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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130377/negotiating-horizontality-in-medical-south-south-cooperation-the-cuban-mission-in-rio-de-janeiro-s-urban-peripheries
#1
Maria Lidola, Fabiano Tonaco Borges
For more than 50 years, Cuba has been one of the most important players in the field of international medical cooperation in the Global South. Between 2013 and 2016, Cuba maintained one of its largest cooperations with Brazil: nearly 11,400 Cuban physicians were sent to work within the framework of the Brazilian health programme 'More-Doctors-for-Brazil', which was implemented to improve Brazil's precarious public health sector. This paper inquires into the manifold challenges of horizontal connectivity in this medical South-South cooperation...
November 13, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107898/negative-effects-of-microplastic-exposure-on-growth-and-development-of-crepidula-onyx
#2
Hau Kwan Abby Lo, Kit Yu Karen Chan
Microplastics exposure could be detrimental to marine organisms especially under high concentrations. However, few studies have considered the multiphasic nature of marine invertebrates' life history and investigated the impact of experiencing microplastics during early development on post-metamorphic stages (legacy effect). Many planktonic larvae can feed selectively and it is unclear whether such selectivity could modulate the impact of algal food-sized microplastic. In this two-stage experiment, veligers of Crepidula onyx were first exposed to additions of algae-sized micro-polystyrene (micro-PS) beads at different concentrations, including ones that were comparable their algal diet...
November 3, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082574/the-contribution-of-pain-in-determining-the-health-status-of-cancer-patients-with-bone-metastases-a-secondary-analysis-of-data-from-three-phase-iii-registration-trials
#3
T R Mendoza, A C Dueck, Q Shi, H Ma, J Zhang, Y Qian, C S Cleeland
BACKGROUND: We aimed to provide a simple, descriptive health-status profile for cancer patients with bone metastases, based on the EuroQol EQ-5D, a tool commonly used to measure health utility scores, and to evaluate its association with the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI), a legacy pain-assessment tool. Although pain is one of five health-status dimensions measured by the EQ-5D, our understanding of how pain relates to the other EQ-5D dimensions is limited. METHODS: We derived data from 5500 patients with bone metastases who completed the EQ-5D and BPI...
October 30, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078043/doping-control-analysis-at-the-rio-2016-olympic-and-paralympic-games
#4
Henrique Marcelo Gualberto Pereira, Vinicius Figueiredo Sardela, Monica Costa Padilha, Luciana Mirotti, Alessandro Casilli, Fabio Azamor de Oliveira, Gustavo de Albuquerque Cavalcanti, Lucas Martins Lisandro Rodrigues, Amanda Lessa Dutra de Araujo, Rachel Santos Levy, Pedro Antonio Castelo Teixeira, Felipe Alves Gomes de Oliveira, Ana Carolina Giordani Duarte, Ana Carolina Dudenhoeffer Carneiro, Joseph Albert Medeiros Evaristo, Gustavo Ramalho Cardoso Dos Santos, Giovanni Carlo Verissimo da Costa, Fernando de Lima Castro, Fabio Cesar Sousa Nogueira, Fernanda Bertão Scalco, Luciana Pizzatti, Francisco Radler de Aquino Neto
This paper summarizes the results obtained from the doping control analyses performed during the Summer XXXI Olympic Games (from 03 to 21 August 2016) and XV Paralympic Games (from 07 to 18 September 2016). The analyses of all doping control samples were performed at the Brazilian Doping Control Laboratory (LBCD), a World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA)-accredited laboratory located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. A new facility at Rio de Janeiro Federal University (UFRJ) was built and fully operated by over seven hundred professionals, including Brazilian and international scientists, administrative staff and volunteers...
October 27, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993622/evidence-for-mid-holocene-rice-domestication-in-the-americas
#5
Lautaro Hilbert, Eduardo Góes Neves, Francisco Pugliese, Bronwen S Whitney, Myrtle Shock, Elizabeth Veasey, Carlos Augusto Zimpel, José Iriarte
The development of agriculture is one of humankind's most pivotal achievements. Questions about plant domestication and the origins of agriculture have engaged scholars for well over a century, with implications for understanding its legacy on global subsistence strategies, plant distribution, population health and the global methane budget. Rice is one of the most important crops to be domesticated globally, with both Asia (Oryza sativa L.) and Africa (Oryza glaberrima Steud.) discussed as primary centres of domestication...
October 9, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978975/childhood-obesity-prevention-through-a-community-based-cluster-randomized-controlled-physical-activity-intervention-among-schools-in-china-the-health-legacy-project-of-the-2nd-world-summer-youth-olympic-games-yog-obesity-study
#6
Z Wang, F Xu, Q Ye, L A Tse, H Xue, Z Tan, E Leslie, N Owen, Y Wang
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity has been becoming a worldwide public health problem. We conducted a community-based physical activity (PA) intervention program aiming at childhood obesity prevention in general student population in Nanjing of China, the host city of the 2nd World Summer Youth Olympic Games (YOG-Obesity study). METHODS: This was a cluster randomized controlled intervention study. Participants were the 4th (Mean age±s.e.: 9.0±0.01) and 7th (Mean age±s...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973157/the-sport-participation-legacy-of-major-events-in-the-uk
#7
Girish Ramchandani, Richard Coleman, Elizabeth Christy
This paper examines the extent to which attending major sporting events leads to subsequent changes in the sport participation behaviour of spectators. The research covered seven single-sport events of World or European level held in the UK in 2014 and was concerned with spectators (aged 16 and over) who attended one of these events. Baseline data was gathered from a sample of spectators at each event using a face-to-face survey. Follow-up data was captured using an online survey at least nine months post-event...
