably intricate structure consisting of many connected and intertwined systems. This makes it impossible for therapeutic interventions to selectively target only one physiologic system without some impact or side effects on all the other systems. The resiliency of the human body modifies and disguises side effects, some of which may be undetectable for years and not apparent without scientific investigation. Pediatric urologists employ relatively few medications for the common conditions they treat and in general these consist of antibiotics, anticholinergics, and anesthetics...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674935/the-paths-of-andrew-a-benson-a-radio-autobiography
#8
Arthur M Nonomura, Barry Holtz, Karl Y Biel, Robert Cooney, George Lorimer, Govindjee
Andrew A. Benson, one of the greatest biochemists of our time, is celebrated on his centennial by the authors with whom he interacted performing experiments or contemplating metabolic pathways in a wide range of biological kingdoms. He charted the chemical flow of energy in cells, tissues, organs, plants, animals, and ecosystems. Benson collaborated with hundreds of colleagues to examine the natural history of autotrophy, mixotrophy, and heterotrophy while elucidating metabolic pathways. We present here a biological perspective of his body of studies...
July 3, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669095/simultaneous-effect-of-dissolved-organic-carbon-surfactant-and-organic-acid-on-the-desorption-of-pesticides-investigated-by-response-surface-methodology
#9
Ha Thu Trinh, Hanh Thi Duong, Thao Thi Ta, Hoang Van Cao, Bjarne W Strobel, Giang Truong Le
Desorption of pesticides (fenobucarb, endosulfan, and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT)) from soil to aqueous solution with the simultaneous presence of dissolved organic carbon (DOC), sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), and sodium oxalate (Oxa) was investigated in batch test by applying a full factorial design and the Box-Behnken response surface methodology (RSM). Five concentration levels of DOC (8 to 92 mg L(-1)), SDS (0 to 6.4 critical micelle concentration (CMC)), and Oxa (0 to 0.15 M) were used for the experiments with a rice field topsoil...
July 2, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664603/r-%C3%A2-b-woodward-a-larger-than-life-chemistry-rock-star
#10
Jeffrey I Seeman
To mark the 100th birthday of R. B. Woodward (April 10, 1917-July 8, 1979), a discussion and analysis of Woodward's persona is given. The fundamental theme is that "Woodward experienced his own exceptionality," as described by Albert Eschenmoser, Woodward's partner in the vitamin B12 project. Woodward's rock star personality is explored and discussed as one of his legacies in addition to his scientific achievements. Woodward presented himself to his students, colleagues, and fellow chemists with an aura of nobility and romanticism...
June 30, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662594/-this-is-what-family-does-the-family-experience-of-caring-for-serious-illness
#11
Eric W Anderson, Katie M White
BACKGROUND: As the demographics of caregiving in United States evolve toward multigenerational, distributed family structures, the ways in which individuals and their families experience serious illness are changing. As part of a project to create an innovative model of supportive care for serious illness, a series of user interviews were conducted, forming the basis for this article. OBJECTIVE: To understand the experience of caregiving for individuals with serious illness from an intergenerational family perspective...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639415/anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-for-diabetic-macular-oedema-a-network-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Gianni Virgili, Mariacristina Parravano, Jennifer R Evans, Iris Gordon, Ersilia Lucenteforte
BACKGROUND: Diabetic macular oedema (DMO) is a common complication of diabetic retinopathy. Antiangiogenic therapy with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) modalities can reduce oedema and thereby improve vision and prevent further visual loss. These drugs have replaced laser photocoagulation as the standard of care for people with DMO. OBJECTIVES: The 2014 update of this review found high-quality evidence of benefit with antiangiogenic therapy with anti-VEGF modalities, compared to laser photocoagulation, for the treatment of DMO...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636099/spectators-or-participants-how-can-setac-become-more-engaged-in-international-climate-change-research-programs
#13
Ralph G Stahl, Jennifer L Stauber, William H Clements
Environmental toxicologists and chemists have been crucial to evaluating the chemical fate and toxicological effects of environmental contaminants, including chlorinated pesticides, before and after Rachel Carson's publication of Silent Spring in 1962. Like chlorinated pesticides previously, global climate change is widely considered to be one of the most important environmental challenges of our time. Over the past 30 yr, climate scientists and modelers have shown that greenhouse gases such as CO2 and CH4 cause radiative forcing (climate forcing) and lead to increased global temperatures...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604491/spinal-flexibility-assessment-on-the-patients-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-ais-a-literature-review
#14
Chen He, Man-Sang Wong
STUDY DESIGN: Literature review OBJECTIVE.: To review the contemporary methods for spinal flexibility assessment on the patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spinal flexibility is one of the essential parameters for clinical decisions on the patients with AIS. Various methods of spinal flexibility assessment are proposed, but which method(s) could better reveal spinal flexibility or predict treatment effect is unclear. METHODS: The databases of AbleData, IBSS, Academic Search Premier, MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL, Recal Legacy, REHABDATA, Embase and Web of Science were searched...
