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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551022/a-novel-glycosyl-hydrolase-family-16-%C3%AE-agarase-from-the-agar-utilizing-marine-bacterium-gilvimarinus-agarilyticus-jea5-the-first-agarase-molecular-and-biochemical-characterization-in-the-genus-gilvimarinus
#1
Youngdeuk Lee, Eunyoung Jo, Yeon-Ju Lee, Sachithra Amarin Hettiarachchi, Gun-Hoo Park, Su-Jin Lee, Soo-Jin Heo, Do-Hyung Kang, Chulhong Oh
The agarase gene gaa16a was identified from a draft genome sequence of Gilvimarinus agarilyticus JEA5, an agar-utilizing marine bacterium. Recently, three agarase-producing bacteria, G. chinensis , G. polysaccharolyticus , and G. agarilyticus , in the genus Gilvimarinus were reported. However, there have been no reports of the molecular characteristics and biochemical properties of these agarases. In this study, we analyzed the molecular characteristics and biochemical properties of agarases in Gilvimarinus ...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471426/isolation-characterization-and-antibiotic-sensitivity-assessment-of-gallibacterium-anatis-biovar-haemolytica-from-diseased-egyptian-chicken-flocks-during-the-years-2013-and-2015
#2
Ahmed R Elbestawy, Hany F Ellakany, Hatem S Abd El-Hamid, Ahmed A Bekheet, Nahla E Mataried, Sherif M Nasr, Nadim M Amarin
Gallibacterium anatis biovar haemolytica constitutes a part of the normal microflora in the upper respiratory and genital tracts of healthy chickens, but it is also associated with different pathological conditions. In the current study, 102 commercial chicken flocks suffering from respiratory disease and/or drop in egg production were investigated for the presence of G. anatis during 2013 and 2015. These flocks comprised 8 breeder, 32 layer, and 62 broiler flocks. By culture method, 20 flocks were found positive: one isolate derived from broiler breeders, 6 isolates from layers, and 13 isolates from broilers...
February 16, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464363/corallibacterium-pacifica-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-novel-bacterium-of-the-family-vibrionaceae-isolated-from-hard-coral
#3
Sachithra Amarin Hettiarachchi, Su-Jin Lee, Youngdeuk Lee, Young-Kyung Kwon, Kae Kyoung Kwon, Sung-Hyun Yang, Eunyoung Jo, Do-Hyung Kang, Chulhong Oh
A gram-negative, rod-shaped, motile, oxidase- and catalase-positive, non-pigmented marine bacterium, designated strain OS-11M-2T , was isolated from a coral sample collected from the Osakura coastal area in Micronesia. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequences indicated that strain OS-11M-2T is a member of the family Vibrionaceae, its closest neighbors being Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida NCIMB 2058T (94.9%), Photobacterium damselae subsp. damselae CIP 102761T (94.75%), Grimontia marina IMCC5001T (94...
February 20, 2018: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440557/multisensory-integration-enhances-temporal-coding-in-ventral-cochlear-nucleus-bushy-cells
#4
Amarins N Heeringa, Calvin Wu, Susan E Shore
Temporal coding of auditory stimuli is critical for understanding communication signals. The bushy cell, a major output neuron of the ventral cochlear nucleus, can precisely 'phase-lock' to pure tones and the envelopes of complex stimuli. Bushy cells are also putative recipients of brainstem somatosensory projections and could therefore play a role in perception of communication signals, as multisensory integration is required for such complex sound processing. Here we examine the role of multisensory integration in temporal coding in bushy cells by activating the spinal trigeminal nucleus (Sp5) while recording responses from bushy cells...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368171/truth-disclosure-practices-of-physicians-in-jordan
#5
Saif M Borgan, Justin Z Amarin, Areej K Othman, Haya H Suradi, Yasmeen Z Qwaider
Disclosure of health information is a sensitive matter, particularly in the context of serious illness. In conservative societies-those which predominate in the developing world-direct truth disclosure undoubtedly presents an ethical conundrum to the modern physician. The aim of this study is to explore the truth disclosure practices of physicians in Jordan, a developing country. In this descriptive, cross-sectional study, 240 physicians were initially selected by stratified random sampling. The sample was drawn from four major hospitals in Amman, Jordan...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259658/type-1-diabetes-does-not-impair-the-physical-capacity-of-non-sedentary-adolescents
#6
Milena S Nascimento, Carolina F Espindola, Cristiane do Prado, Melina Blanco Amarins, Ana Lucia Potenza, Luciana Pacheco, Erica Santos, Teresa Cristina A Vieira
Background: Type 1 diabetes patients have a higher risk of developing hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia during physical activity, which may compromise their safety during exercise but results regarding the exercise capacity of patients with type 1 DM when compared to control subjects have been contradictory. Aim: To evaluate if type 1 diabetes affects the capacity of adolescents to exercise. Methods: The study enrolled 37 adolescents in stage 2-4 of the Tanner scale, aged from 10 to 14 years, 21 with type 1 diabetes and 16 without any chronic diseases...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216404/exposure-to-extremely-low-frequency-electromagnetic-fields-during-lessons-in-secondary-schools
#7
Wasana Silangam, Witaya Yoosook, Pornpimol Kongtip, Amarin Kongtawelert, Keson Theppeang
Schools are a significant location where children are exposed to electromagnetic fields (EMFs), which may cause adverse health effects. This cross-sectional study aimed to examine exposure levels to extremely low frequency magnetic fields (ELF-MFs) with a range of 5 Hz-32 kHz, and ELF-electric fields (ELF-EFs) with a range of 5 Hz-2 kHz in secondary schools in Bangkok, Thailand. This study was conducted in 60 classrooms from three schools during class hours. Spot measurements were taken with a Narda EFA 300 field analyzer to evaluate exposure levels...
