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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620597/feeding-problems-and-their-underlying-mechanisms-in-the-esophageal-atresia-tracheoesophageal-fistula-patient
#1
REVIEW
Lisa Mahoney, Rachel Rosen
Feeding difficulties such as dysphagia, coughing, choking, or vomiting during meals, slow eating, oral aversion, food refusal, and stressful mealtimes are common in children with repaired esophageal atresia (EA) and the reasons for this are often multifactorial. The aim of this review is to describe the possible underlying mechanisms contributing to feeding difficulties in patients with EA and approaches to management. Underlying mechanisms for these feeding difficulties include esophageal dysphagia, oropharyngeal dysphagia and aspiration, and aversions related to prolonged gastrostomy tube feeding...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577171/a-randomized-nonblinded-extension-study-of-single-incision-versus-transobturator-midurethral-sling-in-women-with-stress-urinary-incontinence
#2
René P Schellart, Sandra E Zwolsman, Jean-Philippe Lucot, Dirk J M K de Ridder, Marcel G W Dijkgraaf, Jan-Paul W R Roovers
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Midurethral sling procedures are the first surgical option in women undergoing surgery for stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Single-incision midurethral-slings (SIMS) were designed to provide similar efficacy to traditional midurethral slings but with reduced morbidity. In this international trial we compared the efficacy of a SIMS (MiniArc) and a transobturator standard midurethral sling (SMUS; Monarc) in the treatment of SUI in terms of subjective and objective cure rates and morbidity over a long-term follow-up...
June 2, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537693/surgical-management-of-female-paraurethral-cyst-with-concomitant-stress-urinary-incontinence
#3
Tarik Yonguc, Ibrahim Halil Bozkurt, Salih Polat, Serkan Yarimoglu, Ismail Gulden, Volkan Sen, Suleyman Minareci
Paraurethral cysts are usually asymptomatic and frequently detected incidentally during routine pelvic examination however, patients can present with complaints of a palpable cyst or with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and also dyspareunia. In most cases, diagnosis can be made on physical examination but for more detailed evaluation and to differentiate from malign lesions ultrasonography (US), voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG), computerized tomography (CT), or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can also be used...
May 23, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500515/outpatient-mid-urethral-tissue-fixation-system-sling-for-urodynamic-stress-urinary-incontinence-3-year-surgical-and-quality-of-life-results
#4
Ryoko Nakamura, Masahiro Yao, Yoshiko Maeda, Akiko Fujisaki, Yuki Sekiguchi
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness and quality of life (QOL) of outpatient mid-urethral tissue fixation system sling (TFS) procedures for urodynamic stress urinary incontinence (SUI) at 3-year follow-up. METHODS: We analyzed 50 mid-urethral TFS sling operations between 2007 and 2012 at Yokohama Motomachi Women's Clinic LUNA. The primary outcome was success defined as a negative 24-h pad test, negative cough and Valsalva stress test, and no re-treatment for SUI...
May 12, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464312/retropubic-versus-transobturator-tension-free-vaginal-tape-tvt-vs-tvt-o-five-year-results-of-the-austrian-randomized-trial
#5
Ayman Tammaa, Thomas Aigmüller, Engelbert Hanzal, Wolfgang Umek, Stephan Kropshofer, Peter F J Lang, George Ralph, Paul Riss, Dieter Koelle, Katharina Jundt, Karl Tamussino, Vesna Bjelic-Radisic
AIMS: To compare outcomes of the retropubic versus the transobturator tension-free vaginal tape (TVT vs TVT-O) at 5 years. METHODS: A total of 569 women undergoing surgery for primary stress incontinence were randomized to receive a retropubic or a transobturator tensionfree vaginal tape (TVT or TVT-O). Follow-up at 5 years included clinical examination, urodynamic studies and quality of life. The primary outcome measure was continence defined as a negative cough stress test at a volume of 300 mL...
May 2, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453959/uroflowmetric-changes-success-rate-and-complications-following-tension-free-vaginal-tape-obturator-tvt-o-operation-in-obese-females
#6
Reham Fouad, Yahia M El-Faissal, Ahmed T Hashem, Sherine H Gad Allah
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the outcome of Tension-free Vaginal Tape Obturator (TVT-O) operation in the treatment of urodynamic stress incontinence (USI) in obese females, with respect to uroflowmetric changes, success rate and postoperative complications. METHODS: This prospective observational study included 26 patients with USI at the Obstetrics & Gynecology department-Cairo University hospital during the year 2015. The participants had body mass index (BMI)≥30...