September 15, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972838/bronfenbrenner-s-bioecological-theory-revision-moving-culture-from-the-macro-into-the-micro
#8
Nicole M Vélez-Agosto, José G Soto-Crespo, Mónica Vizcarrondo-Oppenheimer, Stephanie Vega-Molina, Cynthia García Coll
Bronfenbrenner's bioecological theory of human development is one of the most widely known theoretical frameworks in human development. In spite of its popularity, the notion of culture within the macrosystem, as a separate entity of everyday practices and therefore microsystems, is problematic. Using the theoretical and empirical work of Rogoff and Weisner, and influenced as they are by Vygotsky's sociocultural perspective, we reconceptualize Bronfenbrenner's model by placing culture as an intricate part of proximal development processes...
September 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970615/a-qualitative-study-of-motivating-factors-for-pharmacy-student-leadership
#9
R Joel Moore, Diane B Ginsburg
Objective. To understand what motivates student pharmacists to seek a leadership position while in the professional pharmacy program and why these students choose to lead in a particular organization. Methods. A qualitative study was used to answer the research questions. Current student leaders were recruited to participate, and each completed a pre-interview questionnaire and a one-hour interview. All interviews were transcribed, and an interpretive phenomenological approach was used to describe, code, and analyze the experiences...
August 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953953/contaminants-of-emerging-concern-in-tributaries-to-the-laurentian-great-lakes-ii-biological-consequences-of-exposure
#10
Linnea M Thomas, Zachary G Jorgenson, Mark E Brigham, Steven J Choy, Jeremy N Moore, Jo A Banda, Daniel J Gefell, Thomas A Minarik, Heiko L Schoenfuss
The Laurentian Great Lakes contain one fifth of the world's surface freshwater and have been impacted by human activity since the Industrial Revolution. In addition to legacy contaminants, nitrification and invasive species, this aquatic ecosystem is also the recipient of Contaminants of Emerging Concern (CECs) with poorly understood biological consequences. In the current study, we documented the presence, concentrations, and biological effects of CECs across 27 field sites in six Great Lakes tributaries by examining over 2250 resident and caged sunfish (Lepomis ssp...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949425/elastic-inflatable-actuators-for-soft-robotic-applications
#11
REVIEW
Benjamin Gorissen, Dominiek Reynaerts, Satoshi Konishi, Kazuhiro Yoshida, Joon-Wan Kim, Michael De Volder
The 20th century's robotic systems have been made from stiff materials, and much of the developments have pursued ever more accurate and dynamic robots, which thrive in industrial automation, and will probably continue to do so for decades to come. However, the 21st century's robotic legacy may very well become that of soft robots. This emerging domain is characterized by continuous soft structures that simultaneously fulfill the role of robotic link and actuator, where prime focus is on design and fabrication of robotic hardware instead of software control...
September 26, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948880/econometrics-as-evidence-examining-the-causal-connections-between-financial-speculation-and-commodities-prices
#12
James W Williams, Nikolai M Cook
One of the lasting legacies of the financial crisis of 2008, and the legislative energies that followed from it, is the growing reliance on econometrics as part of the rulemaking process. Financial regulators are increasingly expected to rationalize proposed rules using available econometric techniques, and the courts have vacated several key rules emanating from Dodd-Frank on the grounds of alleged deficiencies in this evidentiary effort. The turn toward such econometric tools is seen as a significant constraint on and challenge to regulators as they endeavor to engage with such essential policy questions as the impact of financial speculation on food security...
October 2016: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945713/how-do-you-find-a-nursing-identity-within-a-family-legacy
#13
Elaine Mahon

My earliest memories of family dinners include conversations shared by my parents about patient catheters or diseases, entertaining patient anecdotes, and the relationship between nurses and doctors. As I grew up, my two older sisters added their own stories from their clinical nursing experiences. My mother has a doctorate of nursing science, my father is physician board certified in internal medicine and geriatrics, and both of my older sisters are nurses pursuing graduate degrees. My family has never been one to talk about sports or business; we always talked health and disease...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944472/improved-transcriptome-sampling-pinpoints-26-ancient-and-more-recent-polyploidy-events-in-caryophyllales-including-two-allopolyploidy-events
#14
Ya Yang, Michael J Moore, Samuel F Brockington, Jessica Mikenas, Julia Olivieri, Joseph F Walker, Stephen A Smith
Studies of the macroevolutionary legacy of polyploidy are limited by an incomplete sampling of these events across the tree of life. To better locate and understand these events, we need comprehensive taxonomic sampling as well as homology inference methods that accurately reconstruct the frequency and location of gene duplications. We assembled a data set of transcriptomes and genomes from 168 species in Caryophyllales, of which 43 transcriptomes were newly generated for this study, representing one of the most densely sampled genomic-scale data sets available...
