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asa failure in stroke

Erin A Woods, Margaret L Ackman, Michelle M Graham, Sheri L Koshman, Rosaleen M Boswell, Arden R Barry
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend triple antithrombotic therapy (TAT), defined as acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), clopidogrel, and warfarin, for patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation who have undergone percutaneous coronary intervention with stent implantation. The choice of anticoagulant/antiplatelet therapy in this population is ambiguous and complex, and prescribing patterns are not well documented. OBJECTIVE: To characterize local prescribing patterns for anticoagulant/antiplatelet therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation...
July 2016: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
Antoinette de Waha, Sigrid Sandner, Moritz von Scheidt, Andreas Boening, Katharina Koch-Buettner, Dieter Hammel, Rainer Hambrecht, Bernhard C Danner, Friedrich A Schöndube, Gerold Goerlach, Theodor Fischlein, Michael Schmoeckel, Martin Oberhoffer, Rainer Schulz, Thomas Walther, Tibor Ziegelhöffer, Christoph Knosalla, Felix Schönrath, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Matthias Siepe, Tim Attmann, Martin Misfeld, Friedrich-Wilhelm Mohr, Hans-Hinrich Sievers, Alexander Joost, Leon M Putman, Günther Laufer, Christian Hamm, Uwe Zeymer, Adnan Kastrati, Peter W Radke, Rüdiger Lange, Jochen Cremer, Heribert Schunkert
BACKGROUND: For patients with coronary artery disease undergoing coronary bypass surgery, acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) currently represents the gold standard of antiplatelet treatment. However, adverse cardiovascular event rates in the first year after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) still exceed 10%. Graft failure, which is predominantly mediated by platelet aggregation, has been identified as a major contributing factor in this context. Therefore, intensified platelet inhibition is likely to be beneficial...
September 2016: American Heart Journal
Christopher T Martin, Yubo Gao, Andrew J Pugely
BACKGROUND: Unplanned hospital readmission following orthopedic procedures results in significant expenditures for the Medicare population. In order to reduce expenditures, hospital readmission has become an important quality metric for Medicare patients. The purpose of the present study is to determine the incidence and risk factors for 30-day readmissions after hip fracture surgery. METHODS: Patients over the age of 18 years who underwent hip fracture surgery, including open reduction internal fixation (ORIF), intramedullary nailing, hemi-arthroplasty, or total hip arthroplasty, between the years 2012 and 2013 were identified from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality improvement Program (NSQIP) database...
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
A C Dodd, C Bulka, A Jahangir, H R Mir, W T Obremskey, M K Sethi
INTRODUCTION: With the cost of healthcare in the United States reaching $2.9 trillion in 2013 and expected to increase with a growing geriatric population, the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) and Hospital Quality Alliance (HQA) began publicly reporting 30-day mortality rates so that hospitals and physicians may begin to confront clinical problems and promote high-quality and patient-centered care. Though the 30-day mortality is considered a highly effective tool in measuring hospital performance, little data actually exists that explores the rate and risk factors for trauma-related hip and pelvis fractures...
October 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Luke K Kim, Rajesh V Swaminathan, Patrick Looser, Robert M Minutello, S Chiu Wong, Geoffrey Bergman, Srihari S Naidu, Christopher L F Gade, Konstantinos Charitakis, Harsimran S Singh, Dmitriy N Feldman
IMPORTANCE: Previous data on septal myectomy (SM) and alcohol septal ablation (ASA) in obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy have been limited to small, nonrandomized, single-center studies. Use of septal reduction therapy and the effect of institutional experience on procedural outcomes nationally are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To examine in-hospital outcomes after SM and ASA stratified by hospital volume within a large, national inpatient database. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This study analyzed all patients who were hospitalized for SM or ASA in a nationwide inpatient database from January 1, 2003, through December 31, 2011...
June 1, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
Faisal Aziz, Erik B Lehman, Amy B Reed
BACKGROUND: Carotid endarterectomy is the gold standard operation to prevent stroke in patients with symptomatic carotid artery stenosis and asymptomatic high-grade carotid artery stenosis. Longer operative times for different operations have been shown to affect the outcomes adversely. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of postoperative complications after carotid endarterectomy, and their relation to the operative times. METHODS: The American College of Surgeons database was queried for all patients who underwent carotid endarterectomies from 2005 to 2007...
