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microRNA-155

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924974/mir-155-regulates-high-glucose-induced-cardiac-fibrosis-via-the-tgf-%C3%AE-signaling-pathway
#1
Dong Zhang, Yongchun Cui, Bin Li, Xiaokang Luo, Bo Li, Yue Tang
Cardiac fibrosis, as a pathological process, plays an important role in various cardiac diseases. microRNA-155 (miR-155) is one of the most important miRNAs, and previous studies have shown that it is a regulatory factor in various fibrotic diseases. However, the mechanism by which miR-155 affects myocardial fibrosis remains unclear. In this study, we aim to establish the biological function of miR-155 in myocardial fibrosis induced by diabetes in mice. We used normal C57BL/6 wild type (WT) and miR-155 knockout (KO) mice to establish the diabetic model by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin, and we utilized echocardiography to evaluate the cardiac function at 30 and 60 days post-modeling...
December 7, 2016: Molecular BioSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895173/human-regulatory-t-cells-mediate-transcriptional-modulation-of-dendritic-cell-function
#2
Emily Mavin, Lindsay Nicholson, Syed Rafez Ahmed, Fei Gao, Anne Dickinson, Xiao-Nong Wang
Regulatory T cells (Treg) attenuate dendritic cell (DC) maturation and stimulatory function. Current knowledge on the functional impact of semimature DC is limited to CD4(+) T cell proliferation and cytokine production. Little is known about the molecular basis underpinning the functional effects of Treg-treated DC (Treg-DC). We present novel evidence that Treg-DC skewed CD4(+) naive T cell polarization toward a regulatory phenotype and impaired CD8(+) T cell allo-reactive responses, including their ability to induce target tissue damage in a unique in vitro human graft-versus-host disease skin explant model...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890012/the-biology-of-%C3%AE-d-mannuronic-acid-m2000-on-human-dendritic-cell-based-on-microrna-155-and-microrna-221
#3
Nakisa Tabrizian, Nazanin Arjomand Fard, Ali Farazmand, Rahil Eftekhari, Farzaneh Tofighi Zavareh, Abbas Mirshafiey
: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ß-D-mannuronic acid (M2000) on related miRNAs to dendritic cells (DCs) differentiation. DC-based immunosuppressive drugs can suppress the progression of autoimmune diseases, however, their notable side effects in increasing the risk of infectious diseases and cancers should be considered. The ß-D-mannuronic acid, as a novel non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent, has been tested in various experimental models. The effect of M2000 on expression of miRNA-155 and miRNA-221 was examined...
November 23, 2016: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872469/preoperative-serum-microrna-155-expression-independently-predicts-postoperative-cognitive-dysfunction-after-laparoscopic-surgery-for-colon-cancer
#4
Chaoshuang Wu, Ruichun Wang, Xiaoyu Li, Junping Chen
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to examine the association between serum expression of miRNA-155 and postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) after laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS We enrolled 110 patients scheduled to undergo colon tumor resection via laparotomy in Ningbo No. 2 Hospital from July 2013 to November 2015. The blood samples were collected from the participants 1 day before surgery. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used for the analysis of independent predictive biomarkers for POCD...
