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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771449/intraspecific-variation-in-indirect-plant-soil-feedbacks-influences-a-wetland-plant-invasion
#1
Warwick J Allen, Laura A Meyerson, Andrew J Flick, James T Cronin
Plant-soil feedbacks (PSFs) influence plant competition via direct interactions with pathogens and mutualists or indirectly via apparent competition/mutualisms (i.e., spillover to co-occurring plants) and soil legacy effects. It is currently unknown how intraspecific variation in PSFs interacts with the environment (e.g., nutrient availability) to influence competition between native and invasive plants. We conducted a fully crossed multi-factor greenhouse experiment to determine the effects of Phragmites australis rhizosphere soil biota, interspecific competition, and nutrient availability on biomass of replicate populations from one native and two invasive lineages of common reed (P...
May 17, 2018: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766382/reduced-effectiveness-of-interruptive-drug-drug-interaction-alerts-after-conversion-to-a-commercial-electronic-health-record
#2
Adam Wright, Skye Aaron, Diane L Seger, Lipika Samal, Gordon D Schiff, David W Bates
BACKGROUND: Drug-drug interaction (DDI) alerts in electronic health records (EHRs) can help prevent adverse drug events, but such alerts are frequently overridden, raising concerns about their clinical usefulness and contribution to alert fatigue. OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of conversion to a commercial EHR on DDI alert and acceptance rates. DESIGN: Two before-and-after studies. PARTICIPANTS: 3277 clinicians who received a DDI alert in the outpatient setting...
May 15, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749630/divergent-trait-and-environment-relationships-among-parallel-radiations-in-pelargonium-geraniaceae-a-role-for-evolutionary-legacy
#3
Timothy E Moore, Carl D Schlichting, Matthew E Aiello-Lammens, Kerri Mocko, Cynthia S Jones
Functional traits in closely related lineages are expected to vary similarly along common environmental gradients as a result of shared evolutionary and biogeographic history, or legacy effects, and as a result of biophysical tradeoffs in construction. We test these predictions in Pelargonium, a relatively recent evolutionary radiation. Bayesian phylogenetic mixed effects models assessed, at the subclade level, associations between plant height, leaf area, leaf nitrogen content and leaf mass per area (LMA), and five environmental variables capturing temperature and rainfall gradients across the Greater Cape Floristic Region of South Africa...
May 11, 2018: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724809/a-threshold-of-significant-harm-f-or-a-viable-alternative-therapeutic-option
#4
Jo Bridgeman
This article critically examines the legal arguments presented on behalf of Charlie Gard's parents, Connie Yates and Chris Gard, based on a threshold test of significant harm for intervention into the decisions made jointly by holders of parental responsibility. It argues that the legal basis of the argument, from the case of Ashya King, was tenuous. It sought to introduce different categories of cases concerning children's medical treatment when, despite the inevitable factual distinctions between individual cases, the duty of the judge in all cases to determine the best interests of the child is firmly established by the case law...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712940/disequilibrium-of-fire-prone-forests-sets-the-stage-for-a-rapid-decline-in-conifer-dominance-during-the-21-st-century
#5
Josep M Serra-Diaz, Charles Maxwell, Melissa S Lucash, Robert M Scheller, Danelle M Laflower, Adam D Miller, Alan J Tepley, Howard E Epstein, Kristina J Anderson-Teixeira, Jonathan R Thompson
The impacts of climatic changes on forests may appear gradually on time scales of years to centuries due to the long generation times of trees. Consequently, current forest extent may not reflect current climatic patterns. In contrast with these lagged responses, abrupt transitions in forests under climate change may occur in environments where alternative vegetation states are influenced by disturbances, such as fire. The Klamath forest landscape (northern California and southwest Oregon, USA) is currently dominated by high biomass, biodiverse temperate coniferous forests, but climate change could disrupt the mechanisms promoting forest stability (e...
April 30, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710639/physical-legacy-of-freshwater-bivalves-effects-of-habitat-complexity-on-the-taxonomical-and-functional-diversity-of-invertebrates
#6
Martina I Ilarri, Luís Amorim, Allan T Souza, Ronaldo Sousa
Bivalves may play a major role in structuring aquatic communities. This may be especially relevant in aquatic communities dominated by non-native invasive bivalves, which can contribute to the increase of habitat homogenization. In this study, we assess how habitat homogenization, through the reduction of empty bivalve shells identities, influences the macroinvertebrate assemblages. Towards this end, a manipulative experiment with the empty shells of two native (Potomida littoralis and Unio delphinus) and one non-native (Corbicula fluminea) species was performed...