October 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Alex Soroceanu, Douglas C Burton, Jonathan H Oren, Justin S Smith, Richard Hostin, Christopher I Shaffrey, Behrooz A Akbarnia, Christopher P Ames, Thomas J Errico, Shay Bess, Munish C Gupta, Vedat Deviren, Frank J Schwab, Virginie Lafage
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of a prospective multi-center database evaluating surgical ASD patients. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify risk factors for medical complications in ASD patients undergoing surgery SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Adult Spinal Deformity (ASD) surgery is known for its high complication rate. This study examines baseline patient characteristics for predictors of medical complications in surgical ASD patients. METHODS: Intra and perioperative medical complications were included...
April 19, 2016: Spine
Emma L Barber, Benjamin Harris, Paola A Gehrig
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative trainee involvement in hysterectomy is common. However, the effect of intraoperative trainee involvement on perioperative complications depending on surgical approach is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effect of intraoperative trainee involvement on perioperative complication after vaginal, laparoscopic, and abdominal hysterectomy for benign disease. METHODS: Patients undergoing laparoscopic, vaginal, or abdominal hysterectomy for benign disease from 2010 to 2012 were identified from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database...
August 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Zardasht Oqab, William F McIntyre, Kieran L Quinn, Tyler Lamb, Kenneth Quadros, Payam Yazdan-Ashoori, Erik van Oosten, Karen Chu, Jasmine Lamba, Walid Barake, Kiarash Mohajer, Jeffrey N Marr, Adrian Baranchuk
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common cardiac arrhythmia and is associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke. The aim of this study was to identify practice patterns of Canadian resident physicians pertaining to stroke prevention in nonvalvular AF according to the Canadian Cardiovascular Society guidelines. A Web-based survey consisting of 16 multiple-choice questions was distributed to 11 academic centres. Questions involved identification of risks of stroke, bleeding, and selection of appropriate therapy in clinical scenarios that involve a patient with AF with a Congestive Heart Failure, Hypertension, Age, Diabetes, Stroke/Transient Ischemic Attack (CHADS2) score of 3 and no absolute contraindications to anticoagulation...
June 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Gregory Y H Lip, Tereza Lanitis, Jack Mardekian, Thitima Kongnakorn, Hemant Phatak, Paul Dorian
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although recommended by guidelines, the benefits of treating patients with atrial fibrillation with a low-stroke risk score, with aspirin or anticoagulants, have not been clearly established. With advent of safer non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant, we assessed the clinical and economic implications of 5 mg BID of apixaban versus aspirin among patients with a relative low risk of stroke as assessed using the CHADS2 (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age>75, diabetes mellitus, stroke/transient ischemic attack) and CHA2DS2-VASc (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age, diabetes mellitus, stroke/transient ischemic attack, vascular disease) stroke risk classification...
October 2015: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Steven B Deitelzweig, Yonghua Jing, Jason P Swindle, Dinara Makenbaeva
PURPOSE: The Clinical Decision Aid was created to assist in selecting anticoagulant therapies for patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. The aid incorporates a patient's absolute risk for stroke and bleeding, relative stroke risk reduction, and increase in relative bleeding risk to identify the agent with the lowest net risk. We describe theoretical implications of utilizing the aid at a US managed care population level. METHODS: This retrospective study used claims data from a large US managed care database including enrollees in commercial and Medicare Advantage plans...
November 1, 2014: Clinical Therapeutics
Cyrus Boelman, Manohar Shroff, Ivanna Yau, Bruce Bjornson, Susan Richrdson, Gabrielle deVeber, Daune MacGregor, Mahendranathn Moharir, Rand Askalan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and efficacy of antithrombotic therapy (ATT) for secondary stroke prevention of childhood bacterial meningitis. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study of cases of stroke associated with bacterial meningitis in 2 pediatric hospitals during a period of 15 years. Patients were included in the study if they were between 28 days and 18 years of age and had at least 2 serial neuroimaging studies during the acute phase of their illness. The safety of ATT was assessed by the presence or absence of intracranial hemorrhage...
October 2014: Journal of Pediatrics
Gregory Y H Lip, John Eikelboom, Salim Yusuf, Olga Shestakovska, Robert G Hart, Stuart Connolly
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The main objective of the present analysis was to assess the effect of treatment with aspirin compared with apixaban on ischemic stroke and major bleeding in women compared with men. Female patients with atrial fibrillation are at increased stroke risk compared with male patients, and the underlying reasons for higher risk are uncertain. METHODS: Ancillary analysis of the Apixaban Versus Acetylsalicylic Acid [ASA] to Prevent Stroke in Atrial Fibrillation Patients Who Have Failed or Are Unsuitable for Vitamin K Antagonist Treatment (AVERROES) trial, comparing aspirin and apixaban, focused on sex differences...
