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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811651/inkt-cells-prevent-obesity-induced-hepatic-steatosis-in-mice-in-a-c-c-chemokine-receptor-7-dependent-manner
#1
H M Kim, R Lee, E S Lee, M H Kwon, J H Huh, B-E Kwon, E-K Park, S-Y Chang, M-N Kweon, P-H Kim, H-J Ko, C H Chung
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis are characterized by an increase in hepatic triglyceride content with infiltration of immune cells, which can cause steatohepatitis and hepatic insulin resistance. C-C chemokine receptor 7 (CCR7) is primarily expressed in immune cells, and CCR7 deficiency leads to the development of multi-organ autoimmunity, chronic renal disease, and autoimmune diabetes. Here, we investigated the effect of CCR7 on hepatic steatosis in a mouse model and its underlying mechanism...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810595/sudoscan-an-effective-tool-for-screening-chronic-kidney-disease-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#2
Fei Mao, Siying Liu, Xiaona Qiao, Hangping Zheng, Qian Xiong, Jie Wen, Shuo Zhang, Zhaoyun Zhang, Hongying Ye, Hongli Shi, Bin Lu, Yiming Li
SUDOSCAN is a non-invasive method of measuring peripheral small fiber and autonomic nerve activity by detection of abnormal sweat gland function through electrochemical skin conductance. It has been reported to be an effective screening tool in early detection of microvascular type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) complications including diabetic neuropathy and nephropathy in recent studies. However, previous studies used estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) as the golden standard, which has a 90% chance of being within 30% of the measured GFR at best...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807791/effects-of-bosutinib-treatment-on-renal-function-in-patients-with-philadelphia-chromosome-positive-leukemias
#3
Jorge E Cortes, Carlo Gambacorti-Passerini, Dong-Wook Kim, Hagop M Kantarjian, Jeff H Lipton, Amit Lahoti, Moshe Talpaz, Ewa Matczak, Elly Barry, Eric Leip, Tim H Brümmendorf, H Jean Khoury
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to assess renal function in patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive leukemias receiving bosutinib or imatinib. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients received first-line bosutinib (n = 248) or imatinib (n = 251; phase III trial), or second-line or later bosutinib (phase I/II trial; n = 570). Adverse events (AEs) and changes from baseline in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and serum creatinine were assessed. RESULTS: Time from the last patient's first dose to data cutoff was ≥ 48 months...
June 17, 2017: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802091/a-cyclic-and-intermittent-very-low-protein-diet-can-have-beneficial-effects-against-advanced-diabetic-nephropathy-in-wistar-fatty-fa-fa-rats-an-animal-model-of-type-2-diabetes-and-obesity
#4
Munehiro Kitada, Yoshio Ogura, Taeko Suzuki, Itaru Monnno, Keizo Kanasaki, Ai Watanabe, Daisuke Koya
A low-protein diet (LPD), particularly, very low-protein diet (VLPD) is expected for reno-protection in advanced chronic kidney disease, including diabetic nephropathy. We previously also demonstrated that a VLPD clearly improved advanced diabetic nephropathy in a type 2 diabetes and obesity rat. However, clinically, an everyday long-term VLPD contributes to poor adherence, which may be related to controvertial results of an LPD on the suppression for diabetic nephropathy, and has nutritional issues, such as sarcopenia or protein-energy wasting...
August 12, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795146/refining-the-policy-for-timing-of-kidney-transplant-waitlist-qualification
#5
Benjamin J Lee, Charles E McCulloch, Barbara A Grimes, Sindhu Chandran, Isabel Elaine Allen, Cynthia Delgado, Chi-Yuan Hsu
BACKGROUND: Earlier qualification for the kidney transplant waitlist expedites transplant and is therefore associated with improved outcomes. U.S. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network policies state that "measured or calculated creatinine clearance or glomerular filtration rate less than or equal to 20 mL/min" triggers waitlist time accrual. The choice of qualification method is somewhat arbitrary, and the policy implies that decline in renal function is monotonic. METHODS: (1) We used survival analysis to quantify temporal differences in waitlist qualification by applying 3 kidney-function-estimating equations (Cockcroft-Gault, Modification of Diet in Renal Disease study, Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration) to serial creatinine measurements from 3 patient cohorts: 1 of waitlisted patients at a major U...