November 22, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856635/micrornaa-155-deficiency-leads-to-decreased-atherosclerosis-increased-white-adipose-tissue-obesity-and-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-novel-mouse-model-of-obesity-paradox
#5
Anthony Virtue, Candice Johnson, Jahaira Lopez-Pastraña, Ying Shao, Hangfei Fu, Xinyuan Li, Ya-Feng Li, Ying Yin, Jietang Mai, Victor Rizzo, Michael Tordoff, Zsolt Bagi, Huimin Shan, Xiaohua Jiang, Hong Wang, Xiao-Feng Yang
Obesity paradox (OP) describes a widely observed clinical finding of improved cardiovascular fitness and survival in some overweight or obese patients. The molecular mechanisms underlying OP remain enigmatic partly due to a lack of animal models mirroring OP in patients. Using apolipoprotein E knockout (ApoE-/-) mice on high-fat (HF) diet as an atherosclerotic obesity model, we demonstrated: 1) microRNA-155 (miRNA-155, miR-155) is significantly upregulated in aortas of ApoE-/- mice; and miR-155 deficiency in ApoE-/- mice inhibits atherosclerosis; 2) ApoE-/-/miR-155-/- (DKO) mice show HF diet-induced obesity, adipocyte hypertrophy and present with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD); 3) DKO mice demonstrate HF diet-induced elevations of plasma leptin, resistin, fed-state and fasting insulin, increased expression of adipogenic transcription factors, but lack glucose intolerance and insulin resistance...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825093/microrna-155-regulates-cell-survival-growth-and-chemosensitivity-by-targeting-foxo3a-in-breast-cancer
#6
William Kong, Lili He, Marc Coppola, Jianping Guo, Nicole N Esposito, Domenico Coppola, Jin Q Cheng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817193/effect-of-microrna-155-on-the-interferon-gamma-signaling-pathway-in-biliary-atresia
#7
Yu-An Hsu, Chih-Hung Lin, Hui-Ju Lin, Chi-Chun Huang, Hsiu-Chu Lin, Ying-Chi Chen, Ching-Yao Chang, Su-Hua Huang, Jane-Ming Lin, Kuan-Rong Lee, Lei Wan
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are ~22-nucleotide long RNAs that negatively regulate gene expression and inflammatory responses in eukaryotes. The aim of this work was to evaluate the roles of miRNA (miR)-155 on the interferon-γ (IFN-γ)-induced response in biliary atresia (BA), which is the most common form of pediatric chronic liver disease and a leading indication for pediatric liver transplantation. The expression of miR-155 and the suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) gene in human and mice liver tissues of BA and healthy controls was evaluated...
December 31, 2016: Chinese Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796698/microrna-155-induced-t-lymphocyte-subgroup-drifting-in-iga-nephropathy
#8
Lichuan Yang, XiaoYan Zhang, Wei Peng, Mian Wei, Wei Qin
BACKGROUND: MicroRNA-155 (miR-155) is an important immune regulator of T lymphocyte subgroup balance and function. This study was performed to explore the relationships between miR-155 expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), T lymphocyte subgroups, T lymphocyte regulators, and the clinical manifestations of IgA nephropathy (IgAN) patients. METHODS: Sixty biopsy-proven IgAN patients and 25 healthy controls were included in this study. The expression of miRNAs in PBMCs was determined using a microRNA microarray and real-time RT-PCR...
October 31, 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777199/-expression-of-microrna-155-in-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-and-its-clinical-significance
#9
You-Zhi Zhu, Ke Zheng, Hui-Hao Zhang, Ling Chen, Kun-Lin Wu, Cai-Hong Ren, Zong-Cai Wang, Ling-Jun Kong, Wei-Hong Ruan, Xiang-Jin Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation of microRNA-155 (miR-155) expression with clinicopathological features of patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and explore the value of miR-155 in prognostic assessment of PTC. METHODS: We collected 86 pairs of fresh PTC and adjacent tissues to examine the expression of miR-155 using fluorescent quantitative PCR. miR-155 expressions in the tissues were analyzed in relation to the clinicopathological features of the patients...
October 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761889/microrna-155-in-serum-derived-extracellular-vesicles-as-a-potential-biomarker-for-hematologic-malignancies-a-short-report
#10
Antonella Caivano, Francesco La Rocca, Vittorio Simeon, Marco Girasole, Simone Dinarelli, Ilaria Laurenzana, Angelo De Stradis, Luciana De Luca, Stefania Trino, Antonio Traficante, Giovanni D'Arena, Giovanna Mansueto, Oreste Villani, Giuseppe Pietrantuono, Luca Laurenti, Luigi Del Vecchio, Pellegrino Musto
PURPOSE: The use of extracellular vesicles (EVs) from body fluids as "liquid biopsies" is emerging as a promising approach for the diagnosis, prognosis and therapeutic monitoring of cancer patients. MicroRNA-155 (miR155), a non-coding transcript of the B-cell integration cluster (BIC) gene, has been reported to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of several types of hematologic malignancies (HMs) in which high miR155 levels have been found. At yet, however, the EV miR155 level and its putative clinical relevance in sera of HM patients have not been reported...
