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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319927/which-outcome-measures-should-be-used-in-stress-urinary-incontinence-trials
#1
Renly Lim, Men Long Liong, Wing Seng Leong, Kah Hay Yuen
OBJECTIVE: To review measures used in recent randomized controlled trials evaluating stress urinary incontinence (SUI) treatments and to propose the most relevant outcome measure which should be included in future trials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified randomized controlled trials for SUI interventions published between January 2015 and July 2017. We listed the objective and subjective outcome measures used in eligible trials in literature search. Using data from our randomized controlled trial conducted from 2013-2016 evaluating pulsed magnetic stimulation for SUI, we analysed the correlation between all measures...
January 10, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315998/effectiveness-and-quality-of-life-10%C3%A2-years-after-transobturator-suburethral-tape-surgery-for-stress-urinary-incontinence
#2
Paula Celada, Patricia Cañete, Ester Ortiz Murillo, Juan J Tarín, Antonio Cano
AIM: We aimed to measure the effectiveness and quality of life (QoL) 10 years after transobturator suburethral tape surgery. METHODS: We carried out a prospective observational study of 42 women assessed 10 years after surgical intervention with the transobturator technique. The main outcome measures were subjective and objective cure or improvement, complications, and changes in QoL. RESULTS: The median abdominal leak point pressure had been 92 (82-113) mL H2 O prior to surgery...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299661/three-and-twelve-month-follow-up-outcomes-of-tvt-exact-and-tvt-abbrevo-for-treatment-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
ShiJian Feng, DeYi Luo, QinYu Liu, TongXin Yang, Caigan Du, Hong Li, KunJie Wang, Hong Shen
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy, safety, postoperative complications and discomforts between TVT-EXACT (TVT-E) and TVT-ABBREVO (TVT-A) for treatment of female stress urinary incontinence. METHODS: Recruited patients were randomized into either TVT-E or TVT-A group using SPSS software. Follow-up measures were performed at day 1 before surgery and both 3 and 12 months after the surgery. The measurement outcomes were the scores of involved six questionnaires on quality of life, symptom severity and patient satisfaction...
January 3, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234544/impact-of-transobturator-vaginal-tape-on-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-and-sexual-function
#4
Tarek Soliman, Hammouda Sherif, Abdallah Fathi, Wael Kandeel, Osama Abdelwahab
Objective: To evaluate the effect of vaginal transobturator tape (TOT) on female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and sexual function. Patients and methods: In all, 145 patients with SUI underwent TOT repair using the 'outside-in' technique. All patients had been sexually active in the previous 6 months. Patients were evaluated by history, routine laboratory investigations, cough stress test, abdominopelvic ultrasonography, and full urodynamic studies. The preoperative data assessed included: age, parity, body mass index, menopausal status, and Stamey grade of SUI...
December 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221328/uncontrolled-and-under-diagnosed-asthma-in-a-damascus-shelter-during-the-syrian-crisis
#5
Yousser Mohammad, Shaaban Rafea, Youssef Latifeh, Ali Khaddam, Bisher Sawaf, Mhd Ismael Zakaria, Mohammad Sadek Al Masalmeh, Yaser Fawaz, Abdoulraouf Allaham, Imad Almani, Hiba El-Tarcheh, Ayham Ghazal, Ali Zaher, Hala Rifai, Hamed Joumah, S Dresden Glockler-Lauf, Teresa To
Background: Studies have shown that poor shelter or dwelling conditions may lead to deteriorations in health. Those with asthma may be more susceptible to compromised living conditions and stress leading to a higher risk of asthma exacerbations. To describe the asthma control and quality of life of individuals with diagnosed asthma living in a shelter in Damascus, Syria and estimate the prevalence of respiratory symptoms in shelter dwellers without diagnosed asthma. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, all individuals 5 years and older living in Al-Herjalleh shelter with diagnosed asthma were recruited to complete a questionnaire, which included items related to their respiratory symptoms, asthma exacerbations, exposure to asthma triggers, medication use, and health-related quality of life before and since entering the shelter...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201518/transobturator-four-arms-mesh-in-the-surgical-management-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-with-cystocele
#6
Hammouda Sherif, Tarek Soliman Othman, Amr Eldkhakhany, Hussein Elkady, Adel Elfallah
Objective: This study aims to evaluate safety and efficacy of four arms polypropylene mesh in the long- term follow-up in the management of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) associated with cystocele. Material and methods: This prospective study was conducted on 50 female patients with SUI associated with cystocele. Patients underwent placement of transobturator four-arms mesh implants. Stress incontinence was evaluated using cough stress test with and without prolapse reduction, Stamey's grading of SUI, the validated Arabic version of the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form and King Health Questionnaire forms...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177542/adjustable-transobturator-sling-for-the-treatment-primary-stress-urinary-incontinence
#7
Dmitry Shkarupa, Nikita Kubin, Olga Staroseltseva, Ekaterina Shapovalova
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the rate of postoperative voiding dysfunction after the insertion of an adjustable transobturator sling for the treatment of primary stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The secondary aim was to assess the objective and subjective cure rates and the impact of the surgery on quality of life. METHODS: This prospective study included 171 patients with primary SUI who underwent insertion of an adjustable transobturator tape...