September 25, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941017/beating-the-odds-the-poisson-distribution-of-all-input-cells-during-limiting-dilution-grossly-underestimates-whether-a-cell-line-is-clonally-derived-or-not
#15
Yizhou Zhou, David Shaw, Cynthia Lam, Joni Tsukuda, Mandy Yim, Danming Tang, Salina Louie, Michael W Laird, Brad Snedecor, Shahram Misaghi
Establishing that a cell line was derived from a single cell progenitor and defined as clonally-derived for the production of clinical and commercial therapeutic protein drugs has been the subject of increased emphasis in cell line development (CLD). Several regulatory agencies have expressed that the prospective probability of clonality for CHO cell lines is assumed to follow the Poisson distribution based on the input cell count. The probability of obtaining monoclonal progenitors based on the Poisson distribution of all cells suggests that one round of limiting dilution may not be sufficient to assure the resulting cell lines are clonally-derived...
September 23, 2017: Biotechnology Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940527/prioritizing-forest-fuels-treatments-based-on-the-probability-of-high-severity-fire-restores-adaptive-capacity-in-sierran-forests
#16
Daniel J Krofcheck, Matthew D Hurteau, Robert M Scheller, E Louise Loudermilk
In frequent fire forests of the western United States, a legacy of fire suppression coupled with increases in fire weather severity have altered fire regimes and vegetation dynamics. When coupled with projected climate change, these conditions have the potential to lead to vegetation type change and altered carbon (C) dynamics. In the Sierra Nevada, fuels reduction approaches that include mechanical thinning followed by regular prescribed fire are one approach to restore the ability of the ecosystem to tolerate episodic fire and still sequester C...
September 23, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928963/recent-advances-in-understanding-the-roles-of-whole-genome-duplications-in-evolution
#17
REVIEW
Carol MacKintosh, David E K Ferrier
Ancient whole-genome duplications (WGDs)- paleopolyploidy events-are key to solving Darwin's 'abominable mystery' of how flowering plants evolved and radiated into a rich variety of species. The vertebrates also emerged from their invertebrate ancestors via two WGDs, and genomes of diverse gymnosperm trees, unicellular eukaryotes, invertebrates, fishes, amphibians and even a rodent carry evidence of lineage-specific WGDs. Modern polyploidy is common in eukaryotes, and it can be induced, enabling mechanisms and short-term cost-benefit assessments of polyploidy to be studied experimentally...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921475/legacy-effects-of-continuous-chloropicrin-fumigation-for-3-years-on-soil-microbial-community-composition-and-metabolic-activity
#18
Shuting Zhang, Xiaojiao Liu, Qipeng Jiang, Guihua Shen, Wei Ding
Chloropicrin is widely used to control ginger wilt in China, which have an enormous impact on soil microbial diversity. However, little is known on the possible legacy effects on soil microbial community composition with continuous fumigation over different years. In this report, we used high throughput Illumina sequencing and Biolog ECO microplates to determine the bacterial community and microbial metabolic activity in ginger harvest fields of non-fumigation (NF), chloropicrin-fumigation for 1 year (F_1) and continuous chloropicrin-fumigation for 3 years (F_3)...
September 18, 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899182/cognitive-humanistic-psychodynamics-sidney-blatt-s-theoretical-philosophical-legacy
#19
Golan Shahar, Linda C Mayes
A number of broad-based, theoretical-philosophical tenets are to be gleaned from Sidney Blatt's voluminous, extensive, and unique scholarly work. Dominant themes in Blatt's life and work include (1) his fascination with cognition, particularly mental maps, or representations, of reality; (2) the influence of humanistic values (e.g., agency, need for growth, gestalts, need for balance, and an optimistic focus on resilience); and (3) a steadfast adherence to Freud's revolutionary discovery of the dynamic unconscious...
June 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898810/the-european-water-based-environmental-quality-standard-for-pentachlorophenol-is-not-protective-of-benthic-organisms
#20
Roberta Bettinetti, Annette Kopp-Schneider, Davide A L Vignati
Risk management of toxic substances is often based on Environmental Quality Standards (EQS) set for the water compartment, assuming they will also protect benthic organisms. In the absence of experimental data, EQS for sediments can be estimated by the equilibrium partitioning approach. The present study investigates whether this approach is protective of benthic organisms against pentachlorophenol (PCP), a legacy contaminant and EU priority substance still used in some parts of the world. Three freshwater species of invertebrates with different life cycles and feeding behaviors (the oligochaetes Lumbriculus variegatus, Tubifex tubifex and the dipteran insect Chironomus riparius) were exposed to PCP spiked sediments (2...
February 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
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