December 5, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141605/an-intronic-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-rs13217795-in-foxo3-is-associated-with-asthma-and-allergic-rhinitis-a-case-case-control-study
#8
Justin Z Amarin, Randa G Naffa, Haya H Suradi, Yousof M Alsaket, Nathir M Obeidat, Tareq M Mahafza, Malek A Zihlif
BACKGROUND: Asthma and allergic rhinitis are respiratory diseases with a significant global burden. Forkhead box O3 (FOXO3) is a gene involved in the etiology of a number of respiratory diseases. The objective of this study is to assess the association of rs13217795, an intronic FOXO3 single-nucleotide polymorphism, with asthma and allergic rhinitis. METHODS: In this case-case-control genetic association study, genotyping was conducted using the PCR-RFLP method...
November 15, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062554/effectiveness-of-prophylactic-cervical-cerclage-in-prolonging-higher-order-multiple-pregnancies
#9
Nail Obeidat, Haifa Alchalabi, Maha Obeidat, Bahauddin Sallout, Shereen Hamadneh, Jehan Hamadneh, Yousef Khader, Zouhair Amarin
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the value of prophylactic cervical cerclage in prolonging higher-order multiple pregnancies. METHODS: This retrospective study included all women with higher-order multiple pregnancies beyond 24 gestational weeks treated at the King Abdullah University Hospital in Irbid, Jordan, and King Fahad Medical City in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between February 2014 and January 2015. Selected maternal characteristics and obstetric outcomes were compared between women who received prophylactic cervical cerclage and those who did not...
August 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934714/efficacy-of-dehydroepiandrosterone-dhea-to-overcome-the-effect-of-ovarian-ageing-ditto-a-proof-of-principle-double-blinded-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#10
Amarin Narkwichean, Walid Maalouf, Miriam Baumgarten, Lukasz Polanski, Nick Raine-Fenning, Bruce Campbell, Kannamannadiar Jayaprakasan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of DHEA supplementation on In-Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) outcome as assessed by ovarian response, oocyte developmental competence and live birth rates in women predicted to have poor ovarian reserve (OR). The feasibility of conducting a large trial is also assessed by evaluating the recruitment rates and compliance of the recruited participants with DHEA/placebo intake and follow-up rates. STUDY DESIGN: A single centre, double blinded, placebo controlled, randomized trial was performed over two years with 60 women undergoing in-vitro fertilisation (IVF)...
November 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820617/patient-centeredness-in-physiotherapy-what-does-it-entail-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#11
Amarins J Wijma, Anouck N Bletterman, Jacqui R Clark, Sigrid C J M Vervoort, Anneke Beetsma, Doeke Keizer, Jo Nijs, C Paul Van Wilgen
PURPOSE: The literature review is aimed at examining and summarizing themes related to patient-centeredness identified in qualitative research from the perspectives of patients and physiotherapists. Following the review, a secondary aim was to synthesize the themes to construct a proposed conceptual framework for utilization within physiotherapy. METHODS: A systematic search of qualitative studies was conducted including all articles up to 2015 September. Methodological quality was examined with a checklist...
November 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807856/low-levels-of-genetic-diversity-associated-with-evidence-of-negative-selection-on-the-babesia-bovis-apical-membrane-antigen-1-from-parasite-populations-in-thailand
#12
Amarin Rittipornlertrak, Boondarika Nambooppha, Pacharathon Simking, Veerasak Punyapornwithaya, Saruda Tiwananthagorn, Sathaporn Jittapalapong, Yang-Tsung Chung, Nattawooti Sthitmatee
Babesia bovis, a parasite infecting cattle and buffalo, continues to spread throughout the developing world. The babesial vaccine was developed to be a sustainable alternative treatment to control the parasite. However, genetic diversity is a major obstacle for designing and developing a safe and effective vaccine. The apical membrane antigen 1 (AMA-1) is considered to be a potential vaccine candidate antigen among immunogenic genes of B. bovis. To gain a more comprehensive understanding of B. bovis AMA-1 (BbAMA-1), three B...