November 25, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175541/a-randomized-comparative-study-evaluating-various-cough-stress-tests-and-24-hour-pad-test-with-urodynamics
#8
Joseph W Henderson, Sarah M Kane, Jeffrey M Mangel, Elias G Kikano, Jorge A Garibay, Robert R Pollard, Sangeeta T Mahajan, Sara M Debanne, Adonis K Hijaz
PURPOSE: The cough stress test (CST) is a common and accepted tool to evaluate stress urinary incontinence but there is no agreement on how the test should be conducted. We assessed the diagnostic ability of different CSTs performed varying patient's position and bladder volumes using urodynamic stress urinary incontinence (USI) as the gold standard. The 24-hour pad test was also evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Women presenting to specialty outpatient clinics with complaints of urinary incontinence and recommended to undergo urodynamic testing were recruited...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969408/evaluation-of-per-operative-cough-stress-test-during-transobturator-mid-urethral-sling-surgery
#9
Abdulmuttalip Simsek, Sinan Levent Kirecci, Goksel Bayar, Kaya Horasanli, Faruk Ozgor, Zafer Gokhan Gurbuz
PURPOSE: Currently, it is unclear how the mesh tension should be adjusted on the transobturator tape surgery (TOT) for improving continence. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of per-operative cough stress test on TOT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2007 and December 2011, 206 women with SUI were enrolled in this study. Patients were randomly categorized to treatment with TOT (96) or TOT with cough stress test (110). The IIQ-7 and the UDI-6 were used to identify satisfaction level...
October 3, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936072/alleviating-stress-response-to-tracheal-extubation-in-neurosurgical-patients-a-comparative-study-of-two-infusion-doses-of-dexmedetomidine
#10
Ankur Luthra, Hemanshu Prabhakar, Girija Prasad Rath
BACKGROUND: Tracheal extubation is almost always associated with increase in sympathoadrenal activity may result in hypertension, tachycardia, and arrhythmias. Attempts have been made to oppose the pressor response by the use of various drugs. Dexmedetomidine decreases norepinephrine which reduces the blood pressure and the heart rate (HR). We hypothesize that the infusion of dexmedetomidine may produce more stable hemodynamics during extubation as compared to boluses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety adult patients aged 18-65 years, the American Society of Anesthesiologists Grade I-II undergoing intracranial surgeries for various neurologic problem at All India Institute of Medical Sciences were enrolled in this randomized controlled trial...
August 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930367/adjustable-single-incision-sling-ajust-the-effects-of-first-operations-controlled-by-pelvic-floor-sonography
#11
Tomasz Kluz, Edyta Wlaźlak, Andrzej Wróbel, Wiktor Wlaźlak, Michał Pazdrak, Grzegorz Surkont
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate using PFS-TV the mid-term results of our first operative experience with implanting a single incision sling - Ajust™. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One and the same surgeon has operated all the patients with symptoms of stress urinary incontinence. Ajust was the only performed procedure. Postoperative evaluation consisted of: a standardized interview and examination, a cough test and a PFS-TV for evaluation of urinary continence and tape location...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884367/pelvic-floor-muscle-activity-during-impact-activities-in-continent-and-incontinent-women-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Helene Moser, Monika Leitner, Jean-Pierre Baeyens, Lorenz Radlinger
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Investigating the activity of the pelvic floor muscles (PFMs) in women during impact activities such as jumping, running or coughing may elucidate different aspects of PFM activation and therefore clarify the pathophysiology of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). A systematic review (PROSPERO 2016:CRD42016035624) was conducted to summarize current evidence on PFM activity during impact activities in both continent and incontinent women. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane, and SPORTDiscus databases were systematically searched for studies published up to December 2016...
