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renal disease diet

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645757/sympathetic-response-and-outcomes-following-renal-denervation-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-12-month-outcomes-from-the-symplicity-hf-feasibility-study
#1
Ingrid Hopper, Edoardo Gronda, Uta C Hoppe, Bengt Rundqvist, Thomas H Marwick, Sharad Shetty, Christopher Hayward, Thomas Lambert, Dagmara Hering, Murray Esler, Markus Schlaich, Antony Walton, Flavio Airoldi, Mathias-Christoph Brandt, Sidney A Cohen, Pascalle Reiters, Henry Krum
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is associated with chronic sympathetic activation. Renal denervation (RDN) aims to reduce sympathetic activity by ablating the renal sympathetic nerves. We investigated the effect of RDN in patients with chronic HF and concurrent renal dysfunction, in a prospective, multicenter, single-arm feasibility study. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-nine patients with chronic systolic HF (left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF] <40%, New York Heart Association class II-III,) and renal impairment (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR; assessed with Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation] <75 mL/min/1...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643620/adult-dogs-are-capable-of-regulating-calcium-balance-with-no-adverse-effects-on-health-when-fed-a-high-calcium-diet
#2
Jonathan Stockman, Phillip Watson, Matthew Gilham, David Allaway, Jujhar Atwal, Richard Haydock, Alison Colyer, Helen Renfrew, Penelope J Morris
Although the implications of long-term high Ca intakes have been well documented in growing dogs, the health consequences of Ca excess in adult dogs remain to be established. To evaluate the impact of feeding a diet containing 7·1 g/4184 kJ (1000 kcal) Ca for 40 weeks on Ca balance and health parameters in adult dogs, eighteen neutered adult Labrador Retrievers, (nine males and nine females) aged 2·5-7·4 years were randomised to one of two customised diets for 40 weeks. The diets were manufactured according to similar nutritional specifications, with the exception of Ca and P levels...
May 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643487/proenkephalin-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-and-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rates-in-patients-with-sepsis
#3
Hanah Kim, Mina Hur, Seungho Lee, Rossella Marino, Laura Magrini, Patrizia Cardelli, Joachim Struck, Andreas Bergmann, Oliver Hartmann, Salvatore Di Somma
BACKGROUND: Proenkephalin (PENK) has been suggested as a novel biomarker for kidney function. We investigated the diagnostic and prognostic utility of plasma PENK in comparison with neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) in septic patients. METHODS: A total of 167 septic patients were enrolled: 99 with sepsis, 37 with septic shock, and 31 with suspected sepsis. PENK and NGAL concentrations were measured and GFR was estimated by using the isotope dilution mass spectrometry traceable-Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) Study and three Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equations: CKD-EPI(Cr), CDK-EPI(CysC), and CKD-EPI(Cr-CysC)...
September 2017: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637384/long-term-effects-of-high-protein-diets-on-renal-function
#4
Anne-Lise Kamper, Svend Strandgaard
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has a prevalence of approximately 13% and is most frequently caused by diabetes and hypertension. In population studies, CKD etiology is often uncertain. Some experimental and observational human studies have suggested that high-protein intake may increase CKD progression and even cause CKD in healthy people. The protein source may be important. Daily red meat consumption over years may increase CKD risk, whereas white meat and dairy proteins appear to have no such effect, and fruit and vegetable proteins may be renal protective...
June 21, 2017: Annual Review of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633927/dencichine-ameliorates-kidney-injury-in-induced-type-ii-diabetic-nephropathy-via-the-tgf-%C3%AE-smad-signalling-pathway
#5
Li Jie, Qiu Pengcheng, He Qiaoyan, Bi Linlin, Zhang Meng, Wang Fang, Jia Min, Yan Li, Zhang Ya, Yang Qian, Wang Siwang
Diabetic nephropathy (DN), a common complication associated with both type I and type II diabetes mellitus (DM), is a major cause of chronic nephropathy and a common cause of end-stage renal diseases (ESRD) throughout the world. This study is aimed to determine whether dencichine (De) can ameliorate renal damage in high-glucose-and-fat diet combined STZ (streptozocin) induced DN in type II DM rats and to investigate the potential underlying mechanisms. Markers of metabolism, diabetes, and renal function, and levels of extracellular matrix (ECM) collagen I (Col I), collagen IV (Col IV), fibronectin (FN) and laminin (LN), and of proteins in the TGF-β/Smad pathway were analysed through RT-PCR, western blot, immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry...