October 19, 2016: Cellular Oncology (Dordrecht)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750421/in-situ-growth-of-three-dimensional-graphene-films-for-signal-on-electrochemical-biosensing-of-various-analytes
#11
Dongqing Kong, Sai Bi, Zonghua Wang, Jianfei Xia, Feifei Zhang
In this work, an in situ growth protocol is introduced to fabricate three-dimensional graphene films (3D GFs) on gold substrates, which are successfully utilized as working electrode for electrochemical detection of nucleic acid (microRNA) and protein (lysozyme) based on a signal-on sensing mechanism. To realize the bridge between the gold substrate and graphene film, a monolayer of 4-aminothiophenol is self-assembled on the substrate, which is then served as connectors for the growth of 3D GFs on the gold substrate by the hydrothermal reduction (HR) technique...
October 18, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746237/the-role-of-microrna-155-liver-x-receptor-pathway-in-experimental-and-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#12
Mariola Kurowska-Stolarska, Manhl K Hasoo, David J Welsh, Lynn Stewart, Donna McIntyre, Brian E Morton, Steven Johnstone, Ashley M Miller, Darren L Asquith, Neal L Millar, Ann B Millar, Carol A Feghali-Bostwick, Nikhil Hirani, Peter J Crick, Yuqin Wang, William J Griffiths, Iain B McInnes, Charles McSharry
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is progressive and rapidly fatal. Improved understanding of pathogenesis is required to prosper novel therapeutics. Epigenetic changes contribute to IPF; therefore, microRNAs may reveal novel pathogenic pathways. OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the regulatory role of microRNA (miR)-155 in the profibrotic function of murine lung macrophages and fibroblasts, IPF lung fibroblasts, and its contribution to experimental pulmonary fibrosis...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731397/role-of-mir-155-in-controlling-hif-1%C3%AE-level-and-promoting-endothelial-cell-maturation
#13
Deguang Yang, Jinhong Wang, Meng Xiao, Tao Zhou, Xu Shi
Stem-cell-based therapy for cardiovascular disease, especially ischemic heart disease (IHD), is a promising approach to facilitating neovascularization through the migration of stem cells to the ischemic site and their subsequent differentiation into endothelial cells (ECs). Hypoxia is a chief feature of IHD and the stem cell niche. However, whether hypoxia promotes stem cell differentiation into ECs or causes them to retain their stemness is controversial. Here, the differentiation of pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) into endothelial cells (ECs) was induced under hypoxia...
October 12, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725852/microrna-155-in-exosomes-secreted-from-helicobacter-pylori-infection-macrophages-immunomodulates-inflammatory-response
#14
Jianjun Wang, Zhiyong Deng, Zeyou Wang, Jianhong Wu, Tao Gu, Yibiao Jiang, Guangxin Li
Exosomes containing microRNA-155 act as molecule carriers during immune cell-cell communication and play an important role in the inflammatory response of H. pylori infection macrophages. Previous reports have found that miR-155 was over-expressed in H. pylori infection macrophages, but the significance of which is still unknown. In this study, we analyzed the impact of miR-155 loaded in exosomes derived from macrophages to the inflammatory response of H. pylori infection macrophages and possible mechanisms...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697141/follicular-t-helper-cells-and-il-21-in-rheumatic-diseases
#15
Tue Kruse Rasmussen
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are lifelong diseases with increased mortality and chronic pains. They are both characterized by immunological imbalances causing the immune system attack and destroy the bodies own tissues (called autoimmune disease). The best treatment, we are currently able to offer these patients, cause significant side-effects and can not prevent significant loss of quality of life. At the heart of the disease mechanisms in RA and SLE are subsets of immune cells called T and B cells...
