Read by QxMD icon Read


Yang Li, Yanhong Duo, Jiangang Bi, Xiaowei Zeng, Lin Mei, Shiyun Bao, Lisheng He, Aijun Shan, Yue Zhang, Xiaofang Yu
Introduction: MicroRNA-155 (miR-155) is an oncogenic microRNA, which is upregulated in many human cancers including colorectal cancer (CRC). Overexpression of miR-155 has been found to regulate several cancer-related pathways, and therefore, targeting miR-155 may be an effective strategy for cancer therapy. However, effective and safe delivery of anti-miR-155 to tumors remains challenging for the clinical applications of anti-miR-155-based therapeutics. Methods: In this study, we explored the expression of miR-155 and the transcription factor nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) in CRC tissues and cell lines, and the possible relationship between miR-155 and NF-κB...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Abeer Sheneef, Asmaa M Gouda, Asmaa N Mohammad, Laila M Yousef, Amal K Noureldin
Chronic HCV with its longstanding complications of cirrhosis and HCC is a highly prevalent and challenging problem in Egypt. Recently, microRNAs are ranked as potential biomarkers for early diagnosis of HCV related complications. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of miRNA-122 and miRNA-155 for prediction of progression of HCV infection and for diagnosis of HCC. A total of 92 chronic HCV patients [chronic HCV (group 1, n =32); chronic HCV with cirrhosis (group 2, n=31); chronic HCV with HCC (group 3, n=29)] were enrolled into the study...
June 2017: Egyptian Journal of Immunology
Sinae Kim, Eunji Lee, Jaeyun Jung, Jong Won Lee, Hee Jung Kim, Jisun Kim, Hyun Ju Yoo, Hee Jin Lee, Sun Young Chae, Sang Min Jeon, Byung Ho Son, Gyungyup Gong, Shyam K Sharan, Suhwan Chang
MicroRNA is an endogenous, small RNA controlling multiple target genes and playing roles in various biological processes including tumorigenesis. Here, we addressed the function of miR-155 using LC-MS/MS-based metabolic profiling of miR-155 deficient breast cancer cells. Our results revealed the loss of miR-155 hampers glucose uptake and glycolysis, via the down-regulation of glucose transporters and metabolic enzymes including HK2, PKM2, and LDHA. We showed this is due to the down-regulation of cMYC, controlled through phosphoinositide-3-kinase regulatory subunit alpha (PIK3R1)-PDK1/AKT-FOXO3a pathway...
March 12, 2018: Oncogene
Nikola Radović, Nataša Nikolić Jakoba, Nina Petrović, Aleksandra Milosavljević, Božidar Brković, Jelena Roganović
AIM: Recent studies point at the crucial role of epigenetic mechanisms in the development of multifactorial diseases such as periodontitis and diabetes mellitus (DM) type 2. In addition, circulatory microRNAs (miRs) have emerged as novel biomarkers for various diseases. Aim of this study was to investigate the levels of miR-146a and miR-155 and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of periodontitis patients with (CPDM) and without (CP) DM type 2 as well as in periodontally healthy, control groups (PHDM and PH, respectively)...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
F Z Gonçalves, F S Lizarte Neto, P C Novais, D Gattas, L G Lourenço, C A M de Carvalho, D P C Tirapelli, C A F Molina, L F Tirapelli, S Tucci
Recent evidence shows that chronic ethanol consumption increases endothelin (ET)-1 induced sustained contraction of trabecular smooth muscle cells of the corpora cavernosa in corpus cavernosum of rats by a mechanism that involves increased expression of ETA and ETB receptors. Our goal was to evaluate the effects of alcohol and diabetes and their relationship to miRNA-155, miRNA-199 and endothelin receptors in the corpus cavernosum and blood of rats submitted to the experimental model of diabetes mellitus and chronic alcoholism...
March 1, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
Hongxia Liu, Liang Zhong, Taixian Yuan, Sicheng Chen, Yiqing Zhou, Liqin An, Yangliu Guo, Mengtian Fan, Ya Li, Yanting Sun, Wang Li, Qiong Shi, Yaguang Weng
Previous studies have indicated that bone morphogenetic protein 9 (BMP9) can promote the osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and increase bone formation in bone diseases. However, the mechanisms involved remained poorly understood. It is necessary to investigate the specific regulatory mechanisms of osteogenic differentiation that were induced by BMP9. During the process of osteogenic differentiation induced by BMP9, the expression of microRNA-155 (miR-155) exhibited a tendency of increasing at first and then decreasing, which made us consider that miR-155 may have a modulatory role in this process, but the roles of this process have not been elucidated...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Yi Yang, Yanpeng Jia, Yao Xiao, Ying Hao, Lan Zhang, Xiaoxin Chen, Jian He, Yongxiang Zhao, Zhiyong Qian
Anti-microRNA-155 (anti-miR-155), an oligonucleotide with a complimentary sequence to microRNA-155, holds great promise for lung cancer therapy, and thus some cationic materials have been used to deliver anti-miR-155 into lung tumors. Although the gene delivery capacity in vitro was favorable, the application in vivo was limited by rapid removal and significant cytotoxicity, which were mainly caused by the positive charge of the gene complexes. Therefore, it was necessary to develop a novel carrier to decrease the positive charge and increase the gene delivery capacity into the tumor site...