August 2017: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772030/the-renal-cardiac-connection-in-subjects-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-a-population-based-study
#6
Amit Jain, Christopher Scott, Horng H Chen
AIMS: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is prevalent and is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The interaction between diastolic dysfunction (DD) and CKD in subjects with preserved systolic function is not well defined. This study sought to determine the association between renal function and DD in subjects with preserved ejection fraction. METHODS AND RESULTS: Through the Rochester Epidemiology Project, subjects who underwent echocardiography over 2 years with EF ≥50% were identified and the clinical data were obtained...
August 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767204/blockade-of-myeloid-differentiation-protein-2-prevents-obesity-induced-inflammation-and-nephropathy
#7
Qilu Fang, Lintao Wang, Daona Yang, Xiong Chen, Xiaoou Shan, Yali Zhang, Hazel Lum, Jingying Wang, Peng Zhong, Guang Liang, Yi Wang
Obesity is a major and independent risk factor of kidney diseases. The pathogenic mechanisms of obesity-associated renal injury are recognized to at least involve a lipid-rich and pro-inflammatory state of the renal tissues, but specific mechanisms establishing causal relation remain unknown. Saturated fatty acids are elevated in obesity, and known to induce chronic inflammation in kidneys. Myeloid differentiation protein 2 (MD2) is an important protein in lipopolysaccharide-induced innate immunity response and inflammation...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764846/uric-acid-promotes-vascular-stiffness-maladaptive-inflammatory-responses-and-proteinuria-in-western-diet-fed-mice
#8
Annayya R Aroor, Guanghong Jia, Javad Habibi, Zhe Sun, Francisco I Ramirez-Perez, Barron Brady, Dongqing Chen, Luis A Martinez-Lemus, Camila Manrique, Ravi Nistala, Adam T Whaley-Connell, Vincent G Demarco, Gerald A Meininger, James R Sowers
OBJECTIVE: Aortic vascular stiffness has been implicated in the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in obese individuals. However, the mechanism promoting these adverse effects are unclear. In this context, promotion of obesity through consumption of a western diet (WD) high in fat and fructose leads to excess circulating uric acid. There is accumulating data implicating elevated uric acid in the promotion of CVD and CKD. Accordingly, we hypothesized that xanthine oxidase(XO) inhibition with allopurinol would prevent a rise in vascular stiffness and proteinuria in a translationally relevant model of WD-induced obesity...
September 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761677/comparison-of-the-chronic-kidney-disease-epidemiology-collaboration-the-modification-of-diet-in-renal-disease-study-and-the-cockcroft-gault-equation-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#9
Karolina Szummer, Marie Evans, Juan Jesus Carrero, Urban Alehagen, Ulf Dahlström, Lina Benson, Lars H Lund
BACKGROUND: It is unknown how the creatinine-based renal function estimations differ for dose adjustment cut-offs and risk prediction in patients with heart failure. METHOD AND RESULTS: The renal function was similar with the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) (median 59 mL/min/1.73 m(2), IQR 42 to 77) and Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study (MDRD) (59 mL/min/1.73 m(2), IQR 43 to 75) and slightly lower with the Cockcroft-Gault (CG) equation (57 mL/min, IQR 39 to 82)...