April 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704064/the-legacy-of-jules-gonin-one-hundred-years-of-identifying-and-treating-retinal-breaks
#7
EDITORIAL
Stephen G Schwartz, Robert Garoon, William E Smiddy, Harry W Flynn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701924/in-vitro-performance-testing-of-legacy-and-enfit-gastrostomy-tube-devices-under-gravity-flow-conditions
#8
Suvajyoti Guha, Nivetita Ravi, Joshua S Silverstein, Jeffrey Cooper, Matthew R Myers
BACKGROUND: Changes in connector design for the gastrostomy tube were implemented to reduce the risk of misconnections. This study aimed to determine whether there are differences in gravity flow rates between legacy devices and the ENFit devices intended to replace them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared 5 legacy gastrostomy tube brands with 3 corresponding ENFit brands, sized between 14 French (Fr) and 24 Fr. Seven commercial diets were used. One comparison involved low-profile devices...
April 27, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689746/bereaved-mothers-and-fathers-perceptions-of-a-legacy-intervention-for-parents-of-infants-in-the-nicu
#9
T F Akard, M Duffy, A Hord, A Randall, A Sanders, K Adelstein, U E Anani, M J Gilmer
BACKGROUND: Legacy-making, actions or behaviors aimed at being remembered, may be one strategy to enhance coping and improve grief outcomes for bereaved parents and siblings. While legacy interventions have been developed and tested in pediatric and adult populations, legacy activities specific to bereaved parents in the neonatal intensive care unit remain unexplored. This study explored bereaved parents' perceptions of a digital storytelling legacy-making intervention for parents after the death of an infant...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681553/the-radicalization-of-breast-cancer-surgery-joseph-colt-bloodgood-s-role-in-william-stewart-halsted-s-legacy
#10
James R Wright
Johns Hopkins's surgeon William Stewart Halsted is renowned for popularizing the radical mastectomy, a disfiguring procedure that was overutilized during the 1900s. Cancer historians have questioned why Halsted, a meticulous surgical investigator, became more aggressive in his approach to breast cancer surgery when his own data failed to show prolonged patient survival. Joseph Colt Bloodgood, one of Halsted's early surgical residents, Hopkins's head of surgical pathology, and Halsted's primary outcome data analyst, played previously unrecognized roles...
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677914/integrating-biobank-data-into-a-clinical-data-research-network-the-ibcb-project
#11
Guillaume Bouzille, Vianney Jouhet, Bruno Turlin, Bruno Clement, Mireille Desille, Christine Riou, Moufid Hajjar, Denis Delamarre, Danielle Le Quilleuc, Frantz Thiessard, Marc Cuggia
Development of biobanks is still hampered by difficulty to collect high quality sample annotations using patient clinical information. The IBCB project evaluated the feasibility of a nationwide clinical data research network for this purpose. METHOD: the infrastructure, based on eHOP and I2B2 technologies, was interfaced with the legacy IT components of 3 hospitals. The evaluation focused on the data management process and tested 5 expert queries in Hepatocarcinoma. RESULTS: the integration of biobank data was comprehensive and easy...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669054/ranked-tree-shapes-non-random-extinctions-and-the-loss-of-phylogenetic-diversity
#12
Odile Maliet, Fanny Gascuel, Amaury Lambert
Phylogenetic diversity (PD) is a measure of the evolutionary legacy of a group of species, which can be used to define conservation priorities. It has been shown that an important loss of species diversity can sometimes lead to a much less important loss of PD, depending on the topology of the species tree and on the distribution of its branch lengths. However, the rate of decrease of PD strongly depends on the relative depths of the nodes in the tree and on the order in which species become extinct. We introduce a new, sampling-consistent, three-parameter model generating random trees with covarying topology, clades relative depths and clades relative extinction risks...
April 16, 2018: Systematic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664464/the-legacy-of-dr-khalaf-al-mouteary-july-1948-january-2018
#13
Ahmed Ammar
We are hereby not only presenting and documenting the achievements of Dr. Khalaf Al Mouteary, which are great and unprecedented, but drawing lessons from his life and striving to develop and improve a system of neurosurgery practice and training in Saudi Arabia. Over 30 years of his dreams, sacrifices, hard work, vision, successes and failures in neurosurgical medical services, training and education have brought us to the position where we are in today, as one of leading countries in neurosurgery in the whole Middle East...