February 28, 2018: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
Ke Wang, Peng Deng, Yuan Sun, Ping Ye, Anchen Zhang, Chuangyan Wu, Zhang Yue, Zhaolei Chen, Jiahong Xia
OBJECTIVE: Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) suffers from a high number of failures caused by insufficient outward remodeling and venous neointimal hyperplasia formation. The aim was to investigate the exact mechanism by which microRNA-155 (miR-155) in the outflow vein of AVF is regulated. METHODS: AVFs between the branch of the jugular vein and carotid artery in an end-to-end manner were created in C57BL/6 and miR-155-/- mice with a C57BL/6 background. The venous segments were harvested at day 7, 14, 21, and 28, and the AVFs were analyzed histologically and at a messenger RNA level using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reactions...
March 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Fang Huang, Zhifeng Chen, Hanwen Chen, Wei Lu, Shujun Xie, Qing H Meng, Yihua Wu, Dajing Xia
Cypermethrin (CYM), a type II pyrethroid, is widely used as an insecticide for agriculture and household. Cumulative evidence indicates that acute and chronic exposure to CYM might cause a number of health problems, such as cancer and neuronal system diseases. However, the molecular mechanism underlying this pathology is not known. The main objective of our study was to define the effects of CYM on macrophages and the implication of such effects in cancer metastasis and the potential mechanism involved. The effects of CYM on the macrophages were evaluated by detecting the expression of M1 and M2 macrophage polarization markers through ELISA, quantitative RT-PCR and Western blot assay...
February 19, 2018: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
Shaolin He, Chun Wu, Junhui Xiao, Dazhu Li, Ziyan Sun, Ming Li
OBJECTIVE: Endothelial cells (ECs) and macrophages engage in tight and specific interactions that play critical roles in cardiovascular homeostasis and the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are circular membrane fragments released from the endosomal compartment as exosomes or shed from the surfaces of the membranes of most cell types. Increasing evidence indicates that EVs play a pivotal role in cell-to-cell communication. However, the contribution of EVs, as determine by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-exposed and/or Kruppel-like factor 2 (KLF2)-transduced ECs in the interaction between vascular ECs and monocytes/ macrophages, which is a key event in atherosclerotic plaque development, has remained elusive...
February 21, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
Fatemeh Hakimian, Hedayatollah Ghourchian, Azam Sadat Hashemi, Mohammad Reza Arastoo, Mohammad Behnam Rad
An ultrasensitive optical biosensor for microRNA-155 (miR-155) was developed to diagnose breast cancer at early stages. At first, the probe DNA covalently bind to the negatively charged gold nanoparticles (citrate-capped AuNPs). Then, the target miR-155 electrostatically adsorb onto the positively charged gold nanoparticles (polyethylenimine-capped AuNP) surface. Finally, by mixing citrate-capped AuNP/probe and polyethylenimine-capped AuNP/miR-155, hybridization occurs and the optical signal of the mixture give a measure to quantify the miR-155 content...
February 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
Markus Gwiggner, Rocio T Martinez-Nunez, Simon R Whiteoak, Victor P Bondanese, Andy Claridge, Jane E Collins, J R Fraser Cummings, Tilman Sanchez-Elsner
Interleukin-13 (IL-13) is an important Type 2 T helper (Th2) cytokine, controlling biological functions in epithelium and has been linked to asthma, atopic dermatitis and ulcerative colitis (UC). Interleukin-13 signals through IL-13 receptor α-1 ( IL13RA1 (gene) and IL13Rα1 (protein)), a receptor that can be regulated by microRNAs (miRs). MicroRNAs are small non-coding single-stranded RNAs with a role in several pathologies. However, their relevance in the pathophysiology of UC, a chronic inflammatory condition of the colonic mucosa, is poorly characterised...