June 17, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631910/-prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-nephrolithiasis-among-young-rural-residents
#6
A V Sin'kov, I N Volosatova, G M Sin'kova, L A Nikolaeva
AIM: To determine the prevalence of nephrolithiasis, assess the significance of known risk factors, and identify new risk factors for nephrolithiasis among young rural residents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 5 settlements of the Irkutsk rural district of the Irkutsk region and involved 408 inhabitants (93 men, 315 women) aged from 18 to 47 years. The selection of candidates for the study was randomized. The response of the population was 81...
June 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625483/silymarin-protects-against-renal-injury-through-normalization-of-lipid-metabolism-and-mitochondrial-biogenesis-in-high-fat-fed-mice
#7
Bin Feng, Ran Meng, Bin Huang, Yan Bi, Shanmei Shen, Dalong Zhu
Obesity is associated with an increased risk of chronic kidney diseases and the conventional treatment with renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) inhibitors is not enough to prevent renal injury and prolong the progression of disease. Recently, silymarin has shown protective effects on renal tissue injury, but the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. The goal of this study was to investigate the potential capacity of silymarin to prevent renal injury during obesity induced by high fat diet (HFD) in mice...
June 15, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621342/prevalence-of-chronic-kidney-disease-and-association-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-teachers-in-cape-town-south-africa
#8
COMMENT
Aderemi B Adeniyi, Carien E Laurence, Jimmy A Volmink, M Razeen Davids
Background: There is a need to determine the feasibility of conducting studies of chronic diseases among large cohorts of African patients. One aim of the South African feasibility study was to determine the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its association with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors among school teachers. Methods: In a cross-sectional survey of 489 teachers we captured data on demographics, CVD risk factors, anthropometry and blood pressure. Serum glucose, creatinine, cholesterol and urine protein/creatinine ratio was measured...
June 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615947/treatment-of-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-the-clinical-utility-of-etelcalcetide
#9
REVIEW
Mario Cozzolino, Andrea Galassi, Ferruccio Conte, Michela Mangano, Luca Di Lullo, Antonio Bellasi
Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT), a very frequent, severe, and worsening complication of chronic kidney disease, is characterized by high serum parathyroid hormone (PTH), parathyroid gland hyperplasia, and disturbances in mineral metabolism. Clinically, SHPT shows renal osteodystrophy, vascular calcification, cardiovascular damage, and fatal outcome. Calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is the main physiological regulator of PTH secretion; its activation by calcium rapidly inhibits PTH. Another important player in regulating mineral metabolism is vitamin D receptor (VDR), which is under the influence of vitamin D and influences the intestinal absorption of calcium and phosphate, PTH gene expression, and bone calcium mobilization...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606713/rhabdomyolysis-and-coeliac-disease-a-causal-or-casual-association-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#10
Claudia Mandato, Alessandro Rossi, Mariano Caldore, Marta Lamba, Michele Rocco, Renata Auricchio, Pietro Vajro, Paolo Siani
BACKGROUND: Rhabdomyolysis is a rare, potentially life-threatening condition, caused by multiple disorders. The association with Coeliac Disease (CD) has been rarely reported and in these cases muscular damage was imputed to hypokalemia. Herein we describe a new case of severe rhabdomyolysis in a child subsequently diagnosed as affected by CD, and review previous reports. CASE PRESENTATION: A 3-year-old boy was referred for diarrhea, brown urine, muscular pain/weakness, and no history of muscular trauma...