August 12, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752522/pentoxifylline-increases-the-level-of-nitric-oxide-produced-by-human-spermatozoa
#13
S A Banihani, R F Abu-Alhayjaa, Z O Amarin, K H Alzoubi
Pentoxifylline (PF) is a xanthine derivative drug primarily used to treat peripheral vascular disorders. It is currently used in assisted reproductive technologies to enhance human sperm motility. However, the mechanism by which this enhancement occurs is not fully understood. Given that nitric oxide has been identified as a trigger to sperm motion, we asked whether nitric oxide modulates the stimulatory effect of PF on sperm motility. A total of 41 semen samples from infertile males were studied. Nitric oxide production in the presence of 5 mm PF was tested using different bio-analytical methods (spectrophotometry, fluorometry and fluorescence microscopy)...
July 28, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713613/the-use-of-human-mature-cystic-ovarian-teratoma-as-a-model-to-study-the-development-of-human-lymphatics
#14
Rashid Al-Jomard, Zouhair Amarin
The angiogenic theory to the development of human lymphatics is not clear. The objective of this study was to investigate the development of human lymphatics. Semi-thin and thin paraffin sections from human mature cystic ovarian teratoma tissues were studied using light and electron microscopy. Lymphatics were formed by the differentiation of mesenchymal cells that gradually acquired morphological features of endothelial cells. It is suggested that in human mature cystic ovarian teratoma the lymphatic endothelium develops from mesenchymal cells, and not from cells derived from mature endothelium of a preexisting vein or lymphatic...
June 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621106/a-rapid-and-efficient-screening-method-for-antibacterial-compound-producing-bacteria
#15
Sachithra Hettiarachchi, Su-Jin Lee, Youngdeuk Lee, Young-Kyung Kwon, Mahanama De Zoysa, Song Moon, Eunyoung Jo, Taeho Kim, Do-Hyung Kang, Soo-Jin Heo, Chulhong Oh
Antibacterial compounds are widely used in the treatment of human and animal diseases. The overuse of antibiotics has led to a rapid rise in the prevalence of drug-resistant bacteria, making the development of new antibacterial compounds essential. This study focused on developing a fast and easy method for identifying marine bacteria that produce antibiotic compounds. Eight randomly selected marine target bacterial species (Agrococcus terreus, Bacillus algicola, Mesoflavibacter zeaxanthinifaciens, Pseudoalteromonas flavipulchra, P...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524700/what-is-important-in-transdisciplinary-pain-neuroscience-education-a-qualitative-study
#16
Amarins J Wijma, Caroline M Speksnijder, Astrid F Crom-Ottens, J M Corine Knulst-Verlaan, Doeke Keizer, Jo Nijs, C Paul van Wilgen
PURPOSE: The main focus of Pain Neuroscience Education is around changing patients' pain perceptions and minimizing further medical care. Even though Pain Neuroscience Education has been studied extensively, the experiences of patients regarding the Pain Neuroscience Education process remain to be explored. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the experiences in patients with non-specific chronic pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients with non-specific chronic pain from a transdisciplinary treatment centre were in-depth interviewed...
May 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441203/the-pervasive-culture-of-abuse-in-medical-education-a-focus-on-developing-countries
#17
Justin Z Amarin, Saif M Borgan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417223/dorsal-metacarpal-veins-anatomic-variation-and-potential-clinical-implications
#18
Sara S Elmegarhi, Justin Z Amarin, Maher T Hadidi, Darwish H Badran, Islam M Massad, Amjad M Bani-Hani, Amjad T Shatarat
The dorsal metacarpal veins are frequently cannulated. Cannulation success is determined by several variable anatomic features. The objective of this study is to classify, for the first time, the anatomic variants of the dorsal metacarpal veins. In this cross-sectional study, 520 university students and staff were conveniently recruited. The dorsal metacarpal veins in 1040 hands were studied. Venous visibility was enhanced by either tourniquet application or near-infrared illumination. Variant patterns of the dorsal metacarpal veins were classified...
April 17, 2017: Anatomical Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339336/response-to-letter
#19
Amarins J Wijma, C Paul van Wilgen, Mira Meeus, Jo Nijs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339330/-clinical-biopsychosocial-physiotherapy-assessment-of-patients-with-chronic-pain-the-first-step-in-pain-neuroscience-education-by-amarins-j-wijma-et-al-2016
#20
Rob A B Oostendorp, Hans Elvers, Emilia Mikolajewska, Marjan Laekeman, Emiel van Trijffel, Han Samwel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
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