July 2014: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Beata Labuz-Roszak, Michał Skrzypek, Krystyna Pierzchała, Agnieszka Machowska-Majchrzak, Małgorzata Mossakowska, Jerzy Chudek, Iwona Mańka-Gaca, Wojciech Bartman, Andrzej Więcek
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the frequency of use of oral antiplatelet (OAP) and anticoagulant (OAC) drugs as secondary stroke prevention among older people in Poland and its association with sociodemographic factors, place of residence, and concomitant cardiovascular risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 426 subjects with a history of a previous stroke (mean age of 81.5±8.2 years), participants of multicentre, population-based PolSenior study...
2014: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
Ulf Kajermo, Anders Ulvenstam, Angelo Modica, Tomas Jernberg, Thomas Mooe
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ischemic stroke is a known complication of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Treatment of AMI has undergone great changes in recent years. We aimed to investigate whether changes in treatment corresponded to a lower incidence of ischemic stroke and which factors predicted ischemic stroke after AMI. METHODS: Data were taken from the Swedish Register of Information and Knowledge about Swedish Heart Intensive Care Admissions. Patients with their first registered AMI between 1998 and 2008 were included...
May 2014: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Ahmet Irdem, Osman Başpınar, Mehmet Kervancıoğlu, Metin Kılınç
OBJECTIVES: The risk of fatal pulmonary and systemic thromboembolism is high in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy with cardiac thrombus. This study was planned to reveal the efficacy of antiaggregant therapy in patients with low left ventricular systolic ejection fraction (LVEF). STUDY DESIGN: The present study retrospectively reviewed the files of 83 cases (42 males, 41 females) with dilated cardiomyopathy who were followed between June 2004 and December 2011...
March 2014: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
Andrea D Foebel, Rosa Liperoti, Giovanni Gambassi, Jacob Gindin, Joshua Ben Israel, Roberto Bernabei, Graziano Onder
OBJECTIVES: Despite being the highest group of users of many medications, older individuals remain underrepresented in clinical trials. This leaves a gap in evidence to guide management of many conditions, such as ischemic heart disease (IHD), in this population. This study aimed to describe factors associated with IHD medication use among nursing home residents in 7 European countries and Israel to depict challenges facing disease management in this population. DESIGN: This study was a retrospective cohort analysis...
June 2014: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Robert Côté, Yu Zhang, Robert G Hart, Leslie A McClure, David C Anderson, Robert L Talbert, Oscar R Benavente
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether adding clopidogrel to acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) has a long-term protective vascular effect in patients with lacunar stroke while taking ASA. METHODS: Post hoc analysis of 838 patients with ASA failure and recent lacunar stroke from the Secondary Prevention of Small Subcortical Strokes Trial (SPS3) cohort randomly allocated to aspirin (325 mg/day) and clopidogrel (75 mg/day) or placebo. Primary efficacy outcome was stroke recurrence (ischemic and intracranial hemorrhage) and main safety outcome was major extracranial hemorrhage...
February 4, 2014: Neurology
M Nosul, G F Kolb
BACKGROUND: The cardiovascular and cerebral ischemic risk is defined as the risk of suffering a thromboembolic event. The common secondary prophylaxis is still the use of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA). The usual daily dose is 100 mg. Efficacy concerning platelet aggregation is not routinely checked. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study, patients taking 100 mg aspirin daily (orally) were examined after admittance to the stroke unit due to a stroke or stroke recurrence...
November 2014: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
H P Mattle, M Schwerzmann, Ch Seiler
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia. The prevalence of AF is 0.4% in the general population and increases with age up to 6-8% in octogenarians. In Switzerland, approximately 68000 persons are in atrial fibrillation, and in the EU countries 3.5 millions. Atrial fibrillation disturbs synchronous mechanical atrial activity and impairs the haemodynamics. This can give rise to thrombus formation, mostly in the left atrial appendage, and embolism to the systemic circulation. Clinical manifestations are most often neurological such as transient ischaemic attacks or ischaemic strokes, on average 5% per year...
September 1, 2003: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
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