February 13, 2018: Genes
Delia Blaya, Beatriz Aguilar-Bravo, Fengjie Hao, Silvia Casacuberta-Serra, Mar Coll, Luis Perea, Júlia Vallverdú, Isabel Graupera, Elisa Pose, Laura Llovet, Jordi Barquinero, Francisco Javier Cubero, Juan Caballería, Pere Ginès, Pau Sancho-Bru
miR-155 is involved in immune and inflammatory diseases and is associated with liver fibrosis and steatohepatitis. However, the mechanisms involved in miR-155 regulation of liver injury are largely unknown. The role of miR-155 in acute liver injury was assessed in wild type (WT), miR-155-/- and miR-155-/- mice transplanted with WT bone marrow. Additionally, miR-155 expression was evaluated in liver tissue and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of patients with autoimmune hepatitis. Concanavalin A (ConA) but not acetaminophen (APAP) treatment increased the expression of miR-155 in liver tissue of WT mice...
February 8, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Xian-Ke Qiu, Jun Ma
Cardiovascular diseases are a consequence of genetic and epigenetic interactions. Inflammation contributes toward the initiation and progression of atherosclerotic lesions. Previous studies have shown that microRNA (miR) 155 plays a role in cardiovascular disease, including the prevention of inflammatory infiltration, regulation of autophagy, and participation of immunoreactions. However, the change of miR-155 level in the development of atherosclerosis remains to be determined. The initial objective of this study was that CHD patients would have altered serum miR-155 level...
February 7, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
Zhigang Wang, Tao Yi, Man Long, Fengmin Ding, Lichen Ouyang, Zebin Chen
In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of electro-acupuncture (EA) at the Zusanli acupoint (ST36) on interleukin (IL)-33-mediated mast cell activation. Firstly, 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB)-induced allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) in rats was developed with or without EA treatment. Then, rat peritoneal mast cells (RPMCs) were obtained and cultured in the presence of IL-33. EA treatment relieved ear swelling and reduced mast cell infiltration in the local inflammation area with DNFB challenge, accompanying the decrement of IL-33 production...
February 5, 2018: Inflammation
Ying Zhou, Haijun Wang, Han Zhang, Ya-Qin Chai, Ruo Yuan
The DNA nanocrane with functionalized manipulator and fixed-size base offered a programmable approach to modulate the luminous efficiency of copper naonoclusters (Cu NCs) for achieving remarkable electrochemiluminescence (ECL) enhancement, further the Cu NCs as signal label was constructed in biosensor for ultrasensitive detection of microRNA-155. Herein, the DNA nanocrane was first constructed by combining of binding-induced DNA assembly as manipulator and tetrahedral DNA nanostructure (TDN) as base, which harnessed a small quantity of specific target (miRNA-155) binding to trigger assembly of separate DNA components for producing numerous AT-rich double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) on the vertex of TDN...
February 5, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Courtney A Waugh, Augustine Arukwe, Veerle L B Jaspers
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and similar environmental contaminants, have been linked to virus outbreaks and increased viral induced mortality since the 1970s. Yet the mechanisms behind this increased susceptibility remain elusive. It has recently been illustrated that the innate immune viral detection system is tightly regulated by small non-coding RNAs, including microRNAs (miRNAs). For virus infections miRNA-155 expression is an important host response against infection, and deregulation of this miRNA is closely associated with adverse outcomes...
January 30, 2018: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
Kangkang Liu, Kun Zhao, Lining Wang, Erlin Sun
BACKGROUND: miR-155 functions as an oncomiR or as an oncosuppressor-miR in human cancer. Although miR-155 has been researched in many cancers, its prognostic value is uncertain. METHODS: We performed a literature search in up-to-date electronic databases including PubMed and Embase to obtain as many relevant articles as possible. Combined hazard ratios (HR) of miR-155 for outcome were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 24 papers researching different cancers were included in this meta-analysis...
January 20, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
N Liu, F Jiang, X-Y Han, M Li, W-J Chen, Q-C Liu, C-X Liao, Y-F Lv
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of microRNA-155 (miR-155) in the potential invasion of colon cancer cell and the underlying mechanism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expression level of miR-155 in colon cancer and adjacent normal tissues was detected by Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). miR-155 mimics (miR-155), or siRNA against β-catenin (β-catenin siRNA), was transfected into human colon cancer cell line SW-480 using Lipofectamine 2000, respectively...
January 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Y L Ye, Z Pang, W Gu, J J Zheng
Objective: To explore the expression of microRNA-155 in colonic mucosa and peripheral blood in patients with inflammatory bowel disease(IBD), and to examine the clinical value and significance of microRNA-155 in the diagnosis of IBD. Methods: Quatitative reverse-transcription PCR was performed to detect the expression of microRNA-155 in 20 patients with Crohn disease(CD), 21 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), 18 patients with IBD type unclassified(IBDU), 25 healthy people(control group), 12 patients with infection colitis and 19 patients with ischemia colitis...
December 19, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"