2017: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755186/liver-transplantation-for-hereditary-tyrosinaemia-type-1-in-the-united-kingdom
#10
Patrick McKiernan
Fourteen children have undergone liver transplantation for hereditary tyrosinaemia type 1 (HT1) at Birmingham Children's hospital (BCH) since 1989; six were treated prior to the availability of Nitisinone in 1993 and eight in the post Nitisinone era. Prior to 1993 essentially all children with HT1 were referred for transplantation. In the Nitisinone era only those with unresponsive liver failure or suspected malignancy were considered for transplantation. Those who were treated pre-emptively following newborn screening have no evidence of liver disease and none have required transplantation...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755181/biochemical-and-clinical-aspects-of-hereditary-tyrosinemia-type-1
#11
Geneviève Morrow, Robert M Tanguay
Inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs) are a group of diseases involving a genetic defect that alters a metabolic pathway and that presents usually during infancy. The tyrosine degradation pathway contains five enzymes, four of which being associated with IEMs. The most severe metabolic disorder associated with this catabolic pathway is hereditary tyrosinemia type 1 (HT1; OMIM 276700). HT1 is an autosomal recessive disease caused by a deficiency of fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase (FAH), the last enzyme of the tyrosine catabolic pathway...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753930/pregnancy-proteinuria-plant-based-supplemented-diets-and-focal-segmental-glomerulosclerosis-a-report-on-three-cases-and-critical-appraisal-of-the-literature
#12
Rossella Attini, Filomena Leone, Benedetta Montersino, Federica Fassio, Fosca Minelli, Loredana Colla, Maura Rossetti, Cristiana Rollino, Maria Grazia Alemanno, Antonella Barreca, Tullia Todros, Giorgina Barbara Piccoli
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasingly recognized in pregnant patients. Three characteristics are associated with a risk of preterm delivery or small for gestational age babies; kidney function reduction, hypertension, and proteinuria. In pregnancy, the anti-proteinuric agents (ACE-angiotensin converting enzyme-inhibitors or ARBS -angiotensin receptor blockers) have to be discontinued for their potential teratogenicity, and there is no validated approach to control proteinuria. Furthermore, proteinuria usually increases as an effect of therapeutic changes and pregnancy-induced hyperfiltration...
July 19, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751805/astaxanthin-ameliorates-ferric-nitrilotriacetate-induced-renal-oxidative-injury-in-rats
#13
Yasumasa Okazaki, Shigeru Okada, Shinya Toyokuni
Daily intake of vegetables can reduce the risk of cancer and lifestyle-related diseases. However, supplementary intake of β-carotene alone has been reported to increase the risk of lung cancer in male cigarette smokers and people who were exposed to asbestos. The mechanism of the antioxidative properties of carotenoids in vivo, especially under oxidative stress conditions, still remains unclear. To investigate the antioxidant properties of dietary compounds, we examined the effects of chemically modified astaxanthin (Ax-C-8) using a rat model of ferric nitrilotriacetate (Fe-NTA)-induced renal oxidative injury...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750406/a-high-fat-diet-during-pregnancy-and-lactation-induces-cardiac-and-renal-abnormalities-in-glut4-male-mice
#14
Michael Kruse, Ariana Fiallo, Jianling Tao, Katalin Susztak, Kerstin Amann, Ellen B Katz, Maureen J Charron
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Altered nutrients during the in utero (IU) and/or lactation (L) period predispose offspring to cardio-renal diseases in adulthood. This study investigates the effect of a high fat diet (HFD) fed to female mice during IU/L on gene expression patterns associated with heart and kidney failure and hypertension in male offspring. METHODS: Female wild type (WT) mice were fed either a HFD or control chow (C) prior to mating with males with a genetic heterozygous deletion of GLUT4 (G4+/-, a model of peripheral insulin resistance and hypertension) and throughout IU/L...