April 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656324/the-organic-pollutant-status-of-rivers-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina-as-determined-by-a-combination-of-active-and-passive-sampling-methods
#14
Christopher Harman, Merete Grung, Jasmina Djedjibegovic, Aleksandra Marjanovic, Eirik Fjeld, Hans Fredrik Veiteberg Braaten, Miroslav Sober, Thorjørn Larssen, Sissel Brit Ranneklev
There is an overall lack of data concerning the pollution status of Bosnia Herzegovina, which is confounded by fragmented national environmental management. The present study aimed to provide some initial data for concentrations of priority substances in two major Bosnian Rivers, using two types of passive sampler (PS) as well as by using high volume water sampling (HVWS). Overall, concentrations of most persistent organic pollutants (POPs), including polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and legacy pesticides, were shown to be low...
April 15, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655365/facilitators-of-community-participation-in-an-aboriginal-sexual-health-promotion-initiative
#15
Alana Hulme Chambers, Jane Tomnay, Kylie Stephens, Alan Crouch, Mary Whiteside, Pettina Love, Leonie McIntosh, Peter Waples Crowe
INTRODUCTION: Community participation is a collaborative process aimed at achieving community-identified outcomes. However, approaches to community participation within Aboriginal health promotion initiatives have been inconsistent and not well documented. Smart and Deadly was a community-led initiative to develop sexual health promotion resources with young Aboriginal people in regional Victoria, Australia. The principles of community-centred practice, authentic participatory processes and respect for the local cultural context guided the initiative...
April 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649398/feasibility-and-patient-perceptions-of-video-declarations-regarding-end-of-life-decisions-by-hospitalized-patients
#16
Lisa M Quintiliani, Jessica E Murphy, Pablo Buitron de la Vega, Katherine R Waite, S Emily Armstrong, Lori Henault, Angelo E Volandes, Michael K Paasche-Orlow
BACKGROUND: A videotaped declaration by patients of their advance care planning preferences could be an opportunity to supplement advance directive forms and be a source of information for family, caregivers, and clinicians, yet research is needed to examine the content and acceptability of making declarations among patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the content and acceptability of 'video declarations': the process of patients videotaping themselves describing their advance care planning preferences...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627548/occurrence-partitioning-and-bioaccumulation-of-emerging-and-legacy-per-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-in-taihu-lake-china
#17
Meng Chen, Qiang Wang, Guoqiang Shan, Lingyan Zhu, Liping Yang, Menglin Liu
There are many studies about the occurrence of legacy perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) in fresh water ecosystem, but related information about emerging per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) is limited. In this study, along with ten legacy PFAAs, twelve non-PFAAs, including precursors of perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS) and emerging PFASs in the water, sediment and organisms in Taihu Lake, China, were investigated. As one replacement product of PFOS, perfluorohexane sulfonic acid (PFHxS) (mean: 69.3ng/L) was the predominant PFAA in the water samples...
April 5, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626400/assessing-and-improving-performance-a-longitudinal-evaluation-of-priority-setting-and-resource-allocation-in-a-canadian-health-region
#18
William Hall, Neale Smith, Craig Mitton, Bonnie Urquhart, Stirling Bryan
BACKGROUND: In order to meet the challenges presented by increasing demand and scarcity of resources, healthcare organizations are faced with difficult decisions related to resource allocation. Tools to facilitate evaluation and improvement of these processes could enable greater transparency and more optimal distribution of resources. METHODS: The Resource Allocation Performance Assessment Tool (RAPAT) was implemented in a healthcare organization in British Columbia, Canada...
August 22, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623606/is-demography-just-a-numerical-exercise-numbers-politics-and-legacies-of-china-s-one-child-policy
#19
Feng Wang, Yong Cai, Ke Shen, Stuart Gietel-Basten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608561/kampala-manifesto-building-community-based-one-health-approaches-to-disease-surveillance-and-response-the-ebola-legacy-lessons-from-a-peer-led-capacity-building-initiative
#20
Petra Dickmann, Andrew Kitua, Franklin Apfel, Nigel Lightfoot
OVERVIEW: International activities to respond to the Ebola crisis in West Africa were mainly developed and focussed around the biomedical paradigm of Western health systems. This approach was often insensitive to societal perception, attitude, and behavioural determinants and clashed with community-based health traditions, narratives, and roles, e.g., of community health workers. In this peer-led capacity-building initiative, these deficiencies were identified and analysed. Innovative, more locally focussed, community-based solutions were articulated...
April 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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