September 7, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826977/risk-factors-for-voice-disorders-in-university-professors-in-cyprus
#13
Kyriaki Kyriakou, Kakia Petinou, Ioannis Phinikettos
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to investigate risk factors for voice pathologies in university professors to determine the need for a preventative vocal hygiene education program that could improve the quality of life of university faculty. METHODS: An online questionnaire was completed by 196 professors from 12 universities in Cyprus. The questionnaire elicited data regarding risk factors that may lead to voice disorders on parameters including general health, voice use, lifestyle, and environment and the self-perceived severity of a subject's voice problem...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826955/five-year-outcome-of-miniarc-single-incision-sling-used-in-the-treatment-of-primary-urodynamic-stress-incontinence
#14
Tsia-Shu Lo, Sandy Chua, Chuan Chi Kao, Ma Clarissa Uy-Patrimonio, Rami Ibrahim, Yiap Loong Tan
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the MiniArc single-incision sling in the treatment of urodynamic stress incontinence (USI) through 5 years. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Eighty-five patients with USI without needing concurrent procedures who underwent anti-incontinence surgery using the MiniArc SIMS from February 2010 to December 2011...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802811/effects-of-respiratory-training-on-heart-rate-variability-and-baroreflex-sensitivity-in-individuals-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#15
Bonnie E Legg Ditterline, Sevda C Aslan, David C Randall, Susan J Harkema, Camilo Castillo, Alexander V Ovechkin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of pressure threshold respiratory training (RT) on heart rate variability and baroreflex sensitivity in persons with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Before-after intervention case-controlled clinical study. SETTING: SCI research center and outpatient rehabilitation unit. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (N=44) consisted of persons with chronic SCI ranging from C2 to T11 who participated in RT (n=24), and untrained control subjects with chronic SCI ranging from C2 to T9 (n=20)...
August 9, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723368/definition-of-success-after-surgery-for-female-stress-incontinence-or-voiding-dysfunction-an-attempt-at-standardization
#16
REVIEW
Maude E Carmel, Donna Y Deng, Tamsin J Greenwell, Philippe E Zimmern
CONTEXT: There is currently no standardized definition of success for surgery for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and voiding dysfunction (VD) in women. OBJECTIVE: To review the use of outcome measures (OMs) and definitions of success in the literature on SUI and VD surgery in women in an attempt to provide recommendations for future publications. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A PubMed search of all English language full-text articles on SUI and VD surgery in women published between 2010 and 2015 was performed...
August 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620597/feeding-problems-and-their-underlying-mechanisms-in-the-esophageal-atresia-tracheoesophageal-fistula-patient
#17
REVIEW
Lisa Mahoney, Rachel Rosen
Feeding difficulties such as dysphagia, coughing, choking, or vomiting during meals, slow eating, oral aversion, food refusal, and stressful mealtimes are common in children with repaired esophageal atresia (EA) and the reasons for this are often multifactorial. The aim of this review is to describe the possible underlying mechanisms contributing to feeding difficulties in patients with EA and approaches to management. Underlying mechanisms for these feeding difficulties include esophageal dysphagia, oropharyngeal dysphagia and aspiration, and aversions related to prolonged gastrostomy tube feeding...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577171/a-randomized-nonblinded-extension-study-of-single-incision-versus-transobturator-midurethral-sling-in-women-with-stress-urinary-incontinence
#18
René P Schellart, Sandra E Zwolsman, Jean-Philippe Lucot, Dirk J M K de Ridder, Marcel G W Dijkgraaf, Jan-Paul W R Roovers
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Midurethral sling procedures are the first surgical option in women undergoing surgery for stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Single-incision midurethral-slings (SIMS) were designed to provide similar efficacy to traditional midurethral slings but with reduced morbidity. In this international trial we compared the efficacy of a SIMS (MiniArc) and a transobturator standard midurethral sling (SMUS; Monarc) in the treatment of SUI in terms of subjective and objective cure rates and morbidity over a long-term follow-up...
June 2, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537693/surgical-management-of-female-paraurethral-cyst-with-concomitant-stress-urinary-incontinence
#19
Tarik Yonguc, Ibrahim Halil Bozkurt, Salih Polat, Serkan Yarimoglu, Ismail Gulden, Volkan Sen, Suleyman Minareci
Paraurethral cysts are usually asymptomatic and frequently detected incidentally during routine pelvic examination however, patients can present with complaints of a palpable cyst or with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and also dyspareunia. In most cases, diagnosis can be made on physical examination but for more detailed evaluation and to differentiate from malign lesions ultrasonography (US), voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG), computerized tomography (CT), or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can also be used...
May 23, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500515/outpatient-mid-urethral-tissue-fixation-system-sling-for-urodynamic-stress-urinary-incontinence-3-year-surgical-and-quality-of-life-results
#20
Ryoko Nakamura, Masahiro Yao, Yoshiko Maeda, Akiko Fujisaki, Yuki Sekiguchi
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness and quality of life (QOL) of outpatient mid-urethral tissue fixation system sling (TFS) procedures for urodynamic stress urinary incontinence (SUI) at 3-year follow-up. METHODS: We analyzed 50 mid-urethral TFS sling operations between 2007 and 2012 at Yokohama Motomachi Women's Clinic LUNA. The primary outcome was success defined as a negative 24-h pad test, negative cough and Valsalva stress test, and no re-treatment for SUI...
November 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
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