July 27, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745686/-effects-of-keto-amino-acids-and-a-low-protein-diet-on-the-nutritional-status-of-patients-with-stages-3b-4-chronic-kidney-disease
#15
S Yu Milovanova, Yu S Milovanov, M V Taranova, I A Dobrosmyslov
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of keto/amino acids in maintaining protein balance and preventing mineral metabolic disturbances and the development of uremic hyperparathyroidism in the long-term use of a low-protein diet (LPD) in patients with Stages 3B-4 chronic kidney disease (CKD). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Ninety patients with CKD caused by chronic latent glomerulonephritis in 65 patients and chronic tubulointerstitial nephritis of various etiologies (gout, drug-induced, and infection) in 25 were examined...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741082/dietary-total-antioxidant-capacity-and-incidence-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-subjects-with-dysglycemia-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study
#16
Golaleh Asghari, Emad Yuzbashian, Sahar Shahemi, Zahra Gaeini, Parvin Mirmiran, Fereidoun Azizi
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the association of dietary total antioxidant capacity (TAC) with incidence of CKD in subjects with dysglycemia. METHODS: We followed-up 1179 subjects aged ≥30 years with dysglycemia from the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS) for 3 years, who were initially free of CKD. Dietary intakes of TAC, vitamin C, vitamin E, and β-carotene were assessed by a food-frequency questionnaire at the baseline. Dietary TAC was estimated using the oxygen radical absorbance capacity method...
July 24, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738974/partial-nephrectomy-vs-radical-nephrectomy-for-stage-i-renal-cell-carcinoma-in-the-presence-of-predisposing-systemic-diseases-for-chronic-kidney-disease
#17
Ömer Demir, Ozan Bozkurt, Serdar Çelik, Kaan Çömez, Güven Aslan, Uğur Mungan, İlhan Çelebi, Adil Esen
Aim of this study is to compare the effects of partial nephrectomy (PN) and radical nephrectomy (RN) for stage I renal cell carcinoma (RCC) on renal functions in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and/or hypertension (HT). Charts of patients who underwent surgery for stage I RCC in our department were retrospectively reviewed and patients with DM and/or HT were enrolled. Preoperative and postoperative estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) were calculated according to the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formulation for both RN and PN groups...
July 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736564/characterization-of-an-animal-model-to-study-risk-factors-and-new-therapies-for-the-cardiorenal-syndrome-a-major-health-issue-in-our-aging-population
#18
Anja Verhulst, Ellen Neven, Patrick C D'Haese
BACKGROUND: The cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) is a major health problem in our aging population. The term was introduced to cover disorders of the kidneys and heart, whereby dysfunction of one organ may induce dysfunction of the other. As the natural history of the CRS is mostly slow, hence difficult to explore in clinical trials, adequate animal models combining cardiovascular and renal disease are required. Therefore, we developed and characterized a usable model for CRS type 4, i.e. chronic kidney disease (CKD) causing cardiac dysfunction...
June 2017: Cardiorenal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736557/the-effect-of-admission-renal-function-on-the-treatment-and-outcome-of-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#19
Zach Rozenbaum, Sydney Benchetrit, Saar Minha, Yoram Neuman, Meital Shlezinger, Ilan Goldenberg, Morris Mosseri, David Pereg
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease is a frequent comorbidity among patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We aimed to evaluate treatment characteristics in ACS patients according to their renal function and to assess the effect of differences in therapy on clinical outcomes. METHODS: Included were patients with ACS enrolled in the biennial Acute Coronary Syndrome Israeli Surveys (ACSIS) during 2000-2013. Excluded were patients with cardiogenic shock at presentation...
June 2017: Cardiorenal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734244/renal-denervation-attenuates-hypertension-and-renal-dysfunction-in-a-model-of-cardiovascular-and-renal-disease-which-is-associated-with-reduced-nadph-and-xanthine-oxidase-activity
#20
Maria Peleli, Peter Flacker, Zhengbing Zhuge, Cristina Gomez, Craig E Wheelock, A Erik G Persson, Mattias Carlstrom
Oxidative stress is considered a central pathophysiological event in cardiovascular disease, including hypertension. Early age reduction in renal mass is associated with hypertension and oxidative stress in later life, which is aggravated by increased salt intake. The aim of the present study was to examine if renal sympathetic denervation can exert blood pressure lowering effects in uninephrectomized (UNX) rats (3-week old) fed with high salt (HS, 4%; w/w) diet for 4 weeks. Moreover, we investigated if renal denervation is associated with changes in NADPH and xanthine oxidase-derived reactive oxygen species...
July 5, 2017: Redox Biology
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