June 9, 2017: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596039/assessment-of-aortic-wall-thrombus-predicts-outcomes-of-endovascular-repair-of-complex-aortic-aneurysms-using-fenestrated-and-branched-endografts
#11
Mauricio Ribeiro, Gustavo S Oderich, Thanila Macedo, Terri J Vrtiska, Jan Hofer, Julia Chini, Bernardo Mendes, Stephen Cha
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to investigate the correlation between atherothrombotic aortic wall thrombus (AWT) and clinical outcomes in patients treated by fenestrated-branched endovascular aortic repair (F-BEVAR) and present a new classification system for assessment of AWT burden. METHODS: The clinical data of 301 patients treated for pararenal and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs) by F-BEVAR was reviewed. The study excluded 89 patients with extent I to III TAAA because of extensive laminated thrombus within the aneurysm sac...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594849/high-sodium-diet-converts-renal-proteoglycans-into-pro-inflammatory-mediators-in-rats
#12
Ryanne S Hijmans, Pragyi Shrestha, Kwaku A Sarpong, Saleh Yazdani, Rana El Masri, Wilhelmina H A de Jong, Gerjan Navis, Romain R Vivès, Jacob van den Born
BACKGROUND: High dietary sodium aggravates renal disease by affecting blood pressure and by its recently shown pro-inflammatory and pro-fibrotic effects. Moreover, pro-inflammatory modification of renal heparan sulfate (HS) can induce tissue remodeling. We aim to investigate if high sodium intake in normotensive rats converts renal HS into a pro-inflammatory phenotype, able to bind more sodium and orchestrate inflammation, fibrosis and lymphangiogenesis. METHODS: Wistar rats received a normal diet for 4 weeks, or 8% NaCl diet for 2 or 4 weeks...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583572/effect-of-donor-recipient-age-match-in-expanded-criteria-deceased-donor-kidney-transplantation
#13
K Ko, Y H Kim, M H Kim, K W Jun, J K Hwang, S D Kim, S C Park, J I Kim, I S Moon
PURPOSE: Our objective was to investigate the effects of age on patient and graft survival in expanded criteria donor (ECD) renal transplantation. METHODS: Between February 2000 and December 2015, we analyzed 405 deceased donor renal transplants, including 128 grafts (31.9%) from ECDs. Based on recipient age and ECD criteria classification, the recipients were divided into four groups: Group I, non-ECD to recipient age <50 years; Group II, non-ECD to recipient age ≥50 years; Group III, ECD to recipient age <50 years; and Group IV, ECD to recipient age ≥50 years...
June 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583519/usefulness-of-multi-detector-computed-tomography-scanning-as-a-replacement-for-diethylenetriamine-pentaacetic-acid
#14
H H Lee, W K Han, S K Kang, K H Huh, M S Kim, S I Kim, Y S Kim, Y E Yoon
BACKGROUND: Diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) and multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) can predict postoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in a live kidney donor. Accordingly, we compared predicted eGFR measured by use of DTPA and MDCT. METHODS: From January 2013 to May 2015, 264 live kidney donors were enrolled. All donors underwent preoperative DTPA and MDCT, and bilateral renal cortex volume was measured by use of MDCT. We estimated DTPA-eGFR [remaining split renal function (%) × preoperative eGFR] and Vol-eGFR [remaining renal volume/total renal volume (%) × preoperative eGFR] and analyzed DTPA-eGFR, Vol-eGFR, and Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD)-eGFR during week 1 and in months 1, 3, and 6...
June 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583518/cystatin-c-based-equation-for-predicting-the-glomerular-filtration-rate-in-kidney-transplant-recipients
#15
Y Yang, K Y Kim, I Hwang, T Yim, W Do, M J Kim, S Lee, H-Y Jung, J-Y Choi, S-H Park, Y-L Kim, C-D Kim, J-H Cho
BACKGROUND: Precise monitoring of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is needed to estimate the allograft function in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs). The GFR is widely estimated with the use of formulas based on serum cystatin C (SCys) and serum creatinine (SCr) levels. We compared the efficacy of SCys-based equations with that of SCr-based equations to predict the allograft function. METHODS: We calculated the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD), Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI Cr), CKD-EPI creatinine-cystatin C (CKD-EPI Cr/Cys), and CKD-EPI cystatin C (CKD-EP ICys) equations in 70 KTRs...