October 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683672/vascular-mineralocorticoid-receptor-regulates-microrna-155-to-promote-vasoconstriction-and-rising-blood-pressure-with-aging
#16
Jennifer J DuPont, Amy McCurley, Ana P Davel, Joseph McCarthy, Shawn B Bender, Kwangseok Hong, Yan Yang, Jeung-Ki Yoo, Mark Aronovitz, Wendy E Baur, Demetra D Christou, Michael A Hill, Iris Z Jaffe
Hypertension is nearly universal yet poorly controlled in the elderly despite proven benefits of intensive treatment. Mice lacking mineralocorticoid receptors in smooth muscle cells (SMC-MR-KO) are protected from rising blood pressure (BP) with aging, despite normal renal function. Vasoconstriction is attenuated in aged SMC-MR-KO mice, thus they were used to explore vascular mechanisms that may contribute to hypertension with aging. MicroRNA (miR) profiling identified miR-155 as the most down-regulated miR with vascular aging in MR-intact but not SMC-MR-KO mice...
September 8, 2016: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673475/fine-tuning-the-expression-of-microrna-155-controls-acetaminophen-induced-liver-inflammation
#17
Kai Yuan, Xue Zhang, Lei Lv, Jiwei Zhang, Wei Liang, Peng Wang
Treatment of acetaminophen (APAP) in overdose can cause a potentially serious and fatal liver injury. MicroRNA-155 (miR-155), a multifunctional microRNA, is known to mediate inflammatory responses via regulating various target genes. In this study, we aimed to study the role of miR-155 in APAP-induced liver injury, using miR-155-/- mice and miR-155 in vivo intervention. We noted that miR-155 expression was significantly increased in liver and blood after APAP treatment. Knockout of miR-155 deteriorated APAP-induced liver damage, with the elevated serum levels of AST and ALT...
September 24, 2016: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671860/microrna-155-influences-b-cell-function-through-pu-1-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#18
Stefano Alivernini, Mariola Kurowska-Stolarska, Barbara Tolusso, Roberta Benvenuto, Aziza Elmesmari, Silvia Canestri, Luca Petricca, Antonella Mangoni, Anna Laura Fedele, Clara Di Mario, Maria Rita Gigante, Elisa Gremese, Iain B McInnes, Gianfranco Ferraccioli
MicroRNA-155 (miR-155) is an important regulator of B cells in mice. B cells have a critical role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Here we show that miR-155 is highly expressed in peripheral blood B cells from RA patients compared with healthy individuals, particularly in the IgD(-)CD27(-) memory B-cell population in ACPA(+) RA. MiR-155 is highly expressed in RA B cells from patients with synovial tissue containing ectopic germinal centres compared with diffuse synovial tissue. MiR-155 expression is associated reciprocally with lower expression of PU...
September 27, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667464/-xinfeng-capsule-reduces-hypercoagulative-state-in-patients-with-sjogren-s-syndrome-by-inhibiting-mir-155-socs1-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway
#19
Fubing Zhu, Jian Liu, Guizhen Wang, Li Fang, Pingheng Zhang, Bing Tan
Objective To explore the relationship between Xinfeng Capsule (XFC) improving the hypercoagulative state in patients with Sjogren's syndrome (SS) and miR-155/suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1)/nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway. Methods Sixty-six SS patients were randomly divided into XFC-treated group and hydroxychloroquine (HCQ)-treated control group (n=33 per group), which were respectively treated with XFC and HCQ. In addition, 20 healthy volunteers were enrolled as a normal control group...
October 2016: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620887/cardiac-electrical-and-structural-changes-during-bacterial-infection-an-instructive-model-to-study-cardiac-dysfunction-in-sepsis
#20
Michael A Makara, Ky V Hoang, Latha P Ganesan, Elliot D Crouser, John S Gunn, Joanne Turner, Larry S Schlesinger, Peter J Mohler, Murugesan V S Rajaram
BACKGROUND: Sepsis patients with cardiac dysfunction have significantly higher mortality. Although several pathways are associated with myocardial damage in sepsis, the precise cause(s) remains unclear and treatment options are limited. This study was designed to develop a new model to investigate the early events of cardiac damage during sepsis progression. METHODS AND RESULTS: Francisella tularensis subspecies novicida (Ft.n) is a Gram-negative intracellular pathogen causing severe sepsis syndrome in mice...
September 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
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