April 23, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430723/colpocleisis-a-survey-of-current-practice-patterns
#7
Keisha Jones, Gary Wang, Robert Romano, Peter St Marie, Oz Harmanli
BACKGROUND: Currently, there are no standard treatment guidelines for colpocleisis. Clinical practice varies widely for this safe and effective procedure. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the current practice patterns in the United States among surgeons who perform colpocleisis. METHODS: A 27-item anonymous Web-based survey was sent to all practicing physicians affiliated with the American Urogynecologic Society. It consisted of questions regarding the demographic background of the physicians and their current practice as it relates to colpocleisis...
April 20, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405960/outcome-measures-of-adjustable-transobturator-male-system-with-pre-attached-scrotal-port-for-male-stress-urinary-incontinence-after-radical-prostatectomy-a-prospective-study
#8
Javier C Angulo, Ignacio Arance, Cristina Esquinas, Juan F Dorado, João P Marcelino, Francisco E Martins
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to report outcome measures with third-generation pre-attached scrotal port adjustable transobturator male system (ATOMS) for male stress urinary incontinence (SUI) after radical prostatectomy. METHODS: A prospective open study was conducted on consecutive patients. Evaluation included cough test, urethroscopy, filling and voiding cystometry, 24-h pad count and pad test, patient-reported outcomes (ICIQ-SF, IIQ-7, PGI, GRA, and VAS), complications according to the Clavien-Dindo system, operative results, number of adjustments, and filling of the system...
April 12, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394497/prediction-of-mid-urethral-sling-failure-with-clinical-findings-and-urodynamics
#9
Serdar Aydin, Çağrı Arioğlu Aydin, Fırat Ersan
OBJECTIVE: Mid-urethral slings (MUS) become a standard, minimally invasive surgery to treat urinary stress incontinence. Our aim is to investigate the contribution of preoperative urodynamics to mid-urethral slings success and determine predictors for choosing mid-urethral sling route. METHODS: Women with stress urinary incontinence and who desired surgical correction of their incontinence were included in the study. The selection of the procedure was according to an algorithm used in an institution...
May 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284822/-algorithms-and-urinary-incontinence-in-the-elderly-assessment-treatment-recommendations-and-levels-of-evidence-review
#10
P Meyer
OBJECTIVES: Search processing algorithms in a primary care setting, analyzing the specifics of care management for seniors suffering from urinary incontinence (UI), described the recommendations and levels of evidence of treatment. METHODS: A literature review carried out via PubMed(®) and websites of scientific societies with search keywords classified according to an algorithm. RESULTS: One hundred algorithms have been discovered in the field of evaluation and treatment of UI...
March 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263134/standing-cough-test-for-evaluation-of-post-prostatectomy-incontinence-a-pilot-study
#11
Allen F Morey, Nirmish Singla, Maude Carmel, Alexandra Klein, Timothy J Tausch, Jordan Siegel, Isamu Tachibana, Jeremy Scott
INTRODUCTION: We implemented a standardized Standing Cough Test (SCT) for assessment of men with post-prostatectomy incontinence (PPI) and stratified results according to an objective clinical grading scale in an attempt to facilitate male anti-incontinence surgical procedure selection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SCT was routinely performed during the initial outpatient consultation for PPI. Incontinence severity was recorded based on a novel Male Stress Incontinence Grading Scale (MSIGS) to stratify PPI...
February 2017: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247724/-surgical-treatment-of-stress-urinary-incontinence
#12
N A Kravtsova, T G Melkoniants, M Yu Gvozdev, V A Krutova
OBJECTIVE: Urinary stress incontinence considerably decreases the life quality of women, which makes search for effective methods of treatment essential. The research presents results of surgical treatment of 230 patients with stress urinary incontinence between 2011 and 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Efficiency of treatment of urinary incontinence in women, using Tension-free Vaginal Tape (TVT-O) and mini-sling Ophira was presented. The evaluation was made out of complaints and physical examination in target groups, including patients with concurrent genital prolapse and mixed urinary incontinence...
August 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220200/intraurethral-bulking-agents-for-the-management-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Zain A Siddiqui, Hamid Abboudi, Ruairidh Crawford, Shahzad Shah
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The object of this review was to assess the efficacy and safety of urethral bulking agents (UBA), principally Macroplastique and Bulkamid, in the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: MEDLINE® and EMBASE® databases were systematically searched up to June 2016. Year of publication, study type, outcome measures, urodynamics before and after the procedure, number of participants, procedure complications, proportion requiring repeat injections or surgical procedures, frequency of follow-up, and results were analysed...