June 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581677/interplay-of-volume-blood-pressure-organ-ischemia-residual-renal-function-and-diet-certainties-and-uncertainties-with-dialytic-management
#16
REVIEW
Ercan Ok, Nathan W Levin, Gulay Asci, Charles Chazot, Huseyin Toz, Mehmet Ozkahya
Extracellular fluid volume overload and its inevitable consequence, hypertension, increases cardiovascular mortality in the long term by leading to left ventricular hypertrophy, heart failure, and ischemic heart disease in dialysis patients. Unlike antihypertensive medications, a strict volume control strategy provides optimal blood pressure control without need for antihypertensive drugs. However, utilization of this strategy has remained limited because of several factors, including the absence of a gold standard method to assess volume status, difficulties in reducing extracellular fluid volume, and safety concerns associated with reduction of extracellular volume...
June 5, 2017: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579313/the-impact-of-probiotic-soy-milk-consumption-on-oxidative-stress-among-type-2-diabetic-kidney-disease-patients-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#17
Maryam Miraghajani, Nafiseh Zaghian, Maryam Mirlohi, Awat Feizi, Reza Ghiasvand
OBJECTIVE: Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is one the most important complications of diabetes leading to end-stage renal disease. This study aimed to determine the effects of probiotic soy milk consumption on oxidative stress biomarkers in type 2 DKD patients. METHODS: Forty-eight patients were randomly assigned to consume a diet containing 200 mL/day probiotic soy milk in the intervention group or soy milk in the control condition. As determinants of oxidative stress, malondialdehyde, 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α, oxidized glutathione, total antioxidant capacity, reduced glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase, and glutathione reductase were measured after 8 weeks of intervention according to the standard protocol...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573490/interactive-association-of-serum-uric-acid-and-total-bilirubin-with-renal-dysfunction-among-community-dwelling-subjects
#18
Ryuichi Kawamoto, Daisuke Ninomiya, Kensuke Senzaki, Yoshihisa Kasai, Tomo Kusunoki, Nobuyuki Ohtsuka, Teru Kumagi
PURPOSE: Chronic kidney disease is a major public health concern. Serum uric acid (SUA) at high levels was oxidative stress agents, and total bilirubin (T-BiL) at mildly increased levels was potent antioxidants, but whether SUA and T-BiL produce an additive interaction for the risk of renal dysfunction remains unclear. METHODS: The subjects comprised 567 men aged 71 ± 8 (mean ± standard deviation) years and 853 women aged 70 ± 8 years from a rural village...
June 1, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569557/effects-of-acute-blood-pressure-elevation-on-biochemical-metabolic-parameters-in-individuals-with-hypertensive-crisis
#19
Days Oliveira Andrade, Sara Patrícia O Santos, Marcela Augusta S Pinhel, Flávia Mariana Valente, Marcela Cavichiolo Giannini, Michele Lima Gregório, Moacir Fernandes De Godoy, Dorotéia Rossi S Souza, José Fernando Vilela-Martin
Hypertensive crisis is a common clinical situation that presents a high rate of morbidity and mortality and it is characterized by symptomatic rise of blood pressure (BP), systolic (SBP) ≥ 180 mmHg and/or diastolic (DBP) ≥ 120 mmHg. It is classified as emergency (HE) or hypertensive urgency (HU). There is no description of laboratory findings in patients who present acute BP elevation. Thus, this study had the objective to assess the biochemical-metabolic parameters of patients with HC. We studied 74 normotensive individuals (NT), 74 controlled hypertensive patients (ContrHT), 50 subjects with HU, and 78 with HE for evaluating biochemical-metabolic parameters...
June 1, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569079/effect-of-a-high-phosphorus-diet-on-indicators-of-renal-health-in-cats
#20
Britta Dobenecker, Anna Webel, Sven Reese, Ellen Kienzle
Objectives High phosphorus intake may further impair renal health in cats with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The hypothesis that a high phosphorus (HP) diet might be nephrotoxic for healthy animals was tested in cats, a species with a high incidence of naturally occurring CKD. Methods Thirteen healthy adult cats were fed a phosphorus excess diet (about five times maintenance requirements), and this HP group was compared with cats on a balanced control diet (CON). The trial lasted for 29 days (10 days of faeces and urine collection)...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
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