June 9, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562238/the-orthopedic-trauma-symposium-improving-care-of-orthopedic-injuries-in-haiti
#15
Ryan Normore, Helena Greene, Allison DeLong, Andrew Furey
BACKGROUND: Although single-trip volunteer medical teams can provide much-needed acute trauma care following natural disasters, their ability to leave a legacy of improved care in the region is often limited. One way to improve treatment of traumatic injuries is through conference-based teaching, such as the Orthopedic Trauma Symposium (OTS), which took place in Haiti in 2014. However, there is little research evaluating the effectiveness of such teaching tools. We evaluated the OTS and the potential benefits of future iterations of the course...
June 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560765/an-amazonian-rainforest-and-its-fragments-as-a-laboratory-of-global-change
#16
William F Laurance, José L C Camargo, Philip M Fearnside, Thomas E Lovejoy, G Bruce Williamson, Rita C G Mesquita, Christoph F J Meyer, Paulo E D Bobrowiec, Susan G W Laurance
We synthesize findings from one of the world's largest and longest-running experimental investigations, the Biological Dynamics of Forest Fragments Project (BDFFP). Spanning an area of ∼1000 km(2) in central Amazonia, the BDFFP was initially designed to evaluate the effects of fragment area on rainforest biodiversity and ecological processes. However, over its 38-year history to date the project has far transcended its original mission, and now focuses more broadly on landscape dynamics, forest regeneration, regional- and global-change phenomena, and their potential interactions and implications for Amazonian forest conservation...
May 30, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547884/lack-of-transgene-and-glyphosate-effects-on-yield-and-mineral-and-amino-acid-content-of-glyphosate-resistant-soybean
#17
Stephen O Duke, Agnes M Rimando, Krishna N Reddy, James V Cizdziel, Nacer Bellaloui, David R Shaw, Martin M Williams, Jude E Maul
BACKGROUND: There has been controversy as to whether the glyphosate resistance gene and/or glyphosate applied to glyphosate-resistant (GR) soybean affect the content of cationic minerals (especially Mg, Mn, and Fe), yield and amino acid content of GR soybean. A two-year field study (2013 and 2014) examined these questions at sites in Mississippi, USA. RESULTS: There were no effects of glyphosate, the GR transgene, or field crop history (for a field with both no history of glyphosate use versus one with a long history of glyphosate use) on grain yield...
May 25, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527498/electronic-health-record-transition-considerations
#18
REVIEW
Louis E Penrod
After an initial phase of electronic health record (EHR) solutions for both independent practices and larger health care organizations, we are now entering a period in which transitioning between EHRs is becoming more common. Many of the decisions and implementation processes for an EHR transition are similar to those encountered during the transition from paper records to an EHR. Detailed project planning and management are essential to keep the effort on track and within budget to a successful conclusion...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509679/the-impact-of-next-generation-sequencing-in-immunogenetics-current-status-and-future-directions
#19
Valia Bravo-Egana, Dimitri Monos
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Next-generation sequencing (NGS) has now been established, and widely recognized, to be the preferred choice for human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing. This transformation is based upon the many scientific, operational and economic benefits this technology affords. In this report, we review the major advantages, existing limitations and significant promise derived from adopting this technology in immunogenetics. RECENT FINDINGS: Significant benefits have emerged from the usage of NGS in a relatively short period, whereby we realize that this technology not only helps addressing the technical and operational problems we have had with the legacy methods for HLA typing, but equally important, it also allows for creative applications in stem cell and organ transplantation, new ways to investigate associations of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) with many diseases and enhance our understanding regarding the MHC and non-MHC genomic interactions...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493680/legacy-and-current-use-insecticides-in-agricultural-sediments-from-south-china-impact-of-application-pattern-on-occurrence-and-risk
#20
Yanli Wei, Huizhen Li, Junjie Zhang, Jingjing Xiong, Xiaoyi Yi, Jing You
Legacy and current-use insecticides were analyzed in sediments collected from a typical rice-planting region in South China. Total concentrations of insecticides varied from 1.63 to 775 ng g(-1) with mean and median values of 67.0 and 11.5 ng g(-1), respectively. Pyrethroids predominated pesticide composition (31.7%), followed by organophosphates (23.0%) and fiproles (20.8%). Sediment risk analysis showed that pyrethroids, fiproles, and abamectin posed significant risk to benthic invertebrates in one-third of sediments...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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