February 21, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150033/obesity-and-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-women-compromised-continence-mechanism-or-excess-bladder-pressure-during-cough
#14
Carolyn W Swenson, Giselle E Kolenic, Elisa R Trowbridge, Mitchell B Berger, Christina Lewicky-Gaupp, Rebecca U Margulies, Daniel M Morgan, Dee E Fenner, John O DeLancey
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We compared two hypotheses as to why obesity is associated with stress urinary incontinence (SUI): (1) obesity increases demand on the continence system (e.g. higher cough pressure) and (2) obesity compromises urethral function and urethrovaginal support. METHODS: A secondary analysis was performed using data from a case-control study of SUI in women. Measurements of urethrovaginal support (POP-Q point Aa, urethral axis), urethral function (maximal urethral closure pressure, MUCP), and measures of continence system demand (intravesical pressures at rest and during maximal cough) were analyzed...
February 1, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128907/minimally-invasive-treatment-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-with-the-adjustable-single-incision-sling-system-ajust-%C3%A2-in-an-elderly-and-overweight-population
#15
Ralf Anding, Manuel Schoen, Ruth Kirschner-Hermanns, Christian Fisang, Stefan C Müller, Stefan Latz
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of urinary incontinence is increasing. Two major risk factors are overweight and age. We present objective and subjective cure rates of elderly and overweight patients treated with an adjustable single-incision sling system (AJUST™, C.R. BARD, Inc.). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 04/2009 and 02/2012 we treated 100 female patients with the single incision sling. Patients were retrospectively evaluated by Stamey degree of incontinence, cough test, pad use, and overall satisfaction...
March 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079569/standing-vs-supine-does-it-matter-in-cough-stress-testing
#16
Radhika Patnam, Autumn L Edenfield, Steven E Swift
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the sensitivity of cough stress test in the standing versus supine position in the evaluation of incontinent females. METHODS: We performed a prospective observational study of women with the chief complaint of urinary incontinence (UI) undergoing a provocative cough stress test (CST). Subjects underwent both a standing and a supine CST. Testing order was randomized via block randomization. Cough stress test was performed in a standard method via backfill of 200 mL or until the subject described strong urge...
January 18, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049063/activity-of-pericampylus-glaucus-and-periglaucine-a-in-vitro-against-nasopharangeal-carcinoma-and-anti-inflammatory-activity
#17
Fiona Natalia Shipton, Teng-Jin Khoo, Md Shahadat Hossan, Christophe Wiart
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: P. glaucus is a climbing plant found across Asia and used in traditional medicine to treat a number of conditions including splenomegaly, fever, cough, laryngitis, pulmonary disease, asthma, headache, hair loss, snake bite, boar bite, factures, boils, tumours, tetanus, rheumatic pain, itches and eclampsia. AIM OF THE STUDY: To test extracts of P. glaucus in a number of bioassays and determine the legitimacy of its traditional use...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930942/trocar-guided-trans-vaginal-mesh-surgery-for-pelvic-organ-prolapse-effects-on-urinary-continence-and-anatomical-and-functional-outcomes-a-prospective-observational-study
#18
F Natale, E Costantini, C La Penna, E Illiano, R Balsamo, A Carbone, M Cervigni
OBJECTIVE: Primary objective of this study was to assess the effects of trocar-guided transvaginal mesh surgery (TVM) on cure and prevention rates for incontinence, without concomitant surgery for Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI). Our secondary objectives were anatomical outcomes, relief of symptoms and effect on quality of life (QoL). STUDY DESIGN: This prospective observational study evaluated women who underwent TVM for symptomatic stage >2 Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP)...
March 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794177/two-year-outcomes-for-the-altis-%C3%A2-adjustable-single-incision-sling-system-for-treatment-of-stress-urinary-incontinence
#19
Ervin Kocjancic, Ty Erickson, Le-Mai Tu, Edward Gheiler, Douglas Van Drie
AIMS: Evaluate the Altis single-incision sling for treatment of female stress urinary incontinence through 24 months. METHODS: This was a prospective, multi-center, industry-sponsored (Coloplast Corp.), single-arm trial with primary efficacy defined as ≥50% reduction in 24 h pad weight from baseline at 6-months. Device- and procedure-related complications were collected for safety. Secondary measures included cough stress test, Urogenital Distress Inventory-Short Form, Incontinence Impact Questionnaire-Short Form, and Patient Global Impression of Improvement...
October 29, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714435/transobturator-versus-single-incision-slings-1-year-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Aimee L Tieu, Aparna Hegde, Peter A Castillo, G Willy Davila, Vivian C Aguilar
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: To compare 1-year surgical outcomes following transobturator (TO) sling placement and single incision (SI) sling placement for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: We performed a randomized trial at a single institution. Patients with urodynamically proven SUI were offered participation and randomized to placement of a TO sling (Monarc™) or a SI sling (MiniArc™) between 2008 and 2011. The primary outcome measure was urinary leakage during standardized cough stress test (CST)...
October 6, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
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